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fn  f titrts 


k. 


k. 


THE    GENERAL    ARMOEY 


ENGLAND,  SCOTLAND,  IRELAND,  AND  WALES. 


THE 


GENEEAL    AEMOET 


ENGLAND,  SCOTLAND,  IRELAND  AND  WALES; 


COMPBISFNG 


A  REGISTRY  OF  ARMORIAL  BEARINGS  FROM  THE  EARLIEST  TO 

THE  PRESENT  TIME. 


SIR    BERNARD    BURKE,    C.B.,    LL.D., 

ULSTER  KING  OF  ARMS, 

AUTHOB    OF    "  THE    PEEEAGB    AND    BAEONETAOE,"    "  HISTOBY    OF    THE    LANDED    GENTEY,"     "  DOHMANT 

AND    EXTINCT    PEEEAGE,"    "  VICISSITUDES    OF    FAMILIES,"    "  HEMINISCENCES, 

ANCE8TKAL   AND    ANECDOTAL,"    &C.,   &.C. 


WITH     A 


SUPPLEMENT. 


LONDON : 

HARRISON,     59,     PALL    MALL, 

loohs^ller  io  iht  ©imii   m\b  g.g.^.   H^t  f  rince  of  Males. 


1884. 


LOMJDON  : 
PRINTED    BY    HABEISON    AND    SONS,    PBINTERS    IN    OEDlNARr    TO    HER    MAJESTY, 
ST.    martin's    lane,    CHAKING    CKOSS. 


Ileprintpfl  by  Wm.  Clowes  &  Sons  Ltd.,  Beccles,  for  the  publishers,  Burke's 

iVcrage    Lt<l.,    in    conjunction    with    Shaw    Publishing   Co.    Ltd.    (Registered 

offices:    \m   Fleet  Street,   London,  E.C.4.  Publishing  offices:  Mercury  House, 

109  -  119  Waterloo  Road,  London,  S.E.I,  England). 


UlllVERSITY  01^  CALIFORNIA 

SANTA  UAilBARA 


NOTICE. 


The  reader  is  earnestly  requested  to  refer  to  "  THE  Supplement  "  before 
consulting  the  Work.  A  few  words  are  all  that  are  required  in  addition  to 
the  original  Preface.  The  learned  and  accomplished  friends  whose 
co-operation  I  then  gratefully  acknowledged,  have  been  equally  kind 
and  obliging  in  this  re-issue.  One,  Mr.  Stephen  Tucker,  has  since 
become  Somerset  Herald,  ahd  has  been  succeeded  as  Rouge  Croix  by 
my  son,  Mr,  H.  Farnham  Burke,  F.S.A.,  who  has  rendered  me  essential 
service  in  this  edition. 

J.  BERNARD  BURKE, 

Ulster. 


PREFACE. 


The  General  Armory  first  appeared  in  the  year  1842,  and  was  most 
iavourably  received.  The  long  period  that  has  since  elapsed  has,  by  the 
acquisition  of  vast  materials,  tended  to  the  completion,  and  it  is  hoped  to 
the  perfection  of  the  original  work.  Founded  on  the  Heralds'  Visitations. 
the  County  Histories,  and  the  heraldic  writings  of  Dugdale,  Camden,  Guillim, 
Edmondson,  Berry,  Nicolas,  and  others,  the  present  edition  of  the  Armory  is, 
I  venture  to  assert,  the  most  comprehensive  Collection  of  Arms  ever  brought 
together,  embracing,  as  it  does,  some  60,000  coats.  The  most  minute 
and  watchfdl  editing,  rendered  necessary  by  the  technical  nature  of  the 
blazons,  has  been  bestowed  upon  it.  Every  line  required  to  be  closely 
examined,  and  each  heraldic  description  to  be  correctly  entered.  Despite, 
however,  of  this  anxious  attention,  errors  will  doubtless  be  detected;  but 
these  will,  it  is  confidently  expected,  meet  with  the  reader's  indulgence. 
The  work  comprises  the  Armorial  Bearings  of  the  Noblemen  and  Gentlemen 
of  the  British  Empire,  and  the  various  Coats  that  are  to  be  seen  in  churches 
and  family  mansions,  together  with  those  traceable  on  Seals,  Deeds,  Wills^ 
and  Monumental  remains. 

History  and  genealogy,  linked  as  they  are  with  Heraldry,  are  illustrated 
and  in  some  iastances  explained,  by  the  Science  of  Arms. 
-^   Heraldry   arose  with  feudalism,  attained  its  full   growth  iu  mediaeval 
times,   and   now,   in  the    19th   century,   is  prized  by  all  who    can   show 
honourable  ancestry,  or  wish  to  found  honourable  families. 

Valuable  as  the  assistance  has  been  which  I  have  derived  fi-om  the 
authorities  who  have  written  upon  the  subject,  the  result  of  my  endeavours 
would  be  incomplete  were  it  not  for  the  generous  aid  afibrded  me  by  many 
distinguished  friends. 

To  George  Burnett,  Lyon  King  of  Anns,  my  deepest  obligation  is 
due.  With  energy  imtiring,  with  liberality  unrestiicted,  and  with  kindness 
unwearied,  he  has  done  for  this  book  and  for  Scotland  generally  what  has 
never  before  been  attempted.  The  heraldry  of  the  historic  kingdom  over 
which  his  jurisdiction  extends  is,  thanks  to  his  learning  and  abihty,  fully 
and  authoritatively  given  in  this  edition  of  the  General  Armory.  My  debt 
is  also  great,  and  my  acknowledgments  are  most  cordially  ofiered,  to  several 
members  of  the  Heralds'  College  England.     My  old  and  esteemed  friend 


ji  PREFACE. 

Sir  Albert  Woods,  Garter,  head  of  that  famous  Corporation,  has  responded 
with  unfailing  courtesy  and  consideration  to  every  question  I  have  put 
to  him;  and  Chester,  Lancaster,  and  York  Heralds,  Mr.  Murray  Lane, 
Mr.  Cokayne,  and  General  de  Havilland,  always  so  kind  and  obliging, 
have  supphed  most  important  information.  And  here  I  take  occasion 
to  express  the  gratitude  I  especially  feel  to  another  member  of  the  Heralds' 
College,  my  accomplished  friend  Stephen  Tucker,  Rouge  Croix.  His  skill 
and  great  heraldic  knowledge  have,  from  the  Glossary  to  the  very  end  of 
the  Armoiy,  amended  and  adorned  the  book.  There  is  scarcely  a  page  that 
does  not  afford  evidence  of  the  value  of  his  co-operation. 

Outside  of  the  Lyon  Office  and  the  Heralds'  College  numerous  con- 
tributors have  essentially  aided  me  in  the  compilation  of  this  volume. 

John  H.  Glascott,  J.P.,  of  Killowen,  co.  Wexford,  so  vrell  known  as  a 
Genealogist  and  Herald,  has,  with  indefatigable  zeal  and  assiduous  care* 
watched  the  progress  of  the  work  from  the  very  beginning.  I  have  also  to 
return  my  warmest  thanks  to  many  others  who  have  most  kindly  seconded 
my  endeavours,  and  particularly  to  Mr.  H.  Sydney  Grazebrook,  Barrister- 
at-law.  Captain  Alfred  E.  Lawson  Lowe,  of  Highfield,  Sfr  John  Maclean, 
F.S.A.,  Mr.  Robert  Riddle  Stodai-t,  of  the  Lyon  Office,  Mr.  Alfred  W. 
Morant,  F.S.A.,  Mr.  J.  Paul  Rylands,  of  Highfields,  F.S.A.,  Mr.  Tyssen- 
Amherst,  of  Didlington  Hall,  Mr.  Reginald  Stewart  Boddington,  Mr.  H.  A. 
Johnston,  of  the  Irish  Bar,  Rev.  E.  H.  Mainwaring  Sladen,  M.A.,  Mr.  George 
D.  Tomlinson,  Mr.  W.  Smith  ElHs,  of  Hydecroft,  Rev.  John  Woodward, 
George  W.  Marshall,  LL.D.,  F.S.A.,  Mr.  Charles  J.  O'Donel,  of  Dublin, 
Banister-at-law,  Mr.  James  Greenstreet,  Viscount  Gort,  Mr.  E.  P.  Shiiley,  of 
Ettington  Park,  and  Hon.  Robert  C.  Winthrop  and  Mr.  Thomas  C.  Amory, 
both  of  Boston,  U.S. 

Thus  produced  and  thus  largely  increased,  the  Armory  will,  it  is  earnestly 
hoped,  become  a  book  of  general  and  satisfactory  reference  on  the  subject 
of  Heraldry  and  Arms,  and  form  the  sequel  to  my  series  of  works  in  elucida- 
tion of  the  genealogy  and  history  of  the  titled  and  untitled  orders  of  the 
three  Kingdoms. 

J.  BERNARD  BURKE, 
Ulster. 


-AQt^j^^S^ 


CONTENTS. 


Positions 


HERALDRY      

Animals,    Attitudes   or   Posi- 
tions of 

Archbishop's  Anns 

Arms,  Right  to  Bear 

Badges 

Banners 

Birds,  Attitudes  or 
of     . . 

Bishop's  Anns 

Blazoning 

Cadency,  Marks  of 

Chapeaux 

Coronets 

Crests  . . 

Crowns 

Escutcheon  of  Pretence 

Fishes,  Attitudes  or  Positions 
of     . . 

Hatchments    . . 

Helmets 

Heralds'  Visitation 

Heralds 

Impaling 


PAGE 

v-xxvii 

xii 

vii 
xiii 

xii 

X 

viii 

xii 

xvii 

xvii 

xiii 

xvii 

ix 

xii 

xvii 

vii 

xxiv 

ix 


Kings  of  Arms 

Mantles 

Marshalling    . . 

Motto  . . 

Quartering 

Seize  Quartiers 

Shield  of  Anns 

Standards 

Supporters 

Visitations 

Wreaths 


PAGE 

viii-xxiv 

xvii 

ix 

XV 

X 

Yirii 

xi 

XX 

xviii 
vii 
xiii 


GLOSSARY  ..  ..  xxviii-xxxvi 
Appendages  of  the  Shield  . ,.  xxxiii 
Charges  in  Heraldry  . ,  . .  xxxiv 
Colors  . .  . .         . .  xxviii,  xxix 


Coronets 

Crowns 

Furs     . . 

Metals. . 

Ordinaries 

Partition  Lines 

Shield,  Appendages  of 

Sub-Ordinaries 


DICTIONARY  OF  TERMS  USED  IN  HERALDRY 

ABBREVIATIONS  

THE  ROYAL  ARMORY  

Her  Majesty  the  Queen 
The  Prince  of  Wales 

The  Duke  of  Edinburgh 

The  Duke  of  Connaught  and  Stratheam   . . 

The  Duke  of  Cumberland     . . 

The  Duke  of  Cambridge 

Princes  and  Princesses  of  the  Blood  Royal 

Arms  of  the  different  Monarchs  since  the  Conquest 

Arms  of  Scotland      . .  , , 

Arms  of  Ireland 

The  Royal  Tribes  of  Wales 

Noble  Tribes  of  Wales  and  Powys 


xxxiv 
xxxiv 
xxviii 
xxviii 

XXX 

xxix 

, ,        xxxiii 

xxxi 

xxxv-xlvii 

xlviii 

xlix 

xlix 

1 

li 

m 

liii 
liv 
Iv 
Iv 
Ix 
Ixi 
Ixi 
..  Ixiii 


w 

CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

ORDERS  OF  KNIGHTHOOD  . . 

, ,         . .          Ixvii 

The  Garter 

Ixvii 

The  Thistle 

. . 

Ixviii 

St.  Patrick 

Ixix 

The  Bath        

Ixx 

Star  of  India . . 

Ixxi 

St.  Michael  and  St.  George  . . 

. .          Ixxii 

THE  GENERAL  ARMORY,  comprising  in  alphabetical  order,  the  Armorial 
Bearings  of  the  Noblemen  and  Gentlemen  of  the  three  Kingdoms,  and 
the  various  Coats  to  be  seen  in  Churches  and  Family  Mansions,  on 
Deeds  and  Wills,  &c 1- 


1153 


SUPPLEMENT  TO  THE  GENERAL  ARMORY    . . 


1154-1161 


MOTTOES  in  alphabetical  order . 


1162-1185 


HERALDRY. 


Heraldry  may  be  defined  "  the  art  of  blazoning',  assigning,  and  marsTialling  coat 
armour,"  or  more  particularly  "  the  art  of  arranging  and  explaining  in  proper  terms 
all  that  relates  or  appertains  to  the  bearing  of  Arms,  Crests,  Badges,  Quarterings, 
and  other  hereditary  marks  of  honour."  The  marshalHng  of  processions,  tho 
conducting  of  public  solemnities,  the  declaring  of  peace  and  war,  come  also  within 
^<i  province  of  a  herald's  duties. 

The  origin  of  badges  and  emblems  may  certainly  be  traced  to  the  earliest  times, 
and  the  enthusiasm  of  some  of  the  primitive  writers  on  the  subject  has  led  them 
to  gravely  assert  that  even  Noah  and  Japhet  had  distinctive  armorial  bearings ! 
But  while  it  may  be  admitted  that  in  the  ancient  world  warlike  nations  bore  on  their 
shields  and  standards  distinguishing  devices,  it  is  not  clear  that  our  Heraldry  can 
in  strictness  be  traced  to  a  more  remote  period  than  the  twelfth  or,  at  furthest, 
the  eleventh  century.  Numerous  tombs  exist  of  persons  of  noble  blood,  who  died, 
before  the  year  1000,  yet  there  is  not  an  instance  known  of  one  with  a  heraldic 
bearing.  The  Pere  Menestrier  made  a  minute  and  extensive  search  through  France, 
Italy,  Germany,  and  Flanders,  and  the  most  ancient  Coat  of  Arms  he  was  able  to 
discover  was  that  upon  the  monumental  eflBgy  of  a  Count  of  Wasserburg,  in  the 
church  of  St.  Emeran,  at  Ratisbon  :  the  ensigns  were  "  Per  fess  ar.  and  sa.  a  lion 
rampant  counterchanged  ;  "  and  the  date  1010.  Yet  even  here  *'  there  is  good  reason 
to  believe,"  says  the  learned  Frenchman,  "  that  this  tomb  was  restored  some  time 
after  the  Count's  death  by  the  Monks  of  the  Abbey  he  had  endowed." 

Sir  John  Feme  is  of  opinion  that  the  science  was  borrowed  from  the  Egyptians. 
Sir  George  Mackenzie  ascribes  it  to  the  age  of  Charlemagne,  and  says  that  it  began 
and  grew  with  the  feudal  laws,  but  took  its  origin,  perhaps,  in  the  time  of  Jacob, 
who,  blessing  his  sons,  gave  them  marks  of  distinction,  which  the  twelve  tribes 
afterwards  bore  on  their  ensigns :  but  our  old  reliable  friend,  Guillim,  will  have  it 
that  Heraldry — as  a  science  in  England — cannot  go  back  to  an  earlier  epoch  than 
about  the  year  1200.  For  my  own  part,  I  consider  that  the  registry  of  its  birth  may 
be  found  among  the  archives  of  the  Holy  Wars,  that  its  cradle  was  rocked  by  the 
soldiers  of  the  Cross,  and  that  its  maturity  was  attained  in  the  chivalrous  age  of 
Feudalism. 

However,  at  the  trial  of  the  celebrated  controversy  between  Sir  Richard  Le  Scrope 
and  Sir  Robert  Grosvenor,  for  the  right  to  bear  the  arms  "  Az.  a  bend  or,"  held 
20th  August,  1385,  before  the  High  Constable  of  England  and  Sir  John  de  Multon, 
Deputy  to  the  Earl  Marshal,  and  adjourned  to  16th  May,  1386,  John  of  Gaunt,  Duko 
of  Lancaster,  deposed  that  the  said  arms  were  of  right  the  arms  of  Sir  Richard 
Le  Scrope,  and  his  ancestors  at  the  time  of  the  Conquest,  and  that  in  the  French 
wars,  under  Edward  III.,  one  Carminow  of  Cornwall,  challenged  Sir  Richard 
Le  Scrope's  right  to  the  same,  that  the  dispute  having  been  referred  to  six 
knights,  they  found  that  the  said  Carminow  was  descended  of  a  lineage  armed  "  Az. 
a  bend  or,"  since  the  time  of  King  Arthur,  and  that  the  said  Sir  Richard  Le  Scrope 
was  descended  of  a  right  line  of  ancestors  armed  with  the  same  arms  since  the 
time  of  King  William  the  Conqueror.  Owen  Glendower,  the  Welsh  Prince,  deposed 
at  the  trial  that  the  Grosveuors  bore  the  same  axaaa  fi-om  the  time  of  tha 
Conquest. 


VL 


HERALDRY. 


The  word  Heraldry  is  derived  from  the  German  «§eer,  a  host,  an  army — and  «§cli), 
a  champion ;  and  the  term  hlason,  by  which  the  science  is  denoted  in  French,  English, 
Itahan,  and  German,  has  most  probably  its  origin  in  the  German  word  Skgen,  "  to 
blow  the  horn."  Whenever  a  new  knight  appeared  at  a  Tournament,  the  herald 
Bonnded  the  trumpet,  and  as  the  competitors  attended  with  closed  vizors,  it  was  his 
duty  to  explain  the  bearing  of  the  shield  or  coat-armour  belonging  to  each.  Thua, 
the  knowledge  of  the  various  devices  and  symbols  was  called  Heraldry,  and  as  the 
announcement  was  accompanied  with  sound  of  trumpet,  it  was  termed  "  blazoning  the 
arms."  The  Germans  transmitting  the  word  to  the  French,  it  reached  us  after  the 
Norman  Conquest. 

At  first,  armorial  bearings  were  probably  like  surnames,  assumed  by  each  warrior 
at  his  free  will  and  pleasure  ;  and,  as  his  object  would  be  to  distinguish  himself  and 
his  followers  from  others,  his  cognizance  would  be  respected  by  the  rest,  either  out  of 
an  innate  courtesy  or  a  feeling  of  natural  justice  disposing  men  to  recognize  the  right 
of  first  occupation,  or  really  from  a  positive  sense  of  the  inconvenience  of  being 
identified  or  confounded  with  those  to  whom  no  common  tie  united  them.  Where, 
however,  remoteness  of  stations  kept  soldiers  aloof,  and  extensive  boundaries,  and 
different  classes  of  enemies  from  without,  subdivided  the  force  of  a  kingdom  into 
many  distinct  bands  and  armies,  opportunities  of  comparing  and  ascertaining  what 
ensigns  had  been  already  appropriated  would  be  lost,  and  it  well  might  happen,  even 
in  the  same  country,  that  various  families  might  be  found  unconsciously  using  the 
same  arms. 

It  has  long  been  a  matter  of  doubt  when  the  bearing  of  coats  of  arms  first 
became  hereditary.  The  Norman  tiles  engraved  in  Mr.  Henniker's  letter  to  the 
Society  of  Antiquaries,  were  supposed  to  have  fixed  the  date  at  the  period  of  the 
Norman  Conquest,  but  Mr.  Montagu  very  ably  argues  that  it  is  not  at  all  clear  that 
these  tiles  were  of  the  same  antiquity  as  "  the  Abbaye  aux  Hommes  at  Caen,"  in 
which  they  were  found  ;  indeed  he  seems  to  prove  quite  the  contrary.  Certain  it  is 
that  it  was  not  until  the  Crusades  that  Heraldry  came  into  general  use.  In  the 
History  of  Battell  Abbey,  Richard  Lucy,  Chief  Justice  temp.  Henry  II.,  is  reported  to 
have  blamed  a  mean  subject  for  carrying  a  private  seal,  when  that  pertained,  as  he  said, 
to  the  King  and  Nobility  alone.  Under  Edward  I.,  seals  of  some  sort  were  so  general, 
that  the  Statute  of  Exon  ordained  the  coroner's  jury  to  certify  with  their  respective 
signets,  and  in  the  following  reign  they  became  very  common,  so  that  not  only  such 
as  bore  arms  used  to  seal,  but  others  fashioned  signets,  taking  the  letters  of  their  own 
names,  flowers,  knots,  birds,  beasts,  &c.  It  was  afterwards  enacted  by  statute,  that 
every  freeholder  should  have  his  proper  seal  of  arms  ;  and  he  was  either  to  appear  at 
the  head  court  of  the  shire,  or  send  his  attorney  with  the  said  seal,  and  those  who 
omitted  this  duty  were  amerced  or  fined. 

The  earliest  Heraldic  document  that  has  been  handed  down  to  us  is  a  Roll  op 
Arms,  made  between  the  years  1240  and  1245.  It  contains  the  names  and  arms  of 
the  Barons  and  Knights  of  the  reign  of  Henry  HI.,  and  affords  incontrovertible 
evidence  of  the  fact  that  Heraldry  was  at  that  time  reduced  to  a  science.  It  is 
curious,  too,  as  indicating  the  changes  that  have  taken  place  between  a  period 
approximating  so  nearly  to  its  origin  and  the  present ;  and  invaluable,  as  offering 
contemporary  testimony  of  the  exact  bearings  of  the  ancestors  of  some  of  our  most 
distinguished  families.  This  important  manuscript  as  well  as  three  other  similar 
collections,  "  The  Siege  of  Carlaverock,"  "  A  Roll  of  Arms,  temp.  Edward  II.,"  and 
"  A  Roll  of  Arms,  temp.  Edward  III.",  were  published  by  the  late  Sir  Harris  Nicolas, 
accompanied  by  prefatory  remarks  and  occasional  notes. 

"  The  Sikge  of  Carlaverock  "  is  a  poem  descriptive  of  the  Banners  of  the  Peers 
and  Knights  of  the  English  army  who  were  present  at  the  siege  of  Carlaverock 
Castio  in  Scotland,  in  February,  1301. 

The  Roll  of  Arms  of  the  time  of  Edward  II.,  made  between  the  years  1308  and 
1314,  is  divided  into  counties,  and  comprises  the  names  and  arms  of  about  eleven 


HERALDRY.  vii 

hnndred  and  sixty  persons.      It  still  remains   in   the   Cottonian   Library,    British 
Museum  (Calig.  A.  xviii.). 

The  FoDETH  Roll,  temp.  Edward  III.,  appears  to  have  been  compiled  between 
the  years  1337  and  1350.      Its  plan  was  most  comprehensive,  embracing  the  arms  of 
aH  the  Peers  and  Knights  in  England,  arranged  in  the  following  order  : — 
I.  The  King,  the  Earls,  and  the  Barons. 
n.  The  Knights  under  their  respective  counties. 

III.  The  great  Personages  who  lived  in  earlier  times. 

Besides  these  Rolls,  other  collections  of  arms  have  been  published,  adding 
much  to  our  iuformation  on  the  subject.  In  these  ancient  rolls  Heraldry  first 
assumes  the  appearance  of  a  science,  and  it  would  seem  that  the  rules  by  which  it  is 
governed  then  existed. 

The  earliest  writer  on  the  subject,  whose  work  has  descended  to  us,  is  Nicholas 
Upton.  His  treatise  was  composed  in  the  reign  of  Henry  V.,  and  translated  in  that 
of  his  successor,  in  the  work  well  known  to  all  admirers  of  the  art  as  "  The  Boke  of 
St.  Albans."  With  the  decline  of  chivalry  the  study  of  Heraldry  was  neglected,  and 
the  exaggerated  dignity  to  which  Feme,  Mackenzie,  and  other  enthusiasts  endeavoured 
to  raise  it,  only  gained  for  it  contempt ;  but  a  taste  for  the  study  of  antiquities 
generally  has  gradually  revived ;  and  the  use  of  Heraldry  as  a  key  to  history  and 
biography  is  becoming  every  day  more  and  more  acknowledged,  not  only  in  England, 
but  throughout  Europe. 


RIGHT  TO  BEAR  ARMS. 

*'  Ensigns,''  says  a  learned  writer,  "  were,  in  their  first  acceptation,  taken  up  at 
any  gentleman's  pleasure,  yet  hath  that  liberty  for  many  ages  been  deny'd,  and  they, 
by  regal  authority,  made  the  rewards  of  merit  or  the  gracious  favours  of  princes." 

In  the  reign  of  Henry  V.  the  following  proclamation  issued,  prohibiting  the  use 
of  heraldic  ensigns  to  aU  who  could  not  show  an  original  and  valid  right,  except  those 
"  who  had  borne  arms  at  Agin  court :  "  "  Quod  nullus  cujuscunque  status,  gradus  sen 
conditionis  fnerit,  hujusmodi  arma  sive  tunicas  armorum  in  se  sumat,  nisi  ipse  jure 
antecessorio  vel  ex  donatione  alicujus  ad  hos  sufl3.cientem  potestatem  habentis,  ea 
possideat  aut  possidere  debeat,  et  quod  ipse  arma  sive  tunicas  illas  ex  cujus  dono 
obtinet,  demonstrationis  suae  personis  ad  hoc  per  nos  assignatis  manifeste  demonstret, 
exceptis  illis  qui  nobiscum  apud  helium  de  Agincourt  arma  portabant,  &c."  But, 
despite  the  royal  ordinance,  a  multiplicity  of  abuses  found  their  way  into  all  matters 
touching  descent  and  arms,  which  called  aloud  for  reformation,  and  gave  rise,  in  the 
early  part  of  the  sixteenth  century,  to  the  Heralds'  Visitations,  documents  of  high 
authority  and  value.  Royal  commissions  were  issued  under  the  Great  Seal  to  the  two 
Provincial  Kings  of  Arms,  Clarenceux  and  Norroy,  authorising  and  commanding  each, 
by  himself  or  his  deputy,  to  visit  the  whole  of  his  province  as  often  as  he  should  deem 
it  necessary,  to  summon  before  him  aU  those  who  bore  or  assumed  to  bear  arms  and 
were  styled  esquires,  to  cause  them  to  produce  authority  for  bearing  and  using  same, 
"  to  peruse  and  take  knowledge  of  aU  manner  of  coat  armour,  cognizances,  crests, 
and  other  like  devices,  with  the  notes  of  the  descents,  pedigrees,  and  marriages,  of  all 
the  nobility  and  gentry  therein  ;  and  also  to  reprove,  control  and  make  infamous  by 
proclamation,  all  such  as  unlawfully,  end  without  just  authority,  usurped  or  took  any 
name  or  title  of  honour  or  dignity."  In  these  documents  are  set  forth  the  principal 
hereditary  achievements  of  the  kingdom. 

All  persons  who  can  deduce  descent  from  an  ancestor  whose  armorial  ensigns  have 
been  acknowledged  in  any  one  of  the  Visitations,  are  entitled  to  carry  those  arms  by 
right  of  inheritance.  When,  however,  no  such  descent  can  be  shown,  the  party  must, 
if  it  be  possible,  prove  himself  to  be  descended  from  some  one  whose  right  has  been 
admitted ;  from  a  Grantee  ;  or,  in  fault  of  that  proof,  must  become  a  Grantee  himself. 


.^  HERALDRY. 

These  observations  apply  more  especially  to  the  usage  of  arms  in  England. 

In  Eno-land  and  "Wales,  Arms  are  granted,  nnder  the  authority  of  the  Eavl 
Marshal,  by  Grarter  and  one  of  the  Provincial  Kings,  according  to  his  jurisdic- 
tion. In  Scotland,  Lyon  King  of  Arms,  and  in  Ireland,  Ulster  King  of  Arms, 
have  the  sole  power  to  grant  or  confirm  Arms  in  their  respective  Kingdoms. 
In  consequence  of  the  disturbed  state  of  Ireland  towards  the  close  of  the  sixteenth 
and  nearly  all  through  the  seventeenth  century,  the  very  period  when  the  English 
Heralds  made  their  Visitations,  and  admitted  arms  to  all  who  proved  their  right,  it 
was  impossible  to  carry  out  Visitations  in  Ireland.  In  fact,  there  are  only  three  Irish 
Visitations  remaining  on  record,  viz.,  Dubhn  County,  1606 ;  DubHn  City,  1607  ; 
Wexford  County,  1618.  To  provide  for  this  want  of  Visitation,  Ulster  King  of 
Arms  has  authority  to  give  a  Confirmation  (with  some  slight  heraldic  difierence  to 
indicate  the  fact  of  its  being  a  Confirmation),  to  a  claimant  who  can  prove  to  his 
satisfaction  that  he,  the  claimant,  and  his  family  have  used  for  a  certain  number  of 
generations  the  said  arms  and  crest. 

BLAZON  OF  ARMS. 

Blazon,  or  Blason,  is  the  proper  technical  description  of  Armorial  Bearings, 
according  to  the  scientific  rules  of  Heraldry.  In  blazoning  a  coat  of  arms,  brevity 
is  to  be  studied,  and  tautology  avoided,  care  being  still  taken  to  give  a  minute 
description  of  every  bearing,  its  position,  place  on  the  shield,  tincture,  &c.  Though 
the  same  metal,  colour,  or  fur,  may  occur  more  than  once,  the  repetition  of  its  name 
should  be  scrupulously  guarded  against,  by  describing  the  charge,  which  happens 
to  be  of  a  tincture  already  mentioned,  as  of  the  first,  second,  or  third,  according  to 
the  relative  position  that  tincture  may  hold  in  the  blazon ;  for  example,  the  arms  of 
Preston  of  Furness  Abbey  are,  "Ar.  two  bars  gu.  on  a  canton  of  the  second  a 
cinquefoil  or."  In  this  blazon  the  colour  of  the  canton  is  described  of  the  second, 
to  obviate  the  repetition  of  the  word  "gu."  The  next  general  rule  to  be  observed 
is  to  begin  the  blazon  with  the  description  of  the  field,  its  tincture  or  tinctures, 
unless  it  is  divided  by  any  of  the  main  partitions  already  treated,  in  which  case  the 
descriptive  blazon  would  begin  as  perfess,per  pale,  per  saltire,  &c.  The  principal 
ordinary,  if  any,  should  next  be  described,  with  its  tincture,  &c. ;  and  then  the 
charges  around  it  generally,  giving  the  surcharges  upon  such  ordinary,  after  those 
between  which  it  is  borne ;  the  chief,  canton,  or  any  charge  placed  in  a  particular 
point  of  the  shield,  with  its  surcharges,  if  any,  being  generally  blazoned  last. 

If  a  coat  consists  of  two  tinctures  only,  it  is  blazoned,  as  in  the  arms  of  Lambton, 
*'  Sa.  a  fess  between  three  lambs  pass.  ar.  which  indicates  that  both  the  fess  and  lambs 
are  of  the  tincture  argent ;  when  the  last-mentioned  charge,  or  bearing,  is  of  the  same 
tincture  as  that  one  named  immediately  before  it,  and  yet  cannot  be  included  under 
ono  word,  it  is  necessary  to  describe  it  as  "  of  the  last :  "  thus,  in  the  arms  of 
DoEMER,  "  Az.  ten  billets,  four,  three,  two  and  one,  or,  on  a  chief  of  the  last  a  demi  lion 
ramp,  issuant  sa."     Of  the  last  is  used  to  prevent  a  repetition  of  "  or." 

If  there  be  two  sets  of  charges  of  equal  number  on  any  parts  of  the  shield,  or 
one  set  of  charges  on  an  ordinary  between  the  same  number  of  charges  on  the  shield, 
the  repetition  of  the  number  must  be  avoided,  by  describing  the  second  set  of  charges 
by  the  words  "  as  many."  Thus,  in  the  arms  of  Wilmot,  "  Ar.  on  a  fess  gu. 
between  three  eagles'  heads  erased  sa.  as  many  escallops  or :  tho  words  "  as  many  " 
prevent  the  repetition  of  the  number  "  three  "  in  this  example. 

When  charges  are  borne  without  the  interposition  of  the  ordinaries,  the  exact 
position  they  occupy  on  the  Bhic\d—fes sways,  or  in  fess,  if  in  line  across  the  field ; 
paleways,  or  in  pale,  if  perpendicular,  one  over  the  other ;  and  hendways,  or  in 
bend,  if  placed  diagonally  from  the  dexter  chief  to  the  sinister  base,  mast  bcdescribcd, 
as  well  OS  the  attitude  and  tinctures  of  such  charges,  e.g. 


HERALDRY.  ix 

"  Matjleverer  (Arncliffe,  co.  York).  Sa.  three  greyhounds  courant  in  pale  ar. 
collared  or :  "  in  pale  signifying  that  the  greyhounds  are  borne  perpendicularly  one 
above  the  other. 

When  charges  are  three,  whether  with  or  without  ordinaries,  the  usual  way 
they  are  borne  is  two  in  chief  and  one  in  base,  and  this  is  understood  without  being 
mentioned ;  but  if  they  be  not  so  placed,  or  exceed  the  number  three,  their  position 
must  be  specifically  described,  according  to  the  preceding  rule  ;  or  if  horizontal  rows, 
of  an  equal  or  unequal  number,  their  number,  &c.,  must  be  stated.  The  last  remark, 
the  arms  of  Brounckee  will  tend  to  elucidate,  viz. :  "  Ar.  six  pellets  in  pale,  three, 
two,  and  one,  a  chief  embattled  sa.,"  implying  that  the  six  pellets  are  borne  in  three 
rows,  three  in  the  uppermost,  two  in  the  second,  and  one  in  the  lowest. 


MARSHALLING  ARMS. 

Marshalling  arms  is  defined  by  Guillim  and  Mackenzie  to  be  "  the  conjoining  of 
two  or  more  coats  in  one  shield,"  or,  strictly  speaking,  the  proper  arrangement 
in  one  shield,  either  by  impaling  or  quartering,  of  two  or  more  ensigns, 

"  Impalikg  "  applies  to  the  method  of  using  the  wife's  arms,  and  is  usually  practised 
by  dividing  the  shield  into  two  equal  parts,  and  placing  the  husband's  arms  in  the 
dexter,  with  the  wife's  in  the  sinister.  When  there  happens  to  be  a  border  round 
one  or  both  of  them,  the  portion  of  the  border  where  the  two  coats  unite  is  omitted. 
There  are,  however,  two  rules  to  be  attended  to  : — 

No  husband  can  impale  his  wife's  arms  with  his  own  on  a  surcoat,  ensign,  or 
banner,  nor  can  a  Knight  of  the  Garter,  or  of  any  other  Order,  when  surrounding 
the  shield  with  the  motto  of  his  knighthood,  bear  his  wife's  coat  within  it ;  for,  saith 
Sandford,  although  the  husband  may  give  his  equal  half  of  her  escutcheon,  yet  he 
cannot  share  his  temporary  order  of  knighthood  with  her,  except  she  be  Sovereign 
of  the  Order.  This  restriction  is  not  allowed  by  Edmondson,  who  argues  that  there 
is  not  a  single  article  in  all  the  Statutes  of  the  Order,  that  debars  the  new-made 
knight  from  continuing  to  impale,  as  he  had  done  previously,  his  wife's  arms.  It  has 
always  struck  me  that  the  churlish  regulation  of  modern  heraldry,  which  precludes 
a  knight  from  bearing  his  wife's  arms  within  the  ribbon  or  collar  of  his  order,  is  an 
anomaly.  The  wife  of  a  knight  shares  the  precedence,  title,  and  dignity  of  her 
husband.  Why  then  should  she  be  debarred  participation  in  the  heraldic  bearings, 
and  the  beautiful  garter  that  encircles  them  ?  This  exclusion  is  not  of  ancient  date. 
The  old  Stall  Plates  of  the  Knights  aSbrd  proof  of  the  contrary,  and  gives  several 
instances  of  husband's  and  wife's  arms  impaled  within  the  Garter.  In  the  monu- 
ment at  Stanton  Harcourt  there  is  not  only  the  Garter  tied  round  Lady  Harcourt's 
left  arm,  but  at  the  head  of  the  tomb  appear  the  bearings  of  her  husband  impaling 
within  a  Garter  the  lady's  own  arms. 

If  a  man  marries  an  heiress  or  co-heiress,  instead  of  impaling  his  wife's  arms 
with  his  own  he  bears  them  on  an  escutcheon  of  pretence  in  the  centre  or  fess 
point  of  his  paternal  coat,  but  he  cannot  so  bear  them  during  the  lifetime  of  his 
wife's  father.  When  a  lady  who  is  an  heiress  dies  leaving  her  husband  surviving, 
his  right  to  bear  her  arms  on  an  escutcheon  of  pretence  ceases  ;  the  right  to  bear 
her  arms  descends  to  her  issue  to  be  borne  as  a  quartering.  A  man  cannot  bear  his 
wife's  arms  as  an  impalement  after  her  death :  he  must  bear  his  arms  as  before 
his  marriage,  otherwise  there  is  no  heraldic  mode  of  showing  that  his  wife  is  dead. 
The  case  differs,  however,  as  regards  a  widow :  whilst  she  remains  such,  she  is 
obliged  to  bear  the  arms  of  her  deceased  husband ;  and  I  am  inclined  to  think  that  a 
widower  should  continue  to  impale  or  otherwise  associate  his  late  wife's  arms  with 
his  own  if  there  was  issue  of  the  marriage.  A  husband  whose  wife  is  by  descent 
entitled  to  a  shield  of  quarteringa,  may  impale  all  the  qaartcrings  his  wife  is  entitled 
to  ;  bafc  this  is  not  usual. 


,  HERALDRY. 

If  a  commoner  marry  the  widow  of  a  peer  he  impales  only  the  arms  of  his  wife's 
father,  the  lady  on  a  subsequent  marriage  losing  all  right  to  any  armorial  bearings  of 
her  former  husband  or  husbands. 

Edward  III.  appears  to  have  been  the  first  that  quartered  arms  in  England, 
•when,  in  right  of  his  mother  Isabella,  daughter  and  heiress  of  Philip  IV.  of  France, 
he  assumed  the  arms,  Az.  semee-de-lis  or,  as  a  quartering  on  the  national  banner ; 
and  John  Hastings,  second  Earl  of  Pembroke,  was  the  first  subject  who  imitated  his 
royal  master's  example,  quartering,  Az.  six  lioncels  ramp,  ar.,  in  right  of  his  grand- 
mother, Julian,  daughter  of  Thomas  de  Leyburn,  and  heiress  of  William  de  Leyburne, 
summoned  to  Parliament  1299. 

The  intention  of  Quartering  is  to  show  the  descent  of  one  family  from  heiresses 
or  co-heiresses  of  other  houses,  and  to  exhibit  and  perpetuate  this  representation. 
Thus,  the  children  of  an  heiress  are  entitled,  at  her  death,  to  quarter  with  their 
paternal  coat  her  arms,  as  well  as  all  quarterings  which  she  may  have  inherited.  It 
must  be  borne  in  mind  that  an  heiress  or  co-heiress  in  Heraldry  is,  by  the  laws  of 
arms,  a  lady  who  is,  by  having  no  brother,  or  by  her  brother  or  brothers  having  died 
without  issue,  a  representative  in  blood  of  her  father,  and  that  thereby  she  transmits 
to  her  descendants  the  right  to  quarter  her  family  arms.  The  term  "  heiress  "  in 
Heraldry  does  not  apply  to  the  succession  to  property :  Andrew  Lynn,  Esq.,  of 
BalHnamona,  co.  Waterford,  disinherited  his  son,  and  bequeathed  his  estates  to  his 
daughter  Ann,  the  wife  of  Robert  Carew,  ancestor  of*  Lord  Carew  ;  her  descendants 
inherited  the  estates  so  bequeathed,  but  did  not  acquire  a  right  to  quarter  the 
arms  of  Lynn.  In  marshalling  quarterings,  the  first,  after  the  paternal  arms, 
is  the  shield  of  the  earliest  heiress,  which  the  bearer's  direct  ancestor  in  the 
male  line  has  married,  and  then  succeed  any  quarterings  her  descent  may  bring  in ; 
Tfith  the  second  heiress  the  same  rule  is  followed,  and  so  on,  in  chronological  rotation, 
to  the  end  of  the  chapter. 

When  a  daughter  becomes  heiress  or  co-heiress  to  her  mother  (also  an  heiress), 
and  not  to  her  father,  which  happens  when  the  father  marries  a  subsequent  wife, 
and  has  by  her  male  issue,  to  represent  him,  she  is  entitled  to  bear  the  maternal  coat 
with  the  arms  of  her  father  on  a  canton,  taking  all  the  quarterings  to  which  her 
mother  was,  by  descent,  entitled.  When  married,  she  conveys  the  whole  to  be 
borne  on  an  escutcheon  of  pretence,  and  transmits  them  at  her  death  to  be  borne  as 
quarterings  by  her  descendants,  the  paternal  canton  on  the  first  shield  still  indicating 
the  nature  of  the  representation. 

If  an  heiress  E.B.,  marry  first  F.G.,  and  have  a  son  R.G.,  and  marry  secondly 
H.I.,  and  have  by  her  second  husband  an  only  child,  a  daughter,  S.I.,  the  son  of 
this  lady  S.I.,  viz.,  T.N.,  would  quarter  the  arms  of  that  second  husband  as  well 
&3  the  arms  of  his  grandmother  E.B.  This  point  has  been  thus  settled  by  the 
Heralds'  College  in  London,  but  the  question  requires  farther  consideration  and 
adjudication  before  it  can  be  finally  admitted. 

The  following  sketch  wUl  illustrate  the  point: — 


A.  B.  =  C.D. 

1 

P.O., 

=  E.  B.,   =  H.  I., 

let  Husb. 

adau.  &     2nd  Husb. 

1 

heir. 

1 

R.  O., 

S.  I.,  =  M.  N. 

a  son. 
1 

an  only 
dau. 

lesae. 

T.  N., 

a  Bon,  who  claimB  to  quarter 

the  arms 

of  A.  B. 

An  ABcnBiSHOP  or  a  BfSHOP  impales  the  arms  of  his  See  with  his  family  arms, 


HERALDRY.  xi 

being,  if  I  may  so  expi-ess  it,  married  to  the  church,  the  arms  of  the  See  on  the 
dexter  side,  and  his  family  arms  on  the  sinister,  but  if  he  be  married,  he  does  not 
carry  his  wife's  arms  on  his  shield.  On  his  hatchment  he  uses  two  shields,  the  first  on 
the  dexter  side,  viz.,  the  arms  of  his  See  impaled  with  his  own  arms,  surmounted  with 
a  mitre,  the  second  on  the  dexter,  his  own  arms  impaled  with  his  wife's,  in  the  same 
way  as  knights  of  the  different  Orders. 

If  a  man  marry  a  widow,  he  impales  her  maiden  arms.  A  widower  entering  on 
a  second  marriage,  marshals  with  his  own  the  arms  only  of  his  second  wife.  He  is 
not,  according  to  the  laws  of  arms,  entitled  to  continue  the  usa^e  of  his  deceased 
wife's  ensigns. 


THE  SHIELD  OF  ARMS. 

According  to  the  received  authorities,  there  are  ten  classes  of  arms  : — 

1.  Arms  of  Dominion,  those  borne  by  Sovereigns  and  annexed  to  the  territories 
they  govern. 

2.  Arms  of  Pretension,  used  by  Sovereigns  who  are  not  in  possession  of  the 
dominions  to  which  such  arms  belong,  but  who  claim,  or  pretend  a  right  to  them. 
Thus  the  Kings  of  England  from  Edward  III.  to  George  III.  quartered  the  arms  of 
France. 

3.  Arms  op  Community,  those  of  bishoprics,  universities,  cities,  and  other 
corporate  bodies. 

4.  Arms  op  Assumption,  adopted  without  the  grant  of  the  Sovereign  or  of  a 
King-of-Arms,  and  used  as  a  proper  right.  For  instance,  if  a  prince  or  nobleman  be 
taken  prisoner  in  lawful  war,  the  victor  may  bear  the  arms  of  the  person  so  taken, 
and  transmit  them  to  his  heirs. 

5.  Arms  of  Alliance  :  these  are  adopted  by  families  or  private  persons,  and 
are  joined  with  their  ovra  heraldic  bearings  to  denote  the  alliance  which  they  have 
contracted  by  marriage.  Arms  of  this  description  are  impaled,  or  are  borne  in  an 
escutcheon  of  pretence  by  those  who  have  married  heiresses.  But  the  latter  arrange- 
ment (that  of  the  separate  escutcheon)  is  not  allowed  until  the  death  of  the  father  of 
the  lady. 

6.  Arms  of  Adoption  are  borne  by  a  stranger  in  blood,  and  are  specially  granted 
by  the  Sovereign  to  empower  the  person  applying  for  them  to  obtain  certain  moneys 
or  estates  bequeathed  on  the  condition  of  his  assuming  the  name  and  arms  of  the 
testator. 

7.  Arms  op  Concession  or  Honourable  Augmentation  are  peculiar  marks  of 
honour  granted  by  the  Sovereign  for  some  act  deserving  of  royal  approbation. 

8.  Arms  Paternal  and  Hereditary  are  those  transmitted  from  the  first 
possessor  to  his  heirs  ;  the  son  being  a  gentleman  of  second  coat  armour ;  the  grand- 
son a  gentleman  of  blood  ;  and  the  great-grandson  a  gentleman  of  ancestry. 

The  Shield  admits  of  various  forms,  and  is  divided  into  nine  integral  parts  to- 
mark  the  position  of  the  several  charges,  but  I  shall  only  here  allude  to  the  relative 
positions  of  the  principal  parts. 

First,  it  is  to  be  observed,  that  the  side  of  the  escutcheon  opposite  the  left  hand 
of  the  person  looking  at  it,  is  the  dexter,  or  right  side,  and  that  opposite  to  the  right 
hand,  the  sinister,  or  left.  The  centre  of  the  shield  is  called  the  fess  point ;  the  top  of 
the  dexter  side,  the  dexter  chief ;  the  top  of  the  sinister  side,  the  sinister  chief. 
The  hottom  of  the  shield  is  called  the  hose,  and  its  respective  sides  are  called  the 
dexter  and  sinister  base. 

The  Colours  common  to  shields  and  their  bearings  are  called  tinctures,  and  are 
of  seven  different  kinds ;  two  metaLs  and  five  colours,  viz.,  or,  gold ;  argent,  silver  j 
azuTGy  blue ;  gules,  red ;  vert,  green ;  purpure,  purple ;  and  scMe,  black.     Some  writers 


^  HERALDRY. 

on  the  science  admit  two  additional,  tawney,  or  tenec,  orange ;  and  sanguine,  blood 
colour ;  but  they  are  rarely  to  be  met  with  in  British  Arms. 

When  natural  objects  are  introduced  into  Heraldry,  they  are  often  represented  in 
their  ordinary  colours,  and  this  is  expressed  by  the  term  proper. 

A  shield  is  said  to  be  quartered  when  it  is  divided  into  four  equal  parts  by 
horizontal  and  perpendicular  lines  crossing  the  centre  ;  that  at  the  top  of  the  dexter 
side  is  called  the  first  quarter ;  the  top  of  the  sinister  side  is  called  the  second  quarter  ; 
the  tTiird  quarter  is  at  the  bottom  of  the  dexter  side,  and  the  bottom  of  the  sinister 
side  is  the  fourth  quarter.  When  the  shield  is  divided  into  two  equal  parts  by  a 
perpendicular  line,  it  is  called  impaling  :  the  dexter  being  the  man's  side,  the  sinister 
the  woman's.  Dividing  the  shield  into  two  equal  parts  by  a  horizontal  line  is  called 
per  f ess. 

Charges  arc  the  various  figures  depicted  on  shields,  by  which  the  bearers  are 
distinguished  from  one  another. 

All  charges  of  Arms  are  either  proper  or  common ;  those  charges  are  said  to  be 
proper  which  by  a  certain  property  do  particularly  belong  to  the  Art  of  Heraldry,  and 
are  of  ordinary  use  therein  :  hence  they  are  styled  "  Ordinaeies  :"  the  common  charges 
are  the  representations  of  all  the  emblems  which  retain  their  own  names  in  the  blazon. 
The  principal  Ordinaries  are — the  Chief,  the  Pale,  the  Bend,  the  Fess,  the  Cross, 
the  Saltire,  and  the  Chevron.  The  Sub-Ordinaries  are — the  Border,  the  Orle,  the 
Inescdtcheon,  the  Quarter,  the  Canton,  the  Paile  or  Pall,  the  Gyeon,  the  Pile,  the 
Flaunch,  &c. 

Differences,  or  Marks  of  Cadency,  are  the  distinctions  used  to  indicate  the 
various  branches  or  cadets  of  one  family.  The  eldest  son  (during  the  lifetime  of  his 
father)  bears  a  Label  ;  the  second,  a  Crescent  ;  the  third,  a  Mullet  ;  the  fourth, 
a  Martlet  ;  the  fifth,  an  Annulet  ;  the  sixth,  a  Fleur-de-lis  ;  the  seventh,  a 
Rose  ;  the  eighth,  a  Cross-Moline  ;  the  ninth,  a  double  Quatrefoil. 

The  mode  of  using  these  marks  of  cadency,  as  practised  by  the  Heralds'  College, 
London,  and  Ulster's  Office,  Dublin,  is  to  carry  them  down  to  the  third  generation. 
There  is  no  rule  as  to  the  colours  of  cadency  marks  except  one,  the  label  of  three 
points  must  not  be  argent  except  for  the  Royal  Family  ;  but  the  same  heraldic  rule 
applies  to  these  marks  as  to  ordinary  heraldic  charges,  colour  cannot  lie  on  colour,  or 
metal  on  metal. 

If  a  younger  son,  say  a  third  son,  who  bears  a  mullet  for  difference,  assume  by 
Royal  Licence  an  additional  surname,  in  addition  to  and  after  his  own  surname,  and 
the  arms  belonging  to  that  assumed  surname,  which  would  consequently  be  borne  in 
the  first  quarter  of  his  escutcheon,  it  is  not  necessary  for  him  to  continue  the 
mark  of  cadency,  as  the  compound  coat  is  sufficient  to  distinguish  him  from  the 
head  of  the  family  -,  if,  however,  he  wish  to  use  the  mark  of  cadency,  it  should  bo 
borne  in  the  fess  point  of  the  compound  coat. 


ATTITUDES  OR  POSITIONS  OF  ANIMALS,  BIRDS,  AND  FISHES. 

When  a  lion  or  other  beast  of  prey  stands  upright,  with  only  one  ear  and  one 
eye  seen,  with  the  head  in  profile,  he  is  termed  rampant;  when  walking  forward, 
with  one  eye  and  ear  seen,  passant ;  when  sitting,  sejant ;  when  lying  down,  couchant. 
If  in  any  one  of  these  positions  the  animal  look  full  face,  so  that  both  eyes  and 
cars  may  be  seen,  the  word  guardant  is  annexed  to  passant,  rampant,  sejant,  or 
couchant,  a.s  the  case  may  be ;  and  if  he  look  back,  the  word  reguardant.  An 
animal  is  salient  when  leaping  forwards  bendways  and  having  both  the  hind  legs  in 
the  same  position. 

To  griffins  the  term  segreant  is  given,  in  place  of  rampant.  Animals  of  the  deer 
kind  have  their  positions  otherwise  blazoned.     Thus,  when  looking  full-faced,  they 


HERALDRY.  xiii 

are  said  to  be  at  gaze;  vfhen  standing,  statant ;  when  walking,  tripping;  when 
leaping  forward,  springing ;  when  rnnning,  courant ;  and  when  at  rest  on  the  ground, 
lodged. 

A  horse  when  running  is  blazoned  courant,  or  in  full  speed;  when  leaping, 
salient,  cahre,  or  effray ;  when  rearing,  forcene,  but  these  three  last  terms  are  very 
seldom  met  with. 

Birds  are  blazoned,  when  standing  with  their  wings  down,  close;  when  preparing 
to  fly,  rising;  when  flying,  volant;  when  spread  open,  with  both  wings  stretched 
out,  and  their  breasts  seen,  displayed.  The  wings  open  and  against  each  other  are 
called  indorsed.  Two  wings  conjoined  and  expanded  are  calle  a  vol.  One  wing  is  a 
demivol. 

Fishes,  when  placed  horizontally,  are  naiant ;  when  perpendicularly,  hauriant ; 
when  drawn  in  an  arched  form  like  a  dolphin,  they  are  embowed. 

Any  heraldic  figure  placed  on  or  apparently  emanating  from  an  ordinary  or 
other  charge  is  called  issuant.  The  term  jessant  is  applied  either  to  a  general  issuing 
of  one  charge  from  another,  as  "a  chevron  jessant-de-lis,"  or  to  the  common 
device  of  a  leopard's  or  lion's  head  "jessant-de-lis."  A  fish  or  amphibious  creature 
is  described  as  naissant  from  an  ordinary  when  any  portion  of  the  body  with  the  tail 
is  seen.     A  serpeat  placed  horizontally  is  said  to  be  gliding. 


CRESTS,  TORCES  OS  WREATHS,  AND  BADGES. 

The  Crest  yields  in  honour  to  none  of  the  heraldic  insignia.  It  was  the  emblem 
that  served,  when  the  banner  was  rent  asunder,  and  the  shield  broken,  as  a  rallying 
point  for  the  knight's  followers,  and  a  distinguishing  mark  of  his  own  prowess.  The 
Crest,  named  by  the  French  Cimier,  from  Cime,  the  top  or  apex,  and  by  the  Italians 
Gimiero,  originated  in  the  necessity  of  distinguishing  one  chief  from  another,  and 
making  him  known  in  the  battle-field  and  the  tournament ;  consequently,  no  crest  is 
ever  allowed  to  a  female.  As  early  as  the  yesir  1101,  a  seal  of  Philip,  Count  of 
Flanders,  represents  him  with  his  crest ;  but  at  that  period,  and  for  a  century  and  a 
half  after,  few  of  lesser  degree  than  sovereigns  and  commanders  in  the  wars  ventured 
to  carry  this  mark  of  distinction.  The  first  example  of  a  crest  upon  the  helmet 
among  English  sovereigns  occurs  in  the  second  great  seal  of  Richard  Coeur  de  Lion. 
The  helmet  has  several  vertical  openings  in  front,  and  upon  the  top  is  placed  a 
golden  lion  guardant.  The  seal,  too,  of  Roger  de  Quincy,  Earl  of  Winchester,  one  of 
the  holy  warriors  of  the  reign  of  Henry  III.,  exhibits  on  a  cylindrical  casque  a 
dragon  as  a  device.  After  the  institution,  however,  of  the  Garter,  the  knights  o£ 
that  illustrious  order  adopted  crests,  and  the  practice  soon  became  so  general, 
that  these  emblems  were  assumed  indiscriminately,  by  all  those  who  considered 
themselves  legally  entitled  to  a  coat  armour.* 

At  their  first  adoption,  crests  were  usually  assumed  from  some  charge  in  the 
shield ;  and  thus,  in  very  many  ancient  houses,  we  find  the  crest  a  mere  emanation  of 
the  arms.  Little  information  remains  to  us  of  the  crests  borne  by  the  early  nobility ; 
aud  the  little  we  do  possess  we  owe  to  monumental  effigies  and  illuminated  manu- 
scripts. Froissart,  in  particular,  affords  many  curious  examples.  Nisbet  and  some 
other  writers  contend  that  these  heraldic  ornaments  might  be  changed  according  to 
the  good  pleasure  of  the  bearer,  but  this  has  long  been  forbidden  by  the  Kings  of 
Arms.     If  crests  be  the  distinguishing  tokens  by  which  families  may  be  known  (and 

•  The  monument  of  Sir  Oliver  de  Ingham,  in  Ingham  church,  Norfolk,  who  lived  temp.  Edward 
m.,  "affords,"  says  Meyrick,  "one  of  the  earliest  specimens  of  the  jousting  helmet  of  his  times,  sur- 
mounted by  its  crest ;  and  the  sepulchral  effigy  of  Sir  John  Harsick  is  a  remarkable  example  of 
English  armour  towards  the  close  of  the  reign  of  the  second  Richard.  The  knight  is  represented 
with  his  helmet  on,  over  his  coat  of  chained  mail,  so  as  to  display  the  mode  of  wearing  the  crest  and 
the  muntle." 


:riv  HERALDRY. 

this  seems  mcsf;  assuredly  to  be  the  intention  of  the  device),  one  might  as  well  alter 
a  coat  of  arms  as  an  hereditary  crest.  Still,  however,  circumstances  may  arise  in 
•which  a  change  becomes  desirable ;  but  this  should  never  be  made  on  slight  or 
•unimportant  grounds.  In  early  times,  Thomas  Mowbray,  Duke  of  Norfolk,  Earl 
Marshal  of  England,  was,  by  the  special  concession  of  Richard  II.,  allowed  to  carry 
the  crest  of  England — "  the  lion  passant  guardant  or ; "  and  John  Howard,  in  a 
subsequent  reign,  having  married  the  daughter  and  heiress  of  Mowbray,  substituted 
for  the  old  crest  of  Howard,  viz.,  "  two  wings,  each  charged  with  the  family  arms," 
the  new  but  honourable  cognizance  of  the  golden  lion. 

No  one  is  entitled  to  more  than  one  crest  unless  he  bears  two  surnames,  or  has 
received  the  additional  device  by  a  specific  grant.  The  Germans,  indeed,  have  long 
been  accustomed  to  display  in  a  row  over  their  shields  of  arms  the  crests  of  all  the 
houses  whose  ensigns  they  quarter ;  but  their  heraldry  is  peculiar,  differing  from  that 
of  the  other  countries  of  Europe.  In  truth,  the  impropriety  of  the  practice  of 
carrying  more  than  one  crest  is  remarkably  striking,  if  we  consider  for  a  moment  the 
purpose  for  which  these  cog^nizances  were  first  designed. 

Originally  crests  were  carved  in  light  wood,  or  made  of  boiled  leather  passed 
into  a  mould,  in  the  form  of  some  animal  real  or  fictitious,  and  were  fastened  to  the 
helmet  by  the  torce  or  wreath,  which  was  formed  of  two  pieces  of  silk,  "  twisted 
together  by  the  lady  who  chose  the  bearer  for  her  knight."  The  tinctures  of  the 
•wreath  are  always  those  of  the  principal  metal  and  colour  of  the  arms  ;  and  it  is  a  rule  iu 
delineating  the  -wreath  (shown  edgewise  above  the  shield)  that  the  first  coil  shall  be 
of  the  metal,  and  the  last  of  the  colour  of  which  the  achievement  is  constituted. 
Such  are  the  wreaths  in  general  use.  In  depicting  arms  the  wreath  consists  of  six 
twists  ;  when  the  crest  is  placed  on  a  cap  of  maintenance,  or  on,  or  issuing  out  of  a 
ducal  or  other  crown,  the  wreath  is  not  borne.  The  colours  and  metals  of  Liveries  are 
governed  by  the  tinctures  of  the  wreath,  or  in  its  absence  by  the  principal  metal  and 
colour  of  the  arms ;  thus,  if  the  principal  metal  of  the  arms  be  argent,  the  buttons 
and  lace  of  the  livery  is  silver ;  if  or,  they  are  gilt.  The  cloth  is  blue,  red,  black,  or 
green,  according  to  the  prevailing  colour  in  the  arms  ;  if  the  colour  be  red,  the  colour 
of  the  livery  may  be  modified  to  claret  colour ;  if  the  field  of  the  arms  be  a  metal, 
and  the  charge  an  animal  of  its  proper  colour,  and  no  other  colour  depicted  in  the 
arms,  the  colour  of  the  livery  should  follow  as  near  as  possible  the  proper  colour  of 
the  charge.     The  most  usual  colour  used  in  such  cases  is  brown. 

Crests  have  sometimes,  but  very  improperly,  been  confounded  with  "  badges," 
altogether  distinct  de-vices,  intended  to  distinguish  the  retainers  of  certain  great 
noblemen,  and  wrought  or  sewn  upon  the  liveries  with  which  they  were  supplied  by 
their  lord.  The  badge  appeared  also  emblazoned  on  the  chief's  standard  or  pennon,  and 
was  much  esteemed  until  the  reign  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  when  the  last  brilliant  relics  of 
the  feudal  system — the  joust,  the  tournament,  and  all  their  accompanying  parapher- 
nalia— fell  into  disuse.  Henry  II.  bore  an  escarbuncle  or ;  and  also  introduced  the 
famous  badge  borne  so  constantly  by  his  successors,  of  the  broom  sprig  or  Planta 
Gcnistffi  ("  II  portait  ung  Gennett  entre  deux  Plantes  de  Geneste  ")  ;  and  his  son, 
Richard  I.,  on  assuming  the  title  of  King  of  Jerusalem,  hoisted  the  banner  of  the 
Holy  City — the  dormant  lion  of  Judah — the  badge  of  David  and  Solomon.  Edward  I. 
had  a  rose,  stalk  green  and  petals  gold.  Edward  II.  commemorated  his  Castilian 
descent  by  the  badge  of  a  gold  tower.  Edward  III.  bore  "  silver  clouds  with  rays 
descending."  Richard  H.  adopted  the  white  hart,t  the  device  of  his  mother,  the 
Fair  Maid  of  Kent,  and  used  besides  a  Wliite  Falcon;  and  his  successor,  Henry  IV., 

t  "  Among  the  few  friends  who  attended  Richard  H.  after  his  capture  by  the  Earl  of  Northum- 
berland, was  Jenico  d'Artois,  a  Qascoigno,  that  etill  wore  the  cognizance  or  device  of  his  master,  King 
Bichard,  that  is  to  say,  a  white  hart,  and  would  put  it  away  from  him  neither  by  persuasion  nor 
throats ;  by  reason  whereof,  when  the  Duke  of  Lancaster  understood  it,  ho  caused  him  to  be 
committed  to  prison,  within  the  Castle  of  Chester.  This  man  was  the  last  (as  saith  mine  author)  which 
wore  that  device,  which  showed  well  thereby  his  constant  heart  towards  his  master." —  Holmshed. 


HERALDRY. 


XV 


introduced  the  red  rose  of  Lancaster,  which  became  ever  after  the  badge  of  tho 
Lancastrians,  as  opposed  to  the  white  rose  of  Tork.  He  also  had  for  cognizance  tho 
antelope,  as  well  as  the  silver  swan  of  the  De  Bohnns.  When  he  entered  the 
lists  against  Mowbray,  Duke  of  Norfolk,  his  caparisons  were  embroidered  with 
the  antelope  and  swan.  Henry  of  Agincourt  carried  a  beacon  and  fleur-de-lis 
crowned.  "  The  white  rose,  en  soleil,"  denotes  the  fourth  Edward,  and  "  the  white 
boar,"  the  third  Richard.  Henry  VI.  had  for  badge  a  Panther,  and  also  two  ostrich 
feathers  in  saltire,  one  silver,  the  other  gold.  His  Queen,  Margaret  of  Anion, 
adopted  a  "  daisy,"  in  allusion  to  her  name : 

"  The  daise  a  floure  white  and  rede, 
In  French  called  la  belle  Margarete." 

Henry  VII.  carried  "  the  red  dragon  "  of  Wales,  and  also  the  porfccnllis  as  well  as  the 
red  and  white  roses  combined,  emblematic  of  the  union  of  the  rival  houses.  "  In  the 
marriage  procession  of  Henry  Tudor  and  Elizabeth  of  York,"  says  an  agreeable  writer, 
*'  each  partizan  of  Lancaster  gave  his  hand  to  a  lady  of  the  York  party,  holding  a 
bouquet  of  two  roses,  red  and  white  entwined ;  and  at  the  birth  of  Prince  Henry, 
the  armorists  composed  a  rose  of  two  colours  (the  leaves  alternating  red  and  white), 
as  an  emblematical  offspring  of  the  marriage.  Horticulturists,  too,  forced  nature 
into  an  act  of  loyalty,  and  produced  a  psirty-coloured  flower  known  to  the  present  day 
as  the  rose  of  York  and  Lancaster." 

The  same  cognizances  were  used  by  Henry  VIII,  and  Edward  VI.,  the  former 
of  whom  displayed  sometimes  a  greyhound  courant  and  collared ;  and  at  others,  after 
the  seige  of  Boulogne,  a  white  swan,  the  arms  of  that  city.  Queen  Mary,  before 
Ler  accession,  adopted  the  red  and  white  roses,  but  added  a  pomegranate,  to  show 
her  descent  from  Spain ;  but,  on  assuming  the  sceptre,  she  took  "  Winged  Time 
drawing  Truth  out  of  a  pit,"  with  "Veritas  temporis  filia"  for  motto.  The  badges 
of  Queen  Elizabeth  were  the  red  and  white  roses,  the  fleur-de-lis,  and  the  Irish  harp, 
all  ensigned  by  the  royal  crown,  to  which  James  I.  added  the  Scottish  thistle.  Many 
of  the  greater  nobility  followed  the  royal  example ;  Beauchamp  had  "  the  bear  and 
ragged  stafE ;  "  FitzAlan,  "  the  white  horse  of  Arundel ; "  Vere,  "  the  blue  boar ;  " 
Percy,  "  the  crescent  and  manacle ; "   Stafford  and  Bourchier,  *'  the  knot," 

THE  MOTTO. 

The  Motto  is,  according  to  Guillim,  "a  word,  saying,  or  sentence  which  gentle- 
men carry  in  a  scroll  under  the  arms,  and  sometimes  over  the  crest."  It  had  its 
origin,  most  probably,  in  the  "  cri  de  guerre,"  or  the  watchword  of  the  camp,  and  its 
use  can  be  traced  to  a  remote  period.  Camden  assigns  the  reign  of  Henry  III.  as  the 
date  of  the  oldest  motto  he  ever  met  with,  that  of  William  de  Ferrers,  Earl  of  Derby, 
who  encircled  his  shield  with  the  legend,  "  Lege,  lege ; "  and  the  same  antiquary 
mentions  the  old  seal  of  Sir  Thomas  Cavall,  who  bore  for  his  arms  a  horse,  and  for 
Lis  motto,  "  Thom8B  credite,  cum  cernitis  ejus  equum."  Other  authorities,  however, 
refer  to  several  cases,  that  of  Trafibrd  of  Trafford  in  particular,  and  carry  up  the 
mottoes  to  a  much  earlier  epoch.  Be  this  as  it  may,  their  general  usage  may  be 
accurately  dated,  if  not  from  an  earlier  period,  certainly  from  the  institution  of  the 
0»der  of  the  Garter ;  and  after  that  celebrated  event  they  became  very  general,  and 
daily  gained  in  public  favour.  During  the  wars  of  Henry  V.,  Henry  VI.,  and 
Henry  VIII.,  innumerable  mottoes  graced  the  shields  of  the  waniors  of  the  time, 
and  in  the  courtly  days  of  Queen  EUzabeth  devices  were  especially  fashionable. 

Mottoes  may  be  taken,  changed,  or  relinquished,  when  and  as  often  as  the  bearer 
thinks  fit,  and  may  be  exactly  the  same  as  those  of  other  persons.  Still,  however^ 
the  pride  of  ancestry  will  induce  most  men  to  retain,  unaltered,  the  time-honoured 
sentiment  which,  adopted  in  the  first  instance  as  the  memorial  of  some  noble  action, 
some  memorable  war-cry,  or  a  record  of  some  ancient  family  descent,  has  been  handed 
down  from  sire  to  son  through  a  long  series  of  generations. 


xn 


HERALDRT. 


"  Montjoye  Sfc.  Denis  "  was  the  cri  de  guerre  of  the  French  kings,  "  St.  Andrew  '* 
of  the  Scottish  monarchs,  and  "St.  George  for  merry  England,"  of  the  English. 
"  Dieu  ayde  au  premier  Chretien  "  rallied  the  Montmorencys  ;  and  "  A  Douglas  !  a 
Dono-las !  "  was  not  infrequently  heard  on  the  English  borders,  in  answer  to  the 
Percy  "  Esperance." 

The  same  conceit,  as  in  Heraldic  Bearings,  of  accommodating  the  motto  to  the 
name,  has  prevailed  occasionally  either  in  Norman-French  or  Latin :  thus  we  have 
"  Mon  Dieu  est  ma  roche,"  for  Roche,  Lord  Fermoy ;  "Let  Curzon  holde  what  Curzon 
helde,"  for  Curzon;  "  Strike  Dakyns,  the  devil's  in  the  hempe,"  for  Dakyns ;  "  Cavendo 
tutus,"  for  Cavendish  ;  "  Forte  scutum  salus  ducum,"  for  Fortesnue  ;  "  Set  on,"  for 
Seton,  Earl  of  Winton;  "Ne  vile  velis,"  for  Neville  ;  "  Vero  nihil  verius,"  for  Vere;  aud 
♦'  Ver  non  semper  viret,"  for  Vernon. 

How  admirably  suited  is  "  Pro  magna  charta  "  to  the  Premier  Barony,  Le  Des- 
pencer ;  and  how  plaintive  is  the  expressive  motto  adopted  by  the  oace  regal 
Courtenays  of  Powderham,  after  the  loss  of  the  Earldom  of  Devon,  "  Ubi  lapsus  f 
quid  feci?"  The  "  Fuimus  "  of  the  Earl  of  Elgin  tells  that  the  Bruces  were  once 
Kings ;  and  the  "  Crom  a  boo  "  of  the  Geraldines  recalls  the  time  when  an  Act  of 
Parliament  made  it  treason  to  repeat  that  famous  war-cry. 

Mottoes  are  also  frequently  allusive  to  the  arms  and  crests,  and  very  often 
commemorative  of  some  deed  of  chivalry.  With  reference  to  "  the  Hedgehog,"  the  crest 
of  the  Kyrles  of  Herefordshire,  the  family  of  "  the  Man  of  Ross,"  is  the  inscription 
"  Nil  moror  ictus  "  (I  do  not  care  for  blows)  ;  the  Gores,  whose  ensigns  comprise  the 
cross  crosslet,  have  "  In  hoc  signo  vinces."  "  Caen,  Cressie,  Calais,"  the  motto  of 
the  Radclyffes,  commemorates  the  services  of  Sir  John  Radclyffe,  Knt.,  of  Ordsali, 
at  the  seiges  of  Caen  and  Calais,  and  at  the  battle  of  Cressy ;  and  "  Boulogne  et  Cadiz," 
borne  by  the  Heygate  family,  records  the  presence  of  their  ancestor  at  those  famous 
seiges. 

"  Grip  Fast,"  the  device  of  the  Leslies,  has  remained  unchanged  since  the  time 
of  Margaret,  Qaeen  of  Scotland,  by  whom  it  was  given  to  Bartholomew  Leslie,  the 
founder  of  the  family,  under  the  following  circumstances  : — In  crossing  a  river, 
swollen  by  floods,  the  Queen  was  thrown  from  her  horse,  and  in  danger  of  being 
drowned,  when  the  knight,  plunging  into  the  stream,  seized  hold  of  the  royal  girdle, 
and  as  he  brought  her  with  difficulty  towards  the  bank,  she  frequently  exclaimed, 
*'  Grip  fast,"  words  which  she  desired  her  preserver  to  retain  for  his  motto,  in 
remembrance  of  this  circumstance. 

The  traditionary  origin  of  "Lamh  dearg  Erin  "  (the  Red  Hand  of  Ireland),  the 
motto  of  the  O'Neills,  is  this  : — In  an  ancient  expedition  of  some  adventurers  to 
Ireland,  their  leader  declared  that  whoever  first  touched  the  shore  should  possess  the 
territory  which  he  reached.  The  ancestor  of  the  O'Neills,  Princes  of  Ulster,  bent 
upon  obtaining  the  reward,  and  seeing  another  boat  likely  to  land,  cut  his  hand  o£E 
and  threw  it  upon  the  coast. 

Many  mottoes  are  allusive  either  to  a  portion  of  the  heraldic  bearings,  or  to  the- 
family  surname.  "  Leoni  non  sagittis  fido,"  I  trust  to  the  lion  not  to  the  arrows,  is  that 
of  the  Egertons,  whose  shield  exhibits  a  lion  between  three  pheons  ;  and  the  Martins 
use  these  singular  words ;  "  He  who  looks  at  Martin's  ape,  Martin's  ape  shall  look  at 
him  !  "  having  reference  to  their  crest,  of  "  an  ape  observing  himself  in  a  looking- 
glass."  The  AiTONs  of  Kippo,  a  branch  of  Aiton,  of  that  Ilk,  adopted  for  mottOr 
"  Et  decerptoo  dabunt  odorem,"  an  elegant  allusion  to  their  crest  of  "a  rose  bough 
ppr,"  and  of  their  being  an  offshoot  of  the  parent  stem. 

The  generality  of  mottoes,  however,  are  expressive  of  sentiments  of  piety,  hope, 
or  determination. 

Many  of  the  most  ancient  houses  in  Scotland,  Ireland,  and  Wales,  adopted  for 
their  motto  the  slogan  or  war-cry  of  their  sept,  which  was  sometimes  derived  from  the 
name  of  the  chieftain's  feudal  castle  ;  thus  Colquhoun  of  Luss  bears  "  Cnockelachan  ;  " 
Fitz- Gerald  of  Lcinster,  "  Crom  a  boo  ;  "  and  Ilughss  of  Gwerclas,  "  Kymmer-yu- 


HERALDRY.  xvi. 

Edeirnion."  The  descendants  of  Irish  families  also  adopted  the  war-cry  of  their 
septs  as  mottoes ;  thus  O'Brien,  "  Lamh  laidir  an  nachtar,"  The  strong  hand  upper- 
most, "Lamh  dearg  Erin,"  The  red  hand  of  Ireland;  O'Hagan,  "  Buadh  no  has," 
Victory  or  death ;  O'Donovan,  "  GioUa  ar  a-namhuid  a-bu,"  A  man  over  his  enemy 
for  ever;  O'Gorman,  "  Tosach  catha  agus  deineadh  Slvc,'"  First  in  battle  and  fierce  in 
slaughter;  O'Doinn,  "  MuUach  a-bu,"  The  tops  of  the  mountains  for  ever,  &c.,  &c. 
Mottoes  not  infrequently  indicate  the  antiquity  and  derivation  of  the  families  by 
whom  they  are  borne.  In  "  Loywl  as  thow  fynds,"  we  recognise  the  Saxon  origin  of 
the  Tempests  of  Tong,  and  in  "  Tou^-s  jours  prest,"  the  Norman  ancestry  of  the 
Talbots  of  Bashall :  but  this  rule  is  far  from  being  general :  many  families  of  Norman 
origin  used  English  mottoes  at  a  very  early  period,  as  Darell  of  Calehill,  "  Trow  to 
you." 


CROWNS,  CORONETS,  CHAPEAUX,  HELMETS,  AND  MANTLES. 

Crowns  were  not  originally  marks  of  sovereignty,  but  were  bestowed  on  those 
who  gained  a  prize  at  the  Olympic  games,  and  at  first  were  only  bands  or  fillets,  but 
subsequently  they  assumed  various  forms  according  to  the  peculiar  feat  of  valour  the 
person  to  whom  they  were  granted  performed. 

The  Crown,  a  distinctive  badge  of  royalty,  was  anciently  made  open,  but  is 
now  closed  at  the  top  with  four  arches  and  is  usually  called  the  Imperial  Grown. 
That  used  at  the  coronation  of  the  Sovereigns  of  England  is  made  in  imitation 
of  the  Crown  supposed  to  have  been  worn  by  Edward  the  Confessor.  The  present 
imperial  Crown  has  the  rim  adorned  with  four  crosses  pattee,  and  as  many  fleurs-de-lis 
alternately.  From  each  cross  rises  an  arched  diadem  closed  at  the  top  under  a 
mound  supporting  a  cross.  The  cap  within  the  Crown  is  of  purple  velvet  (heraldic- 
ally  represented  crimson),  and  turned  up  with  ermine.      See  p.  xlix. 

The  Coronet  of  the  Prince  of  Wales  is,  according  to  a  warrant  of  Charles  II, 
dated  19  February,  1660,  composed  of  a  circle  or  fillet  of  gold,  adorned  with  four 
crosses  pattee,  and  as  many  fleurs-de-lis  alternately  ;  from  the  two  centre  crosses  rises 
an  arched  diadem,  closed  at  the  top  under  a  mound  supporting  a  cross,  one  arch  only 
from  the  centre  cross  appearing  in  the  representation.  The  cap  is  of  crimson  velvet, 
lined  with  white  sarsnet,  and  turned  up  with  ermine.  The  Prince  of  Wales  also  bears 
as  a  badge  a  plume  of  three  ostrich  feathers,  encircled  by  a  coronet  adorned  with 
crosses  and  fleurs-de-lis ;  the  motto  peculiar  to  this  badge  being  "  Ich  dien." 

The  Coronet  of  the  Princes  of  the  Blood  Royal  is  similar  to  that  of  the  Prince 
of  Wales,  without  the  arched  diadem.  The  cap  is  of  crimson  velvet,  bordered  with 
ermine,  with  a  tassel  of  gold. 

The  Princesses  bear  a  similar  Coronet,  but  instead  of  the  four  crosses  and  as 
many  fleurs-de-lis,  it  is  adorned  with  three  strawberry  leaves  alternately,  with  a 
similar  number  of  fleurs-de-lis  and  crosses. 

The  Arms  and  Coronets  of  the  Members  of  the  Royal  Family  are  always  assigned 
by  the  Sovereign  to  them  individually. 

The  Coronet  of  a  Duee  is  composed  of  a  circlet  of  gold,  chased  as  jewelled, 
having  raised  on  it  eight  golden  strawberry  leaves,  five  of  which  are  seen  in  repre- 
sentation. The  cap  is  of  crimson  velvet,  turned  up  ermine,  thereon  a  golden  tassel. 
It  is  sometimes  used  as  a  charge  in  armorial  bearings,  when  it  is  called  a  Ducal 
Coronet,  and  is  represented  with  only  three  strawberry  leaves,  and  without  the  cap, 
tassel,  or  ermine. 

The  Coronet  of  a  Marquess  is  a  circlet  of  gold,  chased  as  jewelled,  charged 
with  four  strawberry  leaves  and  as  many  large  pearls  alternately  ;  when  represented, 
only  two  pearls  and  three  leaves  appear.     The  cap  is  similar  to  that  of  a  Duke. 

An  Earl's  Coronet  is  a  circlet  of  gold,  chased  as  jewelled,  upon  which  rise  eight 
pyramidical  points  gold,  each  of  which  supports  a  large  silver  ball,  the  spaces  between 


xviii  HERALDRY. 

the  points  being  filled  up  at  the  bottom  with  strawberry  leaves  of  gold,  not  rising 
as  high  as  the  balls.  Only  five  of  the  balls  appear  when  heraldically  displayed. 
The  cap  is  the  same  as  the  Duke's  and  Marquess's. 

A  Viscount's  Coronet  is  a  circlet  of  gold,  cbased  as  jewelled,  supporting  sixteen 
silver  balls,  seven  of  which  appear  in  the  representation. 

The  Coronet  of  a  Baron  is  a  plain  circlet  of  gold,  thereon  six  silver  balls,  four  of 
which  are  seen  in  the  representation. 

The  two  last-named  Coronets  have  the  crimson  velvet  cap  with  the  tassel,  and 
the  edging  of  ermine,  the  same  as  those  of  a  Duke,  Marquess,  and  Earl.    See  p.  xxxiv. 

The  Coronet  of  a  King  of  Arms  is  silver  gilt,  formed  of  a  circle,  upon  which  is 
inscribed  part  of  the  first  verse  of  the  51st  Psalm,  viz.,  "  Miserere  mei  Deus  secundum 
magnam  misericordiam  tuam ;  "  the  rim  is  surmounted  with  sixteen  leaves,  in  shape 
resembling  the  oak  leaf,  every  alternate  one  being  somewhat  higher  than  the  rest, 
nine  of  which  appear  in  the  profile  view  of  it ;  the  cap  is  of  crimson  satin,  closed  at 
the  top  by  a  gold  tassel,  and  turned  up  with  ermine.     See  p.  xxxiv. 

A  crest-coronet  or  ducal  coronet,  on  which,  or  issuing  from  which  crests  are 
often  borne,  is  composed  of  a  circlet  of  gold  chased  and  jewelled,  having  raised  on  it 
four  strawberry  leaves,  three  of  which  appear  in  representation. 

As  the  Crown  of  the  Sovereign  of  England  is  not  exactly  similar  to  those  borne 
by  other  potentates,  so  most  of  the  Coronets  of  foreign  noblemen  are  different  from 
those  of  British  peers. 

Archbishops  and  Bishops  bear  the  arms  of  their  Sees  impaled  with  their  own 
family  arms,  without  crest  or  motto,  and  with  a  mitre  over  the  shield.  The  mitre  of 
both  Archbishops  and  Bishops  is  (with  the  exception  of  the  mitre  of  the  Bishop  of 
Durham)  exactly  the  same.  It  is  a  high  golden  cap,  enriched  with  jewels,  pointed 
and  divided  at  the  top,  with  fringed  pendants  hanging  from  the  lower  part ;  each  top 
is  surmounted  by  a  cross,  the  present  usual  form  of  which  is  that  of  a  cross-pattee. 
The  mitre  of  the  Bishop  of  Durham  differs  from  that  of  the  other  Prelates  in  being 
encircled  with  a  ducal  coronet. 

The  Helmet,  helme,  casque,  or,  morion,  varied  in  shape  in  different  ages  and 
countries.     See  p.  xxxiii. 

The  Mantle,  Guillim  informs  us,  was  named  from  the  French  word  "  Manteau" 
and  served  as  a  protection  (being  spread  over  and  pendent  from  the  helmet)  "to  repel 
the  extremity  of  wet,  cold,  and  heat,  and  withal  to  preserve  the  accoutrements  from 
mst."  Guillim  thus  continues  :  "  Mantles,  like  other  habits,  have  not  escaped  trans- 
formation, but  have  passed  through  the  forge  of  fanatical  conceit,  in  so  much  as 
(beside  the  bare  name)  there  remaineth  neither  shape  nor  shadow  of  a  mantle.  But 
as  they  are  used  in  achievements,  whether  you  call  them  mantles  or  flourishings,  they 
are  evermore  said  in  blazon  to  be  doubled,  that  is,  lined  throughout  with  some  one 
of  the  furs." 

The  mantle  is  sometimes  termed  a  Lambrequin  or  Lamequin.  The  numerous 
strips  and  cuts  into  which  it  is  usually  divided,  are  supposed  to  indicate  that  it  has 
been  thus  torn  and  hacked  in  the  field  of  battle,  and  betokened  a  certain  evidence  of 
prowess. 

The  Chapeau  (cap  of  maintenance  or  dignity)  is  of  crimson  velvet,  lined  with 
ermine,  turned  up  into  points  at  the  back.  It  was  formerly  a  badge  of  high  dignity, 
and  is  now  borne  under  the  crest  of  several  eminent  families,  instead  of  the  wreath. 


SUPPORTERS. 

Sdpporters  date  from  the  fourteenth  century.  Menestrier  and  other  authorities 
ascribe  their  origin  to  a  practice  at  the  tournaments,  and  the  ground  on  which  they 
base  their  opinions  Hccms  tenable  enough.  In  those  chivalrous  pastimes  no  one  was 
suffered  to  participate  but  he  who  was  of  noble  descent  or  warlike  renown,  and  each 


HERALDRY.  xix 

champion,  to  prove  his  title  to  those  qualifications,  exhibited  his  armorial  shield  upon 
the  barriers  and  pavilions  within  the  lists.  Pages  and  esquires  attended  to  watch 
their  masters'  escutcheons,  and  to  report  the  name  and  quality  of  any  knight  who 
thought  proper  to  challenge  to  the  encounter.  The  chroniclers  further  relate,  that  on 
these  occasions  the  armour  bearers,  who  were  thus  employed,  assumed  the  most 
grotesque,  fantastic  costume,  enveloping  themselves  in  the  skins  of  lions  or  bears,  and 
that  hence  arose  the  custom  of  using  supporters.  Of  these  masquerade  characters, 
several  curious  specimens  may  be  found  in  the  illuminated  manuscripts  of  Froissart, 
in  the  British  Museum. 

The  appropriation  of  supporters,  as  legitimate  parts  of  armorial  bearings,  does 
not  appear  to  have  been  recognised  in  England,  earlier  than  the  reign  of  Edward  III. 
An  heraldic  document,  compiled  by  Cooke,  Clarenceux,  in  1572,  indicates  the  various 
changes  the  royal  supporters  underwent :  Edward  III.  adopted  dexter,  a  lion  rampant; 
and  sinister,  a  raven,  both  crowned  ;  Richard  II.  a  lion  and  a  stag ;  Henry  IV.  an 
antelope  and  a  swan  ;  Henry  V.  a  lion  and  an  antelope ;  Henry  VI.  an  antelope  and 
a  leopard;  Edward  IV.  a  bull  and  a  lion;  Richard  III.  a  lion  and  a  boar;  Henry  VII. 
a  dragon  and  a  greyhound ;  Henry  VIII.  the  same ;  Edward  VI.  a  lion  and  a  dragon 
Mary  I.,  an  eagle  and  a  dragon  ;  and  Queen  Elizabeth  the  same  as  her  brother  Edward. 
King  James  I.,  on  ascending  the  English  throne,  introduced  the  unicorn  of  Scotland, 
and  from  that  monarch's  reign  to  our  own  times  the  lion  and  the  unicorn  have 
remained  the  royal  supporters. 

The  position  of  these  external  ornaments  of  the  shield  is,  in  genuine  and  ancient 
Heraldry,  always  erect ;  and  surely  nothing  qan  be  more  at  variance  with  true 
blazonry  than  the  absurd  attempt  of  some  modern  artists  to  display  them  in 
picturesque  attitudes.  Thus  the  characteristics  of  a  rude  and  contemporary  era  are 
violently  destroyed,  and  the  vestiges  of  the  graphic  art  confused  or  annihilated. 

In  England  the  right  to  bear  supporters  is  confined  to  Peers  of  the  Realm, 
Knights  of  the  Garter,  the  Thistle,  and  St.  Patrick  ;  Knights  Grand  Cross  of 
THE  Bath  (G.C.B.)  ;  Knights  Grand  Cross  of  St.  Michael  and  St.  George 
(G.C.  St.  M.  St.  G.)  ;  and  to  those  Baronets  and  others  (of  which  the  number 
is  extremely  limited)  who  may  have  obtained  them  by  special  grant.  The  prac- 
tice of  the  Sovereigns  of  England  granting  Supporters  to  the  Peers  of  each 
degree,  seems  to  have  commenced  in  the  reign  of  Henry  VIII.,  as  did  that  of 
granting  the  like  ornaments  to  the  Knights  of  the  Garter  and  Bath.  Further, 
in  addition  to  these.  Supporters  are  assumed  and  borne,  but  without  any  legal 
right,  by  the  heirs  apparent  of  dukes,  marquesses,  and  earls,  and  by  all  the 
children  of  peers,  to  whom  courtesy  allows  the  prefix  of  "Lord."  In  ancient 
times,  too,  many  eminent  though  unentitled  families  used  these  appurtenances 
to  their  shields.  Edmondson  says,  "  It  may  be  justly  concluded  that  those  who 
used  such  additions  to  their  shields,  or  on  their  shields,  banners,  or  monuments, 
or  had  them  carved  in  stone  or  wood,  or  depicted  on  the  glass  windows  of  their 
mansion,  and  in  the  churches,  chapels,  and  religious  houses  of  their  foundation,  as 
perspicuous  evidences  and  memorials  of  their  having  a  possessory  right  to  them,  are 
fully  and  absolutely  well  entitled  to  bear  them,  and  that  no  one  of  their  descendants 
ever  ought  to  alienate  such  supporters,  or  bear  their  arms  without  them."  Among  the 
distinguished  houses  that  use  supporters  under  these  circumstances,  we  may  mention 
those  of  Fulford  of  Great  Fulford,  Devon,  Trevanion  of  Cornwall,  Savage  of  Cheshire, 
Stawell  and  Luttrell  of  Somersetshire,  Hilton  of  Hilton,  and  Tichborne  of  Tichborne. 
In  Ireland,  the  heads  of  the  different  septs  assert  their  claim  to  them,  but  no  registry 
of  supporters  to  an  Irish  chieftain  appears  in  Ulster's  Office,  in  right  of  his  chief  taincv 
only,  and  without  the  honour  of  peerage,  nor  does  any  authority  to  bear  them  exist. 
In  Scotland,  the  right  to  supporters  belongs  to  the  representatives  of  minor  barons 
who  had  full  baronial  rights  prior  to  1587,  and  to  the  heads  of  a  limited  number  of 
importajit  families,  including  the  chiefs  of  the  more  considerable  clans.  Lyon  may 
also  confer  supporters  e  gratia,  a  prerogative  which,  generally  speaking,  has  been  very 


XX  HERALDRY. 

sparingly  exercised.     Nova  Scotia  baronets  have,  as  such,  no  right  to  supporters, 
though  many  of  them  bear  them  in  respect  of  the  baronial  qualification. 


BANNERS  AND  STANDARDS. 

The  Banner  is  coeval  with  the  introduction  of  Heraldry,  and  dates  consequently 
from  the  twelfth  century.  It  was  of  nearly  a  square  form,  exhibiting  the  owner's 
arms,  and  it  served  as  the  rallying  point  of  the  several  divisions  of  which  the  army 
was  composed.  To  judge  from  the  siege  of  Carlaverock,  it  would  seem  that  early  in 
the  fourteenth  century  there  was  a  banner  to  every  twenty-five  or  thirty  men-at- 
arms,  and  that  thus  the  battle  array  was  marshalled,  kt  that  period  the  English 
forces  comprised  the  tenants  in  capite  of  the  Crown,  with  their  followers ;  and  it 
appears  that  such  tenants  were  entitled  to  lead  their  contingent  under  a  banner  of 
their  arms ;  but  the  precise  number  of  men  so  furnished,  which  conferred  this 
privilege,  has  not  been  ascertained.  When  the  tenant  in  capite  was  unable  to  attend 
in  person,  from  illness  or  other  cause,  he  nevertheless  sent  his  quota  of  soldiers  or 
archers  which  the  tenure  of  his  lands  enjoined,  and  his  banner  was  committed  to  the 
charge  of  a  deputy  of  equal  rank  to  his  own.  Thus,  at  Carlaverock,  the  Bishop  of 
Durham  sent  one  handred  and  sixty  of  his  men-at-arms,  with  his  banner  entrusted  to 
John  de  Hastings;  and  "the  good  Edmund,  Lord  d'Eyncourt,"  who  could  not 
attend  himself,  sent  "  ses  deux  bons  filz  en  son  lieu  mist,"  (his  two  brave  sons 
in  his  stead),  and  with  them  his  banner  of  ""  blue,  billetee  of  gold  with  a  dancette 
over  all." 

The  right  to  bear  a  banner  was  confined  to  bannerets  and  persons  of  higher 
rank.  In  1361,  Edward  III.  granted  to  Sir  Gruy  de  Bryan  two  hundred  marks  a  year 
for  having  discreetly  borne  the  king's  banner  at  the  siege  of  Calais  in  1347 ;  and 
Thomas  Strickland,  the  esquire  who  so  gallantly  sustained  the  banner  of  Henry  V.  at 
Agincourt,  urged  the  service  as  worthy  of  remuneration  from  Henry  VI.  In  France, 
80  long  as  the  chivalry  of  the  old  regime  endured,  and  the  observances  derived  from 
St.  Louis,  Francis  I.,  and  Louis  XIV.  were  respected,  the  custody  of  the  Oriflamme 
was  hereditary;  and  still  in  Scotland  the  representative  of  the  great  house  of 
Scrymgeour  enjoys  the  honour  of  being  banner-bearer  to  the  sovereign.  Ireland 
claims  a  higher  antiquity  in  the  use  of  banners  and  standards  than  any  other 
European  nation — penetrating  even  beyond  the  Christian  era.  The  office  of 
standard-bearer  was  hereditary  in  families,  as,  for  instance,  the  O'Hanlons  were 
hereditary  standard-bearers  to  the  O'Neills,  and  the  Mac  AfEreys  to  the  McGuires. 
"Three  lions  rampant  "  were  borne  on  the  banner  of  O'Brien,  and  "  the  red  hand  " 
was  emblazoned  on  that  of  O'Neill.  The  different  septs  or  clans  rushed  to  battle  with 
their  banners  borne  aloft,  and  uttering  war-cries.  That  of  O'Brien,  iam^  laider  a-bu  ! 
*'  The  strong  hand  for  ever ! "  but  after  the  Anglo-Norman  period  these  war  cries  became 
Anglicised,  as,  for  instance,  "O'Neill  a-bu!"  "  O'Donnell  a-bu!"  i.e.,  "O'Neill 
for  ever,"  "  O'Donnell  for  ever."  The  great  Anglo-Norman  families  followed  the 
example,  by  adopting  similar  war-cries.  The  Fitz-Geralds  had  "  Crom  a-bu!"  the 
Butlers  of  Ormonde,  "Butler  a-bu!"  and  the  Burkes  or  De  Burgos  had  "  Clanrickard 
a-bu  !  "  and   "  MocWilliam  a-bu  ! " 

The  Standard  was  long  and  narrow,  and  split  at  the  end.  In  the  upper  part 
of  the  English  standard  appeared  the  Cross  of  St.  George,  the  remainder  being 
charged  with  the  motto,  crest,  or  badge,  but  never  with  the  arms.  It  is  difficult  to 
determine  the  qualifications  which  constituted  a  right  to  a  standard,  but  there  is 
reason  to  believe  that  no  person  under  the  rank  of  a  knight  could  use  one. 

The  length  of  the  standards  varied  according  to  the  rank  of  the  bearer ;  the 
King's  was  from  eight  to  nine  yards  in  length ;  that  of  a  Duke  seven  yards  ;  of  a 
Marquess,  six  yards  and  a  half;  of  an  Earl,  six  yards  ;  of  a  Viscount,  six  yards  and 


HERALDRY.  xxi 

a  half  ;  of  a  Baron  five  yards ;  of  a  Banneret,  four  yards  and  a  half;  and  of  a  Knight, 
four  yards. 

Two  manuscripts  in  the  British  Museum,  not  older  in  date  than  the  reign  of 
Henry  VIII.,  afford  the  most  authentic  information  as  to  the  size  of  banners, 
standards,  and  pennons.  A.  question  having  been  recently  raised  as  to  what  is  the 
proper  flag  (if  any)  to  be  hoisted  over  a  private  gentleman's  mansion,  and  what  the 
correct  armorial  bearings  to  be  displayed  thereon,  it  appears  there  is  not  any 
direct  authority  or  rule  on  the  subject,  but  it  is  understood  that  the  flag  (if  allowed) 
should  display  the  arms  of  the  possessor  of  the  mansion  only,  and  though  the 
banner  of  St.  George  has  been  sometimes  used,  and  the  Union  Jack  has  been  also 
displayed,  this  seems  to  be  an  error,  as  no  right  exists  for  such. 


HATCHMENTS. 

How  many  are  there  who  look  on  these  heraldic  decorations  as  mere  general 
emblems  of  mortality,  indicating  nothing  more  than  that  a  death  has  lately  occurred. 
Yet  we  can,  on  making  ourselves  acquainted  with  the  simple  rules  by  which  the 
arrangement  of  several  achievements  is  regulated,  at  once  know  what  rank  the 
deceased  held  when  Kving.  If  the  hatchment  be  that  of  a  lady,  whether  she  was 
unmarried,  a  wife,  or  widow ;  if  that  of  a  gentleman,  whether  he  was  a  bachelor,  a 
married  man,  or  a  widower. 

To  show  how  easily  this  information  can  be  acquired,  I  will  briefly  state  the 
several  distinctions. 

On  the  morning  of  interment,  a  hatchment  is  placed  on  the  front  of  the  house 
belonging  to  the  deceased,  and  another  over  the  vault  or  tomb  after  burial. 

The  funeral  escutcheon  of  a  bachelor,  represents  his  paternal  arms  single,  or 
quartered  with  those  to  which  he  may  be  entitled,  and  accompanied  with  the  helmet, 
crest,  and  motto.  The  ground  of  the  hatchment  (the  vacant  canvas  of  each  side  of 
the  shield)  is  black. 

For  a  viaiden,  her  paternal  arms  are  placed  in  a  lozenge,  single  or  quartered  as 
those  of  a  bachelor,  with  no  other  ornament  than  a  gold  cord  loosely  knotted  at  the 
top  of  the  lozenge.  The  ground  outside  the  shield  is,  like  the  former  hatchment, 
black. 

When  a  husband  dies,  leaving  his  wife  surviving,  the  ground  on  the  dexter  side 
of  the  hatchment  (that  is,  the  side  of  the  escutcheon  opposite  the  left  hand  of  the 
person  looking  at  it)  is  black  ;  and  that  on  the  sinister  side  (opposite  the  right  hand 
of  the  spectator)  is  white.  The  arms  in  this  case  are  impaled,  that  is,  divided  by  a 
perpendicular  line  down  the  centre  of  the  shield ;  those  of  the  husband  at  the  dexter 
side  being  black,  to  indicate  his  death.  The  crest  is  placed  over  the  shield,  and 
beneath  it  the  family  motto. 

When  a  wife  dies,  leaving  her  husband  surviving,  the  ground  of  the  hatchment 
is  black  on  the  side  opposite  to  the  right  hand  of  the  person  looking  at  it ;  at  the 
opposite  side  white.  Their  arms  are  displayed  as  in  the  preceding  case,  but  without 
crest  or  motto,  and  the  shield  appears  suspended  by  a  ribbon  in  a  bow,  and 
ornamented  with  a  cherub's  head  and  wings. 

The  hatchments  of  ladies  (except  peeresses,  who  are  entitled  to  a  robe  of  estate) 
are  always  without  mantle,  helmet,  crest,  or  family  motto,  although  funeral  words  and 
sentences  are  sometimes  introduced. 

A  widower's  hatchment  represents  his  arms  with  those  of  his  wife  in  the  same 
manner  as  when  living ;  that  is  impaled,  or  divided  by  a  perpendicular  line  down 
the  centre  of  the  shield.  His  crest  and  motto  are  also  emblazoned,  and  all  the 
ground  outside  the  escutcheon  is  black. 

The   hatchment  of  a  widow  represents  her  arms  impaled  with  those   of  her 


xxii  HERALDRY. 

husband  and  enclosed  in  a  lozenge,  having  a  bow  of  ribbon  at  the  top,  and  ornamented 
with  a  cherub's  head  and  wings ;  all  the  ground  outside  the  shield  being  black. 

For  a  man  leaving  a  second  wife,  the  hatchment  represents  his  arms  (not  impaled) 
on  a  black  ground.  On  the  dexter  side,  or  that  opposite  the  left  hand  of  the 
spectator,  is  placed,  apart  fi"om  the  shield  of  the  husband,  a  small  funeral  escutcheon, 
on  which  his  arms,  with  those  of  his  first  wife,  are  impaled ;  all  the  ground  at  this 
side  of  the  hatchment  being  black,  to  indicate  her  decease.  On  the  opposite  side  of 
the  hatchment,  that  is,  facing  the  right  hand  of  the  person  looking  at  it,  another 
small  escutcheon  is  similarly  placed  apart  from  the  husband's  shield,  and  on  it  are  dis- 
played his  arms  impaled  with  those  of  his  second  wife  ;  the  ground  at  the  extreme 
sinister  side  of  the  shield  being  white,  to  show  that  she  survives  him. 

If  a  widower  or  a  bachelor  be  the  last  of  his  family,  a  skull  or  death's  head 
(heraldically  termed  a  mart)  is  annexed  to  the  escutcheon — -the  arms,  crest,  and  motto 
beino-  displayed  in  the  manner  already  described ;  and  the  hatchment  of  a  maid  or  widow, 
who  is  the  last  of  her  house,  represents  the  arms  in  a  lozenge,  with  a  "tnort  annexed. 

The  hatchments  of  Peers  and  Peeresses  have  their  distinguishing  coronets. 

On  the  hatchments  of  Baronets  a  front-faced,  open  helmet  is  placed  over  the 
shield,  on  some  part  of  which  is  displayed  the  red  hand. 

The  armorial  bearings  of  Knights  are  surrounded  with  the  insignia  of  their 
respective  orders,  and  surmounted  with  the  front-faced  open  helmet,  which  is  also 
assigned  to  knights  bachelors. 

The  hatchments  of  Archbishops  and  Bishops  represent  their  arms  impaled  with 
those  of  their  See;  the  latter  being  placed  on  the  dexter  side,  that  is,  opposite 
the  left  hand  of  the  person  who  looks  at  it,  consequently  the  opposite  side  is  painted 
black,  that  under  the  arms  of  the  see  being  white. 

The  hatchment  of  the  wife  of  an  Archbishop  or  Bishop  represents  two  shields  ; 
that  to  the  left  of  the  spectator  displays  the  arms  of  the  See  impaling  the 
paternal  coat,  and  surmounted  by  the  mitre.  The  sinister  shield  (that  to  the 
spectator's  right)  is  suspended  by  a  knot,  bearing  the  prelate's  family  arms  impaled 
with  those  of  his  wife  :  the  surface  of  the  hatchment  underneath  the  sinister  shield 
being  black,  to  denote  the  lady's  death. 

The  same  rule  is  observed  with  respect  to  the  hatchments  of  the  wives  of  Knights 
of  the  different  orders,  while  those  of  Peeresses  who  have  married  commoners  display 
the  arms  of  their  dignity  at  the  sinister  side  (that  is,  the  side  opposite  the  spectator's 
right),  apart  from  the  heraldic  bearings  of  their  husbands. 


SEIZE  QUARTIERS. 

If  title  be  with  us  the  test  of  position  and  precedence,  the  Seize  Quartiers  have 
been  considered  in  Continental  Europe  as  the  test  of  blood,  or  what  is  strictly 
signified  by  tiie  term  "  birth."  It  is  the  reverse  of  what  is  generally  understood  by 
"  a  family  tree,"  for  there,  the  stream  commencing  with  the  earliest  known  ancestor, 
flows  down  to  the  living  generation;  but  in  the  "  seize  quartiers,"  beginning  with 
the  latter,  the  stream,  dividing  on  the  mother's  and  father's  sides  into  two  lines, 
Ihence  continues  to  ascend,  ramifying  into  the  several  sources  whence  it  derives  the 
vital  current.  Thus  at  a  glance  is  displayed  and  analysed  the  heraldic  componency  of 
the  warm  flood  circulating  beneath  each  blazoned  breast,  betraying  any  alloying 
admixture  that  may  exist,  and  may,  as  in  the  pedigree  of  a  race-horse  (if  I  may 
venture  to  use  the  simile),  disentitle  it  to  the  character  of  "thorough-bred." 

Increasing  ])y  a  regular  succession  of  reduplications  in  every  generation,  the  range 
of  that  of  the  great-groat-grandfathcr  displays  a  series  of  sixteen  shields  of  arms, 
the  "seize  quartiers  ;  "  the  generation  beyond  has  thirty-two  shields,  that  succeeding 
it,  sixty-four,  and  so  on  till  in  the  thirtieth  generation  the  series  of  names  for  that 
generation  alone  would  exceed  the  present  estimated  population  of  the  whole  globe  ; 


HERALDRY.  xxiu 

and  when  the  number,  diminishing  by  one-half  in  each  descending  step,  is  added  to 
the  above,  the  total  of  individaals  whose  blood  is  transmitted  into  the  living  man  is 
something  prodigious ;  consequently  the  number  ascending  to  the  beginning  of  the 
world  would  be  utterly  uncountable.  In  this  latter  case  it  must  be  observed  that 
the  same  individual  must  have  figured  several  times  in  different  positions  of  relation- 
ship, for  otherwise  in  the  generation  contemporaneous  with  the  creation  of  man,  the 
broad  array  of  progenitors  would  be  totally  incompatible  with  the  solitary  Adam  and 
Eve,  the  fountain  sources  of  all  human  blood. 

The  ancient  chivalry  of  St.  John  of  Jerusalem,  which  bore  successively  the  titles 
of  Knights  of  Rhodes  and  Knights  of  Malta,  was  variously  exacting  in  its  require- 
ments of   proof   of  noble   birth    from   candidates  seeking  admission  to   its  ranks. 
Vertot,  the  historian  of  the  Order,  tells  us  that  the  languages  of  Provence,  Auvergne, 
and  France  were  obliged  to  prove  eight  quarters,  or  coats  of  arms,  that  is  the  genera- 
tion  of    great-grandfathers    and   great- grandmothers ;    Italy,    only    four    quarters 
or  shields,  i.e.,  the  grandfathers  and  grandmothers  ;  but  it  was  required  that  these 
four  quarters  should  belong  to  families  of  a  noblesse  acknowledged  for  the  pre- 
ceding two  hundred  years.     Four  quarters  was  the  number  also  required   from  the 
language  of  Aragon  and  Castile,  including  Portugal,  but  for  German  knights  sixteen 
quarters  were  necepsary,  that  being  the  number  demanded  by  the  Teutonic  Order 
from  its  postulants.     This  is  and  was  at  all  times  considered  a  very  rigorous  ordeal, 
requiring  often  most  laborious  searches  among  archives  and  sources  difficult  of  access, 
as  well  as  condemning  numbers  to   exclusion,  for  it  is  not  alone  in  our  days  that 
ruined  gentle  blood  sought  to  establish  itself  by  union  with  merely  plebeian  gold  : 
title  availed  nothing. 

The  mode  of  proceeding  in  drawing  up  a  pedigree  of  "  Seize  Quartiers,"  is  as 
follows,  and  the  progression  is  very  simple,  though  not  generally  understood :  the 
very  words  being  familiarly  comprehended  neither  as  to  their  verbal  import,  the 
rarity  of  the  possession  of  such  a  pedigree,  even  among  some  of  the  most  proudly 
titled  families  in  the  peerage,  its  intrinsic  genealogical  value  abroad  amid  heraldic 
nations,  or  its  being  the  real  and  actual  test  of  the  nobility  of  the  blood  of  any 
individual. 

First  write  down  the  name  of  the  postulant,  then  above  his  name  those  of  his 
father  and  mother,  which  form  thus  two  quarters  :  the  father's  father  and  mother 
then  follow,  and  the  mother's  father  and  mother  fill  up  the  line  of  getieration,  i.e., 
the  grandfathers  and  grandmothers.  Proceeding  in  the  same  way,  we  next  mark 
down  the  father  and  mother  of  each  grandfather  and  grandmother,  which  form  the 
line  of  great-grandfathers  and  great-grandmothers,  eight  individuals,  quarters  or 
coats  of  arms  ;  and  the  succeeding  line  of  fathers  and  mothers  of  each  great-grand- 
father and  great-grandmother,  constitute  the  series  of  the  great-great-grandfathers 
and  great-great- grandmothers,  or  sixteen  quarters.  This  ramification,  however,  is 
best  understood  by  a  glance  at  the  following  diagram  : 

Eight  paternal  quarterings.  Eight  maternal  quarterings. 

1234567     8123     4567     8 
Line  of  great-great-grandfathers  and  great-     A=B  C=D  E=F  G=H.   J=K  L=M  N=0  P=Q 

great-grandmothers.  I  !  '  I 


Line  of  great-grandfathers  and  great-grand-       A    =    C  E=Q-  J=j=L  N   =    l* 

mothers.  i  i 

'    !  !    f 

Line  of  grandfathers  and  grindmothers     ..  ..  Ah=E  J==N 


L. 


Line  of  father  and  mother  . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  A= J 


A 

who  combines  in  his  person  the  blood  of  the  sixteen  families,  arrajed 
in  the  uppermost  line,  and  displays  sixteen  coats  of  arms  in  his 
shield,  as  a  postulant  in  chivalry. 


xxiv  HERALDRY. 

I  have  thus  endeavoured  to  explain  the  exact  meaning  of  "  Seize  Quar- 
tiers."  By  the  universal  consent  of  continental  Europe,  the  sixteen  quarters 
have  been  considered  the  test  of  blood;  they  have  at  all  times  been  the  Sesame 
which  has  opened  the  door  of  every  presence-chamber  of  royalty,  of  every 
high  place  at  foreign  courts,  and  of  every  rich  and  noble  Chapter.  Nevertheless, 
according  to  our  English  notions,  this  test  is  rather,  I  think,  one  of  curiosity  than 
real  value  ;  for,  compare  the  continental  nobility,  which  very  generally  still  possesses 
it,  with  the  British  nobility,  which  very  rarely  does,  and  mark  the  difference  between 
them.  Our  own  aristocracy  yields  to  none  other  in  high  breeding,  honour,  noble 
daring,  brilliancy  of  ancestry,  talent,  and  simple,  unostentatious  grandeur  of  character, 
and  yet,  comparatively  speaking,  few  even  among  that  elevated  class  can  trace  their 
descent  up  to  sixteen  families  on  both  sides  entitled  to  armorial  bearings  ;  or,  at 
least,  in  cases  where  this  is  practicable,  many  of  the  progenitors  are  of  a  very 
secondary  station,  and  belong  to  a  gentry  wholly  without  illustration.  The  proof  of 
value  is  its  result ;  and  considering  that  the  aristocracy  of  Britain  may  justly  claim 
superiority  over  the  more  exclusively  well-bom  aristocracy  of  the  rest  of  Europe,  I 
cannot  bring  myself  to  believe  that  the  test  of  "  the  Seize  Quartiers  "  enters,  neces- 
sarily, into  the  composition  of  a  first-rate  English  nobleman  or  gentleman.  That 
which  is  truly  ennobling  is  a  long  line  of  gentle  ancestors,  either  from  father  to  son, 
or  through  heiresses  bringing  the  right  of  representation,  combined  with  honourable 
and  appropriate  alliances.  Who  would  venture  to  dispute  the  nobility  of  birth  of 
the  ducal  representative  of  the  Douglases  and  the  Hamiltons,  on  the  ground  that  an 
alliance  with  a  Gunning  or  a  Beckford  might  perchance  interfere  with  the  perfection 
of  the  German  test  of  "  the  Seize  Quartiers  ?  " 

KINGS  OF  ARMS  AND  HERALDS. 

The  office  of  "  King  of  Arms  "  is  of  feudal  origin,  and  was  one  of  the  attributes 
of  the  pomp  and  splendour  annexed  to  feudal  sovereignty.  There  is  no  trace  of  such 
an  institution  anterior  to  the  Norman  invasion,  which  overturned  the  pre-existing 
system  in  England,  formed  as  it  had  been  by  a  fusion  of  the  usages  of  the  ancient 
Britons,  Saxons,  and  Danes.  Having  so  overturned  it,  the  Normans  introduced  the 
military  and  chivalrous  code  of  feuds,  with  its  homage,  and  fealty,  and  services.  Sir 
Henry  Spelman  is  of  opinion  that  the  title  of  King  of  Arms  was  attributed  to  such 
heraldic  officers  in  England  as  belonged  immediately  to  the  person  of  the  King's 
majesty,  while  those  who  appertained  to  princes  of  the  blood  royal,  or  to  the  nobility, 
were  staled  simply  Heralds.  Another  learned  author  states  that  the  title  of  "  King 
of  Heralds  (of  later  times  called  King  of  Arms)  was  given  to  that  personage  who 
was  the  chief  or  principal  officer  presiding  over  the  heralds  of  any  kingdom,  or  of 
any  particular  province  usually  termed  the  marches,  or  of  any  order  of  knighthood." 

The  primary  duty  of  the  English  Kings  of  Arms  and  Heralds,  at  the  time  of 
their  establishment,  corresponded  with  that  of  the  Heralds  of  foreign  princes ;  they 
carried  and  delivered  all  messages  of  importance  to  allies,  enemies,  and  rebels,  gave 
solemn  defiances  and  denunciations  of  war;  summoned  cities,  castles,  &c.,  to  sur- 
render ;  made  propositions  of  peace,  truce,  and  accommodation,  and  offered  mercy 
and  pardon  to  rebellious  subjects  and  insurgents.  They  had  also  the  cognizance, 
inspection,  marshalling,  and  regulation  of  coats  of  armour,  and  the  several  marks  of 
distinction  connected  with  them  ;  they  received  all  foreign  nobility  and  others  coming 
to  England  to  perform  feats  of  arms,  and  gave  safe  conduct  to  them  from  their 
arrival  to  the  time  of  their  leaving  the  kingdom;  assisted  at  tilts,  tournaments,  and 
feats  of  arms,  and  attended  to  the  honour  and  reputation  of  military  persons,  and  to 
the  safety,  welfare,  and  defence  of  the  King  and  his  realms.  They  had  also  the 
arrangement,  order,  and  progress  of  legal  combats;  were  likewise  employed  in 
marshalling  and  conducting  coronations,  marriages,  baptisms,  funerals,  interviews, 
and    other    august    assemblies,    processions,   pomps,  and  solemnities  of  the  ancient 


HERALDRY.  xxv 

monarclis,  and  took  care  that  the  orders,  rites,  and  ceremonies  established  for  those 
ceremonials  were  duly  observed;  and  that  the  rules  of  precedence  were  strictly 
adhered  to. 

The  pride  and  ambition  of  the  nobility  prompted  them  to  imitate,  and  oftentimes 
to  vie  with,  their  Monarclis  in  state  and  magnificence.  Hence  it  is  that  we  find 
the  Heralds  attending  at  the  faneral  rites  and  ceremonies  of  the  nobility,  as  well  as 
at  the  celebration  of  their  marriages,  christenings,  and  other  festivities,  and  practising 
the  same  forms  and  grandeur  as  were  observed  at  those  of  the  royal  family. 

Noble  and  illustrious  descent  having  also  been  held  in  high  esteem,  strict 
attention  was  paid  to  the  observance  of  a  just  and  exact  distinction  between  the 
different  ranks  or  classes  of  the  people.  The  ignoble  never  presumed,  in  those  ancient 
times,  to  arrogate  a  participation  in  the  rights  annexed  to  eminence  of  parentage,  or 
to  claim  honours  to  which  their  superiors  alone  were  entitled.  And  the  nobiKty  and 
gentry,  cautiously  jealous  of  their  dignity,  avoided  mixing  with  the  vulgar,  and  were 
sedulously  careful  for  the  preservation,  on  all  public  and  solemn  occasions,  of  that 
purity  of  rank  and  precedence  which  was  due  by  the  feudal  system  to  their  birth 
and  station  in  life.  Family  arms  being  the  general  criterion  which  distinguished  the 
gentleman  from  the  peasant,  no  persons  were  suffered  to  enter  the  lists  to  tourney,  or 
exercise  any  feats  of  arms,  unless  they  could,  to  the  satisfaction  of  the  Kings  of  Arms, 
prove  themselves  to  be  gentlemen  of  "  Coat  Armour."  And  the  ancient  gentry  took 
particular  care  to  have  their  arms  embroidered  on  their  common-wearing  over-coats, 
and  would  not  suffer  any  person  of  the  lower  class,  although  become  rich,  to  use 
such  tokens  of  gentle  birth  and  distinction ;  nay,  so  jealous  were  they  of  any 
infringement  of  the  armorial  rights  to  which  they  were  entitled,  that  whenever  the 
arms  which  they  and  their  families  had  borne  happened  to  be  claimed  by  any  other 
gentlemen,  they  vindicated  their  rights  in  the  military  courts,  and  very  often  by  duel. 
Under  those  circumstances  it  became  essential  and  was  a  necessary  part  of  the  duties 
of  Heralds,  to  draw  out,  with  accuracy  and  exactness,  the  authentic  genealogies  of 
noble  families,  and  families  of  "  gentle  birth  "  to  continue,  and  from  time  to  time,  to 
add  to  and  preserve  their  pedigrees  in  direct  and  collateral  lines;  and  to  have  a 
perfect  knowledge  of  all  hereditary  arms,  ensigns,  badges  of  honour,  and  the  external 
marks  as  well  of  personal  as  of  family  rank  and  distinction. 

Some  portion  of  the  ancient  duties  of  the  Herald  has  become  obsolete  with  the 
decay  of  the  feudal  system,  but  enough  remains  to  render  the  office  important  and 
useful.  That  branch  of  his  labours  connected  with  genealogy  is  valuable  in  the 
highest  degree.  Genealogical  tables  and  authentic  pedigrees,  regularly  deduced, 
contain  memorials  of  past  transactions  and  events,  and  from  them  chronologers  and 
historians  have  drawn  very  considerable  assistance ;  they  have  operated  to  the  detec- 
tion of  frauds,  forgeries,  and  impostures ;  cleared  up  doubts  and  difficulties ; 
established  marriages ;  supported  and  defended  legitimacy  and  purity  of  blood ; 
ascertained  family  alliances ;  proved  and  maintained  affinity  and  consanguinity ; 
vindicated  and  corroborated  the  titles  of  lands  to  their  possessors  ;  and  have  been  of 
essential  use  in  settling  claims  and  rights  of  inheritance  without  litigation,  by 
furnishing  effectual  evidence.  Such  has  been,  and  ever  must  be,  the  utiUty  of 
genealogies,  when  they  are  framed  with  integrity  and  authenticated  by  evidence. 

The  HERALDIC  AUTHORITY  ovcr  England  and  Wales  is  delegated  by  the  Crown  to 
the  hereditary  Earl  Marshal  (the  Duke  of  Norfolk),  and  three  Kings  of  Arms, 
Garter,  Clarenceux,  and  Norroy,  who  form,  together  with  the  Heralds  and 
Pursuivants,  the  College  of  Arms.  Of  these,  the  principal  is  "Garter  King  of 
Arms."  In  his  Patent  he  is  styled  Principal  King  of  English  Arms,  and  Principal 
Officer  of  Arms  of  the  most  noble  Order  of  the  Garter.  To  him  immediately  belongs, 
inter  alia,  the  adjustment  of  arms  in  England  and  Wales,  and  likewise  the  power  of 
granting  arms  under  the  authority  of  the  Earl  Marshal,  in  conjunction  with  the 
provincial  Kings  of  Arms  occording  to  their  several  jurisdictions,  to  persons  qualified 
to   bear   them.      "  Clarenceux    King  of  Arms,"   so   named    from   the    Dukedom  of 


ssvi  HERALDRY. 

Clarence,  bas  jurisdiction  over  the  south-east  and  west  parts  of  England ;  and 
"  Norroy  King  of  Arms,"  the  most  ancient  of  the  heraldic  sovereigns  in  England 
possesses  as  his  province,  England  north  of  the  Trent.  He  is  the  North  King — 
"  Norroy."  The  Enghsh  Heralds  bear  the  designation  of  "  Windsor,"  "  Chester," 
"Somerset,"  "Lancaster,"  "York,"  and  "Richmond,"  the  Pursuivants  are  known 
by  the  names  of  "  Rouge  Dragon,"  "  Rouge  Croix,"  "  Bluemantle,"  and  "  Portcullis." 
The  date  of  the  creation  of  the  historic  and  dignified  ofl&ce  of  Garter  Kino  of 
Arms  may  be  fixed  with  certainty  to  have  been  between  May  and  September,  1417. 
The  first  Garter  was  William  Bruges,  originally  styled  "  Guyenne  King  of  Arms," 
and  subsequently  "  Garteir  Roy  d'Armes  des  Anglois."  By  the  constitution  of  King 
Henry  VIII.,  it  was  provided  that  Garter  should  be  Sovereign  within  the  College  of 
Arms  above  all  the  other  officers,  that  he  should  have  the  correction  of  Arms,  Crests, 
Cognizances,  and  Devices,  as  well  as  the  power  and  authority  to  grant  Armorial 
Bearings ;  and  that  he  should  "  walk  in  all  places  next  to  Our  Sword,  and  no  one 
between  thena  except  the  Constable  and  Marshal  when  they  carry  the  batons  of  their 
office." 

In  addition,  Garter  King  of  Arms  has  various  other  duties  of  considerable 
importance  to  perform,  such  as  the  regulation  of  precedence,  the  guidance  of 
Coronations,  and  State  Ceremonials,  the  control  and  management  of  all  matters 
concerning  the  Order  of  the  Garter,  &c. 

The  Badge  of  Garter  is  of  gold,  having  on  both  sides  the  Arms  of  St.  George, 
impaled  with  those  of  the  Sovereign,  within  the  Garter  and  Motto,  enamelled  in 
their  proper  colours,  and  ensigned  with  the  royal  crown.  His  sceptre  is  of  silver 
gilt,  about  two  feet  in  length,  the  top  being  of  gold,  of  four  sides  of  equal  height 
but  of  unequal  breadth.  On  the  two  larger  sides  are  the  Arms  of  St.  George 
impaling  the  Sovereign's,  and  on  the  two  lesser  sides,  the  Arms  of  St.  George, 
surrounded  by  the  Garter  and  Motto,  the  whole  ensigned  with  an  imperial  crown. 

The  ancient  office  of  Lyon  King  of  Arms,  long  styled  Lord  Lyon  King  op  Arms, 
the  King  of  Arms  of  Scotland,  is  found  occupying  a  very  prominent  position  so  far 
back  as  1371,  the  year  of  the  coronation  of  Robert  II.,  at  Holyrood.  He  derives  his 
authority  directly  from  the  Sovereign,  and  is  entitled  to  wear  an  oval  badge 
suspended  by  a  broad  green  ribbon.  The  Badge  consists  on  the  obverse  of  the  e&igj 
of  St.  Andrew  bearing  his  cross  before  him,  with  a  thistle  beneath,  all  enamelled  in 
the  proper  colours  on  an  azure  ground.  The  reverse  contains  the  arms  of  Scotland 
having  in  the  lower  parts  of  the  Badge,  a  thistle,  as  on  the  other  side  ;  the  whole 
surmounted  with  an  Imperial  Crown.  Lyon  is  the  chief  Heraldic  Officer  of  the 
Order  of  the  Thistle,  and  enjoys  the  same  rights  and  privileges  in  Scotland  as  Garter 
King  of  Arms  does -in  England.  The  insignia  of  the  Lyon  Office  are,  "Argent,  a 
lion  sejant  full-faced  gules,  holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a  thistle  slipped  vert,  and  in 
the  sinister  an  escutcheon  of  the  second,  on  a  chief  azure  a  St.  Andrew's  cross  of 
the  first." 

In  Ireland,  Ulster  King  of  Arms  has  the  sole  heraldic  jurisdiction,  and  has 
under  him  Athlone  Pursuivant:  he  is,  ex-officio,  Knight  Attendant  on  the  most 
illustrious  Order  of  St.  Patrick. 

The  title  of  "Ulster  King  of  Arms,"  was  created  in  the  reign  of  Edward  VI. 
But  the  office  itself,  under  the  designation  of  "  Ireland  King  of  Arms,"  had  its  origin 
in  more  remote  times,  the  first  express  mention  of  Ireland  King  of  Arms  being  in  the 
sixth  year  of  King  Richard  II.,  1482  ;  Froissart,  vol.  ii.,  calls  him  "  Ckaundos  le  Roy 
d' Irelande.''  A  regular  succession  of  officers  by  the  title  of  "  Ireland  King  of  Arms," 
continued  from  that  time  to  the  reign  of  King  Edward  IV.,  who  promoted  Thomas 
Ashwell  to  that  office. 

This  title  of  "  Ireland,"  as  Sir  Henry  Spelman  and  Sir  James  Ware  say,  was 
afterwards,  by  Edward  VI.,  altered  into  that  of  Ulster.  That  King  himself,  in  his 
journal,  takes  notice  of  it  as  follows — "Feb.  There  was  a  King  of  Arms  made  for 
Ireland,  whose   name  was   Ulster,  and  his  province  was   all    Ireland."     The  patent 


HERALDRY.  xsvii 

passed  under  the  great  seal  of  England,  1553,  with  an  ample  preamble,  in  testimony 
of  the  necessity  and  dignity  of  the  office,  \^hich  was  given  to  Bartholomew  Butler, 
York  Herald.  And  a  warrant  bearing  equal  date  with  the  patent  was  issued  to  Sir  Ralph 
Sadleir,  Knt.,  of  the  King's  Wardrobe,  to  deliver  him  "  one  coat  of  blue  and  crimson 
velvet  embroidered  with  the  gold  and  silver  upon  the  same  with  the  King's  Arms." 
The  Badge  of  "  Ulster "  is  of  gold,  containing  ou  one  side  the  cross  of  St. 
Patrick,  or  as  it  is  described  in  the  statutes,  "  The  cross  gules  of  the  Order  upon  a 
field  argent,  impaled  with  the  Arms  of  the  Realm  of  Ireland,"  and  both  encircled 
with  the  Motto,  "  Quis  Separabit,"  and  the  date  of  the  institution  of  the  Order, 
MDCCLXXXIII.  The  reverse  exhibits  the  Arms  of  the  Office  of  Ulster,  viz.,  "  Or, 
a  cross  gules,  on  a  chief  of  the  last  a  lion  of  England  between  a  harp  and  portcullis,  all 
of  the  first,"  placed  on  a  ground  of  green  enamel,  surrounded  by  a  gold  border  with 
shamrocks,  surmounted  by  an  Imperial  Crown,  and  suspended  by  a  sky  blue  ribband 
from  the  neck. 

The  general  precedence  of  Ulster  King  of  Arms  was  affirmed  by  his  Majesty  King 
William  IV.  by  royal  warrant,  dated  at  St.  James's,  17th  day  of  May,  1835,  which 
was  issued  for  revising  and  making  alterations  in  the  statutes  of  the  Order  of  St. 
Patrick.  After  reciting  that,  by  the  Act  of  Union,  Ireland  became  part  and  parcel  of 
the  United  Kingdom,  and  "  our  King  of  Arms  of  all  Ireland  has  not  had,  since  that 
event,  any  specific  place  or  i)recedence  assigned  to  him  among  our  Kings  of  Arms  by 
special  ordinance  or  royal  authority  ;  We  do  hereby  direct  and  command  that  in  all 
ceremonials  and  assemblies  Ulster  King  of  Arms  shall  have  place  immediately  after 
the  Lord  Lyon,  King  of  Arms  of  Scotland."  Hence,  the  general  precedence  of  the 
Kings  of  Arms  for  Great  Britain  and  Ireland  stands  arranged  thus  :  1st.  Garter  King 
of  Arms  of  England ;  2nd,  Lyon  King  of  Arms  of  Scotland ;  3rd.  Ulster  King  of 
Arms  of  all  Ireland ;  4th.  Clarenceux  King  of  Aims ;  and  5th.  Norroy  King 
of  Arms. 

The  local  precedence  of  Ulster  King  of  Arms  at  the  Irish  Court  was  established 
at  the  institution  of  the  office  in  Ireland,  and  the  place  assigned  him  the  head  of  the 
officers  of  state,  and  next  the  person  of  the  Viceroy.  This  order  of  precedence  was 
afterwards  confirmed  by  successive  Lords  Lieutenants  and  Lords  Justices.  In  an 
ordinance  of  the  Earls  of  Orrery  and  Muontrath,  Iiords  Justices,  dated  at  Dublin 
Castle,  18th  April,  1661,  the  programme  of  precedence  of  the  officers  of  state  at  the 
Irish  Court  was  set  forth  in  detail,  and  stated  therein  to  have  been  "  what  had 
formerly  been  used  "  by  the  "  lords  deputies  or  lords  justices,"  and  the  place  of  the 
King  of  Arms  was  therein  set  forth  as  first  in  order,  and  next  to  the  lords  justices  as 
representatives  of  the  sovereign. 

The  Duke  of  Bolton,  by  an  ordinance  dated  at  Dublin  Castle,  17th  day  of 
August,  1717,  confirmed  that  order  of  precedence,  and  assigned  the  place  of  Ulster 
King  of  Aims  to  be  next  to  the  person  of  his  Grace ;  and  after  Ulster,  the  other 
official  personages  of  the  Court. 

By  another  order,  of  Lord  Carteret,  dated  from  "his  Majesty's  Castle  of  Dublin 
the  29th  day  of  October,  1724,"  the  same  roll  of  precedence  was  affirmed  and  ordered. 
The  last  order  upon  the  subject  of   the  precedence  of  the  person  holding  the  office, 
was  the  royal  warrant  of  his  Majesty  King  William  IV.,  already  mentioned. 

Very  considerable  powers  and  duties,  in  addition  to  the  due  control  and  registra- 
tion of  arms  and  pedigrees,  were  from  time  to  time  conferred  and  imposed  upon  the 
Ulster  King  of  Arms,  in  matters  of  official  proceedings  and  courtly  duties,  which  he 
regulates,  whence  the  archives  of  his  office  present  not  only  an  interesting  record  of 
the  various  ceremonials  observed  from  time  to  time  at  the  Irish  Court,  but  are  also 
landmarks  of  genealogy,  and  consist  not  merely  of  genealogical  materials  and 
references,  but  in  great  measure  of  genealogies  of  families,  full,  ample,  and  complete. 


GLOSSARY. 


The  Shield,  or  Escutcheon, 

Is  the  principal  object  whereon  the  emblems  or  charges  of  Heraldry  are  depicted.  It  Taries  much  in 
shape,  but  is  depicted  triangular,  or,  as  it  is  technically  called,  "  Heater-shaped,"  on  the  oldest 
monuments,  coins,  and  seals.  The  surface  or  space  within  the  bounding  lines  of  the  shield  is  called 
the  Field. 

The  Shield  is  divided  into  the  following  parts,  ABC,  the  chief,  subdivided  into  A' 
the  dexter,  or  right  hand  chief  point ;  B,  the  middle  chief  point ;  C,  the  sinister,  or 
left  hand  chief  point  ;  D,  the  coUar,  or  honour  point ;  E,  the  heart,  or  fess  point ;  F, 
the  nombril,  or  navel  point ;  and  G  H  I,  the  base,  subdivided  into  G-,  the  dexter  base 

^. point ;  H,  the  middle  base  point ;    and  I,  the  sinister  base  point. 

The  Shield  is  distinguished  by  certain  heraldic  colours  called  Tinctures,  separated  by  division 
lines,  and  charged  with  a  variety  of  animals,  real  or  fabulous,  instruments,  and  other  objects,  which 
themselves  bear  the  designation  of  charges. 

The  Tinctures  used  in  Heraldry  are  metals,  colours,  and  furs. 

To  Svlvester  Petra-Sancta,  a  celebrated  Italian  Herald,  is  assigned  the  invention  of  the  lines  and 
points  by'which  the  tinctures  are  expressed. 


The  Metals  are — 

Qr  —  gold  —  known  in  uncoloured 
drawings  and  engravings  by  dots  or 
points. 


Argent  —  silver  —  expressed  by  the 
shield  being  plain. 


The  CoLOUES  are — 

Azure — blue — depicted  by  horizontal 
lines. 


Qules  —  red— depicted  by  perpen- 
dicular lines. 


Vert — green— depicted  by  lines  from 
the  dexter  chief  to  the  siniater  base. 


Sable  —  black  —  depicted  br  cross 
lines,  horizontal  and  perpendicular. 


The  FuBS  are — 

Ermine  —  a  white  field  with  black 
spots. 


Ermines — a  black  field  with  white 
spots. 


/  .  .1.  .   \      Erminois — a  gold  field   with  black 
'■•i-"^.i»  -I  spots. 


Pean — a  black  field  with  gold  spots. 


Vair — composed  originally  of  pieces 
of  fur,  but  now  silver  and  blue,  cut  to 
resemble  the  flower  of  tlie  campanula, 
and  opposed  to  each  other  in  rows  ; 
when  of  diflerent  tinctures,  they  ore 
sjiccified  and  described  vaire. 

Counter  Vair — differs  from  "  vair  " 
by  having  the  bells  or  cups  arranged 
base  against  base,  and  point  against 
point. 


Potent  Counter  Potent — is  composed 
of  figures  like  crutches'  heads. 


GLOSSARY. 


XXIX 


The  earliest  representation  of  the  indication  of  colour  hy  engraved  lines,  in  England,  is  on  the 
impression  of  a  seal  to  the  death  warrant  of  Charles  I. 

The  old  Heralds  used  more  minute  distinctions  :  the  Arras  of  gentlemen,  esquires,  knights,  and 
baronets,  they  blazoned  by  tinctures  ;  those  of  the  nobility  by  precious  stones  ;  and  those  of  emperors, 
kings,  and  other  sovereign  princes,  by  planets. 


Colours  and  Metals. 

Tinctures. 

Precious  Stones. 

Planets. 

Names  Abridged. 

Yellow,  or  G-old 

Or 

Topaz     . . 

Sol             0 

0 

Or, 

White,  or  Silver     . . 

Argent  .. 

Pearl      . . 

Luna          J) 

A 

Ar. 

Black 

Sable      . . 

Diamond 

Saturn       li 

S 

Sa. 

Eed 

Gules     . . 

Ruby      . . 

Mar  s        ^ 

G 

Gu. 

Blue 

Azure     . . 

Sapphire 

Jupiter     v. 

B 

Az. 

Green 

Vert 

Emerald 

Venus        ? 

V 

Vert. 

Purple 

Purpure 

Amethyst 

Mercury    § 

P 

Purp. 

Tawney 

Tenne    . . 

Jacynth . . 

Dragon's  Head     . . 

T 

Ten. 

Murrey 

Sanguine 

Sardonix 

Dragon's  Tail 

San 

Sang. 

The  term  Counterchanged  {French,  de  I'un  en  I'autre)  expresses  that  the  field  is  of 
two  tinctures,  metal  and  colour,  and  that  the  charge  upon  it  partakes  of  both, — the 
charge,  or  part  of  the  charge,  being  of  metal,  which  lies  upon  the  colour  ;  and  the 
charge,  or  part  of  the  charge,  being  of  colour,  which  lies  upon  the  metal.  "  Transmu- 
tation, or  counterchanging,"  says  GuilLim,  "  is  an  intermiiture  of  the  several  tinctures  of 
the  shield  and  charge,  occasioned  by  the  apposition  of  some  one  or  more  lines  of 
partition  over  the  whole." 

It  is  an  inviolable  rule  of  Heraldry,  that  metal  shall  never  be  placed  upon  metal,  nor  colour 
upon  colour ;  that  is  if  the  field  be  of  colour,  the  immediate  charge  must  be  of  metal,  and  vice  versa, 
but  numerous  exceptions  to  this  rule  are  found,  not  only  in  coals  of  a  date  anterior  to  the  systematic 
or  scientific  arrangement  of  Armorial  Bearings,  but  in  many  of  foreign  origin. 


PARTITION  LINES. 

Partition  Lines  are  those  that  divide  the  field  or  charge ;  and  are  always  Right  or  Straight 
Lines,  unless  when  otherwise  described  ;  those  that  vary  from  the  Right  Line  are  called — 

Enffrailed. 


Invected. 
Wavy. 


Embattled,  or  Crenellee. 

ISlSlSlSXSlSU  ^'''^^- 

Indented. 

Dancettee. 

Raguly. 
Dove-tailed. 

To  these  may  be  added,  those  of  rarer  occurrence,  Champagne  or  Urde,  which  resembles  an 

embattled  line  with  the  battlements  and  indentures  drawn  to  a  point  instead  of  being  cut  straight, 
and  Potentee,  when  the  edge  of  the  hne  resembles  the  heads  of  crutches. 


line 


Party*  per  Pale.    The  field,  or  charge,  divided  into  two  equal  parts  by  a  perpendicular 


•  This  word,  in  the  blazon  of  Arms,  is  generally  omitted;  per  pale,  per  fess,  &c.  implying  the  division  of  the  siiield. 


XXX 


GLOSSARY. 


Quarterly;   the    field,  or   charge,  divided   into   four  equal   parts  by  tvo    lines,   one 
perpendicular,  the  other  horizontal. 


Party  per  Fess ;  the  field,  or  charge,  divided  into  two  equal  parts  by  a  horizontal  line. 


><- — =(         Party  per   Send;  the  field,  or  charge,  divided  into   two  equal  parts,  by  a  diagonal 
^ffl  line  from  the  dexter  chief  to  the  sinister  base. 


Party  per  Bend  Sinister ;  the  field,  or  charge,  divided  into  two  equal  parts  by  a  diagonal  line 
from  the  sinister  chief  to  the  dexter  base. 


Party  per  Chevron;  the  field,  or  charge,  divided   into  two  equal  parts  by  two  lines 
meeting  pyramidically  in  the  fes» point,  drawn  from  the  dexter  and  sinister  base. 


Party  per  Saltire ;  the  field,  or  charge,  divided  into  four  equal  parts,  by  two  diagonal 
lines  crossing  each  other. 


Oyronny  of  Eight;  the  field  divided  into  eight  equal  parts  by  four  lines,  two  per 
saltire,  and  two  quarterly. 


ORDINARIES. 

All  charges  of  Arms  are  either  proper  or  common  ;  those  charges  are  said  to  be  proper  which  by  a 
certain  property  do  partiriularly  belong  to  the  art  of  Heraldry,  and  are  of  ordinary  use  therein  ;  hence 
they  are  styled  ordinaries  ;  the  common  charges  are  the  representations  of  all  emblems  which  retain 
their  own  names  in  the  blazon.  The  term  here  employed  "  proper  "  must  not  be  confused  with  the 
similar  one  (see  Dictionary  of  Terms)  which  indicates  that  any  heraldic  chargo  in  a  shield,  crest,  or 
supporter,  is  of  its  natural  colour  or  nature. 


The  principal  Ordinaries  are — 

The  Chief  (called  by  French  Heralds,  un  Chef,  signifying  head,  from  the  place  it  occupies 
in  the  shield)  is  the  whole  upper  part  of  the  field,  cut  off  horizontally  by  a  straight  or  any 
other  of  the  partition  lines  used  in  Heraldry,  and  should  comprise  a  third  part*  of  the 
escutcheon. 


The  Pale  is  formed  by  two  lines  drawn  perpendicularly  from  the  top  to  the  base  of  the 
escutcheon,  comprising  a  third  part  of  the  field.  "  The  French,"  observes  Mackenzie, 
"  say  that  Boldiers  of  old  carried  pales  of  wood  to  encamp  them,  which  they  fixed  in  the 
earth,"  and  thus  originated  this  heraldic  bearing. 


The  Send  (Baltheus)  is  formed  by  two  lines  drawn  diagonally  from  the  dexter  chief  to 
the  sinister  base,  and  comprises  the  third  part  of  the  shield.  It  represents  a  shoulder- 
beh,  or  scarf. 


•  The  Chief  and  the  other  ordlnarien  which  nrc  mentioned  as  ocmipying  a  third  part  of  the  escutcheon,  should,  strictlj- 
comprlae  that  ipare ;  but  In  armorial  drawings  thin  rule  U  seldom  adiicred  to. 


GLOSSARY. 


XXXI 


The  Bend  Sinister  is  the  same  as  the  Bend,  excepting  that  the  lines  are  drawn  from  the 
Binister  chief  to  the  dexter  base. 


The  Fess  is  formed  by  two  horizontal  lines  drawn  across  the  field,  comprising  the 
centre  third  part  of  the  escutcheon.  It  is  emblematic  of  the  military  girdle  worn  round 
the  body  over  the  armour. 


The  Bar  is  a  diminutive  of  the  fess,  and  of  the  same  form,  containing  one-fifth  of  the  field,  and 
may  be  placed  in  any  part  of  the  escutcheon. 


The  Cross  is  composed  of  four  lines,  two  parallel  lines  perpendicular,  and  two  transverse, 
not  drawn  throughout,  but  meeting  by  couples  at  right  angles,  near  about  the  fess  point. 


The  Saltire  (the  Cross  of  St.  Andrew)  is  formed  by  four  lines,  two  drawn  from  the 
dexter  chief  towards  the  sinister  base,  and  the  others  from  the  sinister  chief  towards  the 
dexter  base,  meeting  in  the  middle  by  couples  in  acute  angles,  and  resembling  two  bends, 
dexter  and  sinister,  uniting  or  blending  where  they  cross. 


When  charges  are  borne  upon  ordinaries,  they  are  described  "  on  a  fess,"  "  on  a  chevron,"  "  on  a 
bend,"  &c.,  as  the  case  may  be.  When  charges  are  placed  in  the  position  that  ordinaries  occupy,  they 
are  blazoned  as  "in  pale,"  or  "  in  fess,"  or  "  in  bend,"  &c.,  as  the  case  may  be. 


The  Chevron  (supposed  by  some  writers  to  have  been  adopted  from  the  bow  of  a  war 
saddle,  which  rose  high  in  front)  is  formed  by  two  parallel  lines  drawn  from  the  dexter 
base,  meeting  pyramidically,  about  the  fess  point,  two  other  parallel  lines  drawn  from  the 
sinister  base. 


SUB-OEDIN  ARIES. 

The  Border  {French,  Bordure)  was  formerly  a  mark  of  difference,  to  distinguish  one 
branch  of  a  family  from  another.  It  surrounds  the  field,  occupying  one-fifth  of  it,  and  is 
of  an  equal  breadth  at  every  part. 


The  Orle,  is  an  inner  border  that  does  not  touch  the  extremities  of  the  shield,  the  field 
being  seen  within  and  round  it  on  both  sides.  It  has  the  appearance  of  an  escutcheon 
voided,  or,  as  it  were,  insulated.     The  Tressure  is  a  diminutive  of  the  Orle. 


The  Inescutcheon,  is  a  small  escutcheon,  home  within  the  shield. 


The  Quarter,  is  the  space  formed  by  two  lines,  the  one  drawn  horizontally  from  the 
side  of  the  shield  to  the  centre,  and  the  other  perpendicularly  from  the  chief  to  meet  it  in 
the  same  place,  and  occupies  one-fourth  part  of  the  shield,  as  the  term  implies. 


The  Canton,  derived  from  cantonn6e,  cornered,  is  less  than  the  Quarter,  comprising  only 
the  third  part  of  the  chief,  and  is  formed,  as  the  Quarter,  by  a  perpendicular  line  drawn 
from  the  top  of  the  shield,  meeting  another  drawn  horizontally  from  the  side.  The  Canton 
always  occupies  the  dexter  chief  of  the  escutcheon,  unless  otherwise  expressed. 


^ 


Cheque,  or  Chequy,  is  used  when  the  field,  or  any  armorial  charge,  i^  divided  by  transverse 
lines  perpendicularly  and  horizontally  into  equal  parts  or  squares  alternately  of  different 
tinctures,  like  a  chess-board.  On  ordinaries,  chequy  must  consist  of  at  least  three  ranges 
of  square  pieces. 


GLOSSARY. 


Quarterly/;   the    field,  or   charge,  divided   into   four  equal   parts  by  tvo   lines,   one 
perpendicular,  the  other  horizontal. 


Party  per  Fess ;  the  field,  or  charge,  divided  into  two  equal  parts  by  a  horizontal  line. 


Party  per   Bend;  the  field,  or  charge,  divided  into   two  equal  parts,  by  a  diagonal 
^1  line  from  the  dexter  chief  to  the  sinister  base. 


Party  per  Bend  Sinister ;  the  field,  or  charge,  divided  into  two  equal  parts  by  a  diagonal  line 
from  the  sinister  chief  to  the  dexter  base. 


Party  per  Chevron ;  the   field,  or  charge,  divided   into  two  equal  parts  by  two  lines 
meeting  pyramidically  in  the  fes» point,  drawn  from  the  dexter  and  sinister  base. 


Party  per  Saltire ;  the  field,  or  charge,  divided  into  four  equal  parts,  by  two  diagonal 
lines  crossing  each  other. 


Oyronny  of  Eight;  the  field  divided  into  eight  equal  parts  by  four  lines,  two  per 
saltire,  and  two  quarterly. 


ORDINAEIES. 

All  charges  of  Arms  are  either  proper  or  common  ;  those  charges  are  said  to  be  proper  which  by  a 
certain  property  do  particularly  belong  to  the  art  of  Heraldry,  and  are  of  ordinary  use  therein  ;  hence 
they  are  styled  ordinaries  ;  the  common  charges  are  the  representations  of  all  emblems  which  retain 
their  own  names  in  the  blazon.  The  term  here  employed  "  proper  "  must  not  be  confused  with  the 
similar  one  (see  Dictionary  of  Terms)  which  indicates  that  any  heraldic  charge  in  a  shield,  crest,  or 
supporter,  is  of  its  natural  colour  or  nature. 


The  principal  Ordinaries  are — 

The  Chief  (called  by  French  Heralds,  un  Chef,  signifying  head,  from  the  place  it  occupies 
in  the  shield)  is  the  whole  upper  part  of  the  field,  cut  off"  horizontally  by  a  straight  or  any 
other  of  the  partition  lines  used  in  Heraldry,  and  should  comprise  a  third  part*  of  the 
escutcheon. 

The  Pale  is  formed  by  two  linos  drawn  perpendicularly  from  the  top  to  the  base  of  the 
escutcheon,  comprising  a  third  part  of  the  field.  "  The  French,"  observes  Mjxckenzie, 
"  say  that  soldiers  of  old  carried  pales  of  wood  to  encamp  them,  which  they  fixed  in  the 
earth,"  and  thus  originated  this  heraldic  bearing. 


The  Bend  (Baltheus)  is  formed  by  two  linos  drawn  diagonally  from  the  dexter  chief  to 
the  sinister  base,  and  comprises  the  third  part  of  the  shield.  It  represents  a  shoulder- 
belt,  or  scarf. 


•  The  Chief  and  the  other  ordinariei  which  nro  mentioned  as  ocnipyinpr  a  third  part  of  the  escutcheon,  should,  strlctlj' 
Gomprlte  that  space;  but  In  armorial  drawings  thiR  rule  is  seldom  adhered  to. 


GLOSS  A.RY. 


The  Bend  Sinister  is  the  same  as  the  Bend,  exceptiag  that  the  lines  are  drawn  from  the 
einister  chief  to  the  dexter  base. 


The  Fess  is  formed  by  two  horizontal  lines  drawn  across  the  field,  comprising  the 
centre  third  part  of  the  escutcheon.  It  is  emblematic  of  the  miUtary  girdle  worn  round 
the  body  over  the  armour. 


The  Bar  is  a  diminutive  of  the  fess,  and  of  the  same  form,  containing  one-fifth  of  the  field,  and 
may  be  placed  in  any  part  of  the  escutcheon. 


The  Cross  is  composed  of  four  lines,  two  parallel  lines  perpendicular,  and  two  transverse, 
not  drawn  throughout,  but  meeting  by  couples  at  right  angles,  near  about  the  fess  point. 


TTie  Saltire  (the  Cross  of  St.  Andrew)  is  formed  by  four  lines,  two  drawn  from  the 
dexter  chief  towards  the  sinister  base,  and  the  others  from  the  sinister  chief  towards  the 
dexter  base,  meeting  in  the  middle  by  couples  in  acute  angles,  and  resembling  two  bends, 
dexter  and  sinister,  uniting  or  blending  where  they  cross. 


"When  charges  are  borne  upon  ordinaries,  they  are  described  "  on  a  fess,"  "  on  a  chevron,"  "  on  a 
bend,"  &c.,  as  the  case  may  be.  When  charges  are  placed  in  the  position  that  ordinaries  occupy,  they 
are  blazoned  as  "  in  pale,"  or  "  in  fess,"  or  "  in  bend,"  &c.,  as  the  case  may  be. 


The  Chevron  (supposed  by  some  writers  to  have  been  adopted  from  the  bow  of  a  war 
saddle,  which  rose  high  in  front)  is  formed  by  two  parallel  lines  drawn  from  the  dexter 
base,  meeting  pyramidically,  about  the  fess  point,  two  other  parallel  lines  drawn  from  the 
sinister  base. 


SUB-ORDINARIES. 

The  Border  {French,  Bordure)  was  formerly  a  mark  of  difference,  to  distinguish  one 
branch  of  a  family  from  another.  It  surrounds  the  field,  occupying  one-fifth  of  it,  and  is 
of  an  equal  breadth  at  every  part. 


The  Orle,  is  an  inner  border  that  does  not  touch  the  extremities  of  the  shield,  the  field 
being  seen  within  and  round  it  on  both  sides.  It  has  the  appearance  of  an  escutcheon 
voided,  or,  as  it  were,  insulated.     The  Tressure  is  a  diminutive  of  the  Orle. 


The  Inescutcheon,  is  a  small  escutcheon,  home  within  the  shield. 


The  Quarter,  is  the  space  formed  by  two  lines,  the  one  drawn  horizontally  from  the 
side  of  the  shield  to  the  centre,  and  the  other  perpendicularly  from  the  chief  to  meet  it  in 
the  same  place,  and  occupies  one-fourth  part  of  the  shield,  as  the  term  implies. 


TTie  Canton,  derived  from  cantonnle,  cornered,  is  less  than  the  Quarter,  comprising  only 
the  third  part  of  the  chief,  and  is  formed,  as  the  Quarter,  by  a  perpendicular  line  drawn 
from  the  top  of  the  shield,  meeting  another  drawn  horizontally  from  the  side.  The  Canton 
always  occupies  the  dexter  chief  of  the  escutcheon,  unless  otherwise  expressed. 


s 


Cheque,  or  Chequy,  is  used  when  the  field,  or  any  armorial  charge,  i^  divided  by  transverse 
lines  perpendicularly  and  horizontally  into  equal  parts  or  squares  alternately  of  different 
tinctures,  like  a  chess-board.  On  ordinaries,  chequy  must  consist  of  at  least  three  ranges 
of  square  pieces. 


GLOSSARY. 


Qri  f         Billets.     Billets  are  oblong  figures.     When  they  exceed  ten,  and  are  irregularly  placed, 
^  \  their  number  is  not  expressed  in  the  blazon ;  but  the  field  or  charge  covered  with  them  is 
said  to  be  billettee. 


The  Paile,  or  Pall,  is  composed  of  the  upper  half  of  a  saltire  and  half  a  pale,  the  latter 
issuiug  from  the  base  point  of  the  shield  to  the  centre. 


The  Oyron,  is  of  a  triangular  form,  composed  of  two  lines,  one  drawn  diagonally  from  the 
dexter  chief  angle  of  the  shield,  and  the  other  horizontally  from  the  dexter  side,  both  meeting  in  the 
centre. 


The  Pile  (representing  a  pile  used  in  the  erection  of  miUtary  bridges),  s-hould  contain, 
if  borne  plain,  one-third  of  the  chief  in  breadth,  and  when  charged,  two-thirds  :  it  issues 
from  the  chief  and  tapers  to  a  point,  like  a  wedge,  towards  the  base. 


The  Flaunch,  or  Flanque,  is  made  on  each  side  of  the  shield,. by  the  segment  of  a 
circular  superfices  drawn  from  the  corner  of  the  chief  to  the  base  point. 


The  Lozenge,  in  a  parallelogram  with  equal  sides,  forming  two  acute  and  two  obtuse 
angles. 


The  Mascle,  is  a  Lozenge  perforated  or  voided,  so  that  the  field  appears  through  the  opening. 

The  Fusil  (representing  a  kind  of  spindle  used  in  spinning)  resembles  the  lozenge  in  shape,  but 
is  somewhat  longer.  The  field  or  charge  when  divided  by  diagonal  lines  dexter  and  sinister,  so  as  to 
form  fusils  all  over  it,  is  denominated  Fusily.  There  are  two  other  well  known,  though  not  modernly 
adopted,  forms  of  the  fusil,  and  more  characteristic  of  the  spindle  which  they  are  intended  to 
represent. 

The  Roundle,  is  of  a  circular  form,  like  a  piece  of  money,  and  assumes  a  different  name  according 
to  its  tincture  :  — 


Sezant 

Yellow,  or  G-old. 

Plate 

White,  or  Silver. 

Torteau 

Red. 

Pomey 

Green,  or  Vert. 

Hurt 

Blue,  or  Azure. 

Ogress,  or 

Pellet    '.'.          '.'.          '.'. 

Black,  or  Sable. 

Golpe 

. . 

Purple. 

Orange 

Tawncy. 

Guze 

Sanguine. 

For  the  origin  or  meaning  of  these  charges,  see  them,  respectively,  in  the  Dictionary  of  Terms. 
The  Annulet,  is  a  ring,  the  tincture  of  which  must  be  expressed. 


Lozengy,  is  when  the  field  or  any  armorial  charge  is  divided  by  diagonal  linos  trans- 
versely, into  equal  parts  or  lozenges,  alternately  of  different  tinctures. 


The  Fret,  is  composed  of  six  pieces,  viz.,  two  long  ones  in  saltiro,  extending,  as  a  rule, 
but  not  necrflHarily,  to  the  extremity  of  the  field,  and  four  pieces  conjoined  in  the  centre 
in  the  form  of  a  mascle,  interlaced  or  fretted  by  those  in  saltire. 


GLOSSARY. 


XXXUl 


The  Qoutte,  is  the  representation  of  a  drop  of  liquid,  and  assumes  a  different  name  according  to 
its  tincture.  When  yellow,  it  is  called  goutte,  or  gutte,  d'or  ;  when  white,  goutte  d'eau  ;  when  red, 
goutte  de  sang ;  when  blue,  goutte  de  larmes ;  when  green,  goutte  de  vert ;  when  black,  goutte  de 
poix.  If  a  field,  or  charge,  be  covered  with  more  drops  than  ten,  it  is  termed  goutte  d'or,  de  larmes, 
de  poix,  as  the  case  may  be. 


THE  APPENDAGES  OF  THE  SHIELD. 

The  Selmet,  Mantling,  Wreath,  Crest,  Supporters,  and  Motto. 

The  Selmet,  Melme,  Casque,  or  Morion,  has  varied  in  shape  in  different  ages  and  countries.  The 
most  ancient  form  is  the  simplest,  composed  of  iron,  of  a  shape  fitted  to  the  head,  and  flat  upon  the 
top,  with  an  aperture  for  the  light.  This  is  styled  the  Norman  Helmet,  and  appears  on  very  old 
seals,  attached  to  the  Gorget,  a  separate  piece  of  armour  which  covered  the  neck.  In  the  twelfth 
century,  a  change  was  made  to  mark  the  rank  of  the  individual  bearer. 


The  Selmet  assigned  to  Kings  and  Princes  of  the  Blood  Roi/al,  is  full-faced,  composed 
of  gold,  with  the  beauvoir  divided  by  six  projecting  bars,  and  lined  with  crimson. 


The  Selmet  of  the  Nobiliti/  is  of   steel,  with  five  bars   of  gold :    it  is  placed  on  the 
shield  incUning  to  a  profile. 


The  Selmet  of  KnigJifs  and  Baronets-,  is  the  full-faced  steel  helmet,  with  the  visor 
thrown  back,  and  without  bars. 


The   Selmet   of    Esquires,   always  depicted   in    profile,  is   of    steel,  with   the  visor 
closed. 


Each  of  these  Helmets  is  placed  immediately  above  the  escutcheon,  and  supports  the  wreath  on 
which  is  the  crest. 


iizin 


MAEKS   OF   CADENCY. 


t^^(6) 


Differences,  or  Marks  of  Cadency,  are  the  distinctions  used  tb  indicate  the  various 
branches  or  Cadets  of  one  family.  The  eldest  son  during  the  lifetime  of  his  father  bears  a  Label ; 
the  second,  a  Crescent ;  the  third,  a  Mullet  ;  the  fourth,  a  Martlet ;  the  fifth,  an  Annulet ;  the  sixth, 
a  Fleur-de-lis  ;  the  seventh,  a  Rose  ;  the  eighth,  a  Cross  moline  ;  the  ninth,  a  Double  quatrefoiL 


XXXIV 


GLOSSARY. 


Croton0>  Coronets,  etc. 


Duke's  Coronet. 


Baron's  Coronet. 


VkmWi 


Naval  Crown. 


Celestial  Crown. 


Ducal  Coronet. 


Marquess's  Coronet.  Earl's  Coronet. 


Yiscount's  Coronet. 


Baron's  Cap.  King  of  Arms'  Crown. 


Crown  Pallisado.      Eastern  Crown,  or  Antique. 


Crown  Vallery. 


Mural  Crown.  Cap  of  Maintenance.  Civic  Crown. 


C6arge0  in  8)etaltirp. 


Mullet. 
Estoile. 
Crescent. 


Escallop. 
Fetterlock. 
Clarion,  or  Rest. 
Hawk's  Lure. 


Galtrap. 

Delve. 

Billet. 


Eagle's  head  erased. 
Falcon's  head  coupcd. 
Martlet. 


Annulet. 
Mullet  pierced. 
Pheon. 
Chessrook. 


Cinquefoil. 
Quatrefoil. 
Trefoil  slipped. 


Bugle. 

Stag  trippant. 


Falcon  close. 
Falcon  rising. 


Water  bouget. 
Miilrind,  or  Fer-de- 

moline. 
Gurges. 
Fountain. 


A  Fish  naiant. 
Fleur-de-lis. 


Rose. 

Q-arland. 

Garb  (orWheatsheaf) . 


Battering  Bam. 
Portcullis. 


Lion's  head  erased. 
Wolf's  head  erased. 
A  Lion's  gamb  erased. 
An  Eagle's  head  couped. 


Bear's  head  couped. 
Leopard's  face. 
Boar's  head  couped. 
Stag's  head  cabossed. 


Unicorn's  head  erased. 
Bull's  head  couped. 


A  Fish  embowed. 
A  Fish  haurient. 


DICTIONARY 


OF 


TEEMS    USED    IN    HERALDEY. 


Abased  (abaise)  is  applied  to  an  ordinary  borne 
below  its  usual  position. 

Abatements,  marks  of  degradation  of  coat  armour , 
of  which  heraldic  writers  enumerate  nine. 

Accolle  (the  same  as  gorged,  which  see). 

Accosted,  side  by  side. 

Accrued,  grown  to  matuinty. 

Acorned,  bearing  acorns. 

Addorsed,  placed  back  to  back. 

Affrontee,  full-faced. 

Aisle,  winged. 

Alant,  6r  aland,  a  mastiff  dog  with  short  ears. 

Allerion,  an  eagle  without  beak  or  feet. 

Amethyst,  a  precious  stone,  formerly  used  to  ex- 
press purpure. 

Ancred,  or  anchored,  applied  to  a  cross,  of  which 
the  four  extremities  resemble  the  flook  of  an 
anchor.     See  imder  Crosses. 

Annulet,  a  ring. 


Antelope,  the  animal  of  that  name. 
Theheraldic  antelope  is  represented 
somewhat  differently  as  shown  on 
the  annexed  cut. 


Appaume,  the  hand  open,  presenting  the  palm, 
and  the  fingers  and  thumb  at  full  length. 

Argent,  silver  or  white. 

Armed.  All  birds  which  have  talons  and  bills 
that  aid  them  to  seize  and  rend  their  prey,  are 
in  blazon  said  to  be  armed  when  those  weapons 
differ  in  tincture  from  their  bodies.  But  to 
swans,  wild  geese,  and  other  birds  without 
talons,  the  word  armed  does  not  apply.  They, 
in  like  case,  are  termed  beaked  and  membered. 
Beasts  are  also  described  as  armed,  when  their 
horns  or  hoofs  are  of  another  colour  than  their 
bodies. 

Arrache,  same  as  Erased. 

Arrondie,  made  circular  or  round. 

Assis,  same  as  Sejant. 

Atchievement,  a  term  used  for  a  fully  marshalled 
coat,  but  generally  for  a  funeral  hatchment. 

Attired,  is  applied  to  the  horns  of  animals  of  the 
deer  species,  instead  of  armed,  as  they  are 
supposed  to  wear  their  antlers  not  as  weapons, 
but  ornaments. 

Attires,  the  horns  of  a  buck. 

Azure,  blue. 

Itailloni,  applied  to  a  lion  holding  a  staff  in  his 

mouth. 
Balista,  an  engine  to  throw  stones  and  darts,  also 

called  a  Swepe. 
Banded,  encircled  with  a  band  or  ribband. 
Bar.     See  p.  xxxi. 
Barbed,  is  derived  from  the  French  word  "  barbe." 

The  five  leaves  which  appear  on  the  outside  of 


a  full-blown  rose  are,  in  Heraldry,  called  the 

barbs,  and  thus  blazoned,  a  rose  gu.  barbed  and 

seeded  ppr. 
Barnacles,  instruments  used  by  farriers  to  curb 

horses. 
Baron  and  femme  (per),  impalement  of  the  arms 

of  husband  and  wife. 


Bars-Oemel,  two  bars  or  barrulets 
placed  parallel  to  each  other,  the 
the  word  Gemel  being  derived  from 
"  Qemelli,"  twins. 


Barrulet,  a  diminutive  of  the  bar. 

Barry  and  barruly,  describes  the  field  or  charge, 
divided  by  lines  horizoatal. 

Basilisk.  An  heraldic  monster,  resembUng  in 
shape  the  wivem  or  cockatrice,  but  having,  at 
the  end  of  its  tail,  the  head  of  a  dragon. 

Basnet  {basinet),  an  old  name  for  a  helmet. 

Baton,  derived  from  the  French  word  baston, 
staff  or  cudgel,  and  generally  borne  as  a  mark 
of  Bastardy.  It  does  not  go  from  side  to  side 
of  the  shield  as  the  bend  does ;  but  is  couped 
in  the  form  of  a  truncheon. 

Battering-ram,  an  instrument  used  by  the  ancients 
to  beat  down  the  walls  of  a  besieged  city.  See 
p.  xxxiv. 

Battled  arrondie,  denotes  that  the  battlement  is 
rounded  at  the  top. 

Battled-imbattled,  one  battlement  upon  another. 

Beacon,  a  contrivance  anciently  used  to  warn 
against  the  approach  of  an  enemy,  and  to  alai-m 
the  country.  It  is  represented  as  an  iron  grate 
or  basket  containing  tire,  on  the  top  of  a  high 
pole  or  pillar,  against  which  a  ladder  is  placed. 

Beaked.     See  Armed. 

Bearing,  applicable  to  any  single  charge  or 
heraldic  device. 

Belled,  applied  to  the  hawk,  to  which  bells  are 
generally  affixed. 

Bend.    See  p.  xxx. 

Bendlet,  a  diminutive  of  the  Bend,  of  which  it  is 
half  the  size  in  breadth. 

Bendy,  describes  a  field  or  charge  divided,  dia- 
gonally, into  four,  six,  eight,  or  more  equal 
parts. 


Bendy  bordure. 


Bezant,  the  current  coin  of  Byzantium,  or  Con- 
stantinople—in English  Heraldry,  represented 
as  round  flat  pieces  of  gold  without  unpress. 

Bezants,  seme  of  bezants. 


2* 


xxxvi 


DICTIONARY  OF  TERMS 


Billets  are  oblong   squares,  by  some  supposed  to 
represent    bricks,    by   others  letters.      See   p. 

ixxii. 
Billete,  seme  of  billets. 
Bird-bolt,  a  small  arrow  with  a  blunt  head. 
Border,  or  bordure.   See  p.  xxxi. 
Botonny,  appKed  to  a  cross,  whose  extremities 

reseirble  the  trefoil.     See  Crosses. 
Bouget.     See  Water  bouget. 
Bowed,  embowed  or  arched. 
Braced,  same  as  interlaced. 
Bretesse,  imbattled,  that  has  its  battlements  on 

each  side,  one  against  the  other. 
Brimsey,  a  gad-fly. 
Brassarts,  and  brassets,  armour  for  the  elbows 

and  arms. 
Burgonet,  a  sort  of  steel  cap,  formerly  worn  by 

foot  soldiers  in  battle. 


Cabossed,  caboshed,  caborsed,  or  trunked,  signifies 
the  head  of  any  beast  looking  right  forward,  or 
full-faced,  with  nothing  of  the  neck  seen. 

Cabree,  or  effray,  or  saliant,  terms  applied  to  a 
horse  rising  on  its  hind  feet. 

Cadency,  marks  of.     See  p.  xxxiii. 

Caltrap,  or  galtrap,  or  chevaltrof,  an  instrument 
made  of  iron,  which,  in  ancient  time,  was  used 
in  war  to  gall  and  wound  the  horses'  feet,  it 
having  spikes  so  placed  that  whichever  way  it 
lay  upon  the  ground  one  point  would  always  be 
uppermost.     See  p.  xiv. 

Calvary  cross.     See  Cross^ 

Canting  arms,  such  as  have  any  punning  reference 
or  aUusion  to  the  name  of  the  bearer. 

Canton.     See  p.  xxxi. 

Cartouche,  a  variously  formed  and  fancifully 
fashioned  oval,  on  which  it  was  the  custom  of 
the  old  Heralds  to  depict  the  armorials  of  the 
Popes  and  all  churchmen,  deeming  the  ordi- 
nary shield  as  inappropriate  to  their  calling. 

Cap  of  maintenance,  or  dignity,  by  the  French 
called  a  chapeau,  a  head -gear  of  crimson  velvet 
turned  up  with  ermine.     See  p.  xixiv. 

Caparison,  the  furniture  of  a  war-horse. 

Carbuncle,  or  escarbuncle,  a  precious  stone  whose 
lustre  was  vulgarly  supposed  not  to  be  darkened 
by  the  night ;  in  Heraldry  rays  are  a  represen- 
tation of  this  bearing. 

Casque,  a  helmet. 

Castle,  this  bearing  in  heraldry  is  generally  repre- 
sented by  two  towers  with  a  wall  between 
them,  the  wall  being  embattled  and  having  a 
gateway  or  entrance.  A  castle  with  three 
towers  is  similar  to  the  last,  but  has  a  third 
tower  similar  to  the  other  two  appearing  be- 
hind the  gateway. 

Cat-a-mountain,  a  wild  cat  always  drawn  guard- 
ant. 

Catharine-wheel,  an  instrument  of  torture  with 
iron  teeth,  called  from  St.  Catharine,  the  virgin 
having  suffered  upon  it. 

Centaur,  or  Sagittarius,  an  imaginary  creature,  half 
man  and  half  horse. 

CercelUe,  or  recercellie,  appUed  to  a  cross  curling 
at  the  ends. 

Chain-shot,  bullets  united  with  a  chain. 

Chamber  piece,  a  short  piece  of  ordnance  without 
a  gun  carriage.     See  Mortar. 

Champagne,  a  lino  of  partition.     See  p.  xiix. 

Chapeau.     See  Cap  of  maintenance. 

Chaplet,  a  garknd  of  flower  and  leaves. 

Charged  (French,  charg6),  applicable  to  the  field 
or  ordinaries  bearing  any  device  upon  them. 

Charges,  the  bearings  and  emblems  of  Heraldry. 

ChautsS,  shod. 

Chequy  or  cheeky.     See  p.  ixxij. 


Cherub,  a  celestial  being,  frequently  represented 
in  Heraldry,  as  an  infant's  head  between 
wings.  This  is  a  Hebrew  word,  the  plural  of 
which  is  cherubim. 

Chess-rook,  a  piece  used  in  the  game  of  chess. 
See  p.  xiv. 


Chevron. 
p.  ix. 


See  p.  X.   Fer  chevron. 


Chevronel,  a  diminutive  of   the  chev- 
ron, of  which  it  is  half  the  size. 


Chief.     See  p.  xxx. 

Chimera,  an  imaginary  figure,  represented  with 

a  maiden's  face,  a  lion's  mane  and  legs,  a  goat's 

body,  and  a  dragon's  tail. 
Chough.     See  Cornish  chough. 
Cinquefoil,  a  grass  of  five  leaves.     See  p.  xiv. 
Civic  wreath,  or  crown,  a  garland  composed  of  oak 

leaves  and  acorns.     See  p.  xxxiv. 
Clarion,  or  clarioord,  the  rest  for  a  lance.     See 

p.  xxxiv. 
Clenched,  the  hand  shut. 
Close,  denotes  the  wings  of  a  bird  lying  to  the 

body. 
Closet,  a  diminutive  of  the  bar. 

Cockatrice,  a  monster  with  the  wings 
and  legs  of  a  fowl,  and  the  tail  of  a 
snake ;  it  difiers  from  the  wyvern 
by  having  the  head,  comb,  wattles, 
and  spurs  of  a  dung-hill  cock. 

Combatant,  fighting,  or  rampant  face  to  face. 

Compony,  and  compony  counter-compony,  describes 
a  border,  pale,  bend,  or  other  ordinary  made  up, 
the  first  of  one  row  and  the  second  of  two  rows 
of  squares,  consisting  of  metals  and  colours 
alternately. 

Confronts,  facing,  or  "  respecting  "  each  other. 

Conjoined,  joined  together. 

Conjoined  in  lure,  is  applied  to  two  wings  joined 
together  with  their  tips  downwards. 

Contourne,  applied  to  an  animal  in  any  position, 
with  its  face  to  the  sinister  side  of  the  es- 
cutcheon. 

Corded,  an  ordinary  or  charge  bound  with  cords. 

Cornish  chough,  a  bird  of  the  raven  species,  com- 
monly accounted  the  king  of  crows  ;  it  is  black, 
with  beak  and  legs  of  a  reddish  yellow. 

Coronet,  the  badge  or  cognizance  of  Princes  and 
Peers.     See  pp.  xvii.  and  xxxiv. 

Cotised,  or  cottised  (French,  bande  di- 
minu.'e  qui  cotoye  une  autre  bande)  is  j 
a  diminutive  of  the  bend,  being  one- 
fourth  of  its  breadth,  and  one-half  of 
the  width  of  the  bendlet.  They  are  ' 
generally  borne  in  couples  with  a 
bend  or  charge  between  them.  When  there  are 
two,  they  are  then  termed  coftises,  but  when 
borne  on  each  side  of  the  fess  or  bend,  are 
usually  blazoned  a  bend  or  fess  cotised. 

Cotton-hank,  a  skein  of  cotton  yam,  in  a  bow  or 
knot. 

Couchant,  applies  to  an  animal  lying  down.  See 
Lion  couchant. 

Counter,  clianged. 

Counter  changed.     See  p.  xxix. 

Couped,  term  used  when  the  head  or  limb  of  an 
animal,  or  when  any  other  charge  is  cut  off  by 
an  even  line. 

Couple-close,  a  diminutive  of  the  chevron,  and 
often  borne  with  it  as  the  cotise  is  borne  with 


USED  IN  HERALDRY. 


xxxvu 


the  bend  ;  it  contains  one  fourth  of  the  chevron, 
and  is  always  borne  in  pairs,  and  should  be 
blazoned  "  a  chev.  betw.  two  couple-closes." 

Courant,  running. 

Covert,  a  term  appHed  to  a  chief  which  has  a 
piece  of  hanging  falling  over  its  upper  part,  so 
as  not  to  hide,  but  only  to  be  a  covering  to  it. 

Coward,  an  animal  is  termed  coward  when  drawn 
with  its  tail /between  its  legs. 

Cramp,  a  piece  of  iron,  turned  up  at  each  end, 
usually  borne  in  pairs. 

Crampet,  or  batter olle,  the  steel  mounting  at  the 
bottom  of  the  scabbard. 

Crescent.  The  crescent  differs  from  the  in- 
cescent  and  the  decrescent;  in  having  its  horns 
turned  towards  the  chief  of  the  shield. 

Crenelle.     See  Emlattled. 

Crined,  is  used  when  the  beard  or  hair  difEers  in 
tincture  from  the  body. 

Cronel,  the  iron  head  of  a  tilting-spear. 

Crosier,  the  staff  of  a  prelate. 

Cross.  See  p.  xxxi.  The  principal  forms  of 
crosses  are, — 


cross  mohne. 
cross  crosslet. 
cross  patonce. 
cross  pattee,  or 
formee. 


cross  engrailed, 
cross  couped,  or 

humettee. 
cross  potent, 
cross  pomel. 


cross  fimbriated, 
cross  wavy, 
cross  formee. 
cross  flory. 


cross  patriarchal. 


cross  rayonnant. 


cross  crosslet 

fitchee. 
cross  botonnee. 
cross  potent, 
cross  pattee 

fitchee. 


cross  raguly. 

cross  quarterpierced. 

cross  formee  fitchee 

at  the  foot, 
cross  pattee  flory. 


cross  aiguisee. 
cross  recerceUee. 
cross  aveUane. 
cross  humettee. 


cross  calvary. 


cross  passion. 


Crusily,  when  the  field  or  charge  is  strewed  over 
with  crosses. 


Cubit-arm,  an  arm  with  the  hand  attached,  oouped 

at  the  elbow. 
Cuisses,  the  armour  covering  the  thighs  and  knees. 
Cygnet,  a  young  swan. 

Dancette  (in  French,  dancke  and  dentelle)  is  ap- 
plied to  lines,  of  which  the  teeth  or  indents  are 
larger  and  wider  than  those  of  the  line  indented. 
See  Partition  lines,  p.  xxix. 

Debruised,  signifies  an  ordinary  or  sub-ordinary 
placed  over  an  animal  or  other  charge.  (See 
Surmounted) 

Decked.  When  the  feathers  of  a  bird  are  trimmed 
at  the  edges  with  a  small  Line  of  different  tinc- 
ture from  the  rest  of  the  body,  they  are  said 
to  be  decked  of  such  colour  or  metal. 

Decrescent,  a  half  moon,  having  the  horns  towards 
the  sinister  side  of  the  shield. 

Defamed,  an  animal  without  a  tail. 

Degreed,  or  degraded,  having  degrees,  or  steps, 
at  the  end. 

Dejected,  a  term  in  old  blazon  for  anything  thrown 
down,  as  "  A  garb  dejected." 

Delve,  one  of  the  nine  marks  of  "  abatement,"  a 
mark  of  disgrace  for  him  who  revokes  a  chal- 
lenge, or  goes  from  his  word ;  it  resembles  a 
square  turf  or  clod  of  earth.     See  p.  xxxiv. 

Demembre,  or  dismembered,  is  said  of  an  animal 
or  other  charge  cut  into  pieces,  which  are  set  at 
small  distances  from  each  other,  but  still  pre- 
serve the  form  of  the  figure. 

Demi,  the  half  ;  in  Heraldry  the  head  or  top  part 
is  always  understood  when  no  other  is  men- 
tioned. 

Derrache,  the  same  as  demembre. 

Despectani,  a  term  applied   to   animals  looking 

downwards. 
Developed,  unfurled,  as  colours  flying. 
Dimidiated,  divided  into  two  equal  parts. 
Disclosed,  expanded,  or  expansed,  terms  given  to 
ail  tame  fowl  instead  of  displayed. 


Displayed,  applied  to  any  bird  of  prey 
with  its  wings  expanded. 


Distilling,  letting  blood. 
Distinctions  of  houses.     See  Cadency. 
Dormant,  sleeping. 

Dove-tail,  in  form  of  the  well-known  wedges  called 
dove-tail.     See  Partition  lines,  p.  xxxix. 


Dragon,  an  imaginary  heraldic  monster. 


Drapeau,  a  flag. 

Drawing-iron,  an  instrument  used  by  wire- 
drawers. 

Ducal  coronet,  or  Crest  coronet,  is  composed  of 
four  leaves,  all  of  equal  height  above  the  rim. 
See  p.  xxxiv. 

Duciper,  a  cap  of  maintenance.     See  p.  xxxiv. 

Eastern  crown,  the  crown  formerly  worn  by  the 
Jewish  kings.     See  p.  xxxiv. 

Eightfoil,  an  eight-leaved  grass  {huitfoiT). 

Elevated,  applied  to  the  wings  of  birds  when  open 
and  upright. 

Embattled,  or  imbattled  (French,  cre- 
nellee) ,  the  battlementa  of  towers,  i 
churches,  and  houses  ;  one  of  the  hnes  , 
of  partition  {which  see,  p.  xxix.). 
When  an  ordinary  is  so  msirked  on  I 
each  side  it  is  said  t^  be  "  embattled 
and  counter-embattled." 


XXXVlll 


DICTIONARY  OF  TERMS 


Embowed  (French,  cowrie),  applicable  to  anything 
bent  or  bowed. 

Embrved,  bloody. 

Enaluron,  eight  birds  placed  in  the  border. 

Endorse,  a  diminutiye  of  the  pale,  of  which  it  is 
the  fourth  part. 

Endorsed,  same  as  Addorsed. 

Enfield,  an  imaginary  heraldic  animal,  composed 
of  the  head  of  a  fox,  the  chest  of  an  elephant, 
the  mane  of  a  horse,  the  forelegs  of  an  eagle, 
the  body  and  hind  legs  of  a  greyhound,  and  the 
tail  of  a  lion.     It  is  the  crest  of  O'Kelly. 

Enfiled,  a  term  appUed  to  the  head  of  an  animal, 
or  any  other  charge,  pierced  by  the  blade  of  a 
weapon. 

Englishman's  head,  applied  in  Welsh  blazon  as 
commemorative  of  some  achievement  performed 
in  the  struggle  against  the  EngUsh  for  Cambrian 
independence.  Thus  the  Lloyds  of  Plymog 
derived,  in  common  with  the  house  of  Tudor, 
from  Ednyfed  Vychan,  Lord  of  Brynfenigle, 
who  defeated  the  English  army  under  Ran- 
dolph, Earl  of  Chester,  and  killed  three  of  their 
commanders,  bear  to  this  day,  Gu.  a  chev.  erm. 
betw.  three  Englishmen's  heads  in  profile  ppr. 

Engoule,  a  term  given  to  all  bends,  crosses,  sal- 
tii-es,  and  other  pieces,  when  their  extremities 
enter  the  mouths  of  animals 

Engrailed,  a  line  of  partition.     See  p.  xxix. 

Enhanced,  denotes  an  ordinary  placed  higher  than 
its  usual  place.     See  the  coat  of  Byron. 

Enmanche,  an  heraldic  sleeve.    See  Manch. 

Ensigned,  a  charge  having  any  other  relative  one 
placed  above  it  is  said  to  be  "  ensigned  "  with 
such  charge. 

Enurney,  a  border  charged  with  eight  animals, 

Environne,  surrounded. 

Enwrapped,  folded  round. 

Epaulier,  the  armour  on  the  shoulder. 

Equipped,  appUed  to  a  horse  when  furnished  with 
all  his  trappings. 

Eradicated,  torn,  or  rooted  up  by  the  roots  ;  ap- 
lied  only  to  trees  or  plants. 

Erased,  forcibly  torn  from  the  body  ;  a  head, 
Jimb,  or  other  object  erased,  has  its  severed 
parts  jagged. 

Erect,  upright. 

Ermine        "| 

Erminois      >     Furs.     See  p.  xxviii. 

Ermines       j 

Escallop-shell,  the  pilgrims'  badge  in  their  ex- 
pedition to  holy  shrines. 

Escarbuncle,  a  precious  stone,  fancifully  exag- 
gerated in  heraldic  representation.  JSee  the 
coat  of  Mandeville. 

Escutcheon,  points  of.     See  p.  xxviii. 

Escutcheon  of  pretence,  is  the  shield  on  which  a 
man  carries  the  arms  of  his  wife,  if  she  be  an 
heiress  or  co-heiress.  It  is  borne  in  the  centre 
of  his  own  shield,  and  is  usually  of  the  same 
shape. 

Esquirre  is  a  bearing  similar  to  the  gyron,  but 
differs  from  it  in  that  the  gyron  cannot  extend 
beyond  the  fess  point  of  the  shield,  while  the 
esquirre  may  extend  all  across.  The  well-known 
coat  of  Mortimer  is  an  example  of  the  Esquirre. 

Ealoile,  a  star ;  in  heraldry  it  has  six  waving 
points,  which  distinguishes  it  from  the  mullet, 
which  has  five  straight  ones. 

Evett  or  lizard,  a  small  animal  in  form  like  a 
crocodile,  used  in  the  arms  of  the  ancient  Irish 
families  ;  it  is  generally  depicted  vert. 

Expanded,  or  expansed,  the  same  as  displayed. 

Falchion,  a  kind  of  broadsword. 
Fan,  the   instrument   by   which   chaff   is   blown 
away. 


Feathered,  is  applied  to  arrows  when  the  pliune  is 
of  a  different  tincture  to  the  shafts  ;  it  is  also 
c&MeA  flighted. 

Fer-de-moline,  the  original  name  for  the  iron  fixed 
in  the  centre  of  a  millstone,  serving  to  bear  it 
up  and  gioide  its  motion ;  by  some  it  is  com- 
monly called  a  millrind,  and  by  others  an  inJc' 
moline  and  inke-de-moline. 

Fer-de-Jburchetfe,  a  term  given  to  all  crosses  and 
saltires  whose  extremities  end  with  a  forked 
iron. 

Femau,  ovfermaile,  the  buckle  of  a  belt. 

Fess,  one  of  the  honourable  ordinaries.  See  p. 
xxxi.     Per  fess.     See  p.  xxx. 

Fetterlock.     See  p.  xxxiv. 

Feuil-de-scie,  a  pale,  or  fess,  indented  on  one  side 
with  small  teeth  like  the  edge  of  a  saw. 

Field,  is  the  whole  surface  of  the  escutcheon,  or 
shield,  upon  which  the  charges,  or  bearings,  are 
depicted. 

Figured,  a  term  sometimes  used  in  blazoning 
charges  depicted  with  human  faces,  as  the  sun, 
crescents,  bezants,  &c. 

File.     See  Label. 

Fillet,  a  diminutive  of  the  chief. 

Fimbriated,  bordered  or  hemmed  with  a  different 
tincture. 

Firme,  applied  to  a  cross  pattee  when  it  extends 
to  each  side  of  the  escutcheon. 

Fireball,  a  grenade,  or  bomb,  with  flames  issuing 
from  the  top. 

Fire  beacon.     See  Beacon. 

Fitche,  pointed  at  the  end. 

Flanches,  or  flaunches  (see  ante),  divisions  of  the 
shield,  always  on  both  sides,  formed  by  the 
segment  of  a  circle  drawn  from  the  chief  to  the 
base.     See  p.  xxxii. 

Fleur-de-lis,  the  flower  of  the  lily.  The  heraldic 
lily  differs  from  that  of  the  garden  in  having 
three  leaves  instead  of  five.     See  p.  xiv. 

Fleury,  flurty,  fioretty,  or  flory,  flowered  vidth 
fleurs-de-lis. 

Flexed,  bent,  or  bowed. 

Flotant,  floating. 

Flotoer  of  the  flag,  another  name  for  the  fleur-de- 
lis. 

Flouretti,  same  as  Fleury. 

Foliated,  leaved. 

Formee.     See  Pattee. 

Fountain,  a  roundle  ban-y  wavy  of  six  ar.  and  az. 
See  p.  xxxiv. 

Fracted,  broken. 

Fraise,frasier,  or  f raze,  the  Scotch  technical  for 
" cinquefoil."  The  coat  of  Frazer  is  a  "cant- 
ing "  one  so  blazoned. 

Fresne,  rearing  or  standing  on  the  hind  legs. 

Fret.     See  p.  xxxii. 

Fretty,  interlaced  fillets  crossing  the  field  or 
charge  lozenge  ways. 

Fructed,  bearing  fruit. 

Fumant,  emitting  smoke. 

Furchy,  forked  at  the  end. 

Furnished,  applied  to  a  horse  when  bridled,  sad- 
dled, and  completely  caparisoned  ;  it  is  appUca- 
ble  to  other  things,  as  the  attires  of  a  stag,  &c., 
furnished  with  six  antlers. 

Furs.     See  p.  xxviii. 

Fusil.     See  p.  xxxii. 

Fusilly.     See  p.  xxxii. 

Oad-bee,  a  dun  fly,  or  brinsey. 

Oads,  plates  of  steel  or  iron. 

Oaltrap.     See  Caltrap. 

Qallies,  ancient  ships  with  oars  ;  also  called  lym- 

phad.     See  Lymphad. 
Oamb   (from   the  French  "  jambe ")    the   whole 

foreleg  of  a  lion  or  other  beast ;  if  couped  or 


USED  IN  HERALDRY. 


emsed  near  the  middle  joint,  it  is  then  only  a 
paw. 

Garb,  a  sheaf  of  any  kind  of  grain  ;  but  when 
other  than  wheat,  the  kind  must  be  expressed. 

Oardant,  or  guardant,  front  or  fuUfaced.  See 
Oaze,  as  applied  to  beasts  of  chase. 

Garde-visure,  the  vizor  of  a  helm  et. 

Garland,  a  wreath  of  leaves  or  flowers. 

Garnished,  ornamented. 

Garter,  a  circular  buckled  ribband,  generally 
bearing  the  motto  of  some  order  of  knight- 
hood. 

Gauntlet,  an  iron  glove,  or  armour  for  the  hand. 


Oaze,  applied  to  a  beast  of  chase  when 
looking  full  front.  See  Oardant,  as 
appUed  to  other  animals  in  this 
position. 


Gem  ring,  a  ring  set  with  a  diamond  or  other 

precious  stone  or  gem. 
Gemel.     See   Bars  gemel. 
Gillyflower,  or  July  flower,  a,  species  of  cajmation 

of  a  blood-red  colour. 
Giron.     See  Oyron. 

Girt,  or  girded,  bound  round  with  a  band. 
Givers,  or  gringalee,  crosses,   saltires,   or  other 
figures,   having   serpents'    heads   at   their   ex- 
tremities. 
Gliding,  applied  to  snakes,  serpents,  adders,  &.c., 

when  moving  forward  fessways. 
Glory,  a  series  of  rays  surrounding   or   issuing 

from  a  charge  or  ordinary. 
Gobony,  same  as  Compony. 
Golden  fleece.     See  Toison  d'or. 
Golpes,  roundles  of  a  purple  colour. 
Gonfannon,  a  standard,  banner,  or  ensign. 
Gordian  knot,  represents  a  double  orle  of  annu- 
lets linked  to  each  other,  and  to  one  in  the 
centre  gyi-onwise. 
Gore,  or  gusset,  an  abatement  of  honour,  consist- 
ing of  two  curved  lines,  one  from  the  sinister 
chief  point,  the   other  from  the  base  middle 
point,  both  meeting  in  an  acute  angle  at  the 
f  ess  point. 
Gorge,  a  term  used  by  the  old  Heralds  for  a 

water-bouget. 
Gorged,  encircled  round  the  throat. 
Gorges,  a  whirlpool.     See  p.  xxxiv. 
Gorget,  armour  for  the  breast. 
Ghutte,  a  drop.     See  p.  xxxiii.,  also  Onttee. 
Gradient,  applied  to  a  tortoise  when  supposed  to 

be  walking. 
Chappling-iron,    an    instrument    used  in  naval 

warfare. 
Greave,  armour  that  protects  the  legs. 
Grices,  young  wild  boara. 

Grieces,  steps,  or  degrees,  on  which  crosses  are 
sometimes  placed. 

Qriffin,  or  gryphon,  an 
imaginary  animal,  the  up- 
per haK  that  of  an  eagle, 
and  the  lower  half  that  of 
a  Hon. 

Griffin-male,  the  same  as  griffin  without  wings, 

but  having  large  ears. 
Orittie,  a  term  for  the  field,  composed  equally  of 

metal  and  colour. 
Chiardant.     See  Oardant. 
Guidon,  or  pennon,  a  flag. 
Guiure,  or  gringole,  from    guivris,   a    viper,    or 

serpent,  applied  to  crosses,  saltires,  and  other 

figures,  when  their  extremities  terminate  with 

heads  of  serpents,  &c. 
Gules,  the  colour  red. 


Gun  shot,  or  gun  stone,  a  very  ancient  heraldic 
term  for  the  roundle  called  ogress  or  pellet, 
which  is  invariably  sable  or  black. 

Gurges.     See  Gorges. 

Outtee,  or  gutty,  from  the  Latin  gutta,  a  drop, 
implies  sprinkled  and  liquid  drops,  termed 
gouttes,  and  varying  in  colour,  as  follow — 

Guttee  d'huile,  or  guttee  d' olive,  represents  drops 
of  oil  of  vert  or  green  colour. 

Guttee  de  larmes,  sprinkled  with  tears,  painted  to 
represent  water,  or  tears. 

Outtee  de'eau,  sprinkled  with  water,  and  so  repre- 
sented. 

Guttee  d'or,  drops  of  gold. 

Guttee  de  poix,  sprinkled  with  pitch,  painted  sable 
or  black. 

Guttee  de  sang,  sprinkled  with  blood,  painted 
red. 

Outtee  reversed,  when  the  drops  are  placed  con- 
trary to  their  natural  position. 

Guzes,  roundles  of  blood  colour. 

Gyron.     See  p.  xxxii. 

Gyronny,  the  division  of  the  shield  by  cross  and 
saltire,  in  parts  from  six  to  twelve. 

Sabergeon,  a  short  coat  of  mail,  consisting  of  a 

jacket  without  sleeves. 
Habited,  clothed,  sometimes  blazoned,  vested. 
Halbert,  a  pole-axe. 
Half-spear,  a  spear  with  a  short  handle. 


Harpy,  a  fabulous  monster,  represented 
as  a  bird  with  a  virgin's  face,  neck,  and 
breasts,  and  a  vulture's  body  and  legs. 


Harpoon,  a  salmon  or  eel-spear.  See  arms  of 
Glynn. 

Harrow,  the  instrument  used  in  husbandry. 

Hart,  a  stag  after  its  sixth  year. 

Harvest-fly,  a  butterfly. 

Hatchment,  or  achievement,  the  bearings  of  a 
deceased  person,  usually  placed  on  the  front  of 
the  house. 

Hauberk,  a  twisted  coat  of  mail. 

Haurient,  or  hauriant,  applied  to  a  fish  when 
erect  or  upright,  as  if  putting  the  head  above 
water  to  suck  in  thje  air. 

Hausse,  or  enhanced,  applied  to  a  chevron  or 
fesse  when  placed  higher  than  their  usual 
position. 

Hawk,  or  falcon,  the  ordinary  bird  of  prey. 

Hawk's  bells  and  jesses,  the  jesses  are  leather 
thongs  with  which  the  bells  are  fastened  to  the 
hawk's  legs. 

Hawk's  lure,  a  decoy  used  by  falconers,  com- 
posed of  two  wings  conjoined,  with  their  tips 
downwards,  joined  with  a  line  and  ring.  See 
p.  xxxiv. 

Heads,  either  of  men,  beasts,  birds,  &c.,  are  com- 
mon bearings  in  coat  armour,  and  must  have 
their  position  expressed  in  the  blazon  ;  in  pro- 
file, or  sidefaced  ;  affronte  and  guardant,  when 
f  ullfaced  ;  and  reguardant,  when  looking  back- 
wards. The  term  head,  without  any  addition, 
implies  sidefaced,  or  in  profile. 
Healme,  or  casque,  a  helmet. 
Helmet.     See  p.  xxxiii. 

Hemp  break,  or  hackle,  an  instrument  formerly 
used  to  break  or  bruise  hemp.      See  arms  of 
Hampson. 
Herd,  used  to  express  a  company  or  number  of 

deer  together. 
Hill,  or  hillock,  sometimes  used  in  heraldry  when 
only  one  hill  is  used,  but  if  more  than  one  be 
borne  they  are  called  hillocks  or  molehills. 
Hilted,  refers  to  the  handle  of  a  sword. 


DICTIONARY  OF  TERMS 


Sind,  female  steg,  generally  blazoned  trippant. 

Honour  point.     See  p.  xiviii. 

Sood,  the  coif  or  hood  of  a  monk. 

Hooded,  is  said  of  the  human  face  when  the  head 
dress  is  of  a  different  tincture ;  and  of  the 
hawk,  or  other  bird  of  prey,  when  borne  with 
a  hood  over  the  head,  a  covering  used  in 
falconry. 

Hoofed,  the  particular  tincture  of  the  hoofs  of 
animals,  when  borne  of  tincture  different  from 
the  animal  itself,  must  be  expressed  in  the 
blazon  ;  cloven  footed  animals  are  said  to  be 
unguled. 

Horned,  animals  borne  with  horns  arp  said  to  be 
horned  of  such  a  metal  or  colour  when   the 
horns  differ  in  tincture  from  the  animal  itself, 
or  from  the  natural  colour  of  such  horns,  but  | 
see  as  to  this,  Attired. 

Huit-foil.     See  Eightfoil. 

Humet,  or  humette,  applied  to  a  fesse,  chevron, 
cross,  or  other  ordinary,  when  cut  off  or  couped, 
BO  that  the  extremities  do  not  reach  the  sides 
of  the  shield. 

Hunting-horn,  cornet,  or  buglehorn,  a  common 
bearing  in  coat  armour,  representing  an  ordi- 
nary semicircular  horn  ;  and  when  the  baudreck 
or  belt  is  of  another  colour,  it  should  be  ex- 
pressed as  stringed  of  such  a  tinct\ire. 

Hurst,  a  group  of  trees. 

Hurts,  roundles  of  azure  or  blue. 

Hurty,  charged  with  hurts,  or  semee  of  hurts, 
strewed  with  hvirts  without  any  regard  to 
number. 

Husk,  the  upper  part  of  the  stalk  from  which  the 
gillyflower  or  pink  blows  ;  it  is  not  expressed 
unless  borne  contrary  to  its  natural  colour. 

Hydra,  a  many -headed  dragon. 

Ibex,  an  imaginary  animal,  somewhat  resembling 

the  heraldic  antelope,   but  with  two   straight 

horns  projecting  from  the  forehead,  serrated, 

or  edged  like  a  saw. 
Imbattled,  or    embattled  (French   bretesse,   cre- 
nelle), applied  to  any  ordinary  when  the  line 

forming  it  is  embattled.     See  Lines,  p.  xxix. 
Imbowed.     See  JEmbowed. 
Imbrued,   or   embrued,    stained   with    blood,    or 

having  drops  of  blood  on  it. 
Imbued,  stained  with  blood. 
Impaled  and  impaling.    See  Marshalling  of  Arms, 

p.  ix. 
Imperially  crowned,  denotes  that  the  charge,  crest, 

or  supporter  to  which  it  is  applied,  is  crowned 

with  a  regal  crown. 
Incensed,  when  fire  issues  from  the  mouth  of  an 

animal  it  is  blazoned  incensed. 
Incensed,   or    incensan,   applicable  to  the  boars, 

panthers,  &c.,  when  borne  in  a   furious   angry 

position,  with  fire  issuing  from  their  mouths 

and  ears. 
Increment,  or  increscent,  used  when  the  moon  or 

crescent  is  borne  with  the  horns  towards  the 

dexter  side  of  the  shield. 
Indented,  a  line  of  partition.     See  p.  xxix. 
Indian  or  Assyrian  goat,  resembles   an    English 

goat,  except  that  the  horns  are  more  bent,  and 

tho  cars  are  like  those  of  a  talbot. 
Indorsed,  or  endorsed,  pla'ied  back  to  back.     See 

Addorsed. 
Inescutcheon,  a  small  shield  homo  as  a  charge  on 

another,  or  in  its  centre,  indicating,  as  a  rule, 

marriage  with  an  heir  or  co-heir. 
Inflamed,  burning  in  flames. 
Infula,  a  Allot  or  crown  ;  the  tiara. 
Ink  moline.     See  Fer-de-moline. 
In  lure,  two  wings  conjoined  and  inverted,  with 

the  tips  downward,  are  said  to  bo  in  lure. 


In  pride,  applied  to  a  peacock,  or  turkey  cock, 
when  its  tail  is  displayed. 

Inter,  between. 

Interlaced,  linked  together. 

Invected,  a  line  of  partition.     See  p.  xxix. 

luverted,  and  conjoined,  turned  the  wrong  way. 

Invexed,  arched. 

Ire,  angry,  exasperated. 

Iron  ring,  a  tool  used  by  wire-drawers. 

Issuant,  rising  or  coming  out  of  ;  when  an  animal 
is  blazoned  as  issuing  or  issuant,  only  the 
upper  half  of  such  animal  is  depicted. 

Jagged,  is  said  of  the  division  of  a  field  or  outlines 
of  an  ordinary  which  appear  rough  by  being 
forcibly  torn  asunder. 

Jambe,  same  as  gamb. 

Javelin,  a  short  spear  with  a  barbed  point. 

Jellop,  or  jowlop,  the  comb  of  a  cock,  cocka- 
trice, &c. 

Jessant,  shooting  forth  as  vegetables  spring  forth  ; 
half  the  charge  only  is  depicted  when  blazoned 
jessant. 


Jessant-de-li^,  said  of  a  fleur-de-lis 
passing  through  a  leopard's  face, 
through  the  mouth. 


Jesses,  the  leather  thongs  that  fasten  the  bells  to 

the  legs  of  a  hawk  or  falcon. 
Joinant,  same  as  Conjoined. 
Jupon,  a  surcoat. 

Kine,  the  plural  of  cow  or  calf. 

Knots,  differently  formed,  are  borne  as  badges  by 
the  families  of  Bouchier,  Bowen-Dacre,  Har- 
rington, Heneage,  Lacy,  Stafford,  Wake,  &c. 

Knowed.     See  Wowed. 


Label,  or  lanibel,  a  piece  of  silk  stuff,  or  linen, 
with  three  pendants  ;  it  is  generally  used  as  a 
mark  of  cadency,  but  is  a  common  charge  or 
difference  in  ancient  arms.     See  p.  xxxiii. 

Ladder,  scaling,  used  in  ancient  and  mediaeval 
warfare. 

Lambrequin,  the  mantling.     See  p.  xviii. 

Langued,  used  when  the  tongues  of  animals  are 
to  be  described  as  of  different  tincture  from 
their  bodies. 

Larmes,  Oouttes  de.     Pee  Oouttes. 

Lattice,  tirlace,  treilee,  a  kind  of  fret,  where  the 
pieces  do  not  interlace  each  other,  but  are  nailed 
together  at  the  crossings. 

Launce,  a  tilting-spear. 

Laurel,  the  emblem  of  victory  and  triumph. 

Later,  a  cutter  or  ploughshare. 

Lead  line,  an  instrument  used  by  mariners  to 
sound  the  depth  of  the  sea. 

Leash,  a  small  thong  of  leather,  with  a  button  at 
the  end,  by  which  falconers  (having  run  it 
through  the  varvels)  hold  the  hawk  fast  upon 
the  hand,  after  folding  it  several  times  round 
the  finger.  Leash  is  also  applied  to  the  line 
which  passes  from  the  collar  of  a  greyhound  or 
other  dog  ;  it  signifies  moreover  a  band  to  bind 
anything. 

Legged,  or  membered,  used  when  the  legs  of  birds, 
&c.,  are  to  be  blazoned  of  a  different  tincture  to 
tho  body. 

Lenlally,  the  same  as  Indented. 

Leopard,  the  French  heralds  call  tho  lion  passant 
giiardant  a  leopard,  and  the  royal  lions  of  Eng- 
land were  and  are  frequently  so  blazoned. 

Leopards^  faces,  so  blazoned  when  no  part  of  the 
neck  appears,  and  the  position  ia  guardant,  or 


USED  IN  HERALDRY. 


xli 


full-faced ;  but  when  erased,  or  couped  at  the 
neck,  in  profile,  the  word  "  head  "  is  used  in 
blazoning. 

Level,  an  instrument  used  by  masons. 

Lever,  a  name  sometimes  given  to  the  cormorant. 

Leveret,  a  young  hare. 

Lined,  the  inside  lining  of  a  mantle,  garment,  cap, 
&c.,  borne  of  a  different  tincture.  It  is  also 
appUed  to  chains  as  well  as  lines  affixed  to  the 
collars  of  animals. 

Lines  of  partition.     See  p.  xxix. 

Lionel,  or  lioncel,  a  young  lion. 

Lion,  demi.     See  Lions. 

Lion  dragon,  the  upper  half  a  lion  and  the  other 
a  dragon. 

Lion  of  England,  a  term  sometimes  used  for  a 
Hon  rampant  guardant. 

Lion  poisson,  or  sea-lion,  an  imaginary  animal,  re- 
sembling a  lion  in  the  upper  half  and  a  fish  in 
the  lower,  with  webbed  feet. 

Lions, 


rampant. 


rampant 
guardant. 


rampant 
reguardant. 


passant. 


passant 
guardant. 


issuant. 


combatant. 


couchant. 


coward. 


dormant. 


conjoined. 


demi  lion. 

Liston,  the  scroll  or  ribbbn  upon  which  the  motto 
is  inscribed. 

Lizard,  or  lezard,  a  beast  somewhat  Uke  a  cat-a- 
mountain,  with  a  short  tail  and  long  dark  brown 
hair  spotted,  to  be  found  in  Denmark  and 
Sweden ;  it  is  borne  as  the  crest  and  dexter 
supporter  by  the  Skinners'  Company  of  London. 

Lizard.     See  Evett. 


Lodged,  applied  to  the  stag,  hart,  &c., 
or  beasts  of  chase,  when  at  rest,  or 
lying  on  the  ground. 


Lopped,  or  snagged,  cut  so  as  to  show  the  thick- 
ness. 

Lozenge.     See  p.  xxxii. 

Lozenge,  or  lozengy.     See  p.  xxxii. 

Lucy,  an  heraldic  name  for  the  fish  called  a  pike. 

Luna,  the  moon. 

Lure,  or  leure.  See  Hawk's  lure.  Wings  con- 
joined with  their  tips  turned  down  are  said  to 
be  in  lure. 

Lymphad,  or  galley,  an  ancient  ship 
with  one  mast,  and  propelled  by 
oars.  See  the  quartering  for  the 
Lordship  of  Lome  in  the  coat  of 
Campbell. 

Maiden's  head,  used  in  heraldry  for  the  head  and 
neck  of  a  woman  couped  below  the  breast,  the 
head  wreathed  with  roses,  and  crowned  with  an 
antique  crown. 

Mail,  a  dress,  or  piece  of  defensive  armour  for 
the  body  and  arms,  wrought  in  small  close  rings 
called  mails,  linked  together  as  if  woven  in 
a  loom,  and  represented  like  the  scales  of  a 
fish. 

Mailed,  clothed  in  mail. 

Main,  a  hand. 

Maintenance,  cap  of     See  p.  xxxiv. 

Mallard,  a  wild  drake. 

Mallet,  a  tool  used  by  masons. 

Manacles,  handcuffs. 


Manch,  or  maunch,  an  old-fashioned    \ 
sleeve,  with  long  hanging  ends.    See 
the  coat  of  Hastings,  &c. 


Manchet,  a  cake  of  bread,  not  unlike  a  muffin. 

Mandrake,  a  vegetable  root. 

Maned,  said  of  a  unicorn,  horse,  or  other  animal, 
when  the  mane  is  of  a  different  tincture  to  the 
body. 

Mantelle,  or  chappe,  used  when  the  two  upper 
angles  of  the  field  are  cut  off  by  two  lines 
issuing  frem  the  middle  chief  point  to  either 
side  of  the  shield,  forming  two  triangles  of  a 
different  tincture  to  the  field,  as  if  a  mantle 
were  thrown  over  it  and  the  ends  drawn  back. 

Man-tiger,  an  imaginary  monster,  with  a  hon's 
body,  the  head  and  face  of  an  old  man,  and 
horns  on  the  head  like  an  ox. 

Mantle,  or  lambrequin,  the  name  given  to  the 
f  oldage  or  great  cloak  whereon  achievements  are 
painted.     See  p.  xviii. 

Mantlings,  ornamented  foliage-work  for  the  adorn- 
ing of  helmets  in  painting  armorial  bearings. 

Marined,  a  term  used  for  an  animal  with  the 
lower  parts  of  the  body  like  a  fish. 

Marine  wolf,  a  seal. 

Martlet,  or  merlion,  a  fabulous  bird,  of  constant 
adoption  in  armorials,  shaped  like  a  martin  or 
swallow,  and  always  drawn  without  legs,  with 
short  tiif ts  of  feathers  instead,  divided  into  two 
parts,  somewhat  like  an  erasure,  and  forming, 
as  it  were,  thighs.  This  is  the  distinctive  mark 
of  the  fourth  son. 

Mascle.     See  p.  xxxii. 

Masculy,  covered  with  mascles. 

Ma'iony,  mas^onne,  or  masoned,  is  when  the  field, 
charge,  or  crest,  is  divided  by  lines  in  the  nature 
of  a  wall  or  building  of  stone. 

Maunche.     See  Manche. 

Meinbered,  signifies  the  beak  and  legs  of  a  bird, 
when  of  a  different  tincture  to  the  body. 

Merlion.     See  Martlet. 

Mermaid,  a  fabulous  creature,  half  woman  and 
half  fish,  generally  represented  with  a  comb  ia 
one  hand  and  a  mirror  in  the  other. 


xlii 


DICTIONARY  OF  TERMS 


Merman,  an  imaginary  seaman.     See  Neptune. 

Mesle,  mingled. 

Metals.     See  Tinctures,  p.  xxriii. 

Millpick,  an  instmment  used  by  millers  and  mill- 
wrights in  dressing  millstones. 

Millrind,  the  iron  affixed  to  the  centre  of  the 
millstone,  otherwise  called  a  fer-de-moline. 

Mitre,  the  cap  of  dignity  borne  over  the  arms  of 
a  bishop  or  archbishop. 

Modilion,  cotoose,  or  scroll,  the  foliage  ornament 
of  a  pillar. 

ifoline.     See  Crosses. 

Mort,  a  skiill,  or  death's  head,  usually  placed  on 
the  hatchment  of  the  last  of  a  family. 

Moor  cock,  the  male  of  the  black  game,  or  large 
black  grouse. 

Moor's  head,  the  heraldic  term  for  the  head  of  a 
Negro  man,  in  profile,  couped  at  the  neck, 
wreathed  about  the  temples. 

Mooted,  or  moulted,  used  in  the  same  sense  as 
eradicated. 

Morion,  an  ancient  steel  cap  or  helmet. 

Mome,  or  mortne  (French,  bom  dead,  or  still- 
bom),  a  lion  rampant,  without  tongue,  teeth, 
or  claws. 

Morse,  a  sea-lion. 

Mortar,  a  piece  of  ordnance  or  chamber-piece. 

Morticed,  square  pieces  let  one  into  the  other. 

Mortier,  a  cap  of  state. 

Motto,  a  word,  saying,  or  sentence  adopted  at 
pleasure,  and  borne  on  a  scroll  under  the  coat 
armour,  and  sometimes  over  the  crest.  Mottoes 
occasionally  allude  to  the  name  of  the  bearer  ; 
thus,  "  De  raonte  alto "  is  the  motto  of  the 
family  of  De  Monte  Alto,  Moutalt,  or  Maude  ; 
often  to  the  bearings  ;  and  more  frequently  are 
short,  quaint  sentiments,  according  to  the  whim 
or  caprice  of  the  person  who  first  adopted 
them,  or  in  allusion  to  some  particular  actions 
or  circumstances  they  are  meant  to  perpetuate. 
See  p.  XV. 

Moulted,  the  same  as  Eradicated. 

Mound,  a  corruption  of  the  French  word  monde, 
or  Latin,  mundu's,  the  world  ;  a  name  given  in 
heraldry  to  a  ball  or  globe,  encircled  with  a 
horizontal  band,  enriched  with  diamonds  and 
precious  stones,  from  the  upper  edge  of  which 
springs  a  semicircular  band,  enriched  in  like 
manner,  and  having  on  the  top  a  cross.  The 
mound  forms  part  of  the  regalia  of  an  emperor 
or  king. 

Mount.  When  the  bottom  or  base  of  the  shield 
is  represented  green,  as  a  field,  and  curved 
somewhat  semicircularly  arched,  it  ia  then  called 
a  Mount  vert. 

Mountain-cat.     See  Cat-a-mountain. 

Mounted,  a  term  applied  to  a  horse  bearing  a 
rider. 

Mounting,  expresses  that  position  m  animals  of 
chase  which  rampant  does  in  those  of  prey. 

Mourned  (moni§),  blunted. 

Mullet,  the  rowd  of  a  spur  ;  English  heralds 
make  it  of  five  straight  points  ;  French  heralds 
of  six  ;  when  borne  of  six,  eight,  or  more  points, 
the  number  should  be  expressed  in  the  blazon. 
The  best  authorities  consider  when  it  has  more 
than  five  points  it  should  be  described  as  a 
star. 

Mullet-pierced,  same  as  the  mullet ;  but  is  per- 
forated in  the  centre,  allowing  the  tincture  upon 
which  it  is  borne  to  appear  through  it. 

Muraille,  walled,  or  enibattlod  and  masoned. 

Mural  crown.     See  Crotons,  p.  xxxiv. 

Murrei/,  the  colour  sanguine. 

Muschetors,  or  mushetours,  the  black  tail  of  the 
ermine,  without  the  three  spots  or  specks  over 
it  used  in  depicting  ermine. 


Muzzled,  said  of  a  bear  or  other  animal  whose 
mouth  is  banded  or  tied  up  to  prevent  its 
biting. 

Naiant,   or   natant,   swimming ;    applied  to   fish 

when  borne  horizontally. 
Naissant,  rising,  or  coming  out  of  ;  applicable  to 

all  living  things  when  represented  as  issuing  out 

of  the  middle  of  a  fess  or  other  ordinary. 
Narcissus,  a  flower  consisting  of  six  petals,  each 

resembUng  the  leaf  of  the  cinquefoil. 
Naval  crown.     See  Crowns,  p.  xxxiv. 
Nebular,  drawn  waived,  so  as  to  represent  clouds. 
Nebule,  or  nebuly,  a  Hne  of  partition.    See  p.  xxix. 
Neptune,  the  ideal  god  of  the  sea ;  generally  de- 
picted vrith  trident,  &c. 
Nerved,  said  of  leaves  and  plants,  the  fibres  of 

which  are  borne  of  a  different  tincture  from  the 

other  part. 
Newt,  a  small  water  animal  of  the  lizard  species  ; 

called  also  an  efTet  or  eft. 
Nislee,   or  nyllee,   slender,   narrow,   or    reduced 

almost  to  nothing. 
Nombril,  the  navel  point.     See  p.  xxviii. 
Nowed,  tied  in  a  knot ;  said  of  a  serpent,  wivern, 

or  other  creature,  whose  bodies  and  tails  are 

twisted  like  a  knot. 
Naunce,  the  same  as  nebule. 

Ogresses.     See  Pellets, 

Ombre,  shadowed. 

Ondi,  or  unde,  wavy. 

Opinicus,  a  fictitious  heraldic  animal,  with  a  lion's 

body  and  an   eagle's   head  and  neck ;   to   the 

body  are  affixed  wings,  and  a  short  tail,  like  the 

camel's. 
Oppresssed,  the  same  as  Debruised. 
Or,  the  tincture  gold  or  yellow. 
Ordinary.     See  p.  xxx. 
Organ  rest.     See  Rest. 
Orle.     See  p.  xxxi. 
Orle,  bordered. 
Ounce,  or  lynx,  the  upper  part  of  the  body  of 

this  animal  is  of  a  tawney  white,  the  lower  pai*t 

of  an  ash  colour,  and  he  is  sprinkled  all  over 

with  irregular  black  marks. 
Over  all  (French,  Sur  le  tout),  is  when  a  charge 

or    ordinary   is    placed    over    other    bearings. 

Surmounted,  debruised,  and  oppressed,  nearly 

signify  the  same  thing. 
Overt^  applied  to  the  wings  of  birds  when  open 

for  taking  flight. 
Owl,  this  bird  is  always  drawn  full-faced. 

Pack-saddle,  a  saddle  for  the  conveyance  of 
packages  (see  coat  of  Hervey). 

Pale,  one  of  the  ordinaries.     See  p.  xxx. 

Pall,  or  paile,  an  archiepiscopal  vestment,  made 
of  white  lambs'  wool ;  formed  in  heraldry  by 
half  a  pale  issuing  from  the  base,  and  meeting, 
or  conjoined  with,  in  the  fess  point,  half  a 
saltire,  issuing  from  the  dexter  and  sinister 
chief ;  thus  presenting  the  figure  of  the  letter 
Y.     See  p.  ixxii. 

Pallet,  a  diminution  of  the  pale. 

Palisado.     Sec  Crowns. 

Palisse,  pily-paly ;  that  is,  a  division  of  the  field 
in  the  form  of  piles,  reaching  from  top  to 
bottom.  They  are  meant  to  represent  the  pali- 
sades before  a  fortification. 

Paly,  a  field  or  charge  is  said  to  be  paly  when 
divided  into  any  equal  number  of  pieces  of 
alternate  tinctures  by  perpendicular  partition 
lines;  and  the  number  of  divisions  must  be 
named  also,  as  paly  of  six,  of  eight,  &c. 

Paly-bendy,  is  when  the  preceding  divisions  are 
again  cut  by  diagonal  partition  lines. 


USED  IN  HERALDRY. 


xliii 


Palmer's  staff"  (French,  un  bourdon)  a  pilgrim's 

staff. 
Panther,  a  wild  animal,  whose  fierceness  heralds 
were  wont  to  depict  bj  drawing  him  with  fire 
issuing  from  his  mouth  and  ears  :  his  position 
in  heraldry  is  generally  guardant. 

Papilone,  is  a  field  divided  into  variegated  specks, 
like  those  on  a  butterfly,  but  ranged  like  the 
scales  of  a  fish. 

Park  pales,  palings  depicted  close  to  each  other, 
with  pointed  tops.  See  the  arms  of  the  Borough 
of  Derby. 

Partition  lines.     See  p.  xxix. 

Party,  Per.  The  former  of  these  two  words 
should  be  omitted,  as  the  latter  implies  the 
same  ;  it  is  used  to  denote  the  particular  man- 
ner in  which  a  shield,  ordinary,  or  charge,  is 
divided  by  any  of  the  partition  lines — as  per 
bend,  per  pale,  &c.      See  p.  xxix. 

Pascaunt,  or  Pasquant,  a  term  used  for  animals 
when  grazing. 

Paschal,  or  Holy  Lamh,  is  a  lamb  passant  ar. 
carrying  the  banner  of  St.  George. 

Passant,  the  heraldic  term  for  beasts  in  a  walking 
position.  A  hon  passant  sa.  on  a  bend  ar.  and 
a  field  gu.  is  the  armorial  bearing  of  Davies 
of  Q-wysaney ;  and  its  Kenwatine  brandies, 
Davies  of  Harrington,  and  Davies  of  Eton 
House. 

Passant  guardant.  A  beast  walking,  but  with 
the  head  aifrontee  or  full-faced. 

Passion  cross,  same  as  the  Cross  Calvart/. 

Passant  reguardant.    Walking,  but  looking  back. 

Passant  repassant,  when  animals  are  borne  pas- 
sant contrariwise  to  the  dexter  and  sinister. 

Pattee-     See  Crosses. 

Pater  noster,  or  nostre,  a  cross  composed  of  beads. 

Patonce.     See  Crosses. 

Patriarchal.     See  Crosses. 

Pattes,  the  paws  of  any  beast. 

Pavement,  depicted  like  masonry. 

Pavilion,  an  oblong  tent  with  a  projecting 
entrance. 

Paiv,  the  foot  of  a  lion,  bear,  seal,  &c.,  cut  off  or 
erased  at  the  first  joint. 

Pean,  a  fur.     See  p.  xxviii. 

Pearched,  or  perched,  applied  to  birds  when  in  a 
sitting  posture  upon  a  branch  or  other  sub- 
stance. 

Peel,  a  tool  used  by  bakers  for  drawing  bread  out 
of  the  oven. 

Pegasus,  a  fabulous  horse  with  wings. 

Pelican.  This  bird  is  always  represented  with 
her  wings  endorsed,  neck  embowed,  and  peck- 
ing her  breast,  from  which  issue  drops  of  blood. 

Pellet,  or  ogresses,  roundles,  black  or  sable. 

Pelletty  or  pellettee.     Semee  of  pellets. 

Penner  and  ink  horn,  as  case  for  holding  pens 
and  ink. 

Pennon,  a  flag  of  an  oblong  form. 

Pennoncels,  or  pencils,  small  streamers  or  flags. 

Penny-yard  penny,  smaU  coin. 

Per.     See  Party  per,  p.  xxix. 

Perforated,  voided  or  pierced. 

Petronel,  an  ancient  name  for  a  pistol. 

Pheon,  the  head  of  dart  or. arrow. 

Photnix,  an  imaginary  bird,  always  drawn  in 
flames. 

Pierced,  signifies  when  any  ordinary  or  charge  is 
perforated,  so  as  to  show  the  field  under  it. 
The  form  of  the  perforation  should  be  expressed 
—square,  round,  lozenge,  &c. 

Pike-staves,  formidable  instruments  of  destruction 
used  in  warfare. 

Pile,  one  of  the  ordinaries.     See  p.  xxxii. 
Pilgrim's  scrip,  a  wallet  or  pouch.      See  the  coat 
of  Palmer. 


Plate,  a  roundle  arg.  or  white. 
Playing  tables,  when  used  in  heraldiy,  are  de- 
picted as  backgammon  tables. 
Plenitude,  denotes  the  moon  in  her  full,  or  full 
moon. 

Pile,  the  same  as  close,  applied  to  a  bird. 

Plough,  an  instrument  used  in  husbandry. 

Ploughshare.  That  part  of  the  plough  which 
cuts  the  ground  at  the  bottom  of  the  furrow 
and  raises  the  sod  to  the  mould  board. 

Ploye,  bowed  and  bent. 

Plummet,  an  instrument  used  by  masons  and 
others  to  prove  perpendiculars. 

Poing,  the  hand  closed,  in  contradistinction  to 
"  appaume." 

Points  of  the  escutcheon.     See  p.  xxviii. 

Pomegranate,  a  foreign  fruit,  in  blazon  it  is  neces- 
sary to  add,  slipped,  leaved,  or  seeded,  as  it  is 
always  so  represented  in  coat  armour.  See  the 
coat  of  Granger. 

Pomeis,  roundles,  when  vert  or  green. 

Pommel,  the  rounded  knob  at  the  extremity  of  the 
handle  of  a  sword. 

Popinjays,  small  green  parrots,  with  red  beaks 
and  legs. 

Portant,  a  term  used  of  a  cross  that  is  not  erect, 
but  placed  athwart  the  shield  as  if  it  were 
carried  on  a  man's  shoulder. 

Portcullis,  an  engine  formerly  used  in  fortifying 
and  defending  the  gateway  of  a  city,  town,  or 
castle,  before  which  it  hung  down  by  chains, 
and  formed  a  barrier  ;  it  resembles  very  much 
a  harrow,  the  perpendicular  bars  being  spiked. 

Pose.     See  Stafant. 

Pot.  In  armoury,  a  kind  of  head-piece  or  hat 
made  of  steel. 

Potent,  a  crutch  or  walking  stick.     See  also  Furs. 

Potente,  a  line  of  division,  which  see. 

Pots,  so  termed  in  heraldry,  are  of  iron  vnth  three 
legs. 

Pouldron,  armour  for  the  shoulder. 

Pounce,  the  talons  of  a  bird  of  prey. 

Powdered.  A  term  in  heraldry,  when  the  field, 
crest,  or  supporter,  is  promiscuously  strewed 
aU  over  with  minor  charges,  such  as  mullets, 
crescents,  or  fleurs-de-Hs.  The  French  term 
"  Semee,"  has,  however,  been  lately  adopted 
by  English  heralds  to  express  this. 

Prester  John,  a  term  obviously  applied  in  error  by 
the  early  heralds  to  describe  the  sitting  figui-e 
of  our  Saviour  in  the  arms  of  the  See  of 
Chichester. 

Pretence,  escutcheon  of.     See  Escutcheon. 

Preying,  a  ravenous  beast  or  bird  standing  on  and 
in  a  suitable  position  for  devouring  its  prey. 

Pride,  in  its,  or  their,  applicable  to  a  peacock, 
turkey  cock,  and  other  birds  which  spread 
their  tails  in  a  circular  form,  and  drop  their 
wings. 

Proboscis.     The  trunk  of  an  elephant. 

Proper,  apphcable  to  every  animal,  tree,  vegetable, 
&c.,  when  borne  of  their  natural  colour,  and 
abbreviated  by  the  letters  ppr. 

Purjled,  trimmed,  or  garnished,  terms  for  the  studs 
and  rims  of  armour  being  gold. 

Purjlew,  or  purfled,  signifies  a  border  or  embroi- 
dery of  fur,  shaped  exactly  like  vair  ;  when  of 
one  row  it  is  termed  purflewed,  when  of  two, 
counter-purflewed,  and  when  of  three,  vair. 

Purpura.     Purple.     See  Tinctures,  p.  xxviii. 

Python,  a  winged  serpent. 

Quarter.     See  Ordinaries,  p.  xxxi. 
Quarterings.     See  Marshalling,  p.  ix. 
Quarterly.     See  p.  xxx. 
Quatrefoil,  a  four-leaved  grass. 
Queue,  tail  of  an  animal. 


xliv 


DICTIONARY  OF  TERMS 


Quintain,  a  tilting  post  or  block. 

Quiver  of  arrows,  a  case  filled  with  arrows. 

Quise,  a  la,  at  the  thigh  (for  a  la  cuisse). 

Radiant,  rayonned,ratiomiant,rayonnee,  are  terms 
used  to  express  any  ordinary  or  charge  edged 
with  glittering  rays,  like  those  of  the  sun. 
Rainboio,  a  semicircle  of  various  colours  arising 

from  clouds. 
Ragged  staff,  the  bear  and  ragged  staff,  the  badge 

or  crest  of  the  House  of  Leicester. 
Raguly,  ragided,  jagged  or  notched  in  an  irregu- 
lar maner.     See  Lines  of  division. 
Rame,  a  French  term  for  branched  or  attired. 
Rampant,  animals   standing   erect   on   the   hind 
legs.     A  lion  ramp.  sa.  on  a  white  field,  was 
the  armorial  bearing  of  the  Princes  of  Powys, 
and   is  still  borne   by  their   descendants,   the 
Hughes'  of  Gwerclas,  Barons  of  Eymmer-yn- 
Edeirnion. 
Rampant  sejant,  is  said  of  the  lion  when    in  a 

sitting  position  with  the  forelegs  raised. 
Range,  arranged  in  order. 
Raping,  applied  to  ravenous  animals  devouring 

their  prey. 
Razed,  the  same  as  erased. 

Rags.   When  depicted  round  the  sun  they  should 

be  sixteen  in  number ;  when  round  an  estoile 

line  they  must  be  drawn  straight  and  waved 

alternately. 

Rearing,  a  term  appUed  to  a  horse  when  standing 

on  the  hind  legs  with  the  fore  legs  raised. 
Rebated,  when  the  top  or  point  of  a  weapon  is 

broken  off,  or  part  of  a  cross  cut  off. 
Reboundant,  an  ancient  term  for  the  tail  of  a  lion 
when  turned  up  and  bent  in  the  form   of   a 
letter  S  with  the  point  outwards,  the  ancient 
way  of  depicting  the  tail  was  usually  with  the 
point  turned  towards  the  back,  unless  blazoned 
reboundant. 
Rebus,  in  heraldry  means  such  a  coat,  as  by  its 
charges  alludes  to  the  name  of  the  bearer,  as 
Castles,  for  Castleton — Salmons,  for  Salmon,  &c. 
Recercellee,  a  term  applied  to  a  cross  similar  to  a 
cross  moline,  but  with  the  ends  turned  more 
round. 
Reclinanf,  bending  backwards. 
Refected,  or  reflexed,  curved  or  turned  round  as 
the  chain   or  line  from  the  collar  of   a  beast 
thrown  over  the  back. 
Reguardant,  looking  behind  or  backwards. 
Reindeer,  as  drawn   in  heraldry,  is  a  stag  with 

double  attires. 
Remora,  denotes  a  serpent. 

Removed,  implies  the  ordinary  has  fallen,  or  be- 
come removed  from  its  proper  position. 
Rencontre,  same  as  caboshed. 

Renversp,  when  anything   is   set   with    its   head 
downwards,  or  contrary  to  its  natural  way,  or 
turned  upside  down. 
Rere  mouse,  a  bat. 
Rcvpectant,  or  respecting,  applied  to  animals  face 

to  face. 

Reserved,  contrary  to  the  usual  way  and  position. 

Rests,  clarions,  or  clnricords.  Tlie  rest  for  u  lance  ; 

by  some  autlioritics  called  musical  inslrunients  j 

tficy  bear  rcMemblaiice  to  a  fluted  bracket.    Sec 

p.  xiv. 

Relorled.     Serpents,  wreathed  one  in  another,  or 

a«  a  fret,  are  said  to  he  retorted. 
Reversed,    turned    upside   down.       See    coats    of 

Orcndon  and  Newton. 
Riband,  or  ribbon,  one-eighth  part  of  a  bend,  of 

wliicli  it  is  a  dituinutive. 
Rising,  wlicn  birds  arc  in  a  position  as  if  prepar- 
ing to  take  fliglit. 
Rompe,  or  rompu,  broken. 


Rose,  this  well  known  beautiful  flower,  always 
represented  in  coat  armour  as  f uU  blown,  with 
the  petals  or  flower  leaves  expanded,  seeded  in 
the  middle  and  backed  by  five  green  barbs  or 
leaves.  When  an  heraldic  rose  is  red  it  must 
be  blazoned  gu.  not  ppr.  ;  a  rose  is  termed 
barbed  and  seeded  ppr.  when  the  barbs  are  green 
and  the  seeds  yellow. 
Roundles,  are  round  figures  of  metal,  flat — but 
when  of  colour,  spherical :  they  change  their 
names  according  to  their  tinctures,  as  when 
or,  they  are  called  bezant. 

arg a  plate. 

vert pomeis. 

azure      ....     hurt. 
ogress,  or  pellet,  when  sable. 

torteaux gu. 

golpes purple. 

oranges tenne  or  tawney. 

guzes sanguine,  or  mur- 
rey colour. 
Rousant,  the  same  as  rising,  applied  to  a  bird. 
Rustre,  a  lozenge  pierced  round  in  the  centre. 


Sable,  black.     See  Tinctures,  p.  xxviii. 

Sabre,  a  sword  with  a  broad  curved  blade. 

Saere,  or  saker,  a  kind  of  falcon,  with  the  head 
grey,  feet  and  legs  bluish,  and  back  dark  brown. 

Sagittarius,  one  of  the  signs  of  the  Zodiac.  An 
imaginary  creature,  half  man  and  half  horse,  in 
the  act  of  shooting  with  a  bow  and  arrow. 


Salamander,  an  imaginary  animal, 
feigned  to  be  bred  in  fire ;  it  is 
represented  green,  sui'rounded 
with  flames. 


Salient,  the  posture  of  an  animal  leaping  on  its 

prey. 
Salmon  spear,  the  same  as  a  harpoon. 
Saltatit,  applied  to  the  squirrel,  cat,  weasel,  rat, 

&c.,  when  springing  forward. 
Saltire.     See  Ordinaries,  p.  xxxi. 
SaUirewise,  in  the  form  or  position  of  the  saltire. 
Sanglier,  a  wild  boar. 
Sanguine,  murrey  colour. 
Sanglant,  bloody,  torn  off,  or  erased. 
Sans,  without. 
Saracen.     See  Savage. 
Sarcelled,  cut  through  in  the  middle. 
Satyral,  a  fictitious  creature,  with  the  tail  of  a 
lion,  tail  and  horns  of  an  antelope,  and  the  face 
of  an  old  man. 
Scallop.     See  Escallop. 
Scalp,  the  skin  of  the  forehead. 
Scarpe,  a  diminutive  of  the  bend  sinister,  sup- 
posed to  represent  a  shoulder-belt,  or  officer's 
scarf. 
Sceptre,  a  royal  staff  used  at  coronations,  &c. 
Scintillant,  sparkling. 

Scorpion,  in  shape  somewhat  resembhng  a  cray- 
fish, and  usually  placed  erect. 
Scrip.     Sec  Pilgrim's  scrip. 
Scroll,  whereon  the  motto  is  placed. 
Sea  dog,  sliapcd  like  a  talbot,  but  with  a  tail   like 
a  beaver,  a  scailupod  fin   continued   down  the 
back  from  head  to  tail  ;  the  whole  body,  legs, 
and  tail,  scaled,  and  the  feet  webbed. 
Sea  horse,   the   fore   part   is   like    a   horse  with 
webbed  feet,  and  the  hinder  ending  in  a  fish's 
tail. 
Seal.     See  Marine  wolf. 

Sea  lion,  the  upper  part  of  a  lion's  body  termi- 
nating in  a  fish's  tail. 
Sea  mew,  a  sort  of  sea-gull. 


USED  IN  HERALDRY. 


xlv 


8ea  pie,  a  water  fowl  of  a  dark  brown  colour, 

head  red,  and  the  neck  and  wings  -white. 
Seax,  a  scimetar,  with  a  semicircular  notch  hoi- 
lowed  out  of  the  back  of  the  blade. 
Seeded,  applied  to  the  seed  of  roses,  lilies,  &c., 

when  borne  of  a  tincture  different  to  the  flower 

itself. 
Segreant,  appHed   to  a  griffin  when   erect,  with 

wings  endorsed. 
Sejant,  signifies  sitting,  as  applied  to  the  lion,  &c. 
Sejant  addorsed,  when  two  animals   are   sitting 

back  to  back. 
Seme,  or  semee,  strewed  over.     See  Powdered. 
Seraph's  head,  a  child's  head  between  three  pairs 

of  wings,  two  in  chief,  two  in  f  ess,  and  two  in 

base. 
Serpent  or  snake  is  borne,  coiled,  and  twisted  in 

various  forms,  as  torqued,  i.e.,  erect ;   gliding, 

i.e.,  creeping  ;  nowed,  i.e.,  twisted  into  a  knot, 

&c.,  &c. 
Serrated,  indented,  or  cut  like  a  saw. 
Sexfoil,  a  grass  or  flower  with  six  leaves,  in  form 

like  the  cinquefoil. 
Shackle,  a  Hnk  of  a  fetter. 
Shack-bolt,  a  fetter  put  on  the  wrists  or  ancles  of 

prisoners. 
Shafted,  is  used  to  denote  that  a  spear-head  has  a 

handle  to  it. 
Shake-fork,  is  in  form  like  the  pall,  but  does  not 

touch  Che  edges  of  the  shield,  and  has  a  point 

at  each  end,  in  the  same  manner  as  the  pile. 

See  the  coat  of  Cunningham. 
Shambrouffhs,  a  kind  of  ship. 
Shamrock,  trefoil  or  three-leaved  grass,  the  emblem 

of  Ireland. 
Shapewined,  in  a  curved  line. 
Sheaf.     See  Oarh. 
Sheldrake,  a  kind  of  duck. 
Shield.     See  p.  xxviii. 
Shinbones,  bones  of  the  human  leg  generally  borne 

in  saltire. 
Shivered,  broken  or  splintered. 
Shoveller,  a  species  of  water-fowl. 
Shuttle,  an  instrument  used  by  weavers. 
Side,  a  portion  of  the  shield  cut  off  by  a  per- 
pendicular line.     See  coat  of  Grote. 
Sinister,  the  left. 

Sinister  chief,  the  left  side  of  the  chief. 
Sinople,  a  French  term  for  "  vert,"  green. 
Siren,  a  mermaid. 
Skein,  a  short  sword  or  dagger.     A  weapon  used 

by  the  Irish. 
Slashed,  sleeves  of  garments  but  open  lengthways, 

and  the  gashes  filled  with  a  puffing  of  another 

colour. 
Slay,    slea,   or    reed,   an    instrument    used     by 

weavers. 
Sledge,  a  sort  of  carriage  without  wheels,  used  in 

husbandry. 
Slipped,  the  stalk  depicted  so  as  torn  from  the 

original  stem. 
Soaring,  flying  aloft. 
Soldering  iron,  a  tool  used  by  plumbers. 
Spade  iron,  or  shoeing  of  a  spade. 
Spancelled,  or  fettered,  applied  to  a  horse  that 

has  the  fore  and  hind  legs  fettered  by  fetter- 
locks fastened  to  the  ends  of  a  stick. 
Spear,  an  ancient  weapon  of  warfare. 
Sear-head  imbrued,  i.e.,  with  the  point  bloody. 
Spervers,  tents. 
Sphinx,  a   chimerical   animal,  said   to  have   the 

body  of  a  lion,  the  wings  of  an  eagle,  and  the 

head  and  breasts  of  a  woman. 
Spindle.     See  Fusil. 
Spit,  a  spade. 
Splendour,  a  term  for  the  sun  when  represented 

with  a  human  face,  and  environed  with  rays. 


Sruttle,  a  winnowing  fan  or  basket. 

Standard.  All  standards  are  split  at  the  end. 
They  are  regulated  in  length  according  to  the 
degree  of  the  bearer,  and,  dating  from  the 
national  ensign,  are  charged  with  his  badges, 
crests,  and  motto,  arranged  on  his  livery  colours. 

Staple,  an  iron  fastening  to  a  door. 

Star.     See  £stoile. 

Starved,  stripped  of  leaves,  &c. 

Statant,  standing. 

Staves,  walking-sticks  used  by  palmers  or  pil- 
grims. 

Staves  of  a  carbuncle,  the  eight  rays  which  issue 
from  its  centre. 

Sfnel  caps,  or  morions,  pieces  of  armour  for  the 
head,  of  various  shapes. 

Stern,  the  hinder  part  of  a  ship,  and  which  forms 
part  of  a  naval  crown. 

Still,  or  alembic,  an  utensil  of  the  distillery. 

Stilt,  an  instrument  made  to  walk  with,  anciently 
used  for  scaling  castles,  walls,  &c. 

Stirrup,  of  an  ordinary  saddle. 

Stock,  the  stump  or  trunk  of  a  tree. 

Stole,  part  of  the  vestment  of  a  priest. 

Stringed,  applied  to  a  buglehorn,  which  is  gener- 
ally borfie  with  strings  affixed  thereto,  tied  in 
a  bow ;  also  applied  to  the  harp,  &c. 

Studded,  adorned  with  studs. 

Stump,  part  of  the  stock  or  trunk  of  a  tree. 

Subverted,  reversed,  turned  upside  down. 

Sufflue,  rest  or  clarion. 

Sun,  in  heraldry  is  represented  with  a  human 
face,  environed  in  rays,  and  is  termed  a  sun  in 
splendour,  or  full  glory. 

Super  charge,  one  figure  charged  or  borne  upon 
another. 

Supporters.     See  p.  xviii. 

Surcoat,  a  loose,  light,  thin,  taffety  coat,  formerly 
worn  by  military  men  over  their  armour. 

Surgeant,  rising. 

Surmounted,  where  one  charge  is  placed  over 
another. 

Surtout,  or  sur-le-tout,  an  escutcheon  placed  upon 
the  centre  of  a  shield  of  arms  is  said  to  be 
surtout. 

Swepe,  the  balista,  an  engine  anciently  used  for 
throwing  stones  into  fortresses.  It  was  formed 
like  the  machine  brewers  used  to  raise  water  out 
of  wells,  and  therefore  was  nnmed  after  their 
contrivance. 

Swivel,  two  iron  Hnks,  which  turn  on  a  bolt. 

Sykes,  a  fountain.     See  coat  of  Sykes,  &c. 

Syren,  a  mermaid. 


Tabard,  the  name  given  to  the  surcoats  embroi- 
dered with  the  Sovereign's  arms,  and  worn  by 
the  heralds  and  pursuivants  of  arms  upon  great 
festivals  and  other  public  occasions. 

Tabernacle,  a  tent  or  pavihon. 

Talbot,  a  hunting  dog,  with  thick 
snout  and  hanging  ears,  borne  for 
crest  by  the  Talbots  of  Bashall, 
the  senior  line  of  the  house  of 
Shrewsbury. 

Talons,  the  claws  of  a  bird. 

Tjrgant,  torganf,  or  torqued,  bending  and  re- 
bending  like  the  letter  S. 

Target,  a  round  buckler. 

Tasces,  or  f asses,  that  part  of  the  armour  wlxich 
covers  the  thighs. 

Tassel,  an  ornament  pendant  at  the  comers  of 
cushions. 

Tau,  a  cross  nearly  like  a  cross  potent. 

Teazel,  the  head  or  seed  vessel  of  a  species  of 
thistle. 


xlvi 


DICTIONARY  OF  TERMS 


Tenne,  or  tavmey,  orange  colour. 

Tite,  the  head. 

Terras,  the  representation  of  a  piece  of  ground  at 
the  bottom  of  the  base,  and  generally  vert. 

Thatch  rake,  an  instrument  used  in  thatching. 

Thistle,  the  emblematic  plant  of  Scotland. 

Threstle,  three-legged  stool. 

Thunderbolt,  in  heraldry  a  twisted  bar  in  pale, 
inflamed  at  each  end,  sm-mounting  two  jagged 
darts  in  saltire  betw.  two  wings  expanded,  with 
streams  of  fire  issuing  from  the  centre. 

Tiara,  or  triple  crown,  a  cap  or  helmet  of  golden 
cloth,  from  which  hang  two  pendants,  embroi- 
dered and  fringed  at  the  end,  semee  of  crosses 
of  gold.  The  cap  is  inclosed  by  three  mar- 
quises' coronets,  on  the  top  is  a  mound  of  gold 
with  a  cross  of  the  same. 

Tierce,  a  French  word,  implying  that  the  shield 
is  divided  into  three  equal  parts  of  different 
colours. 

Tilting- spear,  a  weapon  used  in  tilts  and  tourna- 
ments. 

Timbre,  signifies  the  helmet,  when  placed  oyer 
the  arms  in  a  complete  achicTement. 

Tincture.     See  p.  xxviii. 

Tirret,  a  modem  name  for  manacles  or  handcxiffs. 

Toad,  this  animal  in  coat  armour  is  always  repre- 
sented as  if  sitting  in  water,  holding  up  its 
head  :  by  some  called  the  lordUngs  of  frogs — 
their  heads  appearing  above  water  like  helmets. 

Toison  d'or,  a  term  borrowed  from  the  French,  to 
express  a  golden  fleece,  or  the  holy  lamb. 

Tomahawk,  an  Indian  war  axe. 

Torn,  an  ancient  name  for  a  spinning-wheel. 

Torqued,  wreathed. 

Torse,  the  wreath  on  which  the  crest  is  placed. 

Torteaux,  a  roundle  of  red  colour. 

Tortille,  a  French  term  for  nowed,  twisted,  or 
wreathed. 

Toume,  same  as  reguardant. 

Tower,  tripled  towered,  when  the  word 
Toioer   only   is  used   in   blazon,   it 
ehould  be  represented  without  the 
three  small  towers  or  turrets  iesuing  | 
from  the  battlements. 

Towered,  or  turretted,  having  towers  or  turrets. 

Transfixed,  pierced  through. 

TVansfluent,  a  term  for  water  flowing  through  the 

arches  of  a  bridge. 
Transmuted,  counterchanged. 
Transpierced,  pierced  through. 
Transposed,  reversed  or  turned  contrary  to  the 

usual  position. 
Traversed,  turned  to  the  sinister  side  of  the  shield. 
Trefiee  is  said  of  a  cross,  the  arms  of  which  end 

in  three  semicircles,  each  representing  the  tro- 

Toil  or  three-leaved  grass,  a  bend  treflee  lias 

trefoils  issuing  from  the  side. 
Trefoil,  three-leaved  grass. 
Treille,  or  trellise,  latticed.  It  difiers  from  fretty, 

for  the  pieces  do  not  interlace  under  and  over, 

but  cross  athwart  each  other,  and  are  nailed  at 

the  joints. 
Treasure,  the  diminutive  of  the  orle,  being  half 

its  size. 


Trentwre  fiory 


Tresmre  fif>ry  counter  flory,  pamc  as  florj-,  but 
that  each  alternate  fleur-de-lis  points  to  the 
centre  of  the  field. 

Trevet,  a  tripod,  or  three-legged  frame  of  iron, 
u»ed  to  set  over  the  fire  to  support  a  pan  or  pot. 


Trevet,  triangular. 

Trian  aspect,  showing  three-fourth  parts  of  the 
body. 

Triyle,  or  treble  arched,  formed  of  three  arches. 

Tricorporate,  is  said  when  the  bodies  of  three  ani- 
mals are  represented  issuing  from  the  dexter, 
sinister,  and  base  points  of  the  escutcheon,  and 
meeting  conjoined  to  one  head  in  the  centre. 

Trident,  a  three-pronged  barbed  fork  or  spear. 

Trien,  three. 

Trippant,  applied  to  stags  and  other  beasts  of 
chase,  as  passant  to  beasts  of  prey,  &c.,  repre- 
sented with  one  foot  up  as  if  on  a  trot. 

Counter-tripping,  is  when  two  beasts  are  tripping, 
one  passing  one  way  and  the  other  another. 

Triumphal  crown,  or  garland  is  composed  of 
laurel. 

Trononee,  and  demembree,  signifies  a  cross  or  other 
bearing  cut  in  pieces  and  dismembered,  yet  so 
as  all  the  pieces  preserve  and  retain  the  form 
of  a  cross,  or  whatever  bearing  it  may  be, 
although  placed  at  a  little  distance  from  each 
other. 

True  lovers'  knot,  a  kind  of  double  knot  made  with 
two  bows  on  each  side,  interlacing  each  other, 
and  with  two  ends ;  serpents  are  sometimes 
twisted  in  this  form. 

Trunk ed,  or  truncated,  trees  couped  or  cut  off 
at  the  top,  the  branches  lopped  off,  ^nd  separa- 
ted from  the  root. 

Trundles,  quUls  of  gold  thread,  used  by  em- 
broiderers. 

Trunk  of  a  tree,  is  when  the  root  of  a  tree  is  torn 
up  and  the  top  cut  off. 

Trussed,  close,  or  complicated,  applied,  although 
unnecessarily,  when  birds  are  borne  with  their 
wings  close  to  the  body,  which  is  always  im- 
pHed  unless  the  contrary  is  expressed. 

Tuberated,  gibbous,  knotted,  or  swelled  out ;  as 
the  middle  part  of  a  serpent. 

Tuft,  a  bunch  of  grass. 

Tun,  a  large  vessel  for  holding  liquor,  similar  in 
shape  to  a  barrel. 

Turned  up,  the  lining  turned  up  over  the  edge. 

Turreted,  is  said  of  a  wall  or  tower  having  small 
towers  upon  it. 

Tusked,  is  said  of  the  boar,  tiger,  elephant,  &c., 
when  their  tusks  are  borne  of  a  different  tinc- 
ture to  that  of  the  body  of  the  animal. 

Tynes,  a  name  given  by  heralds  to  the  branches  of 
the  horns  of  stags,  bucks,  &c. 


Umbraced.     See  Vambraced. 

Umbrated,  or  adumbrated,  shadowed. 

Unde,  wavy. 

Unguled,  applied  to  the  hoof  of  the  stag,  hind, 
horse,  bidl,  &c.,  when  of  a  different  tincture  to 
the  body. 

Unicorn,  a  beautiful  suppositious  animal  with 
a  long  twisted  horn  out  of  its  forehead,  its 
head  and  body  like  a  horse,  but  lias  cloven  feet, 
hair  under  the  chin  like  a  goat,  tail  like  a  lion, 
and  is  of  a  bay  colour,  unless  otherwise  described. 

Unifoil,  a  single-leaved  grass. 

Urchin,  liedgohog. 

Urdee.    See  Crosses  and  Lines,  p.  xxii. 

Urinant,  applicable  to  the  dolphin  or  other  fish, 
when  borne  with  the  head  downwards  and  the 
tail  erect,  exactly  in  a  contrary  position  to 
bauriant. 

Urvwnt,  or  urved,  turned,  or  bowed  upwards. 


rr  •  ''  e      F  Furs.     See  p.  xxviii. 
Vaire,  &c.  J  ^ 

Valla/ry  Crown.     See  p.  zxxiv. 


USED  IN  HERA.LDRY. 


xlvii 


Vambrace,  armour  for  the  arm. 

Vambraced,   applied    when    the  arm   is   wholly 

covered  with  armour. 
Vamplate,  a  gauntlet  or  iron  glove. 
Vamplet,  of  a  tilting-spear  ;  a  broad  pan  of  steel 

formed  like  a  funnel,  placed  on  the  lower  part 

of  the  staff  to  protect  the  hand. 
Vams,  or  wamays,  an  old  kind  of  short  hose  to 

the  ankles  only. 
Vannet,   the  escallop  when  represented  without 

the  ears. 
Yarvelled,  when  the  jesses  of  a  hawk  have  rings 

at  the  ends. 
Verblee,  a  hunting-horn  edged  round  with  metal 

of  different  tinctures  from  the  other  part. 
Verdoy,   a.  border    charged   with   eight    flowers, 

leaves,  fruit,  or  other  vegetables,  as  a  border 

gules,  verdoy  of  oak  leaves  or. 
Vert,  green.     See  Tinctures,  p.  xxviii. 
Verted,  and  reverted,  same  as  Flexed  and  Rejlexed, 

&c. 
Vervels,  small  rings  to  which  the  jesses  of  the 

hawks  are  fastened. 
Verules,    or  ferrals,    several  rings,    one  within 

another,  which  have  the  same  centre. 
Vested,  habited,  clothed. 
View,  is  the  footing,  treading,  or  track  of  a  buck, 

and  all  fallow  dear. 
Vigilant,  applied  to  a  cat  when  in  a  position  as  if 

on  watch  for  prey. 
Vizor,  the  part  of  a  helmet  which  protects  the  face. 
Volant,  flying. 
Voided,  signifies  a  cross,  or  other  charge,  which 

has  the  middle  cut  so  that  the   field   is  seen 

through  it,  and  nothing  but  its  outward  hem 

or  hedge  is  left. 
Vorant  {engoulant),  devouring. 
Vulned,    wounded    so    that    the   blood    appears 

dropping.      The  peUcan  is  ordinarily  described 

as  "  vulning  herself"  to  feed  her  young. 


Wales,  Prince  of,  feathers. 


Wallet.     See  Pilgrim's  scrip. 
Wastle  cakes,  round  cakes  of  bread. 
Watching,  better  vigilant,  for  a  cat  watching  to 
seize  its  prey. 


Water,  when  borne  should  be  painted  to  imitate 
nature. 

Water  bouget,  a  vessel  to  carry  water. 

Waterpot,  a  fontal ;  called  also  a  scatebra,  out  of 
which  naiads — river  gods — are  represented  as 
pouring  the  waters  or  rivers  over  which  they 
preside. 

Wattled,  a  term  applied  to  the  gills  of  a  cock, 
when  of  different  tincture  from  the  body. 

Waved,  the  same  as  wavy  or  undee. 

Waved  sword,  by  some  called  improperly  a  flaming 
sword. 

Wavy,  or  undee,  formed  like  waves  ;  a  line  of 
partition.     See  p.  xxix. 

Weare,  weir,  or  dam,  in  fess,  is  made  with 
stakes  and  osier  twigs  wattled,  or  interwoven 
as  a  fence  against  water. 

Wedge,  or  stone  bill,  a  tool  to  split  or  rend  tim- 
ber with. 

Weel,  a  device  for  catching  fish. 

Welke,  a  shell-fish. 

Welt,  or  edge,  a  narrow  kind  of  border  to  an  or- 
dinary or  charge,  sometimes  improperly  called 
a  fimbriation. 

Wervels.     See  Vervels. 

Wharrow-spindle,  and  old  term  of  blazon  for 
"  fusil." 

Whirlpool.     See  Gurges. 

Wine-piercer,  an  instrument  to  tap  or  bore  holes 
in  wine  casks. 

Winged,  having  wings,  or  adorned  with  wings. 

Wings  conjoined,  are  wings  expanded,  elevated, 
and  united  at  the  bottom.     See  Lure. 

Wi.nnowing -basket,  used  for  winnowing  corn. 

Wood,  in  heraldry,  a  small  group  of  trees  grovring 
on  a  mount,  sometimes  called  a  hurst. 

Woodman,  wild  man  or  savage. 

Wool  cards,  instruments  used  for  carding  wool. 

Wound,  roundles  when  purple.     Same  as  Golpes. 

Wreath,  a  garland,  chaplet,  or  attire  for  the  head. 
The  wreath  upon  which  "  the  crest  "  is  usually 
borne  is  composed  of  two  bands  of  silk  inter- 
woven or  twisted  together.     See  p.  xiv. 

Wreathed,  having  a  wreath  on  the  head  or  else- 
where, or  anything  twisted  in  the  form  of  a 
wreath. 

Wyvern,  an  imaginary  heraldic  animal, 
the  wings  and  upper  part  resemble 
a  dragon,  the  lower  part  resembling 
that  of  an  adder  or  snake ;  it  is 
similar  in  form  to  the  cockatrice,  but 
has  the  head  of  a  dragon. 


ABBREVIATIONS. 


or    ....  gold,  or  yellow. 

ar argent,  or  silver,  or  white. 

az azure,  or  blue. 

gu giles,  or  red. 

vert. .  . .  green. 

purp.  . .  purpure,  or  purple. 

sa sable,  or  black. 

erm.    . .  ermine, 

ppr.    . .  proper, 

chev.   . .  chevron, 

engr.   . .  engrailed, 

ramp.  . .  rampant, 

pass.    . .  passant. 


d died. 

m married. 

b bom. 

s.p sine  prole,  without  issue. 

d.v.p.  . .    died  vita  patris. 
betw.  . .    between. 
fun.  ent.    funeral  entry. 
F.E.I. . .    funeral  entry  Ireland, 
visit.    . .    visitation  of  a  county  by 
a  herald. 

reg registered. 

ped pedigree. 


xlix 


THE    EOYAL    ARMORY. 


ICTORIA,  By  the  Grace  of  God  of  the  United  Kingdom 
OF  Great  Britain  and  Ireland,  Queen>  Defender  of 
THE  Faith,  Empress  of  India. 

Arms — Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  gu.  three  lions  pass,  gnai'd.  in  pale  or,  for  England  ; 
2nd,  or,  a  lion  ramp,  within  a  double  tressure  flory  counterflory  gn.,  for  Scotland  ;  3rd,  az. 
a  harp  or,  stringed  ar.,  for  Ireland  ;  the  whole  encircled  with  the  Garter. 

Crest — Upon  the  royal  helmet  the  imperial  crown  ppr.,  thereon  statant  guardant  or,  a 
lion  imperially  crowaed  also  ppr. 

Supporters — Dexter,  a  lion  ramp,  giiard.  or,  crowned  as  the  crest ;  sinister,  an  unicorn 
ar.  armed,  crined,  and  uuguled  or,  gorged  with  a  coronet  composed  of  crosses  patt6e  and 
fleurs  de-lis,  a  chain  affixed  thereto,  passing  between  the  fore-legs,  and  reflexed  over  the  back, 
of  the  last. 

Crest  of  Scotland — On  an  imperial  crown  ppr.  a  lion  sejant  affront^e  gu.  imperially 
crowned  or,  holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a  sword,  and  in  the  sinister  a  sceptre  erect,  also  ppr. 

Crest  of  Ireland — On  a  wreath  or  and  az.  a  tower  triple-towered  gold,  from  the  gate  a 
hart  springing  ar. 

Motto — DiEU  ET  MON  Droit,  in  the  compartment  below  the  shield  ;  with  the  Union  rose, 
shamrock,  and  thistle  engrafted  on  the  same  stem. 

Crown  of  England — A  circle  of  gold,  issuing  therefrom  four  crosses  patt^e  and  four 
fleurs-de-lis,  arranged  alternately  :  from  the  crosses  pattee  arise  two  arched  and  golden 
diadems,  ornamented  with  pearls,  closing  at  the  top  under  a  mound,  surmounted  by  a  cross 
pattee,  also  gold,  the  whole  enriched  with  precious  stones  :  cap  of  crimson  velvet,  turned 
up  erm. 

Badges — 1.  England — The  red  and  white  rose  united.  2.  Scotland — A  thistle.  3.  Ire- 
land— A  harp  or,  the  strings  ar.  4.  Ireland — A  shamrock  leaf  vert.  5.  Wales — A  dragon 
pass,  wings  elevated  gu.  upon  a  mount  vert.     All  ensigned  with  the  royal  crown. 

*  *  The  arms  of  the  three  Royal  Dyuiisties  of  Wales  were — 

I.  North  Wales,  Quarterly,  or  and  gu.  four  lions  pass,  guard,  counterchanged. 
II.  South  Wales,  Gu.  a  lion  ramp,  within  a  bordure  indented  or. 
III.  PowYS,  Ar.  a  lion  ramp.  sa.  (the  Black  Lion  of  Powys). 


THE  ROYAL  ARMORY. 


THE    PRINCE    OF    WALES. 


rpHE  Most  High,  Most  Pdissant,  and  Most  Illustrious  Prince  ALBERT  EDWARD, 
-*-  PRINCE  OF  WALES,  Duke  of  Saxony,  Duke  of  Cornwall  and  Rothsat, 
Earl  of  Chester,  Carrick,  and  Dublin,  Baron  of  Renfrew,  and  Lord  of  the  Isles, 
Great  Steward  of  Scotland,  K.G.,  K.P.,  K.T.,    G.C.B.,   G.C.S.I.,  &c.,  &c. 

Arms — Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  gii.  three  lions  pass,  guard,  in  pale,  or,  England  ;  2nd, 
or,  a  lion  ramp,  within  a  double  tres.sure  tlory  and  counterflory  gu.,  Scotland  ;  3rd,  az.  a 
harp  or,  stringed  ar.,  Ireland  ;  differenced  by  a  label  of  three  points  ar.  and  in  the  centre  of 
the  said  royal  arms  an  escutcheon  of  the  arms  of  the  august  house  of  Saxony,  viz.,  barry  of 
ten  or  and  sa.  a  crown  of  rue  in  bend  vert,  for  Saxe-Coburg. 

Crest — On  the  coronet  of  the  Prince  of  Wales  a  lion  statant  guard,  or,  crowned  with  the 
like  coronet,  and  differenced  with  a  label  of  three  points  ar. 

Badge — A  plume  of  three  ostrich  feathers  ar.  enfiled  by  a  coronet  composed  of  fleurs- 
de-lis  and  crosses  patt6e  alternately,  and  motto,  "  Ich  Dien,"  being  the  badge  of  H.R.H.  as 
Prince  of  Wales. 

Supporters — Dexter,  a  lion  giiard.  or,  crowned  with  the  Prince  of  Wales  coronet,  and 
differenced  by  a  label  of  thiee  points  ar.  ;  sinister,  an  unicorn  ar.  gorged  with  a  coronet 
com{xj8ed  of  fleurs-de-lis  and  croa.ses  patt^e,  therefrom  a  chain  reflexed  over  the  back  or, 
differenced  with  a  label  of  three  points  ar. 

Motto—  Ich  Dien. 


THE  ROYAL  ARMORY. 


THE    DUKE    OF    EDINBURGH. 


TTIS  EoTAL  Highness  Prince  Alfred  Ernest  Albert,  Duke  of  Edinburgh,  Earl 
*  *  OF  Kent,  and  Earl  of  Ulster,  in  the  Peerage  of  the  United  Kingdom,  Prince  of 
the  United  Kingdom,  Duke  of  Saxony,  Prince  of  Saxe-Coburg  and  Gotha,  K.G.,  K.T., 
G.C.S.L,  G.C.M.G.,  &c.,  &c. 

Arms — The  Eoyal  Arms,  differenced  by  a  label  of  three  points  ar.  the  centre  point 
charged  with  St.  George's  Cross,  and  each  of  the  other  points  with  an  anchor  az.  ;  and  in  the 
centre  of  the  said  royal  arms,  an  escutcheon  of  the  august  house  of  Saxony,  viz.,  barry  of  ten 
or  and  sa.  a  crown  of  rue  in  bend  vert. 

Crest—  On  a  coronet  composed  of  crosses  pattee  and  fleurs-de-lis  a  lion  statant  guard, 
or,  crowned  with  the  like  coronet,  and  difl'erenced  with  a  label  of  three  points  ai*.  charged 
as  in  the  arms. 


Supporters — The  Royal  Supporters,  differenced  with  the  like  coronet  and  label. 


Ill 


THE  ROYAL  ARMORY. 


THE  DUKE  OF  CONNAUGHT  AND  STRATHEARN. 


TTIS  RoTAii  HionNESs  Prince  Arthur  William  Patrick  Albert,  Duke  of  Connaught 
*  '      AND  OF  Strathearn,  anu  Earl  OF  SussEX,  in  the  Peerage  of  the  United  Kingdom, 
Prince  of  the  United  Kingdom,  Duke  of  Saxony,  Prince  of  Saxe-Coburg  and  Gotha,  K.G., 
K.T.,  K.P.,  G.C.M.G.,  &c..  &c. 

Arms—The  Royal  Arms,  differenced  by  a  label  of  three  points  ar,,  the  centre  point 
charged  with  St.  George's  Cross,  and  each  of  the  other  points  with  a  fleur-de-lis  az.  ;  in  the 
centre  of  the  said  royal  arms,  an  escocheon  of  the  august  house  of  Saxony,  viz.,  barry  of  ten 
or  and  sa.  a  crown  of  rue  in  bend  vert. 

Crest — On  a  coronet  composed  of  crosses  patt6e  and  fleurs-de-lis,  a  lion  statant  guard. 
or,  crowned  with  the  like  coronet,  and  differenced  with  a  label  of  three  points  ar.  charged  as 
in  tlie  arms. 


Supporters — The  Royal  Supporters,  differenced  with  the  like  coronet  and  label. 


THE   ROYAL  ARMORY. 


m* 


THE      DUKE      OF      ALBANY. 


TTIS  Royal  Highness  Prince  Leopold-George-Duncan- Albert,  Duke  of  Albany, 
-*-■-  Earl  of  Clarence,  and  Baron  Arklow,  Prince  of  the  United  Kingdom  of  Great 
Britain  and  Ireland,  Duke  of  Saxony,  Prince  of  Saxe-Coburg  and  Gotha,  K.G.,  K.T., 
G.C.S.I.,  G.aM.G. 

Anm — The  royal  arms,  diflferenced  by  a  label  of  three  points  arg.,  the  centre  point 
charged  with  St.  George's  Cross,  and  each  of  the  other  points  with  a  heart  gules ;  in  the 
centre  of  the  said  royal  arms  an  escutcheon  of  the  august  House  of  Saxony,  viz.,  barry  of 
ten  or  and  sa.,  a  crown  of  rue  in  bend  vert. 


Crest — On  a  coronet  composed  of  crosses-patee  and  fleurs-de-lis,  alien  statant  guardantor, 
crowned  with  the  like  coronet  and  difiersnced  with  a  label  of  three  points,  charged  as  in 
the  arms. 

Supporters — The  royal  supporters  diflferenced  with  the  like  coronet  and  label. 


Uii 


THE  ROYAL  ARMORY. 


THE    DUKE    OF    CUMBERLAND. 


I  I  IS    Royal  Highness  George  Frederick  Alexander  Charles  Erkest  Auqu8TTJs, 
*  *■     Duke  of  Cumberland  and  Teviotdale,  in  the  Peerage  of  Great  Britain,  and  Earl 

OF    Armagh,    in  the  Peerage  of  Ireland,  Prince  of  the  United  Kingdom,  Duke  of  Bruns- 

wick-Luneburg,  Ex -King  of  Hanover,  K.G.,  G.C.H.,  &c.,  &c. 

Arms,  <&c. — The  Royal  Arms  of  England,  as  borne  by  King  George  III.,  with  the  necessary 
labels  of  distinction,  viz.,  a  label  of  three  points  ar.  charged  with  a  fleur-de-lis  betw.  two 
crosses  gu. 


THE  ROYAL  ARMORY. 


liv 


THE    DUKE    OF    CAMBRIDGE. 


XT  IS  RoTAL  Highness  Prix^ce  George  William  Frederick  Charles,  Duke  op  Cam- 
■*-*-  BRIDGE,  Earl  of  Tipperart,  and  Baron  Cdlloden,  in  the  Peerage  of  the  United 
Kingdom,  Prince  of  the  United  Kingdom,  K.G.,  K.P.,  G.C.B.,  G.C.H.,  G.C.S.I.,  Field 
Marshal  Ciommanding  in  Chief  Her  Majesty's  Army,  &c.,  &c. 


Arms— The  Royal  Arms  of  England,  as  borne  by  King  G^orije  III.,  with  the  necessary 
labels  of  distinction,  viz.,  a  label  of  three  points  ar.  charged  on  the  centre  point  with  a  cross, 
and  on  either  side  with  two  hearts  in  pale  gu. 


THE  ROYAL  ARMORY. 


It 


The  Princes  and  Princesses  of  the  Royal  Blood  bear  the  Royal  Arms,  Crest,  and  Supporters, 
differenced  with  the  proper  labels  assigned  to  each  distinctly. 


lix 


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Prixce  Leopold  George  Duncan  Albert.  A  label  of 
three  points  ar.,  the  centre  point  charged  with  St.  Greorge's 
Cross,  and  each  of  the  other  points  with  a  heart  gu. 

Victoria  Adelaide  Maria  Louisa,  Princess  Royal, 
Crown  Princess  of  Germany.  A  similar  label,  charged  in 
the  centre  point  with  a  rose,  and  in  each  of  the  other  points 
with  a  St.  George's  Cross  gu. 


Princess  Alice  Maud  Mart,  Princess  Grand  Duchess 

_  . of  Hesse.     A  similar  label,  charged  in  the  centre  point  with 

/  ^  \       a  rose  gu.  barbed  vert,  and  in  each  of  the  other  points  with 

an  erm.  spot  sa. 


^ 


iX 


-M~M~l^ 


Princess  Helena  Augusta  Victoria,  Princess  Chris- 
tian of  Schleswig-Holstein.  A  similar  label,  charged  in  the 
centre  point  with  St.  George's  Cross,  and  in  each  of  the  other 
points  with  a  rose  gu. 

Princess  Louise  Caroline  Alberta,  Marchioness  of 
Lome.  A  similar  label,  charged  in  the  centre  point  with 
a  rose,  and  in  each  of  the  other  points  with  a  billet  gu. 

Princess  Beatrice  Mary  Victoria  Feodore.  A  simi- 
lar label,  charged  in  the  centre  point  with  a  heart,  and  in  each 
of  the  other  points  with  a  rose  gu. 


OF  THE  DIFFEEENT  MONARCHS  SINCE  THE  CONQUEST. 


William  I.  (the  Conqueror).  Gu.  two  lions  pass,  guard,  or.  Much 
controversy  has  arisen  regarding  leopards  or  lions,  but  the  latter  would 
appear  the  more  correct.  John,  the  Monk  of  Harmonstier,  in  Tourain,  a 
contemporary  writer,  relates,  that  when  Henry  I.  selected  Geoffrey 
Plantagenet  to  be  his  son-in-law,  "  Clypeus  TiConculos  aiireos  imaginarios 
habens  coUo  ejus  suspenditur." 


William  II.  (Rufos),  second  sou  of  the  Conqueror.     The  same  Arms  as  those  of  his 
father. 

Henry  I.,  third  son  of  the  Conqueror.     Arms  similar  to  those  of  his  predecessor. 


King  Stephen.  This  Prince's  Arms  are  differently  described  :  by  some  he 
is  said  to  have  borne  the  same  Arms  as  his  maternal  grandfather,  William 
the  Conqueror  ;  by  others— Gu.  the  bodies  of  three  lions  pass,  the  necks  with 
men's  bodies  or,  in  form  of  the  sign  of  Sagittarius  ;  by  a  third,  which  is  the 
most  correct,  Gu.  a  Sagittarius  ar.  King  Stephen  is  said  to  have  adopted 
the  latter  bearing  from  the  great  assistance  afforded  him  by  the  archers,  and 
having  entered  the  kingdom  when  the  sun  was  in  the  sign  Sagittarius. 


Ivi  THE  ROYAL  ARMORY. 

<?ri-/^,4^  Henry  II.     Gu.  two  lions  pass,  guard,  or,  previously  to  the  King's 

^^^^r  marriage  with   Eleanor  of   Aquitaine,  when  he  adopted  a  third    lion,  for 

Q^^^^^^  Aquitaine.  On  the  Great  Seal  no  Arms  appear,  the  concave  side  of  the 
aT^;^  /^  shielding  only  exhibited.  Henry  II.  appears  to  have  been  the  first  monarch 
M  ^*^^  U  w^o  "^®^  ^  badge,  he  first  bore  an  escarbuncle  of  gold,  an  ancient  mark  of 
^  *V*^^  ^  hj**  paternal  House  of  Anjou,  and  afterwards  introduced  the  sprig  of  broom 
ff  ^^^  Vi  ^laxit,  or  Planta  Genista,  from  which  his  surname,  Plantagenet,  was  derived, 
>  v!^^^_--^  ^^^^  which  was  a  favourite  badge  with  some  of  his  descendants.  He  is  also 
^k<^o-^S^^^J^    said  to  have  borne  a  jennet  between  two  sprigs  of  broom. 

Richard  I.  {Coeur-de-Lion).  Before  the  Crusade,  Richard's  Great  Seal  shows  but  a  moiety 
of  the  shield  (the  dexter  side)  with  a  lion  ramp,  sinister,  from  which  the  inference  is  that  he 
then  bore  two  lions  combatant.  After  his  exploits  in  the  Holy  Land,  another  Great  Seal 
bears  the  three  lions,  which  henceforward  became  the  hereditary  bearings  of  the  Kings  and 
Queens  of  England.  This  King  bore  as  a  badge  a  broom  branch  with  the  pods  open,  this 
device  appears  on  his  first  Great  Seal ;  he  also  used  a  crescent  surmounted  by  a  star.  Having 
defeated  the  French  at  Gisors,  1198,  and  his  watchword  there  being  "  Dieu  et  mou  droit,"  he 
adopted  it  for  liis  motto,  and  it  continued  the  motto  of  nearly  all  his  successors. 

King  John.  Prior  to  his  elevation  to  the  throne,  when  Earl  of  Mortagne,  in  Normandy, 
this  Prince  bore  two  lions  only  ;  after  his  accession  he  assumed  the  Arms  of  his  predecessor. 
King  John  used  as  a  badge  the  crescent  surmounted  by  a  star,  one  of  the  badges  of  his  prede- 
cessor, Richard  I. 

Henry  III.  bore  the  same  Arms  as  his  father  King  John,  and  used  the  Planta  Genista, 
or  broom  slip,  for  his  badge. 

Edward  I.  bore  the  .same  Arms  as  his  father,  Henry  III.,  and  his  grandfather,  King 
John  ;  his  badge  was,  A  rose  slipped,  the  sialk  vert,  the  petals  or. 

Edward  II.  bore  the  same  as  his  three  immediate  predecessors  ;  his  badge  was  a  golden 
tower,  in  allusion  to  the  arms  of  his  maternal  grandfather,  Ferdinand  III.,  King  of  Castile. 

Edward  III.  This  Prince  assumed  the  title  of  King  of  France,  in  sup- 
posed right  of  his  mother,  Isabel,  daughter  of  Philip  IV.,  who  became  that 
monarch's  sole  heiress,  his  three  sons  having  died  issueless.  Quarterly,  1st 
and  4th,  France,  az.  semue-de  lis  or  ;  2nd  an  3rd,  England,  gu.  three 
lions  pass,  guard,  or.  His  favourite  badge  was  "Sunbeams  issuing  from 
clouds."  Henry  VIII.  caused  this  cognizance  to  be  represented  on  the 
habits  of  Knights  of  the  Garter,  in  memory  of  this  sovereign,  the  founder 
of  the  Order.  Edward  III.  also  bore,  A  trunk  or  stump  of  a  tree  eradicated 
and  couped  or. 

Cre/<t — Upon  a  chapeau  gu.  turned  up  erm.  a  lion  pass,  guard,  crowned 

or.     Edward   III.  was  the  first  English  King  who  bore  a  crest,  which  was  continued  by 

succeeding  monarchs  to  Edward  VI.  inclusive,  on  the  Great  Seal. 

The  Order  of  the  Garter  was  instituted  by  King  Edward,  and  the  ribbon  was  generally 

borne  round  the  Royal  Arms  by  his  successors,  although  not  introduced  on  tlie  Great  Seal  before 

the  time  of  Henry  VIII. 

Richard  II.,  son  of  the  Black  Prince.  This  monarch  bore  the  same  Arms  upon  the  Great 
seal  as  Edward  III.,  but  iiaving  chosen  St.  Edward  the  Confessor  for  his  patron,  he  impaled 
the  Arais  of  the  Confcs-sor,  Az.  a  cross  patonce  Ijetw.  five  martlets  or,  with  the  Arms  of  France 
and  England,  quarterly. 

Richard  wius  tlie  finst  Engli.sh  King  who  used  Supporters,  namely,  two  angels  ;  beneath 
the  shield,  a  white  hart  coiichaut,  gorged  witli  a  gold  coronet,  and  chained  under  a  tree ;  a 
device  from  the  ensigns  of  his  mother  Joan,  the  Fair  Maid  of  Kent,  a  white  hind,  which  he 
lK>re  ;is  a  badtje.  He  likewise  used  other  badges,  viz.,  A  pe;i.scod  branch,  with  the  cods  open 
and  eini)ty,  'Jhe  sun  in  splendour,  and  The  eradicated  st\iinp  of  a  tree  couped  or  ;  he  also 
used  A  white  falcon.  At  a  tournament  held  at  Windsor,  j)revious  to  his  departure  for  Ireland, 
forty  krii{,dits  and  as  many  escpiires  were  apparelled  in  green,  with  a  white  falcon  for  a  badge. 
The  "Sunbeams  issuing  from  clouds,"  the  "  Pl.mita  Genista,''  and  the  "  White  hart,"  appear 
on  the  mantle  and  kiitle  of  his  monumental  ertigy  in  Westminster  Abbey.  An  ostrich  ducally 
gorged  and  chained,  holding  a  [Kission  nail  in  the  bill  and  a  "  knot"  are  on  the  effigy  of  his 
first  Queen,  Anne. 

Hknry  IV.  This  Prince  a[)pears  to  have  taken  the  Great  Seal  of  his  predecessor,  the 
second  RiciiAHr),  merely  sub.stituting  his  own  name  for  that  of  the  late  King,  and  bearing  the 
same  Arms,  with  Enol.vnd  occasionally  in  the  first  quarter. 


THE  ROYAL  ARMORY.  Ivii 

Supporters — Oa  the  dexter  side,  a  swan  ar.,  gorged  and  lined  or  ;  on  the  sinister,  an  ante- 
lope ar.  gorged   and  lined  as  the  dexter. 

Badge — A  "silver  swan"  was  the  princijjal  cogni;^ance  of  this  King,  derived  from  the 
Bohuus,  Earls  of  Hereford,  his  first  wife  being  a  daughter  and  co-heir  of  that  House.  Another  of 
his  badges,  "  a  white  antelope,"  is  said  to  have  also  had  a  connection  with  that  house.  Another 
badge  ascribed  to  him  is  a  fox's  tail,  derived  from  his  maternal  ancestors,  the  house  of 
Lancaster.  In  a  MS.  entitled  "  Arms  of  the  Founders  of  the  Order  of  the  Garter,"  the 
badge  of  Henry  Plantagenet,  Duke  of  Lancaster,  represents  a  square  tablet  divided  into  two 
by  a  perpendicular  line  down  the  centre,  coloured  white  and  blue,  on  the  white  appears  a  red 
rose,  and  on  the  blue  a  fox's  brush  in  its  proper  colours.  The  double  SS  was  another  device 
of  this  King,  the  origin  of  which  has  not  been  accounted  for.  His  second  wife,  Joane  of 
Navarre,  used  for  a  cognizance,  an  ermine  collared  and  chained,  with  the  motto,  "  A  tem- 
perance." 

Henry  V.  Quarterly,  France  and  England.  The  Arms  of  France 
having  been  altered  by  the  French  King,  limiting  the  number  of  fleurs-de- 
lis  to  three,  Henry  V.  adopted  the  alteration. 

Supporters  (when  Prince  of  Wales) — Two  swans,  each  holding  in  the 
beak  an  ostrich  feather  and  scroll  ;  after  ascending  the  throne,  he  assumed 
a  dexter  supporter,  a  lion.  ramp,  guard,  crowned,  the  sinister  being  an 
antelope,  as  that  of  his  predecessor. 

Badge — Before  his  accession  to  the  throne  he  used  the  silver  swan  of 
Henry  IV.,  and  afterwards  a  fire  beacon.  Over  his  tomb  in  Westminster 
Abbey  there  is  a  representation  of  an  antelope  and  a  swan  chained  to  a 
beacon. 

Henry  VI.     Arms,  same  as  predecessor. 

Supporters — Two  antelopes  ar.  gorged  with  coronets,  attired  and  chained  or  :  those 
appear  over  the  porch  of  Eton  College.  A  tiger  ramp,  guard,  or,  semee  of  roundles  alter- 
nately sa.  gu.  az.  and  vert,  with  fire  issuing  from  the  mouth  and  ears,  sometimes  occurs  as  the 
sinister  supporter. 

Badge — A  device  of  this  King  was  a  panther,  another  ascribed  to  him  was  two  ostrich 
feathers  in  saltire,  one  silver,  the  other  gold.  The  ostrich  feather  was  a  favourite  badge  of  the 
descendants  of  Edward  III.,  borne,  sometimes  one  and  sometimes  three,  the  pen  of  the  feathers 
was  fixed  in  a  scroll  ;  the  coronet  as  now  borne  by  the  Prince  of  Wales  was  added  by 
Edward  VI.  The  badge  of  Henry  VI. 's  Queen,  Margaret  of  Anjou,  was  a  daisy,  with  the 
motto,  "  Humble  et  loiall.  ' 

Edward  IV.    France  and  England,  quarterly. 

Supporters — Dexter,  a  lion  ramp.  ar.  the  tail  passed  between  the  legs  and  turned  over 
the  back  (one  of  the  supporters  of  the  King,  as  Earl  of  March  ;  sinister,  a  bull  sa.,  horned  and 
hooped  or  ;   a  white  hart  was  likewise  borne. 

Badges — A  falcon  ar.  within  a  fetterlock  closed  or,  as  Duke  of  York. 

A  dragon  sejant  sa.  crowned  or,  as  Earl  of  l3^1ster. 

A  bull  sa.  horned  and  hoofed  or,  for  the  Honour  of  Clare  or  Clarence. 

But  his  favourite  device  was  the  "  rose  en  soleil,"  viz.,  a  white  rose  surrounded  with  the 
rays  of  the  sun. 

He  also  used  a  white  hart  attired,  gorged  with  a  coronet,  and  chained  or,  on  a  mount  vert, 
This  badge  Edward  used  in  honour  of  Richard  II.,  it  being  that  King's  badge. 

Edward  V.     France  and  England,  quarterly. 

Supporters— Hexier,  a  lion  ar.  (one  of  the  supporters  of  the  Earldom  of  Mardh) ;  sinister, 
a  hind  ar. 

Badges — The  white  rose  of  York,  and  the  falcon  within  the  fetterlock, 

Richard  III.     France  and  England,  quarterly. 

Supporters — Two  boars  ar.  tusks  and  bristles  or.     The  white  boar  was  his  cognizance. 

Badge — The  boar,  composed  of  silver,  tusked  and  bristled  gold,  called  by  Shakespear, 
"  The  bloody  and  usurping  boar."  At  his  coronation  thirteen  thousand  were  provided,  made  an<l 
wrought  upon  fustian.  The  devi  ce  of  his  Queen,  Lady  Anne  Neville,  was  a  white  boar  chained 
and  muzzled  gold,  an  ancient  cognizance  of  the  House  of  Warwick, 

Henry  VII.     France  and  England,  quarterly. 

Supporters— DexX^T,  a  dragon  gu.  (the   ensign   of  Cadwallader,  the  last  King  of  the 
Britons)  ;  sinister,  a  greyhound  ar.  collared  gu. 
Motto — Dieu  et  mon  droit. 


\y[[[  THE  ROYAL  ARMORY. 

Badaes—A  red  dragon,  called  the  Dragon  of  Cadwallader,  was  the  cognizance  of  this 
King  at  first  ;  it  is  usually  found  in  illuminations  on  a  ground  of  white  and  green  the  livery 
colours  of  the  House  of  Tudor.  A  favourite  device  of  this  King  was  a  portcullis  gold,  with  the 
motto, "  Altera  securitas  ;"  this  w.^  derived  from  the  Beauforts.  He  also  used  the  Tudor  rose 
composed  from  the  roses  of  York  and  Lancaster,  viz.,  a  rose  quarterly  ar.  and  gu.,  but  it  was 
sometimes  formed  of  two  series  of  petals,  the  inner  white,  the  outer  red. 

Henry  VIII.     France  and  England,  quarterly. 

Supporters— The  supporters  in  the  beginning  of  this  King's  reign  were  the  same  as  those 
of  Henry  VII  ;  but  he  afterwards  discontinued  the  greyhound,  and  used  the  tollowing 
instead— On  the  dexter  side  a  lion  guard,  and  crowned  or,  transposing  the  red  dragon  to  the 
sinister. 

iJotto — Dieu  et  mon  droit.  ^     ii-„  ^^ 

Badges— A  red  rose  ;  the  union  roses,  red  and  white  ;  a  fleur-de-lis  or  ;  a  portcullis  or. 
He  likewise  used  the  red  dragon,  and  a  cock  silver,  combed  and  wattled  red 

He  was  the  first  English  monarch  who  encircled  the  Royal  Arms  with  the  Garter,  sur- 
mounted by  the  crown,  upon  the  Great  Seal.     His  Queens  bore  the  following  badges  :— 

Katherine  of  Arragon.     a  pomegranate,  also  a  sheaf  of  arrows  silver. 

Anna  Boleyn.     A  silver  falcon. 

Jane  Seymour.  A  phoenix  (since  borne  in  the  family  crest  by  the  Ducal  House  of 
Somerset). 

Anne  of  Cleves.     A  black  lion  charged  on  the  shoulder  with  an  escarbuncle  gold. 

Katherine  Parr.    A  maiden's  head  issuing  from  a  Tudor  rose. 

No  badge  of  Katherine  Howard  has  been  preserved. 

Edward  VI.     Arras,  Supporters,  and  Motto,  the  same  as  his  father,  Henry  VIII. 

Badqes-Beiore  his  accession  to  the  throne  he  bore  the  three  ostrich  feathers  with  the 
pens  in  a  scroll  ;  he  encircled  the  feathers  with  a  poronet,  as  now  borne  by  the  Princes  of 
Wales.     After  his  accession  to  the  throne  his  device  was  the  sun  in  splendour  ppr. 

> 

Mary  I.  The  Queen,  after  her  marriage  with  Philip  of  Spain  bore  the  King's  Arms 
(viz.,  per  fess,  the  chief  part  quarterly  of  four  pieces  :  1st,  Castile  and  Leon,  quarterly  ;  2nd 
Arragon,  impaling  Sicily  ;  3rd,  as  the  2nd  ;  4th,  as  the  1st.  The  base  part  of  the 
escutcheon,  also  quarterly  of  four  pieces:  1st,  Austria  modern;  2nd  Burgundy  modern  ; 
3rd,  Burgundy  ancient  ;  and  4th,  Brabant  ;  over  all  an  inescutclieon  of  Flanders  and  Tyrol 
impaled)"  impaling  France  and  England,  quarterly. 

,S'wpyDO?-«ers— Dexter,  an  eagle;  sinister,  a  lion  lamp,  crowned  or.  ,      ,.^  , 

Badcfes-Queen  Mary  before  her  accession  used  both  the  red  and  white  rose  and  a 
pomegranate,  knit  together,  to  show  her  descent  from  the  House  of  Lancaster  York,  and 
Spain-  but  on  her  liccession,  Winged  Time  drawing  Truth  out  of  a  pit,  with  Veritas 
temporis  filia,"  for  motto,  appears  on  her  first  Great  Seal  betore  marriage. 

She  also  bore  a  sheaf  of  arrows  silver,  united  with  the  Tudor  rose,  the  arrows  being 
placed  on  a  ground  of  green  and  blue.  ,11  j  v     *i,- 

The  rose  ensigned  with  the  royal  crown  seem    to  have  been  another  badge  used  by  this 

Queen. 

Queen  Elizabeth.     France  and  England,  quarterly,  encircled  by  the  Garter 
Si'pporters-Dexier,  a  lion    ramp,  guard,  and  crowned  or  ;  sinister,  the  red  dragon,  as 

borne  by  lier  father,  Henry  VIII-  .1     .    v  *    \.^  ^^Aa. 

/iW./..-This  Queen's  j.riucipal  badge  wns  a  silver  falcon,  as  her  mother's,  but  she  made 
use  of  several  heroical  devices,  but  most  c.n.monly  that  of  a  sieve.  The  badge  of  Iceland,  the 
Irish  harp,  seems  for  the  first  time  in  tkis  Queens'  reign  to  have  been  placed  on  the  Great 
Seal. 

.Tames  I.     Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  France  and  England,  quarterly  ;  2nd, 

or,  a  lion  ramp,  within  a  double  tressure  flory  counterflory  gu.,  for  Scotland  ; 

:Jrd,  ;iz.  a  harp  or,  stringed  an,  for  Irkland.  -^.i^^ 

,Svpportrr.s-])vxii'r,  the  English  lion  ramp,  guard,  crowned  or  ;  simster, 

.  Scottish  unicorn  ar.  gorged  with  the  royal  coronet  and  chained  or. 

Mottoes^''  Heati  pacifici  ;"  and,  "  Dieu  et  mon  droit. 

/iadqes-The  three  badges  of  the  roses,  flour-dc-lis,  and  harp,  and  that  ot 
'<i::£^^[^'^^j:^  a  thistle,  for  Scotland,  all  cnsigne.1  with  the  royal  crown,  ^/^  borne  by 
^'^'^'^^^^'^^  .James  I.,  and  on  his  Great  Seal  appear  banners  of  the  arms  of  Cadwallader, 
the  la«t  King  of  the  Britons,  viz.,  :iz.  a  cross  pattce  fitchce  or,  and  the  Arms  of  King  l^dgar, 


THE  ROYAL  ARMORY. 


Ux 


az.  a  cross  patonce  betw.  four  martlets  or,  to  show  his  descent  from  the  blood  royal  both  of 
Wales  and  England  ;  but  his  chief  device  was  the  dexter  half  of  the  Tudor  rose  joined  to  the 
sinister  half  of  the  thistle  the  whole  ensigned  with  the  royal  crown, 

Charles  I.  Arms,  Crests,  Supporters,  and  Badges,  the  same  as  those  of  his  father, 
James  I. 

On  the  Great  Seal  is  represented  the  standard  of  St.  George,  viz.,  ar.  a  cross  gu.  supported 
by  the  lion  of  England,  and  the  standard  of  St.  Andrew,  being,  az.  a  saltire  ar.  upheld  by  the 
unicorn  of  Scotland. 

Charles  II.  This  Monarch  bore  the  same  Arms,  &c.  as  Charles  I.,  and  by  Royal 
warrant  dated  9th  Feb.  in  the  13th  year  of  his  reign,  directed  that  in  future  the  heir  apparent 
to  the  crown,  for  the  time  being,  should  use  and  bear  a  coronet  composed  of  crosses  and  fleurs- 
de-lis  with  one  arch,  and  in  the  midst  a  ball  and  cross,  as  in  the  royal  diadem  ;  aud  that  his 
brother,  James,  Duke  of  York,  the  sons  of  the  Sovereign,  and  the  immediate  sons  and  brothers 
of  his  successors.  Kings  of  England,  should  use  coronets  composed  of  crosses  and  fleurs-de-lis 
only  ;  but  that  all  their  sons,  respectively,  having  the  title  of  Dukes,  shall  use  coronets  com- 
posed of  crosses  and  flowers,  or  leaves,  such  as  are  used  in  the  coronets  of  Dukes  not  being  of 
the  Blood  Eoyal. 

James  II.     This  King  used  the  same  Arms,  &c.,  as  his  brother,  Charles  II. 


William  III.  and  Mary  II.  Arms,  &c.  those  of  James  I.  with  an 
escutcheon  of  pretence,  thereon  the  Arms  of  Nassau,  viz.,  az.  biUetty  or,  a  liou 
ramp.  gold. 

Motto — Je  mainteindra. 


Cbe  (Union  of  tbe  Ctoo  iBiincftioms!. 


Queen  Anne  on  her  accession  bore  the  same  arms  as  William  III., 
without  the  escutcheon  of  })i'etence  for  Nassau,  viz.,  1st  and  4th,  Franck 
and  England,  quarterly ;  2nd,  Scotland  ;  3rd,  Ireland  ;  but  after  the 
union  with  Scotland,  Her  Majesty  bore,  1st  and  4th,  Kngland,  impaling 
Scotland;  2nd,  France,  3rd,  Ireland. 


George  II. 


George  I.  bore  quarterly,  1st,  England,  impaling  Scotland  ;  2nd, 
France  ;  3rd,  Ireland  ;  4th,  gu.  two  lions  pass,  guard,  in  pale  or,  for 
Brunswick  ;  impaling  or,  semee  of  hearts  gu.  a  lion  ramp,  az.,  for  Lunen- 
burgh  ;  on  a  point  in  point  gu.  a  horse  courant  ar.,  for  Saxony  ;  on  the 
centre  of  the  fourth  quarter  an  escutcheon  gu .  charged  with  the  crown  of 
Charlemagne  or,  as  the  Arch-Treasurer  of  the  Holy  Roman  Empire. 


This  Sovereign  bore  the  same  Arms,  &c.,  as  his  father,  George  I. 


Ix 


THE  ROYAL  ARMORY. 


George  III.  bore  the  shield  the  same  as  George  the  First,  until 
the  union  with  Ireland,  when  the  ensigns  of  France  were  abandoned, 
and  by  His  Majesty's  Order  in  Council,  dated  5  Nov.  180:t,  it  was 
ordered  that  the  following  should  be  the  armorial  bearings,  standards, 
badges,  &c.,  of  the  United  Kingdom  : — 

Arms — Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  England,  viz.,  Gu.  three  lions  pass, 
guard,  or  ;  2nd,  Scotland,  Or,  a  lion  ramp.  gu.  within  a  double  tressure  flory 
counterflory  of  the  last ;  3rd,  Ireland,  Az.  a  harp  or,  stringed  ar.  On  an 
escutcheon  of  pretence  for  His  Majesty's  Hanoverian  Dominions,  Gu.  two 
lions  pai's.  guard,  in  pale  or,  for  Brunswick,  impaling  or,  semee  of  hearts 
gu.  a  lion  ramp,  az.,  for  Lunenburg  ;  on  a  point  in  point  gu.  ahorse  courant, 
for  Saxony;  on  an  escutcheon  gu.  the  crown  of  Charlemagne  or,  as  Arch-Treasurer  of  the 
Holy  Roman  Empire,  the  first  escutcheon  ensigned  with  an  electoral  bonnet. 

Crest  of  England— On  the  Imperial  crown  ppr.  a  lion  statant  guard,  or,  imperially 
crowned  also  ppr. 

Badge  of  England — The  Tudor  rose  slipped  surmounted  by  the  Imperial  crown  all  ppr. 

Crest  of  Ireland— On  a  wreath  or  and  az.  a  tower  triple-towered  or,  from  the  gate  a  hart 
springing  ar.  attired  gold. 

Badges  of  Ireland — A  harp  or,  surmounted  by  the  Imperial  crown  ppr. ;  also  a  trefoil 
slipped  or  shamrock  vert,  surmounted  by  the  Imperial  crown  ppr. 

Crest  of  Scotland — On  the  Imperial  crown  ppr.  a  lion  sejant  affrontee  gu.  Imperially 
crowned  or,  holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a  sword  and  in  the  sinister  a  sceptre  both  erect  and 
also  ppr. 

Badge  of  Scotland — A  thistle  surmounted  by  an  Imperial  crown  all  ppr. 

Badge  of  the  United  KiNGDOM--The  Tudor  rose,  shamrock,  and  thistle  issuant  from  the 
same  stalk,  the  rose  between  the  shamrock  and  thistle,  surmounted  by  the  Imperial  crown, 
all  ppr. 

Badge  of  Wales — On  a  mount  vert  a  dragon  pass,  wings  elevated  gu. 

George  IV.  His  Majesty  bore  the  same  Arms  as  his  father,  George  III.  bore 
after  1st  January,  1801. 

William  TV.    His  late  Majesty  bore  the  same  Arms  as  his  brother,  George  IV. 


Queen  Victoria  bears  the  shield  of  George  the  Third  as  above 
without  the  escutcheon  of  pretence  of  Hanover.  Her  Majesty  also  bears 
the  same  Crests  and  Badges. 


arms  of  ^cotlann* 


Or,  a  lion  ramp,  within  a  double  tressure  flory  counterflory  gu. 

Crest — A  lion  sejant  affrontoe,  gu.  Imperially  crowned  or,  holding  in 
the  dexter  paw  a  aword  erect,  in  the  sinister  a  sce[)tre  ppr. 

Suvporters — Two    unicorns    ar.    gorged    with    a  royal   coronet,  and 
charged  or. 

Mottoes-  ovar  the   crest— In    defence  ;    under  the  arms — Nemo   me 
impune  lacessit. 


Ixi 


arms  of  3IteIanD. 


Az.  a  harp  or,  stringed  ar. 

Crest—A.  tower  triple-towered  or,  from  the  gate  a  hart  springing  ar. 

The  Irish  Bards  were  in  early  times  the  sacred  musicians  and  historical 
poets  of  their  country  :  hence  originated  the  harp  in  the  national  arms. 
King  James  I.  was  the  first  English  monarch  who  quartered  the  ensigns  of 
Ireland.  * 


iRopal  Crities  of  Wi^\t%, 


NORTH    WALES. 


Griffith  ap  Cynan,  King  of  North  Wales,  a.d.  1079;  derived  from 
Anarawd,  King  of  North  Wales,  eldest  son  of  Rhodri  Mawr,  King  of  Wales, 
A.D.  843  :  Founder  of  the  I.  Royal  Tribe.  Gu.  three  lions  pass,  in  pale  ar' 
armed  az. 


Owen  Gwynnedd,  King  of  North  Wales,  eldest  son  of  Griffith  ap  Cynau 
bore,  Vert,  three  eagles  displ.  in  fess  or.  ' 


Llewellyn  ap  Griffith,  Prince  of  North  Wales,  slain  at  Bualth  on  the 
Wye,  in  1272;  derived  from  Owen  Gwynedd  ;  bore,  Quarterly,  or  and  gu. 
four  lions  pass,  guard,  counterchanged. 


SOUTH  WALES. 

TL 

\  ^  ^^^3  ^P  Tewdwr  Mawr,  King  of  South  Wales,  A.t>.  1077  ;  derived  from 
Cadelh,  King  of  South  Wales,  second  son  of  Rhodri  Mawr,  Founder  of  the  II. 
Royal  Tribe.     Gu.  a  lion  ramp,  within  a  bordure  indented  or. 


Ixii 


ROYAL  TRIBES  OF  WALES. 


POWYS. 
III. 

Bleddtn  ap  Ctnftn,  King  of  Powys,  a.d.  1046,  Founder  of  the  III. 
Eoyal  Tribe  ;  derived  from  Mervyii,  King  of  Powys,  third  son  of  Rhodri 
MawT.     Or,  a  lion  ramp  gu.  armed  and  langued  az. 

Meredith  ap  Bleddyn,  Prince  of  Powys,  son  of  Bleddyn  ap  Cynfyn, 
bore,  Ar.  a  lion  ramp.  sa. 

Madoc,  Prince  of  Powys-Fadog,  son  of  Meredith  ap  Bleddyn,  Prince  of 
Powys,  bore  the  sanae  as  his  father. 


Griffith  Maelor,  Lord  of  Bromfield  in  Powys,  eldest  son  of  Madoc  ap 
Meredith,  Prince  of  Powys-Fadog,  boi'e,  Paly  of  eight  ar.  and  gu.  over  all  a  lion 
ramp.  sa. 

Owen  ap    Griffith   Vychan,   Lord   of  Glyndwyrdwy,  the  memorable 

Owen  Glendower,  representative  of  Griffith  Maelor,  bore  originally  the  arms 

of  Griffith  Maelor;  but  on  acquiring  the  sovereignty  of  Wales,  assumed  the 

arms  of  Llewelyn  ap  Griffith,  Prince  of  North  Wales,  as  appears  on  his  Privy 

Seal,  viz.,  Quarterly,  or  and  gu.  four  lions  pass,  counterchanged. 

Owen  Brogyntyn,  Lord  of  Edeirnion,  Dinmael,  and  Abertanat,  in  Powys  Fadog,  son  of 

Madoc  ap  Meredith,  Prince  of  Powys-Fadog,  bore  the  same  arms  as  his  father  and  grandfather, 

viz.,  Ar.  a  lion  ramp.  sa.  armed  and  langued  gu. 


Cynric  Efelt,,  Lord  of  Eglwys  Egle   in  Bromfield,  son   of  Madoc  ap 
Meredith,  bore,  Gu.  on  a  bendar.  a  lion  pass.  sa. 


EiNiON  Efell,  Lord  of  Cynllaeth  in  Deubighland,  twin  brother  of 
Cynric  Efell,  bore,  Per  fess  sa.  and  ar.  a  lion  ramp,  counterchanged  armed 
and  langued  gu. 

Owen  Cyfelioc,  Prince  of  Higher  Powys,  subsequently  called,  from  of 
son  Gwenwynwyn,    Powys-Wenwyuwyn,   second   son   of    Griffith,    Lord  of 
Mawddwy  Cyfeilioc,  who  was  second  son  of  Meredith  ap  Bleddyn,  bore  the 
arms  of  Bleddyn  ap  Cynfyn,  viz..  Or,  a  lion  ramp.  gu.  armed  and  langued  az. 
Madoc  Goch,  Lord  of  Mawddy,  in   Merioneth,  second  sou  of  Gwenwynwyn,   Prince  of 
Powys- Wen wynwyn,  bore  the  arms  of  his  ancestor,  Bleddyn  ap  Cynfyn. 

John,  Lord  of  Mawddwy,  son  of  Wii.iam  (living  17  Edward  I.),  fourth  son  of  Griffith, 
Lord  of  Mawddwy  (ancestor  of  the  Princes  of  Powys-Wenwynwyu),  second  son  of  Meredith 
ap  Bleddyn,  Prince  of  Powys,  bore  the  arms  of  Bleddyn  ap  Cynfyn. 

Cadwgan,  Lord  of  Nannau,  in  Merioneth  (for  some  time  time  associated  in  the 
sovereignty  of  Powys  with  his  elder  brother,  Meredith),  younger  son  of  Bleddyn  ap  Cynfyn, 
King  of  Powys,  bore.  Or,  a  lion  ramp.  az. 


IV. 

Etheltstan  Glodrydd,  Tributary  Prince  of  Ferlys  (the  country  between 
the  Wye  and  the  Severn),  Founder  of  the  IV.  Royal  Tribe.  Quarterly,  first"  and 
fourth,  az  three  boars'  heads  cabossed  sa. ;  second  and  third,  per  bend  sinister, 
ermine  and  erminois,  over  all  a  lion  ramp,  or,  which  latter  was  the  coat  of  his 
mother  Kliingor,  dau.  and  heir  of  Gronwy  ap  Tudor-Trevor,  Lord  of  Wliittiug- 
tuii,  CO.  Salop. 


V. 

JestYN  ap  Gwroant,  Tributary  Prince  of  Glamorgan,  Founder  of  the  V. 
Royal  Tribe.     Gu.  three  clievronels  ar. 


laoible  ^tibt^  of  i^ortft  SHalejJ  atttr  JJotudJ, 


I. 


AwFA,  AP  Cynddelw,  Founder  of  the  I.  Noble  Tribe.     Gu.  a  chev.  betw.  three  lioncels 
ramp.  or. 


II. 


Llowarch,  ap  Bran,  Founder  of  the  II.  Noble  Tribe.     Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  crows  sa. 
each  holding  in  the  bill  an  erm.  spot. 


III. 


GwBifiYDD,  AP  Rhys  Goch,  Lord  of  Tal  Ebolion,  in  Anglesey.     Ar.  on  a  bend  sa.  three 
lions'  heads  cabossed  of  the  first. 


Ixiv  NOBLE  TRIBES  OF  NORTH  WALES  AND  POWIS. 


IV. 


CiLMiN  Troed-Du.  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  ar.  an  eagle  displ.  with  two  heads  sa.  ;  2nd  and 
3rd,  ar.  three  ragged  staffs  gii.  fired  ppr. ;  over  all,  upon  an  escutcheon  of  pretence  ar.  a 
man's  leg  couped  a-la-cuise  sa. 


CoLLWTN,  AP  Tagno,  Lord  of  Efionydel,  Founder  of  the  V.  Noble  Tribe.     Sa.  a  chev.  betw. 
three  fleurs-de-lis  ar. 


Nefydd  Hardd,  Lord  of  Nant  Conway,  Founder  of  the  VI.  Noble  Tribe.     Ar.  three  spears' 
heads  erabrued  sa.  pointed  upwards. 


VII. 


Maelor  Cuwm,  Lord  of  Llechwedd-Isaff  and  Creuddyn,  in  Carnarvon     Ar.  on  a  chev.  sa. 
three  angels  or. 


VIIL 


MARcntTDD.  AP  Ctnan,  Lord   of  Abergelleu,  Founder  of  the  VIIL  Noble  Tribe.     Gu.  a 
Saracen's  head  erased  at  the  neck  ppr.  wreathed  about  the  temples  sa.  and  ar< 


NOBLE  TRIBES  OF  NORTH  WALES  AND  POWIS. 


Ixv 


IX 


Hedd  Molwtnoo,  Lord  of  Uwch  Aled,  Founder  of  the  IX.  Noble  Tribe.    Sa.  a  hart  pass, 
ar.  attired  or. 


Braint  Hir,  Lord  of  Isduks,  Founder  of  the  X.  Noble  Tribe.    Vert  a  cross  flory  or. 


Marchweithian,  Lord  of  Is- Aled,  Founder  of  the  XI.  Noble  Tribe.    Gu.  a  lion  ramp.  ar. 
armed  az. 


XII. 


Edwtn,  Lord  of  Tegaingle,  co.  Flint,  Founder  of  the  XII.  Noble  Tribe.    Ar.  a  cross  flory 
engr.  sa,  betw.  four  Cornish  choughs  ppr,  armed  gu. 


XIII. 


Ednowian  Bendew,  Lord  of  Tegaingle,  a.d.  1079,  Founder  of  the  XIII.  Noble  Tribe.    Ar. 
a  chev.  betw.  three  boars'  heads  couped  sa. 


Ixvi 


NOBLE  TRIBES  OF  NORTH  WALES  AND  POWIS. 


XIV. 


Efxtdd  ap  Gwevllian,  Founder  of  the  XIV.  Noble  Tribe.  Gu.  a  lion  ramp.  or.  He 
also  quartered  the  ai-ms  of  his  mother  Gwenllian,  dau.  and  heir  of  Rhys  ap  Marchen, 
viz.,  Az.  a  fess  or,  betw.  tliree  uags'  heads  erased  ar. 


XV. 


Ednowain,  ap  Bradwen,  Lord  of  Llys-Bradwen,  in  Merioneth,  Founder  of  the  XV.  Noble 
Tribe.     Gu.  three  snakes  nowed  in  a  triangular  knot  ar. 


IBxiti^sif)  ©rner0  of  EnigfttftooU. 


THE  MOST  NOBLE  ORDER  OF  THE  GARTER 

Instituted  by  King  Edward  III.  about  August,  1348. 

(K.G.) 


HABIT  AND   INSIGNIA. 

The  Garter  of  dark-blue  velvet,  edged  with  gold,  bearing  the  motto  in  golden  letters, 
with  buckle  and  pendent  of  gold  richly  chased.  The  garter  is  worn  on  the  left  leg  below  the 
knee. 

The  Mantle  of  blue  velvet,  lined  with  white  taffeta ;  on  the  left  breast  the  star 
embroidered. 

The  Hood  of  crimson  velvet. 

The  Subcoat  likewise  of  crimson  velvet  lined  with  white  taffeta. 

The  Hat  of  black  velvet,  lined  with  wh'te  taffeta  ;  a  plume  of  white  ostrich  feathers, 
in  the  centre  of  which  a  tuft  of  black  heron's  feathers,  all  fastened  to  the  hat  by  a  ba»d  of 
diamonds. 

The  Collar,  gold,  consisting  of  twenty-six  pieces,  each  in  form  of  a  garter,  enamelled, 
azure,  and  appended  thereto. 

The  George,  or  figure  of  St.  George  on  horseback,  encountering  the  dragon.  The  George 
18  worn  to  the  collar  ;  and  the  lesser  George,  pendent  to  a  broad  dark-blue  ribbon  over  the 
left  shoulder. 

The  star  of  eight  points,  silver,  upon  the  centre  of  which  the  Cross  of  St.  George,  gules, 
encircled  with  the  garter. 

Atotto — Honi  soit  qui  mal  y  pense.  Ribbon  of  the  Order — Garter  blue. 


Ixviil 


BRITISH  ORDERS  OF  KNIGHTHOOD. 


THE  MOST  ANCIENT  AND  MOST  NOBLE  ORDER 
OF  THE  THISTLE. 

Revived  by  King  James  II.  in  1687.    Re-established  by  Queen  Anne,  Blst  December,  1703. 


(K.T.; 


The  Star  of  this  Order,  which  is  worn  on  the  left  side  of  the  coat  or  cloak,  consists  of  a 
St.  Andrew's  Cross,  of  silver  embroidery,  with  rays  emanating  from  between  the  points  of 
the  cross,  in  the  centre  of  which  is  a  thistle  of  green,  heightened  with  gold;  upon  a  held  ot 
gold,  surrounded  by  a  circle  of  green,  bearing  the  motto  of  the  Order  in  golden  characters. 

Thb  Badge,  or  Jewel,  worn  pendent  to  the  collar,  or  to  a  dark  green  ribbon  over  the 
left  shoulder  and  tied  under  the  arm.  It  consists  of  a  figure  of  St.  Andrew,  of  gold  enamelled, 
with  his  gown  greon  and  the  surcoat  purple,  bearing  before  him  the  cross,  enamelled  white, 
the  whole  surrounded  by  rays  of  gold  in  the  form  of  a  glory  ;  the  cross  and  feet  resting  upon 
the  ground,  of  enamelled  green. 

The  Collar  is  of  Thistles,  intermingled  with  sprigs  of  rue. 
Motto— memo  me  impune  lacessit.     Ribbon  of  the  Order — Green. 


BRITISH  ORDERS  OF  KNIGHTHOOD. 


iTtJT 


THE  MOST  ILLUSTRIOUS  ORDER  OF  ST.  PATRICK. 

Instituted  by  King  George  III.,  February  btk,  1783. 

(K.P.) 


The  Star— The  Star  of  the  Order  cf  Saint  Patrick  consists  of  the  Cross  of  Saint  Patrick, 
gules,  on  a  field  argent,  charged  with  a  trefoil  aa  on  the  Badge,  surrrounded  by  a  sky-blue 
enamelled  circle,  containing  the  motto  and  date,  and  is  encircled  by  four  greater  and  two 
lesser  rays  of  silver. 

The  Collar.— "The  Collar  of  Our  Most  Illustrious  Order  of  Saint  Patrick,"  say  the 
statutes,  "shall  be  of  gold,  and  it  shall  be  composed  of  Roses  and  Harps  alternate,  tied 
together  with  a  knot  of  gold,  and  the  said  roses  shall  be  enamelled  alternately  white  leaves 
within  red,  and  red  leaves  within  white  ;  and  in  the  centre  of  the  said  Collar  shall  be  an 
Imperial  Crown,  surmounting  a  Harp  of  Gold,  from  which  shall  hang 

"The  Badge  of  our  said  Order  ;  and  the  said  Badge  shall  be  of  gold,  surmounted  with 
a  wreath  of  Shamrock  or  Trefoil,  within  which  shall  be  a  circle  of  Blue  Enamel  containing 
the  Motto  of  Our  said  Order  in  Letters  of  Gold,  viz.,— Quis  Separabit,  with  the  date 
MDCCLxxxiii.  being  the  year  in  which  Our  said  Order  was  founded,  and  encircling  the  Cross 
of  St.  Patrick,  gules,  surmounted  with  a  trefoil  vert,  ^ch  of  its  leaves  charged  with  an 
Imperial  Crown  or,  upon  a  field  argent." 


Motto — Quia  separabit. 


Ribbo7i— Sky -hlue. 


Ixx 


BRITISH  ORDERS  OP  KNIGHTHOOD. 


THE  MOST  HONOURABLE  ORDER  OF  THE  BATH. 
Instituted  in  1399.     Revived  in  1725.     Enlarged  in  1815  and  1847. 

MILITARY   KNIGHTS   GRAND   CROSS.      (g.C.B.) 


The  Badge  for  the  Military  Classes  of  the  Order  is  a  gold  Maltese  cross,  of  eight 
points,  enamelled  argent  ;  in  the  four  angles,  a  lion  passant  guardant  or  ;  in  the  centre,  the 
rose,  thistle,  and  shamrock,  issuant  from  a  sceptre  between  three  imperial  crowns  or,  within  a 
cLrcle  gules  ;  thereon  the  motto  of  the  Order,  surrounded  by  two  branches  of  laurel  proper, 
issuing  from  an  escroU  azure,  incribed  Ich  Dien  (I  serve),  in  letters  of  gold.  It  is  worn  by 
the  grand  crosses  pendent  from  a  red  ribbon  across  the  right  shoulder,  by  the  knights  com- 
manders from  the  neck,  and  by  the  companions  from  the  button-hole. 

The  Collar  is  of  gold  (weight  thirty  ounces  Troy  weight),  and  is  composed  of  nine 
imperial  crowns,  and  eight  roses,  thistle,  and  shamrock,  issuing  from  a  sceptre,  enamelled  in 
their  proper  colours,  tied  or  linked  together  with  seventeen  gold  knots,  enamelled  white, 
having  the  badge  of  the  Order  pendent  therefrom. 

The  Star  of  the  Military  Grand  Crosses  is  formed  of  rays  or  flames  of  silver,  thereon 
a  gold  Maltese  cross,  and  in  the  centre,  within  the  motto,  branches  of  laurel,  issuant  as  in  the 
badge. 

civil  knights  grand  CROSa 


The  Civil  Knights  Grand  Crosses  retain  the  old  badge  and  star  of  the  Order.  The 
Star  is  of  silver,  formed  with  eight  points  or  rays,  charged  with  three  imperial  crowns,  proper, 
upon  a  glory  of  silver  rays,  surrounded  with  a  red  circle,  upon  which  is  the  motto  of  the 
Order.  Their  badge  is  of  gold,  comjKjsed  of  a  rose,  thistle,  and  shamrock,  issuing  from  a 
sceptre  between  three  imperial  crowns,  encircled  by  the  motto.     The  civil  knights  com- 


BRITISH  ORDERS  OF  KNIGHTHOOD. 


Ixxi 


manders  wear  the  same  badge,  of  a  smallar  size,  round  the  neck  by  a  red  ribbon,  and  the 
civil  companions  the  same,  but  of  a  still  smaller  size,  from  the  button-hole,  pendent  from  a 
red  ribbon. 

MILITARY   KNIGHTS  COMMAIfDERS.       (k.C.B.) 


CIVIL   KXIGHTS   COMMANDEBS.       (K.C.B.) 


The  Star  of  the  Knights  Commanders  is  in  the  form  of  a  cross-patt6e  of  silver, 
having  the  same  centre  as  the  Grand  Crosses,  but  without  a  gold  Maltese  cross  thereon.  The 
star  of  the  Civil  Knights  Commanders  is  of  the  same  form  and  size,  only  omitting  the  laurel 
wreath  round  the  circle  containing  the  motto  and  the  escroll  with  the  words  "  Ich  dien  " 
underneath. 


military  companions,     (c.b.) 


CIVIL  companions,     (c.b.) 


Motto — Tria  juncta  in  uno. 


Ribbon  of  t/w.  Order — Red. 


Ixzii 


BRITISH  ORDERS  OF  KNIGHTHOOD. 


THE  MOST  EXALTED  ORDER  OF  THE  STAR  OF  INDIA. 


Instituted  by  Her  Majesty  Queen  Victoria^  February  23rc?,  1861,  and  enlarged^ 

March  28th,  1866. 


The  Star. — Rays  of  gold  iasuing  from  a  centre,  having  thereon  a  star  in  diamonds, 
resting  upon  a  light  blue  enamelled  circular  ribbon,  tied  at  the  ends,  inscribed  with  the  motto 
of  the  Order,  viz. : — "  Heaven's  light  our  guide,"  also  in  diamonds. 

The  Collar. — Composed  of  the  lotus  of  India,  of  palm  branches,  tied  together,  in 
saltier,  and  of  the  united  Red  and  White  Rose.  In  the  centre  is  an  imperial  crown  ;  all 
richly  enamelled  on  gold,  in  their  pro[)er  colours. 

The  Badge. — An  onyx  cameo  of  Her  Majesty's  effigy,  set  in  a  perforated  and  orna- 
mented oval,  containing  the  motto  of  the  Order,  "Heaven's  light  our  guide,"  surmounted 
by  a  star  all  in  diamonds.  The  Ribbon  of  the  Order  is  sky-blue,  having  a  narrow  white 
stripe  towards  either  edge,  and  is  worn  from  the  right  shoulder  to  the  left  side. 

The  Mantle. — Light  blue  satin,  lined  with  white,  and  fastened  with  a  cordon  of  white 
silk,  with  blue  and  silver  taaaehs,  ou  the  left  side  a  representation  of  the  star  of  the  Order. 


BRITISH  ORDERS  OF  KNIGHTHOOD. 


tytiii 


KNIGHTS  COMMANDERS. 


The  Knights  Commanders  wear  around  their  necks  a  ribbon  of  the  same  colours  and 
pattern  as  that  of  the  First  Class,  but  two  inches  in  width,  hanging  therefrom  the  Badge  of  a 
smaller  size  than  that  appointed  for  the  Knights  Grand  Commanders  except  the  star,  which 
surmounts  it,  is  of  silver  ;  on  their  left  breast  a  star  composed  of  rays  of  silver  issuing  from 
a  gold  centre,  having  thereon  a  silver  star  resting  upon  a  bhie  enamelled  circular  ribbon,  tied 
at  the  ends,  inscribed  with  the  motto  of  the  Order. 


COMPANIONS. 


The  Companions  wear  from  the  left  breast  a  Badge  of  the  same  form  as  appointed  for 
the  Knights  Commanders,  but  of  a  smaller  size  pendent  to  the  like  ribbon  of  the  breadth  of 
one  inch  and  a  half. 


Motto — Heaven's  light  our  guide. 

Ribbon  of  the  Orcfor— Sky-blue,  with  a  narrow  white  stripe  towards  either  edge. 


bmv 


BRITISH  ORDERS  OF  KNIGHTHOOD. 


THE  MOST  DISTINGUISHED  ORDER  OF  ST.  MICHAEL 
AND  ST.  GEORGE. 


Instituted  27th  April,  1818,  by  Letters  Patent,  under  the  Great  Seal  of  Great  Britain,  and 
enlarged  and  extended  ith  December,  1 868, /or  the  natural  bom  subjects  of  the  Crown 
of  the  United  Kingdom  as  may  have  held  or  shall  hold  high  and  confidential  offices 
within  Her  Majesty's  colonial  possessions,  ^c. 


HAUIT   AND    INSIGNIA. 

The  Star  of  a  Knight  Grand  Cross  is  composed  of  seven  rays  of  silver,  having  a  small 
ray  of  gold  between  each  of  them,  and  over  all  the  cross  of  St.  George,  gules.  In  the  centre 
in  a  representation  of  the  Archangel  St.  Michael  encountering  Satan,  within  a  blue  circle, 
inscribed  with  the  motto,  AusriciOM  Melioris  ^-Evi. 

The  Collar  is  formed  alternately  of  lions  of  England,  of  Maltese  crosses,  and  of  the 
ciphers  S  M  and  S  G,  having  in  the  centre  the  imperial  crown,  over  two  winged  lions,  passant 
puardant,  each  holding  a  book  and  seven  arrows.  At  the  ojiposite  end  of  the  collar  are  two 
«iniilar  lions.  The  whole  is  of  gold  except  the  crosses,  which  are  of  white  enamel,  and  it  is 
linked  together  by  small  gold  chains. 

The  Badoe  is  a  gold  cross  of  fourteen  points  of  white  enamel,  edged  with  gold,  having 
in  the  centre,  on  one  side,  the  Archangel  St.  Michael  encountering  Satan,  and  on  the  other 
St.  George  on  horseback,  encountering  a  dragon,  with  a  blue  circle,  on  which  the  motto  of 
the  Order  is  inscribed.  The  Cross  is  surmounted  by  the  imperial  crown,  and  is  worn  by  the 
Knights  Grand  CYoss  to  the  Collar,  or  to  a  wide  Saxon-blue  ribbon,  with  a  scarlet  stripe  from 
the  right  shoulder  to  the  left  side. 


BRITISH  ORDERS  OF  KNIGHTHOOD. 


Ixxv 


The  Mantle  is  of  Saxon-blue  satin,  lined  with  scarlet  silk,  tied  with  cordons  of  blue  and 
scarlet  silk  and  gold,  and  haa  on  the  left  side  the  star  of  a  Knight  Grand  Crosa 

The  Chapeau  is  of  blue  satin,  lined  with  scarlet,  and  surmounted  with  white  and  black 
ostrich  feathers. 


KNIGHTS  COMMANDERS. 


The  Knights  Commanders  wear  the  badge  suspended  to  a  narrower  ribbon  from  the 
neck,  and  have  on  their  left  side  a  star  composed  or  four  rays,  with  a  small  cross  of  eight 
points  in  saltire,  of  silver,  surmounted  by  the  cross  of  St  George,  gules,  and  having  the  same 
centre  as  the  Star  of  the  Grand  Crosses. 


COMPANIONS. 


The  Cavalieri  and  Companions  wear  the  small  cross  of  the  Order  from  a  still  narrower 
ribbon  at  the  button-hole  of  their  coats. 


Motto — Auspicium  Meliuris  .^vi    Ribbon  of  the  Orcfer— Sason-blue,  with  a  scarlet  stripe. 


kxvi  BRITISH  ORDERS  OF  KNIGHTHOOD. 

THE  ORDER  OF  THE  INDIAN  EMPIRE. 

Instituted  by  Her  Majesty  Queen  Victoria,  Empress  of  India,  1  January,  1878. 


This  Order  was  instituted  to  reward  services  rendered  to  Her  Majesty  and  Her  Indian 
Empire  and  to  commemorate  the  Proclamation  of  Her  Style  and  Title  of  Empress  of  India, 
and  is  to  consist  of  the  Sovereign,  Gi-and  Master,  and  Companions. 

The  Viceroy  and  Governor-General  of  India  for  the  time  being  io  be  Grand  Master  of 
the  Order. 

The  Companions  are  to  consist  of  such  persons  who  by  their  services,  official  or  other,  to 
the  Empire  of  India,  have  merited  the  Royal  Favour,  and  upon  such  distinguished  Eepre- 
sentatives  of  Eastern  Potentates  as  the  Sovereign  may  think  fit. 

The  Councillors  of  Her  Majesty  for  the  Indian  Empire  are  to  be  ex-officio  and  for  life 
Companions  of  the  Order. 

The  Companions  of  the  Order  to  have  place  and  precedency  next  to  and  immediately 
after  the  Companions  of  the  Order  of  St.  Michael  and  St.  George,  and  to  rank  among  them- 
selves according  to  the  date  of  their  respective  nominations. 

The  Badge  consists  of  a  Rose,  enamelled  gules,  barbed  vert,  having  in  the  centre  Her 
Majesty's  Royal  Effigy,  within  a  purple  circle,  inscribed  "  Victoria  Imperatrix,"  with  the 
word  "  India  "  on  the  leaves  of  the  rose,  surmounted  by  an  Imperial  Crown,  all  gold,  pendent 
from  an  ornamented  gold  clasp  by  an  Imperial  purple  ribbon,  one  inch  and  a  half  in  width. 


BRITISH  ORDERS  OF  KNIGHTHOOD 


Ixxvii 


ROYAL  ORDER  OF  VICTORIA  AND  ALBERT. 


Instituted  10  February,  1862.    Enlarged  10  October,  1864,  15  November,  1865, 

and  15  March,  1880. 


FIRST  CLAS& 


SECOND  CLASS. 


Ixiviii 


BRITISH  ORDERS  OF  KNIGHTHOOD. 


THIRD  CLAS3. 


FOURTH  CLASS. 


BRITISH  ORDERS  OF  KNIGHTHOOD.  Ixxix 


THE  IMPERIAL  ORDER  OF  THE  CROWN  OF  INDIA. 


Instituted  by  Her  Majesty  Queen  Victoria,  Empress  of  India,  1  January,  1878. 


This  Order  was  instituted  to  commemorate  the  assumption  of  Her  Majesty's  Imperial  title  of 
Empress  of  India,  and  is  to  consist  of  the  Sovereign,  and  of  such  Princesses  of  Her  Majesty's 
Boyal  and  Imperial  House,  the  Wives  and  other  Female  Relatives  of  Princes  of  the  Indian 
Empire  and  other  Indian  Ladies,  and  of  the  Wives  and  other  Female  Relatives  of  any  of  the 
persons  who  have  held  or  may  hold  the  offices  of  Viceroy  and  Governor-General  of  India, 
Governors  of  Madras  or  Bombay,  or  of  Principal  Secretary  of  State  for  India,  as  the  Sovereign 
may  think  fit. 

The  first  day  of  January  in  every  year  is  to  be  deemed  the  Anniversary  of  the  Institution 
of  the  Order. 

The  decoration  or  Badge  consists  of  Her  Majesty's  Royal  and  Imperial  Cipher, 
"V.R.  «fe  I."  in  diamonds,  pearls,  and  turquoises,  encircled  by  a  border  set  -with  pearls, 
surmounted  by  the  Imperial  Crown,  jewelled  and  enamelled  in  proper  colours,  attached 
to  a  light  blue  watered  ribbon,  edged  white,  of  one  inch  and  a  half  in  width,  tied  in  a  bow. 


SUPPLEMENT 


THE  GENERAL  ARMORY. 


-*^-g*- 


ABABiSOW  (Hants).  Sa.  two  swords  in  saltire,  arg. 
pomels  and  hilts  or,  between  four  fleurs-de-lis  of  the  last. 
Crest — A  demi-female  habited,  holding  in  her  arms  a  quiver 
of  arrows  all  ppr. 

Abbott  (Braemar  House,  Lancaster  Gale,  Paddington,  co. 
Middlesex).  Sa.  a  pale  or,  thereou  a  crosier  of  the  first,  on 
a  chief  of  the  second  three  water-bougets  of  the  field. 
Crest — In  front  of  two  crosiers  saltirewise  sa.  a  unicorn's 
head  erased  or. 

Abel  (Sib  Fkedekick  Auocstds  Abel,  Knt.  C.B.,  D.C.L., 
F.B.S.).  Sa.  on  a  fesse,  engr.  between  two  roses  pale- 
wise,  arg.  three  trefoils  slipped  vert.  Crest — In  front  of  a 
dexter  arm  embowed  in  armour,  the  hand  grasping  a 
thunderbolt,  a  torch  fessewise  fired,  all  ppr.  Motto— Ohne 
Bast  Zum  Ziel. 

Abney  Hastings.  (Baron  Donington).    See  Hastings. 

Abraliam  (Grassendale  Park,  co.  Lancaster,  previously  of 
Swarthraoor  Hall,  Ulveraton,  same  co. ;  John  Abraham, 
£sq.,  of  Grassendale,  had  two  sons,  Thomas  Fell  Abraham, 
bis  successor,  Alfred  Clat  Abraham,  and  a  dau.,  Emma 
Clarke  Abraham).  Erm.  on  a  uhev.  betw.  three  mullets 
of  eight  points  gu.  as  many  towers  ar.  Crest — Upon  a 
mount  vert  in  front  of  two  fronds  of  fei'n  a  rook  ppr.  Motto 
— Veritas,  libertas. 

Accountants,  Chartered  (in  England  and  Wales). 
Ar.  on  a  mount  in  base,  in  front  of  a  rudder  in  bend 
sinister,  a  female  figure  ppr.  representing  "  Economy," 
habited  gu.  mantled  az.  about  the  temples  a  wreath  of 
olive,  in  the  dexter  hand  a  rod,  and  in  the  sinister  a  pair  of 
compasses  also  ppr. ;  a  chief  of  the  second  thereon  a  balance 
suspended  also  or.     Motto — Kecte  numerare. 

Accrington,  Borough  of  (co.  Lancaster;  granted  26 
Aug.  1879).  Gu.  on  a  fesse  ar.  a  shuttle  fessewise  ppr.  in 
base  two  printing  cylinders,  isauant  therefrom  a  piece  of 
calico  (parsley  pattern)  also  ppr.  on  a  chief  per  pale  or  and 
vert  a  lion  ramp,  purpure  and  a  stag  courant  or.  Crest 
— An  oak  branch  bent  from  the  sinister  chevronwise, 
sprouting  and  leaved  ppr.  fructed  or.  iV/o«o— Industry  and 
prudence  conquer. 

Acton  (Acton  Scott,  CO.  Salop  ;  exemplified  to  Adodstus 
Wood,  Esq.,  upon  his  assuming  by  royal  licence,  1874,  the 
surname  of  Acton).  Gu.  two  lions  pass.  ar.  betw.  nine 
cross-crosslets  fltch^e  or.  Crest — A  human  leg  and  thigh  in 
armour  ppr.,  garnished  or,  couped  and  dropping  blood. 

Acworth  (G.  Bbindlet  Acworth,  Esq..  F.S.A.).  Quarterly, 
per  fesse  dovetail,  1st  and  4th,  erm.  on  a  chief  dancetteegu. 
three  ducal  crowns  ar.  within  a  border  sa.  bezant^  ;  2nd 
and  3rd,  ar.  three  roses  gu.  each  charged  in  the  centre  with 
a  mullet  or.  Crest — An  armed  arm  or,  issuant  out  of  a 
coronet  of  strawberry  leaves  gu.  the  hand  grasping  s  ser- 
pent ppr.  holding  in  the  mouth  an  annulet  sa. 

Adam  (Blair  Adam,  co.  Kinross,  bart. ;  created  20  May, 
1882).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  arg.  a  mullet  az.  pierced  o) 
the  field  betw.  three  cross  crosslt-ts  fituhee  gu.  for  Adam; 
2nd,  ar.  three  arrows  gu.  the  niid'llemostpaleways,  the  other 
two  saltireways,  points  downwards,  banded  together  vert, 
accompanied  with  six  trefoils,  slipped  of  the  last,  two  in 
chief,  Vwo  in  fesse,  and  two  in  base,  for  Littlejohn  ;  3rd, 
ar.  three  hawks'  heads  erased  ppr.  on  a  bordure  engr.  az. 
eight  berants,  for  Bbtdone.  Cie.it— K  cross  crosslet  fitchee 
gu.  surmounted  of  a  eword  in  saltire  ppr.  Motto— Crux 
mihi  grata  quies. 


Adams  (Francis  Ottiwell  Adams,  Esq.,  John  Street, 
Berkeley  Square,  London).  Az.  on  a  fesse  engr.  betw.  two 
cat-a-mountains  pass,  guard,  ar.  a  like  cat-a-mountain  of 
the  first.  Crest — A  cat-a-mountain  guard,  ar.  collared  az. 
resting  the  dexter  forepaw  on  a  terrestrial  globe  ppr. 

Adams  (Rev.  William  Cokatne  Adams,  M.A.,  Dummer 
Grange,  co.  Southampton,  eldest  son  of  William  Adams, 
LL.D.,  of  Thorpe,  Chertsey,  by  Hon.  Mary  Anne  Cokayne, 
his  wife,  granddau.  and  co-heiress  of  Charles,  5th  Viscount 
Cullen).  Or,  on  a  cross  betw.  four  martlets  sa.  five  mullet* 
of  the  field.  Crest — A  martlet  sa.  holding  in  the  beak  a 
mullet  or. 

Adams  (Drumelton  House  and  Erne  View  co.  Cavan; 
William  Adams  son  of  William  Adams.  Esq.,  of  Erne 
View,  deceased,  and  grandson  of  William  Adams,  of  GortA 
gommon,  co.  Fermanagh).  Vert,  a  pale  betw.  two  grifilns 
segreant  or,  the  pale  charged  in  chief  with  a  trefoil  slipped 
of  the  first.  Crest — A  griffin's  head  couped  gu.  betw.  two 
wings  sa.  each  charged  with  three  bezants. 

Adams  (Cotswold  Grange,  Cheltenham,  co.  Gloucester). 
Vert,  a  pale  betw.  two  griffins  segreant  or,  quartering 
Shcte  :  per  chev.  sa.  and  or,  in  chief  two  eagles  displ.  of 
the  last;  and  Davis:  Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  swans  sa. 
Crest — A  demi  griftln  segreant  or.     Motto — Tout  ou  rien. 

Adams  (Rev.  James  Williams  Adams,  B.A.,  V.C,  Senior 
Chaplain  on  the  Bengal  Ecclesiastical  Establishment).  Vert 
a  rai-a-raountain  betw.  three  crescents  or.  Crest— Kn  eagle 
reguard.  wings  elevated  sa.  pendent  from  the  neck  an 
escocheon  or,  charged  with  a  cat's  face  vert,  resting  the 
dexter  claw  on  a  crescent  also  or. 

Adamson  (Rushton  Park,  Robertsbridge,  co.  Sussex ; 
William  Adamson,  of  Macclesfield,  co.  Chester,  m.  Mar- 
garet, dau.  of  James  Stuart,  of  Edinburgh,  and  had  a 
son,  William  Rcshton  Adamson,  Esq.,  of  Rushton  Park, 
J.P.,  D.L.).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  ar.  a  tilting  spear 
broken  in  three  pieces,  two  in  saltire  surmounted  of  the 
headpiece  in  pale,  pointed  or,  banded  gu.  for  Adamson;  2nd 
and  3rd,  or,  a  fesse  chequy  az.  and  ar.  surmounted  of  a  bend 
gu.  charged  with  a  bezant  betw.  two  buckles  gold,  in  chief 
a  lion  pass,  guard,  of  the  fourth,  for  Stdart;  impaled  with 
Dakeine:  Gu.  a  lion  pass,  guard,  betw.  two  mullets  or,  two 
flanches  ar.  each  charged  with  a  griffin  segreant  sa.  Crust 
— A  talbot  pass.  az.  bezantee  collared  or.     Motto — Avant. 

Adamson  (co.  Aberdeen,  and  Ewell,  co.  Surrey,  1883).  Ar. 
a  fesse  wavy  betw.  three  cross-crosslets  fitch^  az.  Crest 
— A  cross  crosslet  fitchce  az.  Motto — Crux  mihi  grata 
quies. 

Adderley  (Baron  Norton).  Ar.  on  a  bend  az.  three  masclel 
of  the  field.  Crest — On  a  chapeau  gu.  turned  up  erm.  a 
Btorli  ar.  Sup2iorters — On  either  side  a  stork  ar.  gorged 
with  a  chain  or,  suspended  therefrom  an  escocheon  az. 
charged  with  a  mascle  also  ar.  Motto — Addere  legi 
justitiam  decus. 

Alcester,  Baron.    See  Seymoub. 

Alcock  (John  Alcock,  Bishop  of  Ely,  1486—1500,  Founder 
of  Jesus  College,  Cambridge).  Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  tliree 
cocks'  heads  erased  sa. 

Aldam  (Wabde-Aldam,  Hooton  Pagnell  Hall,  Donc&ster,  co. 
York  ;  exemplified  to  William  Wright  Aldam,  Esq.,  eldest 
son  of  William  Aldam,  Esq.,  of  Frickley  Hall,  same  co., 
upon  his  assuming  by  royal  licence  the  surname  of  Wabde, 
in  addition  to  and  before  that  of  Aldam,  in  conse<;uence  of 
his  marriage,  1878,  with  Sarah  Jclia,  dau.  of  Rev.  William 
Warde,  of  Hootin  Pagnell  Hall).    Quarterly,  1st  and  4th, 


ALD 


SUPPLEMENT. 


ARK 


perfesse  az.  and  enn.  in  smister  chief  and  dexter  basei  an 
eagle  displ.  or,  in  the  dexter  canton  isswant  towards  the 
sinister  base  seven  rays,  the  centre  one  gold  the  others  ar. 
for  Aldam  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  az.  a  cross  flory  or,  and  for  dis- 
tinction in  the  dexter  chief  point  a  crass  crosslet  of  the  last, 
for  Wardb,  Crests —lat,  Aldau:  Issuant  from  a  mount 
Tert  four  ostrich  feathers  ar,  conjoined  at  the  points  by  a 
mill-rind  or  ;  2nd,  Wakde  :  A  wolfs  head  erased  or,  charged 
for  distinction  with  a  cross  crosslet  az. 
Aldworth  (Newmarket,  co.  Cork ;  originally  Aylworth,  of 
Berkshire:  Sir  Richard  Aldwokth,  provost  marshal  of 
Munster,  was  knighted  by  Lord  Deputy  Chichester,  22  April, 
1613).  Ar.  a  fesse  engr.  betw.  six  billets  g».  Crest— A 
dexter  arm  embowed  in  armour,  the  hand  grasping  a  straight 
sword  all  ppr.    Motto — Nee  temere  nee  timide. 

Aldworth  (Stanlake,  Berks.  Richarb  Neville  Aldworth, 
Esq.,  of  Stanlake,  assumed,  in  1762,  the  surname  and  arms 
of  Neville,  and  was  father  of  Richard,  2nd  Lord  Bray- 
tn-ooke;  Visit.  Berks,  1665).  Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  boars' 
heads  ereet  and  ten  cross  crosslets  fitthee  gu.  Crest — A 
demi  dragon  segreant  ar.  holding  a  cross  crosslet  fitch^  gu. 

Aleth  (King  of  Dyfed,  South  Wales).  Az.  three  cocks  ar. 
armed,  crested,  andjelloped  or. 

Alexander  (Gr«neral  Sir  James  Alzxamdeb,  K.C.B.;  so 
created  1871).  Az.  a  chev.  ar.  betw.  three  talbots'  heads 
erased  of  the  last,  collared  gu.  Crest — A  talbot's  head,  as 
in  the  arms.    Motto — Nil  desperandum. 

Alsrar  (Saxon  Earl  of  Mercia,  d.  1 159).    Sa.  an  eagle  displ.  or. 

Allardice  (Barclat-Allardice,  co.  Kincardine;  matricu- 
lated to  Mrs.  Margaret  Barclat-Allahdice,  and  her  only 
surviving  children,  Robert  Barclat-Allardice  and  David 
Stuart  Barclat-Allardice,  Esquires,  and  their  descen- 
dants (formerly  Ritchie),  with  license  and  authority  to  bear 
the  surnames  of  Barclat-Allardice  only  ;  at  the  Lyon 
Office,  Edinburgh,  2  July.  1883).  Quarterly,  Ist  and  4th 
grand  quarters,  ar.  a  fess  wavy  gu.  betw,  three  boars' 
heads  erased  sa.  armed  and  langued  of  the  second,  for 
Aiiu.%j)ict:  of  Allardice :  2nd  grand  quarter,  az.  a  chevron, 
and  in  chief  three  crosses  patee  ar.,  for  Bakclat  o/  Uri/ ; 
3rd  grand  quarter,  counter  quartered,  Ist  and  4tb,  ar.  on  a 
chief  sa.  three  escallops  or ;  2nd  and  3rd,  or,  a  fess  chequy, 
az.  and  ar.  in  chief  a  chevronel  gu.,  for  Graham,  Earl  or 
Henteith  and  Airth.  Crests — Dexter,  a  naked  man  from 
the  middle,  holding  in  his  dexter  hand  a  scymetar  ppr. 
Motto — lu  defence  of  the  distressed,  for  Allardice. 
Sinister,  a  bishop's  mitre  or.  Motto — In  Cruce  spero,  for 
Barclay. 

Allaway.  Sa.  three  boar'  heads  bendways  conped  ar. 
Crett — An  anchor,  thereon  a  dove  holding  in  the  beak  an 
olive  branch  all  ppr. 

Allcroft  (Stokesay  Castle,  co.  Salop,  and  Harlington,  co. 
Middlesex).  Ar.  a  cross  engr.  and  in  the  1st  and  4th 
quarters  a  fret  betw.  four  fleurs-de-lis  sa.  Crest — Out  of  the 
battlements  of  a  tower  a  deml  lion  ppr.  holding  in  the  dexter 
paw  a  flagstaff,  therefrom  flowing  to  tlie  sinister  a  banner 
ar.  charged  with  a  fret  sa.  and  resting  the  sinister  paw  on  an 
escutcheon  also  ar.  charged  with  a  fleur-de-lis  sa.  Motto— 
Dat  Deus  incrementum. 

A>len  (Streatley  co.  Berks,  P.  12).  This  family  descend  from 
John  Allen  of  Streatley,  J. P.,  b.  1593,  son  of  John  Allen 
of  same  place,  d.  1654  ;  who  was  grandson  of  John  Allen  of 
same  place.  Visit  Berks,  1644-6).  Ar.  two  bars  az.  over  all 
an  anchor  in  pale  or.  Crest — A  deml  naked  female  holding 
in  her  right  hand  a  spear  erect  all  ppr. 

Allen  (B.C.  Allen,  Capt.  R.N.).  Per  bend  wavy  ar.  and 
az.  in  sinister  chief  a  crescent,  and  In  dexter  base  a  mullet 
counterchanged.  Crest— An  arm  vested  az.  the  hand  hold- 
ing a  hunting  horn  gu.  garnished  or.     .3fo«o— Vivite  fortes. 

Allen  (Inchmartine.  co.  Perth).  Per  bend  indented  ar. 
and  gu.  in  chief  three  crescents,  two  and  one,  and  in  base 
a  mullet  all  counterchanged,  a  bordure  also  counterchanged. 
Crest — An  eagle  rising  ppr.     A/o»o— Fortiter. 

Allett  (Liniberton,  co.  Lincoln,  and  London ;  Sir  John 
Ali.ett,  Lord  Mayor  of  London  1590,  son  of  Richard 
ALI.ETT,  of  Limberton,  received  the  honour  of  knighthooH 
the  year  of  hit  mayoralty,  and  d.  1.591.  Arms  granted  by 
Dethick,  Garter,  1680.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Ar.  on  a 
pale  la  betw.  two  pellets  a  deiui  lion  ramp.  or.  Cr«jit— A  uni- 
corn's head  erased  ar.  collared  wiih  a  bar  gemel  sa.  homed  or. 

Allhusen  (Stoke  Court,  co.  Buckingham  ;  Christian 
Alluuben,  Knq.,  J. P.,  D.L.,  6.  at  Kiel,  in  Holstcin,  2  Dec. 
I80e,  came  to  England,  March,  1825,  settled  at  NewcastU- 


on-Tyne,  and  purchased  Stoke  Court,  1871).  Barry  of  six 
or  and  az.  four  fleurs-de-lis,  two  and  two,  counterchanged. 
Crest — A  demi  lion  guard,  az.  holding  in  the  dexter  paw 
a  passion  cross  or,  betw.  two  open  buffalo  horns  of  the  last. 
Motto — Devant  si  je  puis. 
Allison  (Roker,  Sunderland,  co.  Durham:  Col.  John  James 
Allison,  commanding  2nd  Durham  militia,  J. P.,  D.L.,  eldest 
son  of  James  Allison,  Esq.,  of  UnderclifT,  same  co.).  Ar.  a 
fess  gu.  betw.  three  blackbirds  per.  a  bordure  of  the  second. 
Crest — A  peacock  in  his  pride  ppr.     Motto — Vincit  Veritas. 

Alliston.  Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  three  boars'  heads  couped  close 
az.  Crest — A  pheon  point  downwards  or,  the  shaft  broken 
off  near  the  head  ppr. 

Allsopp  (Hyndlip  Hall,  co.  Worcester,  Bart. ;  created  7  May, 
1880).  Sa.  three  pheons  chevronwise  or,  betw.  as  many 
doves  rising  ar.  each  holding  in  the  beak  an  ear  of  wheat  of 
the  second.  Crest — Upon  a  pheon  a  plover  close.  In  the  beak 
an  ear  of  wheat  all  or.     Motto — Festina  lente- 

Altree  (Frederick  Altree,  Esq..  B.E.).  Per  chev.  or  and 
vert,  in  chief  two  oak  trees  eradicated  ppr.,  and  in  base  a 
cinquefoil  of  the  first.  Crest — On  a  mount  an  oak  tree, 
and  in  front  thereof  a  serpent  nowed,  all  ppr.  Motto — 
Sperate  futurum. 

Alnred  (arms  from  the  monument  of  Matthew  Alubed,  of 
Heydon,  co.  York,  who  m.  Ann,  dau.  of  Sir  Henrt  Evert, 
and  d.  1719).  Gu.  a  chev.  betw.  three  lions'  heads  erased 
sa.  impaling  Evert,  or,  four  chevronels  gu. 

Ambrose  (William  Henrt  Ambrose,  Esq.,  9,  Grove 
Terrace,  West  Kensington).  Az.  two  lions  pass,  in  pale  ar. 
on  a  chief  dovetailed  of  the  last,  a  fleur  de-lis  betw.  two 
annulets  of  the  first.  Crest — Issuant  from  the  battlements 
of  a  tower  a  cubit  arm  holding  a  billet  in  bend  sinister  all 
or.     Motto — J'  espSre  en  Dieu. 

Ampthill,  Baron.     See  Rcssell. 

Anderson  (Little  Harle  Tower,  co.  Northumberland; 
George  Anderson,  Esq.,  M.A  ,  of  Little  Harle  Tower,  J. P., 
descended  from  a  family  long  settled  at  Newcastle-on-Tyne). 
Gu.  three  martlets  fessewise  or  betw.  as  many  oak  trees 
eradicated  ar.  Crest— In  front  of  a  falcon's  head  erased  sa. 
guttee  beaked  and  eyed  or,  holding  in  the  beak  an  arrow 
bendwise  head  downwards  ppr.  three  hearts  gold.  Motto — 
Vigilans  et  certus. 

Anderson  (London,  late  Edinburgh).  Ar.  a  saltire  engr. 
vert.  betw.  a  thistle  slipped  and  leaved  ppr.  in  chief,  and 
three  mullets  in  flank  and  base  of  the  second.  Crest— A 
crescent  ar.     Motto — Gradatim. 

Andrew  (Tredinick,  co.  Cornwall).  Az.  on  a  saltire  engr. 
betw.  four  ears  of  wheat  or,  a  stag's  head  cabossed  ppr. 
Crest — A  stag  at  gaze  holding  in  his  mouth  a  wheat-ear  all 
or,  charged  on  the  side  with  two  mascles  interlaced  az. 
Motto — Prospice. 

An^us  (Town  Clerk  of  Aberdeen,  1877).  Ar.  a  lion  pass, 
guard,  gu.  on  a  chief  az.  two  mullets  of  the  first.  Crest — 
A  lion,  as  in  the  arms.     Motto — Fortis  est  Veritas. 

Anne  (Burghwallis,  W.R.  CO.  York ;  exemplified  to  Ernest 
Lambert  Swinbdrne  Charlton,  Esq.,  of  Burghwallis  Hall, 
capt.  3rd  batt.  Sherwood  Foresters,  Derbyshire  regt.,  second 
son  of  William  Henrt  Charlton,  Esq.,  of  Hesleyside,  co. 
Northumberland,  deceased,  by  Barbara  Tasbdrob,  his  wife, 
dau.  of  Michael  Anne,  Esq.,  of  Burghwallis  Hall,  also 
deceased,  on  his  taking  by  royal  licence  the  surname  of 
Anne  only  in  lieu  of  that  of  Charlton,  and  the  arms  of 
Anne  and  Charlton  quarterly).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th, 
Anne,  gu.  three  bucks'  heads,  cabossed  ar.  attired  or;  2nd 
and  3rd,  Charlton,  or,  a  lion  ramp.  gu.  Crests — 1st,  Anne  : 
A  maiden's  head  couped  at  the  shoulders  ppr. ;  2nd,  Charl- 
ton:   A  demi  lion  ramp.  gu. 

Anson  (Earl  of  Lichfield,  and  the  descendants  of  George 
Anson  (formerly  Adams),  Esq.,  father  of  the  first  Viscount 
Anson)  quartered  (as  registered  in  the  Heralds  College)  with 
the  Anson  coat  in  the  first  quarter;  2nd,  erm.  three  cats  pass, 
guard,  sa.  for  Adams,  of  Sambrooke  ;  3rd,  az.  three  salmon 
in  pale,  per  pale  or  and  arg.  for  Sambrooke,  of  Sambrooke, 
CO.  .Salop;  4th,  bb.  abend  or,  betw.  three  spear  heads  ar. 
for  Cabbikr,  of  Wirksworlh,  co.  Derby. 

Apperley  (Morben,  co.  Montgomery).  Ar.  a  chev.  gu. 
betw.  three  pineapples  sa.     Crest — A  pineapple  sa. 

Ardilaun,  Baron.    See  Guinness. 

Arkell  (arms  in  Haddington  Church,  co.  Gloucester).  Az. 
on  a  bend  or,  fbur  tortoaux,  a  chief  engr.  «r.  charged  witli 
a  stringed  bow  fesseways  of  the  first. 


ABN 


SUPPLEMENT. 


BAG 


Amison  (Major  W.  B.  Abkisom,  of  Beaumont,  Penrith, 
Cumberland).  Per  pale  az.  and  sa.  a  demi  lion  emsed  betw. 
four  estoiles  saltirewise  or.  Crest — In  front  of  a  fern-brake  a 
staff  lodged  ppr.  resting  the  dexter  forefoot  upon  an  estoile 
or.     Motto — Ditat  servata  Qdes. 

Arrol  (Glasgow,  1878).  Or,  a  lion  ramp.  gu.  betw,  three 
escallops  »a.  Crest — A  demi  lion  gu.,  holding  a  scymetar 
ppr.     Motto — Courage. 

Artindale  (Brown  Hill,  Burnley,  co.  Lancaster  ;  Thouas 
Fbedebic  Aktindale,  Esq.,  of  that  place).  Az.  on  a  fesse 
indented  erminois  betw.  three  mullets  of  six  points  or,  a  lion 
pass,  guard,  gu.  Crest — A  demi  pegasus  or,  winged  fretty 
gu.  holding  betw.  the  hoofs  a  mullet  of  six  poiuts.  Motto — 
In  lumine  luce. 

Ashby  (now  of  Quenby  Hall,  co.  Leicester;  Nicholas 
Hermann  Bebnabd,  Esq.,  of  Bickley,  Kent,  assumed  by 
royal  licence,  1871,  the  surname  and  arms  of  Ashbt,  in 
right  of  his  wife,  Annie,  dau.  and  co-heir  of  Wiluiam  Geobge 
Ashbt,  Esq.,  R.N.).  Az.  a  chev.  erni.  betw.  three  leopards' 
faces  or,  and  for  distinction  a  canton  of  the  second.  Crest — 
Upon  a  mural  crown  arg.  a  leopard's  face  or,  the  rim  of  the 
crown  charged  for  distinction  with  a  cross  crosslet  sa. 

Ashcroft  (Grange  House,  Oakhill  Park,  Old  Swan,  Liver- 
pool). <}iiartcrly,  per  fesse  indented  or  and  vert  four  ash 
branches,  slipped,  leaved,  and  fructed,  all  counterchanged. 
Crest — Out  of  park-pales  or,  an  ash  tree  ppr.  therefrom 
pendent  by  a  riband  gu.  an  escocheon  gold  charged  with  a 
branch  as  in  the  arms  vert.     Motto — Floruit  fraxinus. 

Ashe  (Sowton,  alias  Clist  Fomizon,  co.  Devoa,  and  South 
Petherton,  co.  Somerset ;  William  Ashe,  of  South  Pethei  ton, 
<e7>ip.  James  I. ,  ninth  in  descent  from  Sir  Oliveb  de  Esse, 
temp.  Edward  II.,  whose  second  son,  Henbt  Ashe.  m.  the 
dau.  and  heir  of  Bichabd  Fomizon,  Lord  of  the  Manor  of 
Fomieon.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Quarterly,  1st,  ar.  two 
chev.  sa;  2ad,  vert  a  lion  ramp.  ar. ;  3rd,  gu.  a  cross  erm.; 
4tb,  sa.  a  fesse  ar.  in  chief  two  mullets  of  the  last. 

Ashton  (Little  Ocn  Hall,  co.  Stafford).  Sa.  on  a  pile  betw. 
two  crescents  ar.  acinquefoil  pierced  of  the  field.  Crest — 
On  a  mount  vert,  a  mower  with  his  scythe,  all  ppr.  Motto — 
Fide  et  virtute. 

Ashton  (Maceentie-Ashton ;  Abdndell  Mackenzie,  Esq., 
Stockport,  CO.  Chester,  assumed  the  surname  of  Ashton). 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4th  sa.  on  a  pile  betw.  two  crescents  in 
base  ar.  a  mullet  pierced  of  the  first,  for  Ashton;  2  and  3 
Mackenzie.  Crest — Ashton:  On  a  mount  vert,  a  mower 
ppr.  vested  paly  ar.  and  sa,  in  the  act  of  whetting  his 
scythe  also  ppr. 

Ashurin  (Bretforton  Manor,  Evesham,  co.  Worcester).  Az. 
a  chev.  betw.  three  kites'  hearts  erased  or.  Crttt — A  Moor's 
head  couped  atthe  shoulders  in  profile  ppr.  wreathed  around 
the  temples  ar.  and  az.     Motto — Audax  Vincendo. 

Ashworth  (Egerton  Hall,  Bolton-le-Moors,  co.  Lancaster,  as 
borne  by  Edmcnd  Ashwobth,  Esq.,  of  Egerton  Hall,  J. P., 
eldest  son  of  Edmcnd  Ashwobth,  Esq.,  also  of  Egerton  Hall, 
by  Chablotte,  his  wife,  thiid  dau.  of  Thomas  Cbbistt, 
Esq.,  of  Broomfleld,  Essex  ;  descended  from  a  family  which 
was  originally  settled  in  the  township  of  Ashworth,  and 
thence  removed  to  Turton,  where  they  have  resided  for  two 
hundred  and  fifty  years).  Gu.  a  cross  humett^e  or,  betw. 
four  fleurs-de-lis  ar.     Crest — On  a  mount  vert,  a  fox  ppr. 

Athill  (Guestwick,  CO.  Norfolk;  a  family  of  great  antiquity 
In  that  county).  Ar.  on  a  chev.  sa.  three  crescents  or. 
Crest — Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a  plume  of  three  ostrich 
feathers  ar.     Motto — Crescam  ut  prosim. 

Atkey  (Feedebick  Waltee  Atket,  Esq.,  Craven  Street, 
London).  Per  pale  or  and  gu,  two  chevronels  betw.  as  many 
gryphons'  heads  erased  in  chief,  and  a  garb  in  base,  all 
counterchanged.  Crest — A  gryphon  segreant  or,  gorged 
with  a  collar  gemel  holding  betw.  the  claws  a  cross  moline, 
and  the  dexter  foot  resting  on  a  garb  fessewise  gu. 

Atkin  (Robebts-.\tkin  :  exemplified  by  royal  licence,  dated 
23  Dec,  1882,  to  John  Roberts  .A.tkin,  Esq.,  2nd  son  of 
John  Drew  Atkin,  Esq.,  of  Merrion  Square,  Dublin,  by 
Geobgina,  his  wife,  dau.  of  Sir  Thomas  Kobebts,  1st  Bart. 
of  Briglitfieldstown,  co.  Cork).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th, 
Bobebts,  az.  on  a  chev.  ar.  cotised  or,  three  mullets  of  six 
points  pierced  sa.,  2nd  and  3rd,  Atkin,  ar.  gutte  de  sang, 
a  cross  cotised  flory  and  in  the  1st  and  4th  quarters  a.  trefoil 
slipped  sa.,  and  in  the  2nd  and  3rd  quarters  a  mullet  of  six 
points  of  the  last  pierced  of  the  field.  Crests,  Robebts — On 
a  uiouut  vert  an  eagle  displ,  erai,  wings  ar.  gorged  with  a 


chaplet  of  ivy  ppr.  2nd,  Atkin,  two  greyhounds'  headt 
addorsed  and  erased  ar.  gutte  de  sang  gorged  with  a  collar 
vair  and  each  holding  a  trefoil  slipped  sa. 

Atkins  (Fbedebice  Thomas  Atkins,  of  the  city  of  Madras, 
India,  banker).  Ar.  within  a  cross  voided  five  martlets  sa.  in 
the  1st  and  4th  quarters  a  mullet,  in  the  2nd  and  3rd  a  teur- 
de-lis  az.  Crest — In  front  of  two  greyhounds'  heads  addoned 
and  erased  ar.  gorged  with  a  collar  flory  counter  flory  %z. 
as  many  fleur-de-lis  of  the  last. 

Atkinson  (Micklegate  House,  Pontefract,  co.  York;  John 
Fbank  Atkinson,  Esq.,  youngest  son  of  Uobebt  Atkinson, 
by  LocisA,  his  wife,  dau.  of  Thomas  G.  Stbeet,  Esq.,  of 
Kilburn,  co.  Middlesex,  was  6.  1821,  and  in.  1860,  Mabi 
Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Chbistopheb  Edwabb  Damphieb,  Esq., 
of  The  Hollies,  co.  Southampton,  and  sister  of  Cbossl^oh 
Damphieb  Cbosslet,  Esq.,  of  Scaitcliffe,  co.  Lancaster). 
Gu.  an  eagle  displ.  with  two  heads  ar.  on  a  chief  or,  a  rose 
betw.  two  martlets  az.  impaling  for  Damphieb,  or,  a  lion 
ramp.  sa.  ducally  crowned  gu.  on  a  chief  of  the  last  a  label 
of  five  points  ar.  Crest — An  eagle,  wings  expanded  ar. 
holding  a  fleur-de-lis  in  the  beak,  beaked  and  legged  gu. 
Motto — Tempus  omnia  revelat. 

Atkinson  (Woolley  Grange,  Bradford-on-Avon,  co.  Wilts, 
Wall's  End,  and  Benwell,  co.  Northumberland;  confirmed 
to  Claba  Atkinson,  widow  of  Bdddle  Atkinson,  Esq.,  of 
Woolley  Grange,  Wall's  End,  and  Benwell,  Lieut.  B.  Art., 
and  her  descendants).  Ar.  an  eagle  displ.  with  two  heads 
pean  betw.  two  flaunches  sa.  each  charged  with  a  bugle- 
horn,  stringed  of  the  first  a  chief  gu.  thereon  betw.  two 
martlets  or,  a  pale  of  the  last  charged  with  a  rose,  also  gu. 
barbed  and  seeded  ppr.  Crest — For  wale  desceiidants,  an 
eagle  displ.  with  two  heads  sa.  suspended  from  the  neck  a 
bugle-horn,  as  in  the  arms,  and  holding  in  each  claw  a  rose 
gu.  slipped  and  leaved  ppr.     .^/o((o— Deo  et  regi  fidelis. 

Atton.  Barry  of  six  az.  and  or,  on  a  canton  gu.  a  cross 
patonce  ar. 

Atton.    Or,  a  bat  volant  gu. 

Atton,  or  Attone(co.  Westmorland).  Gu.  a  cross  sarcelly 
or,  flory  ar. 

Audeley  (borne  by  Sir  James  Addelet.  K.G.,  the  hero  ot 
Poitiers).    Gu.  fretty  or,  a  label  in  chief. 

Aumeral  (Jersey).   Per  fesse  gu.  and  az.  three  crescents  ar- 

Avery  (Congresbury  and  Mells,  co.  Somerset,  and  London ; 
John  Avebt,  of  London,  merchant,  temp.  James  I.,  son 
of  Jacob  Avebt,  of  Mells,  and  grandson  of  William  Avert, 
of  Congresbury.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Quarterly.  1st  and 
4th,  gu.  a  chev.  betw.  three  annulets  or  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  az. 
a  ram's  head  ar.  horned  or. 

Aylward  (Toleb-Atlwabd,  Shankill  Castle,  co.  Kilkenny ; 
exemplified  to  Hectob  James  Charles  Toleb,  Esq.,  of 
Beechwood,  co.  Roscommon,  son  of  Rev.  Petee  Toleb,  by 
Marianne,  his  wife,  dau.  of  Nicholas  Atlwabd,  Esq.,  of 
Shankill  Castle,  co.  Kilkenny,  and  sister  of  James  .-Vtlwabd 
Keabnet,  Esq.,  of  Shankill  Castle,  upon  his  assuming  by  royal 
licence,  dated  30  May,  1884,  the  additional  surname  of  Atl- 
wabd in  compliance  with  the  testamentary  injunction  of 
his  maternal  uncle,  the  said  Ja»es  Atlwabd  Keabnet). 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  az.  a  fleur-de-lis  betw.  in  dexter 
chief  and  sinister  base  an  estoile  and  in  sinister  chief  and 
dexter  base  an  increscent  all  or,  for  Atlwabd  ;  2nd  and  3rd, 
ar.  on  a  cross  gu.  betw.  four  oak  leaves  vert  a  fleur-de-lis 
or,  for  Toleb.  Crests — 1st,  Atlwabd,  out  of  a  ducal  coronet 
or,  a  dexter  arm  embowed  vested  az.  cuffed  ar.  the  hand 
ppr.  holding  an  anchor  gold;  2nd,  Toleb,  out  of  a  mural 
crown  ppr.  a  fleur-de-lis  or,  charged  with  an  ermine  spot  sa. 
.3/o£(»— Verus  et  fidelis  semper. 


BA.BEH  (St.  George's  and  Wanstrow,  co.  Somerset ;  Robebt 
Babeb,  of  St.  George's,  b.  1596,  son  and  heir  of  Bichabd 
Babeb,  of  Wanstrow.  Visit,  Somerset,  1623).  Ar.  on  a  fessa 
gu.  three  eagles'  heads  erased  of  the  field. 

Bacon  (Rev.  Thomas  Bacon,  M.  A.,  Rector  of  Wiggonliolt 
and  Greatimm,  co.  Sussex).  Gu.  a  bordure  arg.  on  a  chief 
of  the  last  a  fret  betw.  two  mullets  of  six  points  sa.  Crest-~ 
A  boar  arg.  resting  the  dexter  forefoot  on  a  fret  sa. 

Bacup  (Borough  co.  Lancaster).  Az.  on  a  fesse  betw.  two 
bales  of  cotton  in  chief  or,  and  a  block  of  stone  with  Lewis 
attached  in  base  ppr.  a  fleece  sable  betw.  two  bees  volant 
of  the  third  in  the  centre  chief  point  a  squirrel  sejant  of 
the  second.  Crest— \n  front  of  a  bale  of  cotton  or,  a  stag 
ppr.  gorged  with  a  collar  vair  resting  the  dexter  forefoot  on 
a  trefoil  slipped  gold.    Motto —  Honor  et  industria. 


BAI 


SUPPLEMENT. 


BAB 


Bai?rle  (Midg«nr,  <--o-  Sutherland;  Bobest  Baiorib,  C.B., 
Lieut.-Col.  Bombay  Staff  Corps).  Gu.  an  anchor  betw.  four 
mullets  saltirewiae  within  a  bordure  embattled  or,  on  a  chief  of 
the  last  an  embattled  gateway  vpr.  Crest — In  front  of  the 
battlements  of  a  tower  thereon  an  armed  leg  couped  above 
the  knee  ppr.  garnished  and  spurred  or,  a  mount  vert. 

Bailey  (Strctford,  co.  Lancaster).  Gu.  on  a  fesse  nebuly 
toetw.  four  martlets  three  in  chief  and  one  in  base  ar.  two 
roses  of  the  first  barbed  and  seeded  ppr.  Crest — In  front  of 
An  anchor  in  bend  sinister  ppr.  a  female  figure  vested  vert 
•upporting  with  the  right  hand  an  escocheon  gu.  charged 
with  a  martlet  ar.  and  resting  with  the  left  on  the  stock  of 
the  anchor.    Motto — Vallum  aeneum  esto. 

Balllie  (CocB%A.vz-Bkii.i.ts, Lord  Lamington).  SeeCocHBANE- 
Baillie. 

Bain  (Lord  Provost  of  Glasgow,  1876).  Az.  a  woirs  head 
erased  or,  on  a  chief  ar.  a  salmon  on  its  back  ppr.  with  a 
signet  ring  in  its  mouth  of  the  second.  Crest — A  dexter  arm 
embowed  gu.  the  hand  grasping  a  dirk  ppr.  Motto — Et 
Wte  et  marte. 

Baker  (Bowden,  co.  Chester,  London,  and  Windsor,  William 
Bakeb,  of  Windsor,  h  1582,  son  of  Thomas  Baker,  citizen 
of  London,  and  grandson  of  John  Bakes,  of  Bowden. 
Arms  and  crest  granted  by  Bysshe,  Garter;  "Visit.  Berks, 
J664-6).  Ar.  on  a  fess  betw.  three  trefoils  az.,  as  many 
•wans'  heads  erased  of  the  field.  Crest — A  swan's  head 
erased  ar.  gorged  gu.  holding  in  the  beak  a  trefoil  as  in  the 
arms. 

Baker  (New  Windsor,  co.  Berks;  descended  from  George 
Baker,  chirurgeon  to  Queen  Elizabeth  ;  Visit.  Berks  1664-6). 
Or,  a  greyhound  courantbetw.  two  bars  sa.  Crest — A  cocka- 
trice eam. 

Baker  (Sir  Geoeoe  Baker,  Bart.,  Loventor,  co.  Devon).  Per 
pale  ar.  and  or,  on  a  saltire  nebuly  sa.  five  escallops  of  the 
first,  a  chief  of  the  third  thereon  a  lion  pass,  of  the  second. 
Crot — A  dexter  arm  embowed  vested  az.  charged  with  three 
annulets  interlaced  or,  cuff  ar.  holding  in  the  hand  an  arrow 
In  bend  sinister  ppr.     Motto — True  unto  death. 

Baker  (Caldham,  co.  Kent,  and  Calais,  French  Flanders; 
JoBy  Baker,  of  Caldham,  was  Gentleman  Porter  of  Calais, 
ttmp.  Henry  V.  and  VI.,  to  which  office  the  family  arms 
appear  to  have  reference).  Ar.  on  a  fess  nebuMe  betw.  three 
keys  sa.  a  tower  triple-towered  of  the  first. 

Baker  (Skcrton  House,  Old  Trafford,co.  Lancaster;  Thomas 
Bakes,  Esq.,  J. P.,  Mayor  of  Manchester  from  Nov.  1880  to 
Not.  1882,  and  Alfred  Bakes,  Esq.,  J. P.,  co.  Warwick). 
Az.  a  lion  ramp.  ar.  gorged  with  a  collar  erniinois  betw.  two 
flaunches  of  the  second  each  charged  with  a  spur  leathered 
of  the  first.  Crest — Two  arms  embowed  in  armour  grasping 
a  tilting  spear  fessewise  the  head  to  the  sinister  ppr.  pendent 
from  the  staff  a  spur  leathered  or.  Motto— Etl  monte 
alto. 

Baker  (Upper  Dunstable  House,  co.  Surrey,  and  Loventor, 
CO.  Devon,  bart.).    See  Rhodes. 

Balche  (Horton,  co.  Somerset;  George  Balche,  Esq.,  of 
Horton,  temp.  James  I.,  6.  1854,  son  of  Nicholas  Balche, 
grandson  of  Geoboe  Balcoe,  and  great-grandson  of  John 
Balche,  all  of  same  place,  which  latter  was  son  and  heir  of 
William  Balche,  of  Uighani,  in  same  co.  Visit.  Somerset, 
1623).  Barry  of  six  or  and  az.  on  a  bend  engr.  gu.  three 
ipearhcade  ar. 

Balche  (Virginia,  Maryland,  and  Philadelphia,  North 
America).  Same  Armt.  Crest— <)\xt  of  a  ducal  coronet  or, 
a  dcmi  griffin  ppr.,  motto  over,  Ubi  libertas  ibi  patria. 
Motto — Not  laws  of  man  but  laws  of  God. 

Balfour-SIelvllle.    See  Mklville. 

Baznford  {Charles  Bamford,  Esq.,  Brookhurst,  Brombo- 
rough).  Ar.  a  feme  engr.  betw.  two  annulets  in  chief  and  as 
many  masclea  in  banc  gu.  Crest — In  front  of  a  dexter  arm 
embowed  holding  a  flagstaff  ppr.  therefrom  flowing  a  banner 
ar.  charged  with  a  mascle  gu.  three  annulets  interlaced  of 
the  last.     j</o»o— Pcrsevcranlia  vincit. 

Bankes  (Collection  of  Molyneux,  Ulster,  1597-1632).  Az.  a 
cross  or,  betw.  four  fleurs-de-lis  ar.  Crest — A  griffln  scgreant 
ar.  resting  the  forepaws  on  a  cross  formee  Utchuc  gu. 

Barbenson 'Alderney ;  Thomas  Nicholas  Barhenson,  Esq.). 
Az.  on  u  chev.  betw.  two  mullets  in  chief  and  a  branch  of 
olive  in  base  or,  three  gouttes  de  larmcs.  Crest — Three 
mullets  or,  in  front  of  a  mount  vert,  thereon  an  olive  tree 
ppr.  and  on  the  dexter  side  thereof,  rarap.  to  the  sinister,  a 
lion  gn.    Mo'.to — Semper  Bilelii. 


Barclay-Allardlce.    See  Allardicb. 

Barclay  (Bev.  Joseph  Bahclat,  LL.D.,  Rector  of  Stapleford, 
Hens,  and  subsequently  Bishop  of  Jerusalem,  only  son  of 
John  Barclay,  Esq.,  of  Monone  Lodge,  near  Strabane,  co. 
Tyrone).  Gu.  on  a  chev.  erm.  betw.  ten  crosses  pattee,  six 
in  chief  and  four  in  base  ar.  an  escallop  of  the  first.  Crest — 
A  mitre  or,  charged  with  an  escallop  gu.  Motto— Dieu  avec 
nous. 

Barker  (Sunning,  co.  Berks ;  William  Barker,  Esq.,  of  Sun- 
ning, J. P. ,6.  1697,  AnthontBarker,  ofsame,  J.P.,  andRev. 
Nicholas  Barker,  Rector  of  Stoke  Talmage,  co.  Oxford  ; 
sons  of  Sir  Anthony  Barker,  Knt.,  of  Sunning.  Visit. 
Berks,  1664-6).  Per  chev.  nebuly  or,  and  sa.  a  lion  ramp, 
counterchanged,  quartering  for  Bcblet  ;  Per  fesse  sa.  and 
ar.  three  tilting  spears  erect  counterchanged.  Crests — 
A  demi  moor  ppr.  in  his  dexter  hand  an  arrow  or,  feathered 
and  headed  ar.  on  his  sinister  arm  a  shield  gold,  and  over 
his  shoulder  a  sash  gu. 

Barker  (Oakingham,  or  Wokingham,  Berks;  John  Barker, 
of  Wtikingham,  tem;).  Queen  Elizabeth.  Visit.Berks,  1664-6). 
Same  Arms  and  Crest. 

Barker  (Sandhurst,  co.  Berks,  descended  from  John  Barker, 
d.  1620,  2nd  son  of  John  Barker,  of  Wokingham).  Same 
Arms  and  Crest. 

Barker  (Chignal,  co.  Essex;  Thomas  Barker,  Esq.,  of 
Chignal,  temp.  Queen  Elizabeth,  grandson  of  William 
Barker,  of  Wokingham,  co.  Berks,  m.  Dorothy,  dau.  of 
John  Knighton,  Esq.  of  Bayford,  co.  Hertford.  Visit.  Essex, 
1612).     Same  Arms,  impaling  Knighton,  and  same  Crest. 

Barker  (Newbury,  co.  Berks,  Great  Horwood,  co.  Bucking- 
ham, Culworth,  CO.  Northampton,  and  Stokesley,  co.  York : 
Rev.  WiLLlA.M  Barker,  D.D.,  Prebendary  of  Canterbury, 
and  Hugh  Barker,  M.D.,  of  Newbury,  sons  of  Robert 
Barker,  of  Great  Horwood,  who  was  nephew  to  Sir  Chris- 
topher Barker,  Garter,(fntp.  HenryVIII.,and  son  of  Robert 
Barker,  of  Culworth,  the  son  of  William  Barker,  of 
Stokesley.  Visit.  Berks,  1664-6).  Ar.  three  bears'  heads 
erased  gu.  muzzled  or,  a  crescent  on  a  mullet,  for  diff. 
Crest — A  bear's  head  erased  gu.  muzzled  or,  betw.  two 
wings  erect,  the  dexter  az.  the  sinister  gold. 

Barretto  (granted  1813  to  Joseph  Barretto,  of  London  and 
Calcutta,  son  of  Joseph  Barretto,  who  .settled  at  Calcutta 
1775,  descended  from  a  member  of  the  family  of  Barretto, 
who  left  Portugal  in  the  16th  century,  and  settled  at  Goa 
and  Bombay).  Erminois  three  bars  gu.  on  a  canton  ar.  the 
bust  of  a  female  habited  ppr.  t'l-fSf — A  demi  tiger  ppr. 
collared  with  three  barrulets  and  holding  betw.  the  paws  a 
star  pagoda  or.  N.B.  The  ancient  Portuguese  coat  belong- 
ing to  Barretto  appears  to  have  been,  "Gu.  a  chev.  betw. 
three  annulets  or."  This  was  borne  by  Luis  de  Sodza 
Barretto,  of  Calcutta,  quartered  with,  "Ar.  alien  ramp, 
within  an  orle  of  eight  fleurs-de-lis  az.  for  de  Soi'za.  His 
dau.  and  co-heir  Rozalin,  hi.  Joseph  Barretto,  the  grantee 
of  1813. 

Barnard  (John  Barnard,  Esq.,  Lambeth,  co.  Surrey).  Per 
chev.  gu.  and  ar.  in  chief  two  lions  ramp,  of  the  last  and  in 
base  a  bear  ramp.  sa.  muzzled  or.  Crest — A  lion  ar. 
billctty  sable  supporting  with  the  dexter  paw  a  shield  gu. 
charged  with  a  garb  or.     Motto — Mea  gloria  fides. 

Barnard.    Az.  a  fesse  or,  a  border  engr.  of  the  last. 

Barnard  (Downside,  co.  Somerset;  Nathaniel  Barnard, 
of  Downside,  temp.  James  1.,  son  of  John  Barnard,  grand- 
son of  John  Barnard,  and  great-grandson  of  Edward 
Barnard,  all  of  same  place.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Ar.  a 
bear  salient  sa.  muzzled  of  the  field. 

Baron  (Heywood,  co.  Lancaster).  Or,  on  a  cross  engr.  gu. 
betw.  four  escocheons  of  the  last  five  mullets  pierced  of  the 
first,  (-'retl — A  cubit  arm  in  armour,  the  hand  in  a  gauntlet 
grasping  a  tilting  spear  erect  ppr.  suspended  therefrom  by 
a  chain  or,  an  escocheon  gu.  charged  with  a  mullet,  as  in 
the  arms. 

Barrett  (Barrett's  Country,  co.  Cork.  Collection  of  Moly- 
neux, Ul.iter,  1597-1612).  Barry  of  ten  per  pale  ar.  and  gu. 
counterchanged.  Crest— A.  demi  lion  ramp.  sa.  ducally 
crowned  per  pule  ar.  and  gu. 

Barrow-in-Furness  niorough  of;  co.  Lancaster).  Gu.  op 
a  bend  betw.  a  serpent  nowcd  in  chief  and  a  stagtrippant  in 
base  or,  an  arrow  pointing  upwards  to  a  bee  volunt  ppr.  upon 
a  chief  ar.  on  waves  of  the  sea,  a  paddle-wheel  sicamiihip 
under  steam  and  canvas  also  ppr.     Crest — Out  of  the  hnttU- 


BAB 


SUPPLEMENT. 


BAZ 


ments  of  a  tower  a.  ram's  head  ppr.  armed  and  collared. 
Motto — Semper  surBum. 
Barrow  (Georoe  Maktin  Basbow,  of  St.  John's  Green, 
Essex).  Sa.  two  swords  in  saltire  ppr.  pomels  and  hilts  or, 
tlie  blades  entwined  by  a  wreath  of  laurel  also  or,  betw.  two 
roses  in  pale  ar.  barbed,  leaved,  and  slipped  of  the  second, 
and  as  many  fleur-de-lis  in  tesse  of  the  third.  Crest — Dpon 
a  mount  vert  a  squirrel  sejant  ppr.  gorged  with  a  collar 
gemel  or,  holding  a  rose,  as  in  the  arms. 

Barrs  (Haden  Hill,  Dudley,  co.  Stafford  ;  Alfred  Haden 
Babbs,  Esq.,  6.  Ia04,  son  of  Uev.  George  Barrs,  of  Eowley 
Regis,  same  co.,  by  Mary,  his  wife,  dau.  of  John  Kenrick, 
Esq.,  and  widow  of  John  Ha<ien,  Esq.,  of  Haden  Hill,  s.  to 
Haden  Hill,  1876,  upon  the  death  of  Anne  Eliza  Haden,  only 
dau.  of  John  Haden).  Gu.  two  bars  engr.  vair  betw.  five 
annulets,  three  in  chief  and  two  in  base  or.  Crest — Upon  a 
mount  vert  in  front  of  a  gate  or,  the  trunk  of  an  oak  tree 
eradicated  and  sprouting  towards  the  dexter  ppr. 

Barry  (Otteb-Bahrt,  Emperor's  Gate,  London).  Quarterly, 
1st  and  4th,  gu.  three  bars  embattled  ar.,  for  Babri  ;  2nd 
and  3rd,  or,  on  a  bend  gu.  guttce  d'or,  betw.  two  crosses 
patt^e  of  the  second,  three  crescents  of  the  first,  for  Otter. 
Crents — 1st,  Barri  ;  The  embattlements  of  a  tower  gu. 
charged  with  three  roses  in  fesse  ar. ;  2nd,  Otter;  Two 
crosses  pattee,  resting  thereon  a  crescent,  all  or.  Motto — 
A  rege  et  a  victoria. 

Bartlett  (Ashmead-Bartlett.  Ellis  Bartlbtt,  Esq.,  of 
Plymouth,  m.  Sophia,  daU.  of  John  King  Ashmead,  Esq., 
and  had,  Ellis  Ashmead-Bartlett,  M.P.  for  Eye,  and 
William  Lehman  Ashmead  Bartlett  Bcrdett  Coutts,  hi. 
12  Fib.  1881,  Angela  Geoboina  Baroness  Bcrdett-Coctts). 
Per  fesse  dancett^,  sa.  and  az.,  in  chief,  three  sinister 
gauntlets,  pendent,  ar.,  tasselled  or,  fessewise,  and  in  base 
four  crescents  in  cross  of  the  last.  Crest— In  front  of  a 
tower  ppr.  a  demi  swan,  wings  elevated,  ar.  collared  sa. 
Motto — Mature. 

Bartlett  -  Burdett  -  Coutts  (exemplified  to  William 
Leh.man  Ashmead  Bartlett  Bcrdett  Coutts,  Esq.,  of 
Piccadilly,  M.A.  Oxford).  Quarterly,  first  and  4th,  Codtts; 
arg.  a  stag's  head  erased  gu.  betw.  the  attires  a  pheon  az.  the 
whole  within  a  bordure  embattled  of  the  last  charged  with 
four  buckles  or,  for  distinction  in  the  dexter  chief  point  a 
cross  crosslet  also  gu.  ;  2nd,  Burdett,  az.  two  bars  or,  each 
charged  with  three  martlets  gu.  for  distinction  in  the  centre 
chief  point  a  cross  crosslet  gold  ;  3rd,  Bartlett,  as  above. 
Crtsti — CocTTS,  a  man  from  the  middle  shooting  an  arrow 
from  a  bow  all  ppr.  charged  for  distinctiim  with  a  cross 
crosslet  or.  On  the  dexter  side  the  crest  of  Burdett,  a  lion's 
head  erased  sa.  charged  for  distinction  with  a  cross  crosslet 
or,  and  on  the  sinister  side,  the  crest  of  Bartlett,  as  above. 

Bartlett  (John  Adams  Bartlett,  Esq.,  Pembroke  Place, 
Liverpool).  Quarterly,  ar.  and  gu.,  five  lozenges  conjoined 
in  fesse,  betw.  four  crescents  all  counterchanged.  Crest — 
On  a  mount  vert,  a  moor  cock,  sa.  couched  and  wattled  gu., 
in  the  beak  an  ear  of  wheat,  leaved  and  slipped  ppr.  resting 
the  dexter  claw  on  a  crescent  also  gu.  Motto — Deo  favente 
cresco. 

Barry  (Dublin,  Collection  of  Molyneux,  Ulster,  1597-1632). 
Barry  of  six,  ar.  and  gu.     Crest — A  wolf's  head  couped  sa. 

Barton  (quartered  by  Mitford,  through  Ashton).  Erm.  on 
a  fesse  engr.  gu  three  annulets  or. 

Basevi  (Hove,  co.  Sussex ;  Mabia,  dau.  of  Geobge  Basevi, 
Esq.,  of  Brighton,  of  a  Venetian  family,  m.  Isaac  Disraeli, 
Esq.  of  Bradenham  Manor,  co.  Bucks,  and  was  mother  of 
Benjamin,  Earl  of  Be<icon>fidiJ).  Per  pale  ar.  and  az.  on 
the  dexter  side  a  lion  ramp.  ppr.  on  the  sinister  side  an 
eagle  displ.  of  the  first,  the  two  conjoined  in  pale,  in  chief  two 
crescents  counterchanged.  Crest — A  buck's  head  erased  ppr. 

Basford  (Grange,  co.  Derby).  Az.  three  eagles  displ.  betw. 
two  bendlets  ar. 

Baskervill  (Sunningwell,  co.  Berks,  Hannibal  Bakebyill, 

Esq.,  of  Sunningwell,  6.  1.!p96,  m.  Mary,  dau.  and  heir  of 
Captain  Nicholas  Baskervill,  sen  of  Henry  Baskervill,  of  the 
city  of  Hereford.  Visit.  Berks  1664-6).  Ar.  a  chev.  gu.  betw. 
three   hurts,  quartering  Uees,  Butleb,   Le  Gaos,  Bruges, 

PlCHERD,  BoDENHAM,  BreNTON. 

Bass  (Rangemore  Hall,  co.  Stafford,  Bart.,  created  17  May, 
1883.  Sir  Michael  Arthur  Bass,  Bart,  is  eldest  son  of  the  late 
Michael  Thomas  Bass,  Esq.,  of  Rangemore,  M.P.  for  Derby, 
the  son  of  Michael  Thomas  Bass,  of  Burton-on-Trent,  whose 
father,  William  Bass,  6.  in  1717,  founded  the  family  and 
bought,  in  1777,  the  house  and  land  in  Burtoo-on-Trent  which 


■till,  unaltered,  forms  part  of  the  great  Brewary  there  :  he 
d.  and    was  buried  at  Burton  in  1787).    Gu.  on  a  chev. 
cottised  arg.  between  three  plates,  each  charged  with  a 
fleur-de-lis   az.,    a    demi   lion  ramp,    couped  of  the  first. 
Crest — A  demi  lion   gu.  resting  the  dexter  paw  on  a  plate 
charged,  as  in  the  arms,  on  the  shoulder  three  annulets, 
two  and  one,  arg.     Motto — Basis  virtutum  constantia. 
Basset  (Umberleigh  and  Watermouth   Castle,   Devon,  th« 
senior  line,  through  heiresses  of  the  great  Norman  family 
of   Basset,    of   Tehidy ;    Charles    Henrt  Basset,    Esq., 
formerly  Williams,  of  Pilton   House,    Barnstable,   Devon, 
fourth  son  of  Sir  William  Williams,  Bart.,  of  TreguUow, 
TO.  1858,  Habbiet-Maet,   dau.  of  Abtbub  Davie  Basset, 
Esq.,  of  Umberleigh,  and  assumed  by  royal  licence  II  Oct. 
1880,  the  surname  and  arms  of  Basset).     Barry  wavy  of  sis 
or  and  gu.  and  for  distinction  in  the  centre  chief  point  a 
cross  crosslet  of  the  first.     Crest — A  unicorn  s  head  couped 
ar.  mane,  beard,  and  horn  or,  on  the  neck  two  bars  indented 
gu.  and  charged  for  distinction  with  a  cross  crosslet  also  gu. 
Motto — Pro  Rege  et  populo. 
Bateman  (La  Tbobe  Bateman.  John  Fbedekick  La  Tbobb 
Bateman,    Esq.,  F.R.S.,  Moor   t'ark,   co.  Surrey,  took  by 
royal  licence,  1883,  the  prefix  surname  and  arms  of  La  Tbobb. 
Mr.  La  Tbobe-Bateman   is  eldest  son   of  John   Bateman. 
Esq.,  of  Wyke,   and  afterwards  of  Ockbrook,  co.  Derby,  by 
Mary-Agnes,  his  wife,  dau.  of  Rev.  Benjamin   La  Tbobe). 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4lh,  az.  on   a   fesse  with  cottises  engr. 
betw.  three  escallops  or,  as  mnny  crescents  each  surmounted 
by  a  mullet  gu.,  for  Bateman;   'Jnd  and  3rd  ar.  on  a  fesse 
az.    a  fleur-de-lis   betw.  two  escallops  or,   for  La  Tbobe. 
Crests — Ist,  Bateman  :  In  front  of  an  eagle's  head  or,  a 
crescent  surmounted  by  a  mullet  gu.  betw.  two  wings,  also 
or,  each  charged  with  an  escallop  az. ;  2nd,  La  Tbobe  ;  Out 
of  clouds  a  dexter  cubit  arm  ppr.  the  hand  grasping  an 
anchor  fesseways  or.     Motto  (over)— Tutto  si  fa.     Motto— 
Sidus  adsit  amicum.    The  family  of  La  Tbobe  is  of  the   old 
French  noblesse,  originally  from  Languedoc,  and  settled  at 
Villemur,  near  Montaubtn.     At  the  revocation  of  the  Edict 
of  Nantes,   in   1685,   the  La  Tbobes  fled  to  Holland,  and 
thence  to  Ireland. 
Bates  (Aydon,  Northumberland,   descended  from  Georor 
Bates,   of  Horsley,   in   the   parish   of   Ovingham,   son    of 
George  Bates,  mentioned  in  the  will  of  his  uncle,  Geobob 
Bates,    vicar    of    Kelloe,    co.    Durham,   and   grandson  of 
Gawen  Bates,   of  Horsley,   whose  name   appears  on  the 
Muster  Roll  29  of  Henry  VIII.     The  present  representative 
is  Cadwalladeb  John  Bates,  Esq.,  of  Aydon  and  Langley 
Castle,  Northumberland).    Sa.  a  fess  engr.  or,  betw.  three 
dexter  hands  couped  at  the  wrist  bendwise  ar.  ;  quartering, 
MooBE,  of  the  Moore,  Shropshire,  viz.,  per  pale  az.  and  ar. 
barry    of    twelve    counterchanged ;     Blaynet,    gf   Castle 
Blayney,  and  Blatnet,   of   Gregynog.      Motto — A  calow 
blaenawr  os  na  &  llaed. 

Bates  (Manydown,  co.  Southampton,  and  Gym  Castle,  co. 
Flint,  bart.  Created  13  May,  1880).  Ar.  on  a  fesse  betw. 
in  chief  two  quatrefoils,  and  in  base  a  fleur-de-lis  az.,  a 
quatrefoil  betw.  two  fleur-de-lis  of  the  field.  Crest — A  stag's 
head  erased  az.  attired  or,  charged  on  the  neck  with  two 
quatrefoils  in  pale,  and  pierced  by  as  many  arrows  in  saltire, 
all  gold.     Motto — Lahore  et  virtute. 

Bath  (AUtyferin,  co.  Carmarthen.  Granted  to  Henbt  James 
Bath,  Esq.,  of  AUtyferin,  J. P.  cos.  Glamorgan  and  Carmar- 
then, and  high  sheriff  of  the  latter  1869,  and  to  the  other 
descendants  of  his  father,  Hbnrt  Bath,  of  Swansea).  Gu. 
a  chev.  paly  of  six,  arg.  and  or  betw.  three  plates,  on  a  chief 
of  the  third  as  many  wolves'  heads  erased  sa.  Crest — A  wolfs 
head  erased  sa.  gorged  with  a  collar  vair,  and  holding  in  the 
mouth  a  rose,  slipped  and  leaved  ppr. 

Battersby  (Stannanaughts,  co.  Lancaster,  Cleveland,  co. 
Somerset,  and  72,  Onslow  Gardens,  London.  Wobslkt 
Battebsbt,  Esq.,  son  of  Charles  Battersby,  Esq.,  of 
Hindley,  co.  Lancaster,  by  Annie,  his  wife.  dau.  and  co-heir 
of  Rev.  Thomas  Hates,  M.A.,  vicar  of  Westhoughton,  co. 
I.ancaster).  Ar.  a  lozenge  sa.  on  a  chief  wavy  az.  a  paddle- 
wheel  steamship  with  sails  or.  Crest — A  ram  ar.  armed  or, 
charged  on  the  body  with  two  trefoils  slipped  vert  and 
resting  the  dexter  foreleg  on  a  lozenge  sa.  Motto — Lahore 
vinces.     Impaled  with  the  arms  of  Mat  (.5ce  Mat). 

Baxter  (Henbt  Baxter,  Esq.  of  the  Tower,  Rainhill,  J. P.  co, 
Lancaster).  Per  fesse  gu.  and  sa.  in  chief  two  garbs, 
and  in  base  a  dolphin  naiant  or.  Crest — A  demi  eagle  displ. 
sa.  gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  charged  on  the  breast,  and 
each  wing  with  an  annulet  holding  in  the  beak  as  many  Mrs 
of  wheat  leaved  and  slipped,  all  or. 


BAX 


SUPPLEMENT. 


BES 


B&zter  <BicHiBD  Baztbb,  Esq.,  of  Leinster  Gardens,  co. 
Middlesex,  and  of  Lincoln's  Inn).  Az.  a  dolphin  embowed 
ppr.  a  chief  engr.  ar.  issuant  therefrom  a  demi  eagle  displ. 
gu.  in  the  beak  an  arrow  palewise  point  downwards  of  the 
second.  Crest — A  bat,  wines  expanded  sa.  each  wing  charged 
with  an  annulet  or,  and  in  the  mouth  an  arrow  fessewise 
ppr.     Motto — Deeds  not  words. 

Bazal^ette  (Sir  Joseph  William  Bazalcette,  C.B., 
designer  of  the  Thames  Embankment).  Ar.  on  a  fesse  gu.  three 
crescents  of  the  first,  a  chief  az.  thereon  two  crosses  flory 
or.  Crest-  A  lion  rampant  ar.  gorged  with  a  collar  az. 
charged  with  two  crosses  flory  as  in  the  arms,  holding  in 
the  dexter  forepaw  a  sword  erect  ppr.,  pomel  and  hilt  gold, 
and  the  dexter  hind-paw  resting  on  a  crescent  or. 

Beaznes.  Per  pale  gu.  and  az.  six  garbs,  three,  two,  and  one 
or,  on  a  chief  ar.  three  mullets  sa.  Ci-egt — Betw.  six  sun- 
rays  a  garb  ppr.  charged  with  three  mullets,  two  and  one 
ar.    Motto — Bene  vivere  bis  vivere. 

Beck  (Woodside,  co.  Surrey).  Vert  a  cross  ragulee  humettee 
or,  on  a  chief  of  the  last  three  blackbirds  ppr.  Crest — A 
8ta£F  ragulee  fessewise  or,  thereon  a  blackbird  holding  in  the 
beak  a  sprig  of  holly  ppr.     Motto — Cruce  insignis. 

Bedford  (John  Bedfobd,  Esq.,  of  Oughtibridge,  and  Birley 
House,  West  Riding,  co.  York,  only  son  of  John  Bedford, 
of  Ponds,  and  of  Ouglitibridge,  by  Anne,  his  wife,  elder 
dau.  and  eventual  sole  heir  of  George  Gbatson,  of  Ros- 
sington,  in  the  West  Riding,  and  of  Oughtibridge,  by 
Mart,  his  wife,  elder  dau.  and  co-heir  of  Joseph  Hall,  of 
Oughtibridge).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  per  chev.  ar.  and 
sa.  four  bears'  paws  erased,  three  in  chief  and  one  in  base, 
within  a  bordure  engr.  all  counterchanged,  for  Bedford  ; 
2nd,  per  saltire  chequy  or,  and  az.  and  ar.  on  a  saltire  gu. 
betw.  two  battle-axes  erect  in  fesse  ppr.  a  cross  patt<5e  of  the 
first,  for  Graison;  3rd,  or,  three  demi-lions  couped  gu.  on 
a  chief  of  the  last  a  rose  betw.  two  chaplets  of  the  first,  for 
Hall.  Crest — In  front  of  a  bear's  paw  erased  sa.  holding 
a  terrestrial  globe  ppr.  an  annulet  ar.  Motto — Gare  le  pied 
fori. 

Bed'well  (Camden's  Grants).  Per  saltire  erm.  and  lozengy 
or  and  gu. 

Beerg'  (Dublin;  Collection  of  Molyneux,  Ulster,  1597-1632). 
Per  pale  or  and  ar.  a  cross  foniiee  betw.  four  crescents  gu. 
Crest — A  naked  arm  embowed  ppr.  holding  in  the  hand  a 
long  cross  gu. 

Behrens  (Sir  Jacob  Behrens,  of  Springfield  House,  Brad- 
ford, CO.  York).  Per  pale  gu.  and  sa.  a  bear  ramp.  ar. 
muzzled  of  the  second,  on  a  chief  of  the  third  a  bee  volant 
ppr.  betw.  two  mullets  of  six  points  of  the  first.  Crest — 
A  demi  bear  ar.  muzzled  sa.  holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a 
mullet  of  six  points  a.s  in  the  arms,  and  resting  the  sinister 
paw  on  an  escocheon  gu.  charged  with  a  bee  volant  ppr. 
Motto— Esse  quam  videri. 

Belcher  (Roehampton,  co.  Surrey).  Same  Ai-m»  and  Cre.st 
as  Belcher,  of  Gilsborough  [ir/iicA  see^.  Motto — Loyal  au 
mort. 

Beley  (Charles  Allen  Evans  Belet,  Esq.,  of  St.  John's 
Hill,  CO.  Surrey).  Or,  a  chev.  betw.  two  gryphons'  heads 
erased  in  chief  and  a  cross  patt^  litch&  in  baseaz.  Crext — 
A  gryphon  sejant  or,  winged  vair,  resting  the  dexter  claw 
upon  a  plate.     Motlo — Auspice  Deo  vinces. 

Belfast,  Town  of  (<o.  Antrim).  Per  fess  ar.  and  az,  in 
chief,  a  pile  vair,  in  base  a  ship,  with  sails  .ict,  of  the  field 
on  a  canton  of  the  second,  a  tower  of  the  first.  Crttt — A 
sea-horse  ppr.  Supporters. — l>exter  a  wolf,  sinister  a  sea- 
horse, both  [ipr. 

Bell  H'hirsk  Hall,  co.  York;  exemplified  to Recinald Smith, 
Esq.,  Lieut.  North  York  Militia  Rifles,  son  of  Rev.  Hknhy 
Smith,  M.A.,  by  Frances,  his  wife,  dau.  of  Rev.  William 
Macbkan  and  Kranckb,  his  wife,  dau.  of  John  Bkll,  Ks(i., 
of  Think,  anil  sister  and  heir  of  John  Bell,  Ks(|.,  of  siaiiie 
place,  upon  his  assuming  by  royal  licence,  1877,  thcsumatue 
and  arum  of  Bell  only).    Sec  Bell,  page  67. 

Bellaais  (co.  York).  See  Bellasyse,  or  Bblastsb,  co. 
Durliain. 

Bellasis  'co.  York).  Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  fleurs-de-lis 
gu.     Crift—A  lion  couchanl  guard  az. 

Belturbet,  Borough  of  (lo.  Cavun.  Granted  by  Moly- 
neux, UUlcr,  21  June,  1UI3,  ai  the  lequest  of  Stephen 
Butler,  Kw|.,  first  I'rovont  of  the  Itornugh  and  the  free  Bur- 
geitet  of  the  same;.    Or,  a  lower  with  dome  and  pennon  gu. 


in  base  waves  of  the  sea  ppr. ;  on  a  chief  az.  a  harp  of  the 

field  betw.,  on  the  dexter  side  a  rose,  and  on  the  sinister  a 
thistle  both  ar. 

Bennett  (Sparkford  House,  co.  Somerset ;  Rev.  Henrt 
Bennett,  of  Sparkford,  m.  Euiily,  dau.  of  Edward  Moberlet, 
Esq.,  St.  Petersburg,  and  d.  1»74,  leaving  a  son,  Henri 
Edward  Bennett,  Esq.,  of  Sparkford,  J. P.,  Capt.  1st  Somer- 
set Militia,  hi.  1»57,  Loi'ISA  Bibchall,  dau.  and  co-heir  of 
Sir  James  B.  Macaulat,  C.B.,  Cliief  Justice  of  Toronto,  and 
has  Harry  Macaclay  Bennett,  6.  18G3,  and  other  issue). 
Gu.  a  bezant  betw.  three  demi-lions  ramp.  ar.  a  crescent  lor 
difference. 

Bennett  (Sir  Robert  Bennett,  Knt.,  Surveyor  of  the 
Works  of  Windsor  Castle,  knighted  1619 ;  grandson  and 
heir  of  Right  Rev.  Robert  Bennett,  D.D.,  Bishop  of  Here- 
ford, 1603.  Visit.  Berks  1664-6).  Ar.  on  a  cross  betw.  four 
demi-lions  ramp.  gu.  a  bezant.  Crest — A  demi-Uon  ramp, 
gu.  holding  a  bezant. 

Benson  (Robbon  Benson,  Esq.,  of  Perrymead  Court,  Somer- 
set). Sa.  on  a  chev.  invecteil  plain  cotised  or,  three  pallets 
of  the  first,  each  charged  with  a  cross  pat^  of  the  last. 
Crest — In  front  of  a  bear's  head,  couped  sa.  gorged  with 
a  collar  and  muzzled  or,  two  crosses  pat6e  also  or. 

Benson  (Salisbury,  co.  Wilts),  Ar.  three  trefoils  sa.  betw. 
two  bendlets  gu. 

Benson  (Baron  Bitujley,  vitlinct  1730;  Robert  Benson,  Esq., 
M.P.  for  the  city  of  York,  was  so  created  1713,  d.  s.  p.  m.  ; 
his  only  dau.,  Hon.  Harriet  Benson,  7/1.  George  Lane  Eox, 
Esq.,  M.P.  for  the  city  of  York,  in  whose  favour  the  barony 
was  revived  in  1772;.  Same  Arms.  Crest — A  bear's  head 
erased  ar.  muzzled  gu.     Supporters — Two  bears  ar. 

Benson  (as  borne  on  the  Archie-episcopal  Seal  of  the  Most 
Rev.  Edward  White  Benson,  D.D.,  Archbishop  of  Canter- 
bury and  Lord  Primate  of  All  England,  1S83).  Arg.  three 
trefoils  slipped  sa.  betw.  two  bendlets  gu. 

Bentley  (,Ely  Place,  London  ;  Edward  Bentley,  Esq.)  Or, 
a  bend  vair  betw.  two  bendlets  engr.  sa.  Ci-est — A  talbot 
passant  ar.  the  dexter  forefoot  resting  on  an  ancient  shield, 
vair,  charged  with  an  annulet  or. 

Berkeley  (Bruton,  Yarlington,  and  Pull,  co.  Somerset;  Sir 
Maurice  Berkley,  Knt.  of  Bruton,  Sir  Henry  Berkeley, 
Knt.,  of  Yarlington,  and  Edward  Berkeley,  Esq.,  of  Pull, 
teiup.  James  1.,  sons  of  Sir  Henry  Berkeley,  Knt.,  of 
Bruton,  and  grandsons  of  Sir  Maurice  Berkeley,  Standard 
Bearer  to  Henry  Vlll.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Quarterly, 
1st,  gu.  a  chev.  erm.  betw.  ten  crosses  pat^e,  six  in  chief 
and  four  in  base  ar. ;  2nd,  or,  a  saltire  sa ;  3rd,  or,  two 
lions  pass.  az.  ;  4th,  gu.  ten  bezants,  four,  three,  two,  and 
one,  a  label  of  three  points  az. 

Berkeley  (Ireland;  Maurice  Berkeley,  living  there  temjt. 
James  1.,  son  of  Sir  Krancis  Berkeley,  who  was  second 
son  of  Sir  Maurice  Berkeley,  Standard  Bearer  to  Henry 
Vlll.     Visit.  Somerset,  16^3).     Same  Anns. 

Berringi:on  (Pant-y-Goitre,  co.  Monmouth,  and  Cefngole, 
CO.  Glamorgan  ;  Jenkin  Davies  Bebbinoton,  Esq.,  of  Wood- 
laud  Castle,  in  the  latter  co.  ;«.  Charlotte  Hall,  sister  of 
Benjamin,  Lord  Llanover,  and  d.  1871,  leaving  a  son, 
Arthur  Venokjaid  Davies  Berrincton,  6.  1S33,  J. P.,  D.L., 
M.  1st,  IW):),  Frances  Lennox  Henaije,  dau.  of  Rev.  Charles 
Lane,  liector  of  Wrolhani,  co.  Kent,  and  2ndly,  ls6l,  Ada 
Barbara,  dau.  of  John  Lane,  Esq.,  of  Leyton  Grange,  co. 
Essex).  Quarterly,  1st,  counter-quartered  1st  and  4th,  sa. 
three  greyhounds  courant  ar.,  for  Berrincton,  2nd  and  3rd, 
az.  a  wolf  salient  ar.  for  Davies;  2nd,  ar.  a  lion  ramp.  sa. 
ducally  gorged  and  lined  or,  for  Lewis;  3id,  az.  a  chev.  betw. 
three  eagles'  heads  erased  or,  for  Aubrey;  4th,  sa.  a  chev. 
betw.  three  spear  heads  ar.  imbrued  ppr.  for  Bi.£DDYN  ap 
Maenarch.  Crests — 1st,  Berrincton  :  An  estoile  gu.;  2nd, 
Daviks:  A  wolf  salient  ar.     Jl/o(fo— Solem  fero. 

Berryman  (CO.  Devon).  The  3/o< (oof  this  family  is — Via 
trita  I'Sl  via  tuta. 

Bessemer  (Sir  Henry  Bessemer,  Knt.,  of  Denmark  Hill, 
CO.  Surrey,  Knight  Coiuniander  of  the  Austrian  Order  of 
St.  Erancis  Joseph,  Knight  Grand  Cross  of  the  Legion  of 
Honour  of  France,  son  of  Anthony  Bessemer,  Esq.,  of 
Charleton,  co.  Hertford).  Az.  on  a  chev.  embattled,  counter- 
embattled,  betw.  three  flcurs-de-lij  or,  a  crescent  betw.  two 
estoiles  of  the  first.  6')t'.»( — A  demi  gryphon  az.  charged 
with  three  tteurs-de-lis  chevronwise  or,  supporting  a  torch 
cieci  fired  ppr.     Mollo—Onwixri  ever. 

Best  (IIadkn-Hf.pt,  lladen  Hill,  Rowley  Regis,  co.  Stafford : 
exiinplilied  ix)  (iEoRi.K  .^i,FRi.D  IIaden  Best,  Esq.,  upon 
hit!  aKSUiiiirg.  by  royal   licence,  the  additional  surname  of 


BET 


SUPPLEMENT. 


BLA 


Hadem).  Quarterly,  Ist  and  4th  or,  on  a  chev.  betw.  two 
martlets  in  chief,  and  a  pheon  in  base  gu.  three  boars'  heads 
couped  of  the  first,  for  Bbst;  2n(l  and  3rd,  sa.  on  a  pile 
betw.  two  mullets  of  six  points  in  base  are,  a  human  leg 
couped  at  the  thigh  az.,  for  Haden.  CretU — 1st,  Best:  In 
front  of  a  rock  ppr.  thereon  a  pheon  az.  a  boar's  head 
couped  or;  2nd  Haden  :  In  front  of  a  cubit  arm  in  armour, 
the  hand  grasping  an  arrow  in  bend  sinister,  a  morion,  all 
ppr. 

Bethune  (Patton-Bkthune;  Walter  Docolas  Phillipps 
Patton-Bethdne,  of  Clayton  Priory,  Sussex,  Esq.,  General 
in  Her  Majesty's  Army  and  Colonel  in  the  2nd  battalion 
Highland  Light  Infantry,  Knight  of  the  Fifth  Class  of  the 
Imperial  Turkish  Order  of  the  Bledjedie,  is  eldest  son  of 
Thomas  Paiton,  late  of  Bishop's  Hull,  Somerset,  Esq., 
Commander  in  the  Royal  Navy,  and  grandson  of  James 
Patton,  late  of  Clatto,  co.  Fife,  Esq.,  a  Major  in  the 
93rd  regiment  of  Highlanders,  who  was  the  eldest  son  of 
Henry  Patton,  late  of  Clatto  aforesaid,  and  Colonel  in  the 
army,  who  intermarried  with  Mary,  elder  dau.  and  co-heir 
of  Henry  Bethune,  of  Clatto,  Esq.  He  obtained  a  Royal 
Licence  for  him  and  his  issue  to  take  and  use  the 
surname  of  Bethune,  in  addition  to  and  after  that  of 
Patton,  and  bear  the  arms  of  Bethdne  quarterly  with  those 
of  Patton).  Quarterly,  i.  and  iv.,  Bethune,  viz.,  quarterly. 
1st  and  4th,  az.  a  fesse  chequey  or,  and  gu.  betw.  three 
lozenges  of  the  second  ;  2ud  and  3rd,  arg.  on  a  chev.  sa.  an 
otter's  head  erased  of  the  first,  ii.  and  m.,  "  Patton,"  az. 
guttse  d'eau  a  sword  erect  ppr.  pomel  and  hilt  or,  betw.  four 
crescents  saltirewise  arg.  Crestt— lit,  Bethone  :  A  demi 
otter  issuant  arg.  ;  2nd,  Patton  :  Upon  two  swords  saltire- 
wise ppr.  pomels  and  hilts  or,  a  falcon  rising  arg.  gutte  de 
larmes.  Mottoes  (under  the  ar/iu)— Virtute  adepta;  (above 
the  Bethune  crest) — Debonnaire. 

Sevan  (Stone  Park,  Kent;  Thomas  Bevan,  Esq.,  J. P.  and 
D.L.,  High  Sheriff  of  the  City  of  London  and  of  Middlesex, 
1879,  son  of  Thomas  Bbvan,  deceased,  of  Finsbury  Circus, 
St.  Giles,  Cripplegate,  M.D.,  M.K.C.P.L.,  and  M.R.C.S.E.). 
Az.  on  a  rock  in  base,  a  dove  ppr.  holding  in  the  beak  a 
branch  of  oliveor,  on  a  chief  nebule  erm.  a  hurt  betw.  two 
annulets  of  the  first.  Crest — Upon  the  battlements  of  a 
tower  ppr.  a  gryphon  or,  gorged  with  a  collar  geniel  az. 
resting  the  dexter  claw  on  an  escotcheon  ar.  charged  with 
a  hurt. 

Beynon  (CROwTHEa-BETSoN,  of  Slines  Oaks.  co.  Surrey. 
Exemplified  to  Rev.  Samuel  Bbtan  Cbowthee,  M. A.,  Vicar  of 
Lodsworth,  co.  Sussex,  upon  his  assuming,  by  royal  licence, 
1879,  the  additional  surname  of  Betnon.  Mr.  Cbowther- 
Betnon  is  great-grandson  of  Richabd  Cbowtheb,  Esq.,  and 
his  wife,  a  dau.  of  Samuel  Richardson,  the  author  of 
"Pamela."  Per  pale  wavy  az.  and  gu.  on  a  bend  cotised  or, 
three  cross  crosslets  vert  (for  distinction  a  rose,  gold).  Crest 
— A  lion  ramp.  ar.  sem^e  of  cross  crosslets  vert,  holding  betw. 
the  forepaws  an  escocheon,  also  ar.  thereon  a  greyhound's 
head  erased  pean  (charged  on  the  shoulder,  for  distinction, 
with  a  rose  gu.).     Motto  of  Cbowther,  Integer  vitae. 

Blg'g'S  (Yeatman-Biggs,  Stockton  House,  co.  Wilts,  exempli- 
fied to  Captain  Abtuub  Godolphin  Yeatman,  of  the  Royal 
Artillery,  upon  his  assuming,  by  royal  licence,  1878,  the 
additional  surname  and  arms  of  Biogs).  Quarterly,  1st 
and  4th,  Bigos  :  Per  pale  erm.  and  az.  a  lion  pass,  within  a 
bordure  engr.  gu.  the  latter  charged  with  a  fleur-de  lis  or; 
2nd  and  3rd,  Yeatman,  see  Yeatman,  of  Stock  House. 
Crest — 1st,  Biggs  :  In  front  of  a  javelin  erect  ppr.  a  leopard's 
head  affronte  erased  az.,  charged  with  two  tleurs-de-lys 
fesswise  or ;  2nd,  Yeatman. 

Billing'Sley  (Lysam,  co. Gloucester;  Sir  Henbt  Billingslet, 
Knt.  of  Lysam,  knighted  1603,  eldest  son  of  Sir  Henby 
BiLLiNQSLBT,  Lord  Mayor  of  London,  1596.  Visit.  Somerset, 
16'23).  Quarterly,  Ist,  gu.  a  fleur-de-lis  or,  a  canton  ar.; 
2nd,  ar.  on  a  cross  resarceled  of  another  betw.  four  lions 
ramp.  sa.  five  estoiles  of  the  field ;  3rd,  per  saltire  or  an*'  az. 
a  martlet  in  chief  and  another  in  base,  and  two  cinquefoils 
in  fesse  all  counierchanged  ;  4th,  az.  two  lions  pass,  guard. 
In  pale  or;  5th,  ar.  a  fesse  sa.  in  chief  two  mullets  of  the 
last :  6th,  ar.  two  bars  and  a  canton  gu.  a  bend  sa. 

Billingrsley  (Gray's  Inn,  London;  Henrt  Billingslet, 
temp.  James  I.,  son  of  William  Billingslet,  who  was 
second  son  of  Sir  Hembt  Billingslet,  Lord  Mayor  of 
London,  1596).    Sa.me  Arms. 

Binerley  (Whitley  Hall,  Ecclesfleld,  West  Riding,  co.  York). 
Barry  of  six  sa.  and  ar.  twelve  pheons  in  orle  counter- 
changed.  C)-6»t— Three  arrows,  one  in  pale  and  two  in 
•altire  or,  the  points  downwards,  barbed  and  flighted  ar.  in 


front  thereof  suspended  by  a  riband  gu.  an  escocbeon  n. 
charged  with  a  pheon  also  ar.  Motto— ^t&i\x&  qui  Im- 
plevit. 

Binns  (Sheffield,  co.  York;  Edmund  Knowlbb  Binns,  F.Q.S. 
and  F.R.G.S.,  Liveryman  of  the  Cutlers'  Company  and 
Freeman  of  the  city  of  London).  Arg.  on  a  pale  az.  betw, 
two  lions'  heads  erased  of  the  last,  three  swords  in  point, 
their  points  to  the  base  ppr.,  pomels  and  hilts  or.  Crest — A 
lion  rapip.  az.  gorged  with  a  collar  flory  counter-flory  or, 
holding  in  the  paws  a  sword  erect  ppr.  pomel  and  hilt  gold, 
the  dexter  hind  paw  resting  on  a  saltire  also  or.  Motto— 
Deus  providebit. 

Birkenhead,  To'v^n  of.     Quarterly,  or  and  ar.  on  a 

cross  gu.  betw.  in  the  first  quarter,  a  lion  pass,  of  the  last ; 
in  the  second,  an  oak  tree  issuant  from  a  mount  ppr. ;  in  the 
third,  an  estoileaz.  ;  and  in  the  fourth,  two  lions  pass,  of  the 
third,  a  crozier  in  pale  of  the  first,  and  two  crescents  in 
fesse  of  the  second.  Crest — Upon  a  rock  ppr.  in  front  of  a 
crozier  erect,  or,  a  lion  az.  resting  the  dexter  paw  on  an 
anchor  also  or. 

Bisley  (Abingdon,  co.  Berks  ;  Alexander  Bislet,  of  Abing- 
don, b.  1602,  son  of  Alexander  Bislet,  grandson  of  Thomas 
Bislet,  gent.,  living  1553,  and  great-grandson  of  William 
Bislet,  all  of  Abingdon.  Visit.  Berks,  1664-6).  Gu.  achev. 
betw.  three  picks  ar. 

Bisse  (Batcombe  and  Stokelane,  co.  Somerset ;  James  Bisse, 
of  Batcombe,  temp.  James  I.,  son  of  James  Bisse,  of  same 
place,  and  grandson  of  John  Bisse,  of  Stokelane.  Visit, 
Somerset,  16"23).    Sa.  three  escallops  in  pale  ar. 

Black  (Edinburgh,  1880).  Ar.  a  saltire  sa.  betw.  a  mullet  in 
chief  and  three  crescents  in  flank  and  base  gu.  Crett — A 
demi  lion  sa.     Motto — Non  crux  sed  lux. 

Blackburn  (Haine,  Lew  Down,  co.  Devon ;  Robert  Black- 
bubn,  Esq.,  of  Palmiera,  Madeira,  and  co.  York,  m.  Mary, 
dau.  and  heir  of  Rev.  Thomas  Bellastse,  of  Brampton  Hall, 
CO.  Westmorland,  and  d.  1841,  leaving  two  sons,  Edwabd, 
who  purchased  Haine,  1867,  and  Robebt  (Rev.),  rector  of 
Selham,  co.  Sussex.  The  elder,  Edward  Blackbubn,  Esq., 
of  Haine,  6.  1815,  m.  1843,  Chablotte,  dau.  of  Nicholas 
Bbooking,  Esq.,  of  Dartmouth,  co.  Devon,  and  has  Edwabd 
Brooking  Blackburn,  6.  1844,  and  other  issue).  Ar.  a  fesse 
nebulae  (originally  und^e  or  wavy)  betw.  three  mullets  sa. ; 
quartering,  ar.  a  chev.  gu.  betw.  three  fleurs-de-lis,  az.  for 
Belastse.  Crest — On  a  ducal  coronet  or  a  demi  lion  ramp, 
ppr.  holding  in  dexter  paw  a  mullet  sa.  gorged  with  a  plain 
collar  ar.  charged  with  three  mullets  of  the  third.  Motto— 
Bonne  et  belle  assez. 

Blacker.    See  Douglass. 

Bla^den  (co.  Wilts ;  arms  from  family  monuments  at  Keevil 
parish  church).  Ar.  three  trefoils  slipped  vert  on  a  chief 
indented  sa.  as  many  annulets  or. 

Blag'den  (Honiton,  co.  Devon;  the  estate  vested  in  Rev. 
William  Henrt  Chamberlaine,  M.A.,  vicar  of  Keevil  1839, 
whose  mother  was  heiress  of  the  Blagdens).  Ar.  three 
trefoils  slipped  vert  on  a  chief  indented  or,  two  annulets 
gu. 

Blagra'Ve  (Bulmarsh,  co.  Berks;  Anthony  Blagrave,  d. 
1655,  John  Blagrave,  of  Reading,  b.  1632,  and  Geobqr 
Blagrave,  b.  1638,  sons  of  Anthony  Blagrave,  Esq.,  of 
Bulmarsh,  son  ol  Anthont  Blagrave,  of  Bulmarsh ;  Visit. 
Berks  1664-6).  Quarterly,  Ist  and  4th  or,  on  a  bend  sa. 
three  legs  in  armour  couped  at  the  thigh  ppr. ;  2nd,  vert 
on  a  bend  cotised  ar.  three  crescents  gu. ;  3rd,  sa.  a  chev. 
ar.  betw.  three  fire  balls  ppr.  Crests— Ist,  an  oak  tree 
eradicated  vert ;  '^nd,  a  falcon  ppr. 

Blagrrave  (Southcote,  co.  Berks ;  Sir  John  Blaoravb,  Knt., 
of  Southcote,  brother  of  Anthony  Blagrave,  Esq.,  of  Bul- 
marsh; Visit.  Berks  1664-6).  Same  ^n?w.  CrMt— An  oak 
tree  eradicated  vert. 

Blake  (BaJlinacourty  and  Kilmeadon,  co.  Waterford,  a  branch 
of  Blake  of  Renvyle,  co.  Galway,  descended  from  Richard 
Caddell,  aitas  Blake,  Sheriff  of  Connaught,  a.d.  1306.  Ths 
present  John  Aloysius  Blake,  Esq.,  of  Ballinacourty  and 
Kilmeadon,  is  M.P.  for  co.  Waterford).  Ar.  a  fret  gu.  Crest 
— K  cat-a-mouniain  pass.  ppr.    Motto — Virtus  sola  nobilitat. 

Blanchard  (Katherine's  Court,  co.  Somerset,  and  Marshfield, 
CO.  Gloucester;  William  Blanchard,  Esq.,  of  Katherine's 
Court,  son  of  John  Blanchard,  and  grandson  oi  JoHif 
Blanchard,  of  Marshfield.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Gu.  a 
chev.  or,  betw.  two  bezants  in  chief  and  a  griSln's  bead 
erased  in  base  of  the  second. 


BLA 


SUPPLEMENT. 


BOS 


Bland  (London  and  Norwich;  Micbabi.  Bulmd,  Esq.,  of 
London).  Quarterly,  ar.  and  or  on  a  bend  Ba.  three  pheons 
of  the  second.  Crest — Out  of  a  crown  vallary  or,  a  lion's 
head  ppr.  charged  with  a  bend  sa.,  thereon  three  pheons  also 
or.    Motto — Potior  origine  virtus. 

Blandy  (Birchamp  House,  Colford,  co.  Gloucester ;  Feede- 
WCK  Blandt,  Esq.,  J. P.,  b.  1824,  third  son  of  John  Blandy, 
Esq.,  of  Madeira,  purcliased  Birchamp  1871).  Or  three  urns 
sa.  with  flames  issuing  ppr.  Crest — A  demi  lion  reguardant 
gu.  holding  betw.  the  paws  an  urn  sa.  with  flames  issuing 
ppr.     Motto — Ex  urn4  resurgam. 

Blane  (granted  i  Dec,  1809,  to  Andrew  Blane,  Esq.,  of  Blane- 
fleld,  CO.  Ayr,  and  his  heirs  male).  Ar.  on  a  fess  sa.  a  star  of 
five  points  betw.  two  crescents  of  the  first,  in  base  a  rose  gu. 
Crest — The  sword  of  the  figure  of  Justice  paleways  ppr.  hilt 
and  pomel  or.  Supporters — Dexter,  a  lion  gu. ;  sinister,  a 
griffin  ppr.     Motto — Pax  aut  bellum. 

Blane  (Foliejon  Park,  Windsor,  Berks ;  William  Blane, 
Esq.,  of  Grougar,  co.  Ayr,  and  Foliejon  Park  aforesaid,  6th 
son  of  Gilbert  Blane,  Esq.,  of  Blanefield,  co.  Ayr,  m.  1798, 
Honoris,  dau.  of  Thomas  Newnham,  Esq.,  of  Southboro', 
Kent,  J. P.  and  D.L.,  and  d.  1835,  leaving  issue.  The  2nd 
son,  Thomas  Law  Blane,  Esq.,  H.E.I.C.S.,  is  now  of  Foliejon 
Park.     Arms,  Crest,  and  Motto — Same  as  the  preceding. 

Blaney  (Thomas  Blanet,  Esq.,  one  of  the  Serjeants  at  arms 
to  Charles  11.,  6.  1662,  son  of  Evan  Blanet,  of  Kerye,  co. 
Montgomery;  Visit.  Berks  1664-6).  Quarterly,  1st,  per 
pale  or  and  gu.  two  lions  ramp,  addorsed  counter-changed; 
2nd,  ar.  three  horses'  heads  erased  sa. ;  3rd,  sa.  a  chev. 
betw.  three  fleurs-de-lis  or;  4th,  ar.  three  fleurs-de-lis  sa. 
Crest — A  horse's  head  erased  sa.  Motto — Hope  well  and 
home  well. 

Blaquiere  (Lord  de  Blaquiere).  The  estoiles  in  his  lord- 
ship's arms  and  supporters  should  be  "or,"  not  "  ar." 

Bloomfield  (Belmount.  near  Bath,  co.  Somerset ;  exempli- 
fied to  Leonard  Jenyns,  Esq.,  upon  his  assuming  by  royal 
licence,  1871,  the  surname  of  Bloomfield).  Sa.  three 
branches  of  broom  betw.  two  chevronels  or,  a  canton  of 
the  last,  thereon  a  spearhead  az.  embrued  gu.  Crest — A 
demi  heraldic  tiger  az.  tutted  and  crined  or,  in  the  mouth 
a  branch  of  broom  as  in  the  arms,  holding,  in  the  paws 
a  sword  erect  broken  at  the  point  ppr.  pomel  and  hilt 
gold. 

Blount  (Dakell  Blount,  Mapledurham,  co.  Oxford;  John 
Blount,  Esq.,  now  of  Mapledurham,  assumed  the  prefix  sur- 
name of  Dabell,  in  right  of  his  wife,  Heneietta  Darell, 
of  Calehill,  co.  Kent,  the  representative  of  the  ancient  family 
of  Darell,  of  Calehill).  Quarterly,  Ist  and  4th,  Barry 
nebulee  of  six  or  and  sa.,  for  Blount  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  az.  a 
lion  ramp,  or  ducally  crowned  ar.  in  the  dexter  chief  point, 
for  diff.  a  cross  crosslet  of  the  second,  for  Darell;  an 
rscutcheon  of  pretence,  the  Darell  arms  without  the  diff. 
Greats — Ist,  Blodnt:  The  sun  in  splendour  charged  in  the 
centre  with  an  eye  all  ppr. ;  2nd,  Daecll  :  Out  of  a  ducul 
coronet  or,  a  man's  head  in  profile  couped  at  the  shoulders 
and  bearded  ppr.  wreathed  round  the  temples  or  and  az. 
on  the  head  a  cap  also  az.  fretty  ar.  tasselled  gold  and 
turned  up  erm.  for  diff.  a  cross  crosslet  az.  Motto — Lux 
tua  vita  mea. 

Blower  (Loughborough,  co.  Leicester,  and  Reading,  co. 
Berks;  Thomas  Blower,  of  Heading,  b.  1618,  son  of  Chris- 
topueh  Blower,  of  Loughborough,  d.  1643;  Visit.  Berks 
16C4-6).    Or,  a  chev.  vert  betw.  three  pomeis. 

Blumbergr  (Ludwio  Alexander  BLDMBERa,  Esq.,  of  Palace 
Gardens,  Kensington,  and  Victor  Georue  BtuMnERfi). 
Vert,  on  a  chev.  betw.  a  lion  pass,  in  chief  and  a  stag  lodged 
in  base  or,  five  estoiles  sa.  Crest — On  a  mount  vert  a  lion's 
head  erased  or,  scmee  of  estoiles  sa.  ilfofCo— Concordia 
vim  dat. 

Blyth  'granted  to  the  wife  of  John  Fleming,  Esq.).  Ar.  on 
a,  fi'Bse  indented  betw.  three  crescents  gu.  as  many  garbs  or. 

Boa^  (Sir  Robert  Boao,  Knt.,  Mayor  of  Belfast,  1876,  san 
uf  Uev.  John  Boau,  of  Blackburn,  near  Edinburgh,  author 
of  the  "Imperial  I-exlcon  ").  Ar.  on  a  chev.  gu.  thrco 
cinqucfnlU  piened  erm.  in  chief  a  civic  crown  vert,  betw. 
two  mullets  a?.,  in  base  a  stag's  head  erased  holding  in  the 
mouth  a  trefoil  slipped  all  ppr.  Crest  -An  hour  glass  betw. 
two  oak  branches  in  orle  all  ppr.  Motto — Ue|[it  omnia 
tcmpus. 

Board  ^Farley  Place,  Westcrham,  co.  Kent;  previously  of 
Puxhill  and  Bflrrte  Hill,  co.  Kuisex ;  Rev.  Richard  Board, 
Rector  of  Westerham,  m.  Elizabeth,  dau.  of  John  Jonss, 


Esq.,  of  Derry  Ormond,  co.  Cardigan,  and  d  1859,  leavinK 
John  Bo^trd,  Esq.  of  Westerham,  J.P.,  Major  Ist  batt. 
Kent  Royal  Volunteers).  Per  fesse  gu.  and  az.  an  escutcheon 
within  an  orle  of  martlets  ar.  Crest — An  antelope  trippant 
or.     Motlo — Perforatus. 

Bog'le  (Capt.  John  do  Terreau  Bogle,  R.E.).  Ar.  two 
chevronels engr.  gu.  betw.  in  chic-f  three  roses  of  the  last,  and 
in  base  a  sliip  in  full  sail  sa.  sails  furled  ar.  and  fiag  of  the 
second.  Crest — In  front  of  a  primrose  gu.  stalked  and  leaved 
vert  a  fret  or.    Motto — Dalcius  ex  asperis. 

Bolton,  Borough  of  (co.  York).  Gu.  two  bendlets  or. 
Crest— kn  elephant  pass.  ppr.  on  his  back  a  tower  or, 
trappings  gu.  and  gold. 

Bombay,  City  of.  Kz.  three  ships  under  sail,  lateen 
rigged  ppr.  actiief  or,  thereon  a  lion  pass,  guard,  gu.  betw. 
two  pallets  sa.  each  charged  with  an  ostrich  feather  erect 
ar.  C)-est — A  lion  pass,  guard,  gu.  crowned  with  an  eastern 
crown  or,  supporting  with  the  dexier  forepaw  an  escocheon 
gold,  charged  with  a  sprig  of  the  cotton  tree  slipped  and 
fructed  ppr.  Supporters — On  the  dexter  side  a  lion  or,  and 
on  the  sinister  side  a  leopard  ppr.  each  gorged  with  an 
eastern  crown,  pendent  therefrom  an  escocheon  az.  charged 
with  a  mullet  ar. 

Bonner  (South  Petherton  and  Water  Leston,  co.  Somerset ; 
Henry  Bonner,  of  South  Petherton,  temp.  James  I.,  son  of 
Walter  Bonner,  of  Water  Leston,  who  was  tenth  in  de- 
scent from  John  Bonner  and  Margaret,  his  wife,  dau.  of 
Robert  Bird,  living  10  Edward  111.,  a.d.  1336.  Visit. 
Somerset,  1623).  Gu.  a  crescent  erm.  within  an  orle  of 
martlets  or. 

Bonnor  (Queen's  Gate  Terrace,  Kensington,  co.  Middlesex, 
and  Gloucester).  Az.  a  fess  paly  of  six  or  and  gu.  betw. 
four  lions  ramp,  three  in  chief  and  one  in  base  of  the  second. 
Crest— A.  demi  talbot  or,  gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  az. 
holding  betw.  the  paws  an  hour-glass  ppr.  Motto — A  la 
bonne  heure. 

Bontein  (Sir  James  Bonteik,  Lieut.  Col.  and  gentleman  of 
the  Privy  Chamber  to  George  III.  The  name  has  at  diffe- 
rent times  and  by  different  ineinbeis  of  the  family  been 
spelt  variously,  but  the  Mildovan  and  Balglass  line  of 
Bontine,  of  Ardoch  have  used  the  spelling  Bontein;  it 
was  so  spelt  in  the  Patent  from  the  Lyon  Office  dated 
1813,  granting  supporters  to  Sir  James  Bontein  as  repre- 
sentative of  Ardoch).    A^~ms,  <fcc.,  see  the  body  of  the  work. 

Boreman  (Wells,  co.  Somerset;  Andrew  Boreman,  temp. 
James  I.,  son  of  William  Boreman.  Visit.  Somerset, 
1623).  Erm.  on  a  bend  cotised  sa.  three  boars'  heads 
erased  ar. 

Borneo  (North  Borneo  Company).  Az.  in  base  on  wave*  of 
the  sea  a  native  boat  of  North  Borneo  with  sails  manned 
and  oars  in  action  ppr.  a  chief  or,  thereon  a  lion  pass,  guard, 
gu.  Crest — Two  arms  cnibowed,  that,  on  the  dexter  side  being 
an  arm  of  a  native  of  North  Bi)rnco  ppr.  that  on  the  sinister 
being  an  arm  vested  az.  cuffed  ar.  the  hands  grasping  a  siaff 
jipr.  thereon  hoisted  a  flag  flowing  to  the  sinister  or,  charged 
with  a  lion  guard,  gu. 

Borton  (General  Sir  Arthur  Borton,  K.C.B.,  G.C.M.G., 
Governor  and  Commander-in-Chief  of  Malta).  Or,  on  a 
chev.  engr.  sa.  a  mural  crown  uf  the  first,  in  chief  a  pellet 
betw.  two  boars'  hea<l8  couped  of  the  second,  and  in  base  a 
like  boar's  head  betw.  two  pellets.  Crest — In  front  of  a 
sword  paleways  point  downwards  ppr.  pomel  and  hilt  gold  a 
boar's  head  couped  sa.  holding  in  the  mouth  a  sprig  of  laurel 
fructed  also  ppr. 

Bosanquet  (Broxboumbury,  co.  Hertford ;  exemplified  to 
Horace  James  Smith,  Esq  ,  upon  his  assuming  by  royal 
licence,  1866,  the  surname  of  Bosanquet  only).  Quarterly, 
1st  and  4th,  or,  upon  a  mount  vert  an  oak  tree  ppr.  a  chief 
nebulee  gu.  thereon  a  crescent  betw.  two  mullets  of  six 
points  ar.,  for  Bosanquet.  2nd  and  3rd,  or,  a  chev.  cotised 
betw.  three  demi  grifHns,  the  two  in  chief  respecting  each 
other  sa.,  for  Smith.  Crests — Ut,  Bosanquet:  A  demi  lion 
gu.  gorged  with  a  collar  ncbuly  or,  and  holding  between  the 
paws  a  mullet  of  six  points  gu.  within  an  annulet  or,  motto 
over.  Per  dainna,  per  ccedcs;  2nd,  Smith:  An  elephant's 
head  erased  or,  eared  gu.  charged  on  the  neck  with  three 
fleurs-de-lis,  two  and  one  az.     Motlo — Tenax  in  fide. 

Bostock  (Otford,  Kent,  originally  from  co.  Chester;  granted 
ir;i3).  Ar.  a  fcKs  huinett^  az.  on  a  canton  gu.  a  maiden's 
heiul  eouped  at  the  breast  jipr.  crined  or.  Crest — A  crescent 
ar.  therein  issuant  a  bear's  head  pean  erased  gu.  muzzled 


BOS 


SUPPLEMENT. 


BBE 


Bostock  (Abingdon,  co.  Berks,  Edmond  Bostock,  of  the 
Middle  Temple,  1664,  son  of  Thomas  Bostock,  grandson  of 
Edmund  Bostock,  and  great  grandson  of  Ricuabd  Bostock, 
who  was  son  of  Ralph  Bostock,  Itmp.  Henry  Vll.,  all  of 
Abingdon  ;  Visit.  Berks  166i-6;.  Quarterly,  ist  and  4th, 
sa.  afess  humette  ar.  a  canton  ar.  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  sa.a  helmet 
closed  ar.     Crest — An  antelope  or,  gorged  gu. 

Bourne  (Winscombe and  Wyvel.'icombe,  co. Somerset;  John 
BocBNE,  temp.  James  I.,  son  of  Gilbert  Boi'bne,  grandson 
of  Richard  Bourne,  and  great-grandson  of  Philip  Bourne, 
whose  brother.  Sir  John  Bourne,  was  Secretary  of  State 
to  Mary  I.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623.  Arms  granted  1691). 
Ar.  a  chev.  gu.  betw.  three  lions  ramp.  sa.  a  chief 
ermines. 

Bourne  (Heathfield  House  and  Rackinsale,  co.  Lancaster, 
bart.,  created  1880  ;  ext.  1884).  Ar.  a  chev.  sa.  guttee  d'eau, 
betw.  in  chief  two  lions  ramp,  and  in  base  an  heraldic  tiger 
also  ramp.  gu.  Crest — An  heraldic  tiger  sejant  or,  guttle  de 
sang,  resting  the  dexter  paw  on  a  cross  patted  gu.  Motto 
— Semper  vigilans. 

Bousfield  (granted  to  the  wife  of  John  Robert  Vaizet, 
E.sq).  Gu.  on  a  chev.  cotised  or,  between  three  lions'  heads 
erased  of  the  last  two  tilting-spears  chevronwise  ppr. 

Bowdler  (Kirkham,  co.  Lancaster;  descended  from  Bowd- 
LER  of  Chirbury.  co.  Montgomery  and  co.  Salop,  represented 
by  William  Henrt  Bowdler,  Esq.,  of  Kirkham).  Ar.  two 
cornish  choughs  in  pale  ppr.  beaked  and  legged  gu.  Creist 
— A  dexter  arm  embowed,  holding  in  the  hand  an  arrow  all 
ppr.     Motto — Innocue  ac  provide. 

Bowen.    See  Colthukst-Bowen. 

Bower  (Wells,  Alverton,  co.  Somerset,  and  Donhead,  co. 
Wilts ;  Edmund  Bower,  of  Wells,  and  Adrian  Bower,  of 
Alverton,  sons  of  Edmosd  Bower,  of  Donhead.  Visit. 
Somerset,  1623).  Sa.  in  chief  three  talbots'  heads  erased  ar. 
in  base  a  cinquefoil  erm. 

Bower  (The  Larches,  co.  Surrey;  exemplified  to  James 
Marsh  Dunn,  Esq.,  eldest  son  of  Richard  Marsh  Marsh 
Dunn,  Esq.,  of  Carleton  Lodge,  Teignmouth,  co.  Devon,  by 
Eliza  Helen,  his  wife,  dau.  of  James  Bower,  Esq.,  of 
Melcombe  Regis,  co.  Dorset,  upon  his  assuming  by  royal 
licence,  1881,  the  surname  of  Bower  in  lieu  of  Dunn,  in 
compliance  with  the  will  of  his  maternal  uncle.  Rev.  James 
Henrt  Bower,  of  the  Larches).  Sa.  two  tilting  spears 
saltirewise  or,  in  chief  three  talbots'  heads  coupedar.  Crest 
— In  front  of  a  talbot's  head  couped  sa.  gorged  with  a 
collar  gemel  or,  a  tilting  spear  fessewise  head  to  the  dexter 
also  or.     3/o»6— Hope  well,  love  well. 

Bowlby  (originally  seated  in  the  North  Riding  co.  York, 
presumed  to  have  taken  the  name  from  Boulby,  near  Whitby, 
afterwards,  for  some  generations,  settled  in  the  city  of 
Durham;  now  represented  by  Charles  Cotsford  Bowlby, 
Esq.,  of  London).    Az.  three  mallets  or. 

Bowman  (Bart.,  of  Joldwynds,  co.  Surrey,  and  ClitTbrd 
Street,  London).  Or,  on  a  chev.  betw.  three  bows  stringed 
gu.  two  lions  combatant  of  the  tield  betw.  as  many  escallops 
ar.  Crest — On  a  mount  vert,  the  stump  of  a  tree  ppr. 
around  the  upper  part  a  belt  sa.  therefrom  pendent  a  quiver 
gu.  filled  with  arrows  ar.  Motto — Quondam  taia  vicimus 
armis. 

BovHring  (Forest  Farm,  co.  Berks,  formerly  Larkbeare, 
Devon  ;  John  Charles  Bowbing,  Esq.,  eldest  son  of  Sir  John 
Bowbing,  of  Claremont,  Devon,  LL.D.,  F.R.S.,  M.P.  for 
Kilmarnock,  H.M.  Plenipotentiary  in  China,  and  Envoy 
Extraordinary  to  Siam,  son  of  Charles  Bowrino,  Esq.,  of 
Larkbeare,  d.  23  Nov.  1872,  leaving  John  Charles  Bowrino, 
Esq.,  of  Forest  Farm,  and  other  issue).  Gu.  three  eastern 
crowns  chevronwise  betw.  two  chevronels,  the  whole  betw. 
three  lions  ramp.  or.  Creat — A  demi  lion  ramp,  or,  grasping 
in  the  dexter  paw  an  arrow  in  bend  sinister,  and  in  the 
sinister  paw  an  oriental  bow  paleways  ppr. 

Bowyer  (co.  Gloucester).  Or,  a  bend  vair  cotised  gu.  a 
canton  of  the  last  charged  with  a  cross-bow  of  the  field. 

Boyd  (Granted  to  Ven.  Willlam  Boyd,  Archdeacon  of  Craven 
and  Vicar  of  AmclifTe,  Skipton,  co.  York,  and  to  Edwabd 
Fenwics  Boyd,  Esq.,  of  Moor  House,  Leamside,  co.  Durham, 
&nd  to  the  other  descendants  of  their  father,  William  Boyd, 
Eeq.,  of  Newcastle-on-Tyne,  and  of  Burfield  Priory,  co. 
Gloucester).  Az.  a  fes.se  indented  chequy  ar.  and  gu.  betw. 
two  lozenges  of  the  second.  Ciexl — In  front  of  a  dexter  hand 
couped  at  the  wrist,  pointing  upwards  with  the  thumb  and 
two  fingers  ppr.  three  lozenges  conjoined  and  fessewise  az. 
iV«</«)— Confido. 


Boyes  (New  Zealand  and  Scotland,  1879).  Ar.  a  saltire  ar. 
on  a  chief  of  the  second,  a  cinquefoil  of  the  first,  the  saltire 
charged  with  a  crescent  also  of  the  first.  Crest — A  sword 
erect  ppr.  hilted  and  pomelled  or.     Motto — Ex  animo. 

Boys  (Oldstock,  CO.  Somerset ;  John  Boys,  6.  1588,  son  of 
John  Boys,  temp.  Henry  VIII.,  and  grandson  of  John 
Boys,  of  Oldstock.  Visit.  Somerbet,  1623).  Ar.  on  a  chev. 
gu.  betw.  three  trees  eradicated  vert  as  many  bezants; 
quartering,  1st,  ar.  on  a  chev.  sa.  three  quatrefoils  or,  a 
crescent  for  diff.,  for  Eybe,  of  Orcheston,  co.  Wilts;  2nd, 
ar.  on  a  chev.  betw.  three  birds  sa.  beaked  and  legged  gu. 
five  fusils  of  the  first. 

Brabourne,  Baron.    See  IIugessen. 

Bracken  (Hillam  Hall,  South  Milford,  co.  York).  Gu.  fretty 
ar.  semee  of  plates.  Crest — A  Catherine  wheel.  Motto — 
Vigueur  de  dessus. 

Bradford  (co.  Northumberland.  Visit.  1615).  Az.  on  a 
bend  ar.  three  martlets  sa. 

Bradford  (Bradford,  CO.  Northumberland;  Visit.  1615).  Ar. 
on  a  fess  sa.  three  stags'  heads  erased  or. 

Bradford  (Swindon,  CO.  Wilts,  descended  from  Bradford, 
of  Bradford).  Same  Arms.  Note,  James  Bradford,  Esq., 
of  Swindon,  about  the  year  1824,  substituted  for  the  family 
the  arms,  Az.  on  a  bend  ar.  three  martlets  sa.  But 
Major  H.  Bradford,  108  Regt.,  and  other  members  of  the 
family  retain  the  ancient  arms. 

Bradney  (Bradney,  Somerset,  and  Llanfihangel-Ystem- 
Llewern,  co.  Monmouth.  Joseph  Alfred  Bradney,  of 
Llanfihangel-Ystem-Llewern,  Esq.,  J. P.,  only  son  of  the 
Rev.  Joseph  Christopher  Bradney,  rector  of  Greete,  co. 
Salop,  and  grandson  of  Joseph  Bradney,  Esq.,  of  Bradney 
and  Ham,  co.  Surrey,  by  Elizabeth,  his  wife,  daughter  and 
co-heiress  of  Sir  John  Hopkins.  Knt.,  of  Llantihangel- 
Ystern-Llewern,  Lord  Mayor  of  London  1792).  He  m. 
1883,  Rosa,  only  child  of  Edward  Jenkins,  Esq.,  of  the 
Grove,  co.  Radnor.  High  Sheriff  1870.  Or,  a  fesse  raguly 
plain  cotised  betw.  four  crosses  pattee  fitchee  sa.  Crest — 
A  hawk  close  ppr.  legged,  belled  and  jessed  or,  holding 
in  the  beak  a  trefoil  slipped  vert,  and  in  the  dexter  claw  a 
cross  patce  fitchee  sa.     Motto — Mors  gloria  forli. 

Bradney  (Bayford  Lodge,  co.  Somerset,  and  Mon- 
mouth. John  Bradney,  Esq.,  of  Bayford,  only  son  of  Rev 
John  Hopkins  Bradney,  of  Leigh  House,  co.  Wilts,  and 
grandson  of  Joseph  Bradney,  Esq.,  of  Ham,  co.  Surrey,  by 
Elizabetli,  his  wife,  dau.  and  co-heir  of  Sir  John  Hopkins, 
Knt.,  Lord  Mayor  of  London  1792).    Same  Anus  and  Crest. 

Bramwell  (Baron  Bramwell).  Per  fesse  erm.  and  az.  a 
pale  counterchanged,  three  griffins  segreant,  one  and  two 
ar.  Crest — Two  lion's  gambs  in  saltire  or,  supporting  a 
sword  in  fesse,  ppr.     Motto — Diligenter. 

Brang'an  (Dublin;  Collection  of  Molyneux.  Ulster,  1697- 
1612).  Per  pale  gu.  and  ar.  a  sinister  hand  erased  at  the 
wrist  betw.  three  crosses  moline  counterchanged.  Crut-— 
A  cubit  arm  erect  vested  vert  cuffed  ar.  the  hand  ppr. 
holding  a  cross  moline  or. 

Brassey  (Bulkeley  and  Buerton,  co.  Chester,  an  ancient 
Cheshire  family;  pedigree  and  arms  admitted  and  registered 
at  the  Heralds  College  to  Sir  Thomas  Brassey,  K.C.B.,  of 
Bulkeley  Grange,  co.  Chester,  and  of  Normanhurst  Court,  co. 
Sussex,  M.P. :  and  to  his  brothers,  Henry  Arthur  Bbasset, 
Esq.,  of  Preston  Hall,  co.  Kent,  M  P.,  and  Albert 
Brassey,  Esq.,  of  Heythrop,  co.  Oxford).  Quarterly:  Ist, 
quarterly,  per  fesse,  indented  sa.  and  ar.  in  the  1st  quarter 
a  mallard  of  the  2nd;  2nd,  gu.  in  chief  three  mullets  ar. 
and  in  base  a  dexter  hand  appaumc  couped  at  the  wrist  of 
the  last;  3rd,  sa.  a  cliev.  betw.  three  bulls'  heads  cabossed 
ar. ;  4th,  ar.  on  a  chev.  gu.  three  trefoils  slipped  of  the  field. 
Crest — A  mallard  ppr.   Motto — Arduis  saepe,  metu  nunquam. 

Brereton  (Yard,  co.  Somerset;  Thomas  Brereton,  temp. 
James  I.,  son  of  Thomas  Brereton,  of  Yard,  near  Tauntoa. 
Visit.  Somerset,  1623).     Ar.  two  bars  sa.  a  mullet  for  diff. 

Bretherton  (Runshaw  Hall,  Chorley,  co.  Lancaster.  Wil- 
liam Bbethebton,  Esq.,  of  Heskin  Hall,  also  in  co.  Lancaster, 
T/i.  Alice,  dau.  of  James  Boabdman,  Esq.,  of  Farington  House, 
same  co.,  and  had  an  only  surviving  son,VViLLiAM  Brether- 
ton, Esq.,  of  Runshaw,  J. P.,  6.  1829;  m.  1856,  Margaret, 
dau.  and  heir  of  Richard  Norris,  Esq.,  of  Lostock  Brow, 
CO.  Lancaster,  and  has,  Humphrey  William  Brereton,  6. 1857, 
and  other  issue).  Sa.  a  cross  raguly  flory  ar.  two  flauncbes 
of  the  last,  each  charged  with  a  stag's  head  caboshed  of  the 
first.    Crtst—A  cross  raguly  flory  sa.,  therefrom  pendent  by 


BBI 


SUPPLEMENT. 


Bsn 


«  riband   gn.   a  stag's   hflad   caboshed  ar.     MoUo — Per 

aspcra  ad  dulcia  Crucis. 
Bridires  (Combe,  co.  Gloucester,  and  Lelgh-upon-Mendip, 

CO.  Somerset;    Edward  BaiDOES,  of  Leigh,  son  of  Thomas 

Bbidoks,  of  same  place,    grandson  of  Thomas  Bridobs,  of 

Nynne,  and  great-grandsoa  of  John  Bbidues,   of  Combe. 

Visit.  Somerset,  1623).    Ar.  on  a  cross  sa.  a  leopard's  face  or, 

a  crescent  for  diff. 
Bii?g«   (quartered  by  Focntain.     Visit.  Norfolk,  1563). 

Gu.  three  bars  gemel  or,  a  canton  sa. 

Brings  (Bart,   of  Briggs    Dayrell,    &c.,   page  123).     The 

baronet's  Motto  is — Ne  traverse  pas  le  pont. 
Brine  (Dorsetshire).    Arg.  an  eagle  displayed  sa.,  charged 

on  the  breast  with  an  anchor  gold,  on  a  chief  embattled  gu. 

»  cross  moline  or.    Crest — A  lion  ramp,  arg,  billetiee,  and 

holding  betw.  the  paws  a  cross  moline  ga.    Motto — Confido. 

Brisbane  (Brisbane,  co.  Ayr).  Sa.  a  chev.  chequy  or  and 
gu.  betw.  three  cushions  pendent  by  the  corners  of  the 
second,  a  chief  of  honorable  augmentation  embattled 
ar.  thereon  on  waves  of  the  sea  a  ship  of  war  under  sail  betw. 
two  forts,  the  guns  firing  and  on  the  battlements  the  Dutch 
flag  all  ppr.  Cre»U — Dester  out  of  a  naval  crown  or,  a 
dexter  arm  embowed  in  the  uniform  of  a  captain  of  the 
Eoyal  Navy,  the  hand  grasping  a  cutlass  ppr.  hilted  and 
pomelled  or,  and  from  the  hand  pendent  by  a  ribbon  ar. 
fimbriated  az.  a  gold  medal;  Sinister  a  stork's  head  erased 
holding  in  the  beak  a  serpent  writhing  ppr.  Mottoes— 
Curasao ;  and  Certamine  summo. 

Brocklebank  (Ralph  Brocklebank,  Esq.,  J. P.  and  D.L., 
resident  at  Childwall  Hall,  near  Liverpool,  co.  Lancaster). 
Az.  an  escallop  or,  betw.  three  brocks  arg.  on  a  chief  en- 
grailed of  the  2ad  a  cock  ppr.  betw.  two  escallops  of  the 
first. 

Brocklehtirst  (Hurdsfleld  House,  TytherinRton  and  Swy- 
thamley  Park,  MacclesBeld,  co.  Chester).  Armg—PeT  pale 
ar.  and  sa.  three  chevronels  engr.  betw.  as  many  brocks  all 
counterchanged.  Crest — A  brock  sa.  holding  in  the  mouth 
a  slip  of  oak  fructed  ppr.  in  front  of  a  mount  vert  thereon 
two  oak  trees  also  ppr.    J/of  to— Veritas  me  dirigit. 

Brocklehurst  (Henbury  Park,  Macclesfield;  Thomas 
Uneit  Bbocklehobst,  Esq.,  of  Henbury  Park;  quarters 
Unett,  viz.,  sa.  a  chev.  erm.  betw.  two  lions'  heads  erased 
ar.  in  right  of  his  mother  Mabtba,  dau.  of  Thomas  Unett, 
Esq.).     Arms,  &c.,  aa  ahoye. 

Broderwicke(Langford,co.  Berks,  Bicbabd  Bbodebwicke, 
ol  Langford,  Visit.  Berks,  1664-6).  Barry  wavy  of  six  ar. 
and  az.,  on  a  chief  sa.  a  coronet  or,  betw.  two  spear  heads 
of  the  first  guttee  de  sang.  Crest— 0\it  of  a  coronet  or,  a 
spear  head  ar.  imbrued. 

Bromfleld  (Mortyn,  co.  Denbigh).  Ar.  a  cross  flory  engr. 
sa.  betw.  four  Cornish  choughs  ppr.  on  a  Chiet  az.  a  boar's 
bead  couped  of  the  first. 

Brooke  (Armitage  Bridge,  co.  York.  Thomas  Bbooke,  Esq., 
J. P.,  eldest  son  of  Thomas  Brooke,  Esq.,  of  Armitage 
Bridge,  who  d.  18.')9,  by  Anne,  his  wife,  dau.  of  Joseph 
Ingham,  Esq.,  of  Leeds).  Ar.  a  cross  nebulee  per  pale  gu. 
and  sa.  in  the  first  and  fourth  quarters  a  boar's  head  couped 
of  the  last. 

Brooke  (Longashton,  co.  Somerset;  Hdgb  Bbooke,  son  of 
Thomas  Brooke,  who  was  eldest  son  of  John  Bbooke,  Ser- 
jeant-at-law to  Henry  VIII.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Gu. 
on  a  chev.  ar.  a  lion  ramp.  sa.  crowned  or,  a  mullet  for  diff., 
quartering,  1st,  gu.  on  a  chev.  or,  three  lions  ramp.  sa. ; 
2nd,  erm.  on  a  cliev.  gu.  three  bucks' heads  cabossed  or; 
8rd,  erm.  seven  masclcs  conjoined,  three,  two,  and  one  az. : 
4th,  gu.  a  chev.  dancettee  or,  betw.  twelve  crosses  crosslct 
ar;  6th,  barry  nebulee  of  six  ar.  and  gu. ;  6th,  az.  a  fesse 
dancettee  betw.  three  garbs  or;  7th,  az.  two  bars  nebulee 
or;  8tli,  gu.  a  (esse  ar.  betw.  six  crosses  crosslct  or. 

Brooke  (Glastonbury  Abbey,  co.  .Somerset,  and  Barrow-Gur- 
ncy,  CO.  Someriet;  Thomas  Brooke,  of  Glastonbury  Abbey, 
son  of  KbWABD  Bbooke,  of  Uarrow-(iurney,  and  grandson  of 
Abtbcb  iiRooKE,  who  was  second  son  of  John  Bbooke,  Scr- 
]eant-Bt-law  to  Henry  Vlll.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Same 
Armi,  a  crescent  on  the  mullet  for  cadency. 

Brookes  ^'Wanting,  co.  Berks,  Richard  Brookes,  6.  1647, 
•on  of  Richard  Brookes,  and  grandson  of  Richard  Brook  ks, 
all  of  Wanting.  Visit.  Berks,  1664-6;.  Or,  a  fess  vert  in 
base  three  clubs  ppr. 


Brookfield  (Abthor  Montaoc  Bbooepibld,  Esq.,  Kensing- 
ton, Middlesex).  Vert  a  fesse  wavy  arg.  on  a  bend  betw.  two 
garbs  or,  three  mullets  of  six  points  ea.  Crett — A  cubit 
arm  erect  in  armour  ppr.  holding  a  sickle  palewise  also 
ppr.,  and  two  ears  of  wheat  in  saltire,  stalked  and  bladed, 
or.     Motto — Beware  the  reaping. 

Brooks  (WiLUAM  CuNLiFFE  Brooks,  Esq.,  of  Barlow  Hall, 
Manchester,  co.  Lancaster,  and  5,  Grosvenor  Square,  Lon- 
don). Ar.  three  bars  wavy,  az.  a  cross  flory  erminois,  in 
chief  a  fountain.  Cre.it~A  demi  li'n  ar.  charged  on  the 
shoulder  with  a  fountain  holding  in  the  paws  a  harpoon  in 
bend  sinister  ppr.     Motto — Finem  respice. 

Brooks  (Crawshaw  Hall,  co.  Lancaster;  Thomas  Brooks, 
Esq.,  of  that  place,  J. P.  and  D.L.,  High  Sheriff  1884).  Same 
as  last. 

Brooksbank  (Bromley,  co.  Kent.  William  Lton  Brooks- 
bank,  Esq.).  Per  pale  ar.  and  az.  two  bars  nebuly  betw.  as 
many  stags'  heads  erased  in  chief  and  a  qualrefoil  in  base  all 
counterchanged.  Crest — A  stag's  head  couped  erm.  attired 
or,  charged  with  two  bars  nebuly  az.  holding  in  the  mouth  a 
palm  branch  slipped  in  bend  vert. 

Brougrbton  (co.  Somerset;  Robert  Brodghton,  temp. 
James  I.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623.  Arms  grunted  1591).  Sa. 
a  cheV.  or,  betw.  three  bucks'  heads  cabossed  ar.  Crest — 
A  spaniel  sejant  erm. 

BrO'WH  (Sir  John  Brown,  Knt.,  J. P.  and  D.L.,  Endclifife 
Hall,  Sheffield).  Ar.  two  barrulets  between  a  mullet  in 
chief  and  a  representation  of  a  railway  conical  spiral  wheel 
in  base  sa.  Cie.it— A  lion  sejant  ppr.  charged  with  two 
barrulets  sa.,  and  supporting  with  the  dexter  paw  an  esco- 
cheon  ar.  thereon  a  bee  volant  also  ppr. 

BrO'wn  (Nonsuch  House,  co.  Wilts;  Rev.  Meredith  Brown 
of  that  place)  Gu.  a  chev.  erra.  betw.  three  fleurs-de-lis  or. 
Crest — A  lion's  head  erased  or.    A/ot(o— Forward. 

Browne  (Woolmers,  and  Camfield  Place,  co.  Hertford ; 
Thomas  Browne,  Esq.,  Norroy  King  of  Arms,  and  by  patent 
18  May,  1761,  Garter  King  of  Arm.s,  descended  from 
Edward  Browne.  Esq.,  of  Compton-juxta-Ashbume,  co. 
Derby,  supposed  to  have  been  a  descendant  of  Sir  Antuont 
Browne,  K.G.).  Sa.  three  lions  pass.  betw.  two  bendlets  ar. 
and  as  many  trefoils  slipped  erm.  Crest — Ist,  Browne,  a 
griffin's  head  erased  sa.  beaked  and  eared  or,  charged  on 
the  neck  with  a  bar  gemel  ar.  and  a  trefoil  as  in  the  arms ; 
2nd,  Nedhah,  a  buck's  head  sa.  attired  or,  issuing  from  a 
crown  gold  pallisado.  The  second  Crest  is  borne  as  a 
memorial  of  the  marriage  of  Thomas  Browne,  Garter,  with 
Martha,  dau.  and  co-heir  of  George  Nedham,  Esq.,  of 
Wyniondley  Priory,  Herts.  Their  son.  Rev.  William 
Browne,  of  Camfield  Place,  ni.  1791,  Anne,  eldest  dau.  of 
Sir  FitzWilliam  Barrington,  Bart.,  and  left  at  his  death  in 
1819,  an  only  son,  William  Browne,  Esq.,  of  Camfield  Place, 
who  m.  1815,  Anna  Maria,  dau.  of  Theophilus  Salwey,  Esq., 
of  the  Lodge,  and  d.  1828,  leaviog  issue.  Motto  Si  sit 
prudentia. 

Bro'wne  (Newgrove,  co.  Clare ;  exemplified  to  Thomas 
Browne  Bradt,  Esq.,  upon  his  assuming,  by  royal  licence, 
1877,  the  surname  of  Browne  instead  of  that  of  Brady,  in 
compliance  with  the  testamentary  injunction  of  his  grand- 
uncle,  Thomas  Browne,  Esq.,  of  Newgrove).  Ar.  on  a  bend 
engr.  double  cottised  plain  sa.  three  eagles  displ.  with  two 
heads  of  the  field,  in  the  sinister  chief  point  a  pellet.  Cre*t 
— An  eagle  displ.  with  two  heads  per  pale  ar.  and  sa.  the 
dexter  wing  charged  with  a  pellet,  and  the  sinister  with  a 
plate.     Motto — Nee  timeo  nee  sperno. 

"Rrovme  (Hawkins-Browne,  Badger,  co.  Salop).  Quarterly, 
1st  and  4th  erm.  on  a  fesse  embattled,  counter-embattled  sa. 
three  escallops  erm.,  for  Browne  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  or,  on  a 
chev.  betw.  three  cinquefoils  az.  as  many  escallops  of  the 
field  on  a  chief  per  pale  gu.  and  sa.  a  griffin  passant  erm. 
CreiA — ()n  a  mural  coronet  a  stork's  head  erased  erm. 
charged  with  an  escallop  az.    Motto— Wer^ita  atqae  decens. 

Browne  (page  133).  The  correct  blazon  of  the  arms  granted, 
L815,  to  Major  Gen.  Sir  George  Sackville  Browne,  K.C.B., 
is  gu.  a  chev.  betw.  three  lions'  gambs  erect  and  erased  or, 
on  a  chief  crenell^e  ar.  an  eagle  displ.  sa. 

Bruoe  (Hovell-Thorlow-Cdmmino-Bbccb,  Baron,  Thurlow, 
p.  1013.  Thomas  John,  ■'ith  Lord  Thurlow,  assumed  the 
additional  surnames  of  Cumhing  and  Bruce,  and  had  the 
following  arms  exemplitied  under  royal  warrant,  of  August, 
1874).  l^uarterly,  1st,  Bruce,  or,  a  saltire,  gu.  on  a  chief 
of  the  laKt,  in  sinister  canton  a  mullet  of  the  first,  charged 
with  a  crescent  of  the  second;  2nd,  Ccmminc,  az.,  three 
RHrbsor;  3rd.  Thurlow,  ar.  on  a  chev.   cottised  sa.   three 


BUG 


SUPPLEMENT. 


C  AF 


portcullises,  with  chains  and  rings  of  the  Brst;  4th,  Hovell, 
or,  a  cross  sa.  Crests— I.  Bruce.  On  a  cap  of  maintenance 
ppr.  a  dexter  arm  in  armour  from  the  shoulder,  resting  on 
the  elbow,  also  ppr.  the  hand  holding  a  sceptre  erect  or, 
Motto  over,  "  Fuimus."  2.  Cdmmino.  A  lion  ramp,  or, 
holding  in  the  dexter  forepaw  a  dagger  ppr.  Motto  over, 
"Courage."'  3.  Thcri-ow.  A  rav»n  ppr.  gorged  with  a 
chain,  and  pendent  a  portcullis  ar.  Motto  over,  "  Justitiae 
soror  fides."  4.  Hovell.  A  greyhound  couchant  or, 
collared  and  line  reflexed  over  the  back  sa.  Motto  over, 
"Quo  fata  vocant."  Supporters — On  either  side  a  greyhound 
or,  collared  and  lined  reflexed  over  the  back  sa. 
Suchanan  (Dunburgh,  CO.  Stirling,  bart.,  created  14  Dec. 
1878).  Or,  a  lion  ramp.  sa.  betw.  two  otters'  heads  erased 
in  chief  ppr.,  and  a  cinquefoil  in  base  of  the  second,  all 
within  the  Royal  tressure  of  the  last.  Crest — An  armed 
dexter  hand  holding  a  cap  of  dignity  purpure,  facing  erm. 
Supporters — Dexter  a  falcon,  wings  elevated  and  addorsed, 
ppr.  belled,  beaked,  and  charged  on  the  breast  with  two 
branches  of  laurel  conjoined  or;  sinister  a  gryphon  sa. 
charged  in  Uke  manner  with  two  branches  of  laurel.  Motto 
— Nunquam  victus. 
Buchanan  (W'alden,  Kent ;  Claud  Alexander  Francis 
John  Buchanan,  Esq.  (see  Buchanan  of  Drempellier, 
p.  140). 
Buchanan  (Grat-Bcchanan,  of  Scotstoun  and  Eastfield 
CO.  Lanark).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  or,  a  lion  ramp.  sa. 
holding  in  his  dexter  paw  a  dagger  ppr.  a  tressure  flory 
counterflory  of  the  second,  for  Buchanan;  2nd  and  3rd, 
gu.  a  lion  ramp.  betw.  three  cinquefoils  ar.  within  a  bordure 
engr.  of  the  second,  the  lion  charged  with  a  crescent  of  the 
first  for  diff.,  for  Gray.  Crests — Dexter,  two  hands  grasp- 
ing a  two-handed  sword  ppr.,  for  Buchanan;  sinister,  an 
anchor  in  the  sea  ppr.  for  Gbat.  Mottoes — Clariora 
sequor;  and  Fast. 
Buckler  (Charles  Alban  Buckler,  Esq.,  Surrey  Herald 
Extraordinarii.  Same  as  Buckler,  of  Causeway.  Visit. 
Dorset,  1565  and  1623,  M.S.  Norfolk,  14  Coll.  of  Arms). 
Sa.  on  a  fesse  betw.  three  dragons'  heads  erased  or,  as  many 
estoiles  of  eight  points  of  the  field.  Crest — A  dragon's  head 
coupeed  sa.  guttee  d'or,  collared  with  two  bars  gemelles 
gold.  Motto — Fidelis usque  ad  mortem. 
Budgett  (Ja  MEs  Smith  Budgett,  Esq.,  of  Stoke  Park,  Surrey). 
Az.  on  a  cross  invected  or,  betw.  (our  water  bougets  of  the 
last  an  escallop  betw.  as  many  horseshoes  of  the  1st.  Crest — 
In  front  of  two  palmers'  staves  in  saltire  or,  a  water  bouget 
az. 
Bunbury  (McClintock-Bcsbckt,  Baron  RatMonnell,  page 
6.'i6).  The  arms  of  Thomas-Kane,  2nd  Lord  Kidhilonnelt, 
are:  Quarterly,  Ist  and  4th,  ar.  on  a  bend  sa.  three  chess 
rooks  of  the  field,  for  BrNBURT;  2nd  and  3rd,  per  pale  gu.  and 
az.  a  chev.  erm.  betw.  three  escallops  ar.,for  McClintock. 
Crests — 1st,  two  swords  in  saltire  ar.  hilted  gold,  pierced 
through  a  leopard's  face  or,  Bunbury  ;  2nd,  a  lion  passant 
ppr.  McClintock.  Supporttrs — Dexter  a  lion,  and  sinister 
a  leopard,  both  ppr.  each  gorged  with  a  collar  erm.  and  each 
charged  on  the  shoulder  with  an  escallop  ar.  Mottoes — Vis 
unita  fortoir,  Bcnburt  ;  Virtute  et  labore,  McClintock. 

Burdett-Coutts.    See  Babtlett-Burdett-Coutts. 

Burnyeat  (Millgrove,  co.  Cumberland).  Per  pale  or  and 
az.  on  a  chev.  betw.  three  bears'  heads  couped  two  quatre- 
foils,  all  counterchanged.  Crests — Issuant  from  flames  ppr. 
a  bear's  head  per  pale  or  and  az.  gorged  with  a  collar  flory 
countertlory  counterchanged. 

BurrO'WS  (Sydenham,  Oxfordshire ;  Rev.  Henry  William 
Bcbbows,  B.D.,  Canon  of  Rochester  Cathedral,  son  of  Lieut. - 
Gen.  Montagu  Burrows,  by  Mary  Anne,  his  wife,  dau.  of 
Capt.  Joseph  Larcom,  R.N.,  Resident  Naval  Commissioner 
at  Malta,  and  sister  of  Major-Gen.  Right  Hon.  Sir  Thomas 
Askew  Laecom,  Bart.,  K.C.B.,  Under-Secretary  of  State  for 
Ireland).  Az.  a  sword  in  pale  point  upwards  ppr.  pommel 
and  hilt  or,  betw.  three  fleurs-de-lis  erm.  Crest — Betw.  two 
fleurs-de-lis  erminois  an  eagle,  wings  elevated  and  addorsed 
ppr.  ducally  gorged  and  charged  on  the  breast  with  a  cinque- 
foil or.    Motto — Together. 

Burton  (William  Schoolcroft  Burton,  Esq.,  of  Fogga- 
thorpe,  in  the  parish  of  Biibwith,  in  the  East  Riding  of  the 
CO.  York,  of  Childrey,  co.  Berks,  and  of  Walton  Hall,  in  the 
parish  of  Walton,  co.  Bucks,  J.P  for  the  cos.  Bedford  and 
Bucks,  High  .Sheriff,  la77).  Per  pale  indented  az.  and  sa.  six 
fleurs-de-lis,  three,  two,  and  one,  each  within  an  annulet  ar. 
Crest— In  front  of  two  arms  embowed  in  armour,  the  hands 
ppr.  holding  a  fleur-de-lis  ar.  six  annulets  interlaced  fesse- 
wise  also  ar.     Mo"o — Sans  changer. 


Bury  (HowARD-BuRT,  Charleville  Forest,  King's  co.  ex- 
emplified to  Kenneth  Howard  Bury,  Esq.,  Capt.  R.A., 
nephew  of  the  17th  Earl  of  Suffolk,  and  Lady  Emily  Alfreda 
Julia,  his  wife,  dau.  of  Charles  William  George,  3rd  Earl 
of  Charleville,  and  sister  and  co-heir  of  Charles  William 
Francis,  4th  Earl  of  Charleville,  on  his  assuming,  by  royal 
licence,  14  Dec,  1881,  the  additional  surname  and  arms  of 
Bury).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  vert,  a  cross  crosslel  or,  a 
canton  ar,  (or  diff..  for  Bury  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  gu.  on  a  bend 
betw.  six  cross  crosslets  fitche^  arg.  an  escutcheon  or, 
charged  with  a  demi  lion  ramp,  pierced  through  the  mouth 
by  an  arrow,  within  a  double  tressure  flory,  counterflory  of 
the  first  a  crescent  sa.  for  diff.,  for  Howard.  Crests — Ist, 
Bury  :  A  boar's  head  couped  at  the  neck  or,  tusked  ar. 
langued  gu.  transfixed  through  the  neck  by  a  spear  ppr.  and 
charged  for  diff.  with  a  cross  crosslet  vert;  2nd,  Howard: 
On  a  chapeau  gu.  turned  up  erm.  a  lion  statant  guard 
tail  extended  or,  ducally  gorged  ar.  and  charged  on  the 
body  with  a  crescent  also  gu.  for  diff.  Mottoes— Vnier 
the  arms,  Virtus  sub  cruce  crescit;  over  the  2nd  crest, 
Nous  maintiendrons. 

Bury  (Accountants'  Institute  of).  Quarterly,  ar.  and  az.  a 
cross  parted  and  fretty,  counterchanged  betw.  an  anvil  sa. 
in  the  first  quarter  a  fleece  or,  in  the  second  two  shuttles  in 
saltire,  threads  pendent  ppr.  in  the  third,  and  three  culms 
of  the  papyrus  plant  issuing  from  a  mount  also  ppr.  in  the 
fourth.  Crest — Upon  a  mount  a  bee  volant  betw.  two 
flowers  of  the  cotton  tree  slipped  all  ppr.  Jl/o£to— Vincit 
omnia  industria. 

Butler  (exemplified  18  June,  1878,  to  John  Piers  Butler, 
only  surviving  child  of  John  Kilkelly,  46,  Upper  Mount 
Street,  in  the  city  of  Dublin,  LL.D.,  by  Maria  Elizabeth, 
his  wife,  deceased,  only  dau.  and  eventual  heiress  of  William 
Butler,  Esq.,  of  Rathilig,  in  the  Queen's  co.,  who  was 
second  surviving  son  of  Edmund  Theobald  Mandeville 
Butler,  Esq.,  of  E.  T.  M.  Ville,  and  next  brother  of  Garret 
Butler,  Esq.,  of  E.  T.  M.  Ville,  and  of  Garrendenny  Castle, 
Queen's  co.,  who  was  declared,  29  June,  18'28,  by  the  Law 
Officers  of  the  Crown  in  Ireland  to  be  the  next  heir  male 
of  the  body  of  Sir  Edward  Butler,  Knt.,  created  Viscount 
Galmoye,  in  the  peerage  of  Ireland,  by  patent  dated  16  May, 
1646).  Quarterly,  1st,  or,  a  chief  indented  az.;  '^Jud,  gu. 
three  covered  cups  or;  3rd,  ar.  a  lion  ramp.  gu.  armed  and 
langued  az.on  a  chief  of  the  second  a  swan  of  the  first,  betw. 
two  annulets  or  ;  4th,  erm.  a  saltire  gu. ;  the  whole  within  a 
bordure  engr.  vert.  Urest—\  falcon  displ.  ppr.  rising  out 
of  a  plume  of  five  ostrich  feathers  ar.  Motto — Comme  je 
trouve. 

Butler  (Garryhunden,  co.  Carlow,  Bart.,  p.  153).  The 
proper  designation  of  this  Baronetcy  is  "of  Cloughgrenan." 
The  correct  arms  as  recorded  in  the  impalement  on  the 
funeral  certificate  of  Sir  John  Wilson,  Bart.,  of  Wilsonsfort, 
1636,  whose  wife,  Mrs.  Martha,  dau.  of  Sib  Thomas  Butler, 
1st  Bart,  of  Cloughgrenan,  are  Or,  a  chief  indented  az.  all 
within  a  border  also  indented  erm. 

Byng:  (Cra.nmer-Btng;  Quendon  Hall,  Essex,  exemplified  to 
Lieut.-Col.  Alfred  Moltneux  Cranmer-Byng,  late  Grenadier 
Guards,  eldest  son  of  Henry  Byng,  Esq.,  of  Quendon  Hall, 
by  Mary  Anne,  his  wife  (a  descendant  of  Archbishop  Cran- 
mer),  only  child  of  William  Webb,  Esq.,  of  the  Views, 
Essex.  Col.  Cranmer-Byng  is  grandson  of  Vice-Admiral 
Hon.  Henry  Dilkes  Byng,  4th  son  of  John,  5th  Viscount 
Torrington,  and,  assumed,  by  royal  licence,  dated  1  Feb. 
1882,  the  prefix  surname  of  Cranmer,  and  the  arms  of 
Cranmer  quartered  with  the  arms  of  Byng,  in  compliance 
with  the  testamentary  injunction  of  his  aunt,  AnneCranmeb, 
of  Quendon  Hall  aforesaid).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  Byno, 
quarterly  sa.  and  ar.  in  the  first  quarter  a  lion  ramp,  of  the 
second,  2nd  and  3rd,  Cranmer,  ar.  on  a  chev.  purpure  betw. 
three  pelicans  az.  vulning  themselves  ppr.  as  many  cinque- 
foils or.  Crests — 1st,  Byno:  An  heraldic  antelope,  passant 
erm.  horned,  tusked,  maned,  and  hoofed  or;  2nd, Cranmer: 
A  crane's  head,  erm.  erased  gu.  pierced  through  the  neck 
by  an  arrow  in  bend  sinister  or,  barbed  and  flighted  ar. 
Motto — Tuebor, 


CAFE  (CO.  Somerset ;  spelt  "  Caffe,"  1565,  and  "  Cafe,"  1594 . 
See  Caffe,  Reitstap's  General  Armorial  of  Noble  and  Patrician 
Families  of  Europe).  Quarterly,  gu.  and  az.  a  cross  betw. 
in  the  first  and  fourth  quarters  a  sword  erect  point  down 
wards,  and  in  the  second  and  third  a  Saracen's  head  couped, 
all  ar.     Crest — In  front  of  a  sword  erect,  point  downwards, 


CAI 


SUPPLEMENT. 


OAS 


«r,  hHt  and  pomel  or,  an  «9catch€on  ar.  charged  with  a 
Saracen's  head,  as  in  the  arms.    iVfo«o— Coup  sur  coup. 

Cairns  {Earl  Caims).  Gxx.  three  martlets  ar.  within  ahordure 
of  the  last  charged  with  as  many  trefoils  slipped  vert.  Crest — 
A  martlet  ar.  charged  with  a  trefoil  slipped  vert.  Sapporters 
— Two  hawks,  wings  expanded  ppr.  collared,  belled,  and 
chained  or,  each  holding  in  the  beak  a  trefoil  slipped  vert. 
3/o»o— Effloresco. 

Caltborpe  (Hickling  Hall,  CO.  Norfolk,  and  Banwell,  co. 
Somerset;  Martin  Calthowe,  of  Hickling  Hall,  and 
RicaARD  Calthobpe,  of  Banwell,  sous  of  Sir  Martin 
Calthobpe,  Lord  Mayor  of  London  1688.  Visit.  .Somerset, 
1623).  Chequy  or  and  ae,  a  fesse  erm.  quartering,  1st,  gu. 
on  a  chief  ar.  two  mullets  sa.  ;  2nd,  az.  three  grifhns  pass. 
in  pale  ar.;  3rfl,  az,  a  fesse  betw,  six  crosses  crosslet  or ;  4th, 
ar.  a  lion  ramp,  ea.  a  crescent  for  dill. 

Calthrop  (Holi.wat-Cai.th«op,  Stanhoe  Hall,  co.  Norfolk; 
exemplified  to  Henry  Calthrop  Hollwat-Calthbop,  Esq., 
eldest  son  of  James  Hollwat,  Esq.,  of  Stanhoe,  by  Mary 
Esther,  his  wife,  only  dau.  and  heiress  of  John  Calthrop, 
Esq.,  of  Stanhoe,  upon  his  assuming  by  royal  licence,  1878, 
the  additional  surname  of  Calthrop,  in  compliance  with  the 
will  of  his  maternal  grandfather).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4tli, 
chequy,  or  and  at.  on  a  fesse  nebulee  erm.  betw.  two  cotises 
of  the  last  a  rose  gu.  betw.  two  caltraps  of  the  second,  for 
Oalthbop  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  gu.  on  a  fesse  betw.  in  chief  three 
crescents  and  in  base  another  all  or,  three  pallets  sa.,  for 
Hollwat,  Cmti — 1st,  Calthrop  :  In  front  ot  a  boar's  liead 
couped  at  the  neck  az.  collared  gemel  or,  three  annulets 
interlaced  gold ;  2nd,  Hollwat  :  A  goat's  head  couped  ar. 
tem^e  of  crescents  and  holding  in  the  moiith  two  trefoils 
slipped  all  gu.     il/of(o— Quaerere  verum. 

Cazamell  (Charles  Cammell,  Esq.,  J. P.,  of  Norton  Hall 
and  Brookfield  Manor,  Hatliersage,  co.  Derby,  and  Ditcham 
Park,  CO.  Southampton,  and  co.  Sussex).  Sa.  on  a  chev.  ar. 
ootised  or,  betw.  three  camels  statantof  the  second,  as  many 
trefoils  slipped  of  the  first.  Crest — A  camel's  head  erased 
ar.  gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  Ra.  holding  in  the  mouth  a 
trefoil  as  in  the  arms.     Motto — Perseverando. 

Campbell  (Blythswood,  co.  Renfrew,  Bart.  ;  created  4  May, 
HJbO.  Quarterly,  Island  4th  gyronny  of  eight  or  and  sa. 
eai;h  charged  with  a  trefoil  slipped  counterchanged  ;  2nd 
and  3rd,  ar.  alymphad  sa.  Crest — A  lymphad  as  in  the  arms. 
ilvtlo — Vincit  labor. 

Campbell  (McIvob-Campbell,  Asknish,  co.  Argyll,  1884). 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  counterquartercd,  1st  and  4th, 
gyronny  of  eight  or  and  sa. ;  2nd,  ar.  a  dexter  hand  couped 
in  fess  grasping  a  dagger  in  pale  gu.  ;  3rd,  ar.  a  galley,  sails 
furled  and  oars  in  action  flagged  sa. ;  2nd  and  3rd,  quarterly, 
or,  and  gu.  a  bend  ea.  Crust— X  boar's  head  couped  or. 
Motto — Nunquam  obliviscar. 

Campbell-Orde,  Bart.    See  Oede. 

Canada,  Dominion  of.  Quarterly,  Ontario,  Quebec, 
Nova  Scotia,  and  New  Bbcnswick. 

Oktabio,  Province  of.     'Vert  a  sprig  of  three  leaves  of 
maple  slipped  or,  on  a  chief  aig.  the  cross  of  St.  George. 

QcEBEC,  Province  of.  Or,  on  a  fesse  gu.  betw.  two 
fleur-de-lis  in  chief  az.  and  a  sprig  of  three  leaves  of 
maple  slipped  vert  in  base  a  lion  pass,  guard,  or. 

Nova  Scotia,  Province  of.  Or,  on  a  fesse  wavy  az.  betw. 
three  thistles  ppr.  a  salmon  naiaut  arg. 

New  Brunswick  Province  of.  Or,  on  waves  a  lymiihad 
(or  ancient  galley)  with  oars  in  action,  ppr.  on  a  chief 
gu.  a  lion  pass,  guard,  or. 

Cantrill  (Wokingham  and  Woodley,  co.  Berks,  Hcmphby 
Cantbill,  of  Wokingham,  h.  I62o,  son  of  Humphby  Cantrill, 
of  same,  and  grandson  of  Humphry  Cantbill,  of  Woodley. 
Visit.  Berks,  16G4-6).  Ar.  a  pelican  in  her  piety  ,sa.  Crest — 
A  tower  ar. 

Capel  (Swanwlck,  co.  Somerset;  Edward  Capel,  of  Swan- 
wick,  Ump.  James  I.,  second  Bon  of  Henby  Capel,  Esq.,  of 
Reines,  co.  Essex.  Visit.  .Somerset.  1623).  (Jii.  a  lion  ramp, 
betw.  ihiee  crosses  crosslet  or,  a  crescent  for  diff.  C«.<«— A 
deml  lion  ramp,  holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a  cross  crosslet 
flUihec. 

Cappel  (Uev.  LonsCAppEL,  I). I).,  Minister  of  the  fJerman 
Lutheran  Church,  in  Little  Alie  Street,  Whitechapel).  Az. 
two  palmers'  staves  saltirewiso  or,  on  a  chief  of  the  last  as 
many  Catherine  wheels  of  the  first.  Crest — In  front  of  a 
palmer's  staff  erect  a  Catherine  wheel  or,  betw.  two  wiogs 
az.  gatt^  d'or. 


Caradoc  Vreichflras  (Prince  of  Brecon).  Sa.  a  cher. 
betw.  three  spears  heads  ar.  points  upwards,  embrned  ppr. 

Carbon  (page  158).    This  name  is  a  misprint  for  Cabron. 

Carlile  (Ponsbourne  Park,  co.  Hertford,  late  Scotland).  Or, 
a  cross  flory  gu.  on  a  chief  of  the  second,  a  saltier  of  the 
first,  the  cross  charged  in  the  centre  with  a  crescent,  also  of 
the  first  for  diff.  Crest — Two  dragons'  heads  addorsee  Tert. 
JV/o«o— Humilitate. 

Carlisle  (William  Thomas  Carlisle,  Esq.,  Lincoln's  Inn, 
London).  Ar.  on  a  chev.  engr.  sa.  betw.  four  Cornish 
choughs,  three  in  chief  and  one  in  base  ppr.  three  mullets 
of  eight  points  or.  Crest — In  front  of  a  blackamoor's  head 
in  profile  couped  at  the  shoulders  ppr.  wreathed  about  the 
temples  ar.  and  gu.  two  mullets  of  eight  points  or. 

Carlo'W,  To'wm  of  (co.  Carlow).  Ar.  a  castle  triple 
towered  ppr.  on  the  centre  tower  a  staff,  thereon  a  flag  per 
pale  or,  and  vert  charged  with  a  lion  ramp.  gu. 

Carring'ton  (Thomas  Carbinoton,  Esq.,  of  Field  Head, 
Sheffield).  Ar.  on  a  bend  az.  cotised  sa.  betw.  two  horseshoes 
of  the  second,  a  unicorn's  head  erased  or,  betw.  two  bezants. 
Crest — Three  horseshoes  or,  thereon  a  unicorn's  head  erased 
sa. 

Carroll  (granted  by  Molyneux,  Ulster,  16  Nov.  1609,  to 
Alderman  Thomas  Carroll,  of  the  city  of  Dublin,  and  to 
his  son.  Sir  James  Carroll,  Knt.,  Chief  Eemembrancer  of 
the  Exchequer).  Sa.  a  sword  erect  supported  by  two  lions 
ramp.  or.  Crest — The  stump  of  an  oak  couped  thereon  a 
falcon  close  ppr.  belled  or,  fesse  gu. 

Carruthers  (Mitchell  -  Cabbdthers,  Scotland,  1876). 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  gu.  two  chevronels,  engr.  betw. 
three  fleurs-de-lis,  or,  for  Cabbuthers;  2nd  and  3rd,  sa.  a 
fesse  counter-embattled  betw.  three  mascles  or,  for  Mitchell. 
Crest — Dexter,  Cabruthebs  :  a  cherub's  head  ppr.;  sinister, 
Mitchell:  St.  Michael  in  armour,  holdmg  a  spear  in  hia 
right  hand,  face,  neck,  arms  and  legs  bare,  all  ppr.  wings 
ar.  and  hair  auburn.  Mottoes — Promptus  et  fldelis,  and 
Virtute  cresco. 

Carson  (Accarsane,  Capetown,  Cape  of  Good  Hope,  1883). 
Az.  a  fess  or,  betw.  three  mascles  in  chief,  and  a  crescent  ia 
base  ar.  Crest — A  dextei  hand  ppr.  holding  a  crescent  ar. 
Motto — Teneo  et  credo. 

Carter  (CoUe'^tion  of  Molyneux,  Ulster,  1597  1632).  Ar.  a 
cress  lozengy  gu.  betw.  four  quatreloils  vert  on  a  chief  sa. 
three  plates.  Crest — A  demi  lion  ramp.  sa.  holding  betw.  the 
paws  a  cross  lozengy  gu.  each  lozenge  charged  with  a 
plate. 

Cartier  (Geobge  Etienne  Cartier,  Esq.,  of  Montreal). 
Per  fesse  gu.  and  or,  a  fesse  of  the  last  in  chief  an  Ermine  ppr. 
and  in  base  five  pallets  of  the  first.  Crest— An  anchor  in 
bend  sinister  sa.  cable  ppr.  pendent  therefrom  by  a  gold 
chain  an  escochcon  gu.  charged  with  a  fleur-de-lis  or.  Motto 
— "  Franc  et  sans  dol." 

Case  (Red  Hazlcs,  Huyton  and  Whiston,  co.  Lancaster; 
Thomas  Case,  Esq.,  of  Huyton  and  Whiston,  quartering 
Oole  and  Clayton  ;  his  great-great-grandfather,  John  Case, 
Esq.,  of  Red  llazles,  Huyton,  having  m.  Elizabeth,  dau. 
and  heir  of  Edward  Dole,  Esq.,  and  his  great-grandfather, 
Thomas  Case,  Esq.,  of  Red  Hazles,  having  m.  Margaret, 
dau.  and  heiress  of  William  Clayton,  Esq.,  of  Fulwood). 
Ar.  on  a  bend  engr.  gu.  cottlsed  sa.  three  round  buckles  or, 
quartering  Ogle,  ar.  a  fess  betw.  three  crescents  gu.,  and 
Clayton,  ar.  a  cross  engr.  sa.  betw.  four  torteaux.  Crest — 
A  cubit  arm  habited  erm.  cuff  az.  holding  in  the  hand  ppr. 
a  round  buckle  or.  Motto — Distantia  jungit.  These  arms 
were  confirmed  and  a  crest  granted  to  Thomas  Case,  of 
West  Chester,  gentleman,  by  Seger,  Norroy,  21  Dec.  41 
Queen  Elizabeth, 

Casey  (Caroline,  wife  of  Robert  Claddb  Smith,  Esq., 
of  Rcdcliff  Tower  and  Hawkmoor,  co.  Devon,  formerly 
Lieutenant  in  the  Bombay  Light  Cavalry,  widow  of 
Thomas  Karquhar,  Esq.,  of  the  Bengal  Artillery  (who  was 
killed  at  Delhi),  and  dau.  of  John  Casey,  of  Calcutta, 
merchant,  a  native  of  Ireland).  Gu.  a  chev.  betw.  three 
greyhounds  sejant  ar. 

Oashel,  City  of  (co.  Tipperary).  Vert  a  castle  triple 
towered  ar.  on  the  centre  tower  a  double  tongued  pennant 
on  a  HtalT  or. 

Casley  (originally  De  Cuabtklai,  of  France,  at  now  borne 
by  Casley,  of  Ipswich  and  Newcustle-on-Tyne).  Gu.  a  castle 
with  two  towers  or  embattled  and  masoned  sa.  Cretl — A 
linn  ramp.  ppr.  langued  and  armed  gu.  Motto— ^lalo  niort 
quam  foedari. 


CAS 


SUPPLEMENT. 


CL  A 


Cassels  (EdiDburgh,  1877).  Ar.  a  chey.  gu.  betw.  two 
cross  crossleU  fitchee  in  chief  and  a  lion's  head  erased  in 
base  ga.  Crttt — A  dolphin  naiant  embowed  or.  Motto — 
Avise  la  fin. 

Caswall  (CO.  Wilts).  Ar.  six  barrulets  sa.  Crext—A 
dexter  arm  couped  below  the  shoulder  in  mail  armour  hold- 
ing in  the  hand  all  ppr.  a  cross  crosslet  fitchee  or.  Motto — 
Kon  multa  sed  niultum. 

Cawnpy  (P.  179).    This  is  a  misprint  for  Cawpnt. 

Cawthra  (Henry  Cawthsa,  Esq.,  of  the  City  of  Toronto, 
Canada).  Or  on  a  chevron  az.  betw.  three  hurts  each 
charged  with  a  boar's  head  couped  of  the  first  two  arrows 
chevronwise,  the  points  upwards  also  or.  Crest — Upon  a 
quiver  fessewise  filled  with  arrows  or,  a  boar's  head  couped 
az.  holding  in  the  mouth  two  arrows  saltirewise  the  points 
resting  on  the  quiver  also  or. 

Cazalet  (Fairlawn,  Tunbridge,  Kent  :  Edwabd  Cazalet, 
Esq.,  J. P.,  D.L.,  Lord  of  the  Manor  of  Shipbome,  son  of 
Peteb  Clement  Cazalet,  of  Brighton).  Az.  a  castle  triple 
towered  ar.  betw.  two  fleurs-de-lis  in  chief  and  a  boar  passant 
in  base  or.  Creat — A  casque,  in  front  thereof  a  tilting  spear 
fessewise  all  ppr. 

Cbalke  (Long  Ashton,  Westbury,  and  Yatton,  co.  Somerset, 
Avington,  co.  Berks,  and  Shelbome,  co.  Wilts ;  Sir  Alex- 
andek  Cualke,  Knt.,  of  Shelborne,  son  of  Fb»ncis  Chalke, 
Esq.,  of  Yatton,  and  grandson  of  Richard  Chalre,  of 
AWngton,  who  was  son  of  Alexandeh  Chalke  of  Westbury, 
the  son  of  John  Chalke,  of  Long  Ashton,  and  grandson  of 
Sir  KicHAKD  Chalke,  Chief  Justice  of  the  Common  Pleas, 
1462.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Sa.  three  bars  ar.  quartering 
Ist,  ar.  three  cinquefoils  per  pale  gu,  and  az.  ;  2nd  ar.  a 
chev.  sa.  betw.  three  lions  dormant  gu.,  for  Lyons;  3rd,  ar. 
crusilly  az.  three  fleur-de-lis  sa.,  for  Bebesfobd,  Crest — 
Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a  demi  swan  rising  ar.  crested 

Clialztiers  (Sir  David  Patbick  Chalmebs,  H.M.  Advocate  for 
Gold  Coast,  1876,  Chief  Justice  of  British  Guiana,  1878). 
Ar.  a  demi  lion  sa.  issuant  from  a  fesse  gu.  charged  with 
two  bells  of  the  first,  in  base  a  flenr-de-lis  of  the  third.  Crest 
— An  eagle  rising  reguardant  ppr.  Motto — Spero. 

Chambers  (Clough  House,  co.  York ;  descended  from 
Chambebs,  of  Cleadon,  co.  Durham ;  now  represented  by 
Geoboe  Wilton  Chambebs,  Esq..  of  Clough,  J. P.,  grdndson 
of  Sir  Bobebt  Chambers,  Chief  Justice  of  Bombay).  Gu, 
on  a  chev.  betw.  three  cinquefoils  or,  as  many  eastern  crowns 
az.  (confirmed  1835),  Crest — On  a  mount  vert  a  bear  passant 
ppr.  muzzled  and  gorged  with  an  eastern  crown  or.  from 
the  muzzle  a  chain  pendent  and  reflexed  over  the  back 
gold. 

Chambers  (The  Hurst,  Alfreton,  co.  Derby;  John  Cham- 
bebs, Esq.,  of  The  Hurs;,  m.  Anne,  dau.  of  Capt.  John 
Platt,  K.X.,  of  Hatfield,  co.  York,  and  had  an  only  son, 
John  Edmund  Fbedebick  Chambebs,  Esq.,  of  The  Hurst). 
Ar.  on  a  fesse  engr.  sa.,  three  cinquefoils  or,  in  chief  two 
squirrels  sejant  ppr. 

Chambers  (Sir  Geobge  Henby  Chambebs,  Knt.).  Erm. 
two  chevronels  sa.  betw.  in  chief  as  many  chambers,  placed 
transverse,  fired  ppr.  and  in  base  an  antique  galley  of  the 
second.  Crest — In  front  of  an  ass's  head  erased  sa.  collared 
gemel,  an  anchor  fessewise  or. 

Champnes  (Orchardleigh,  co.  Somerset ;  John  Champnes, 
<e»ip.  James  I.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623,  states  "This  cuaie 
hath  continued  this  100  years  in  his  parlour  window "). 
Per  pale  sa.  and  ar.  a  lion  ramp.  gu. 

Chapman  (Frewen  Hall,  co.  Oxford,  and  Hill  End,  co. 
Chester  :  John  Chapman,  Esq.  of  Hill  End,  co.  Chester,  and 
Carlecotes,  co.  York,  M.P.,  m.  Anne,  dau.  of  Geobge  Side- 
bottom,  Esq.,  of  Hill  End,  and  d.  1877,  when  he  was  5.  by  his 
eldest  son,  Edwabd  Chapman,  Esq.,  of  Frewen  Hall  and  Hi'l 
End,  Lord  of  the  Manor  of  Hatiersley,  J.P.,  M.A.).  Per  chev. 
or,  and  az.  a  crescent  betw.  three  mullets  pierced,  all 
counterchanged.  Crest — A  stag's  head  erased  sa.  attired  and 
semee  of  crescents  or.     Motto— Crescil  sub  pondere  virtus. 

Oheetham  (Kycroft  House,  Rochdale,  and  Brooklyn,  Hey- 
wood,  both  in  co.  Lancaster).  Ar.  a  griflin  segreant  gu. 
over  all  three  bars  invected  sa.  each  chcrged  with  five 
bezants.  Crest — A  demi  griffin,  wings  adjorsed  gu. 
bezants,  the  mouth  transfixed  by  a  tilting  spear  or,  holding 
betw.  the  claws  a  bezant.     Motto— AA  mortem  fidelis. 

Oheetham.  (JosnrA  Milne  Cheetham,  Esq.,  of  Singleton 
Houce,  Broughton,  Manchester,  J.V.).     Ar.  gutt^  de  sang 


a  cross  parted  and  fretiy  »a.  between,  in  the  first  and  fonrth 
quarters  a  griffin  segreant,  in  the  second  a  fieam,  and  in 
the  third  a  cross  potent  all  of  the  second.  Crest— In  from 
of  a  demi  griffin  segreant,  gu.  resting  the  sinister  claw  on  a 
cross  potent  sa.  a  plate.     J*/o(to— Qaod  tuum  tene. 

Cheke  (Bruton,  CO.  Somerset,  and  London;  John  Cbeke,  of 
Bruton,  Edwabd  Cheke,  of  same  place,  and  Thomas,  of 
London,  temp.  James  I.,  sons  of  Robtbt  Cheke,  of  Bruton, 
by  Elizabeth,  his  wife,  dau.  of  John  Kabvoll,  of  Castle 
Cary.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Eitb.  00  it  chief  sa.  threw 
fusils  or. 

Chinnery-Haldane.     See  Haldane. 

Chorley,  Borough  of.  Or,  on  a  chev.  gn.  three 
escocheons  ar.  each  charged  with  a  blue  bottle  slipped  ami 
leaved  ppr.  on  a  chief  of  the  second,  a  crown  vallary  of  the 
first. 

Churton  (Morannedd,  Byhl,  co.  Flint.  John  Churton,  Esq., 
of  Morannedd,  High  Sheriff  1875,  son  of  William  Chcbton, 
Esq.,  of  Whitchurch,  co.  Salop;.  Erm.  two  chevronels 
gu.  betw.  four  rams'  heads  erased,  three  in  chief  and  one  in 
base  sa.  armed  or.  Crest — Out  of  the  battlements  of  a 
tower  ppr.  a  demi  lion  gu.  gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  or, 
holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a  sword  ppr.  and  resting  the 
sinister  paw  on  an  escocheon  erm.  charged  with  a  rani's 
head  erased  sa.  armed  gold.     Motto — Avaccez. 

Clark  (Thombury,  co.  Gloucester,  London,  and  Wells  and 
Long  Sutton,  co.  Somerset ;  Richabd  Clabk,  of  Long 
Sutton,  son  of  John  Clabk,  of  Wells,  grandson  of  Richard 
Clark,  of  London,  and  great-grandson  of  John  Clabk,  of 
Thornbury.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623.  Arms  granted  by  Cooke, 
Clarenceux,  1576).  Gu.  two  bars  ar.  in  chief  three  cinque- 
foils erm. 

Clark  (Trowbridge,  Wilts,  page  198),  represented  by  Thomas 
Clabk,  Esq.,  J. P.  and  D.L.  for  Wilts,  and  late  major  of  the 
Wilts  volunteers,  of  Bellefield  (not  £eUe>ifield),  Trowbridge, 
and  Cumberwell  {not  Cumberland),  near  Bradford,  co. 
Wilts. 

Clark  (Edinburgh,  1879).  Az.  a  fesse  chequy  ar.  and  sa. 
betw.  two  boars'  heads  couped  in  chief  of  the  second,  and  a 
crescent  in  base  or,  on  a  canton  also  of  the  second  a  chev.  of 
the  third  betw.  three  lions  ramp.  gu.  Crest — A  falcon  rising 
ppr.     Motlo — Honor  et  virtute. 

Clark  (Fbedebick  Clabk,  Esq.,  Great  Cumberland  Place, 
London,  D.L.,  co.  Hereford).  Perpale  or  and  ar.  on  a  bend 
engr.  plain  cotised  gu.  betw.  (our  pellets,  a  rose  betw.  two 
swans  close  of  the  second.  Crest — Upon  the  trunk  of  a  tree 
eradicated  fessewise  sprouting  to  the  dexter  a  lark  risini; 
ppr.  charged  on  the  breast  with  a  rose  gu.  holding  in  the 
beak  three  ears  of  wheat  slipped  or. 

Clarke  (Sir  William  John  Clarke,  Bart.,  of  Bnpertswood, 
Colony  of  Victoria,  created  1882;  this  family  of  Clarke  can 
be  traced  in  the  registries  of  Weston  Zoyland,  Somerset,  as 
far  back  as  the  reign  of  Queen  Elizabeth).  Or  two  bars  az. 
betw.  four  escallops  three  in  chief,  and  one  in  base  gu.  with 
two  flaunches  of  the  second.  Crest — In  front  of  a  dexter 
arm  embowed  in  armour  the  hand  in  a  gauntlet  ppr.  gra-sp- 
ing  an  ari-ow  in  bend  sinister  or,  flighted,  ar.  three  escallops 
also  or.     Motto — Signiun  quserens  in  vellcre. 

Clarke  (Waste  Court,  Abingdon,  co.  Berks  ;  John  Cbeemer 
Clarke,  Esq.,  son  of  Robert  Clabke,  Esq.,  of  St.  Giles-in- 
the-Wood,  CO.  Devon,  by  Gbaciana,  his  wife,  dau.  of  John 
Cbeemeb,  Esq.,  of  Exboume,  co.  Devon.  He  is  J.  P.  for 
Abingdon,  and  chairman  of  the  Abingdon  Railway,  was 
mayor  of  the  borough  1876,  and  elected  its  MP.  1874  and 
1880).  Vert  on  a  bend  ermine  cotised  or,  betw.  three  crosses 
pattfe  ar.  as  many  swans  of  the  third.  Crest — In  front  of  a 
mount  overgrown  with  clover  a  lark  rising  ppr.  charged  on 
the  breast  with  a  cross  pattee  ar.  and  in  the  beak  an  ear  of 
wheat  or. 

Clarkson  (Fbedebick  Scipio  Clabkson,  Esq.,  of  London). 
Ar.  on  abend  betw.  two  trefoils  slipped  sa.  three  lozenges 
of  the  field.  Credit — An  arm  in  armour  couped  below  the 
elt'ow  lying  fessways  ppr.  in  the  hand  a  sword  erect  ar.  hilt 
and  pommel  sa.  from  the  blade  a  pennon  flotant  gu.  Motto 
— "  Ferro  comite." 

Claxton  fKirkton,  co.  Xotts,  and  Bedininster,  co.  Somerset; 
William  Claxton,  of  Bedminster,  tcmii.  James  I.,  son  of 
John  Claxton,  of  Kirkton,  grandson  of  Michael  Claxton, 
and  great-grandson  of  William  Claxton,  Esq.,  a  Justice 
of  the  Peace  for  the  co.  York.  Visit.  Somerset  1623).  Gu. 
on  a  lessc  betw.  three  hedgehogs  ar.  a  crescent  for  diff. 


CLA 


SUPPLEMENT. 


CON 


Oiayton  (KMt  Cliff,  co.  Lincoln;  Nathaniel  Ci^ttos, 
Esq.).  Quarterly,  or  anrt  ar.  on  a  crosa  nebulae  aa.  betw. 
four  pellets  a  fescee  feasewise  of  the  first.  Crest— Upon  the 
battlements  of  a  tower  a  lion's  jamb  erect  and  erased  ppr. 
grasping  a  pellet,  encircled  by  a  wreath  of  oak  vert. 

Olennell   (Clennell,  co.  Northumberland).      Az.   a  dexter 
arm  ppr.  issuing  from  a  cuff  ar.  in  the  sinister  of  the  shield, 
the  hand  grasping  a  b&ton  or.    The  Clennelu,  an  ancient 
family,  long  seated  at  Clennell  (now  the  property  of  their 
descendant,  Anthony  Wilkinson,  Esq.,  of  Clennell  and  of 
Sheraton,  co.  Durham),  appear  in  the  Visit.  Northumber- 
land, 1615,  but  no  arms  are  given,  and  the  earliest  official 
record  of  this  bearing  is  in  a  grant  thereof,  6  August,  1796, 
to    Thomas    Fenwick,  afterwards  Clennell,   Esq.,   great- 
nephew  and  heir  of  Percival  Clennell,  of  Harbottle  Castle, 
Northumberland,  who,  by  royal  licence,  assumed  the  name 
of  Clennell  31  March  same  year. 
Clifford  (Boscombe,  co.  Wilts,  Edwakd  Cuffobd,  of  Bos- 
combe,  temp.  Queen  Elizabeth,  son  of  Henry  Clifford,  of 
Boscombe,  temp.  Henry  VIII.   Visit.  Berks  1664).    Chequey 
or,  and  az.  a  fess  and  canton  gu.     Crest— Out  of  a  ducal 
coronet  or,  a  wyvern  gu. 
Clifford  (Kintbury,  ro.  Berks.    Bicbabd  Clifford  of  Kint- 
bury,  6.  1599.    12th  son  of  Edward  Clifford,  of  Boscombe, 
CO.  Wilts.    Visit.  Berks  1664.    Same  Arms  and  Crest. 
Clopton  (Radbrooke,  co.  Gloucester).     Quarterly,   1st  and 
4th,  gu.  a  bend  or,  betw.  six  pears  erect  ppr.;  2nd  and  3rd, 
Quarterly,  per  fesee  dancett^e  gu.  and  or,  in  the  first  quarter 
a  lion  pass.  ar. 
Clou^h  (Thorpe  Stapleton,  co.  York;  granted  by  St.  George, 
Clarenceux,  10  James   I.,  1612,  borne   by  Edmond  Clodgh, 
Esq.,  of  Thorpe  S  tapleton,  who  m.  Frances,  dau.  of  Sir 
MAnoEE  Vavasocb,  Knt.  of  Weston,  co.  York.     Visit.  York, 
1612).    Sa.  a  fesse  humett^e  erm.  betw.  three  leopards'  faces 
ar.     Crest — A  demi  lion  ramp.  erm.  holding  betw.  the  paws 
a  battle  ase,  handle  sa.  headed  ar. 
Cloash  (Newbald  Hall,  near  Beverley,  and  Clifton  House, 
CO.    York;    borne  by  William  Clough,   Esq.,   of  Clifton 
House,  and  Newbald  Hall,  Brough ;  and  by  his  brother,  the 
Eev.  John  Clough,  M.A.,  Bector  of  Clifton,  co.  Nottingham). 
Arms  and  Crest  as  the  preceding. 
Clowes  (William  Clowes,   Esq.,  51,  Gloucester  Terrace, 
Hyde  Park,  co.  Middlesex,  eldest  son  of  Wiluam  Clowes, 
of  Garratt's  Hall,  co.  Surrey,  and  grandson  of  Willlam 
Clowes,   of  the  city  of  Chichester).    Az.  on  a  chev.  ar. 
betw.  two  unicorn's  heads  erased  in  chief  and  a  lion's  head 
erased  In  base  or,  three  pellets  gu.  each  charged  with  a 
crescent  of  the  second.    Crut — A  demi  lion  vert   ducally 
crowned,  holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a  battle-axe  in  bend 
sinister  or,  and  resting  the  sinister  paw  on  an  escocheon  ar. 
charged  with  a  crescent  az. 
Coc'h.rSLne-'BeiiU.ie,  Baron  Lamington).  Quarterly,  Istand 
4th,  az.  nine  stars  of  six  points  wavy,  three,  three,  two  and 
one,  or,  for  Baillie  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  a  chev.  gu.  betw. 
three  boars'  heads  erased  az  langued  of  the  second,  on  a 
chief  wavy  of  the  third  a  sphinx  couchant  of  the  field,  for 
Cocbbane.     Crest$ — In  the  centre  a  boar's  head  erased  ppr. 
on  the  dexter  side  issuing  out  of  a  naval  crown  or,  a  dexter 
arm  embowed,  vested  az.  cuffed  ar.  the  hand  holding  a  flag- 
staff ppr.  thereon  hoisted  the  flag  of  a  rear-admiral  of  the 
white,  being  ar.  a  cross  gu.  and  thereon  the  words  "St. 
Domingo"  in  letters  of  gold,  and  on  the  sinister  side  a  horse 
trotting,  also  ar.     Supporters — On  either  side  a  boar,  ppr. 
gorged  with  a  dollar  or,  pendent  therefrom  an  escocheon  of 
the  arms  of  Baillee,  viz. :  Az.  nine  estoiles,  three,  three, 
two  and  one,  or.     Motto— (iaid  clarius  astris. 

Oockes  (co.  Somerset;  Walter  Cockes,  temp.  James  I.,  and 
John  Cockm,  of  Haygrave,  sons  of  John  Cokkes,  who  was 
son  of  Thomas  Cokkes,  and  grandson  of  John  Cokkes, 
living  14  Henry  \'1I.,  who  was  seventh  in  descent  from 
Wiluam  de  Chelworth,  living  29  Edward  1.  Visit.  Somer- 
set, 1623).  Ou.  a  spur  with  leather  and  buckle  or,  on  a 
chief  ar.  three  cocks'  heads  erased  of  the  first,  combed,  and 
wattled  of  the  second. 

Oogxin  (Chard,  co.  Somerset;  Philibert  Cogan,  of  Chard, 
b.  1560,  son  of  Thomas  Cooan,  and  grandson  of  Nicholas 
CooAN,  both  of  same  place.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Uu. 
three  leaves  erect  ar. 

Ookayne  ^exemplified  to  Georoe  Edward  Cokayne,  Esq., 
M.A.,  K.S.A.,  of  R^nhwcll,  co.  Northampton,  Norroy  King 
of  Anns,  on  his  ansuming,  by  royal  licence  in  1873,  the  sur- 
Dama  wul  anas  of  Cokaime,  In  complianc*  with  the  testa- 


mentary injunction  of  his  mother,  the  Hon.  Mart  Anhb,  dau. 
of  the  Hon.  William  Cokayne,  niece  and  co-heiress  of 
Borlase,  6th  Viscount  Cullen,  and  widow  of  William  Adams, 
Esq.,  LL.D.,  of  Thorpe,  Surrey).  Ar.  three  cocks  gu. 
beaked,  combed,  wattled,  and  membered  sa.  Oi-est — Acock's 
head  erased  gu.  beaked,  combed,  and  wattled  sa. 
Colborne  (Craton  and  Wj  thehill,  co.  Somerset ;  Visit. 
Somerset,  1623.  Arms  allowed  by  Segar,  Garter).  Ar. 
on  a  chev.  betw.  three  buglehorns  sa.  stringed  or,  aa 
many  mullets  of  the  last.  Crest — Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  or, 
a  stag's  head  ar.  attired  gold. 

Cole  (Nailsea,  co.  Somerset,  Bristol,  and  Wyke,  co. 
Gloucester,  and  Colchester,  co.  Essex;  Visit.  Somerset. 
1623).  Per  pale  or  and  gu.  a  bull  pass,  counter-changed, 
armed  ar.  an  annulet  for  diff. 

Coleman  (Brandon  Parva,  Norfolk  ;  James  Henry  Cole- 
man, Esq.,  of  Napier,  New  Zealand).  Gu.  on  a  pale  or,  betw. 
two  suns  in  splendour  fessewise  of  the  last,  a  lion  ramp,  of 
the  first,  ftest— Upon  a  mount  vert  in  front  of  a  shepherd's 
crook  erect  gu.  a  lamb  grazing  ar.     Motto — Esto  sol  testis. 

Colznan  (Carshalton  Park, Surrey;  Jeremiah  Colman,  Esq. 
of  that  place).  Az.  on  a  pale  rayonn^  or,  guttce  d'eau  hetw, 
two  fleurs-de-lis  of  the  2nd  a  lion  rampt.  betw.  two  annulets 
gu.  Crest — In  front  of  two  wings  arg.  each  charged  with  an 
estoile  az.  a  rock  ppr.  thereon  a  caltrap  or.  Motto — Sat 
cito  si  sat  bene. 

Colman  (Carrow  House,  Norwich  ;  Jeremiah  James  Col- 
man, Esq.,  M.P.  for  thatCity).  Arms  &c.,  same  as  Colman, 
of  Carshalton  Park. 

Colmore  (Colmore,  co.  Dorset.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623). 
Gu.  three  crescents  betw.  eleven  billets,  four,  four,  two,  and 
one,  all  or. 

Coltliurst  (BowEN-CoLTBURST ;  exemplified  to  Robert 
Walter  Travers  Bowen  Colthurst,  Esq.,  of  Oakgrove, 
J. P.  CO.  Cork,  and  Geobgina  de  Belasis  Bowen  Colthurst, 
otherwise  Greer,  his  wife,  upon  their  assuming  by  royal 
licence,  dated  9  Dec.  1882,  the  surname  of  Colthurst  in 
addition  to,  and  after  that  of  Bowen,  in  compliance  with  the 
will  of  Joseph  Colthurst,  Esq.,  of  Dripsey  Castle,  In  the 
same  CO.,  deceased).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  ar.  on  a  fess 
betw.  three  colts  courant  sa.,  as  many  trefoils  slipped  or,  a 
crescent  for  diff.,  for  Colthurst  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  per  pale  az. 
and  gu.  a  stag  trippant  ar.  pierced  in  the  back  with  an  arrow 
and  attired  or,  for  Bowen.  Crests — 1st,  Colthurst:  A  colt 
courant  sa.  charged  on  the  shoulder  with  a  crescent  or ; 
2nd,  Bowen:  On  a  mount  vert  a  falcon  close  ppr.  belled  or. 
Motto — Justum  et  tenacem. 

Com.b  (Norton  Ferrers  and  Tisburie,  co.  Somerset;  William 
Comb,  of  Norton  Ferrers,  temp.  James  I.,  son  of  Edward 
Comb,  of  Tisburie.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Sa.  two  bars 
ar.  betw.  six  bees,  three,  two,  and  one  of  the  last.  Crest— 
A  demi  lion  ramp.  sa.  ducally  gorged  ar. 

Combe  (Cobham  Park,  co.  Surrey ;  descended  from  an  old 
family  in  Hants,  of  which  was  Harvey  Christian  Combe, 
Esq.,  Lord  Mayor  of  London,  1799,  and  for  many  years 
M.P.  for  the  City).  Az.  on  a  pale  erm.  betw.  two  tilting 
spears  erect  or,  three  lions  pass,  palewise  gu.  Crest — 
On  a  mount  vert  a  dexter  arm  embowed  in  armour  ppr. 
garnished  or,  around  the  arm  a  ribbon  tied  gu.  the 
hand  grasping  a  broken  tilting  spear,  also  ppr.,  betw.  two 
flag  staves,  flowing  from  each  a  pennon  gu.  Motto — Nil  ] 
timere  nee  temere. 

Compton  (Marquess  of  Nortftampton,  page  219).  The 
arms  of  William,  4th  Marqaexs  of  Northampton,  who  s.  his 
brother  1877,  are,  Sa.  a  lion  pass,  guardant  or,  betw.  three 
esquires'  helirets  ar.  Crest — On  a  mount,  a  beacon,  fired 
ppr.  behind  it  a  riband,  inscribed  with  the  words.  Nisi 
Dominus.  Supporters  —  Dexter,  a  dragon  erm.  ducally 
gorged  and  chained  or ;  sinister,  a  unicorn  ar.  horned, 
maned,  hoofed,  and  tufted,  sa.    Motto — Je  ne  serche  qu'un. 

Compton  (Sutton  Bingham,  Wigbear,  and  Petherton,  co. 
Somerset;  Thomas  CoMProN,  of  Sutton  Bingham,  and 
Henry  Compton,  of  Wigbear,  temp.  James  I.,  sons  of  James 
Compton,  of  Petherton,  in  1565.  Visit.  Somerset,  1626). 
Sa.  three  helmets  close  ar.  a  border  or,  quartering  1st, 
Trivet:  Ar.  a  trivet  sa.  a  border  of  the  last ;  2nd,  Storkb:  Ar. 
a  stork  sa.  collared  or,  beaked  and  legged  gu.  a  border  erm. 

Conder  (Edward  Conder,  Esq.,  of  Terry  Bank,  Westmor- 
land, and  Elm  Hurst,  Essex).  Ar.  on  a  bend  wavy  az.  betw. 
two  lymphads,  sails  furled,  flags  flying  and  oars  in  aciion  sa., 
an  anchor  entwined  with  a  cable  or.  Crest — In  front  of  a 
lymphad,  as  in  the  arms,  an  anchor  fesswise,  the  flUke  to  the 
dexter  or.    Motto- Je  couduis. 


CON 


SUPPLEMENT. 


00  w 


Conran  (Newtown  House,  co.  Louth,  and  Blacklands, 
Plympton,  St.  Mary,  Devon;  now  borne  by  Wii-uam  Con- 
ban,  Esq.,  of  Blacklands,  and  by  his  three  brothers.  Major 
Henry  Conran,  Col.  Lewis  Conran,  and  Major  Marcell 
Conran,  sons  of  Captain  James  Samoel  Conran,  17th  Light 
Pragoons,  who  was  younger  brother  of  Lieut. -Gen.  Henry 
Lewis  Conran,  Col.  98th  Regt.,  and  son  of  Major  Henry 
Conran  (7th  in  descent  from  Alderman  Philip  Conran, 
Mayor  of  Dublin,  1592),  by  Jane  Mart,  his  wife,  dau.  and 
eventually  sole  heiress  of  Lewis  Marcell,  Esq.,  of  Water- 
ford).  Quarterly,  Ist  and  2nd,  vert  on  a  chev.  betw.  three 
hinds'  heads  erased  ar.  as  many  martlets  of  the  first,  a 
crescent  for  diff.,  for  Conran  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  az.  a  chev.  ar. 
betw.  in  chief  a  dexter  arm  in  fesse  couped  below  the  elbow 
the  hand  grasping  a  dagger,  point  upwards  ppr.  and  in 
base  a  trefoil,  slipped  of  the  second,  for  Marcell  Crest — A 
hind's  head,  as  in  the  arms.     Motto — In  Deo  spes  mea. 

Cooch  (Col.  Charles  Cooch,  retired  list,  Royal  Body  Guard). 
Per  fesse  or  and  gu.  an  eagle  displ.  in  chief  a  crescent  betw. 
two  fleur-de-lis,  and  a  Seur-de-lis  betw.  two  crescents  in  base, 
all  counterchanged.  Crest— kn  eagle  displ.  gu.  charged  on 
each  wing  with  two  crescents  ar.  and  resting  each  claw 
upon  a  fleur-de  lis,  or.     Motto— XA  diem  tendo. 

Cookson  (FiFE-CooKsoN,  Whitehlll,  co.  Durham  ;  exempli- 
fied, 1879,  to  Lieut.-Col.  John  Cookson  Fife-Cookson,  of 
Whitehill  Park,  co.  Durham,  J.P.,  D.L.,  on  his  assuming  by 
royal  licence  the  additional  surname  of  Cookson).  Quarterly, 
Ist  and  4th,  per  pale  ar.  and  gu.  a  pair  betw.  two  legs 
couped  at  the  thigh  in  armour,  all  counterchanged,  for 
Cookson  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  or,  a  lion  ramp.  gu.  guttee  d'or 
betw.  three  thistles  leaved  and  slipped  vert,  for  Fife.  Crest* 
— 1st,  Cookson:  A  demi  lion  ppr.  guttee  de  sang,  grasping 
in  both  paws  a  club,  also  ppr. ;  2nd,  Fife  :  Out  of  the  battle- 
ments of  a  tower  ppr.  a  demi  lion,  holding  in  the  dexter  paw 
a  saltire  ar.  and  resting  the  sinister  paw  on  an  escutcheon 
or,  charged  with  a  thistle  as  in  the  arms.  JV/o<(o— Virtute 
et  opera. 

Cookson-Sa'wrTey.    See  Sawret. 

Oooper.  Gu.  three  stags'  heads  erased  ar.  attired  or,  on  a 
canton  of  the  second  a  chev.  of  the  first  charged  with  three 
plates  betw.  as  many  pears  ppr.  Crest* — 1st,  an  escallop 
or ;  2nd,  a  cormorant,  wings  endorsed,  holding  in  the  beak 
a  fish  all  ppr.    Motto  -Non  parvum  est  teipsum  noscere. 

Cooper  (Samdel  Josbda  Cooper,  Esq.,  of  Mount  Vernon, 
near  Barnsley,  co.  York).  Per  pale  pean,  and  gu.  on  a 
chev.  betw.  three  lions  statant  ar.  an  estoile  betw.  two 
lozenges  of  the  second.  Crest — On  a  mount  vert  a  lion 
sejant  pean,  holding  in  his  dexter  paw  a  battle  axe,  erect, 
or.    JV/o«(o— Tout  vient  de  Dieu. 

Coping'er  (Cork,  Cloghane,  Rincolisky,  BalljTerine  Castle 
(now  Copihger's  Court),  LIssapoole,  Carhue,  Leemount, 
Ac,  CO.  Cork;  Roscoff,  in  Brittany,  Trewiddle,  Corn- 
wall, and  the  Priory,  Manchester  ;  a  family  traceable  to  a 
very  early  period  in  the  annals  of  that  county.  Stephen 
CopiNOEB  was  M.P.  for  the  city  of  Cork  in  the  first  Parlia- 
ment of  Queen  Elizabeth.  Three  of  his  great-grandsons 
were  knighted,  viz..  Sir  Walter  Copinoeb,  of  Cloghan,  Sir 
Robert  Copinoer,  Mayor  of  Cork  in  1644,  and  Sir  John 
CopiNOER,  of  Crosshaven).  Bendy  of  six  or  and  gu.  over 
all  on  a  fesse  az.  three  plates.  Crest — A  leg  in  armour 
couped  at  the  thigh  and  erect,  bent  at  the  knee,  the  foot 
upward,  garnished  and  spurred,  all  ppr.  Motto — Virtuve  et 
fldelitate. 

Corbet  (Wattlesborough,  co.  Salop).  Or,  a  raven  sa. 
quartering  Toret,  of  Moreton. 

Corbett  (Warwickshire,  formerly  of  Dumbartonshire).  Ar. 
a  key  fesseways,  wards  downwards,  between  two  ravens 
•a.  Crest— X  branch  of  a  tree  ppr.  thereon  a  raven  sa. 
Motto — Deus  pascit  corvos. 

Comick  (West  Ahngton,  Bridport,  co.  Dorset).  Or,  on  a 
pile  az.  betw.  two  trefoils  slipped  in  base  vert  a  tower  ar. 
Crest — Upon  a  mount  vert  a  tower  ar.  in  front  thereof  a 
garb  fessewise. 

Comock  (Hawees-Cobnock,  Cromwellsfort,  co.  Wexford  ; 
exemplified  to  John  Hawses  Cobnock,  Esq.,  of  Cromwells- 
fort, eldest  son  of  Zachariab  Cornock  Hawkes,  Esq.,  of 
Moneens,  co.  Cork,  and  grandson  of  John  Hawkes,  Esq.,  of 
Orange,  same  co.,  by  Mary,  his  wife,  dau.  of  Isaac  Cornock, 
Esq.,  of  Cromwellsfort,  upon  his  assuming,  by  royal  licence, 
dated  31  March,  1883,  the  surname  of  Cornock,  in  com- 
pliance with  an  injunction  contained  in  the  will  of  his 
kinsman,  Zachariah  Charles  Cornock,  Esq.,  of  Cromwells 
fort,  who  d  s.  p.  12  Dec.  1882).    Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  per 


fesse  gu.  and  az.  a  dexter  cubit  arm  issuing  from  tb9 
sinister,  grasping  in  the  hand  a  sword  all  ppr.  in  chief  two 
crescents  or,  for  Cornock:  2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  a  pale  gu.  three 
hawks'  heads  erased,  two  and  one,  counterchanged,  in  the 
centre  chief  point  a  cross  patt^e  or,  for  Hawkes.  C'resti — 
1st,  Cornock  :  A  dexter  cubit  arm  fessewise,  the  hand  grasp- 
ing a  sword  erect  all  ppr.  the  arm  charged  with  two 
crescents  in  fess  az.;  2nd,  Hawkes:  On  a  liranch  of  oak 
sprouting  lying  fessewise,  a  hawk  rising  all  ppr.  jessed  and 
belled  or.  Motto  over  Hawkes'  crest,  Virtute  non  vi. 
Motto — Animo  et  fide. 

Corry  (Lowby-Cobry,  Baron  Rraton).  Quarterly,  1st  and 
4th,  gu.  a  saliire  ar.  in  chief  a  rose  of  the  last,  for  Cobby; 
2nd  and  3rd,  sa.  a  cup  ar.  with  a  garland  betw.  two  laurel 
branches  all  issuing  out  of  the  same  vert,  for  Lowby.  Crest* 
—  1st,  Corry  :  A  cock  ppr.  charged  with  a  crescent  gu. ;  2nd, 
Low*RY :  A  garland  betw .  two  laurel  branches  vert.  Supporter 
— On  either  side  a  stag  ppr.  semee  of  mullets  ar.  gorged  with 
a  collar  and  line  reflexed  over  the  back  or.  AfoWo— Loyal 
au  mort. 

Coull  (Dixon-Codli,,  Middleton,  Morpeth,  co.  Northumber- 
land; exemplified  to  Robert  Dixon,  Esq.,  upon  his  taking 
the  additional  surname  of  Cocll).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th, 
az.  a  unicorn's  head,  couped  ar.  in  chief  three  annulets  or, 
for  Coull  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  a  saltire,  parted  and  fretty, 
betw.  two  crosses  pattce  in  pale,  and  as  many  eagles'  heads 
erased  in  fesse  gu.,  for  Dixon.  Crests — 1st,  Copll:  In  front 
of  a  unicorn's  head  couped  ar.  gorged  with  a  collar  gemel 
az.  three  annulets  interlaced  or  ;  2nd,  Dixon:  A  demi  stag 
reguard.  ppr.  charged  on  the  shoulder  with  a  pheon,  and 
resting  the  dexter  foot  on  a  cross  pattee  or.  Motto — Ad 
finem  spero. 

Coutts.    See  Babtlett-Bcrdett-Coctts. 

Coutts  (MoNEY-CouTTS,  Stodham  Park,  co.  Southampton,  and 
Ancote,  Weybridge,  co.  Surrey;  exemplified  to  Mrs.  Claba 
Maria  Money-Coutts,  of  Stodham  Park,  widow  ol  Rev. James 
Drcmmond  MoNEY.Rector  of  Sternfield,  co. Suffolk,  and  dau.  of 
Sir  Francis  Bdbdett,  5th  Bart,  of  Foremark,  by  Sophia,  his 
wife,  dau.  and  co-heir  of  Thomas  Coutts,  Esq.,  banker,  and 
to  her  son,  Francis  Bobdett  Money-Coutts,  Esq.,  of  An- 
cote, upon  their  assuming  by  royal  licence,  1880,  the 
additional  surname  of  Coutts,  in  compliance  with  the  will  of 
Harriet,  Duchess  of  St.  Albans,  widow  of  the  said  Thomas 
Coutts).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  ar.  a  stag's  bead  erased 
gu.  betw.  the  attires  a  pheon  az.  all  within  a  border  em- 
battled of  the  last,  charged  with  four  buckles  or,  for  Couns ; 
2nd  and  3rd,  or,  on  a  pile  az.  tun  bezants,  four,  three,  two, 
and  one,  for  Money.  Crests — 1st,  Coutts:  A  man  from  the 
middle  shooting  an  arrow  from  a  bow  all  ppr.;  2nd,  Money  : 
A  bezant  betw.  two  wings  az.  each  semfie  de  lis  or.  Motto— 
Esse  quam  videri. 

Co'wan  (James  Cowan,  M.P.  for  Edinburgh,  page  236).  The 
name  Cown  is  a  misprint  for  Cowan.  The  tincture  of  the 
mullet  on  the  saltire  in  the  arms  is  ar.  not  az. 

Co'ward  (West  Penard  and  Wells,  co.  Somerset ;  Thomas 
CowABD,  b.  1600.  son  of  Thomas  Coward,  of  Wells,  and 
grandson  of  John  Cowabd,  of  West  Penard.  Visit.  Somerset, 
1623).  Ar.  on  a  chev.  gu.  three  martlets  or,  a  chief  of  the 
second  charged  with  a  canton  of  the  third.  Crest — A  demi 
greyhound  ramp.  sa.  holding  in  the  paws  a  stag's  head  ar. 
attired  or. 

Co'well  (Harristown,  co.  Kildare.  Arras  registered  and 
crest  granted  by  Hawkins,  Ulster,  24  June,  1774,  to  Babtbo- 
LOMEW  CowELL,  Esq.,  of  Harristown).  Erm.  a  hind  trippant 
gu.  Crest — A  lion  pass,  guard,  gu.  ducally  crowned  and 
plain  collared  or.     Motto — Fortis  et  celer. 

Cowell  (Rev.  Geobob  Young  Cowell,  M.A.  of  Garrison,  co. 
Fermanagh,  vicar  of  Lea,  Portarlington  and  canon  of  St. 
Brigid's,  Kildare,  and  Andrew  Richard  Cowell,  M.D.  of 
CuUentra,  co.  Wexford,  late  Bombay  Army,  sons  of  George 
Clayton  Cowell,  Esq.,  of  Garrison,  who  was  grandson  of 
Richard  Cowell,  of  Ballymore  Eustace,  son  of  Thomas 
Cowell,  of  Harristown,  brother  of  Bartholo.mew  Cowell, 
the  grantee  and  son  of  Bryan  Cowell,  of  Logadowden,  co. 
Dublin).    Arms,  <fec.,  as  Coweu.,  of  Harristown. 

Cowell  (Major-Gen.  Sir  John  Clayton  Cowell,  K.C.B., 
Master  of  the  Queen's  Household,  son  of  John  Clayton 
Cowell,  Lieut.  1st  Royals  and  grandson  of  Col.  John  Clay- 
ton Cowell,  A.D.C.  to  H.B.H.  Duke  of  Kent,  whose  father, 
Bartholomew  Cowell,  of  Harristown,  was  a  younger  son 
of  Babtholomew  Cowell,  the  grantee).    Same  Arms,  4c. 

Cowper-Temple  (Baron  Mount  Temple).    See  Tsmpul 


cox 


SUPPLEMENT. 


DAL 


CJox  (Eaton  Hastings  and  Coleshill,  co.  Berks.  Edward  Cox, 
of  Eton  Hastings,  6.  162-2,  son  of  John  Cos,  of  Coleshill,  and 
grandson  of  John  Cos,  of  same  place.  Visit.  Berks,  16C4). 
Vert  in  chief  three  cucks  or. 

Cranag'e  (Quartered  by  Bev.  Geobge  Hill).  Vert,  five 
lozenges  conjoined  in  bend  within  two  bendlets,  betw.  two 
stags'  heads  cabosbed,  all  or. 

Cranbrook,  VUcount.    See  Hardt. 

Cranmer  (Quendon  Hall,  Essex;  descended  from  Thomas 
Ckanmer,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  great-grandson  of 
Edwabd  Cbanmeb  and  Isabel,  his  wife,  dau.  and  heir  of 
WiLUAM  DB  AsLACTON,  of  Aslacton,  Notts.  See  Cranmer- 
Btno).  The  original  arms  were  ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three 
cranes  sa.,  but  were  altered  by  Henry  VIII.  to  ar.  on  a  chev. 
az.  betw.  three  pelicans  sa.  as  manycinquefoils  or,  the  King 
declaring  to  the  Archbishop  that  "those  birds  should  signify 
unto  him  that  he  ought  to  be  ready,  as  the  pelican  is,  to  shed 
his  blood  for  his  young  ones  brought  up  in  the  faith  of  Christ." 

Cranmer-Byng:.    See  Btno. 

Craufurd  (Auchenames,  co.  Renfrew,  and  Crosbie,  coAyr). 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  gu.  a  fesse  erm.  :  2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  a 
stags  head  erased  gu.  CreKt—A.  stag's  head  erased  gu. 
betw.  the  attires  a  cross  crosslet  fitchee  sa.  Supporters— 
Two  bulls  sa.  armed  and  unguled  or.  Motto — Tutum  te 
robore  reddam. 

Cra'wford  (Overton,  co.  Lanark,  and  New  Zealand,  IS80). 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  gu.  a  fesse  wavy  erm.  betw.  three 
mullets  ar.  pierced  az.,  for  Crawford  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  «a.  a 
chevalier  on  horseback,  armed  at  all  points  cap-^-pie, 
brandishing  a  scymeter  aloft  ar.  a  bordure  gu.,  for  Nevat. 
Crest— \n  increscent  chequy  ar.  and  az.  Motto — Fide  et 
diligentia. 

Crawhall  (co.  Northumberland,  and  co.  Durham).  Gu.,  a 
garb  or,  on  a  chief  ar.  three  crows  sa.  Crtst — On  a  garb 
or,  a  crow  sa.     Motto— 'Htc  careo  nee  euro. 

Crawhall  (Burton  Crofr,  York).  Ar.  three  battle  axes 
chevronwiee  sa.  betw.  two  chevronels  engr.  gu.  the  whole 
betw.  three  crows,  also  sa.  Crest — Upon  a  mount  vert  a 
crow  sa.  holding  in  the  dexter  claw  a  battle  axe  in  bend  ppr. 
JV/o«o— Pra;sto  et  persto. 

Grossman  (Cheswick  ;  Sir  William  Cbossman,  K.C.M.G., 
Col.  on  the  Staff  commanding  Royal  Engineers,  Southern 
Di.strict,  Northumberland).  Sa.  on  a  chev.  or,  betw.  two 
goats'  heads  erased  in  chief  ar.  and  an  eider  duck  in  base 
ppr.  three  cross  crossleta  gu.  CreH—ln  front  of  a  goat's 
head  erased  ar.  three  cross  crosslets  gu.  Motto — In  Cruce 
Bpes  mea. 

Crumpe  (exemplified  to  SrLVERins  Cbdmpe,  of  HobartTown, 
eldest  son  of  William  Mobiabtt,  Esq.,  Commander  Royal 
Navy,  deceased,  by  Alphra  Cbcmpe,  his  wife,  sister  of 
Francis  Crumpk,  of  Tralee,  co.  Kerry,  Doctor  of  Medicine, 
on  his  a.'tKuniing,  by  royal  licence,  23  July,  1H8I,  the  sur- 
name of  Chumpe,  in  lieu  of  Moriabty).  Quarterly,  1st  and 
4th,  per  chev.  gu.  and  az  on  a  chev.  betw.  three  cinquefoils, 
pierced  or,  a  cross  crosslet  fitchee  sa.,  for  Crumpe  ;  2nd  and 
3rd,  per  pale  or  and  ar.  an  eagle  displ.  sa.  charged  on  the 
breast  and  on  each  wing  with  a  trefoil  slipped  of  the  first, 
for  Moriabty.  Crests— \%t,  Crumpe:  On  a  mount  vert  a  cat 
salient  guard,  sa.  charged  with  a  crosslet  fitchee  or;  2nd, 
MoRiARTT  :  An  arm  in  armour  embowed,  the  hand  grasping 
a  sword  entwined  with  a  serpent,  all  ppr.  charged  with  a 
trefoil  slipped  vert.     A/o»t<— Scjiudit  sublimia. 

Cuffo  (Criche,  CO.  .Sumerset;  Robert  Cufke,  of  Criche, 
temp.  .lames  I.,  son  of  IIobert  Cufke,  uf  same  place.  Visit. 
Somerset.  1C23.  Arms  granted  lfj44).  Ar.  ou  a  bend 
dancfttee  cotised  az.  bezantce  three  fleurs-de-lis  or.  Crest— 
An  arm  erect  habited  bendy  wavy  ar.  and  az.  cuffed  erm. 
holding  in  the  hand  ppr.  a  battle  axo  also  az.  headed  or. 

Cullum  (.MiLNEB- Gibson -CuLLOM,  Hardwick,  Bury  St. 
Edmunds,  SufTolk;  exemplified  to  (iEOK<;i:  Gert  Milner- 
QiBsoN,  Kaq.,  2n.l  son  of  Right  Hon.  Thomas  Milneb-Gibson, 
of  Theberton,  by  Arethuba  .Susanna,  his  wife,  dau.  and  heir 
of  Sir  Thomas  (;f.rtCullum,  8lh  Bart.,  of  Uawstead  and  Hard- 
wick, upon  his  assuming,  by  royal  licence,  1H78,  the  surname 
of  CcLLUM).  Quarterly,  Island  4lh,  Cullum,  az.  a  chev. 
«rm.  betw.  three  pelicans  or,  vulning  themselvci  ppr;  2nd 
and  3rd,  Milnrb-Gibson  (see  that  name).  CnHs-Hi, 
Cullum:  A  lion  sejant  or,  supporting  betw.  the  paws  a  column 
ar.  the  capital  or;  2nd,  Milneb-Gibson  (see  that  name). 

Culme  (Dublin,  and  co.  Devon,  Collection  of  Molyneux 
Ulster;  Very  Rev.  Benjamin  Cdlme,  Dean  of  St.  Patrick  s' 
1626  10  1657,  a  ualivc  of  Devon).    Az.  a  rhev.  erm.  betw' 


three  pelicans  ar.  vulning  themselves  gu.  Crest — A  Hon 
sejant  ppr.  supporting  acoiumn  or,  on  the  top  a  dove  alighting 
ar.     Motto — Iininobili.-t  inriocentia. 

Cupper  (Lovington  and  Almisford,  co.  Somerset,  and 
London ;  John  Cupper,  of  Lovington,  temp.  James  I.,  son 
of  John  Cupper,  of  London,  grandson  of  Richard  Cupper, 
of  Almisford,  and  great-grandson  of  John  Cupper,  of 
Lovington.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Ar.  a  sallire  sa.  on  a 
chief  or,  three  lions  ramp.  gu. 

Ctirtis  (Thornfield,  co.  Lancaster;  Matthew  Curtis,  Esq.). 
Per  saltire  ar.  and  az.  two  horses'  heads  erased  in  pale  sa. 
and  as  many  fleurs-de-lis  in  fesse  of  the  first.  Crest— In 
front  of  a  horse's  head  ar.  holding  in  the  mouth  a  flour-de- 
lis az.  a  fasces  fessewise  ppr.     3/o{(o— Perse  verando  vinco. 

Cutlers,  Company  of  (Hallamshire,  co.  York.  In- 
corporated by  Act  of  Parliament,  24  James  I.,  cap.  31).  Ar. 
on  a  fesse  indented  vert.  betw.  three  pairs  of  swords  ia 
saltire  ppr.  pommels  and  hilts  sa.  eight  arrows  interlaced 
saltirewise  banded  of  the  field,  betw.  two  garbs  or.  Crest- 
In  front  of  an  elephant's  head  codped  or,  two  swords  In 
saltire  as  in  the  arms. 


DALBY  (Reading,  CO  Berks;  Edward  Dalby,  of  the  Inner 
Temple,  Steward  of  Reading,  ft.  1615,  son  of  Thomas  Dalby, 
of  London,  merchant,  and  grandson  of  Thomas  Dalby, 
descended  from  Dalby,  of  co.  Warwick;  Visit.  Beik.s,  lGt;4). 
Barry  wavy  of  six  or,  and  gu.  Crest- A  demi  griflln  segreant 
ppr. 

Dale  (Westoe,  co.  Durham;  John  Dale,  Esq.,  of  Tyne- 
mouth,  J. P.  CO.  Northumberland,  r,i.  Isabella,  dau.  of 
William  Mitcalf,  Esq.,  of  Tynemouth,  and  had,  with  other 
issue,  John  Bbodrick  Dale,  Esq.,  of  Westoe,  J. P.).  Gu.on 
a  mount  ppr.  a  swan  ar.  gorged  with  a  collar  geinel  or,  in  chief 
three  frets  of  the  last.  Crest— Upon  a  rock  ppr.  a  heron  ar. 
gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  gu.  resting  the  dexter  foot  on  a 
fret  or. 

Dale  (Staindrop,  co.  Durham,  and  Gillfleld,  co.  York.  Visi^. 
Durham,  1615.  A  family  seated  at  Staindrop  at  least  600 
years.  The  heiress,  Margaret,  only  child  of  John  Dale, 
Esq.,  of  Staindrop,  1795,  m.  John  Trotter,  J.P.,  Colonel  of 
Militia,  same  co.;  from  this  marriage  descend  the  family  of 
Trotter,  of  co.  Durham).     Gu.  a  swan  ar. 

Dalgleish  (Westgrange,  co.  Perth,  and  Ardnamurchan,  co, 
Argyll).  Ar.  an  oaktree  eradicated  fesseways  ppr.  betw. 
three  pheons  points  upwards  az.  C«.-<— The  stump  of  an 
oaktree  sprouting  out,  branches  and  leaves  ppr.  Motto — 
Rcvirescam. 

Dalg-leish  (Ooilvy  Daloleikb,  Mayfleld,  co.  Forfar,  and 
Woudbume  and  Baltilly,  co.  File,  1883).  Quarterly,  Ist  and 
4th,  ar.  a  tree  eradicated  fessways  vert.  betw.  three 
pheons  az.,  for  Dalolkish;  2nd  and  3rd  cdunfer  quartered 
quarterly  1st  and  4lh,  ar.  a  lion  pass.  gard.  gu.,  for  Ocilvy; 
2nd  and  3rd  or,  three  crescents  gu.,  lor  Edmonstonk  ; 
over  all  dividing  the  coals  a  cross  eng.  sa..  for  Sinclair, 
charged  in  the  centre  with  a  crescent  of  the  first  for  dilT.  all 
for  Ogilvy,  of  Buyne ;  over  all  an  escutcheon  of  pretenct) 
or,  two  cro.'ss-erossleis  fitchee  in  chief  and  in  base  the  attires 
of  a  hart  affixed  to  the  scalp  gu.  a  chief  checquy  of  (he 
second  and  first,  in  fess  point  a  crescent  sa.  for  diff.  for 
MoLisoN.  Crest — The  stump  of  an  oaktree  sprouting  out 
branches  and  leaves  ppr.     Afo<(o— Rcvirescam. 

Dalton  (Wade-Dalton,  Hawxwell  Hall,  co.  York;  Hamlet 
CooTE  Wade,  Esq.,  of  Hawxwell  HaU,  colonel  in  the 
aimy,  C.B.,  in.  1845,  Maby,  eldest  dau.  of  Colonel  Fosteb 
Lecumere  Coork,  of  Scrutoii,  same  co.,  and  granddau.  of 
Francis  Dalton,  Esq.,  of  Hawxwell  Hull,  and  assumed  by 
royal  licence  the  additional  surname  of  Dalton,  in  pursuance 
of  the  testamentary  injunction  of  his  wife's  aunt.  Miss  Annb 
Gale,  of  Hawxwell  Hall).  Quarterly,  Ist  and  4th,  az. 
crusilly  or,  a  lion  ramp,  guard,  ar.  a  chief  barry  nebulee  of 
four  of  the  last  and  sa.  and  for  distinction  a  canton  erm.,  for 
Dalton;  2nd  and  3rd,  az.  on  a  saltire  indented  betw.  four 
escallops  or,  an  escallop  of  the  field,  a  canton  of  the  Becon<» 
charged  with  a  mullet  of  six  points  pierctd  of  the  first,  for 
Wade.  C«.i(v— 1st,  Dalton:  A  dragon's  head  couped  veit, 
wings  elevated  or,  gorged  with  a  collar  nebulee  gold,  and 
charged  on  the  neck  for  distinction  with  a  cross  crosslet  ar. ; 
2nd,  Wade:  A  dexter  arm  embowed  in  armour  ppr. 
garni.shed  or,  holding  in  the  gauntlet  a  sword  al.so  ppr. 
pommel  and  hilt  gold,  and  pendent  from  the  nauntlct  by  a 
chain  also  gold,  an  osculthcon  az.  charged  with  an  e.icaUop 
also  or. 


1 


DAL 


SUPPLEMENT. 


DON 


Daly  (Melbourne,  Australia;  the  male  line  of  Daly,  of 
Raford,  descended  from  Denis  Dai.?,  Esq.,  of  KaforU,  and 
Lady  Annb  de  Burgh,  his  wife,  dau.  of  Michael,  10th 
£iui  o/  Ctaiirkaidc.  Hyacinth  Daly,  Arthdr  Disney, 
Joseph  Daly,  William  John  Daly,  Anthony  Daly,  and 
Annie  Eveline  Daly,  all  of  Melliourno,  are  the  children  of 
Kichard  Gore  Daly,  Ksq.,  of  Wood  view,  co.  Gal  way,  and 
Melbourne,  Australia,  who  was  grandson  of  Michael  Daly, 
Ksq.,  of  Mount  Pleasant  (2nd  son  of  the  aforesaid  Denis 
Daly,  Ksq.,  of  Raford),  by  the  Lady  Johanna,  his  wife,  dau. 
of  Arthur  Gore,  1st  Earl  nf  Arran).  Per  fesse  ar.  and  or. 
a  lion  ramp,  per  fes.se  sa.  and  gu.  in  chief  two  dexter  hands 
couped  at  tlie  wrists  of  the  last.  CVcst— In  front  of  an  oak- 
tree  ppr.  fructed  or,  a  greytound  courant  sa.  .J/o(to— Deo 
fldelis  et  Regi. 

Sarbishire  (Penyffryn,  co.  Carnarvon,  and  Oakdcne,  co. 
Kent).  Gu.  on  a  pile  issuing  from  the  dexter  chief  point  ar. 
three  leopards'  faces  of  the  tirst;  qunrtering  (for  Dukin- 
FIELD)  ar.  a  cross  voided  and  pointed  sa.  Vrmt — Out  of 
clouds  a  dexter  arm  in  armour  embowed  all  ppr.  holding  in 
the  hand  a  cross  voided  and  pointed  sa.  MUlo — Durate  et 
vincite. 

Davenport  (Exempliiied  to  Sir  Salusbory  Price  11dm- 
PUREYS,  Knt.,  of  Bramhall,  co.  Chester,  C.H.,  K.C.H.,  Rear- 
Admiral  of  the  Fleet,  and  to  Mart  Lady  Hdmpubeys,  his 
wife,  illegitimate  dau.  of  William  Davenport,  Esq.,  of 
BranihuU,  upon  their  assuming,  by  royal  licence,  1838,  the 
surname  of  Davenport  only).  Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three 
cross  crosslets  titch^e  sa.  a  canton  az.  for  distinction. 
Crest — A  man's  head  ppr.  around  the  neck  a  rope  or,  charged 
for  distinction  on  the  neck  with  a  cross  ciosslet  titch^e  sa., 
and  to  Maria,  Lady  Davenport  aforesaid,  Ar.  a  chev. 
betw.  three  crosses  crosslet  titchce  sa.  a  border  wavy  az. 

Davies  (Ticknam,  co.  Somerset ;  Rees  Davies,  Esq.,  ofTick- 
nam,  temp.  James  1.,  son  of  Lewis  Davies,  Esq.,  of  Carmar- 
then, who  was  great-grandson  of  William  ap  David,  third 
eon  of  David  ap  Ievan  ap  Rees,  and  brother  of  Llewellen, 
of  Keven  Metgoed,  ancestor  of  the  House  of  Gwydir.  Visit. 
Somerset,  1623;.  Gu.  a  griffin  segreant  or,  quartering,  sa. 
a  chev.  or,  betw.  three  spears'  beads  ar.  a  mullet  for  diff. 
Cvest — A  griffin  segreant  or. 

Davis  (Here  Court,  co.  Berks;  Sir  John  Davis,  Knt.,  of  Bere 
Court,  6.  1611,  son  of  Sir  John  Davis,  Knt.,  of  Bere  Court, 
and  grandson  of  John  Davis,  of  London ;  Visit.  Berks  1665) . 
Az.  a  dragon  segreant  or. 

Davis  (Maria,  dau.  of  George  Davis,  of  Wilderness,  near 
Hastings,  co.  Sussex,  and  wife  of  William  Garland  Soper, 
of  Harestone,  Caterham,  co.  Surrey,  and  her  descendants). 
Ar.  a  lion  ramp,  reguard.  peau  belw.  four  mullets  of  six 
points  in  cross  az. 

Da'wson  (William  Mosley  Dawson,  Esq. — formerly  Perfect 
—of  Lancliffe  Hall,  Giggleawitk  W.K  .co.  York).  Verl  on  a 
bend  invected  double  cotised  plain  or,  three  martlets  of  the 
first.  Creit — Upon  a  staff  raguly  fcssewise  or,  a  cat's  head 
erased  affrontee  ppr.  gorged  with  a  collar  flory  counter-fiory 
or,  and  holding  in  the  mouth  a  rat  fessewise  also  pp, 

Day  (Ampthill  House,  Ampthill  Square,  London  ;  Stratton 
House,  Swindon,  Wilts;  Holly  Hill,  Harvil,  Gravesend, 
Kent).  Erm.  on  a  pale  gu.  a  horseshoe  or,  a  chief  az. 
thereon  a  crescent  betw.  two  suns  in  splendour  of  the  third. 
Crest — Upon  a  mount  vert  a  greyhound's  head  erased  ar. 
collared  with  line  affixed  thereto  gu.  in  front  a  fountain. 

Deakin  (Moseley  Park,  co.  Chester,  and  Werrington  Park, 
Cornwall).  Gu.  a  lion  pass,  guard,  and  two  mullets  in  pale 
or,  betw.  as  many  flaunches  ar.  each  charged  with  a  lion 
ramp.  sa.  Crest — Out  of  a  naval  crown  or,  a  dexter  arm  em- 
bowed  ppr.  holding  a  battle  axe  ar.  round  the  wrist  a  ribbon 
also  ar. 

De  Caux  (Jersey).     Az.  three  lions,  ramp,  or,  a  border  sa. 

De  Keyser  (Chatham  House,  Grove  Road,  Clapham  Park  , 
PoLYDOBE  Db  Keyser,  Alderman  and  Sheriff  of  London, 
1883).  Az.  a  saltire  chequy  or  and  gu.  a  chief  of  the  second 
thereon  a  fasces  erect  ppr.  betvir.  two  mallets  sa.  Crtstt — A 
mallet  sa.  betw.  two  brandies  of  palm  slipped  vert.  Motto 
— Respice,  Aspice,  I'rospice. 

De  la  Bere  (The  Hayes,  Prcstbury.  co.  Gloucester;  exem- 
plified to  Rev.  John  Baghot  De  la  Bere,  son  of  Thomas 
Edwards,  Esq.,  upon  his  assuming  by  royal  licence,  1879, 
the  surname  of  De  la  Bebe  in  lieu  of  Edwards).  Quarterly, 
1st  and  4th,  az.  a  bend  or  cottised  ar.  betw.  six  niartletg  of 
the  second,  for  De  la  Bere;  2nd  and  3rd,  erm.  on  a  bend 
gu.  three  eagles  displ.  or,  for  Baguot— CcMt — Ist,  Djs  la 


Bebs:  Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a  plume  of  eight  ottricif 

feathers,  five  and  three,  per  pale  ar.  and  az. ;  2nd,  Baohot: 
A  buck's  head  cabossed  sa.  belw.  the  attires  a  greyhound 
courant  ar.  collared  gu. 

De  la  Hyde  (Brimpton,  co.  Berks,  John  Db  la  Htde,  of 
Brimpton,  b.  1651,  son  of  John  De  la  Hyde,  of  same  place, 
d.  1664,  grandson  of  John  De  la  Htde,  and  great  grandson 
of  John  De  la  Hyde,  both  of  same  place.  Visit.  Berks 
1665).    Barry  of  six  ar.  and  gu.  a  bend  sa. 

De  Xiande  (quartered  by  Long,  of  Ipswich).    Az.  a  chev.  ar. 

De  la  Hue  (Warren  De  la  Rie,  of  Portland  Place,  London, 
M.  A.,  D.C.L.  (Oxon),  F.U.S.,  a  Member  of  the  Meteorological 
Council,  Commander  of  the  Legion  of  Honour  and  of  the 
Order  of  SS.  Maurice  and  Lazarus  (Sardinia),  Knight  of  the^ 
Order  of  the  Rose  (Brazil) ;  eldest  son  of  the  late  Thomas 
De  la  Bde,  of  Wesibourne  Terrace,  Knight  of  the  Legion 
of  Honour,  by  Jane,  his  wife,  dau.  of  William  Warren,  of 
Bishop's  Nympion,  Devon ;  and  grandson  of  Eleazab  De  la 
Rue,  of  Guernsey,  by  Rachel,  his  wife,  dau.  of  William 
.411ez,  of  the  same  Island).  Or  three  bars  gu.  each  charged 
■with  as  many  estoiles  of  the  first,  in  chief  an  increscent  and 
a  decrescent  of  the  second.  Creft — A  brazier  gu.  fired  betv. 
two  branches  of  laurel,  issuant  from  the  flames  thereof  a 
serpent  nowed  and  erect  ppr.     Motto — Cherche  la  verity. 

Denmark,  Prince  of  (page  278).  The  correct  blazon  of 
these  arms  is:  Or,  sem^e  of  hearts  gu.  three  lions  pass, 
guard,  az.  crowned  ppr. 

Depled^e.     Erm.  on  a  chev.  la.  three  lozenges  of  the  field. 

Crest — A  demi  lion  ramp. 
Derwent,  Baron.    See  Johnstone. 

Devenish  (Collection  of  Moly.vecx,  Ulster,  1597-1632).  Ai. 
on  a  bend  wavy  betw.  two  sheldrakes  ar.  three  rose*  gu. 
Crest — A  sheldrake  sa. 

De'war  (La.ssodie,  Scotland).  Or,  on  a  chief  az.  a  fraise  ar. 
Crest — A  cock,  wings  raised  ppr.    Motto — Gloria  Patri. 

De'we  (East  Grinstea<l,  co.  Sussex,  page  282).  For  "John 
RocoE,"  Gent.,  read  "John  Bowe,"  Gent.,  of  Lewes. 

De'Whurst  (John  Bonny  Dewhcbst,  Esq.,  of  Aireville,  co. 
York,  J. P.).  Or  guttle  de  poix  three  saltires  In  fess  betw. 
as  many  escallops  gu.  Crest — In  front  of  a  wolfs  head 
erased  or,  gutt^j  de  poix  three  saltires  gu.  Motto— ^et 
mea  in  Deo. 

Dig'grs  (Chilham  and  Wootton  Court,  co.  Kent,  bart.,  extinct 
1666,  page  285).  The  correct  blazon  of  this  coat  is:  Gu.  on 
a  cross  ar.  five  eagles  displ.  sa.  Crest — An  eagle's  leg  couped 
at  the  thigh  sa  issuant  therelrom  three  ostrich  feathers  ar. 

Dil'Wyn  (co.  Brecon).  Same  Arms,  &c.,  as  Dillwyn,  of 
Burroughs  Lodge,  viz.,  Gu.  on  a  chev.  ar.  three  trefoils 
slipped  of  the  first.  Crest — A  stag's  head  couped  ppr. 
3/o;ro— Craignez  honte. 

Dixon  (Rheda,  Cleaton  Moor,  co.  Cumberland ;  Troma* 
Dixon,  Esq.,  J. P.,  son  of  Thomas  Dixon,  Esq.,  Rheda,  by 
Mary,  his  wife,  dau.  of  Joseph  Norman,  Esq.,  of  the  Dash, 
same  co.).  Az.  on  a  pale  ar.  a  fieur-dc-lis  of  the  first,  a  chief 
engr.  erm.  Crest — In  front  of  a  cubit  arm,  grasping  a 
Bcymetar  ppr.  pommel  and  hilt  gold,  a  staff  raguly  fessewise 
or.     Motto — Quod  dixi  dixi. 

Donaldson  (exemplified  to  Charles  Geoboe  Donaldson, 
Esq.,  lieut.  in  the  army,  on  his  assuming  by  royal  licence,  17 
Sept.,  1879,  the  surname  of  Donaldson  in  lieu  of  Matthews, 
pursuant  to  the  will  of  his  kinswoman,  Anne  Clewlow,  of 
Clermont,  co.  Antrim).  Quarterly,  Ist  and  4th,  Donaldson, 
or  an  eagle  displ.  with  two  heads  ppr.  surmounted  of  a 
lymphad,  sails  furled  sa.  fiag  gu. ;  2nd  and  3rd,  Matthews, 
ar.  three  chevronels  gu.  surmounted  of  a  lion  ramp,  reguard 
ppr.  all  betw.  three  Catherine  wheels  of  the  second.  Crests— 
1st,  Donaldson  :  an  eagle's  head  erased  gu.  collared  dan- 
cettce  or,  in  the  beak  a  thistle  and  trefoiled  entwined  ppr. ; 
2nd,  Matthews:  An  arm  embowed  in  armour  ppr.  charged 
with  a  Catherine  wheel  gu.  the  hand  also  ppr.  grasping  an 
arrow,  point  downwards  or,  feathered  ar.  t/lo'.lo — Tout  jours 
prt. 

Donegran  (Carrigmore,  co.  Cork,  confirmed,  1883,  to  Jaues 
HtNRT  Donegan,  Esq.,  J. P.,  Major  3rd  Batt.  Royal  Munsler 
Fusiliers,  third  son  of  Daniel  Donegan,  E.sq.,  J. P.  of  Carrig- 
more, and  grandson  of  Daniel  Donegan,  of  Great  George's 
Street,  Cork,  and  to  the  other  descendants  of  his  said  grand 
father).  Ar.  three  ermine  spots  in  pale  sa.  betw.  four  lions 
ramp,  those  in  dexter  chief  and  sinister  base  gu.  those  in 
sinister  chief  and  dexter  base  of  the  second.  Cretl — A 
mural  crown  thereon  a  robin  redbreast  all  ppr.  Motto— 
Virtus  non  vertitur. 


f* 


BON 


SUPPLEMENT. 


ETO 


Donlnerton,  Baron.     See  Abnet-Hastimos. 

Doug'las  (exemplified  to  St.  John  Thomas  Douglass,  Esq., 
of  Elm  Park,  co.  Armagh,  eldest  son  of  Rev.  Samcel 
Blacker,  D.D.,  Prebendary  of  MuUaghbrack,  in  the  diocese 
of  Armagh,  deceased,  by  Elizabeth,  his  wife,  eldest  dau.  of 
Thomas  Douglass,  of  Grace  Hall,  co.  Down,  deceased,  and 
sister  of  Chables  Matthew  Douglass,  Esq.,  of  Grace  Hall 
— on  his  assuming  the  surname  of  Douglass  in  lieu  of  that 
of  Blacker,  pursuant  to  the  will  of  the  said  Charles 
Matthew  Douglass).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  per  pale  ar. 
and  or,  a  human  heart  gu.  on  a  chief  az.  a  trefoil  slipped 
betw.  two  etoiles  of  the  second  for  Douglas:  2nd  and  3rd, 
ar.  on  a  mount  vert  a  warrior  in  complete  armour  in  the  act 
of  advancing  towards  the  right,  and  brandishing  in  his  dexter 
hund  a  battle  axe  ppr.,  from  his  shoulders  a  mantle  flowing 
gu.,  for  Blacker.  Cveat — 1st,  Douglass  :  A  cubit  arm 
erect  ppr.  grasping  a  human  heart  as  in  the  arms,  and 
charged  with  a  trefoil  slipped  vert ;  2nd,  Blacker  :  A  dexter 
armed  arm  embowed  ppr.  the  hand  gauntleted  grasping  u 
battle  axe,  as  in  the  arms.  Mottoes — Douglass,  Forward; 
Blacker,  Pro  Deo  et  rege. 

Sownes  (Cowley,  co.  Gloucester.  John  Dow.nes,  of  Cowley, 
temp.  Henry  VIII.,  »i.  Juliana  Merry,  of  Cheltenham,  visit. 
Berks,  1665).  Az.  a  stag  couchant  ar.  Crest — A  slag's  head 
gu.  attired  or. 

Downes  (Windsor,  co.  Berks.  George  Downes,  of  Windsor, 
6.  1684.  6th  son  of  John  Downes,  of  Cowley,  co.  Gloucester. 
Visit.  Berks,  1665).    Same  Arms  and  Crest. 

Drinkwater  (Kirby,  Douglas,  Isle  of  Man ;  Sir  William 
Leece  Drinkwater,  Knt.,  First  Deemster  of  the  Isle  of  Man, 
J. P.,  2nd  son  of  John  Drinkwater,  Esq.,  by  Elizabeth, 
his  wife,  dau.  of  James  Gandt,  Esq.,  and  nephew  of  Sir 
George  Drinkwater,  Knt.,  of  Kirby).  Per  pale  gu.  and 
az.ona  fesse  wavy  ar.  betw.  three  garbs  or,  as  many  billets 
of  the  second.  Crest — Three  ears  of  wheat,  two  in  saliire 
and  one  in  pale  enfiled  with  a  ducal  coronet  all  or.  Motto— 
Sapiens  qui  assiduus. 

Drogrheda,  Town  of.  Az.  per  pale  dimidiated,  on 
the  dexter  side  three  lions  pass,  guard,  in  pale  or,  on 
the  sinister  as  many  hulls  of  ships  in  pale  of  the  last 
surmounted  by  a  castle  with  two  towers  triple  towered  ar. 
N.B. — The  small  seal  of  Drogheda  exhibits  on  a  shield  az. 
three  crescents  issuant  therefrom  as  many  estoiles  all  ar. 

Drummond  -  Willoug'hby  (Baronett  WMouyhby 
D'Eresby  and  Aveland).    See  Willoughbt. 

Duncan  (Haldane-Duncan,  Earl  of  Camperdown).  Quar- 
terly, Ist  and  4th,  grand  quarters  gu.  two  cinquefoils  in 
chief  ar.  and  a  buglehorn  in  base  of  the  second  stringed  az. 
in  the  centre  as  an  honorable  augmentation,  pendent  by  a 
ribbon  ar.  and  az.  from  a  naval  crown  or  a  gold  medal, 
thereon  two  figures  the  emblems  of  Victory  and  Britannia, 
Victory  alighting  on  the  prow  of  an  antique  vessel  crowning 
Britannia  with  a  wreath  of  laurel,  below  the  medal  the  word 
"  Camperdown,"  for  Duncan  ;  second  and  third  grand 
quarters  counterquartered  first  and  fourth  ar.  a  saltire  engr. 
sa.,  for  Haldane;  2nd,  ar.  a  saltire  betw.  four  roses  gu.,  for 
Lennox  ;  3rd,  or  a  bendchequy  sa.  and  ar.,  for  Monteith; 
in  the  centre  a  crescent  az.,  for  diff.,  all  for  Haldane,  of 
(ileneagles.  Ci-ist — On  waves  of  the  sea  a  dismasted  ship 
ppr.  Mottoet — Above  the  crest,  Disce  pati.  Below  the 
shield,  Sccundis  dubiisque  rectus.  Supporters — Dexter,  an 
angel  mantle  purpure  on  the  head  a  celestial  crown,  the 
right  hand  supporting  an  anchor  ppr.  in  the  left  a  palm 
branch  gold,  sinister  a  sailor  habited  and  armed  ppr.  his 
left  hand  supporting  a  staff,  thereon  hoisted  a  flag  az.  the 
Dutch  colours  wreathed  about  the  middle  of  the  staflf. 

SudBOn  (Whitley,  co.  Berks;  Edward  Dudson,  of  Whitley, 
b.  1606,  son  of  Edward  Dudson,  of  Eaton.  Visit.  Berks, 
1664;.     Sa.  a  chcv.  betw.  three  Catherine  wheels  or. 

Dudson  (Brice  Norton,  co.  Oxford  ;  William  Di'dsoh,  2nd 
son  of  the  house  of  Whitley.  Visit.  Berks,  16C4).  Same 
Arms. 

Dupuis.  Az.  a  chcv.  betw.  three  fleurs-de  lis  ar.  on  a  chief 
of  the  last  as  many  pellets.  Crest — A  demi  eagle,  wings 
elevated.     Motto — I'erscvere. 

DuB|?ate  (Kring  Hall,  King's  Lynn,  co.  Norfolk;  exemplified 
to  Ui'MAnD  Di'aGAiT.  Dusoate,  Esq.  upon  his  assuming  by 
royal  licence,  1 87.*),  the  surname  of  Dusoatk  in  lieu  of 
BciHBT,  under  the  will  of  his  maternal  great  uncle,  Kichard 
T)C8gate,  Esq.).  Ar.  three  magpies  ppr.  Crmt — A  lion's 
liead  cra«ed  sa. 


Dyer  (Roundhill  and  Wincanton,  co.  Somerset,  and  Stongh- 
ton,  CO.  Huntingdon;  Sir  Edwabd  Dyer,  son  of  Sir  Thomas 
Dyer,  Knt.,  was  knighted  1696,  and  appointed  Chancellor  of 
the  Order  of  the  Garter;  he  d.  s.p.  1608.  Visit.  Somerset, 
1623).  Or,  a  chief  indented  gu.  a  crescent  for  diff.  quarter- 
ing sa.  three  goats  trippant  ar.  Crest — Out  of  a  ducal 
coronet  or,  a  goat's  head  sa.  horned  gold. 

E 

EAKLiSMAN  (Hants:  John  Earlsman,  circa  1530,  of 
Westover,  Isle  of  Wight).  Arg.  gutt€e-de-poix  on  a  chief 
indented  az.  three  eastern  crowns  or.  Crest — A  greyhound's 
head  couped  arg.,  guttec-de-poix,  collared,  az.  rimmed  and 
studded  or. 

East  (Bourton  House,  Moreton-in-the- Marsh,  co.  Gloucester; 
exemplified  to  Herbert  Hinton  MacLavebty,  Esq.,  upon 
assuming  by  royal  licence,  1879,  in  conjunction  with  h\n 
wife,  Charlotte  BIary  D'Este,  dau.  of  Edward  Hintoh 
East,  lieut.  R.A.,  the  surname  of  East,  in  compliance  with 
the  will  of  Sir  James  Buller  East,  Bart.,  of  Bourton).  Sa. 
on  a  chev.  or,  betw.  three  horses'  heads  erased  ar.  two 
passion  crosses  ohevronwise  of  the  first.  Crest — A  horse 
pass.  erm.  the  dexter  foreleg  supporting  a  passion  cross  in 
bend  sinister  sa. 

Edlin  fPETER  Henry  Edlin,  Esq.,  64,  Queensborough  Terrace, 
Hyde  Park,  London,  one  of  Her  Majesty's  Counsel,  Recorder 
of  Bridgewater,  and  Assistant  Judge  of  the  Middlesex 
Sessions).  Erm.  a  fesse  vair,  in  chief  two  arrows  saltirewise 
ppr.  all  within  a  bordure  nebuly  sa.  Crest — A  crescent  or, 
therefrom  rising  a  falcon  ppr.  belled  and  jessed  gold,  each 
wing  charged  with  a  trefoil  slipped  vert.     Jl/o««— Suspice. 

Edmonds  (Wiscombe  Park,  Honiton,  co.  Devon;  William 
Edmonds,  Esq.,  Lord  of  the  Manor  of  Southleigh,  same  co. 
and  the  other  descendants  of  his  father,  William  Edmonds. 
of  Liverpool).  Per  chev.  nebuly  ar.  and  vert,  in  chief  two 
fleurs-de  lis  of  the  last,  and  in  base  a  ship  under  sail  ppr. 
Crest — A  rock  ppr.  thereon  a  fieur-de-lis  vert,  surmounted 
by  a  boar's  head  couped  ar.     Motto — Absque  labore  nihil. 

Edmunds  (North  Meols,  co.  Lancaster).  Same  as  Edmonds, 
of  Wiscombe  Park. 

Edwards  (John  Edwards,  Esq.,  Q.C.,  Harcourt  Buildings, 
Temple,  London).  Per  saltire  az.  and  or,  two  demi  griffins 
couped  in  pale  and  as  many  quatrefoils  in  fesse  counter- 
changed.  Crest — A  stag  reguardant  ar.  charged  on  the 
body  with  two  fleur-de-lis  az.  and  resting  the  dexter  foreleg 
on  an  esquire's  helmet  ppr. 

Egginton  (South  Ella,  Hull,  co.  York  ;  Gardiner  Eoointon, 
Esq.,  of  North  Ferriby,  co.  York,  hi.  Mary,  dau.  of  Samuel 
Hall,  of  the  same  place).  Ar.  six  eaglets  displ.  sa.  three 
tv\o,  one,  a  chief  nebulae  az.  Crest — A  talbot  sejant  ar. 
eared  sa.  gorged  with  a  collar  per  fesse  nebulee  or  and  az. 
the  dexter  paw  resting  upon  a  sphere  ppr.  Motto — Integer 
vitse. 

Elliot  (as  granted  to  Lady  Elliot,  wife  of  Sir  George 
Elliot,  Ban.,  of  Penshaw  House,  co.  Durham,  and  dau.  of 
George  Green,  Esq.).  Arms  for  (iReen  :  Vair  arg.  and 
vert  two  stags  trippant  reguardant  in  pale  or. 

Ellis  (Ryfleet,  co.  Surrey,  and  Hertford  Street,  Mayfair,  co. 
Middlesex,  bart. ;  Sir  John  Whittaker  Ellis,  Lord  Mayor  of 
London,  was  created  a  Baronet  by  patent  dated  6  June,  1882, 
in  commemoration  of  the  Queen's  visit  to  the  opening  of 
Epping  Forest).  Or,  on  a  cross  engr.  sa.  the  sceptre  or 
mace  in  pale  (representing  that  of  the  Lord  Mayor  of  the 
City  of  London)  betw.  four  crescents  of  the  first,  in  the  first 
and  fourth  quarters  a  fleur-de-lis  az.  Crest— \  female 
figure  ppr.  vested  or,  holding  in  the  dexter  handachaplet  ol 
roses  gu.  and  in  the  sinister  a  palm  branch  slipped  vert. 
Molto— lime  habco  non  tibi. 

Elphinstone-Stone.    See  Stone. 

Elwes  (Barton  Court,  co.  Berks;  Johw  Elwes,  J. P.  co. 
Berks,  b.  1626,  2nd  son  of  Henry  Elwes,  of  London.  Visit. 
Berks,  1664).  Quarterly,  Ist  and  4th,  or,  a  bend  gu.,  over 
allafessar. ;  2nd  and  3rd,  a  griffin  segrcant  or,  holding  a 
flag  the  pennon  charged  with  an  eagl.  displ.  Crest— VouT 
arrows  in  pale  or,  feathered  ar.  encircled  by  a  snake  ppr. 

Emerton  (Banwell  Castle,  co.  Somerset).  Quarterly,  1st 
and  4th,  ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  pickaxes  sa.,  lor  Emekt^n; 
2nd  and  3rd,  gu.  on  a  fesse  engr.  tottiscd  or,  betw.  three 
partridges  rising  of  the  last,  as  many  torteaux,  for  Par- 
TRiDoE.  Crest — A  swan  issuant,  wings  addorsed  and  dis- 
tended ar. 

EtOUg'h.     See  Sadxderson,  of  Little  Addinpfon. 


EVA 


SUPPLEMENT. 


Fis 


ETanS  (Glascoert,  Oswestry,  co.  Montgomery;  William 
Evans,  Esq.,  of  Glascoed,  m.  Ellen,  dau.  of  John  Williams, 
Esq.,  of  Melyniog,  same  CO.,  and  d.  1878,  leaving  a  son, 
David  Will.ams  Evans,  Esq.,  of  Glascoed).  Quarterly, 
1st  and  4th.  gu.  a  lion  pass,  guard,  betw.  tour  crosres 
moline,  three  in  chief  and  one  in  base  al!  ar.,  for  Evans; 
2nd  and  3rd,  sa.  three  mullets  or,  on  a  chief  nebuly  ar.  as 
many  lozenges  az.,  for  Dorsf.tt.  Crest — A  lion  pass,  guard, 
ar.  charged  on  the  body  with  two  crosses  moline  az.  and 
resting  the  dexter  forepaw  on  an  escocheon  erminois 
thereon  acro.ss  inoline  betw.  four  lozenges  also  az.  Motto — 
Festina  lente. 

Evans  (Hur.«t  House  and  Haydock  Grange,  co.  Lancaster. 
Llanddoget  Park,  co.  Denbigh,  and  Maenan  House,  co.  Car- 
narvon, of  ancient  Cambrian  descent:  the  present  proprietor, 
Joseph  Evans,  Esq.,  J. P.,  is  also  Lord  of  the  Manor  of  Parr, 
CO.  Lancaster).  Sa.  three  nags'  heads  erased  ar.  on  a  chief 
nebuly  or,  a  pale  gu.  charged  wiih  an  estoile  of  the  third, 
betw.  two  estoiles  of  the  fourth.  Crest — A  nag's  head 
erased  ar.  betw.  two  estoiles  or.     Motto — In  ccelo  quies. 

Evans  (John  Holditch  Evans,  Esq.,  of  Bryn  Issa,  Pershore, 
CO.  Worcester,  Edwakd  Evans,  Esq.,  of  Brcnwylfa,  co. 
Denbigh,  sous  of  John  Evans,  Esq.,  of  Leamington,  co. 
Warwick,  who  d.  I860,  and  Edward  Bickerton  Evans, 
Esq.,  of  Whilbourne,  co.  Hereford,  son  of  Edward  Evans, 
Esq.,  of  Thornloe  House,  co.  Worcester.  who(<.  1871.  Arms 
granted  to  Thomas  Evans,  Esq.,  of  Upper  Mill  PdoI,  co. 
Montgomery,  and  enrolled  with  the  ped.  in  the  College  of 
Arms,  24  July,  1867).  Per  pale  ar.  and  gu.  a  lion  pass,  re- 
guard,  betw.  two  tieur-de-Iis  in  chief  and  in  base  a  bundle 
of  rods  banded  all  counterclianged.  Crest — A  lion  pass, 
reguard  ar.  the  body  charged  with  three  crosses  moline  gu. 
resting  dexter  paw  upon  a  bundle  of  rods  banded  also  gu 
Motto — Libertas. 

Evans  (granted  to  Peteb  Fabtan  Sparse  Evans,  of  Bristol, 
and  Trinmore,  Clifton  Downs,  Esq.,  in  the  Commission  of  the 
Peace  for  that  city,  and  son  of  Lavington  Evans,  of  Ottery 
St.  Mary,  co.  Devon,  gentleman,  deceased).  Mr.  P.  F.  Spabke 
Evans  is  descended  in  the  male  tine  from  Rev.  Hichard 
Evans,  of  Collumpton,  Devon,  and  his  wife,  a  dau.  of  Kev. 
William  Yeo,  M.A.,  Newton  Abbott,  6.  1617  ;  and  also, 
through  his  grandmother,  Sarah  Perram,  wife  of  William 
Bdrd  Evans,  of  Ottery,  and  dau.  of  William  Perram,  by 
Sarah,  his  wife,  dau.  of  Kev.  John  Lavington,  M..\.,  from 
the  old  families  of  Lavington,  Sparke  (mentioned  in  church 
records  in  1478)  and  Henley,  one  of  whom  was  M.P.  for  Wey- 
mouth in  the  time  of  the  Commonwealth).  Arg.  on  a  bend 
engr.  az.  betw.  two  acorns  slipped  ppr.  three  leopards'  heads 
erased  arg.  6Ve<f — Upon  a  rock  a  peacock  ppr.  charged  on 
the  breast  with  a  quarterfoil  or,  resting  dexter  foot  on  a  sprig 
of  oak  leaved  fructed  and  slipped,  also  ppr.  ..Uo((o— Deo 
favente. 

Evelick  (Scotland,  page  333).  These  are  the  arms  of  the 
Laird  of  Evelick,  Lindsay,  Bart.,  of  Evelick,  see  page  610. 

Evering'ton  (granted  to  Mitchell  Everington,  Esq.,  of 
Denmark  Hill,  in  the  parish  of  Camberwell  (or  more  correctly 
of  Lambeth),  co.  Surrey,  and  ofTrin.  Coll.  Cambridge,  M..\. 
and  LL.B.,  only  son  of  William  Everington,  of  Heme  Hill, 
CO.  Surrey,  deceased,  by  his  2nd  wife,  Catherine,  2nd 
dau.  of  Stephen  Xicolson  Barber,  of  Denmark  Hill,  and 
grandson  of  John  Everington,  of  Skegness,  co.  Lincoln, 
I'eteased.  The  other  descendants  of  the  above-named 
WiLLLAM  Everington,  also  entitled  to  bear  and  use  these 
arms  and  crests,  are,  William  Devas  Everington,  of  Castle 
Acre,  CO.  Noi-folk,  and  Edgar  Rowe  Everington,  of  Merion 
House,  Dulwich  Wood  Park,  co.  Surrey,  and  of  MertonColl. 
Oxford,  M.A.).  Per  fesse  ar.  and  gu.  a  stag's  head  erased 
betw.  three  martlets  all  counterchanged.  Crest— In  front  of 
a  trunk  of  a  tree  eradicated  fessewise  and  sprouting  to  the 
sinister  ppr.  a  stag  current  per  pale  ar.  and  gu.  holding  in 
the  mouth  a  trefoil  slipped  vert. 

Everitt  (Knowle  Hall,  Birmingham,  co.  Warwick;  Georgf 
Allen  Evkritt,  Esq.,  J.P.,  Knt.  of  the  Orders  of  Leopold 
and  of  Hanover,  son  of  Allen  Everitt,  Esq.,  of  Edgbaston). 
Gu.  a  chev.  paly  of  eight  or  and  az.  betw.  three  mullets  ar. 
Creil—A  griffin's  hcail  emsed  iipr.  the  neck  encircled  gcmelle 
of  three  pieces  ar.     Motto — Festina  lente. 

Ewens  (Wincanton,  co.  Somerset;  John  Ewens,  temp. 
James  L,  son  of  John  Ewens,  by  Ankaeet,  his  wife,  dau. 
of  Alexander  Dyeb,  of  Wincanton.  Visit.  .Somerset,  1623). 
Sa,  a  fesse  betw.  two  fleurs-de-lis  or  a  crescent  for  diff. 
Crest — On  a  mount  vert  a  curlew  ppr. 

Eyres  (Dumbleton  Hall,  co.  Gloucester).  Quarterly,  1st  and 
4lh,  sa.  on  a  chev.  nebulee  plain  cotised  belw.  tlnee  cinque- 


oils  or,  as  many  woolpacks  ppr.,  for  Eybes;  2nd  and  Srd, 
per  fesse  ar.  and  or,  a  fesse  chequy  gu.  and  of  the  flr«t,  • 
lion  ramp.  beiw.  two  crosses  pattie  of  the  third,  for  Kettle- 
well.  Crests — 1st,  Eyres:  Upon  a  mount  ppr.  a  human  leg 
couped  at  the  thigh  in  armour  quarterly  sa.  and  or,  the  spur 
gold,  on  either  side  three  cinquefoils  slipped  vert;  2nd,  Ket- 
TLEWELL :  A  lion  ramp.  gu.  holding  in  the  dexter  forepaw  a 
cross  pattee  fitchee  and  resting  the  sinister  hind  paw  on  a 
cross  pattee  or. 


EAIELIE  (Scotland,  1876).  Ar.  a  chev.  sa.  betw.  two 
water  bougets  of  the  second  in  chief  and  a  pheon  point  up- 
wards az.  in  base.  CreH — A  lion's  head  erased  sa.  Motto 
— Je  suis  prest. 

Falcon-Steward.     See  Steward. 

Farside  (William  Farside,  formerly  Hdtton,  Esq.,  of 
Fylingdale,  Whitby  Strand,  co.  York).  Gu.  a  fesse  or  betw. 
three  bezants,  a  border  wavy  erm.  Crest — Two  lion'i 
gambs  erect  ar.  erased  gu.  holding  a  bezant,  the  whole 
debruised  by  a  bendlet  wavy  erm.  Motto— Funh  and  fear 
nocht. 

Fenton  (Norton  Hall,  Chipping  Campden,  co.  Gloucester, 
and  Dalton  Manor,  Preston,  co.  Lancaster ;  James  Fenton, 
Esq.,  Lord  of  the  Manors  of  Bailey,  Dalton,  and  Ribchester, 
M.  A.  Trin.  Coll.  Cambridge,  F.S.A.,  J.P..  cos.  Gloucester  and 
Lancaster,  barrister-at-law,  of  Lincoln's-inn,  high  sheriff 
CO.  Gloucester,  1869).  Per  pale  ar.  and  sa.  a  cross  dove- 
tailed betw.  in  the  first  and  fourth  quarters  a  fleur-de-lis, 
and  in  the  second  and  third  Quarters  a  trefoil,  all  counter- 
changed.  Crest— In  front  of  two  arrows  in  saltire  ppr.  a 
fleur-de-lis  sa.     Motlo—Je  suis  prest. 

Fetherstonhaugh  (Hopton  Court,  co.  Worcester;  Shir- 
ley Arthur  Stephenson  Fetherstonhadgh,  Esq.,  of 
Hopton  Court).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  gu.  two  chevroneU 
engr.  betw.  three  feathers  within  a  bordure  also  engr.  ar. 
in  the  centre  chief  point  (for  distinction)  a  cross  erosslet  of 
the  last  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  gu.  on  a  bend  nebulee  erminois  betw. 
six  ears  of  wheat,  three  and  three,  one  in  pale  and  two  in 
saltire,  banded  or,  three  leopards'  faces  of  the  first.  Creatx 
— 1st,  An  heraldic  antelope's  head  erased  gu.  surmounted 
by  two  feathers  in  siliire  ar.  charged  on  the  neck  (for  dis- 
tinction) with  a  cross  erosslet  or;  2nd,  In  front  of  a  garb  or, 
a  cornucopia  fessewise  ppr. 

Fetherston-Whitney.     See  Whitney. 

Fettiplace  (Chilsey  and  Fernham,  co.  Berks,  Bart,  extinct 
1743,  p.  348).  This  family  quartered  according  to  Visit. 
Berks,  1664  :  Ar.  three  torteaux  and  a  lion  pass,  guard, 
crowned. 

Fettiplace  (Denchworth,  CO.  Berks;  Edmcnd  Fettiplace, 
of  Denchworth  and  Letcomb  Regis,  d.  1662.  Visit.  Berks, 
1664).  Gu.  two  chev.  ar.  a  canton  erm.  a  cresceut  for  diff. 
Crest — A  dragon's  head  veri  eared  gu. 

Fielden  (Oobroyd  Castle,  co.  Lancaster,  and  Grimston 
Park,  CO.  York;  John  Fielden,  Esq,,  son  of  John  Fielden, 
Esq.,  of  Centre  Vale,  Todmorden).  Gu.  on  a  cross  or,  betw. 
four  doves  each  holding  in  the  bill  an  olive  branch  all  ppr. 
five  lozenges  of  the  first.  Crest— On  the  stump  of  a  tree 
couped  and  sproucting  ppr.  betw.  two  ears  of  wheat  stalked 
and  leaved  or,  a  dove  as  in  the  arms.  Motto — Virtutis 
praemium  honor. 

Fife-Cookson  (Whitehill,  co.  Durham).    See  Cookson. 

Fillul  (Jersey).  The  Arms  are  under  Fillent,  in  the  Body 
of  the  Work,  by  mistake  for  Fillcl. 

Finnis  (Wanstead  Park,  co.  Essex).  Ar.  a  thistle  leaved 
vert,  flowered  gu.  betw.  three  mullets  az  Crest — A  cross 
erosslet  fltchee  gu.  and  a  sword  az.  in  saltire.  Motto — Finis 
coronat  opus. 

Firth  (Oak  Brook,  Sheffield,  co.  York  ;  Mark  Fibtb,  Esq.). 
Or,  on  a  pile  gu.  betw.  two  Danish  battle  axes  sa.  a  lion 
ramp,  of  the  field.  Crest — On  a  mount  vert  in  front  oc  two 
Danish  battle  axes  in  saltire  sa.  a  demi  lion  ramp.  Mot  o  — 
Deo  non  fortuna. 

Fishbourne  (Windsor,  co.  Berks,  and  Nottingham. 
Richard  Fishboirne,  of  Windsor,  6.  1620,  son  of  John  Fish- 
BOURNE,  of  Nottingham.  Visit.  Berks,  1665).  Ar.  a  fieur- 
de-lis  and  chief  sa. 

Fisher  (Chlldsey,  co.  Berks,  and  Mickleton,  co.  Gloucester; 
James  Fisher,  of  Childsey,  b.  1622,  son  of  Edwakd  Fishes, 
Mickleeton,  and  grandson  of  Edward  Fisher,  of  same  place. 
Vi.sit.  Berk>;,  1664).    Gu.  three  deuii  lions  ramp,  and  a  chief 


F I  s  SUPPLEMENT 

guard,  or,   holding  an 


FOX 


or.     Crtit  —  A   demi  lion   ramp 
escutcheon  gu. 

Fisher  (Spring  Dale,  co.  York).  Ar.  on  a  chev.  gu.  three 
trefoils  slipped  of  the  field,  in  chief  as  many  fleur-de-lis  of 
the  second.  Crest— In.  front  of  a  bulrush  erect  a  kingSsher 
ppr.  resting  the  dexter  claw  on  a  fleur-de-lis  or.  Motto— 
Virtate  et  fide. 

Fisher  (Winsley  and  Limpley  Stoke,  co.  Wilts.  This  family 
were  large  landowers  in  these  parishes  during  the  18th 
century.  Anns  from  the  Fisher  monument  in  Limpley  Stoke 
church,  St.  Mary  the  Virgin).  Or,  a  cliev.  gu.  hetw.  three 
kingflsbers,  each  holding  a  flsh  in  the  beak  all  ppr.  Crmt — 
A  kingflsher  as  in  the  arms. 

Fisher  (Thornton,  co.  Surrey,  page  352).  The  seat  of  this 
family  is  Thomcombe,  not  Thornton. 

Fisher  (Kilmainham,  co,  Dublin  ;  Collection  of  Molyneux. 
Ulster,  1597-1632).  same  Arnn  and  CreH  as  Fisher  of 
Fisher's  Prospect,  now  Courtown,  page  352. 

Fison  (GretJiholme,  Burley-in-Wharfedale,  Leeds,  co.  York  ; 
WnxiAM  Fison,  Esq.,  of  Greenholme,  J. P.,  son  of  Thomas 
Fison,  Esq.,  of  Barningham  co.  Suffolk).  Per  fesse  az. 
and  enn.  in  chief  three  battle  axes  erect  or,  bladed  ar. 
in  base  an  heraldic  tiger  pass,  of  the  third.  Crest — A  demi 
heraldic  tiger  ramp,  or,  collared  gu.  holding  betw.  the  paws 
an  escutcheon  ar.  charged  with  a  battle  axe  sa.  Motto — 
Deo  conflde. 

FitzQerald  (Baron  FitzGerald  of  Kilmarnock-).  Erm.  a 
mascle  or,  oyer  all  a  saltire  gu.  Crest — On  the  Roman 
fasces,  lying  fessewise,  ppr.  a  boar  passant  erm.  fretty  gu. 
Supporters — Dexter,  a  griflin  ar.  gorged  with  a  collar,  and 
pendent  therefrom  an  escutcheon  az.  charged  with  a  trefoil 
also  ar.  ;  sinister,  a  boar  ar.  gorged  with  a  collar,  and 
pendent  therefrom  an  escutcheon  az.  charged  with  a  rose 
also  ar.    Mottoes — Crom  a  boo  and  Kortis  et  fidelis. 

FitzQ-erald  (Knight  of  Kerry  :  Valencia  and  Ballinruddery, 
CO.  Kerry,  bart.  Created  8  July,  1880^  Erm.  a  saltier  gu., 
charged  with  a  cross  formee  ar.  Crest — An  armed  knight 
on  horseback,  all  ppr.     Motto — MuUachar  a  boo. 

FitzGibbon("  Mac  an  tShen  Ridire,"  of  Crohana,  formerly 
of  Castle  Grace,  co.  Kilkenny ;  Philip  John  FitzGibbon, 
Esq.,  of  Crohana,  descended  from  the  line  of  The  White 
Knight,  and  representative  of  David  FitzGibbon,  alias 
Mae  an  t  Shen  Ridire  (Anglice,  son  of  the  old  Knight),  so 
mentioned  in  an  inquisition  post  mortem,  anno  39  Queen 
Elizabeth).  Erm.  a  saltire  gu.  on  a  chief  ar.  three  annu- 
lets of  the  second.  Crest — A  boar  pass  ppr.  fretty  ar. 
Motto — Honore  integro  contemno  fortunam. 

FitzSymon  (Dublin,  Collection  of  Molyneux,  Ulster,  1697- 
1632).  Ar.  on  a  fesse  betw.  three  crescents  sa.  as  many 
estoiles  of  the  field.     Crest — A  dove  ar.  collared  gu. 

Flavel  (Bushbury  Lodge,  Leamington,  co.  Warwick,  Sydney 
Flatel,  Esq.).  Ar.  a  maunch  gu.  bezantee,  surmounted  of 
a  chev.  az.  betw.  three  keys,  wards  upwards,  of  the  last. 
Crest — In  front  of  flames  of  fire  ppr.  two  keys  in  saltire, 
wards  upwards  az. 

Flemings  (Clayquhat,  co.  Perth,  and  Bigadon,  Devon). 
Gu.  on  a  chev.  ar.  three  fraises  az.  on  an  escutcheon  of 
pretence,  ar.  on  a  feese  indented  betw.  three  crescents  gu. 
as  many  garbs  or,  for  Blytb.  Crest — A  goat's  head  erased 
ppr.  collared  or.    Motto — Let  the  deed  shaw. 

Fleming:  (Cobam-Flemino,  Coham,  co.  Devon ;  John  Blyth 
Coham-Fleming,  eldest  son  of  John  Fleming,  of  Bigadon, 
Esq.  (see  preceding  entry),  m.  5  June,  1883,  Elinok 
Makt  Bickfobd,  only  child  and  heir  of  William  Holland 
BicKFOBD  Coham,  Esq.,  of  Coham,  as  and  from  which  date 
he  assumed,  by  royal  licence,  the  additional  name  and  arms 
of  Coham).  Quarterly  :  Ist  and  4th,  Fleming  (as  above) ; 
2nd  and  3rd,  Coham  (which  see  page  221). 

Fletcher  (Barrow  Hedges,  Surrey,  and  18,  Park  Lane, 
London,  W. ;  Geoboe  Hamilton  F'letcbeb,  Esq.,  J.P.,  m. 
1854,  SoFHiA,  5th  dau.  of  Geoboe  Wauseb,  Esq.,  of  War- 
minster, Wilts,  and(i.  1879,  leaving  with  other  issue,  George 
Hamilton  Fletcueb,  6.  1860).  Az.  three  urrows  in  trianKle, 
barbs  pointing  to  the  centre  or,  on  a  chief  ar  an  anchor 
erect  sa.  betw.  two  dolphins  respecting  each  other  ppr.;  quar- 
tering for  Waoseb,  Or,  a  leopard's  fuce  betw.  three  dexter 
gloves,  gu.  Crest — In  front  of  a  fern  brake  a  centaur  ppr. 
wielding  with  the  dexier  hand  a  spear,  or. 

Flower  (Aston  Clinton,  co.  Buckingham  ;  conflrmed  to 
Philip  William  Floweb,  of  Furzedown  Park,  co.  Surrey, 
and  his  l.isue.  His  eldest  son,  Cyril  Flower,  Esq.,  of 
Alton  Clinton,  M.P.  co.  Brecknock,  impales  the  arms  of  I)k 


Rothschild  in  right  of  his  wife,  Constance,  eldest  dau.  of 
Sir  Anthony  de  Rothschild,  bart.).  Quarterly,  1st  and 
4th,  or,  two  flaunches  vert,  in  pale  three  escutcheons  of  the 
last,  each  charged  with  a  fleurde-lis  of  the  field,  for  Flower  ; 
2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  two  chevronels  sa.  betw.  three  roses  gu., 
seeded  or,  barbed  ppr.,  for  Wykeham.  Crest — Issuant  from 
clouds  a  cubit  arm  erect,  in  the  band  a  rose  and  lily,  each 
slipped  all  ppr.     Motto — Flores  curat  Deus. 

Flux  (William  Flux,  Esq.,  of  Bibury  Court,  near  Ciren- 
cester, CO.  Gloucester).  Ar.  on  a  chev.  nebuly  sa.  betw. 
two  pellets  in  chief,  and  a  fleur-de-lis  in  base  of  the  last,  a 
trefoil  slipped  betw.  two  conies  courant  respecting  each 
other  of  the  first.  Crest — Upon  the  trunk  of  a  tree  fesse- 
wise eradicated  to  the  sinister  a  coney  courant  ar.  Motto 
— Fluctus  fiuctu. 

Foljanxbe  (Cockglode,  co.  Nottingham,  Haselbech  Hall, 
Northampton,  and  Kirkham  Abbey,  co.  York).  Quarterly, 
1st,  sa.  a  bend  betw.  six  escallops  or,  for  Foljambe;  2nd, 
az.  on  a  fesse  wavy  ar.  a  cross  pattee  gu.  and  in  chief  two 
estoiles  or,  as  an  augmentation  a  chief  also  wavy  ar.  charged 
with  a  cormorant,  sa.,  beaked  and  legged  gu.  holding  in  the 
beak  a  piece  of  seaweed  called  laver,  vert,  for  Jenkinson, 
Earl  of  Livti-pool.  3rd,  ar.  on  a  bend  az.  three  oat  sheaves 
or,  for  Otley  ;  4th,  sa.  a  chev.  betw.  three  mullets  ar.,  for 
Shccebdrgh;  5th,  az.  a  griftin  pass,  and  a  chief  or,  for 
Evelyn  ;  6th,  ar.  two  bars  gemels,  and  in  chief  three  mullets 
sa.,  for  Medley.  Crests — 1st,  a  jamb,  armed  and  spurred 
quarterly  or  and  sa. ;  2nd,  on  a  chapeau  gu.  turned  up  erm. 
a  tiger  statant  ar.  ducally  gorged  or  ;  3rd,  a  calopus  or 
chatloup  (afterwards  blazoned  as  an  antelope),  quarterly  or 
and  sa.  Granted  by  Henry  VIII.  to  Sir  Godfrey  Foljambe. 
Motto — Soyez  ferme.  Badge — A  sprig  of  oak  frucied  ppr. 
and  a  crescent  ar. 

Forrest  (Auchenraith,  co.  Lanark,  1877).  Ar.  a  fesse 
chequy  az.  and  or,  betw.  three  oak  trees,  eradicated, 
fructed  ppr.  Crest — An  oak  tree  fructed  ppr.  Motto — Live 
while  green. 

Fortescne  (Crookhill,  co.  Worcester,  p.  369.  Lord  Cler- 
mont's History  of  the  House  of  Fortescue  devotes  several 
pages  to  a  memoir  of  this  family,  and  clearly  shows  that 
Nicholas  Fortescue,  Groom  Porter  to  Henry  VIII.,  was  the 
legitimate  son  of  John  Fortescue,  of  Spridlestone). 

Fortnum.  Az.  on  a  chev.  betw.  three  crescents  or,  a  fleur- 
de-lis,  of  the  first. 

Foster  (Lanwithan,  Lostwithicl,  co.  Cornwall).  Per  pale 
sa.  and  gu.  on  a  saltire  erm.  a  bugle  horn  betw.  four  escallops. 
Crt.it — A  horse's  head,  couped  collared  ar.  thereon  three 
escallops  in  the  mouth  an  arrow  point  downwards. 

Foster  (Weeke,  co.  Somerset ;  Christopher  Foster,  temp. 
James  I.,  son  of  John  Foster,  and  grandson  of  William 
Foster,  of  Reading,  a  younger  brother  of  William  Fo«ter, 
Esq.,  of  Aldermaslon,  co.  Berks.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623). 
Sa.  a  chev.  engr.  betw.  three  arrows  inverted  ar.  a  martlet 
for  diff. 

Fountaine  (Narford  Hall,  co.  Norfolk).  Quarterly,  Ist  and 
4th,  or,  a  fesse  gu.  betw.  three  elephants'  heads  erased  sa. ; 
2nd  and  3rd,  Price,  or,  guttce  de  poix  a  lion  ramp,  regard  sa. 
gorged  with  a  chain,  pendent  therefrom  an  escocheon  of 
the  first,  charged  with  an  elephant's  head  erased  sa. 

Fowler  (Gastard  House,  Chippenham,  co.  Wilts;  Thomas 
Fowler,  Esq.,  of  Gastard  House,  in.  Lucy,  dau.  of  Nicholas 
Waterhowse,  Esq.,  of  Everton,  Liverpool,  and  d.  1851, 
leaving  an  only  son,  Robert  Nicholas  Fowler,  Esq.,  of 
Gastard  House,  J. P.,  M.A.,  Alderman  of  the  city  of  London, 
Commissioner  of  Lieutenancy  for  the  City,  SheritTof  London 
and  Middlesex,  1880-1881,  M.P.  for  Penryn  and  F'almouth, 
1868 — 1874.  Elected  M.P.  for  London,  1880).  Az.  on  a 
chev.  betw.  three  lions  passant,  guard,  or,  as  many  crosses 
formee  sa.  Cre.it — A  cubit  arm  erect,  habited  az.  holding 
in  the  hand  ppr.  a  lure  vert,  feathered  ar.  lined  or,  twisted 
round  the  arm.     Motto — Possunt  quia  posse  videntur. 

Fox  (Marmaduke  Fox,  Esq.,  of  Marmaville,  Mirfield,  in  the 
West  Riding  of  co.  York).  Sa.  on  a  pale  betw.  two  grey- 
hounds' heads  erased  ar.  a  mill-rind  palewise  of  the  field. 
Crest — A  mill-rind  fessewise  sa.  thereon  a  greyhound  sejant  ar. 
Motto — Virtute  et  nuininc. 

Fox-Pitt-Rivers.    See  Pitt-Rivbbs. 

Fox  (WoUintcton,  Somerset).  Erm.  on  a  chev.  az.  three 
(oxrs  heads  erased  or  a  border  fleurelte,  and  over  all  a 
canton  of  the  second  charged  with  a  cup  of  the  third  sur- 
mounted by  three  fleurs-ilelis  ar.  Crest — A  fox  sejant  or 
gorged  with  a  collar  flcurettu  the  dexter  forcpaw  resting 
on  a  flcur-dc-lis  az.     Motto — Faire  sans  dire. 


FB  A 


SUPPLEMENT. 


OAB 


Prance-Hayhurst  (Bostock  Hall,  co.  Chester).  Quarterly, 
1st  and  4th,  Haybdrst,  per  chev.  sa.  and  or,  in  chief  two 
crosses  patt^  fltch^e,  and  in  base  a  pair  of  wings  conjoined 
and  elevated,  counf erchanped ;  2nd  and  3rd,  Keance,  ar.  on 
a  mount  in  base  a  hurst  ppr.  on  a  chief  wavy  az.  three  fleurs- 
de-lis  or,  Cretts — 1st,  Hathubst,  a  cubit  arm  ppr.  holding 
in  the  hand  a  cross  pattce  fitchee  or,  betw.  two  wings  sa. 
each  charged  witli  an  annulet  gold;  '2nd,  Fkance,  a  mount, 
thereon  a  hurst,  as  in  the  arms,  from  the  centre  tree  pendent 
by  a  strap  az.  a  shield  pu.  charged  with  a  fleur-de-lis  or. 
Motto — Virtus  semper  viridis. 

France-Hayhurst  (Davenham  Hall,  co.  Chester;  Col. 
Charles  Hosken  Fbancb-Hathdrst,  J. P.  and  D.L.,  eldest 
son  of  Rev.  Canon  Tho.mas  Kbance-Hathdrst,  of  Bostock 
Hall,  by  Helen,  his  wife,  eldest  dau.  of  John  Hosken- 
Habfer,  Esq.,  of  Da%enham  Hall,  s.  1873,  to  Davenham, 
at  the  death  of  his  uncle,  William  Hosken  Hari-er,  Ksq.) 
Arm.«,  Crests,  and  Motto  same  as  the  preceding,  with  the 
additional  quartering  of  Hosken- Habpee. 

France  (Ystym  Colwyn,  Bwlch-y-Cibau,  co.  Montgomery; 
Wallace  James  Arthur  France,  Esq.,  J.P.,  eldest  sur- 
viving son  of  Henry  Haybdrst  Hayburst,  Esq.,  of  Ystym 
Colwyn,  who  was  third  son  of  Thomas  Havhdrst,  Esq.,  who 
took  the  surname  of  France  in  lieu  of  that  of  Hayburst, 
resumed,  by  royal  licence,  1876,  the  family  surname  of 
France  in  compliance  with  his  father's  will).  Ar.  on  a 
iiioimt  in  base  a  hurst  ppr.  a  chief  wavy  az.  charged  with 
tliree  fleurs-de-lis  or.  Crest — A  mount,  thereon  a  hurst,  as 
in  the  arms,  from  the  centre  tree  pendent  by  a  strap  az. 
a  shield  gu.  charged  with  a  fleur-de-lis  or.  Motto—X mus 
semper  viridis. 

Francis  (Combe  Florie,  co.  Somerset;  William  Francis, 
(e/u/).  James  I.,  son  and  heir  of  John  Francis.  Visit. 
Somerset,  16'23).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  ar.  a  chev.  betw. 
three  mullets  pierced  gu. ;  2nd  and  3rd,  barry  of  six  or  and 
sa.  a  bend  erui. 

Freake  (Cromwell  House,  Kensington,  Fulwell  Park,  co. 
Middlesex,  bart.,  created  '^3  May,  18S2).  Per  fesse  sa.  and 
az.  two  bars  engr.  or,  each  charged  with  three  bulls'  heads, 
calioshed  of  the  flrst,  in  chief  three  mullets  of  six  points  of 
the  third.  Crei^t — Jn  front  of  a  bull's  head  sa.  holding  in  the 
mouth  a  mullet  of  six  points  or,  a  rock  ppr.  Motto— 
Integrity. 

Freake  (registered  to  Eliza  Pudsey,  Lady  Freaks,  wife  of 
Sir  Charles  James  F'reake,  Bart.,  eldest  dau.  of  Cbarles 
Wright,  Esq.,  one  of  the  Hon.  Corps  of  Gentlemen  at  Arms, 
and  sifter  of  Brigadier-Gen.  Sir  Tbomas  Wbigbt,  C.B  ).  Qr, 
on  a  fess  vair  betw.  two  eagles'  heads  erased  and  a  portcullis 
in  base  az. 

Fursman  (granted  1742,  to  Eev.  John  Forsman,  M.A., 
Chancellor  and  Canon  Residentiary  of  the  Cathedral  Church 
of  St.  Peter,  Exeter,  Rector  of  Lawhilton,  co.  Cornwall,  and 
Vicar  of  Lamerton,  co.  Devon,  son  of  Richard  Fursman,  of 
the  parish  of  Lamerton,  by  Johanna,  his  wife,  dau.  of 
Robert  Rowe,  of  same  parish,  and  grandson  of  Thomas 
Fdbsman,  also  of  Lamerton,  where  his  ancestors  lived  in 
good  reputation  for  several  ages.  The  grant  was  to  Rev. 
John  Fcrsman  and  his  descendants,  with  liiierty  to  place 
the  arms  on  the  tomb  of  his  wife,  Martha,  dau.  of  Jasper 
Radcliff,  of  St.  Thomas,  near  Exeter,  and  his  dau., 
Martha  Forsman,  both  deceased,  and  with  a  provLso  that  if 
the  heirs  male  of  the  body  of  the  grantee  should  fail,  the 
arms  and  crest  might  be  borne  by  Thomas  Wyat,  son  of 
Tbomas  Wyat,  of  Tavistock,  by  Agnes,  his  wife,  dau.  and 
heir  of  Richard  Forsman,  elder  brother  of  the  grantee's 
father,  also  named  Ricuaro  Forsman).  Gu.  a  saltire  dove- 
tailed ar.  betw.  a  book  expanded  in  chief  ppr.  inibeleshed 
gold  and  three  crosses  botony  or.  Crest — A  lien  pass,  with 
wings  elevated  ar.  collared  dovetailed  gu.  reposing  the 
dexter  paw  on  a  cross  as  in  the  arms. 

Fyan  (Dublin;  Ft  an.  Mayor  of  Dublin.  Collection  of 
Molyneux,  Ulster,  1597-1632).  Per  fesse  sa.  and  erm.  on  a 
chev.  or.  three  quarterfoils  az.  in  chief  as  many  covered 
cups  of  the  third.  Crist—  A  demi  woman  ppr.  habited  per 
pale  or  and  ar.  holding  in  the  right  hand  a  branch  of  lily 
ppr.  leaved  gold  flowered  also  ar. 

Fysh  (Philip  Oakley  Fysh,  Esq.,  of  HobartTown,  Tasmania) 
Az.  within  two  barrulets  wavy  ar.  a  fret  or.  betw.  as  many 
bezants,  the  whole  betw.  three  flying  tish  ppr.  Crot — 
l.ssuant  from  a  wreath  of  red  coral  a  cubit  arm  vested  az. 
cuffed  ar.  in  the  hand  a  flying  tish  ppr.  A/o?^o-Nitor  in 
adversum. 


GALiLiFNOA  (Llandogo,  co.  Monmouth).  Per  fesse  or  and 
gu.  in  chief  a  game  cock  sa.  armed,  crested,  and  wattled  of 
the  second,  in  base  a  lion  passant  ar.  impaling  Johnssom. 
3/o((o— Vigil  et  fortis.  The  family  possesses  a  document 
from  the  Heralds  Office  of  Turin,  countersigned  by  the 
English  Minister,  dated  1858,  which  testifies  that  these  arms 
have  been  borne  by  the  family  since  the  15th  century.  The 
family  has  no  crest. 

G-alt  (Rockmount,  Shirbrooke  and  Montreal,  Canada,  Sir 
Alexander  Tilloch  Galt,  G.C.M.G.,  High  Commissioner, 
representing  the  Dominion  of  Canada  in  England,  son  of 
John  Galt,  author  of  "The  Entail,"  and  other  popular 
novels).  Per  fesse  gu.  and  or,  in  chief  an  open  book  betw. 
two  thistles,  leaved  and  slipped  and  in  base  on  waves  of  the 
sea  a  ship  under  sail  all  ppr.  Crest — In  front  of  a  demi 
archer  equipped  ppr.  habited  vert,  holding  a  drawn  bow  and 
arrow,  also  ppr.  a  thistle  leaved  and  slipped  or.  Motto — 
Semper  paratus. 

Qal'way,  Tcwn  of  (co.  Galway).  Ar.  waves  of  the  sea 
in  base  ppr.  thereon  a  galley  or  ancient  war  ship,  charged 
on  the  rigging  with  two  mullets  all  sa.  on  an  escutcheon  of 
pretence  the  royal  arms,  as  borne  by  the  later  Plantagenet 
and  the  Tudor  sovereign.',  viz.,  quarterly,  1st  and  4th, 
France,  Az.  three  fleurs-de-lis  or ;  2nd  and  3id,  England, 
gu.  three  lions  pass,  guard,  in  pale  or. 

Oardiner  (King's  Brompton,  co.  Somerset,  High  Sheriff  of 
that  CO.  in  1737).  Gu.  a  plain  fesse  with  cotises  engr.  ar- 
betw.  four  roses,  three  in  chief  and  one  in  base  of  the  last. 
Creit — A  stag  ppr.  the  dexter  forelegsnpporting  an  scutcheon 
ar.  charged  with  four  lozenges  conjoined  in  fesse  gu.  betw. 
two  barrulets  sa. 

Gardner  (Beechfleld,  Croxteth  Road,  Liverpool,  and  Fluke 
Hall,  FMeetwood,  co.  Lancaster ;  Richard  Cardwbll 
Gardner,  Esq.,  J. P.,  Alderman  of  Liverpool  for  25  years, 
and  Mayor,  1862-3,  vi.  1828,  the  dau.  and  heiress  of  Johm 
.Sykes,  Esq.,  of  Fluke  Hall,  and  d.  29  Dec.  i88'3,  leaving 
John  Sykes  Gardner,  six  other  sons,  and  three  daus.). 
Per  fesse  gu.  and  or,  a  pale  three  griffins'  heads  erased  (two 
and  one)  and  as  many  roses  (one  and  two),  all  counter- 
changed,  an  escutcheon  of  pretence  for  Sykes,  viz.,  sa.  a 
fountain  ppr.  betw.  three  molehills  or.  Crest — In  front  of 
two  half  spades  in  saltire  a  griffin's  head  erased  all  ppr. 
Motto — Animo  et  fide. 

Qamett-Orme  (Tarn  House,  Skipton  in  Craven,  West 
Biding  co.  York  ;  exemplified  to  George  Robinson,  Esi^., 
of  Tarn  House,  Lieut. -Col.  commanding  9th  batt.  Wesi, 
Riding  Volunteers,  Senior  District  Registrar  of  the  Supreme 
Court  of  Justice,  and  Senior  Registrar  of  the  County  Court, 
CO.  Y'ork,  and  to  Mary  Hester,  his  wife,  and  to  their  issue 
upon  their  assuming,  by  royal  licence,  dated  6  March,  1882, 
the  surnames  of  Garnett-Orme,  in  lieu  of  that  of  Robinson, 
and  the  arms  of  Orme  and  Garnett  quarterly.  Quarterly, 
1st  and  4th,  Orme,  az.  an  eagle  displ.  or,  in  chief  three 
battle  axes  of  the  last;  2nd  and  3rd,  Garnett,  gu.  a  lion 
ramp.  ar.  within  a  bordure  invected  or,  over  all  a  bend  erm. 
charged  with  three  covered  cups  az.  Crests — Orme,  in 
front  of  a  battle  axe  in  bend  surmounted  by  a  tilting  spear 
in  bend  sinister  ppr.  a  dolphin  naiant  ar. ;  Garnett,  a 
dexter  arm  erect  ppr.  grasping  two  sea  lions'  heads  erased 
respectant  and  saltirewise  ar.  Mottoes — Deus  refugium 
nostrum,  Obme  ;  Diligentia  et  honore,  Gabnbtt. 

Garrard  (Shinfleld,  co.  Berks;  Gilbert  Garrard,  of  Shin- 
field,  b.  16'26,  son  of  Gilbert  Gabrabd,  of  Shinfield,  d.  1659, 
and  grandson  of  Tdomas  Garrard,  of  same.  Visit.  Berks, 
1G64).  Az.  a  chev.  engr.  erm.  quartering,  ar.  two  bars  gu. 
on  a  canton  per  pale  sa.,  and  of  the  second  a  boar's  head  or. 
Crest — Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  a  demi  lion  ramp.  az. 

Garrard  (Lambome,  co.  Berks;  descended  from  Thomas 
Gabrabd,  (i.  1657.  Visit.  Berks,  1664).  Same  .<4rHi4,  with- 
out the  quartering,  a  crescent  for  diff. 

Garrard  (Bockington,  co.  Berks  ;  Philip  Garrard,  b,  1619,* 
descended  from  Garrard  of  Laucboriie.  Visit.  Berks,  1664). 
Same  Arms,  a.  mullet  on  a  crescent  for  diff.  Crest — Same  as 
Garrard  of  Hhivfield. 

Garrard  (Inkpen,  co.  Berks;  Robert  Garrard,  Deputy 
Steward  of  Newbury,  b.  1621,  descended  from  Garrard  of 
Lo.mborne.  Visit  Berks,  1664).  Same  Aruu  and  Crttt, 
a  crescent  on  a  crescent  for  diff. 


GAB 


SUPPLEMENT. 


GLY 


Oarrard  (Midgbam,  co.  Berks  ;  Kichakd  Gabeabd,  6.  1631, 
of  Midgbam,  descended  from  Qakkakd  of  lambome.    Visit. 
Berks,  1664).    Same  Anrn  and  Crest  as  Garbakd  of  Booking- 
ton. 
(Jarroway  (Netherfleld,   co.  Lanark,  1883).     Ar.   a  chev. 
betw.  two  escallops  in  chief  and  a  cinquefoil  in  base  gu. 
Ci-tst — A  gri£Bn  pass.  or.    Motto — Aut  vincere  aut  mori. 
Gatehouse  (Chichester,  co.  Sussex;    George  Gatehocse, 
Esq.).    Per  fesse  az.  and  gu.  in  chief  seven  mullets,  four  and 
three  ar.  and  in  base  on  a  mount  an  embattled  >;ateway  with 
portcullis  all  ppr.     Crest— In  front  ot  two  keys  saltirewiseaz. 
a  portcullis  ar.     Motto— -Qmx  serata  secura. 
Oathorne  (granted  and  exemplified  ioGathobneGathobne- 
Ha«dt,  Vitcount  Cranbrook,  to  be  borne  quarterly  in  the 
2nd  ami  3rd  quarter,  with   Habdt).     Per  pale  ar.  and  or,  a 
ber.d  conipony  az.  and  gu.  betw.  two  pellets  each  within  an 
annulet  sa.     Cce»f— In  front  of  a  woU's  head  erased  ar.  a 
staff  raguly  fessewise  or. 
Gtathome-Hardy,  Vitcount  Cranbrook.    See  Habdt. 
Oawen  (Horsington,  co.  Somerset,  and  Norington,  co.  Wilts  ; 
TaoMAS  Gawen,    of  Horsington,    temp.  James  I.,    son   of 
Thomas    Gawen,    and    grandson   of  William   Gawen,    of 
Norington.     Visit.  Somerset,  1623).     Erm.  on  a  saltire  engr. 
az.  five  fleurs-de-lis  or,  quartering  Delameke,  viz.,  Gu.  two 
lions  pass.  ar. 
Gerard  (Earon  Uerard).     Ar.  a  saltier  gu.     Creil—X  lion 
ramp.  erm.  crowned  or.     Suptwrters — On  either  side  a  lion 
erm.  ducally  crowned  or,  gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  gu.  and 
suppoitinf^  a  tilting  spear  ppr.     Motto — En  Dieu  est  mon 
^sperai  ce. 
Oibb  (Saio  vbet  Gibb').    Gu.  a  cubit  arm  erect  grasping  an 
arrow  in  be  id  sinister  point  downwards  betw.  four  mullets 
in  cross  or,  the  whole  within  a  bordure  wavy  erminois. 
Gibbons  (granted  to  Bev.  Benjamin  Gibbons,  of  PooUands, 
ifec,  page  396).     The  crosses  on  the  chief  in  this  arms  are 
potent,  not  pattfie.     There  is  a  second  Motto  (placed  over  the 
crest),  viz.,  Accipe  crucem. 
Gibbs  (Venton,  co.  Devon  ;   an  old  family,  from  which  are 
presumed  to  descend  Gibbes,  Bavt.,  of  Barbados,  and  Gidbs, 
of  Aldenham,  co.  Hcrtfuril).     Ar.  three  battle  axes  sa. 
Gibbs  (South  I'errott,  co.  Dorset,  iwt  Devon,  as  erroneously 

printed  at  page  397). 
Gibbs  (Aldenham,  co.  Hertford,  and  Clifton  Hampden,  co. 
Oxford.      George   Henry    Gibbs,   Esq.,  of   Aldenham,    m. 
Caroline,  dau.  of  Kev.  Charles  Ckawlet,  Kector  of  Stow, 
CO.  Northampton,  and  wass.  by  his  eldest  son,  Henry  Hucks 
Gibbs,  Esq.,  of  Aldenham,  J. P.,  a  Commissioner  of  Lieu- 
tenancy for  London,  and  a  Director  of  tlie  Bank  of  England). 
Ar.   three   battle  axes  sa.   a  bonier   nebulce   of   the   last, 
quartering  for  Hccks  of  .-Mdenhain,  Ar.  two  chevronels  betw. 
three  owls  az.      Crest — In  front  of  a  rock  a  dexter  arm  eni- 
bowed  in  armoui,   the  hand  in  a  gauntlet  ppr.  holding  a 
battle  axe  sa.     Molto—I'enax  propositi. 
Gibbs  (Tyntcslleld    and  Charlton,  co.  Somerset,  and  Clyst 
St.    George,   co.   Devon).     Aruu,   «fcc.,   same  as  Gibbs  ot 
Aldenham. 
Gibson  (Dublin;  Collection  of  Molyneux,  Ulster,  l.'>97-1632, 
sheriff  of  the  city  of  Dublin).     Paly  of  six  erm.  and  ar.  on  a 
chief  of  the  last  a  fret  betw.  two  crescents  sa.     Crest — Ari 
ostrich  ar.  beaked,  legged,  and  ducally  gorged  gu. 
Gibson    (MiLNtB-GiasoN,    Theberton    House,    co.   Suffolk ; 
Right  Hon.  Thomas    Mh.neb-Gibson,    M.l'.,    {'resident    of 
the  Board  of  Trade,  1H;')9  to  l»6fi.  only  son  of  Major  Thomas 
Milneb-Gibson,  37th  regt..  by  Isabella,  his  wife.  dau.  of 
H.  Gloveb,  Esq.,  of  Chester, was  b.  Is06,  m.  183'2,  Abethusa- 
S(;8anna,  only  dau.  and  heir  of  Sir  Thomas  Gery  CnLLU.M, 
8th  bart.,  of  Hnwstead  and  Hard  wick,  and  had  with  other 
issue,   .Jasper  Joseph  Milner- Gibson  and   George  Gery 
MiLNER-GiBson-CuLi.uM,  (sccCuLLUM).  Az.  three  bridle-bits 
chevronwise  or,  betw.  as  many  storks  rising  ar.     Crert — A 
•tork  close  ar.  holding  in  the  beak  a  branch  of  laurel  ppr. 
retting  the  dexter  foot  on  a  bridle-bit  or. 
Gilbert  (Dublin  ;  Collection  of  Molyneux,  Ulster,  1.597-1632). 
(iu.  two  b.im  erminoio,  in  chief  three  fleurs-de-lis,  ar.     Crest 
Out  nf  a  ducal  coronet  ppr.  a  buck's  head  or. 
Gill  (Blairythun.  co.  Aberdeen.     This  fumily.  which  is  repre- 
■eniid  by  David  (Jill,  Esq.,  LL.D.,  F.ft.S.,  of  Blairytlinn, 
a  .Magistrate  for  co.  Aberdeen,  and  an  eminent  astronoiiipr, 
settled  in  that  county  and  the  neighbouring  one  of  Baiifl, 
upwards  of  three  centuries  and  a  half  ago,  and  descends  from 
Albiander  Gill,   of   Auchfyne,    IJuchnn,    Aberdeenshire, 
«bo  d.  hefoic  ItiH;.     Lozengy  ar.  and  vert,  on  a  chief  gu. 


three  martlets  of  the  first.  Crest — A  demi  eagle  rising  ppr. 
Motto  over,  Sursuni  prorsusque.  Motto — In  te  Domine  »pe» 
nostra. 
Gilpin  (Halverstown  House,  co.  Kildare,  and  HocktifT 
Grange,  co.  Bedford;  exemplitied  to  Lieut. Peter  Valentine 
Gilpin,  and  Amy  Mary  Louisa  Gilpin,  his  wife,  upon  their 
assuming  by  royal  licence,  dated  1  Feb.  1884,  the  surname 
of  Gilpin  in  lieu  of  I'ur.CELL.  in  compliance  with  a  deed  of 
entail  of  the  Hockliff  estates  executed  by  Sir  Bichard 
Gilpin,  Bart.,  of  Hockliff).  Or,  a  boar  pass.  sa.  in  chief  two 
roses  gu.  barbed  and  seeded  ppr.  a  canton  az.  for  diff. 
(The  canton  az.  for  diff.  to  be  omitted  by  their  de- 
scendants). Crest — In  front  of  three  tilting  spears  points 
upwards,  one  in  pale,  two  in  saltire  ppr.  as  many  mascles 
interlaced  fessways  or. 
Gladvrln  (Goodwin-Gladwin.  Richard  Henry  Goodwin- 
Gladwin,  Esq  ,  of  Hinchley  Wood  House,  Mappleton,  co. 
Derby,  J. P.,  late  Capt.  6th  Royals,  assumed  by  royal  licence, 
28  April,  1881,  the  name  and  arms  of  Gladwin.  Arms 
granted,  1686,  to  Thomas  Gladwin,  of  Tupton  Hall,  High 
Sheriff  of  Derbyshire).  Erm.  a  chief  az.  over  all  on  a  bend 
gu.  a  sword  in  bend  ar.  hilt  or.  Crtst—A  lion  sejant  ar. 
guttee  de  sang,  holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a  sword,  as  in 
the  arms. 
Glascock    (page   402).      The  following  are   more  correct 

blazons  of  the  arms  registered  to  this  family : 
Glascock  (Trenchfoile,  parish  of  Chignal,  Smealy,  co.  Essex, 
owners  of  the  manor  from  the  marriage  of  John  Glascock 
with  Alice  Trenchfoile,  heires  of  the  manor  temp. 
Edward  111.,  also  Patrons  of  the  Rectory.  Arms  granted 
by  Dethick.  Garter,  20  Feb.  anno.  6  Edward  VI.).  Erm.  a 
chev.  sa.  betw.  three  cocks  az.  beaked,  wattled,  combed,  and 
legged  or.  Crest — A  dragon's  head  couped  per  pale  ar.  and 
gu.  l.mgued  az.  dented  ppr. 
Qlascock  (Noteley,  and  Timperley,  same  co.).     Same  Arm$ 

and  Crest,  the  chev.  charged  with  a  crescent  for  diff. 
Glascock  (Much    Dunmow  and  Roxwell,  same  co. ;  arms 
contirined    and    crest   granted    by   Cooke,   Clarenceux,    14 
July,  1,')71).     Same  Arms,  the  chev.  charged  with  a  mullet 
or,  lor  diff.     Crest— OM  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a  dragon's 
head  per  pale  ar.  and  az. 
Glascock  (Daary  and  Ballyroan,  Queen's  Co.  and  Dublin, 
Reg.  Ulster  s  Off.).     Same  ^rois.     C/e«£— A  cock  az.  beaked, 
wattled,    combed,   and  legged  or,   holding  in  the  beak  aD 
annulet  gu.     Motto — Vigil  et  audax. 
Glascock    (Hertshobury,    in   Farnhain,   and   Aldham,  co. 
Essex.      Visit.     Essex,     1661).      Same     Arnn.       Cres  —An 
antelope's  head  erased  ar.  collared  sa.  attired  or. 
Glascock  (Felstedbury,  co.  Esscx,  and  Wormley,  co.  Hert- 
ford;   assigned   by  Sir  Richard  St.  George,    1634).     Same 
vJn/i.t.  the  clievron  cliarged  with  a  bezant  for  diff.     Creft — 
An  antelope's  head  ar.  attired  or,  gorged  with  a  garter  sa. 
garnished  and  buckled  gold. 
Glascott  (Aldeitown,   <fcc.).      Page  402,  for   "co.    Essex," 

read  "  co.  Warwick." 
Qlencross  (Luxtowe,  Liskeard,  co.  Cornwall;  Rev.  James 
Glencross,  M.A.,  J.P.).  Per  s.iltire  erm.  and  az.  a  lion 
ramp,  or,  holding  in  the  dexter  forepaw  a  cross  paionce  of 
the  last  in  chief  three  chaplets  of  oak  ppr.  fructed  gold. 
Crfst — A  greyhound  ar.  charged  on  the  body  with  a  cross 
patonce  az.  resting  the  dexter  forefoot  on  a  chaplet,  as  in 
the  arms.  Motto — A  cruce  salus. 
Glyd  (Brightling,  co.  Sussex,  and  London;  Tuo.mas, 
Richard  Geoffkey,  and  Michael  Glyd,  sons  of  Ricuabd 
Glyd,  of  Brightling,  who  was  son  of  Thomas  Glvd,  and 
grandson  of  Richard  Glyd,  lioth  of  same  place.  Visit. 
London,  1633  34).  Ar.  on  a  bend  az.  betw.  three  annulets 
sa.  six  tleurs-de-lis,  two,  two,  and  two,  within  two  crosses 
crosslet  or.  Crest— A  griffin  scjeant  the  dexter  furepaw 
elevated  sa.  wings  elevated  and  plain  collared  and  lined  gu. 
Glynn  (Glynn,  Cornwall).  Ar.  three  salmon  spears,  points 
downwards  sa.  quartering  or,  a  bull  pass,  sa.,  for  Tbecabne, 
and  az.  three  battle  axes  or,  a  martlet  for  diff.,  for  Uichabd 
Dents.  Crest — A  demi  talbot  erm.  eared  or,  allowed  at 
Visit.  Cornwall,  1620.  Since  that  date  other  quarterings 
have  been  brought  in  by  heiresses,  viz.,  1,  through  the 
marriage  of  Nicholas  Glynn,  M.P.  for  Bodmin,  with  Gbb- 
trcde,  dau.  and  eventually  sole  heiress  of  Anthony  Dennis, 
Esq.,  ol  Orleigh.  Anthony  Dennis,  who  bore  az.  three 
batil»axes  or,  wusheadof  un  ancient  family  entitled  to  many 
quartermg.s;  2,  through  the  marriage  of  Dennis  Glynn, 
of  Glynn,  with  Elizabeth,  dau.  and  co-heir  of  Samcbl 
FooTE,  Esq,,  of  Wembworthy  Manor,  near  Tiverton,  or,  a 
chev.   and  in   chief  a  trefoil   slipped   sa. ;    3,  through  the 


aoD 


SUPPLEMENT. 


GRI 


msiriage  of  William  Glynn,  of  Glynn,  with  Rose,  dau., 
and  at  the  death  of  her  brother  in  ITZS,  co-heir  of  John 
Prideacx,  of  Prideaux  Place,  Padstow  ;  Ar.  a  chev.  sa.  and 
in  chief  a  label  of  three  points  gu.  with  many  quarterings. 

Chjdwyn  (Wokey  and  Wells,  Somerset.  Visit.  Somerset, 
1623).    Sa.  a  chev.  erm.  betw.  three  leopards'  faces  or. 

Q-oldney  (Beechfteld  and  Bradenstoke  Abbey,  co.  Wilts, 
Bart.  Created  U  May,  1880).  Per  pale  gu.  and  az.  on  a 
bend  betw.  two  eagles  displ.  arg.  three  garbs  sa.  banded  or. 
Crest — A  garb  sa.  banded  or.  Motto  —  Honor  virtutis 
preemium. 

G-oldsmid-SIontefi.ore.    See  Montefiore. 

Qooch  (Chahles  C.  Gooch,  Esq.,  8,  Porchesler  Gate,  Hyde 
Park,  London,  W.).  Per  pale  or  and  sa.  two  chevronels 
betw.  three  talbota  pass,  counterchanged  on  a  chief  gu. 
three  leopards'  faces  jessant-de-lis  of  the  first.  Crest — A 
talbot  pass,  per  pale  or  and  sa.  charged  on  the  body  with 
two  annulets  counterchanged,  and  holding  in  the  mouth  a 
b^ton  also  sa.     Motto — ilemor  at  gratus. 

Gore.     See  Hickma.n. 

Gorg'es  (co.  Somerset;  Sir  Ferdinando  Gorges,  knighted 
1591  ;  son  of  Kdward  Gorges,  and  grandson  of  ED.MtJND 
Gorges,  who  was  eldest  son  of  Sir  Edmusd  Gorges,  whose 
father.  Sir  Edmdnd  Gorges,  was  in  ward  to  John  Howard, 
temp.  Edward  IV.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Lozengy  or  and 
az.  a  chev.  gu.  a  mullet  for  diff.  quartering  Russell, 
Gorges,  Pennington,  and  Enolowise.  Cnst — A  greyhound's 
head  couped  ppr.  collared  or. 

G-OSSe  (co.  Radnor;  William  Gosse,  High  Sheriff  of  the 
county,  1755).  Erm.  three  fleurs-de-lis  gu.  Crest — A  sword 
in  pale  ppr.  pommel  and  hilt  or,  betw.  two  branches  of  laurel 
vert.    Motto— En  Dieu  est  ma  foy. 

Goulter  (Ctrcs  Gocltel,  Esq.,  of  New  Zealand).  Gu.  a 
cross  moline  and  in  chief  three  crescents  ar.  Crest — Kive 
annulets  fessewise  interlaced  or,  thereon  a  crescent  ar. 
Motto — Dedit  aemula  virtus. 

Qoulter  (Thomas  Morse  Godlter,  Esq..  of  Almondsbury,, 
Gu.  two  battle  axes  in  saltire  betw.  as  many  anchors  in 
pale,  and  as  many  mullets  of  six  points  infesseall  or.  Crest — 
A  cubit  arm  vested  gu.  cuff  ar.  the  hand  ppr.  holding  a 
battle  axe  sa.  suspended  from  the  wrist  by  a  chain,  an 
escocheon  or,  charged  with  an  anchor  also  sa. 

Grace  (Hamilton  Grace,  Knole,  Frant,  Tunbridge  Wells, 
CO.  Sussex ;  Lieut.-Col.  Sheffield  Hamilton  Grace,  of 
Knole,  only  son  of  Sheffield  Grace,  Esq.  of  Knole,  LL.  D., 
by  Harriet  Georgiana.  his  wife,  dau  of  General  Sir  John 
James  Hamilton,  1st  bart.,  of  Woodbrook,  and  sister  and 
co-heir  of  Sir  James  John  Hamilton,  2nd  bart.  of  Wood- 
brook,  assumed  by  royal  licence,  dated  21  Feb.  1880,  the 
prefix  surname  of  Hamilton).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  gu. 
a  lion  ramp,  per  fesse  ar.  and  or,  a  crescent  for  diff.,  for 
Grace.  2nd  and  3rd  counter  quartered.  1st  and  4th,  gu.  three 
cinquefoils  erm.  2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  a  lymphad,  sails  furled, 
sa.  in  the  fessc  point,  a  crescent  of  the  last,  together 
with  the  honourable  augmentation,  viz.,  a  chief  ar.  there- 
upon a  mount  vert,  inscribed,  "  Alba  de  Tormes,"  in  letters 
Isold,  a  castle,  with  the  wail  on  either  side  broken,  and  from 
the  battlement  the  flag  of  Spain  flying  ppr.,  for  Hamilton, 
of  Woodbrook.  Crests — 1st,  Grace,  a  demi  lion  ramp,  a r. 
Motto  over.  En  grace  aff6;  2nd,  for  hon.  augmentation,  a 
mount  vert,  thereon  a  castle,  as  in  the  arras,  and  in  the 
escrole  above  the  Motto  over  "Alba  de  Tormes;"  3rd, 
Hamilton,  an  oak  tree  ppr.  charged  with  a  crescent  sa.  a 
frame  saw,  through  the  fessewise,  also  ppr.  Motto  over. 
Through.     Motto — Concordant  nomine  facta. 

Grace  (as  borne  by  Mrs.  Sdsan  Gates,  of  Meanwoodside, 
Leeds,  co.  York,  only  silrviving  daughter  and  heiress  of 
Edward  Grace,  Esq.,  of  St.  Anne's,  Burley,  Leeds,  J. P.). 
Gu.  a  lion  ramp,  per  fess  erm.  and  erminois,  betw.  two 
roses  ar.  barbed  and  seeded  ppr. 

Graham  (Master  Robert  Graham,  citizen  of  London,  &c., 
p.  418).  The  correct  blazon  of  this  coat  is  sa.  on  a  chev. 
ar.  betw.  three  escallops  or,  a  rose  gu.  barbed  vert. 

Graham  (Vicar  of  Ashampstead,  Berks,  formerly  Wester- 
kirk,  CO.  Dumfries).  Or,  on  a  bend  sa.  three  escallops  of 
the  field.  Crest — An  eagle  preying  on  a  heron  ppr.  Motto 
— N'oublie. 

Graham  (Savage-Graham  ;  exemplified,  27  July,  1878,  to 
Charles  Russell  Graham,  of  Clonboo,  co.  Tipperary, 
gentleman,  son  of  Hugh  Graham,  of  Belfast,  merchant, 
deceased,  by  Charlotte  Seli.na  Savage,  otheinisc  Graham, 


his  wife,  also  deceased,  on  his  assuming  by  royal  licence 
the  surname  of  Savage,  in  addition  to  and  before  that  of 
Graham  and  the  arms  of  Graham).  Quarterly:  1st  and  4th, 
Graham,  or,  on  a  chev.  gu.  betw.  in  chief  two  escallops  of 
the  2nd,  and  in  base  a  trefoil  slipped  vert,  a  tower  ppr. ; 
2nd  and  3rd,  Savage,  gu.  six  lions  ramp.  ar.  three,  two,  and 
one  betw.  two  flaunclies  or,  each  charged  with  a  rose  of  the 
first,  barbed  and  seeded  ppr.  Crests — 1st,  Graham  :  An 
eagle,  wings  endorsed  ppr.  charged  on  the  breast  with  an 
escallop  ar.  and  holding  in  the  beak  a  trefoil  slipped  vert; 
2nd,  Savage  :  A  lion's  gamb  erect  or,  charged  with  a  rose 
gu.  barbed  and  seeded  ppr. 

Granado  (SirJAQUEsGRANADO,  knt..  Equerry  to  Henry  VIII. 
Kis  dau.  and  heiress  m.  Edward  Chester,  Esq.,  of  Royston, 
Herts).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  az.  three  eagles' legs  or; 
2nd  and  3rd,  or,  a  Moor's  head  and  neck  ppr.  couped  at  the 
8ho\ilder  gu.  wreathed  round  the  temples  ar.  over  all  an 
inescutcheon  or,  charged  with  a  pomegranate  slipped  ppr. 
Crest — A  pomegranate  slipped  ppr. 

Grang-er  (Thomas  Colpitts  Granger,  Esq.,  Q.C,  M.P.  for 
Durham  city).  Az.  on  a  fesse  ar.  betw.  three  pomegranates 
ppr.  slipped  and  leaved  or,  two  portcullises  gu.  chained  gold. 
Crest — .\n  arm  embowed,  vested  az.  and  cuffed,  ar.  elbow  to 
the  sinister,  the  hand  grasping  a  portcullis  gu.  by  the 
chains  or. 

Grantham  (Barcombe  Place,  in  the  parish  of  Barcombe,  co. 
Sussex).  Erm.  a  gryphon  segreant  gu.  holding  betw.  the 
claws  an  escocheon  or,  charged  with  a  cross  crosslet  sa. 
in  chief  two  cross  crosslcts  of  the  second.  Crest — A  demi 
gryphon  gu.  charged  on  the  body  with  two  cross  crosslets 
palewise  or,  betw.  the  claws  an  escocheon  also  or,  charged 
with  a  cross  crosslet  sa.     Motto — Forward. 

Gray  (Kinfauns,  co.  Perth,  and  Balmerino,  co.  Fife).  Gu. 
a  lion  ramp.  ar.  within  a  bordure  engr.  of  the  last  charged 
in  middle  chief  with  a  crescent  of  the  field.  Crest — An 
anchor  or.     Motto — Anchor  fast  anchor. 


Greatorej 


Same  as  Greatrakes. 


Greaves  ('Sheffield,  co.  York).  Per  bend  gu.  and  or,  an 
eagle  displ.  betw.  four  quatrefoils  in  cross  all  counterchanged. 
Crest — A  demi  eagle  displ.  or,  wings  chequy  gold  and  gu. 
holding  in  the  beak  three  quatrefoils  slipped  vert. 

Greene  (Milton  Clifton,  co.  Somerset ;  John  Greene,  temp. 
James  1.,  son  of  Bartholomew  Greene,  grandson  of 
Mathew  Greene,  and  great-grandson  of  William  Greenb, 
all  of  same  place.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Ar.  on  a  fret  az. 
five  bezants  a  chief  sa.  charged  with  a  buck  statant  betw. 
two  mullets  or,  pierced  gu.  Crest — An  arm  erect  habited 
vert,  holding  in  the  hand  a  branch  of  holly  ppr.  fructed  gu. 

Greenwell  (London  ;  borne  by  Walpole  Eyre  Greenwell, 
Esq.).  Same  Arras,  Crest,  and  Motto  as  Greenwell,  of 
Greenwell,  co.  Durham. 

Gregrory  (Buscott,  co.  Berks,  and  Cuxham,  co.  Oxford, 
Edmund  Gregory,  of  Buscott,  b.  1620,  son  of  Giles 
Gregory,  of  Cuxham,  and  grandson  of  Edmund  Gregory, 
of  same  place.  Visit.  Berks  1644).  Or,  three  bars  az.  in 
chief  a  lion  pass,  of  the  last.     Ciest — A  demi  boar  salient  or. 

Greville  (Baron  Greville ;  Algernon  William  Fclkb 
Greville,  2nd  Lord  Greville,  has  been  confirmed  by  royal 
licence,  in  the  surname  and  supporters  of  Greville.  Sa. 
on  a  cross  within  a  bordure  both  engr.  or,  five  pellets  a 
crescent  for  diff.  Supporters — On  either  side  a  swan,  wings 
inverted  ar.  ducally  gorged  gu.  charged  on  the  breast 
with  a  pellet.  Crest — Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  gu.  a  demi 
swan  wings  expanded  and  elevated  ar.  Motto — Vix  ea 
nostra  voco. 

Grieve  (Branxholm  Park,  co.  Roxburgh).  Az.  on  a  fesse 

ar.  betw.  three  fetterlocks  ar.  a  mullet  sa.  Crest— An  arm 

in  armour  embowed,    the    hand    grasping  a  dagger  ppr. 
Motto— }loc  securior. 

Griffith  (city  of  Durham,  originally  of  co.  Carnarvon  ;  re- 
presented by  John  Charles  Griffith,  Esq.,  of  Prior's 
Mesne,  co.  Gloucester,  J. P.,  and  of  Morden,  co.  Durham). 
Erm.  a  lion  ramp.  gu.  Crest — A  demi  man  az.  with  a  cloth 
round  the  loins  indented  at  the  bottom,  on  the  dexter  breast 
a  sun,  and  on  the  sinister  a  crescent  and  on  the  stomach 
seven  stars,  in  the  dexter  hand  a  spear  the  end  resting  on 
the  thigh  all  or,  the  sinister  arm  resting  on  that  thigh. 

Grigrson  (Rev.  William  Grigson,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Whin- 
burgh -with -Westfield,  CO.  Norfolk,  sometime  of  Corpus 
Christi  Coll.  Camb,,  eldest  son  and  heir  of  Edward  Harvf.v 
Grigson,  of  Saham  Toney,  in  the  said  co.     I'atent  includes 


OBO 


SUPPLEMENT. 


BAN 


the  other  desceiidants  of  Bev.  Habvbt  Geiosoh).  Gu.  two 
bare  erm.  each  charged  with  as  many  crosses  pattee  fltchee 
at  the  foot  of  the  first  in  chief  three  annulets  ar.  Crett — A 
gryphon's  head  couped  chequy  ar.  and  sa.  encircled  by  an 
annulet  or. 

Grover  (The  Bury,  Heme!  Hempsted,  Herts,  and  Boveney 
Court,  Burnbam,  Bucks ;  registered  to  the  descendants  of 
IUrrt  Gkoveb,  Esq.  fdeceased),  of  the  Bury  and  Boveney). 
Per  bend  or  and  az.  a  pale  enfrr.  betw.  two  mullets  in  fesse 
all  counterchanced.  Great — A  dcmi  lion  gu.  gorged  with  a 
collar  gcmel,  holdingin  thedexter  paw  a  palm-branch  slipped 
and  resting  the  sinister  paw  on  a  mullet  all  or.  Motto — Le 
Roy,  la  Loy,  la  Foy.  Three  other  coats  have  been  used  for  the 
name  of  Gboveb.  The  Welsh  Groveb  family  de.'oended  from 
Brockbtt  Grover,  of  Porth-y-Glo,  near  Cardiff,  bears  Per 
bend  gu.  and  or,  a  pale  vair.  Crest — Out  of  a  cloud  in  the 
fiinister  an  arm  embowed  holding  a  garland  of  flowers  all 
ppr.  The  second  coat  appears  in  an  Alphabet  Inde.x,  College 
of  Arms,  temp.  Charles  II.,  viz.,  Per  bend  or  and  az.  a  pale 
barry  nebuly  of  ten  ar.  and  of  the  second  (probably  a  mis- 
representation of  vair) ;  and  the  third  on  a  brass  in  Eton 
College  Chapel,  placed  to  the  memory  of  the  Kev.  !John 
Septimus  Gboveb,  Vice-Provost,  son  of  Montagoe  Groveb, 
and  grandson  of  William  Grover,  Esq.,  of  Boveney  Court, 
Burnham,  co.  Buckingham,  whoil.  1745,  viz.,  per  bend  az.  and 
or,  a  pale  gu.  charged  with  five  bars  per  fesse  nebuly  ar. 
and  of  the  first.  This  coat  set  up  at  Eton,  which  is  quite 
nnhcraldic,  seems  to  be  unauthorized. 

Oroves  (Collection  of  Molyneux,  Ulster,  1597-1632).  Erm. 
on  a  chev.  cngr.  gu.  three  escallops  or.  6Ve«t— A  grey- 
bound  pass.  sa.  ducally  gorged  or. 

Qrowse  (Cowling,  Dallingham,  and  Bildeston,  co.  Suffolk, 
and  Wisbeach,  co.  Cambridge ;  Fredebick  Sal.'mon  Gbowse, 
Esq.,  Bengal  Civil  Service,  C.I.E.,  M.A.  Oxon,  is  son  of 
BoHEBT  Growse,  Esq.,  of  Bildeston,  and  great-grandson  of 
John  Gbowse,  Esq.,  of  Sutton).  Barry  of  six  or  and  sa.  a 
pile  counterchanged. 

Ouest  (Baron  Winihtrne).  Az.  on  chev.  or,  betw.  three 
swans'  heads  erased  ppr.  as  many  crosses  -  moline,  sa. 
Supporters — On  eacli  side  a  figure  habited  as  a  vulean, 
resting  bis  exterior  hand  on  an  anvil  and  holding  in  front 
thereof  a  sledge  hannner  all  ppr.  Crest — A  swan's  head 
era.sed  ppr.  gorged  with  a  collar  or,  and  underneath 
charged  with  a  cross-moline  as  in  the  arms  betw.  two  ostrich 
feathers  gold.     Motto — Ferro  nou  gladio. 

Guinness  {Baron  Ardilavn).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th, 
Guinness,  per  saltire  gu.  and  az.  a  lion  ramp,  or,  on  a  chief 
erm.  a  dexter  hand  couped  at  the  wrist  of  the  first,  a 
i-rescent  for  diff.  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  Lee,  arg.  on  a  fesse  betw. 
three  cresceius  .sa.  a  trefoil  or.  C)-eU«~l»t,  Guinness:  A 
boar  pass,  quarterly  or  and  gu.  a  crescent  for  dilT. ;  Und, 
Lee  :  On  a  pillar  arg.  encircled  by  a  ducal  coronet  or,  an 
eagle  preying  on  a  bird's  leg  erased  ppr.  Supporters — 
(Granted  by  Boyal  Warrant,  May,  1867,  to  Sir  Benjamin- 
Lee  Guinness,  Bart.,  and  the  heirs  male  of  his  body,  upon 
whom  the  dignity  of  a  baronet  shall  descen<l  in  virtue  of  the 
limitations  of  the  patent  of  the  15th  April,  1B67):  on  either 
side  a  stag  gu.  attired  and  gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  or, 
pendent  therefrom  by  a  chain  gold  an  escutcheon,  that  on 
the  dexter  cliargcd  with  the  arms  of  Guinness,  and  that  on 
the  sinister  with  the  arms  of  Lee.  Motto — .Spes  mea  in 
Deo. 

Gunter  (Milton,  co.  Wilts,  Gko»feey  GrNTER,  of  Milton, 
temp.  Henry  VIII.  Visit.  Berks  1664).  Sa.  three  dexter 
gauntlets  ar.  Crett. — An  antelope's  head  erased  per  pale  or 
and  sa. 

Gunter  (Kintbury,  co.  Berks,  Febdinando  Gunter,  of  Kint- 
bury,  b.  1606,  grandson  of  John  Gunter,  of  Kintbury,  3rd 
son  of  frKOFrRET  QuNTEB,  of  Mllton.  Visit.  Uerks  1604). 
Same  Arrm  and  CreJit.     A  mullet  for  diff. 

Gush  (William  FsKnEEitK  Gush,  Esq.,  5.3,  Sussex  Gardens, 
Hyde  I'arU,  London).  Sa.  a  fasces  erect  ppr.  betw.  two 
owls  ar.  a  clii.:f  trni.  Crr.it— \n  owl  ar.  holding  in  the 
beak  a  balance  or.     Afo£<o— Sapiens  ct  Justus. 

Gwynne  (New  Windsor,  Berks,  fiom  Montgomeryshire; 
Anne,  dau.  an<l  heir  of  William  Gwtn  or  Gwynne,  Auditor 
of  the  Exchequer,  m.  Kichard  Aldworiii,  Esq.,  of  Stun - 
lake,  BcrkHj.  ,Sa.  three  liorsen'  heads  erased  ar.  quartering 
Talke,  of  Apuddercomhe,  Isle  of  Wight.  C're»t — a  bear 
ps««.  »a.  feeding  on  a  bruich  of  ctnqucfoils  ppr.  and  trefoils 
*crl. 


HACKSHAW  (Hinton  St.  George  and  CorfTe,  co.  Somer- 
set, CO.  Cumberland,  and  London;  Hdmphbet  Hackshaw,  of 
London,  and  Uobebt  Hackshaw,  of  Hinlon  St.  George,  tem)K 
James  I.,  sons  of  William  Hackshaw.  of  CorfTe,  who  was 
grandson  of  William  Hackshaw,  co.  Cumberland.  Visit. 
Sonier.^t-t,  1623).  Or,  a  chev.  betw.  three  peacocks'  heads 
erased  gu. 

Haden  (Babrs-Haden,  High  Court,  co.  Stafford).  Quarterly, 
1st  and  4th,  sa.  on  a  pile  betw.  two  mullets  of  six  points  in 
base  ar.  a  human  leg  couped  at  the  thigh  az.,  for  Haden; 
2nd  and  3rd,  gu.  two  bars  eiigr.vair  betw.  five  annulets,  three 
in  chief  and  two  in  base  or,  for  Barrs.  Crests — 1st,  Haden: 
In  front  of  a  cubit  arm  in  armour  the  hand  grasping  an 
arrow  in  bend  sinister  a  morion  all  ppr.  2nd,  Barrs  :  Upon 
a  mount  vert  in  front  of  a  gate  or,  the  trunk  of  an  oak 
tree  eradicated  and  sprouting  towards  the  dexter  ppr. 
Motto — Disce  pati.     Haden,  see  Haden-Best. 

Hadley  (Simeon  Charles  Hadley,  Esq.,  of  London).  Gu. 
three  chev.  or,  betw.  as  many  falcons  belled  ar.  in  the 
centre  chief  point  a  buckle,  the  tongue  erect  of  the  second. 
Crest — Upon  a  mount  vert  a  falcon  belled  ar.  supporting 
in  the  dexter  claw  a  buckle  as  in  the  arms,  and  holding  ia 
the  beak  three  ears  of  wheat  or. 

Sag'gerstone  (co.  Northumberland).  Az.  on  a  bend 
cotised  ar.  three  garbs  of  the  field. 

Hai?  (Beinersyde,  co.  Berwick,  the  most  ancient  family  now 
subsisting  on  Tweedsflde  ;  for  more  than  seven  centuries 
the  Haigs  have  dwelt  at  Bemersyde  House, 

"Tyde  what  may  hetyde, 
Hatg  shall  be  Haig  of  Bemersyde." 

At  the  death  of  Sophia  Haig,  of  Bemersyde  in  1878,  the  estate, 
by  the  joint  disposition  of  herself  and  her  sisters,  the  co- 
heiresses, passed  to  Col.  Arthur  Balfour  Haig,  C.M.G., 
Equerry  to  H.R.H.  the  Duke  of  Edinburgh,  now  of  Bemer- 
syde). Az.  a  saltire  cantoned  with  two  mullets  in  chief  and 
base,  and  with  as  many  crescents  addorsed  in  the  fianks  ar. 
Cre.it  —A  rock  ppr.  Motto — Tyde  what  may,  above  the  crest ; 
and  Sola  virtus  invicta,  below  the  shield. 

Haig:  (The  Garttanda,  near  Alloa;  Roebuck,  co.  Dublin,  and 
kilan,  CO.  Cavan ;  descended  from  Uobebt,  2nd  son  of 
James  Haig,  17  th  laird).    Same  A  rim. 

Saig-  (Pen  Ithon,  co.  Radnor;  a  scion  of  Bemersyde, 
descended  also  from  Robebt,  2nd  son  of  James  Haig,  17th 
laird).      Same  Arms. 

Saig'h  (Longley,  co.  York),  claiming  to  be  of  the  Bemer- 
syde family,  uses  the  same  Arm^. 

Haldane  (Right  Uev.  James  Rorkbt  Alexander  Chinnert- 
Haldane,  Bishop  of  Argyle  and  t!ie  Isles).  Quarterly,  as 
Haldane  of  Gleneagles,  p.  440  ;  en  .i%trt.out,  az.  a  chev.  erm. 
betw.  three  lions  r.imp.  or,  on  a  canton  vert  a  harp  of  the 
third  stringed  ar.,  for  Chinnkry.  Orexla — On  dexter,  an 
eagle's  head  erased  or,  for  Haldane;  on  sinister.,  on  a  globe 
or,  an  eagle  rising  ppr.  collared  of  the  first,  for  Chinnebv. 
.Wo^oc'!— Suffer:  and  nee  tcinere  nee  limide.  Supporters- 
Two  eagles  ppr. 

Haldon,  Baron.    Sec  Palk. 

Hales-Tooke  (Baselet  Hales-Tookb,  Esq.,of  Salhouse).  Per 
rhcv.  sa.  and  ar.  in  the  centre  jioint  a  cross  p«ttee  counter- 
changed  betw.  in  chief  two  griffins'  heads,  erased  of  the 
second,  collared  gu.  and  in  base  a  griffin's  head  erased 
of  the  first,  collared  or.  Crest— A  griffin's  head  erased  sa. 
charged  on  the  neck  with  two  bendlets  ar.  and  holding  in  [; 
the  beak  a  sword  in  pale,  point  upwards  ar.  pommel  and 
hilt  or. 

Hamilton-Hoare.    See  Hoabb. 

Hancock  (South  Porrott,  co.  Somerset,  and  Preston,  co. 
Leicester :  Thomas  Hancock,  of  Gregory  Stoke,  temp. 
James  I.,  son  of  John  Hancock,  of  South  Perrott,  and 
grandson  of  Thomas  Hancock,  of  Preston.  Visit.  Somerset, 
16'.'.3).    Sa.  three  chevronels  betw.  as  many  cocks  ar. 

Handlcy  (Pavrnport-Handley,  Clipsham  Hall,  Oakham, 
CO.  RulUnd  :  William  IJavenpobt  Davenport,  Esq.,  of 
Bramham  Hull,  co.  (Chester  ;  .1.1'.  and  D.L.,  m.  as  his  2nd 
wife,  Diana  Ei.izabkth,  dau.  of  John  Handley,  Esq.,  of 
Muskhnm  Grange,  co.  Nottingham,  and  sister  of  Jobi« 
Handley,  Erq.,  of  Clipsham,  and  d.  1869,  leaving  by  her. 


HAN 


SUPPLEMENT. 


HAY 


John  William  Handlet  DavenpobtHandlet,  Esq.,  of 
Clipsham,  J. P.,  6.  1851,  who  assumed  by  royal  licence, 
1881,  the  additional  surname  of  Handlet,  in  compliance 
wirh  the  will  of  his  maternal  untie,  John  Handlet,  Esq.,  of 
Chpsham).  Quarterly,  Ist  and  4th,  ar.  three  mascles  in 
fesse  within  two  barrulets  gu.  all  betw.  three  goats  pass, 
sa.  bearded,  ungulcd  and  armed  or,  for  Handlet;  2nd 
and  3rd,  ar.  a  chev.  b?lw.  three  cross  crosslcts  fiichee  sa.  a 
canton  az.,  for  Davenport.  Crests — 1st,  Handlet,  A  goat 
pass.  sa.  bearded,  unjruled  and  armed  or,  charged  on  the 
body  with  two  niascles  interlaced  ar. ;  2nd,  Davenport,  a 
man's  head  in  profile  couped  at  the  shoulders  ppr.  around 
the  neck  a  rope  or,  and  charged  on  the  breast  with  a  cross 
crosslct  fltchee  sa.     Motto — Audaces  fortuna  juvat. 

Hankinson.  (Robert  Chatfield  Hankinson,  Esq.,  Eed 
Lodge,  North  Stoneham,  co.  Southampton).  Or,  on  a  saltire 
betw.  two  saltires  couped  in  pale  sa.  an  eagle  displ.  betw. 
four  cinquefoils  of  the  field.  Creit — An  eagle  displ.  sa. 
charged  on  each  wing  with  a  cinquefoil,  and  resting  each 
claw  on  a  saltire  couped  all  or.     iV/yfio— Propositi  tcnax. 

Sauna  (Paisley,  CO.  Renfrew  ;  represented  by  Hugh  Hanna, 
Esq.,  clerk  of  the  kitchen  to  George  III.,  who  d.  1831). 
Arin»  and  Crest  as  Hannat,  of  Sorbie. 

Hanson  (Bowden  Derra,  Lewannick,  Cornwall,  a  branch 
of  Hanson,  of  Rastric,  co.  York  ;  William  Dat  Hanson, 
Esq.,  is  now  of  Bowden  Derra,  J. P.  for  Cornwall:  con- 
firmed 17  July,  1652,  by  William  Ryley,  Norroy,  to  Edward 
Hanson  as  having  been  borne  by  his  ancestors).  Or,  a 
chev.  counter  componed,  ar.  and  az.  betw.  three  martlets,  sa. 
Crest — On  a  chapeau  az.  lined  ar.  a  martlet  volant  sa.  See 
Watson's  History  of  H.alifax,  page  266. 

Harbin  (Henbt  Harbin,  Esq.,  Seaford  Lodge,  Fellows- 
road,  London,  N.W.,  and  Hampstead,  co.  Middlesex).  Az. 
a  saltire  parted  and  fretty  betw.  two  spears  heads  in  pale, 
and  as  many  spurs  with  leathers  in  fesse  or.  Crest — A  cubit 
arm  in  armour,  the  hand  in  a  gauntlet  ppr.  holding  a  spur 
leathered  or,  betw.  two  roses  gu.  leaved  and  slipped  also 
ppr. 

Hard'Wicke  (Tytherington,  co.  Gloucester,  2nd  son  of  John 
Llotd  Davies,  Esq.,  of  Blaendyffyn,  co.  Cardigan,  by 
Elizabeth  Bluett,  his  wife,  only  child  of  Tuohas  Bloett 
Habdwicre,  Esq.,  of  Tytherington).  Ar.  a  saltire  nebulae 
az.  betw.  two  spear  heads  sa.  imbrued  in  fesse  on  a  chief 
of  the  second  three  roses  of  the  field  seeded  and  barbed 
vert.  Crest — A  stag  ppr.  supporting  with  the  dexter  fore- 
paw  a  scaling  ladder  sa.     Motto — Cervus  non  servus. 

Hardy  (Gathorne-Habpt,  VUcount  Cranhrook).  Quarterly, 
1st  and  4th,  Hardt:  Ar.  on  a  bend,  invectcd  plain  cottised 
gu.  three  Catherine  wheels  or,  on  a  chief  of  the  second 
as  many  leopards'  faces  of  the  third;  2nd  and  3rd, 
Gathorne:  Per  pale  arg.  and  or,  a  bend  compony  az.  and 
gu.  betw.  two  pellets,  each  within  an  annulet  sa.  Crests 
—  1st,  Habdt  :  A  dexter  arm  erobowed  in  armour  ppr. 
garnished  or,  entwined  by  a  branch  of  oak  vert  charged 
with  two  catlierine  wheels,  the  one  above  and  tlie  other 
below  the  elLiow  gu.  the  hand  grasping  a  dragon's  head, 
erased  ppr.;  2nd,  Gathorne;  In  front  of  a  wolfs  head 
erased  ar.  a  staff  raguly  fessewise  or.  Supporters — Two 
leopards  guardant  ppr.  each  gorged  with  a  collar  gu.  there- 
from pendent  an  escutcheon  of  the  last  charged  with  a 
Catherine  wheel  or.     Motto — Arme  de  foi  babdi. 

Harker  (John  Hareeb,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Hazel  Grove,  near  Bur- 
ton, CO.  Westmorland,  and  Lancaster).  Ar.  a  serpent  nowed 
ppr.  betw.  two  buglehoms  stringed  in  pale  sa.  as  many 
flanches  vaire  or  and  gu.  Crest — A  dexter  arm  embowed 
vested  per  pale  sa.  and  gu.  charged  with  two  escallops  or, 
cuff  ar.  the  hand  ppr.  holding  a  buglehorn  stringed  sa. 
Motto — Audio  et  juvo. 

Harkness  (Cragbeg  and  Garryfine,  co.  Limerick).  Gyronny 
of  eight  or  and  erm.  each  piece  charged  with  a  crescent 
alternate  gu.  and  az.  over  all  a  lion  ramp.  sa.  Crest — A 
dove  close  per  pale  or  and  vert,  holding  in  the  bill  an  olive 
branch  also  vert,  fructed  gold.    Motto — Hope  in  God. 

Hartlyngton,  or  Hertlyng-ton  (Hanlington  in 
Craven,  co.  York,  which  village  gave  name  and  residence 
to  a  knightly  family,  of  whom  William  de  Hartlington, 
Esq.,  the  last  of  the  name,  d.  12  Edward  IV.,  1473  ;  his  dau. 
and  heir,  Alicia  de  Hartltngton,  m.  Thomas  Metcalfe, 
Esq.,  of  Nappa,  in  Wensleydale,  co.  York;  Chancellor  of 
the  Duchy  of  Lancaster,  and  conveyed  the  manor  of 
Hanlington  into  that  family).    Ar.  a  lion  ramp.  gu. 


Harmar  (David  James  Harmar,  Esq.,  of  Bath).  Quar- 
terly or  and  sa.  on  a  bend  engr.  gu.  betw.  two  roses  arg. 
barked  and  seeded  ppr.,  three  lozenges  erminois.  Crest— la 
front  of  a  cubit  arm  vested  sa.  cuff  or,  in  the  hand  two  rose 
branches  leaved  and  slipped  vert,  that  on  the  dexter  gu.  and 
that  on  the  sinister  arg.  both  barbed  and  seeded  ppr.  a 
portcullis  with  chains  or. 

Harris  (Lunefleld,  Kirkby  Lonsdale,  Camforth,  co.  Lancas- 
ter and  Oxton  Hall,  Tadcaster,  co.  York,  Alfred  Habbip, 
Esq.,  son  of  Richard  Harris,  Esq.,  of  Walworth).  Az.  on  a 
chev.  erm.  betw.  three  hedgehogs  or,  as  many  wheat  stalks 
bladed  vert  in  precise  middle  chief  a  faggot  of  the  third, 
banded  of  the  fourth.  Crest— In  frontof  a  demi  pelican  displ. 
collared  gemel  az.  and  chargpd  on  the  breast  with  three 
gouttes  de  sang,  a  faggot  fessewuys  ppr.  banded  vert. 

Harris  (Westcotes,  co.  Leicester).  Sa.  three  piles,  two 
issuant  from  the  chief  and  one  from  the  base  or,  each 
charged  with  a  bull's  head  cabossed  of  the  field.  Crest— Owl 
of  the  battlements  of  a  tower  or,  a  bull's  head  sa.  on  the 
neck  a  cinquefoil  gold.     Motto— In  Deo  solum  robur. 

Harwood  (Edward  Harwood,  Esq.,  of  Woodhouse,  co. 
Gloucester,  J. P.).  Per  pale  ar.  and  or,  a  stag's  head 
cabossed  betw.  three  sprigs  ppr.  Crest — On  a  mount  betw. 
two  trefoils  slipped,  a  stags  head  cabossed,  betw.  the  antlers 
an  acorn  leaved  all  ppr. 

Hastings (Abnet-Hastings,  Baron  Donington).  Quarterly: 
1st  and  4lh  counterquartered ;  1st  and  4th,  arg.  a  maunch 
sa.,  for  Hastings  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  or,  on  a  chief  gu.  a  demi 
lion  issuant  arg.,  for  Abnet;  2nd  and  3rd,  Clifton,  of 
Clifton  and  Lytham.  Cre^Ji— Hastings,  a  bull's  head  erased 
ermines  attired  and  ducally  gorged  arg.  ;  Abnet,  a  demi 
lion  or,  the  sinister  paw  resting  on  an  antique  shield  charged 
with  the  arms  of  Hastings ;  motto  over,  Trust  winneth  troth . 
Motto -\n  veritate  victoria. 

Haswell  (John  Haswell,  of  Grange  Terrace,  Bishopswear- 
niouth).  Or,  on  a  bend  invected  gu.  betw.  two  fountains 
ppr.,  three  goats  passant  of  the  first.  Crest — In  front  of  a 
Talbot's  head  erased  gu.,  eared  or,  a  fountain  ppr.  Motto — 
Mors  vitae  janua. 

Hatch  (Gen.  William  Spabkes  Hatch,  H.M.  Indian  army, 
and  late  col.  in  the  royal  (late  Bombay)  artillery).  Chequy 
or  and  vert  a  bend  erm.  on  a  chief  embattled  gu.  two  demi 
lions  pass,  of  the  i^rst.  Crest — Issuant  from  flames  a  demi 
leopard  holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a  grenade  fired  all  ppr. 

Haveland  (Cornwall,  cliartcr  of  anno  1235).  Ar.  three 
chessrco'Ks  sa.     See  also  ABtLEiNE. 

Havelland  (isle  of  Purbeck;  James,  son  of  Sir  Thomas  de, 
Havelland  Manor,  Guernsey,  settled  in  co.  Djrset  in  con- 
sequence of  a  charter  of  Edward  IV.,  dated  10  March,  1469. 
He  founded  a  chantry  in  St.  James'  Church,  Poole,  where, 
over  the  north  aisle,  is  the  inscription,  "  These  six  arches 
were  made  at  the  charge  of  James  Havelland  and  Hellene 
his  wife,  on  whose  .'oulsGod  have  mercy.  Amen,  1512."  His 
grandson,  John,  son  of  William  and  Frances,  m.  Mart, 
dau.  and  co-heir  of  John  Cabew,  of  Humworthy,  M.P.,  1511, 
for  Poole.  Arms  from  the  brass  of  the  founder  of  the 
Havelland  aisle).  Ar  three  castles  sa.  portcuUised  gu. 
quartering  Cabew.  Crest— A  demi  lion  ramp,  and  erased 
ar. 

Ha'wksley  (Caldy  Island,  Tenby,  co.  Pembroke.  Erra" 
a  fesse  nebuly  az.  betw.  two  lions  ramp,  in  chief  and 
a  hawk  in  base  ppr.  CVest— Upon  three  mascles  interlaced 
fessewise  az.  a  hawk  ppr.  collared  az.  Motto — Garde 
Phonneur. 

Hayhurst.     See  France  Hathcbst. 

Hayne  (Kintbury,  CO.  Berks,  and  Aubome,  co.  Wilu. 
Daniel  Hatne,  of  Kintbury  Eaton,  b.  1627,  son  of  Thomas 
Hatne,  of  Auborne,  d.  1650.  Visit.  Berks  1664).  Ar.  a 
chev.  betw.  three  martlets  sa. 

Hays,  formerly  Hayes  (Durham  city,  seated  there  for  two 
centuries,  originally  of  Lancashire;  represented  by  Rer. 
John  Hats,  M.A.,  Canon  of  Lincoln  and  Rector  of  Navenby). 
Erminois,  three  wolves'  heads  erased  sa.  quartering, 
Wetuerell,  ar.  two  lions  pass.  sa.  on  a  chief  indented  of  the 
last  three  covered  cups  or,  in  right  of  his  grandmother, 
Eleanor,  dau.  and  co-heiress  of  Richard  Wetherell,  Esq.,  of 
Durham,  elder  brother  of  Dr.  Nathan  Wetherell,  Dean  of 
Hereford  and  Master  of  Univ.  Coll.  Oxford.  Creit — A  wolfs 
head  erased  sa. 

HayTVOOd  (co.  Stafford).  Sa.  on  a  bend  cotised  ar.  betw. 
two  hawks'  heads  erased  or,  three  pellets.     Crest — In  front 


H  AZ 


SUPPLEMENT. 


HIC 


of  a  stump  of  a  tree,  thereon  a  hawk  rising  ppr.  charged  on 
the  breast  with  a  pellet,  three  trefoils  slipped  vert. 

Hazlewood  (Belton,  co.  Rutland).  The  arms  should  be 
described,  arg.  on  a  chee.  iru.  betw.  three  owls  sa,  as  many 
lozenges  of  the  first,  each  charged  with  an  ermine  spot,  or. 
a  chief  az.  three  branches  of  hazel  or. 

Head  (Hartburn  Hall,  co.  Pal.  Durham).  Ar.  a  chev. 
ermines  betw.  three  unicorns'  heads  coiiped  sa.  Crtsl — 
A  unicorn's  head  couped  ermines.       Mutto — Study  quiet. 

Heap  (John  Heap,  Esq.,  of  Nabbs  House,  Bury,  co.  Lancas- 
ter). Gu.  on  a  bend  betw.  two  demi  griffins  or,  a  tleur- 
de-Us  betw.  two  escallops  sa.  Crest — .A.  demi  stag  reguardant 
ppr.  gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  sa.  resting  the  sini-ter  fore 
foot  on  an  escocheon,  gu.  charged  with  a  boar's  head  erased 
or.     Motto-^HxhiX  sine  labore. 

Hearn  (confirmed  to  Kev.  Daniel  James  Heabn,  Rector  of 
Kilmuny,  in  the  diocese  of  Cork,  and  to  Charles  Richard 
Mo.NT  Obgoeuil  Hearn,  of  24,  Idrone  Terrace,  Blackrock, 
Dublin,  and  of  EnniskiUen,  co.  Fermanagh,  sons  of  Robert 
Thomas  Hearn,  Esq.,  Major  76th  Regt.  and  grandsons  of 
Daniel-  James  Heab.v,  Esq.  of  Correa,  co.  Westmeath, 
Lieut.-Col.  43rd  Regt.  who  was  grandson  of  Ven.  Daniel 
Hearn,  SI. A.,  Archdeacon  of  Cashel,  1726  to  1766,  and  to 
the  other  descendants  of  their  said  grandfather,  Daniel 
James  Hearn,  of  Correa).  Per  pale  gu.  and  az.  a  cliev. 
betw.  three  herons  ar.  Crest—  On  a  mount  vert  a  lieron  as  in 
the  arms.    Motto — Ardua  petit  ardea. 

Heaviside  (confirmed  to  John  Bdrrowes  Heaviside,  Esq., 
of  Terenure,  co.  Dublin,  only  son  of  John  Heaviside, 
Esq.,  of  13,  Holies  Street,  Merrion  Square,  Dublin, 
and  grandson  of  John  Heaviside,  of  Duidin,  merchant, 
and  to  tlie  other  descendants  of  his  said  grandfather). 
Gu.  on  a  pale  or,  three  bulls'  heads  erased  sa.  in  the  dexter 
chief  point  a  trefoil  slipped  of  the  second.  Crest — A 
Saracen's  head  atfrontee  couped  at  the  shoulders  ppr.  and 
charged  on  the  breast  with  a  trefoil  slipped  or.  Motto — 
Virtute  et  industria. 

Henderson  (Cleland-Henderson,  of  Roke  Manor,  Hants, 
and  Scotland;.  (Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  erm.  three  piles,  two 
in  chiet  and  one  in  base  gu.  each  charged  with  a  crescent 
ar.  on  a  cbief  of  the  second  three  esloiles  of  the  third,  for 
Henderjjon;  2nd  and  3rd,  az.  a  hare  salient  ar.  with  a 
hunting-horn  vert,  garnished  and  stringed  gu.  about  his 
neck,  in  chief  two  crescents  of  the  second,  lor  Cleland. 
Crests — Dexter,  a  cubit  arm  erect  vested  az.  the  hand  ppr. 
grasping  a  chain  therefrom  suspended  an  escutcheon  ar. 
charged  with  two  estoiles  in  chief  and  a  crescent  in  ba.se  gu., 
for  Henderson  ;  Sinister,  a  falcon  or,  upon  a  sinister  glove 
ppr.,  for  Cleland.    Mottoes — Virtus  solanobilitat;  Non  sibi. 

Henderson  (Hon.  Hugh  A.  D.  H.  Haldane-Dunoan- 
Mercer-Henderson,  of  Kordell,  co.  Fife).  Quarterly,  1st, 
per  pale  dancett^e  or  and  sa.  on  a  chief  ar.  a  crescent  az. 
betw.  two  ermine  spots,  for  Henderson;  2nd,  or,  on  a  fesse 
gu.  betw.  three  crosses  patl^e  in  chief  of  the  second  and  a 
star  of  six  points  in  base  az.  three  bezants,  all  within  a 
bordure  of  the  third,  for  Mercek  ;  3rd,  the  coat  of  Duncan, 
Earl  of  Carujierdowa,  p.  306 ;  4th,  the  quartered  coat  of 
Haldane,  of  Gleneagtes,  p.  440,  with  a  crescent  az.  in  the 
centre  for  dilT.  Cre.xts — Isr,  a  cubit  arm  ppr.  tile  hand 
holding  an  ettoile  or,  and  surmounted  by  a  crescent  az.,  for 
Henderson;  2nd,  the  head  and  neck  of  a  heron  erased, 
holding  in  its  beak  an  eel  seizing  the  neck  of  the  former  all 
ppr.,  for  .Mercek;  3rd,  on  waves  of  the  sea  a  dismasted 
ship  ppr.,  for  Ucncan;  4th,  an  eagle's  head  erjsed  or,  for 
Haldane.  .V.i^^oei— .Sola  virtus  nobiliiat;  The  gi-it  poul; 
Discc  imti;   SufTt;r. 

Henderson  (Randull's  Park,  Surrey:  John  Henderson, 
Esq.,  of  that  place,  Bon  of  the  late  Rohkrt  Henderson, 
Esq.,  of  Randall'  Park).  Or  three  piles  issuing  out  of  the 
siaistcr  side  gu.  and  a  chief  engr.  enn.  Crest— \  dexter 
hand  ppr.  holding  a  star,  surmounted  by  a  crescent,  both 
ar.     3/oao— Sola  virtus  nobilitat. 

Henderson  (Hcvcrawood.  Kent:  GEonr.i;  Henderson,  Esq., 
of  llevrr.Hwuod,  youngest  son  of  the  late  (ieoriie  Hender- 
son, K.sq.,  of  BoncHS,  Midluiliian).  Ar.m,  Aic,  same  as 
the  preceding,  with  a  crescent  lor  ditference. 

Henstock  (.Jesse  Hknstock,  Esq.,  of  Herbert  Lodge, 
Bonsall,  co.  Derby).  Sa.  three  chcvronels  betw.  two  lions 
ramp,  in  chief  and  a  watvr-bouget  in  base  ar.  Crest— In 
front  of  a  demi  lion  ar.  holding  betw.  the  paws  a  watcr- 
bouget  sa.  a  demi  catheiine  wheel,  also  sa.  Motto — Nil 
sine  magno  labore. 

Hepburn  (The  Ilooke,  co.  Sussex).    Qimrtcily,  Isi  and  4th, 


counter-quartered:  let  and  4th,  gu.  on  a  chev.  ar.  a  rose 
betw.  two  lions  combatant  of  the  field,  in  base  a  buckle 
or,  for  Hepburn;  2nd  and  3rd,  counter-quartered,  1st  and 
4th,  ar.  a  bend  gu.  in  chief  a  label  of  three  points  sa.  ; 
2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  a  fesse  sa.  betw.  two  cotises  componee  az. 
and  of  the  second,  for  Congleton.  2nd  and  3rd,  az.  semee- 
de-lis  or,  a  lion  ramp,  ar.,  for  Poole.  Crest — A  horse  ar. 
furnished  gu.  tied  to  a  yew  tree  ppr.     Motto — Keep  tryste. 

Heron  (Grampoole  and  Abingdon,  co.  Berks,  and  Elying, 
CO.  Oxford,  James  Heron,  of  Grampoole,  t.  1626,  and  John 
Heron,  of  Abingdon,  sons  of  James  Heron,  of  Elying. 
Visit.  Berks,  1664).  Sa.  two  chevronels  or,  betw.  three 
herons  ar.  Crest — A  heron's  head  erased  ar.  charged  on  the 
neck  with  two  chevronels  sa. 

Herschell  (Sir  Farrer  Herschell,  Knt.,  M.P.  for  the  city 
of  Durham,  recorder  of  Carlisle,  1873  to  1880  ;  solicitor- 
general,  1880>.  Per  fesse  az.  and  sa.  a  fasces  fessewise  betw. 
three  stags'  heads  coujjed  or.  Crest — Upon  a  mount  vert  a 
stag  ppr.  gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  az.  the  dexter  forefoot 
supporting  a  fasces  in  bend  or. 

Hertley,  or  Hetley  (Stirton,  co.  Notts;  arms  from  a 
Roll  of  Knights  of  that  co.,  temp.  Edward  HI.  Visit.  Notts, 
1569).  Az.  three  bars  ar.  on  a  chief  of  the  last  as  many 
escallops  gu. 

Hertlingrton.     Ar.  a  lion  ramp.  gu.  ducally  crowned  or. 

Hertling'ton.     Gu.  a  fess  betw.  three  bucks'  heads  ar. 

Herto?.  Ar.  a  trunk  of  a  tree  coupe  i  in  bend,  sprouting 
on  each  side  two  leaves  ppr.  Crest — Out  of  a  ducal  coronet 
or,  two  wings  endorsed  az. 

Herton.     Ar.  three  bends  engr.  gu.  a  canton  of  the  last. 

Heysham  (East  Greenwich,  co.  Kent.  Granted  1723  to 
William  Heysham,  Esq.,  of  East  Greenwich,  M.P.  for  Lan- 
caster, 2nd  son  of  William  Heysham,  and  grandson  of 
Giles  Heysham,  of  Lancaster,  and  to  the  other  descendants 
of  his  said  grandfather.  Gu.  an  anchor  in  pale  or,  on  a 
chief  of  the  second  three  tortcaux.  Crest— A  mount  ppr., 
thereon  a  buck  in  full  course  ar.  guttee  de  sang,  attired  and 
unguled  or,  and  wounded  through  the  neck  with  an  arrow 
gu.  feathered  and  headed  gold. 

Hey  wood,  Borough  of  (co.  Lancaster).  Or,  five  pellets 
tietw.  two  bendlets  engr.  the  whole  betw.  as  many  mascles 
sa.  Crest — In  front  ot  a  trunk  of  a  tree  eradicated  fessewise 
and  sprouting  to  the  dexter  a  falcon  rising  ppr.  each  wing 
charged  with  a  pellet  and  holding  in  the  beak  a  sprig  of 
oak  also  ppr.  three  mascles  interlaced  or. 

Hibbert  (Holland-Hibbert,  Munden,  Watford,  co.  Hert- 
ford; Arthur  Henry  Holland,  Esq.,  2nd  son  of  Sir 
Henry  Thurston  Holland,  Bart.,  C.M.G.,  of  Sandle- 
bridge,  by  Elizabeth  Margaret,  his  wife,  dau.  of  Natha- 
niel Hibbert,  Esq.,  of  Muiiden,  deceased,  assumed  the 
additional  surname  and  arms  of  Hibbert,  by  royal  licence 
dated  17  May,  1876,  in  compliance  with  a  proviso  in  the 
will  of  his  matermil  grandiiiollier,  Mrs.  Emily  Hibbert, 
Widow,  ot  Munden,  and  of  Green  Street,  Giosvenor  Square, 
London).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4tli,  erm.  on  a  bend  nebulee 
sa.  three  crescents  ar.  in  the  centra  chief  point  a  cross 
botton^e  fitcli^e  of  the  second,  for  Hibbert  ;  2nd  and  3rd, 
per  pale  ar.  and  az.  semee-de-lis  a  lion  rniiip.  counter- 
changed,  for  Holland.  Mr.  Holland-Hibbert  is  entitled 
10  quarter  the  following  Arms  :— Ar.  a  bend  engr.  sa.  cotised 
gu.,  tor  Tetlow  ;  vert,  on  a  bend  betw.  two  garbs  or,  a  swan 
sa.  betw.  as  many  hurts,  for  Scholey;  ar.  achev.  gu.  betw. 
the  points  of  spears  az.  tasselled  in  the  middle  or,  for  Arm- 
stead;  az.  a  chev.  betw.  three  pheons  or,  on  a  chief  gu.  as 
many  maidens'  heads,  couped  ppr.  crined  of  the  second,  for 
Swaine;  ar.  a  chev.  gu.  betw.  three  bucks  trippant  sa.,  for 
Rogers  ;  ar.  a  chev.  gu.  betw.  three  bucks'  heads  caboshed 
sa.,  for  Parker;  gu.  three  chevronels  ar.  on  a  chief  az.  a 
sun  in  splendour,  for  Fonnereau.  Crests — 1st,  Hibbert  : 
An  arm  erect  couped  below  the  elbow  az.  cuffed  erm.  hand 
ppr.  grasping  a  crescent  ar. ;  2nd,  Holland:  Out  ot  a  ducal 
coronet  or  a  demi  lion  guard,  ar.  holding  in  the  dexter  paw 
a  fleur-de-lis  az.     Motto— Animmn  ipse  parabo. 

Hickman  (exemplified  to  Francis  William  fioRE,  Esq.,  of 
Kilmore  House,  Clare,  elilest  son  and  heir  of  Francis  Gore, 
Ks(j.,  of  Tyrcilagh,  J.l'.,  deceased,  and  grandson  of  Francis 
(ioRE,  K.sq.,  al.so  of  Tyrediigh,  by  Makv,  his  wife,  dau.  of 
Kdmund  Browne,  Esq.,  of  Newgrove,  co.  Clare,  and  niece 
of  Poole  Hickman,  ICsq.,  of  Kilmore,  on  his  assuming  by 
riiyal  licence,  19  Nov.,  1878,  the  surname  and  Arms  of 
Hickman,  in  lieu  of  those  of  Gore,  pursuant  to  the  will  ot 
the  said  Poole  Hickman).     I'cr  pale  indented  ar.  and  az. 


J 


Hia 


SUPPLEMENT. 


HOW 


in  the  dexter  chief  a  trefoil  slipped  vert.  Cral—K  talbot 
sejant  ar.  collared  and  chained  gu.  charged  on  the  shoulder 
with  a  trefoil  slipped  vert.    Jfoito— Per  tot  discrimina  rerum. 

Hig'^ins  (Henry  Hiogins,  Esq.,  J. P..  of  Moreton  JefTrys, 
CO.  Hereford).  Per  fesse,  vert  and  ar.  a  pale  counterchanged 
three  cranes*  heads  erased,  two  anj  one,  of  the  second,  and 
us  many  lobster's  claws  erased,  one  and  two,  sa.  Crest — .\ 
griffin's  head  erased  or,  gorged  with  a  collar  sa.  charged 
with  a  lorenge  ar.  belw.  two  plates,  in  the  beak  a  lobster's 
claw  erased  gu. 

Hill,  of  Dilton,  is  erroneously  printed  Ditton,  at  p.  491. 

Hill  (confirmed  to  John  Hill,  Esq.,  Capt.  RE.,  eldest 
son  of  John  Hill,  M.D.  of  Dublin,  Inspector  of  Poor 
Laws  in  Ireland,  and  grandson  of  Fbedebick  Ferdinand 
Hill,  Esq.,  of  Jamaica,  and  to  the  descendants  of  his  said 
giandfather).  Gu.  on  a  chev. erminois  betw.  three  leopards' 
faces  or,  a  trefoil  slipped  vert.  Crest — A  talbot's  head  erased 
gu.  collared  or,  and  charged  with  a  trefoil  as  in  the  arms. 
Motto — Spero  meliora. 

Hill  (Joseph  Hill.,  Esq.,  Bradford,  in  the  West  Riding  of 
the  CO.  York).  Per  pale  indented  gu.  and  sa.  on  a  fesse 
erminois  betw.  three  leopards'  faces  or,  as  many  Catherine 
wheels  of  the  second.  Crest — In  front  of  a  talbot's  head 
couped  sa.  a  demi  Catherine  wheel  or,  betw.  two  wings  per 
fesse  indented  or  and  gu.     Motto — Honore  et  labore. 

Hill  (Langford  House,  Langford,  Somerset ;  Sidnet  Hill, 
Esq.).  Az.  a  chev.  nebuly  ar.  charged  with  three  pallets 
gu.  betw.  two  fieurs-de-lis  in  chief,  and  a  talbot's  head 
erased  in  base  of  the  second.  Crest — A  talbot's  head  couped 
ar.  charged  with  a  chev.  nebuly,  and  holding  in  the  mouth 
a  fleur-de-lis  az.     Motto— Omne  bonuai  Dei  donum. 

Hill  (Rev.  Thomas  Pbince  Hill,  M.A  ,  Rector  of  Abinger, 
Dorking,  co.  Surrey).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  ar.achev,  betw. 
three  stags  courant  gu.  on  a  chief  of  the  last  as  many  trefoils 
of  the  first,  for  Hill;  2nd  and  3rd,  ga.  a  saltire  or,  sur- 
mounted by  a  cross  engr.  erni.,  for  Prince.  Crests — 1st, 
Hill:  A  dragon's  head  erased  ppr.  ;  2nd,  Prince:  Out  of  a 
ducal  coronet  or,  a  cubit  arm  habited  gu.  cuffed  erm.  holding 
in  the  hand  ppr.  a  branch  with  -three  pineapples  gold, 
stalked  and  leaved  vert.     Motto — Nil  desperandum. 

Hill-Trevor  (Baron  Trevor).    See  Trevor. 

Hilliard  (Caherslee,  co.  Keriy),  p.  491 .  The  Crest  borne  by 
this  family  is — .\  cock  statant  sa.  combed,  wattled,  legged, 
and  spurred  gu.    Motto— llXtov  'tifxiav  iraPTO^. 

Hillier  (Lieut. -Col.  George  Edwaeo  Hilher,  C.B.,  late  In- 
spector-General of  the  Irish  Constabulary).  Gu.  a  cross 
indented  betw.  in  chief  two  leopards'  faces  or,  and  in  base  as 
many  swords  erect  ppr.  pommelled  and  hilted  gold,  all  within 
a  bordure  of  the  second.  Crest — Infrontof  two  Panisli  battle 
axes  in  saltire  a  leopard's  face,  holding  in  the  mouth  a 
scimitar  fesswise,  all  ppr.     Motto — Crux  niea  lux  mea. 

Hoare  (Hamilton-Hoare.  Exemplified  to  Hamilton  Noel 
Hamilton-Hoare,  Esq.,  eldest  son  of  Rev.  Willia.m  Henrt 
Hoare,  M.A.,  of  Oaktield,  co  Sussex,  by  Afaminta  Anne,  his 
wife,  3rd  dau.  and  co-heir  of  Sir  James  John  Hamilton,  2nd 
bart.,  ol  Woodbrook,  upon  his  assuming,  by  royal  licence, 
the  prefix  surname  of  Hamilton).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th 
Hoare,  sa.  an  eagle  displ.  with  two  heads  ar.  charged  on  the 
breast  with  an  ermine  spot  of  the  first,  all  within  a  border 
engr.  of  the  second  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  Hamilton,  quarterly,  1st 
anil  4th,  gu.  three  cinquefoils  erm.,  2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  a 
lymphad,  sails  furled  sa.  in  the  fesse  point  a  crescent  of  the 
last,  together  with  the  Honourable  Augmentation  granted 
to  Sir  John  Hamilton  (maternal  grandfather  of  the  said 
Hamilton  Noel  Ha.milton-Hoare),  a  chief  ar.  thereon  upon 
a  mount  vert  inscribed  Alba  de  Tormes,  in  letters  gold,  a 
castle,with  the  wall  on  either  sii'<  Liioken,  and  from  the  battle- 
ments the  flag  of  Spain  flying  ppr.  Crests,  1st  of  Hoare,  an 
eagle's  bead  erased  ar.  charged  with  an  ermine  spot,  as  in 
the  arms  ;  2nd  of  Honourable  Augmentation,  a  mount  vert, 
thereon  a  castle,  as  in  the  arms  and  in  an  escroU  above, 
the  motto  A'ba  de  Tormes  ;  3rd,  Hamilton,  out  of  a  dUcal 
coronet  or.  an  oak  tree  ppr.  charged  with  a  crescent  sa.  a 
frame-saw  through  the  stem  fessewise  also  ppr. 

Hodgres  (Luftonand  Chinnock,  co.  Somci-set;  John  Hodges, 
of  Lufton,  6.  15»3,  son  of  John  Hodges,  of  same  place, 
grandson  of  William  Hodges,  and  great-grandson  of  William 
Hodges,  of  Chinnock.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Or,  three 
crescents  sa.  on  a  canton  of  the  second  a  ducal  coronet  of 
the  field. 

Hog-gre  (granted  to  Edith  Eliia,  wife  of  Lionel  Neville 
Frederick  Ames-Ltde,  Esq.,  and  only  dau.  and  heir  of  Major 


HoGOE,  of  Thornham,  co.  Norfolk)      Az.  on  a  pale  ar  betv. 
four  crescents  of  the  last  three  boars'  heads  erased  of  the  first. 

Holbech,  or  Holbeach  (Felton,  alias  Whitechurch, 
CO.  Somerset;  Nathaniel  Holbeach,  of  Felton,  temp. 
James  I.,  son  of  John  Holbeach,  of  same  place,  descended 
from  David  Holbach  or  Holbech,  living  22  Richard  II., 
whose  will  is  dated  Wednesday  next  after  the  Feast  of  the 
Nativity  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary,  1421.  Visit.  Somerset, 
1623).  Ar.  a  chev.  engr.  sa.,  quartering,  1st,  Lyons,  ar. 
two  lions  ramp,  combatant  sa.  ;  2nd,  Tristram,  ar.  three 
torteaux,  a  label  of  three  points  az.  :  Srd,  Bole,  ar.  three 
bulls'  heads  couped  sa.  ;  4th,  Lisle,  or,  on  a  chief  az. 
three  lions  ramp,  of  the  first;  5th,  Compton,  ar.  on  a  bend 
sa.  three  helmets  or.     Crest — A  lion  pass.  sa. 

Holte  (Obford-Holte;  exemplified  1825,  to  Richard  Orfobd, 
only  son  of  John  Obford,  Esq.,  Manchester,  by  Elizabeth, 
his  wife,  only  surviving  dau.  of  Robert  Holte.  Esq.,  of 
Chamberhouse,  co.  Lancaster,  upon  his  assuming  by  royal 
licence  the  additional  surname  of  Holte).  Quarterly,  1st 
and  4th,  Erm.  two  bars  engr.  az.  over  all  a  pile  gu.  thereon 
two  crosses  patee  in  chief  and  a  pheon  in  base  or,  for  Holte  ; 
2nd  and  3rd  :  Or,  two  chevronels  sa.  betw.  three  fleurs  de-lis 
az.  over  all  a  fess  vert  thereon  a  greyhound  courant  ar.,  for 
Obfobd.  Crests — Ist,  Holte:  Upon  a  mount  vert  a  squin ell 
sejant  ppr.  charged  on  the  shoulder  with  a  cross  pat^e  or, 
supporting  with  the  forepaws  a  pheon  mounted  on  a  staff 
and  flighted  head  downwards  gold;  2nd,0RFORD:  Out  of 
rushes  ppr.  a  demi  greyhound  ar.  charged  on  the  neck  with 
two  chevronels  sa.  and  holding  betw.  the  paws  a  fleur-de-lis 
az. 

Hoole  (Edgefield  and  Crooksmoor  House,  Sheffield,  co. 
York).  Barry  of  six  or  and  gu  in  bend  as  many  roses 
counterchanged.  Crest — An  eagle  displayed  gu.  each  wing 
charged  with  two  roses,  and  transfixed  through  the  mouth 
with  a  tilting  spear  palewise  or.    Motto — Flectiisnon  franges. 

Hoole  (Hesbt  Elliott  Hoole,  Esq.,  of  Ravenfield  Park, 
llotherham,  formerly  of  Crookes  Moor  House,  Sheffield,  both 
in  CO.  York ).  Per  fesse  or  and  gu.  on  a  pale  two  roses,  all 
counterchanged.  Crest — An  eagle  displ.  per  fesse  or  and 
gu.  each  wing  charged  with  a  rose  per  fesse  counterchanged, 
surmounted  by  a  rainbow  ppr.     Motto — Spes  mea  Deus. 

Hoole  (William  Wright  Hoole,  Esq.,  C:ipt.  3rd  Batt. 
Princess  of  Wales's  Own  Yorkshire  Regt.,  son  of  Henbt 
Elliott  Hoole,  Esq.,  of  Ravenfield  Park).  Per  fesse  or 
and  gu.  on  a  pale  two  roses,  all  counterchanged,  on  an 
escutcheon  of  pretence  for  Williams,  in  right  of  his  wife, 
Mary  Caroline  Eleanor,  dau.  and  heiress  of  Kev.  George 
Williams,  of  .Mu' moor,  co.  Gloucester,  by  Mary,  his  wife, 
dau.  and  co-heir  of  John  Lowsley,  Esq.  ;  or,  on  a  fesse  engr. 
betw.  three  bulls'  heads  cabossed  sa.  two  bezants.  Crest — 
All  eagle  displ.  per  fesse  or  and  gu.  each  wing  charged 
with  a  rose. counterchanged,  surmounted  by  a  rainbow  ppr. 
Motto — Spes  mea  Deus. 

Horsford  (Gen.  Sir  Alfred  Hastings  Hobsford,   G.C.B.). 

Az.  on  a  chev.  erm.  betw.  three  swords  erect  points  upwards 
ppr.  pommels  and  hilts  or,  as  many  lions'  heads  erased  gu. 
Crest — Issuant  out  of  a  mural  crown  gu.  a  demi  pegasus, 
wings  addorsed,  erm.  gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  also  gu. 
and  holding  betw.  the  paws  a  tilting  spear  erect  and  resting 
on  the  wreath  ppr.  Sui>porters~-On  either  side  a  pegasus 
erm.  gorged  with  a  mural  collar  and  charged  on  the 
shoulder  with  a  lion's  head  erased  gu.  Motto — Juslitia  et 
dementia. 

Hovell-Thurlo-w-Cumming'-Bruce {Saron  Thmiow). 
See  Bbcce. 

Howard  ^descended  from  John  Howard,  Esq.,  of  Kingsdon, 
CO.  Somerset,  1623,  a  branch  of  the  noble  family  of  Howard, 
represented  by  the  Rev.  Tho.mas  Henry  Howard,  M.A., 
Vicar  of  Warmley,  co.  Somerset,).  Gu.  a  bend  betw.  six 
crosses  crosslet,  fitchee  ar.  Cre.<t — On  a  chapeau  gu.  turned 
up  erm.  a  lion  statant  guard,  tail  extended  or,  ducally 
gorged  ar.     Motto — Sola  virtus  invicta. 

Ho'Ward  (Brinnington,  co.  Chester ;  Edward  Carringto.n 
Howard,  Esq.,  of  that  place,  J. P.,  where  his  ancestors 
have  been  settled  for  more  than  a  century).  Barry  of  six 
or  and  az.  on  a  bend  erm.  betw.  two  crosses  botony  gu.  a 
shuttle  ppr.  Crest — In  front  of  a  cross  botony  fitchee  gu. 
a  lion  couchant  or,  charged  on  the  shoulder  with  an  estoile 
also  gu.    Motto — Per  fidem  omnia. 

Ho'ward  (William  Howabd,  Esq.,  of  St.  Mary,  Colchester, 
co  Essex).  Per  pale  gu.  and  az.  on  abend  nebuly  or,  betw. 
four  cross  crosslets  fitchee  of  the  last  a  crescent  betw.  two 
lions'  heads  erased  of  the  second.    Cie^t — A  UoB  paM.  u. 


HOW 


SUPPLEMENT. 


J  AC 


cH&rged  on  the  body  with  two  trefoils,  bolding  in  the  dexter 
paw  a  cross  crosslet  fltchee  all  or.  Motto — Nous  maintien- 
drons. 

Soward  (James  Howard,  Esq.,  of  Clapham  Park,  co.  Bed- 
ford, High  Sheriff  of  that  county,  and  it.s  M.P.).  Gu.  on  a 
chev.  betw.  two  garbs  in  chief  and  a  tower  in  base  or,  nn 
eaffle  displ.  sa.  Crent — In  front  of  an  eagle  displ.  sa. 
holding  in  the  beak  an  ear  of  wheat  slipped  or,  a  tower  of 
the  last.     jVotro— Progress  with  prudence. 

Hovrard-Bury.     See  Bcrt. 

Sowell  (Wostbury-in-Marsli,  Gibbon,  co.  Buckingham  ; 
Edward  Howell  sold  this  manor  in  I&39,  and  emigrated  to 
NorthAmerica.  His  eldest  son,  Major  John  Howell,  d.  3  Nov. 
1696,  asred  71.  Tlie  descendants  of  the  fir.st  settler  are  still 
living  in  America,  one  of  whom  is  George  Rogers  Howell, 
Esq.,  of  the  New  York  State  Library.  Anns  on  the  seal  of 
Edward  Howell,  and  on  the  tombstone  of  his  son.  Major 
John  Howell,  169G).    Gu.  three  towers  triple-towered  ar. 

Sowle.tt  (Major -Gen.  Arthtjr  Howlett,  C.B.,  Madras 
Army).  Sa.  on  a  chev.  embattled  counter  embattled  erm. 
te.tw.  three  owls'  heads  erased  ar.  an  eastern  crown  gu. 
befw.  two  swords  chevronwise  ppr.  Crest — A.  cross  crosslet 
«a.  betw.  two  branches  of  laurel  ppr.  Motlo  —  Fide  et 
vigilantia. 

H'O'wley  (Right  Rev.  William  Howlet,  D.D.,  BUknp  of 
Lviidoiu,  1813).  Az.  an  eagle  di.spl.  erm.  charged  on  the 
breast  with  a  cross  fleury  gu.  Crest — An  eagle  displ.  as  in 
the  arms. 

Suddersfield,  Borougrli  of  (co.  York),  Or,  on  a  chev. 
I>etw.  three  rams  pass.  sa.  ai  many  toweis  ar.  Crest — .\ 
ram's  head  couped  ar.  armed  or,  gorged  with  a  collar  sa.  in 
the  mouth  a  sprig  of  the  cotton  tree  slipped  and  fructed 
ppr.     Motto  —  Juvat  impigros  Deus. 

Sug'essen  (Knatchbull  Htjgessen,  Jlamn  Brabrurne). 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  ar.  on  a  mount  vert  two  boars 
erect  respecting  each  other,  sa.  their  forelegs  resting 
against  an  oak  tree  ppr.,  for  Hcgessen  ;  '2nd  and  .3rd,  az. 
three  cross  crosslets  fitchee  betw,  two  bendlets  or,  for 
Knatchcdll.  Crests — Ist,  Hcgsssen:  An  oak  tree  ppr. 
betw.  two  wings  elevated  pinions  az.  feathered  or.  vlnd, 
Knatchbdll:  On  a  chapeau  az.  turned  up  enn.  an  ounce 
etatant  ar.  spotted  sa.  Supporters — On  either  side  a  leopard 
ar.  pelletty  gorged  with  a  wreath  of  o;ik  vert  fructed  gold 
holding  in  the  mouth  a  cross  crosslet  titchee  or.  Motto — 
Crucifixa  gloria  mea. 

Hu^grard  (Collection  of  Molyneux,  Ulster,  1597-16.32).  Az. 
an  e.'^ioiie  of  sixteen  points  ar.  Crest — An  estoile  as  in  the 
nims.     Motto—In  Heaven  is  my  hope. 

Sug'hes  (Wells,  co.  Somerset;  Sir  Thomas  Hdohes,  Knt., 
of  Weils,  knighted  at  Whitehall,  1C19,  son  of  Thomas 
IIi'GiiES,  or  AP  HtJGH,  and  grand.son  of  Hugh  ap  .Iohn  ap 
Jenkin,  desci^nded  from  GwAixnuoyD,  Trinee  of  Cardigan. 
"Visit.  Somerset,  16i:i).  (Quarterly,  1st,  az.  a  lion  ramp,  or, 
for  MoRiEN,  son  of  MonaKNAx:  2nd,  or.  a  lion  ramp.  ,«a.; 
3id,  az.  three  fleurs-d<^li.'^  or,  for  Vne.s,  King  of  Gwont;  4th, 
az.  a  fesse  or,  betw.  three  horses'  heiiits  ar.,  for  Rice  ap 
Marcham  ;  bih,  nz.  a  lion  statant  reguard.or,  for  Llewellyn  ; 
6th,  sa.  a  chev.  crminois  betw.  three  goats'  heads  erased  or, 

for  lORWORTH. 

Humble  (Georgk  FUimble,  of  London,  Deputy  to  the  Alder- 
man of  the  Ward  of  Langhorne,  163.3,  grandson  of  William 
HiiMULE,  of  London,  and  of  the  Fraternity  of  the  Holy 
Ghost,  descended  from  Hdmble,  of  Jliaableton,  co.  York. 
Visit.  London,  1633).  Sa.  a  buck  trippant  or,  a  chief  in- 
drmed  of  the  last.  CreM—K  demi  buck  ramp,  or,  gorged 
with  a  wreath  of  laurel  ppr. 

Hume  (John  Home  Hume.  Esq.,  formerly  Kennedy,  of  East 
Melbourne,  Victoria).  Vert  a  lion  ramp,  and  in  chief  two 
cinquefoilH  ar.  two  flaunches  of  the  last,  each  charged  with 
a  parrot  of  the  first,  beaked  and  legued  gu.  Crest— \n  front 
of  a  cross  eiigr.  az.  a  lion's  head  erused  ar.  charged  with  two 
cinquefoiU  in  pale  gu.     ;l/ot(o— True  to  the  end. 

Hurly  (Tralee  and  GlendufTe,  co.  Kerry).  Az.  on  a  fease 
betw.  three  croancs  crosslet  or,  ns  many  mullets  gu.  Creits— 
1st,  A  naked  dexlcr  arm  einbowed  holding  a  sword  wavy  all 
ppr.  motto  over,  Oextri\  vincitcor;  2nil,  Out  of  iin  antique 
Irish  crown  or,  a  naked  dextnr  arm  cmlioweil  pi>r.  holding 
across  crosslet  gdld,  molU)  over,  Dcxtra  cruce  vinvit. 

Hurry  (Yannouth).    Ar.  three  lions'  head?  erased  gu. 


Hyde  (Holly  Wood.  co.  Kerry  ;  Arthur  Hyde, Esq.,  descended 
from  Hyde,  of  Castle  Hyde,  co.  Cork).  Same  as  Castle 
Hyde,  viz.,  Gu.  two  chevronels  ar.  the  upper  one  charged 
with  an  erm.  spot  sa.  Crest — A  leopards  head  erased  sa. 
bezantfe.     Motto — De  vivis  nil  nisi  verum. 


ILINOE  (granted  by  Molyneux,  Ulster,  1  June,  1604.  to 
William  Ilinge,  Captain  and  Commander  of  the  Long  Boats 
in  the  river  of  Loughfoile,  co.  Londonderry).  Chequy  or 
and  gu.  on  a  chief  az.  three  lions'  heads  couped  of  the  first, 
langued  of  the  second.  Crest — A  tiger's  head  couped  gu. 
nianed  anj  ducally  gorged  or,  langued  az. 

Ingfleby  (Valentines,  Essex  ;  Clement  Mansfield  Inolebt, 
Esq.,  M..V.,  LL.D.).  Sa.  an  estoile  of  six  points  ar.  and  on 
an  escutcheon  of  pretence  for  Mrs.  Ingleby,  Sarah,  only 
dau.  of  Robert  Cakes,  Esq.,  Gravesend).  Ar.  a  pale  per 
pale  or  and  gu.  betw.  two  limbs  of  an  oak  slipped  issuant 
from  the  base  ppr.  on  a  chief  barry  of  six  of  the  second 
and  third,  a  rose  betw.  two  leopards'  faces  nil  ppr.  Crest — 
A  boar's  head  couped  erect  ppr.  tusked  or.  Motto — Non 
immemor  beneficii. 

Inman  (Upton  Manor,  co.  Chester;  descended  from  Michael 
Inman,  Esq.,  of  Bewerley,  parish  of  Ripon,  co.  Y'ork,  bapt. 
5  Oct.  1639).  Vaire  ar.  and  vert  on  a  chev.  cotised  or,  three 
roses  gu.  barbed  seeded  and  slipped  ppr.  Crest — A  wyvern 
vert  winged  fretty  or,  gorged  with  a  plain  collar  with  line 
reflexed  over  the  body  gold,  holding  in  the  mouth  a  rose 
slipped  as  in  the  arms.     Motto — In  Domino  o.onfido. 

Insole  (James  Harvey  Insole,  Esq.,  of  Ely  Court,  co. 
Glamorgan).  Az.  a  gryphon  pass,  in  chief  three  leopards' 
faces  jefisant  de  lis  or.  Crest — A  gryphon  pass,  or,  charged 
on  the  body  with  two  pheons  and  resting  the  dexter  claw  on 
a  leopard's  lace  jessant  de  lis  az. 

Irland,  or  Irrland  (Thomas  Irland,  of  Albrighton,  co. 
Salop,  High  Sheriflf  of  that  co.  1032;  ninth  in  descent  f.-om 
Robert  Irrland,  of  Oswaldstrye,  1362).  Gu.  six  fleurs-de- 
lis  ar.  three,  two,  one.  Ci-est — A  dove  ar.  in  the  beak  a  sprig 
of  laurel  vert.  Confirmed  to  the  above  Thomas  Irland, 
V^isit.  Salop,  1623.  The  spelling  of  the  name  has  varied. 
In  the  Visit.  1584,  in  four  pedigrees  it  is  spelt  Irrland.  In 
the  will  of  Sir  Thomas  Salter,  1517,  and  at  the  marriage  of 
George  Salter,  1580,  it  is  spelt  Irland.  The  e  is  a  modern 
introduction. 

Irvine  (Robert  Irvine,  Esq.,  of  Orchard  House,  co.  Durham). 
Or,  on  a  chev.  az.  betw.  three  sheaves  of  holly  each  con- 
sisting of  three  leaves  slipped  vert  banded  gu.  an  anchor 
erect  with  cable  of  the  first  betw.  two  dolphins  embowed 
ppr.  Crest  — In  front  of  two  anchors  saltirewise  with  cables 
or,  a  dolphin  embowed  ppr. 

Isaack  (Burriat,  co.  Devon).  The  Arms  in  the  body  of  the 
work  are  correct,  except  that  the  cross  is  patonce,  and 
not  flory,  as  there  stated.     Visit.  Devon,  1620. 

Ismay  (Thos.  Henry  Ismay,  Esq.,  of  Liverpool).  Or,  on  a 
bend  wavy  az.  betw.  two  anchors  erect  of  the  last  a  mullet 
betw.  two  crescents  ar.  Crest — Upon  waves  of  the  sea  a 
seahorse  reg.  betw.  two  coral  branches  all  ppr.  Motto — 
Naturae  lex  processus. 


JACKSON  (Combhay,  co.  Somerset,  descended  from  co. 

York;  William  Jackson,  of  Combhay,  <<i)i;).  James  I.,  son 
of  Miles  Jackson,  of  same  place,  who  removed  from  the 
CO.  York.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Ar.  on  a  chev.  betw. 
three  bucks'  beads  erased  sa.  as  many  cinquefoils  of  the 
field. 

Jackson  (Yorkshire  and  Curtdesdon,  co.  Oxon ;  borne  by 
(iiLBLRT  Jackson,  who  entered  his  descent  at  the  Oxford 
Vi.sit.  of  1669.  Ills  grandson,  Uev.  Gilbert  Jackson,  D.D., 
of  Cuddesdon,  is  now  represented  by  his  great-grandson, 
Lieut. -Col.  W.  H.  M.  Jackson,  Hist  foot).  Gu.  a  fesse 
betw.  three  sheldrakes  ar.     Crest — A  sheldrake  ppr. 

Jackson  (Upwell,  Norfolk  and  SU  Andrew's,  co.  Fife,  as  re- 
registered to  Randlk  Jaokson,  Esq.,  of  Upwell,  Norfolk).  Ar. 
a  p;ile  engrailed  az.  Rurniouuted  by  a  cliev.  invectcd  thereon 
three  cinquefoils  t)etw.  as  many  eagles'  heads  eradicated  all 
countercliHnged.  Crest — Upon  the  trunk  of  a  tree  eradi- 
cated and  sprouting  to  the  dexter,  a  horse  currant  ar.  gutltf 
de  poix  cJiargerl  on  the  body,  witli  a  pale  gu.  thereon  a 
cinqucfoil  also  ar. 


JAC 


SUPPLEMENT. 


JON 


Jackson  ( Wm.  Lawies  Jackson,  Esq.,  of  Allerton  Hall,  Leeds, 
Yorkshire).  Per  chev.  gu.  and  or,  in  chief  two  suns  in 
splendour  of  the  last  and  in  base  three  annulets  one  and 
two  of  the  first.  Crc$t — A  horse  or,  holding  in  the  mouth 
an  ear  of  wheat  slipped  vert,  resting  the  dexter  foreleg  on 
three  annulets  as  in  the  arms.     Motto — Essayez. 

Jacoby  (The  Park,  Nottincham).  Per  fesse  dancette  ar. 
and  sa.  in  chief  a  cross  of  eight  points  gu.  betw.  two  roses 
of  the  last  barbed  and  seeded  ppr.  and  in  base  two  wings 
conjoined  in  lure  and  elevated  or.  Cre4—X  stag  ar. 
charged  on  the  body  with  two  roses  gu.  barbed  and  seeded 
ppr.  resting  the  dexter  forefoot  on  a  cross  as  in  the  arms. 
Motto — Opera  bona  effulgent. 

James  (confirmed  to  Rev.  Nicholas  James,  M.A.,  diocesan 
curate,  Armagh,  son  of  John  James,  formerly  of  Coolruss 
Park,  near  Shillelagh,  co.  Wicklow,  then  resident  at  Ballin- 
glen,  same  co.,  and  grandson  of  Matthew  James,  Esq.,  of 
Coolruss  Park,  and  the  descendants  of  his  said  grand- 
father). Per  pale  gu.  and  az.  on  a  chev.  engr.  betw.  three 
lions'  pass,  guard,  or,  as  many  purses  sa.  Crest — A  hart's 
head  erased  ppr.  charged  on  the  neck  with  a  fleur-de-lis  az. 
Motto — J'aime  Si  jamais. 

James  (of  Vanbrugh  Fields,  Blackhaath,  co.  Kent,  and  the 
other  descendants  of  Eev.  John  James,  D.D.,  Prebendary  of 
Peterborough).  Per  pale  gu.  and  or,  on  a  fesse  indented 
betw.  three  unicorns'  heads  erased  as  many  escallops  all 
counterchanged.  Crest — An  unicorn's  head  or,  encircled 
by  a  chaplet  of  roses  ppr. 

James  (of  Beaconsfield,  Much  Woolton,  co.  Lancaster).  Or, 
on  a  chev.  betw.  two  ostriches  in  chief  and  a  dolphin  naiant 
in  base  sa.  a  billet  of  the  first.  Cre/it — Upon  the  battlements 
of  a  tower  or,  an  ostrich  sa.  holding  in  the  beak  a  billet 
also  or. 

Jam.es  (Col.  Cbables  James).  Or,  a  tiger  passant  ppr.  on 
a  chief  engr.  gu.  two  spears  in  saltire  also  ppr.  Crest — In 
front  of  two  spears  in  saltire  and  amid  flags  a  tiger  couchant 
all  ppr.    Motto— (i\x<B  fecimus  ipsi. 

Jeffcock  (Edward  Jeffcock,  of  'Wolverhampton,  Capt.  1st 
Royal  Cheshire  Militia,  4th  and  youngest  son  of  John  Jeff- 
cock,  late  of  Handsworth,  co.  York,  Capt.  Sheffield  Squadron 
of  S.  W.  York  Yeomanrj  Cavalry,  deceased,  and  his  de- 
scendants and  the  other  descendants  of  his  father).  Sa. 
three  pickaxes  or,  on  a  chief  ar.  a  cross  patee  gu.  betw.  two 
ravens  of  the  first.  Crest — In  front  of  a  mount  of  coal 
therefrom  issuant  a  dexter  arm  embowed  grasping  a  coal 
pick  all  ppr.  a  cross  patee  ar.     Motto Persevere. 

Jenkins  (Maj.-Gen.  Chables  VANBancH  Jones,  of  Cruckton 
Hall  and  Charlton  Hill,  co.  Salop).  Barry  of  six  az.  and 
erm.  three  annulets  two  in  fess.  and  one  in  base  or,  a  pile  of 
the  last  thereon  a  lion  ramp.  reg.  sa.  Crest — Upon  a  mural 
crown  sa.  a  lion  pass.  reg.  or,  supporting  with  the  dexter 
paw  an  escutcheon  barry  of  six  az.  and  erm.  charged  with 
an  annulet  or.     Motto — Perge  sed  caute. 

Jepson.  Enn.  three  bugle  horns  stringed  gu.  Crest  — A 
wyvern  vert.     Motto — Vincit  Veritas. 

Jerard  (Samford  Orcas  and  Chilton,  co.  Somerset ;  Bobekt 
Jebabo,  Esq.,  of  Samford,  tanp.  James  I.,  son  of  Robebt 
Jebabd,  of  the  same  place,  and  grandson  of  Thomas  Jebard, 
of  Chilton,  descended  from  Richard  Jebabd,  living  44 
Edward  III.,  a.d.  1369.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Ar.  a  chev. 
gu.  betw.  three  erm.  spots  sa. 

Jessel  (Bart.).  Az.  a  fesse  raguly  erm.  betw.  three  eagles' 
heads  erased  ar.  in  the  centre  chief  point  a  torch  erect  and 
fired  ppr.  Crest — A  torch  fessewise  fired  ppr.  surmounted 
by  an  eagle  volant  arg.  holding  in  the  beak  a  pearl  also  ar. 

Jodrell  (exemplified  to  Amelia  Vibtde  Jodkell,  widow  of 
Chables  FitzGebald  Higoins,  Esq.,  of  Westport,  and  dau. 
of  Sir  RicBABD  Paul  Jodbell,  2nd  bart.,  of  Sail  Park, 
upon  her  assuming  by  royal  licence  the  surname  of  Jod- 
kell in  lieu  of  Higgins).  .firms— Ermines,  a  trefoil  or,  betw. 
three  round  buckles,  tongues  downwards,  ar. 

Jodrell  (exemplified  to  Hebbebt  Henbt  Chubchill,  on  his 
assuming,  by  royal  licence,  31  .March,  1883,  the  surname  and 
arms  of  Jodrell  in  lieu  of  Churchill,  in  right  of  his  wife 
Kmilt  Virtue  Jane,  only  cliilil  of  Cuas.  F.  Higgins,  Esij., 
by  Amelia  Virtue,  his  wife,  only  sisterand  eventual  heiress 
of  Sir  Edwd.  Repfs  Jodrell,  3rd  ban.).  Ermines,  a  trefoil 
or  betw,  three  round  buckles  the  tongues  pendent  ar.,  for 
distinction  a  canton  of  the  last.  Crest — A  cock's  head 
and  neck  coupcd  the  wings  erect  or,  combed  and  jelloped  gu. 


issuant  out  of  a  chaplet  of  roses  gu.  barbed  and   seeded 
ppr.  and  for  distinction  on  the  neck  a  cross  crosslet  sa. 

Johnson (Castlesteads,  Brampton,  co. Cumberland;  William 
PoNSONBT  Johnson,  Esq.,  of  Walton  House,  same  co.,  m. 
1815,  Mart,  dau.  of  Sir  George  Armttage,  3rd  bart.,  of 
Kirklees,  and  d.  1865,  leaving  a  son,  George  John  Johnson, 
Esq.,  of  Castlesteads,  b.  1816,  D.L.,  High  Sheriff  1876. 
Ar.  on  a  saltire  sa.  five  bezants.  Crest— V/ilhin  a  winged 
spur  erect,  a  mullet  of  six  points,  all  or.  Motto — Non- 
quam  non  paratus. 

Jolinson  (John  William  Denne  Johnson  Hilton,  Esq., 
of  Temple  Belwood,  co.  Lincoln,  and  Sarre  Court,  Kent, 
who  by  royal  licence,  1871,  changed  his  surname  from  Hilton 
to  Johnson).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4lh,  ar,  a  lion  pasB.gu.  on 
a  chief  vert  three  acorns,  leaved  and  slipped  or;  2nd  and 
3rd,  erm.  two  bars  az,  in  chief,  an  annulet  betw.  two  saF- 
tires  of  the  last.  Crests— 1st.  UpoT»  s  mount  vert  a  wolf  pass, 
sa.  in  the  mouth  a  branch  of  woodbine  ppr.;  Snd,  a  man's 
head  affront^e  betw,  two  bullrushes  ppr, 

Johnson  (Kennal  Manor,  Chislehurst,  co.  Kent),  Or,  three 
pheons  in  fesse  az.  within  two  flaunchcs  of  the  last  each 
charged  with  a  pheon  of  the  first.  Crest — In  front  of  a 
dexter  arm  embowed  in  armour  ppr.  the  hand  grasping  a 
javelin  in  bend  sinister  p'aeoned  or,  and  enfiled  with  a 
chaplet  of  rosea  gu.  two  branches  of  oak  in  saltire  vert, 

Johnson  (Statharo  and  Tunstead,  co.  Norfolk).  Gu.  on  a 
saltire  erm.  five  crosies  moline  sa.  a  chief  of  the  second 
charged  with  three  mullets  of  the  third.  Crest — A  lion 
ramp,  erminois,  holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a  mullet  as  in  ihe 
arms,  the  dexter  foot  resting  on  a  cross  moline  gu. 

Johnson  (Francis  Johnson,  Esq.,  of  Low  Newton,  co. 
Northumberland).  Per  chev.  gu.  and  sa.  on  a  ..h-jv.  engr. 
arg.  betw.  three  men's  heads  affront^  ppr.  as  many  pheons 
sa.  Crest— In  front  of  a  man's  head  affronle  couped  at  the 
shoulders  ppr.  wreathed  about  the  temples  arg.  and  gu.  two 
pheons  or.     Motto — Nil  admirari. 

Johnston  (Christian  Frederick  Charles  Alexander  James 
Johnston,  of  Hiltoun,  co.  Berwick;  quartered  by  Halsbt). 
Ar.  a  saltire  engr.  sa.  onchief  as  the  other  gu.  three  cushions 
or.  Crest — A  svrord  and  dagger  ppr.  hilted  or,  crossing 
each  other  saltirewise  with  the  points  upwards.  Motto — 
Paratus  ad  arma. 

Johnstone  (Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone,  Baron  De)iceiit). 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  Johnstone,  ac  a  saltier,  »a. 
in  base,  a  human  heart,  ensigned  with  a  regal  crown, 
ppr.,  on  a  chief  gu.  three  cushions  or;  2nd  and  3rd, 
Vanden-Bempde,  per  fesse,  the  chief  or,  the  base  per  pale 
gu.  and  vert,  a  demi  eagle  with  two  heads  displ.  issuing 
in  chief  sa.  the  dexter  base  charged  with  a  tower,  the 
sinister  with  live  towers  in  saltier  gold  the  gate  and  port- 
cullis of  each  ppr.  Crests — 1st,  A  spur  erect  rowel  upwanl.s 
with  wings  elevated  or,  leather  gu.  buckle  ppr.;  2nd, 
issuing  from  the  battlements  of  a  tower  ppr.  a  demi  eagle 
with  two  heads  displ.  sa.  wings  or,  about  the  neck  a  pearl 
collar,  therefrom  a  diamond  pendent  on  the  breast  a  swi>ra 
fesseways  ppr.  pommel  and  hilt  gold.  Stipporters — Deitter 
a  lion  erm.  crowned  or,  charged  on  the  breast  with  an 
escutcheon  also  or,  thereon  a  winged  spur  gu. ;  sinister  a 
horse  erm.  bridled  and  saddled  gu.  charged  on  the  shoulder 
as  the  dexter.     Motto — Nunquam  non  paratus. 

Jones  (Brinsey  and  Wraxhall,  co.  Somerset;  Chbistopheb 
Jones,  of  Brinsey,  temp.  James  I.,  son  of  William  Jones, 
of  Wraxhall.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Or,  on  a  mount  in 
base  vert  a  lion  ramp.  az. 

Jones  (Gungrog,  co.  Montgomery  ;  exemplified  to  Morris 
Charles  Jones,  Esq.,  of  Gungrog,  F.S.A.,  F.S.A.  Scot,, 
J,P,  CO.  Montgomery,  only  son  of  Morris  Jones,  Esq.,  of 
Gungrog).  Sa.  a  fasces  fessewise  or  betw.  three  nags' 
heads  erased  arg.  Crest — A  fasces  fessewise  or,  surmounted 
by  a  nag's  head  erased  arg.  Motto— Justus  ac  tenax 
propositi. 

Jones  (Hartsheath  and  Cefn  Coch,  co.  Flint,  and  Gelli  Gynan, 
CO.  Denbigh  ;  John  Carstaibs  Jones,  Esq.,  of  those  places, 
served  as  High  Sheriff  for  CO.  Flint,  1866,  and  for  co.  Denbigl*, 
1874).  Gu.  on  a  chev.  or,  betw.  three  eseocheons  ar.  each 
charged  with  a  boar's  hcadcuuped  of  the  first,  an  arrow  pale- 
wise  ppr.  Crest — Upon  a  mount  vert  a  boar's  head  couped 
gu.  in  front  of  an  arrow  palcways  ppr.  Motto^-Heb  nevol 
nerth  nidd  sicr  saeth  :  without  help  from  above  the  arrow 
flies  in  vain. 


JON 


SUPPLEMENT. 


LAM 


Jones  fHENBT  Cadman  Jon-es,  Esq.,  of  Kepton,  Derbyshire). 
Arg.  a  cross  indented  gu.  betw.  four  speara'  heads  az.  eacti 
betw.  two  laurel  branches  ppr.  Crest— In  front  of  a  spear 
betw.  two  laurel  branches  ppr.  a  cross  patee  gu.  Motto — 
Esto  fidelis  usque  ad  mortem. 

Joynt  (Francis  George  Jotnt,  M.D.,  Surgeon-General  H.M. 
Indian  .Medical  Service,  son  of  Anthony  Joynt,  of  Ballina, 
CO.  Mayo,  by  Diana,  his  wife,  dau.  of  Georob  Atkinson 
and  Dinah  Cobmac,  his  wife,  and  grandson  of  Frank  Joynt, 
of  Ballinglen,  co.  Mayo).  Ar.  on  a  fesse  dancettee  az. 
betw.  three  eagles  displ.  gu.  each  charged  on  the  breast 
with  an  escallop  of  tlie  first,  an  Eastern  crown  betw.  two 
fleurs-de-lis  or.  Crest— A.  cubit  arm  ppr.  charged  with  an 
escallop  ar.  and  grasping  in  the  hand  a  battle  axe  also  ppr. 
Motto — Nee  temere  nee  lente. 

Jump  (Henry  Jcmp,  Esq.,  Woodlands,  co.  Lancaster).  Az.  a 
cross  parted  and  fretty  or,  in  the  first  and  fourth  quarters  a 
Btag's  head  erased,  and  in  the  second  and  third  a  rose  ar. 
Cre-tt—A  demi  stag  reguardant  ppr.  charged  on  the  shoulder 
with  three  roses  chevronwise  ar.  supporting  a  passion  cross  or. 


KARB  (Seton-Karb,  Kippilaw,  co.  Roxburgh.  Licut.-Col. 
Andrew  Ker,  grandson  of  Andrew  Kbr,  of  Zair,  same  co., 
purchased  the  estate  of  Kippilaw,  1657.  His  grandson,  John 
Kabs,  changed  the  spelling  of  his  name  and  entailed  the 
estate  on  his  sister,  Kathebine  Karr,  who  m.  Gilbebt 
Ramsay.  Her  dau.  and  eventual  heir  m.  Daniel  Seton,  of 
Powder  Hall,  and  had  a  son,  John  Seton  Karb,  who  s.  to 
the  estates,  and  was  s.  by  his  nephew,  Andrew  Seton  Karr, 
Esq.,  of  Kippilaw,  grandfather  of  Henry  Seton  Kabb,  Esq., 
of  Kippilaw,  and  II,  Queen's  Gardens,  Hyde  Park,  London, 
b.  1853).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  gu.  on  a  chev.  ar.  three 
mullets  of  the  field,  in  base  a  stag's  head  erased  of  the 
second,  for  Karb  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  or  an  eagle  displ.  sa., 
charged  on  breast  with  an  antique  crown  ppr.  betw.  three 
crescents  az.,  all  within  a  double  tressure  flory  counter- 
flory  gu.,  for  Seton.  Ci-est — 1st,  Karr  :  Out  of  an  antique 
crown  a  dexter  hand  erect  holding  a  dagger  all  ppr.  Motto 
(over) — Avant  sanspeur;  2nd.  Seton:  On  a  ducal  coronet 
or,  a  wyvern  ppr.    Motto  (over) — Hazard  et  forward. 

Keigrhley,  Borough  of  (West  Riding  co.  York).  Ar. 
on  a  fesse  sa.  betw.  three  stags'  heads  caboshed  a  foun- 
tain all  ppr.  within  a  bordure  embattled  az.  Crest— In  front 
of  a  dragon's  head  erased  gu.  entwined  by  a  serpent  or,  a 
fountain  [jpr.  Motto — By  worth.  Description  of  the  Arms 
— The  crest  (a  red  dragon)  was  that  of  the  ancient  family  of 
De  Kighley  for  many  generations  Lords  of  the  Manor,  whose 
last  representative  (a  female)  married  the  then  head  of  the 
house  of  Cavendish  in  the  time  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  and 
thereby  carried  the  Keighley  estate  into  that  noble  house, 
of  which  the  Duke  of  Devonshire  is  the  head.  His  Grace 
still  letains  the  estate  which  has  belonged  to  his  family  for 
nearly  700  years.  The  serpent  twined  round  the  head  ol 
the  dragon  is  the  Cavendish  crest.  The  circle  with  the 
wavy  blue  lines  at  the  bottom  of  the  crest,  and  al.so  repeated 
in  the  shield,  is  the  heraldic  emblem  of  water  technically 
calleil  a  fountain,  and  refers  to  the  situation  of  Keighley  in 
a  well  watered  valley,  the  streams  of  which  have  greatly 
tended  towards  the  progress  of  the  town,  being  of  great 
Talue  for  manufacturing  purposes.  This  idea  is  also  borne 
out  by  the  motto  "  By  Worth,"  that  being  the  name  of  the 
principal  stream  on  the  banks  of  which  Keighley  is  situate. 
The  shield  is  a  combination  of  the  Keighley  and  Cavendish 
arms.  The  silver  shield  and  black  bar  being  those  of  the 
former  family,  while  the  three  stags'  heads  are  the  cogni- 
zance of  the  Cavendishes.  The  blue  embattled  border 
jurrounding  the  shield  shows  that  the  arms  are  those  of 
an  ancient  town,  which  is  the  case,  Keighley  having 
obtained  iu  original  market  charter  in  the  reign  of 
Edward  I. 

Kelly  (William  Henry  Kelly,  Esq.,  of  Porchester  Terrace, 
Paddington,  co.  Middlesex).  Or,  a  lion  ramp.  az.  betw.  two 
flaunchcs  of  the  last,  each  charged  with  a  castle  of  the  first. 
Crol — In  front  of  two  anchors  in  saltlre  aa.  a  castle  or. 
JIfoUo— JuBlum  perficito  nihil  timeto. 

Kerr  (Glasgow,  1880).  Gu.  on  a  cher.  cottised  ar.  three 
mullets  of  the  first.  Cresl — A  mullet  as  in  the  arms.  Motto 
— Praise  God. 

Kerrich-Walker.    See  Walker. 

Kersey  (Robert  Kerbey,  Enq.,  Hurst  Lodge,  Ix'e,  co.  Kent). 
Ar.  on  a  pile  gu.  betw.  two  roses  of  the  last,  barbed  and 


seeded  ppr.  a  boar's  head  couped  of  the  fii-st.  Orest — On  a 
mount  ppr.  a  boar's  head  couped  ar.  on  cither  side  three 
cinquefoils  slipped  vert.     JVfo(fo— Peractus  conamine. 

Kettle  (Sir  Rupert  Alfbed  Kettle,  of  Merridale,  Wolver- 
hampton, CO.  Stafford,  and  of  Glan-y-don,  Towyn,  co. 
Merioneth,  Knt.,  J. P.  and  D.L.  for  co.  Stafford,  and  J  P. 
for  cos.  Worcester,  Merioneth,  and  Hereford,  &c.).  Az.  a 
bee-hive  within  two  branches  of  palm  slipped  in  saltire  all 
or.  Crest — In  front  of  a  dexter  cubit  arm,  vested  az. 
cuffed  ar.  the  hand  ppr.  holding  a  balance  suspended  or, 
a  portcullis  also  ar.     Motto  —Qui  tel. 

Kettlewell  (Dumbleton  Hall,  co.  Gloucester  ;  Cuables 
Tho.mas  Kettlewell,  Esq.,  of  that  place,  younger  son  of 
Rev.  Samuel  Kettlewell,  by  Anne-Elizabeth,  his  wife, 
only  dau.  and  heiress  of  Samuel  Eyres,  Esq.,  of  Armley,  in 
the  parish  of  Leeds,  and  West  Riding  co.  York).  Per  fesse 
ar.  and  or,  a  fesse  cliequy  gu.  and  of  the  Hist  in  chief  a  lion 
ramp.  betw.  two  crosses  patt^e  of  the  third.  Crest — A  lion 
ramp.  gu.  holding  in  the  liexter  forepawacrosspatt^e  fitcbte 
and  resting  the  sinister  hind  paw  on  a  cross  patt^e  or. 

Kettlewell.    See  Eyres. 

Kilmore,  See  of  (page  564).  The  proper  blazon  of  the 
ancient  Arms  of  this  See  is — Ar.  on  a  cross  sa.  a  pastoraJ 
staff  surmounted  of  a  iiiitre  sans  labels  or 

King'  (The  Hyde,  co.  Middlesex).  Per  fesse  nebuly  az.  and 
sa.  a  lion  ramp.  ar.  ducally  collared  betw.  in  chief  two  cross 
crosslets  and  in  liase  an  escallop  or.  Crest — On  a  rock  ppr. 
a  duck's  head  erased  ar.  collared  az.  holding  in  beak  an 
ostrich  feather  ar. 

King-Tenison  (Earl  of  Kingston).    See  Tenison. 

Kirk  (exemplified  to  George  Edmonstone  Kibk  Kirk  and 
Pardo  Archibald  Kibk  Brett  Kirk,  of  Carrickfergus,  co. 
Antrim,  sons  of  Very  Rev.  George  Bull,  D.D.,  Dean  of 
Connor,  by  Anne  Kirk,  his  wife,  sister  of  Maria  Kirk,  of 
Thornfield,  co.  Antrim,  on  their  assuming  by  royal  licence, 
1  July,  1881,  the  surname  and  arms  of  Kibk,  in  lieu  of  those 
of  Bull).  Gu.  a  crosier  or,  and  a  sword  ppr.  pommelled 
and  hilted  gold  in  saltire  within  a  bordure  indented  ar.  on  a 
chief  of  the  second  a  thistle  betw.  two  trefoils  slipped  also 
ppr.  Crest — A  crosier  and  sword  in  saltire  as  in  the  arms 
enfiled  by  a  earland  of  thistles  and  trefoils  ppr.  Motto 
Optimum  quod  primum. 

Kirk  (William  Kilvinoton  Kirk,  Esq.,  Cleveland  Row, 
Stockton-on-Tees,  co.  Durham).  Gu.  a  chev.  dovetailed 
erm.  on  a  chief  or,  three  dragons'  heads  erased  of  the  first. 
Crest — Out  of  the  liattlementa  of  a  tower  a  demi  dragon  or, 
charged  on  the  shoulder  with  a  trefoil  slipped  gu.  holding 
in  the  claws  a  flagstaff  in  bend  sinister  therefrom  flowing  a 
pennon  also  or.     Motto — For  Kirk  and  King. 

Klitson  (Elmete  Hall,  near  Leeds,  co.  York).  Sa.  three 
lucies  haurient  ar.  a  chief  or.  Crest — A  unicorn's  head  ar. 
attired  and  maned  or,  environed  with  pallisadoes  gold. 
Motto — Palmam  qui  meruit  ferat. 

KnatchbuU   -  Hugessen    (Baron     Brabomne).       See 

HUGESSEN. 

Knight  (Right  Hon.  Henry  Edmund  Kniout,  Lord  Mayor 
of  London,  1883).  Or,  three  bendlets  az.  on  a  chief  gu.  a 
civic  crown  betw.  two  spurs  of  the  first.  Crest  —  On  a 
Roman  fasces  lying  fessewiae  a  spur  rowel  up  or,  betw. 
two  wings  displ.  gu.  each  charged  with  a  civic  crown  as  in 
the  arms.     Motto — Virtute  et  lubore. 

Knighton  (Bayford,  co.  Hertford ;  Thomas  Barker,  of 
Chignal,  co,  Essex,  temp.  Queen  Elizabeth,  m.  Dorothy; 
dau.  of  John  Kniuiiton,  Esq.,  of  Bayford,  and  impaled  her 
arms.  Visit.  Essex,  1612).  Ar.  two  bars  az.  on  a  canton 
gu.  a  ton  or. 


LiAClT  (Hartrow  and  Rowberrow,  co.  Somerset;  William 
Lacy,  of  Hartrow,  and  Ezelius  Lacy,  of  Rowberrow,  temp. 
James  1.,  sons  of  William  Lacy,  of  Hartrow.  Visit.  Somer- 
set, 1623).     Ou.  two  bars  wavy  erm. 

Lahore,  See  of.  Az.  on  a  fcsae  erm.  a  passion  cross  in 
bend  dexter  surmounted  by  a  crosier  in  bend  sinister  or,  in 
chief  rising  from  behind  two  snow  mountains  issuing  from 
the  fesse  a  sun  in  splendour  and  in  base  five  barrulets  wavy 
ar. 

Liamington,  Baron.    See  Cochbane-Baillie. 

Laxaplugh  (Kev.  David  LaMpluoh,  M.A.,Vicar  of  Yalding, 
near  Maidstone,  co.  Kent).     Sa.  on  a  pile  nebuly  or  betw. 


LAN 


SUPPLEMENT. 


LEV 


two  roses  in  base  of  the  last  across  fleury  of  the  flrst.  Cresl 
— In  front  of  a  goat's  head  couped  ar.  armed  or  gorged  with 
a  collar  nebuly  sa.  two  roses  gu.  barbed  leaved  and  seeded 
ppr. 

Lancaster,  Town  of.  Per  fesse  az.  aud  gu.  in  chief  a 
fleur-de-lis  of  France  or,  in  base  a  lion  of  England  pass, 
guar,  of  the  last.  Crest — Usually  a  lion  pass,  guard,  az. 
seniee  de  lis  or,  there  is  some  little  difference  of  opinion  as 
to  the  tincture,  some  considering  it  as  "  pean." 

Liancaster  (Milverton,  co.  Somerset;  John  Lancaster, 
Roger  Lancaster  (living  in  Germany),  and  Edward  Lan- 
caster, temp.  James  L,  sons  of  William  Lancaster,  Esq., 
of  Milverton.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Ar.  two  bars  gu.  on 
a  canton  of  the  last  a  liun  pass.  or. 

liancaster  (Richmond,  Yorkshire).  Arg.  two  bars  gu.,  on 
a  canton  of  the  second  a  cinquefoil  or. 

Lang'more  (Dundaire,  College  Road,  Upper  Norwood,  co. 
Middlesex ;  Butler  Langmore,  Esq.).  Az.  on  a  chev. 
cottised  ar,  three  spear  heads  ppr.  a  chief  engr.  erm.  Crest — 
Out  of  the  l)attlementsof  a  tower  two  tilting  spears  in  saltire 
all  ppr.  tied  by  a  riband  az.  pendent  therefrom  an  escutcheon 
or,  charged  with  a  trefoil  slipped  vert.  Motto — Labor  vincit 
omnia. 

Iiaurie  (Laurieston,  co.  Lanark).  Per  fesse  or  and  sa.  a  cup 
ar.  and  issuing  therefrom  a  garland  betw.  two  branches  of 
laurel  ppr. 

Xiawe  (Drinkwater-Lawe,  Kirby,  Isle  of  Man ;  exemplified 
to  John  Drinkwater,  Esq.,  2nd  son  of  Sir  William  Leese 
Prinkwater,  Knt.  of  Kirby,  upon  his  assuming  by  royal 
licence,  1879,  the  surname  of  Lawe).  Quarterly,  1st  and 
4th,  ar.  an  eagle  displayed  with  two  heads  bctw.  two  crosses 
pattee  in  pale  and  as  many  fleurs-de-lis  in  fesse  nil  vert,  for 
Lawe;  2nd  and  3rd,  per  pale  gu.  and  az.  on  a  fesse  wavy 
erm.  betw.  three  garbs  or,  as  many  billets  of  the  second, 
for  Drinkwater.  Crests — 1st,  Lawe,  in  front  of  a  spear 
erect  ppr.  a  demi  eagle  displ.  with  two  heads  vert  and 
charged  on  each  wing  with  a  fleur-de-lis  ar. ;  2nd,  Drink- 
water,  three  ears  of  wheat,  one  in  pale  and  two  in  saltire 
enflled  with  a  ducal  coronet  all  or.  il/o((o— Sapiens  qui 
assiduus. 

Lawes  (Rotlmmsted,  co.  Hertford,  bart.  created  19  May, 
1882).  Or,  two  flaunches  az.  on  a  chief  nebuly  of  the  last, 
three  estoiles  of  the  first.  Crest — A  mount  vert,  thereon  the 
trunk  of  a  tree  fessewise,  eradicated  and  sprouting  to  the 
dexter,  surmounted  by  an  ermine  pass.  ppr.  Motto — Pour 
la  foi. 

Xiawson  (Hall  Barn,  co.  Buckingham).    See  Levy. 

Lawson-Smith  (Togston  and  Amble,  Northumberland  ; 
Edward  Maule  Lawson,  2nd  son  of  Rev.  Edward  Lawson, 
M.A.,  of  Longhirst,  in  that  CO.,  by  Mart  Eliza,  his  wife,  dau. 
of  Georoe  Macle,  Esq.,  Solicitor  to  the  Treasury,  assumed  the 
additional  surname  and  arms  of  Smith  in  compliance  with 
the  will  of  his  cousin, THOMAsOEORfiESMiTH,  Esq.,  ofTogston). 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  Smith,  Az.  a  castle  ppr.  betw.  two 
flanches  or,  each  charged  with  a  fountain,  on  a  chief  ar. 
three  storks'  heads  erased  of  the  field  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  Lawson, 
Ar.  on  a  chev.  sa.  another  erm.  betw.  three  martlets  of  the 
second.  Crests — 1st,  Smith  :  On  a  mount  vert,  a  stork  ar.  in 
the  beak  a  serpent  ppr.;  2nd,  Lawson:  On  a  mount  vert, 
two  arms  embowed  couped  at  the  elbow,  vested  erm.  cuffed 
or,  supporting  betw.  the  hands  ppr.  a  sun  in  splendour  gold. 

Leader  (Sheffield,  co.  York).  Same  Arms,  Crest,  and  Motto 
as  Leader,  of  Buntingford,  co.  Herts,  with  a  crescent  for 
diff.  [see  that  name].     Motto— Virtas  salus  ducum. 

Leake  (Sir  Luee  Samuel  Leake,  Knt.,  of  Perth,  in  the 
colony  of  Western  Australia,  Speaker  of  the  Legislative  Coun- 
cil of  that  colony).  Ar.  on  a  saltire  invected  plain  cottised 
gu.  a  cross  patt^e  betw.  four  annulets  or.  Crest — A  tilting- 
spear  erect  betw.  four  peacock's  feathers  ppr.  encircled  by 
an  annulet  or.     Motto — Perseverando. 

Leaxningi;on,  Town  of.  Per  fesse  ar.  and  or.  a  lion  ramp, 
double  queued  vert  a  chev.  vair  in  chief,  three  mullets  gu.  all 
within  a  bordure  az.  charged  with  eight  fleurs-de-lis  of  the 
second.  Crest — In  front  of  a  staff  raguly  in  bend  ar.  sur- 
mounted by  a  staff  in  bend  sinister  or,  entwined  with  a 
serpent  ppr.  two  sprigs  of  forget-me-nots  in  saltire  slipped 
also  ppr. 

Leather  (Middleton  Hall,  co.  Northumberland,  and  Leven- 
thorpe  Hall,  co.  York).  Ar.  on  a  bend  sa.  within  two  cotices 
gobonnee  or,  and  of  the  second  a  fountain  betw.  two  mullets 
of  six  points  of  the  third.     Crest — A  demi  lion  ramp.  sa. 


charged  on  the  shoulder  with  three  mullets  of  six  points  or, 
and  holding  between  the  paws  a  fountain.  Motto — Nil  nisi 
quod  honestum. 

Leem.ing'  (Richard  Lee.mino,  Esq.,  Greanes  House,  and 
Lentworth  Hall,  both  co.  Lancaster,  J. P.).  Per  chev.  ar.  and 
az.  a  wreath  of  oak  vert  betw.  two  estoiles  in  chief  of  the 
second  and  a  cross  patonce  in  base  of  the  first.  Crest — Upon 
a  rock  ppr.  a  cross  patonce  or.  betw.  two  ostrich  feathers  ar. 

Lieeper,  or  Leper  (co.  Donegal,  originally  of  Scotland  ; 
Reg.  Ulster's  Offices;  John  Leper,  Burgess  of  Edinburgh, 
appended  his  seal  to  a  deed  dated  1  Sept.  1189;  Andrew 
Leper,  of  Stranorlar,  co.  Donegal,  made  his  will  23  Dec, 
1669,  and  left  two  sons,  William  Leper  and  Andrew  Leper). 
Az.  a  chev.  betw.  three  leopards'  faces  or.  Crest— A  leopard's 
face  per  pale  or  and  sa.    Motto — Regi  patriaeque. 

Lees  (Werneth,  Oldham,  co.  Lancaster ;  Major  Lees,  Acomb 
Park,  CO.  York,  nephew  of  John  Frederick  Lees,  Esq.,  of 
Werneth).  Per  fesse  or  and  gu.  a  fesse  dovetail  per  fesse 
embattled  betw.  two  falcons  belled  in  chief,  and  a  lion  ramp, 
in  base  all  counterchanged.  Cresl— A  lion  ramp.  gu.  sup- 
porting a  flag  of  the  arms,  the  staff  entwined  by  a  wreath  of 
oak  fructed  ppr.     Motto — In  dubiis  rectus. 

Lennard  (Wickham  Court,  co.  Kent,  bart.  Created  6  May, 
1880).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  or,  on  a  fesse  gu.  three  fleurs- 
de-lis  of  the  field  a  bordure  engrailed  ermines,  for  Lennabd; 
2nd  and  3rd,  erm.  on  a  pile  engr.  gu.  a  lion  pass.  ar.  in  base 
two  fishes  haurient  az.,  for  Cator.  Crests — 1st,  Lennard, 
out  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  an  heraldic  tyger's  head  ar.  the 
whole  debruised  by  a  bendlet  wavy  sinister  sa.  2nd,  Catob, 
a  lion's  head  erased  erminois,  charged  on  the  neck  with  two 
bars  engr.  gu. 

Leonard  (Queensfort,  co.  Galway,  and  Kerrfleld,  co.  South- 
ampton; represented  by  Patrick  Marcellincs  Leonard, 
Esq.,  of  Queensfort  and  Kerrfleld,  Judge  of  County  Court 
Circuit  No.  51,  descended  from  Stephen  Leonard,  Esq.,  of 
Carha,  co.  Galway  (transplanted  by  Oliver  Cromwell),  the 
grandson  of  Stephen  Leonard,  of  Knockaveelish,  co.  Water- 
ford,  whose  Funeral  Certificate  in  Ulster's  Office,  sets  forth 
that  he  died  14  Aug.  1638,  and  traces  his  descent  from 
James  Leonard,  of  Waterford,  temp.  Henry  VIIL).  Per 
fesse  dancett^e  ar.  and  az.  a  fesse  gu. 

Lermitte,  or  L'Hermite  (St.  Saviour's,  Jersey ;  Strat- 
ford Green,  Essex ;  Colney  Hatch,  and  Knightons,  Middle- 
sex; descended  from  Renault  L'Hermite,  Seigneur  do 
Herrimont  in  Auvergne,  a.d.  1020.  A  branch  of  bis 
descendants  migrated  from  Normandy  to  the  Channel 
Islands,  and,  in  the  records  of  Jersey,  of  the  flrst  part  of  the 
16th  century,  Guillacme  le  Riolet  dit  L'Hermite  is  found 
in  litigation  with  Helier  de  la  Rocque  concerning  lands 
in  St.  Helier,  and  St.  Sauveur,  Jersey.  The  present  James 
Henry  Lermitte,  Esq.,  of  Knightons,  J. P.,  is  great-grandson 
of  his  descendant  Philip  le  Riolet  dit  L'Hermite,  of  St. 
Saviour's,  who  settled  at  Stratford  Green,  and  changed  the 
spelling  of  his  name  to  Lermitte).  Vert  a  string  of  nine 
beads,  chevronwise,  betw.  three  cinquefoils,  in  the  centre 
chief  point  a  garb  all  or.  Crest — A  hermit  habited  in  russet, 
resting  the  dexter  hand  on  a  staff  ppr.  holding  in  the 
sinister  hand  a  cross  pat^e,  and  pendent  from  the  wrist  a 
rosary  or.     Motto — Dieu  le  veut. 

Lerwick,  Burg-h  of,  Barony  of.  Or,  in  a  sea  ppr.  a 
dragon-ship  vert  under  sail,  oars  in  action  on  a  chief  gu.  a 
battle  axe  ar.  Crest — A  raven  ppr.  Motto — Dispecta  est 
Thule. 

Leschallas  (Henry  Peter  Pige-Leschallab,  formerly 
Henry  Peter  Pige,  of  Page  Green,  Tottenham,  co.  Middle- 
sex). Per  bend  gu.  and  sa.  two  hearts  conjoined  or.  Crest — 
On  a  mount  vert  a  column  or,  thereon  flames  of  Are  ppr. 
and  entwined  by  a  vine  branch  also  ppr. 

Levin  (Cleveland  Square,  Hyde  Park,  London,  formerly  of 
New  Zealand).  Vert  on  a  chev.  nebulee  betw.  four  escallops 
three  in  chief  and  one  in  base  or,  a  cross  crosslet  crossed 
of  the  field.  Crest— On  a  mount  a  squirrel  pass.  ppr.  resting 
the  right  foot  on  an  escallop  or.     Motto — Certavi  et  vici. 

Levy  (granted  to  Joseph  Moses  Levy,  Esq.,  of  Lancaster 
Gate,  Paddington,  and  51,  Grosvenor  Street,  London,  and 
borne  by  his  son,  Edward  Levy  Lawson,  Esq.,  of  Hall  Bam, 
Bucks,  O.L.,  Lord  of  the  Manor  of  Beaconsrield,  who 
assumed  by  royal  licence,  11  Dec.  1875,  tlje  surname  of 
Lawson).  Gu.  a  saltire  parted  and  fretty  or,  betw.  two 
rams'  heads  couped  fessewise  ar.  Crest — A  ram  ar.  holding 
in  the  mouth  a  trefoil  slipped  vert,  and  resting  the  dexter 
foreleg  on  a  quatrefoil.     Motto — Of  old  I  hold. 


LEW 


SUPPLEMENT. 


LOW 


Zjewes  (Wlncalton  co.  Somerset,  descended  from  the  co. 
Monmouth;  Barnabt  Lewes,  Esq.,  uf  Wincalton,  terftp. 
Queen  Elizabeth  and  James  I.,  son  of  Tuomas  I.ewes, 
grandson  of  William  Lewes,  and  greal-srandson  of  William 
Lewes,  of  Matherne,  co.  Monmouth.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623). 
Erm.  on  a  fesse  az.  three  boars'  heads  couped  ar. 

Ley  (Tree  Hill,  co.  Devon).  Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  seals' 
heads  couped  sa. 

Liiddell  (co.  Northumbeland).  Ar  fretty  gu.  two  flanches 
or,  on  a  chief  of  the  second  an  estoil-^  betw.  two  leopards' 
heads affrontee  erased  of  tlie  third.  Crest— A  cross  crosslet 
gu.  surmounting  two  clasped  hands  ppr.  betw.  a  pair  of 
wings  or.     Motlo — Constans  et  fidelis. 

liiebenrood  (Prospect  Hill  Park,  Reading,  co.  Berks; 
exemplified  to  John  Hancock,  Esq.,  only  surviving  son  of 
Admiral  John  Hancock,  C.B..  of  Newbury,  co.  Berks,  upon 
his  assuming,  by  royal  licence,  1865,  the  surname  of  Lieben- 
BOOD,  on  inheriting  the  estate  of  his  uncle,  George  Lieben- 
BOOD,  Esq.).  Ar.  ihree  benulets  sa.  on  a  chief  gu.  a  demi 
stag  issuant  of  the  first  a  canton  for  diff.  CcesJ— Out  of  an 
Eastern  crown  gu.  the  crown  charged  with  a  cross  crosslet 
or,  for  diff.  two  unicorns'  horns  ar.  wreathed  vert. 

Lindley  (The  Uight  Hon.  Sir  Nathaniel  Lindley,  Lord 
Justice  of  Appeal).  Ar.  on  a  chief  nebulee  az.  a  quatrefoil 
betw.  two  griffins'  heads  erased  of  the  fir.st.  Crest — In  front 
of  a  pelican  in  her  piety,  ppr.  charged  on  the  breast  with  a 
pheon  gu.  three  quairefoils  fessewise  or.     Motto— Sii  fortis. 

liing'ard-Monk.    See  Monk. 

Lisle  (Compton  Devrill,  co.  Somerset,  Wilbraham,  co.  Cam- 
bridge, Tarridge,  co.  Surrey,  and  Ireland ;  Can.  Lisle,  of 
Compton,  William  Lisle,  of  Cambridge,  Edmune  Lisle, 
Nicholas  Lisle,  living  in  Ireland,  and  Thomas  Lisle, 
of  Wilbraham,  temp.  James  I.,  sons  of  Edmond  Lisle,  Esq., 
of  Tarridge,  and  grandsons  of  Thomas  Lisle,  of  Wilbraham. 
Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Quarterly,  Ist  and  4th,  or,  a  fesse 
betw.  two  chev.  sa. ;  2nd,  gu.  a  lion  statant  rcguard  ar. 
crowned  or;  3rd,  gu.  four  fusils  in  fesse  ar. 

Xiisle  (William  Beresford  Lisle,  Esq.,  of  Narrowgate 
House,  Alnwick,  co.  Northumberland).  Erm.  a  lion  ramp, 
betw.  three  frets  uz.  Crest— A  lion  pass,  guard,  az.  resting 
the  dexter  forepaw  on  a  fret  and  charged  on  the  body  with 
two  pheons  all  or.     Motto — Incruce  non  in  leone  fides. 

Lister  (Bart.,  of  Park  Crescent,  co.  Middlesex).  Erm.  on  a 
fess  invected  sa.  three  mullets  ar.  in  cliief  a  caducens  ppr. 
Crest — A  stag's  head  erased  ppr.  in  front  thereof  three 
mullets  feaswise  ar.     Motto — Mulo  raori  quam  foodari. 

Little  (Newbold  Pacey,  co.  Warwick;  Georoe  Arthur 
Kniohtley  Howman,  P;si.,  assumed  the  surname  of  Little, 
by  royal  licence,  1879).  Az.  a  cinquefoil  betw.  four  estoiles 
in  cross  or.  Crest — A  boar  sa.  armed,  tusked,  and  maned 
or,  charged  on  the  body  with  two  estoiles  fessewise  gold. 
Motto — Sua  gratia  parvis. 

Littlejohn  (Rev.  William  Dodolas  Littlejorn,  Rector 
of  Sydenham,  Thame,  co.  Oxford).  Az.  on  a  fesse  engr. 
with  plain  cottises  betw.  three  buglehorns  stringed  or,  a  bow 
unstrung  fessewise  ppr. 

Liverpool,  See  of.  Ar.  an  eagle  rising  sa.  beaked  legged 
and  a  glory  round  the  head  or,  holding  in  the  dexter  claw 
an  inkhorn  ppr.  a  chief  per  pale  az.  and  gu.  charged  on  the 
dexter  side  with  an  open  book  of  the  third,  inscribed  in 
letters  sa.  "  Thy  word  is  truth,"  and  on  the  sinister  an 
ancient  ship  with  three  masts  sail"  furled  also  or. 

Lloyd  (Dolobran,  co.  Montgomery ;  Sampson  Lloyd,  Esq., 
descended  from  Charles  Lloyd,  Esq.,  of  Dolobran,  h.  IGi;j, 
a  celebrated  antiquary  and  friend  of  Lewis  Dwnn,  the  com- 
piler of  the  Welsh  pedigrees,  by  Elizabeth,  his  wife,  dau. 
of  Thomas  Stanley,  Ehj  ,  of  Knockyn).  Az.  a  chev.  ar. 
betw.  three  game  cocks  of  the  last  spurred  jclloped  and 
wattled  or.     Crett—K  he  goat  ramp.  ppr.     Motto  — VI atch. 

Lloyd  (granted  as  a  quartering  to  Sobanna  Crawley,  of 
Bridport  Houie,  co.  Warwick).  Erm.  on  a  saltire  g"-  betw. 
two  boars'  heads  erased  in  pale  sa.  a  crescent  or. 

Lloyd  (Whitklocke-LLoyd,  exemplified  to  Georoe  Whitf- 
LOCKE  Whiteix>cke-LLotd,  Esq.,  of  Strancally  Ca.stle,  co. 
Waterford,  J. P.  for  that  co.  and  D.L.  West  Hiding  of  York- 
shire, only  surviving  son  and  heir  of  William  Hobton 
LLoYD,  of  Calton,  co.  York,  Esq.,  by  Mary  Whitei.ocke 
his  wife,  4lh  dau  of  Geokok  Whitklocke,  Esq.,  of  Gloucester 
Place,  London,  and  of  Kortoiscau,  near  Paris,  and  sister  and 
heiress  of  James  Wuitblocke,  Esq.,  of  Amboise,  Touraine, 


P'rance,  who  was  the  lin  al  descendant  of  Bclstrode  Whitb- 
LOCKE,  Ambassador  to  Sweden,  Governor  of  Windsor  Castle, 
and  Lord  Commissioner  of  the  Great  Seal.  The  first-named 
GtORGE  Whitelocke  Whitelocke-LLotd,  Esq.,  as.sume<l  l>y 
royal  licence,  30  Jan.,  1880,  the  additional  surname  and  arms 
of  Whitelocke  .  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  Whitelocke- 
LLoyd  :  counter-quariered,  1st  add  4th,  ar  three  lions 
dormant  in  pale  sa.,  forLLoYo;  2iid  and  3rd,  az.  a  chev. 
engr.  betw.  three  eat,'lels  close  or,  for  Whitelocke.  2nd, 
Whitelocke,  az,  a  chev.  engr.  betw.  three  eaglct.s  close  or. 
8rd,  De  la  Beche,  ar.  on  a  bend  gu.  three  stags'  heads 
cabossed  or.  Crexts — 1st,  LLoyd  :  A  demi  arm  in  scale 
armour,  the  hand  naked  ppr.,  the  culTar.  grasping  a  lizard 
vert;  2n0,  Whitelocke:  On  a  tower  vaire  ar.  and  gu.  an 
eaglet,  wings  endorsed  or.  Mottoes — Over,  Quodcunque 
evcnerit  optimuui ;  under  the  shield,  Ar  ol  gwaith  gorphvys 
(After  labour  rest). 
Locker  (Frederick  Locker,  Esq.,  of  25,  Chesham  Street, 
Bclgrave  Square,  London,  S.W.).  Per  pale  arg.  and  sa.  on 
a  chevron  nebuly  betw.  three  dragons'  heads  erased  as 
many  padlo.-ks  all  counterchanged,  Crest~ln  front  of  a 
stag's  head  erased  ppr.  attired  gold,  two  keys  in  saltire  or. 

Loder-Symonds.    See  Svmonds. 

Long"  (Stiufton,  CO.  Somerset ;  descended  from  William 
Long,  temp.  Henry  Vlll.,  second  son  of  Long,  of  Trow- 
bridge, CO.  Wilts.  Visit.  Somerset,  1G23).  Sa.  a  lion  ramp, 
betw.  six  crosses  'jrosslet  ar.  within  two  flaunches  erm. 

Long:  (Peter  Bartholomew  Long,  Esq.,  of  Ipswich,  Suf- 
folk). Sa.  eemec  of  cross  crosslets  and  a  lion  ramp.  ar. 
quartering  az.  a  cross  ar.,  for  De  Lande.  Crest — A  lion's 
head  erased. 

Longstaff  (George  Dixon  Lonostaff,  Esq.,  Butter  Knowle, 
Wandsworth,  Surrey).  Quarterly,  ar.  and  sa.  on  a  bend 
indented  gu.  betw.  two  pheons  of  the  first  a  quarterstaff  or. 
Crest — Two  arms  embowed  vested  sa  semee  de  lis  and  cuffed 
ar.  the  hand  ppr.  grasping  a  quarterstaff  fessewise  or. 
Afo«o— Vigilate. 

Lonsdale  (Heywood-Lonsdale,  of  Gredington,  co.  Ellnt, 
Drumgoon,  McGuiresbridge,  co.  Fermanagh,  and  Carntown, 
CO.  Louth;  exemplined  to  Arthur  Pembebton  Heywood 
Lonsdale,  Esq.,  J. P.,  D.L.,  High  Sheriff  co.  Ixiuth  1877,  son 
of  the  late  Rev.  Henry  Gilby  Lonsdale.  Vicar  of  Lichfield, 
CO.  Stafford,  by  Anna  Maria,  his  wife,  dau.  of  John 
Pemberton  Heywood,  Esq.,  of  Wakefield,  co.  York).  Quar- 
terly, 1st  and  4th,  Lonsdale;  quarterly  vert  and  ar.  on  a 
bend  engr.  or,  betw.  two  bugle  horns  ppr.  three  annulets 
sa. ;  2nd  and  3rd,  Heywood.  Ar.  three  torteaux  in  bend 
betw.  two  bendlets  gu.  en  a  canton  of  the  last  of  cross  pattee 
or.  Crests — 1st,  Lonsdale:  A  demi  stag  gu.  gutt(5  attired 
and  collared  or;  2nd,  Heywood.  Upon  a  mount  vert  the 
trunk  of  a  tree  with  two  branches  sprouting  therefrom  and 
entwined  by  ivy,  thereon  a  falcon  with  wings  displ.  ppr. 

Lovell  (Pugh-Lovell,  of  Llanerchydol,  co.  Montgomery; 
exemplified  to  Mary  Jane  Lovell,  widow  of  Peter  Audley 
Lovell,  E.sq.,  late  of  Cole  Park,  Wilts,  younger  of  the  two 
daus.  of  David  Pugh,  late  of  Llanerchydol  aforesaid,  Esq  , 
J. P.  and  D.L.  for  Montgomeryshire,  Major  of  the  Mont- 
gomeryshire Yeomanry  Cavalry,  Recorder  of  Welshpool,  and 
M.P.  for  the  Montgomeryshire  Boroughs,  and  sister  and  co- 
heir of  Charles  Vauohan  Pugh,  Esq.,  Capt.  90th  Regt.  of 
P'oot,  and  D.L.  for  the  said  co.  of  Montgomery,  on  her 
assuming  by  royal  licence,  dated  17  June,  1882,  the  surname 
of  Pu<;h,  before  that  of  Lovell,  and  the  arms  of  Pugh 
quarterly  with  those  of  Lovell).  Arms  for  Pugh — Or,  a 
lion  pass,  guard,  sa.  holding  in  the  dexter  foi-epaw  a  fleur- 
de-lis  gu.  a  fleur-de-lis  in  base,  also  sa.  a  chief  of  the  last, 
thereon  two  fleurs-de-lis  of  the  firstj  to  be  borne,  as  an 
escutcheon  of  pretence,  on  the  arms  of  Lovell. 

Lovell  (Cole  Park,  Malmcsbury,  Wilts.  Confirmed  to 
Peter  Audley  David  Arthur  Puom- Lovell,  Esq.,  of  Cole 
Park).  1st  and  4th,  Lovell:  Ar.  on  a  chev.  az.  betw.  three 
squirrels  sejant  gu.  each  cracking  a  nut  ppr.  a  garb  or  all 
betw.  two  flaunches  of  the  second;  2nd  and  3rd,  Pcoh:  Or, 
a  lion  pass,  guard,  sa.  holding  in  the  dexter  forepaw  a 
fleur  de-lis  gu.,  a  fleur-de-lis  in  base,  also  sa.  a  chief  of  the 
lust,  thereon  two  fleurs-de-lis  of  the  first.  Crests — A  garb 
fessewise  or,  thereon  a  squirrel  sejant  gu.  cracking  a  nut 
ppr.;  2nd,  Pugh:  On  a  rock  ppr.  a  lion  pass,  guard,  su. 
seme  de  lis,  and  holding  In  the  dexter  paw  a  fleur-de-lis,  or. 
Motto — Propositi  tcnax. 

Lowcay  (confirmed  to  James  Money  Ix>wcay,  of  Lipson 
Terrace,  Plymouth,  Devon,  Paymaster  Royal  Navy,  soo  o 
Robert  Lowcay,  Esq.,  Lieut.  R.N.,  and  grandson  of  Menht 
Lowcay,  Esq.,  of  Kilhile,  co.  Wexford,  who  was  brother  of 


I 


LOW 


SUPPLEMENT. 


MAC 


Anthony  Lowcat,  Esq.,  of  Rosetown,  game  co.,  and  •on  of 
Kev.  Robert  Lowcat,  Rector  of  St.  Jame^,  Dunbrody, 
and  Killesli,  Diocese  of  Kerns,  cu.  Wexford).  Az.  two  bars 
ar.  betw.  three  lions  pass,  guard,  in  pale  of  the  last,  armed 
and  langued  gu.,  each  bar  charged  with  a  trefoil  slipped 
vert.  Crett — A  boar's  head  erect  and  erased  ppr.  charged 
with  a  bar  ar.  thereon  a  trefoil  vert.  Motto — Virtute  et 
valore. 

LiOWe  ( Viscount  Shtrbrooke).  Gu.  three  mullets  fessewise 
ar.  pierced  of  the  field  betw.  two  wolves  pass,  of  the  second. 
Crest— In  front  of  a  wolfs  head  erased  ppr.  gorged  with  a 
collar  gemel  or,  two  mullets  also  or  pierced  gu.  Supporters 
— On  the  dexier  side  a  wolf  ppr.  and  on  the  sinister  side  a 
bay  horse,  each  gorged  with  a  chain  and  therefrom  suspended 
a  portcullis  or. 

liOWry-Corry  {Baron  Rowton).    See  Corrt. 

XiOXton  (Samuel  Loxton,  Esq.,  of  Fern  Dell,  Cannock,  co. 
Stafford).  Per  fess.  gu.  and  barry  of  six  or  and  sa.  in  chief 
an  antelope  pass,  reguard  arg.  Crest — In  front  of  a  mount 
vert  thereon  a  beacon  fired  ppr.,  entwined  by  a  serpent 
head  to  the  sinister  gu.  three  tiefoils  slipped,  also  vert. 
Motto — "  Fiat  Lux." 

IiOyd  (Thomas  Edward  John  Lloyd,  Esq.,  of  Aberdunant, 
00.  Carnarvon).  Gu.  on  a  chev.  invected  erm.  betw.  three 
Saracens'  heads  affront^e  couped  at  the  neck  ppr.  an  anchor 
erect  betw.  two  fleur-de-lis  sa.  Crest  — A  Saracen's  head 
affrontee  erased  at  the  neck  pnr.  wreathed  about  the  temples 
or  and  sa.  betw.  two  iieur  de  lis  of  the  last. 

liUmsden  (Ferryhill,  near  Aberdeen,  1883).  Az.  a  ship 
under  sail  betw.  two  wolves'  heads  couped  in  chief  and  an 
escallop  in  base  ar.  Crest — Xn  e.igle  preying  on  a  Salmon 
jipr.     Motto — Fide  et  perseverantia. 

Ijydiard  (granted  to  Elizabeth,  the  widow  and  the  children 
of  Capt.  Charles  Lydiard,  R.N.,  of  .Meadfields,  Surrey, 
commander  of  H.M.S.  "Anson,"  who  received  a  gold  medal 
from  the  king  commemorating  his  distinguished  services  at 
the  taking  of  Curayoa,  and,  1  Jan.  1807,  a  royal  licence  to 
bear  the  same  in  his  arms,  but  who  i/.  Dec.  following,  being 
drowned  by  the  sinking  of  the  "Anson"  before  the  licence 
was  ratified).  .A.z.  a  maunch  erm.  surmounted  by  an 
anchor  erect  within  a  bordure  engr.  or:  on  a  chief  wavy 
vert  a  representation  of  the  aforesaid  gold  naval  medal 
pendent  from  a  riband  ar.  fimbriated  of  first,  with  the  word 
"Curagoa"  iriscribed  under  the  same  betw.  two  naval 
crowns  gold.  Crest — Out  of  a  naval  crown  or,  a  Moor's  head 
affrontee  ppr.  wreathed  round  the  temples  with  laurel  vert. 
round  the  neck  a  torse  ar.  and  az.  thence  pendent  a  medal 
and  ribbon  as  in  the  arms.     Motto — Virtute  et  prudentia. 

Lijme  (Hants).  The  Aruis  are  correctly  given  in  the  body 
of  the  work,  but  the  residence  should  he  Burley  Manor, 
South  Hants.  The  family  held  the  manor  for  some  three 
hundred  years;  it  was  formerly  included  in  the  parish  of 
Ringwood,  hence  the  error. 

Lsrtton  (BclwerLytton,  Earl  of  Lytton).  Quarterly,  1st 
and  4th,  erm.  on  a  chief  dancettee  az.  three  ducal  crowns 
or,  a  canton  ar.  charged  with  a  rose  gu.  barbed  and  seeded 
|ipr.,  for  Lytton;  2nd,  gu.  on  a  chev.  ar.  betw.  three  eagles 
regard,  or,  as  many  cinquefoils  sa.,  for  Bulwer;  3rd,  or. 
three  mullets  sa.  pierced  gu.  ou  a  chief  wavy  uz.  a  dove 
regard,  ppr.,  for  Wiggett.  Crests — 1st,  Lytton:  A  bittern 
in  flags  ppr.  charged  with  a  rose  gu.  as  in  the  arms ;  2nd, 
Bdlwer:  an  heraldic  tiger's  head  erased  erm.  crined  and 
armed  or;  3rd,  Wiooett:  A  dove  regard,  ar.  holding  in  the 
beak  an  olive  branch  ppr.  fructed,  gold.  Supporters— On 
either  side  an  angel  ppr.  vested  ar.  and  holding  in  the 
exterior  hand  an  eastern  crown  or.  Motto — Hoc  virtutis 
opus. 


M 


MACABE  (Collection  of  Molyneux,  Ulster,  L597-1632).  Gu. 
a  ram's  fleece  extemU-d  ar.  horns  or.  Crest — A  demi  lion 
ramp.  ar.  holding  betw.  the  paws  an  arrow,  point  downwards 
gu.  headed  and  feathered,  also  ar. 

HcClintock-Blinbury  (Lord  Rathdonntll).  See  Bun- 
bury. 

McCombie  (Easterskane,  co.  Aberdeen,  1883).  Ar.  a  lion 
ramp.  gu.  armed  and  langued  az.  a  chief  of  the  second. 
Crest— K  wild  cat  sejant  ppr.  Motto — Touch  not  the  cat 
but  a  glove. 


DfcCrea^h  -  Thomhill  (Major  Michael  McCbeaoh- 
Thoenhill).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  gu.  two  bars  gemel  ar.  on 
a  chief  of  the  last  a  mascle  sa.,  for  Thornhill;  2nd  and  3rd, 
or,  on  a  fesse  embattled  betw.  three  mullets  of  six  points  in 
chief,  and  a  lion  ramp,  in  base  gu.  a  sword  fessewise,  point 
to  the  dexter  ppr.  pommel  and  hilt  gold,  for  McCeeaoh. 
Creats— 1st  Thornhill:  A  thorn-tree  ppr.  on  the  trunk  a 
mascle  or;  2nd,  McCreaou  :  a  demi  lion  gu.  gorged  with 
a  collar  gemel,  and  charged  on  the  shoulder  with  two 
mullets  of  six  points  fessewise  or,  holding  betw.  the  paws  a 
bezant  thereon  two  mascles  interlaced  sa.  Major  McCrkaoh- 
Thobnhill  impales  in  right  of  his  wife  the  arms  of  Thorn- 
hill, as  above,  and  the  arms  of  Bacbe,  viz.,  or,  a  lion  ramp, 
guard,  pean  a  bordure  sa.  charged  with  eleven  bezants. 

mcDermott  (Confirmed  by  Ulster  King  of  Arms,  and  re- 
corded in  Her  Majesty's  College  of  Arms,  London,  as  of  right 
belonging  and  appertaining  unto  UenryThomas  McDeemott, 
of  Trinity  House.  Gensing  Gardens,  St.  Leonard"s-on-Sea, 
Sussex,  Esq.,  son  of  Henry  Thomas  McDebmott,  deceased, 
and  grandson  of  James  McDermott,  also  deceased).  Per 
chev.  ar.  and  or.  on  a  chev.  gu.  betw.  in  chief  three  boara' 
heads  erased  at  the  neck,  and  in  base  a  cross  crosslet  az. 
three  trefoils  slipped  of  the  second.  Crest — A  demi  lion  ramp, 
or,  holding  betw.  the  paws  a  boar's  head  erased,  as  in  the 
arms.     Motto — Honor  virtutis  praemium. 

Macdonald  (Edinburgh,  1878).  Quarterly,  ar.  and  or,  in 
the  first  quarter  a  lion  ramp.  gu. ;  in  the  second  a  dexter  hand 
couped  fesseways,  holding  a  cross  crosslet  fitchee  of  the  last ; 
in  the  third  a  lymphad,  sails  furled  and  oars  in  saltire  sa.  ; 
in  the  fourth  a  salmon  naiant  ppr.  overall  on  a  fesse  of  the 
third  a  cushion  of  the  second.  Crest — .\  dexter  hand  holding 
a  dirk  erect  ppr.     Motto  — Xec  tempore  nee  fato. 

SCcEacheriL  (Goathland,  co.  York,  and  Queensland  ;  for- 
merly Scotland).  Per  fesse  or  and  ar.  a  lymphad,  sails 
furled  sa.  on  a  shield  gu.  pendent  therefrom  on  the  sinister 
Bide  a  trefoil  of  the  second.  Crest — .\n  arm  in  armour,  the 
hand  bare  ppr.  holding  a  cross  crosslet  fitchee  or,  paleways. 
Motto — Per  mare  per  terras. 

Uacgregror  (Capt.  Francis  Nugent  Macoreoob,  R.A., 
1883).  Same  as  Macgbeoor-Skinner  (page  640),  with  a 
bordure  quarterly  az.  and  erm.,  for  diff. 

HacKenzie  (Fawley  Court,  co.  Buckingham,  and  Newbie, 
CO.  Dumfries).  Or,  a  cross  parted  and  frettyaz.  betw.  in  the 
first  and  fourth  quarters  a  stag's  head  cabossed  of  the  laai, 
and  in  the  second  and  third  quarters  a  mountain  in  flames 
ppr.  Crest — A  stag's  head  cabossed  az.  within  the  attires  a 
cross  couped  or,  the  whole  betw.  two  stag's  horns  gold. 

KaoKenzie  ( Auchenskeoch,  co.  Kirkcudbright,  and  Craig's, 
CO.  Dumfries).     Same  Anns  and  Crest,  a  crescent  for  diff. 

MacKenzie  (Warmanbie,  co.  Dumfries).    Same  Amu  and 

Crest,  a  mullet  for  diff. 

MaoKenzie  (Gillott's,  co.  Oxford).  Same  Arms  and  Crest, 
a  martlet  for  diff. 

Mackenzie  (.^Xontago-Stdart-Wortley-Mackenzik,  Eari 
of  Wharncliffe,  page  1137).  The  3rd  Lord  Whamcliffe  was 
created  an  earl  1876,  and  assumed,  1880,  by  royal  licence, 
the  prefix  surnauie  of  Montagu,  in  conjunction  wiiU  his 
■[i/t>iher,  Francis,  when  the  following  arms  were  ex- 
eniplified  : — Quarterly,  1st,  az.  a  stag's  head  caboshed  within 
two  branches  of  laurel  or,  for  Mackenzie  ;  2nd,  ar.  on  a  bend 
betw.  six  martlets,  gu.  three  bezants  a  canton  charged  with 
the  arms  of  Stcabt,  being  those  of  the  3rd  quarter,  for 
Wortley  ;  3rd,  or,  a  fesse  chequy  az.  and  ar.  within  a 
double  tressure  flory  counterflory  gu.,  for  Stuart;  4th,  ar. 
three  lozenges  conjoined  in  fesse  gu.  within  a  bordure  sa., 
for  Montagu.  Crests — Ist,  an  eagle  rising  from  a  rock  ppr. 
and  in  an  escrol  over,  the  motto,  Firma  et  Ardua,  for  Mac- 
kenzie ;  2nd,  an  eagle's  leg,  erased  or,  issuant  therefrom 
three  ostrich  feathers  ppr.  charged  on  the  thigh  with  a  fesse 
chequy  az.  and  ar.  for  Wortley  ;  3rd,  a  demi  lion  ramp.  gu. ; 
and  in  an  escrol  over,  the  motto,  Nobilis  Ira,  for  Stdabt  ; 
4tli,  a  griffin's  head  couped  or,  wings  endorsed  and  beak  sa. 
Supi>orters — Dexter,  a  horse  ar.  bridled  gu.  ;  sinister,  a 
stag  ppr.  attired  or,  each  gorged  with  a  collar  flory  counter- 
flory of  the  second.  Mottoes — Avito  viret  Honore  ;  Nobilis 
Ira  ;  and  Firma  et  Ardua. 

Mackenzie  (Winchester,  formerly  Scotland,  1879).  Per 
fesse  ar.  and  az.  a  buck's  head  cabossed  counterchanged. 
in  dexter  chief  a  holly  leaf  ppr.  Crest— A  buck's  head,  aa 
in  the  arms.    Motto — I  face  all  weathers. 


MAC 


SUPPLEMENT. 


MAS 


7/Iackie  (St.  John's  House,  Wakefield,  co.  York;  Robebt 
BowNAS  iUcKiE.  Esq.,  F.S.A.,  M.P.  for  Wakefield),  Paly  of 
six  or  and  gu.  on  a  bend  sinister  engr.  az.  a  Narcissus  betw. 
two  mullets  of  six  points  of  the  first.  Crest — In  front  ot  a 
cubit  dexter  arm  erect  grasping  a  sword  all  ppr.  a  Narcissus 
ar.  betw.  two  mullets  of  six  points  or.  Motto — Disce  et 
labora. 
Kackie  (Manor  House,  Heath,  Wakefield;  Col.  Edwakd 
Alexakdeb  Mackie,  of  that  place,  J. P.).  Same  as  the 
preceding,  Col.  Mackie  being  brother  of  R.  B.  Mackie,  Esq., 
M.P. 
Kackintosli  (Keir-Mackintosh,  of  Dalmigavie,  co.  In- 
Terness,  1882).  Quarterly,  Ist  and  4th  graud  quarters 
counterquartered ;  1st,  or  a  lion  ramp.  gu. ;  2nd,  ar.  a  dexter 
hand  couped  fessways  grasping  a  man's  heart  paleways  gu. ; 
3rd,  aj..  a  boar's  head  couped  or;  4th,  or,  a  lymphad,  oars 
in  saltire  sa.  all  within  a  bordure  gu.  charged  with  eight 
annulets  or,  for  di£f.,  for  Mackintosh;  2nd  and  3rd  grand 
quarters,  or,  a  cross  engr.  sa.  betw.  four  roses  gu.,  for  Kbib. 
Oes(«— On  dexter,  a  cat  courant  guard,  ppr.,  for  Mack- 
intosh; on  sinister,  a  pelican  vulning  herself  ppr.  Mottoei — 
Touch  not  the  cat  but  a  glove ;  Virescit  in  arduis  virtus. 

MacMahon  (Lords  of  Oirghialla  or  Oriel,  the  present  co.  of 
Monaghan,  an  ancient  Sept  in  Ulster  of  the  same  race  as 
HcGuibe,  Lord  of  Fermanagh,  descended  from  Colla  da 
Cbbiocb  ;  they  had  their  chief  seat  at  Dartree.  The  Annals 
of  the  Four  Masters  record,  under  the  year  1273,  that 
EoCHAiDH  MacMahon,  Lord  of  Oirghialla,  was  slain  with 
many  others,  by  the  people  of  Tyrone.  Art  MacMahon, 
eldest  son  and  heir  of  Sir  Brian  MacMahon,  Knt.,  chief  of 
his  name,  died  according  to  his  Fun.  Ent.  Ulster's  Office,  a.d. 
1634).  Ar.  an  ostrich  sa.  holding  in  the  beak  a  horseshoe 
or.  Cre«<— A  naked  arm  embowed  holding  a  sword  all  ppr. 
the  point  pierced  through  a  fleur-de-lis  sa.  Mottoes — So  dorn 
dona  dhubhfuiltibh ;  and  Manus  haec  inimica  tyrannis. 

MacRitchie  (Logie,  co.  Perth,  1881).  Or,  a  lion  ramp.  gu. 
betw.  two  mullets  in  chief  vert  and  a  crescent  in  base  of  the 
second  a  bordure  of  the  third.  Crest — A  cat  sejant  ramp. 
sa.    Motto — Prenez  garde. 

ICahon  (Cavetown,  co.  Roscommon,  confirmed,  1884,  to 
Lieut. -CoL.  Maurice  Hartland  Mahon,  son  of  Rev. 
Abtuub  Mahon,  of  Cavetown,  and  grandson  of  Robert 
Mahon,  Esq.,  Cavetown,  and  to  the  other  descendants  of 
his  grandfather.  This  last  named  Robert  was  son  of  Ven. 
Arthur  Mahon,  Archdeacon  of  Elphin,  whose  father. 
Very  Rev.  Peter  Mahon,  Dean  of  Elphin,  was  4th  son  of 
KicuuiAS  Mahon,  Esq.,  of  Ballinenily,  same  co.  and 
brother  of  John  Mahon,  Esq..  of  Strokestown,  the  grand- 
father of  Mai'bice,  1st  Lord  Hartland).  Or,  a  lion  ramp. 
az.  langued  gu.  a  martlet  sa.  for  diff.  Crest — An  heraldic 
tiger  pass,  holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a  broken  tilting  spear 
all  ppr.  and  charged  on  the  shoulder  with  a  martlet  sa.  for 
diff.    3/o(to— Buaidh  go  bragh. 

Uain  (Rev.  Thomas  John  Main,  M.A.)  Or  three  piles 
two  issuant  from  the  chief  and  one  from  the  base  az.  each 
charged  with  a  dexter  hand  couped  at  the  wrist,  those  in 
chief  pendent  and  that  in  base  erect  of  the  field.  Crest — In 
front  of  a  cubit  arm  erect  ppr.  holding  a  cross  botonny 
fltche  in  pale  or  and  a  sword  fessewise  the  point  to  the 
dexter  also  ppr.  poniel  and  hilt  gold  three  piles  reversed  az. 

Main'warin^  (Coleby  Hall,  co.  Lincoln  ;  descended  from 
Merton,  co.  Chester;  obtained  the  estate  of  Goltho,  co. 
Lincoln,  by  marriage  with  Elizabeth  Grantham,  the  heiress; 
CflARLEa  Mainwabing,  the  last  of  the  co.  Lincoln  line,  rf. 
1861,  unm.,  at.  75,  leaving  three  sisters,  his  co-heiresses, 
Anne,  Maria,  and  Elizabeth,  ia.  respectively  to  Burton,  of 
Burton,  co.  Carlow,  Lee-Mainwaring,  of  Knaresborough 
Abbey,  co.  York,  and  Langton,  of  Langton,  co.  Lincoln). 
Same  Amit,  <fec.,  as  Mainwarino,  extinct  bart.  of  Over 
Peover,  co.  Chester,  with  ppr.  diffs.  See  Mainwarino,  bart. 
extinct. 

Mallinson  (John  Mallinson,  Esq.,  of  Manchester).  Az.  on 
a  fesse  cottincd  or  betw.  four  crescents  three  in  chief 
and  one  In  base  of  the  last  a  fasces  fessewise  of  the  first. 
Crt»l—\n  arm  embowed  vested  az.  charged  with  two 
crescents  and  cuff  or  the  hand  ppr.  grasping  a  fasces 
palewise  also  or. 

Kale  (Ponty  prid,  Llanwonno,  ro.  Glamorgan,  Richard  Male 
Lieut.  In  the  2nd  Urgt.  of  Glamorganshire  Volunteers).  Gu. 
on  a  croM  couped  betw.  four  battle  axes  ar.  as  many  annulets 
of  the  field.  CrfKl~A  spear  erect  ppr.  therefrom  pendent  by 
a,  riband  az.  an  escooheon  gu.  charged  with  two  battle  axes 
saltlrewUe  ar.    Motto— CruA  dum  splho  spero. 


Malone  (Dublin,  page  653).  The  cresl  of  this  family  is  a 
squirrel  sejant  ar.  holding  betw.  the  fore  paws  an  acorn  ppr. 

Maltby  (Right  Rev.  Edward  Maltbt,  D.D.,  Bishop  of 
Durham,  son  of  George  Maltby,  Esq.,  of  the  City  of 
Norwich).  Ar.  on  a  bend  gu.  betw.  a  lion  ramp,  in  chief 
purp.  and  a  cross  pattee  in  base  of  the  second,  three  garbs 
or.  Crest — Betw.  two  branches  of  olive  ppr.  a  garb  or, 
charged  with  a  cross  patee  gu.     Motto — Nil  sine  labore. 

Uanchester  and  Salford  Bank.  Az.  a  garb  or 
banded  gu.  a  bordure  arg.  charged  with  five  torteaux,  on  a 
chief  of  the  second  three  bendlets  of  the  third.  Crest — A 
demi  eagle  displ.  with  two  heads  vert,  each  wing  charged 
with  a  bezant  and  on  the  breast  a  trefoil  slipped  or.  Motto 
— Kespice  et  prospice. 

IVEanserg-h  (Orenane,  co.  Tipperary ;  Brtan  Mansesgh,  Esq., 
rf.  without  male  issue:  his  dau.  and  co-heir,  Dorothea 
Manskrgh,  m.  Archibald  Redfoobd,  Esq.,  of  Shroland,  co. 
Kildare,  and  had  an  only  dau.  and  heiress,  Euza  Redkoord, 
who  ?n.  Rev.  James Bulwer,  Rector  of  Hunworth-cum-Hody, 
CO.  Norfolk,  and  was  mother  of  James  Redfoord  Bulwer, 
Esq.,  Q C.  Recorder  of  Cambridge,  Treasurer  of  the  Inner 
Temple,  and  Lieut. -Col.  Inns  of  Court  Rifle  Volunteers). 
Ar.  a  bend  raguly  gu.  betw.  three  arrows  points  downwards 
of  the  last  headed  and  feathered  or. 

Marcell  (Languedoc,  France,  afterwards  of  Waterford, 
Anthony  Marcell,  an  Officer  in  the  Army  of  William  III., 
was  killed  at  the  battle  of  the  Boyne,  1690,  leaving  a  son 
Lewis  Marcell,  who  was  6.  at  Uzes,  in  Languedoc,  was 
naturalized  by  Act  of  Parliament  13  Queen  Anne,  and  settled 
in  Waterford.  By  Magdalen  Vionolles,  his  wife,  he  lelt 
two  sons,  who  both  d.  s.  p.,  and  as  many  daus.,  Jane  Mary, 
m.  Major  Henry  Conran,  and  Blandina,  to.  John  Strahan). 
Az.  a  chev.  ar.  betw.  in  chief  a  dexter  arm  in  fesse  couped 
below  the  elbow  the  hand  grasping  a  dagger  point  upwards 
all  ppr.  and  in  base  a  trefoil  slipped  of  the  second.  Crest — 
A  demi  eagle  issuant  ppr. 

Marj  oribanks  (£a7'07i  TweedmoxUh).  Ar.  on  a  chief  gu. 
a  cushion  betw.  two  spur  rowels  of  the  field.  Supporters — 
On  either  side  a  bear  ppr.  muzzled  and  collared  or.  and 
charged  on  the  shoulder  with  a  spur  rowel  ar.  Crest — A 
lion's  gamb  erect  and  erased  grasping  a  lance  in  bend,  both 
ppr.     Motto — Advance  with  courage. 

Marling'  (Stanley  Park,  and  Sedbury  Park,  co.  Gloucester, 
bart.,  created  22  May,  1882).  Ar.  three  bars  gu.  each 
charged  with  five  bezants,  in  chief,  a  lion  passant  of  the 
second.  Crest — In  front  of  a  tower  embattled  and  domed, 
thereon  a  fiagstaff  ppr.  with  a  pennon  gu.  three  bezants. 
Motto — Nulli  prseda  sumus. 

Marshall  (Blowbery  and  Windsor,  co.  Berks).  The  Arms, 
blazoned  at  p.  661,  arc  said  in  Harl.  MS.  1441,  to  have  been 
granted  by  Bysshe,  Garter,  14  Dec.  1647,  to  John  Marshall, 
of  London,  Vintner. 

Marshall  (Woodwalton,  co.  Huntingdon,  p.  661).  Was  also 
of  Kinchingfield,  co.  Essex. 

Marshall  (Marston,  co.  Lincoln,  &c.,  p.  661).  Instead  of 
the  localities  there  given,  read,  "  Brandon,  in  the  parish  of 
Haugh,  Marston,  Doncaster,"  Whatton-in-the-Vale,  &c. 

Marshall  (Ivythome,  co.  Somerset,  granted  1573,  p.  662). 
These  Anus  were  granted  to  Richard  Marshall,  of  Strood, 
1  June,  1573.  The  mullets  in  the  Anns  are  "  or,"  not  "  of 
the  field." 

Marshall  (Broadwater,  co.  Surrey,  <fec.,  <fec.,  p.  662).  In  the 
blazon  of  the  Crest  for  "A  ciested  female  figure  rested," 
read  "  A  female  figure  vested." 

Marshall  (Bescutt  and  Walsall,  co.  Stafford,  &c.,  &c.,  p. 
662).  In  the  blazon  of  the  Crest  for  "  a  shoe  shoe  az.," 
read  "  a  horse  shoe  az." 

Martin  (Sir  Theodore  Martin,  K.C.B.,  1880).  Per  pale  sa 
and  gu.  a  chev.  betw.  two  crescents  in  chief  and  a  stag's 
head  cra.scd  in  base  ar.  Crenl — A  lion  ramp.  sa.  holding  in 
his  dexter  fore  paw  a  crescent  ar.     Motto — Spero. 

Mar'wick  (Town  Clerk,  Glasgow,  1877).  Per  fesse  ar.  and 
az.  a  saltire  wavy  counterchanged  betw.  a  castle  triple 
towered  sa.  masoned  ar.  thereon  a  reri-breast  ppr.  in  chief 
and  an  otter's  head  erased  of  the  first  in  base.  Crest — A  boar 
pa.ss.  az.     Motto — Firmus  et  fldelis. 

Mason  (Necton  Hall,  Swaffham,  co.  Norfolk ;  exemplified  to 
Robert  Harvey  Blake  Humfry,  Esq.,  eldest  son  of  Robert 
Blake  Hdmfbt,  Esq.,  of  Wrexham,  in  same  co.,  upon  his 
assuming,  by  royal  licence,  March,  1879,  the  surnauic  of 


MAS 


SUPPLEMENT. 


MIL 


Mason,  under  the  will  of  Col.  G«!oroe  Blomefiei.d,  formerly 
Mason,  of  Necton  Hall).  Quarterly,  Ist  and  4th,  ar.  on  a 
fesse  cottised  az.  two  annulets  of  the  first,  in  chief  as  many 
lions'  heads  couped  of  the  second,  for  Mason;  2nd  and  3rd, 
counterquartered,  1st  and  4th,  qu.  a  lion  ramp,  and  above  the 
head  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a  canton  of  th«  last  for  distinction, 
for  HcMFBET  ;  2nd  and  Srd,  ar.  a  chcv.  betw.  three  garbs  sa., 
a  border  of  the  last  charged  with  eight  fleui-s-de-lis  of  the 
first,  for  Blake.  Crests — Ist,  Hcmfbet  :  On  a  ducal  coronet 
an  eagle,  wings  elevated,  holding  in  the  dextorclaw  a  sceptre 
all  or,  and  charged  on  the  breast  for  distinction,  with  a 
cross  crosslet  gu. ;  2nd,  Mason  :  A  lion's  head  couped  az. 
hQldin^  in  the  mouth  an  antler  in  bend  or,  betw.  two  wings 
ar.  each  charg«d  with  an  annul«t  also  az. ;  3rd,  Blake  :  On 
a  morion  a  martlet  ppr. 

Hassicks  (The  Oaks,  MiHom,  Cumberland).  Per  pale 
or  and  az.  on  a  fesse  betw.  four  leopards'  faces  jessant  de 
lis,  three  in  chief  and  one  in  base,  two  quarterfoils  all 
counterchanged.  Crest— A  cross  pattte  az.  surmounted  by 
a  leopard's  face  jessatt  de  lis  or.  Motto — Vestigia  nulla 
retrorsum. 

"Matheson  (Lochalsh,  co.  Ross,  hart.,  created  15  May, 
1S8'2).  Ar.  three  dextrr  hands,  couped  two  and  one  gu.  and 
for  difference  within  a  bordure  of  the  2nd.  Crest — A  dexter 
hand  holding  a  scimitar  in  fesse  a,ll  ppr.  Motto — Fac  et 
spera. 

Matthews.    See  Donaldson. 

Mauley  (page  670).  For,  "Or,  a  head  sa."  read,  "Or,  a 
bend  sa." 

Mawdsley  (James  Platt  Mawdslet,  Esq.,  36,  Falkner 
Square,  Liverpool).  Sa.  two  chevronels  betw.  in  chief  as 
many  pickaxes  and  in  base  a  fleur-de-lis  ar.  Crest — An 
eagle  displ.  sa.  charged  on  the  body  and  wings  with  nine 
annulets  and  holding  in  the  beak  a  pickaxe  all  ar.  ^t»tto— 
Conatu 

Maxwell  (Lord  Farnham,  p.  672).  The  charges  on  the  chief 
in  the  1st  and  4th  quarters  are  pallets,  not  pellets. 

Maxwell  (Wedderburn  Maxwell,  Middlebie,  co.  Dumfries 
and  Glenlair,  co.  Kirkcudbright).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th, 
ar.  a  saltire  sa.  in  chief  a  mullet  gu.  a  bordure  az.,  for 
Maxwell;  2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  roses  gu. 
barbed  vert,  for  Wedderbcrn.  Crests — Dexter,  a  stag 
lodged  in  front  of  a  holly  tree  ppr.,  for  Maxwell  ;  sinister, 
an  eagle's  head  erased  ppr.,  for  W'EDDEEBrRN.  Mottoei — 
Reviresco;    and  Kon  degener. 

May  (Charterhouse,  Hinton-upon-Mendip,  co.  Somerset ; 
Christopher  Mat,  6.  1583,  son  of  John  Mat,  and  grandson 
of  Robert  Mat,  all  of  Charterhouse-Hinton:  granted  to 
Robert  Mat,  1573.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Sa.  a  chev. 
betw.  three  roses  ar.  a  chief  or. 

May  (William  Mat,  Esq.,  of  the  Knowle,  Brenchley,  Kent). 
Gu.  a  chev.  invected  or,  betw.  three  roses  ar.  on  a  chief 
of  the  second  a  bull  statant  sa.  Crest — Out  of  the  battle- 
ments of  a  tower  a  hawthorn  tree  in  blossom  with  white 
May  flower,  in  front  thereof  two  tilting  spears  in  saltire  all 
ppr.    Motto — Memor  et  fidelis. 

Mayo  (Avebury,  co.  Wilts,  and  Cheshunt  House,  co.  Herts; 
borne  by  Rev.  Charles  Mato,  D.C.L.,  of  Cheam,  co. 
Surrey,  Thomas  Mato,  M.D.,  President  of  Royal  College 
of  Physicians,  1856,  and  Rev.  William  Mato,  M.A.,  Rector 
of  Folke,  CO.  Dorset).  Sa.  a  chev.  betw.  three  roses  ar.  a 
chief  or.  Crest — A  dove  holding  an  olive  branch  in  the 
beak  all  ppr.    Motto — Nuncia  pacis  oliva. 

Medhop  (Collection  of  Molyneux,  Ulster,  1597-1632).  Erm. 
a  lion  ramp.  vert.  Cr-est — A  demi  lion  ramp.  vert,  holding 
betw.  the  paws  a  ducal  coronet  or. 

Meiklejohn  (Scotland,  1881).  Per  pale  or  and  gu.  on  a 
chief  two  martlets  all  counterchanged.  Crest — A  dexter 
arm  in  armour  from  the  shoulder  resting  on  the  elbow, 
the  hand  holding  a  scymetar  all  ppr.  il/of(o— Spes  magna 
In  Deo. 

Mercer  (Tod-Mercer.  Scotsbanks,  co.  Selkirk,  and  Hope 
Park,  Edinburgli).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  or,  on  a  fesse 
betw.  three  crosses  pattee  in  cliief  and  a  mullet  in  base  az. 
three  bezants  a  border  of  the  second  for  diff.,  for  Mercer  ; 
2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  a  fesse  sa  betw.  three  foxes'  heads  couped 
ppr.,  for  Tod.  Crest— A  cross  patt^  fltch^e  gu.  Motto- 
Crux  Christi  mea  corona. 

Kolville  (Baltoub  -  Melville,  Pilrig,  Edinburgh,  and 
Strathkinness,  co.  Fife,  1883).  1st  and  4th,  ar.  on  a  chev. 
indented  sa.  betw.  a  rose  in  chief  gu.   and  a  saltire  in  base 


az.  an  otter's  head  erased  of  the  field,  for  Balfour  ;  2nd  and 
3rd,  gu.  three  crescents  ar.  within  a  bordure  of  the  last 
charged  with  eight  roses  of  the  first,  a  crescent  of  the 
second  in  chief,  far  diff.,  for  Melville.  Crests — 1st,  Bel- 
Fotjm:  A  dexter  hand  holding  an  olive  branch  ppr  ;  Motto — 
Adsit  Deus.  2nd,  Melville:  A  crescent  arg. ;  Motto  — 
Denique  caelum. 

Meredith (Glenelg, Australia;  Edward Phillipps Meredith, 
Esq.).  Ar.  a  lion  ramp,  sa.  gorged  with  a  mural  crown 
pendent  therefrom  a  chain  reflected  over  the  back  or,  holding 
betw.  the  paws  an  escocheon  of  the  first  charged  with  a  pear 
leaved  and  slipped  ppr.  betw.  four  mullets  of  six  points  gu. 
Crent — A  lion  ramp.  sa.  gorged  with  a  mural  crown  pendent 
therefrom  a  chain  reflected  over  the  back  or,  holding  in  the 
dexter  forepaw  a  pear  leaved  and  slipped  ppr.  and  the  dexter 
hind  paw  resting  on  an  escocheon  ar.  charged  with  a  mullet 
of  six  points  gu. 

Merifield  (Crookherne  and  Huish,  co.  Somerset;  John 
Merifield,  of  Crookherne,  temp.  James  I.,  son  of  Robert 
Merifield,  of  same  place,  and  grandson  of  Richard  Meri- 
field, of  Huish.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Or,  on  a  fesse 
cottised  az.  between  three  crescents  sa.  as  many  roses  ar. 

Metcalfe  (Inglethorpe  Hall, co.  Norfolk;  granted  in  1810  to 
John  Metcalfe,  Esq.,  of  Glandford  Brigg,  physician,  great- 
uncle  to  Frederick  Morehocse  Metcalfe,  F.K.G.S.,  of 
Inglethorpe  Hall,  co.  Norfolk).  Ar.  a  fesse  engr.  ermines 
cottised  gu.  between  three  calves  of  the  second.  Crest — A 
hound  erm.  resting  the  dexter  paw  on  an  escutcheon  gu. 

Mewburn  (Darlington,  co.  Durham).  Ar.  three  lioncela 
ramp>  gu.  Crest — A  demi  griffin  ramp.  Motto — Festina 
lente. 

Meyrick  ( A pley  Castle,  co.  Salop,  and  Bush,  co.  Pembroke, 
Bart. ;  created  6  May,  1880).  Quarterly,  Ist  and  4th,  sa.  on 
a  chev.  ar.  betw.  three  brands  erect  raguly  or,  inflamed 
ppr.  a  fleur-de-lis  gu.  betw.  two  Cornish  choughs,  respectant, 
also  ppr.,  for  Mbtrick.  2nd  and  3rd.  or,  a  lion  ramp.  gu.  a 
sinister  quarter  quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  gu.  ten  bezants ; 
2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  on  a  mount  vert  a  lion  pass,  guard,  or,  for 
Charlton.  Crests— 1st,  Metrick,  a  tower  ar.  thereon  upon 
a  mount  vert,  a  Cornish  chough  ppr.  holding  in  the  dexter 
claw  a  lleur-de-lis  gu. ;  2nd,  Charlton,  out  of  an  eastern 
coronet  or,  a  leopard's  head  issuant  gu. 

Meyrick  (Williams-Metbick,  The  Hermitage,  Beaumaris, 
CO.  Anglesey.  Exemplified  to  Rev.  John  Williams,  Rector 
of  Beaumaris,  and  to  Clara  Scsanna,  his  wife,  sister  of 
William  Putland  Metrick,  E.<q.,  late  of  Cefn  Coch,  same 
CO..  on  as.suming  by  royal  licence,  dated  23  .May,  1877,  the 
surname  of  Meyrick  in  addition  to  and  after  that  of  Williams, 
in  compliance  with  the  testamentary  injimction  of  the  afore- 
said William  Pctland  Mevbick,  the  issue  to  dispense  with 
the  marks  of  distinction).  Quarterly,  Ist  and  4th,  sa.  on 
a  chev.  ar.  betw.  three  brands  erect  ragulce  or,  inflamed 
ppr.  a  fleur-de-lis  gu.  betw.  two  Cornish  choughs  respect- 
ing each  other  also  ppr.,  and  for  distinction  in  the  centre 
chief  point  a  cross  crosslet  gold,  for  Mktrick;  2nd  and  3rd, 
ar,  a  lion  pass.  sa.  gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  or,  in  chief  a 
uqatrefoil  betw.  two  fleurs-de-lis,  and  in  base  a  fleur-de-lis 
betw.  two  quatrefoils  gu.,  for  Williams.  Crests — Ist,  Met- 
rick: A  tower  ar.  thereon  upon  a  mount  vert  a  Cornish 
chough  ppr.  holding  in  the  dexter  claw  a  fleur.de-lis  gu.  the 
tower  charged  for  distinction  with  a  cross  crosslet  sa. ;  2nd, 
Williams:  A  lion  pass.  sa.  sem€  of  quatrefoils  and  gorged 
with  a  collar  gemel  ar.  holding  in  the  dexter  forepaw  a  fleur- 
de-lis  gu.    Motto — Heb  Dduw  heb  ddim  a  duw  a  digon. 

Michael  (William  Henrt  Michael,  Esq.,  Q.C.,  54,  Corn- 
wall Gardens,  Kensington,  London).  Per  chev.  or  and 
az.  three  leopards'  faces  counterchanged,  on  a  chief 
nebulee  ar.  two  saltires  couped  of  the  second.  Crest — In 
front  of  a  saltire  couped  az.  a  leopard's  face  or.  Motto — 
I  secundo  omine. 

Milbank  (Well  and  Thorpe  Perrow,  co.  York,  and  Hart  and 
Wemiiiergilt,  co.  Durham,  barf.,  created  16  May,  1882). 
Gu.  a  saltire  ar.  gutt€  de  poix,  betw.  two  lions'  heads  couped 
in  pale  and  as  many  roses  in  fesse  of  the  second.  Crest — A 
lion's  head  couped  ar.  gutte  de  poix,  charged  with  a  pale  gu. 
thereon  three  roses  also  ar. 

Miller  (Acre  Valley,  co.  Stirling).  Az.  a  cross  milrind  or, 
on  a  chief  ar.  a  cross  patee  gu.  betw.  two  bulls'  heads  era.'^ed 
sa.  armed  vert.  Cittt — A  horse's  head  erased  ar.  M'ltto— 
Celer. 


MIL 


SUPPLEMENT. 


MUS 


Villa  (Jo«B»B  Mnj.8,  Esq.,  The  Beecheg,  Kingswlnford, 
Dudley,  co.  Stafford).  Or,  two  bars  Tair  betw.  three 
escouheons  sa.  each  charged  with  a  millrind  erect  of  the 
first.  Out— A  hind  ppr.  hoWing  in  the  niouth  an  ear  of 
wheat  leaved  and  slipped  or,  resting  the  dexter  foreleg  on 
an  escocbeon  sa.  charged  with  a  millrind  as  in  the  arms. 
Motto — Ad  finem  fidelis. 

Kills  (granted  by  Molyneux,  Ulster,  1  Oct.  1600,  to  John 
Mills,  Sheriff  of  Dublin).  Gu.  on  a  bend  ar.  a  fer  de  moline 
betw.  two  roses  gu.  barbed,  vert,  seeded  or. 

Milne  (Calverley  House,  Leeds,  co.  York;  Samttel  Milnb 
Milne,  Esq.).  Ar.  a  millrind  gu.  within  an  orle  of  eight  mill- 
rinds  sa.  Crest — A  millrind  fessewise  sa.  thereon  a  lion 
ramp.  ar.  holding  betw.  the  paws  a  millrind  gu. 

If  llner*Gibson.    See  Gibson. 

Hilner-Gibson-CTilluin..    See  Cctllcii. 

Mitchell  (A  liberal  benefactor  to  Queen's  Coll.  Oxford. 
Amu  in  Upton  Scudamore  Church,  co.  Wilts,  the  patronage 
of  which  belongs  to  Queen's  Coll.).  Az.  three  leopards' 
faces  or,  a  chief  embattled  erui.  Jl/otJo—Penser  devant  de 
peur  de  repentir. 

Mitchell  (Westshore  and  Berry,  descended  from  the  family 
of  Bandeth,  co.  Stirling.  A  baronetcy  was  conferred,  in 
1724,  on  John  Mitchell,  of  Westshore,  in  Shetland,  and  is 
claimed  by  Jaues  William  Mitchell,  Esq.,  Kothesay 
Herald,  as  descended  from  his  youngest  son,  John  Chables 
Mitchell).  Sa.  a  fesse  betw.  three  mascles  or,  a  bordure 
chequy  of  the  second  and  first.  Crest — Three  ears  of  barley 
conjoined  in  the  stalk  ppr.     Motto — Sapiens  qui  assiduus. 

Mitchell  (Sir  Andbew  Mitchell,  KB.,  Admiral  of  the 
Blue  Squadron,  descended  of  Westshore,  d.  26  Feb.  1806). 
Sa.  a  fesse  ar.  in  chief  a  slip  of  oak  fructed  betw.  two 
mascles  and  in  base  an  anchor  erect  cable  or,  a  border 
chequy  of  the  field  and  of  the  last.  C)«8t— Issuing  from 
behind  three  ears  of  barley  ppr.  a  cubit  arm  vested  in  naval 
uniform  the  hand  grasping  a  broken  staff  from  which 
suspends  the  Batavianflag  depressed.  Supporters — Dexter, 
a  sailor  habited  ppr.  his  exterior  hand  supporting  a  flag  az. 
in  thedexterchief  point  amascleor;  sinister,  a  lion  reguard. 
or,  gorged  with  a  collar  sa.  thereon  two  mascles  or,  on  the 
head  a  naval  crown  az.    JV/of(o— lUis  honos  venit. 

Mitchell  (Audley,  Sidmouth,  co.  Devon;  as  borne  by 
Jaues  Williau  Mitchell,  Esq.,  Bothesay  Herald,  sometime 
Lieut,  in  H.M.  42nd  and  17th  regts.).  Sa.  a  fesse  invected, 
In  chief  an  annulet  betw.  two  mascles,  and  in  base  a 
mascle  betw.  two  annulets  all  or,  the  whole  within  a  border 
chequy  of  the  last  and  first,  and  on  an  escutcheon  of  pre- 
tence, ar.  on  a  chev.  nebuly  gu.  betw.  three  fountains 
as  many  eagles  rising  ppr.,  for  Sykes.  Crest — A  mascle  sa. 
interiacd  by  three  ears  of  barley  erect  slipped  and  leaved 
or.     Motto-  Sapiens  qui  assiduus. 

Moens  (Tweed,  Hants;  William  John  Charles  Moens, 
Esq.,  of  Tweed,  is  of  ancient  Dutch  descent,  the  surname 
derived  from  the  town  of  Mons,  in  Hainault.  Belonging  to 
one  of  the  seven  Patrician  families  of  Brussels,  Godfrey  van 
Mons  was  Echevin  of  that  city  in  1287.  See  Bi'.tkcn'n  Tro- 
phies de  Brabant,  Sup.,  Part  /.,  p.  41)7.  About  1474-€, 
William  de  Mons  ceded  his  Seigneurie  of  Chastres  to  his 
younger  brother,  Ian  von  Mons  Kidder,  and  for  political 
reasons  left  Brabant  and  settled  in  Holland,  where  he  was 
called  William  Moons,  or  Moeni.  Jacob  Bemelot  Moens, 
Esq.,  of  Rotfcrdam,  sprung  from  this  old  race,  established 
himself  in  England  during  Napoleon's  conquest  of  Holland, 
ana  was  father  of  the  present  possessor  of  Tweed).  Gu.  a 
chev.  or  betw.  three  trefoils  ar.  Crest — Two  eagle's  wings 
conjoined  ar. 

Mofirg'  (ReeA-Mooo,  Cholwell  House,  Somerset.  Kev.  John 
Bees  assumed  by  royal  licence  in  1805  the  additional  sur- 
name and  arms  of  Mogg,  in  pursuance  of  the  will  of  the 
maternal  grandfather  of  his  wife,  Mary,  only  child  and  heir 
of  William  Wooi-dridoe,  by  Mary,  his  wife,  dau.  of  John 
Mooo,  Esq.,  of  Cholwell  House  aforesaid).  Ann,  Crett,  and 
Motto  correctly  given  at  p.  692. 

Molison  (Errol  Park,  co.  Perth).  Or  two  cross  crosslets 
fltch^c  in  chief  and  in  base  the  attires  of  a  hart  fixed  to  the 
scalp  gu.  a  chief  chequy  of  the  second  and  first,  in  fees  point 
a  crescent  sa.  for  diff. 

Money-Coutta.    S't  Coutts. 

Monteflorc  (Goldsmid-Montehore,  Claud  Joseph  Got.n- 
■MIS  MoMTETioKE,  Ksq.,  of  Purtmau  Square,  and  of  Buliol 


College,  Oxford,  B.A.,  took  by  royal  licence,  1882,  the 
additional  name  and  arms  of  Goldsmid,  and  will  bear  tho.se 
arms  quarterly,  which  see). 

Monk  (LiNGARD  -  Monk,  Fulshaw,  co.  Chester,  1883). 
Quarterly:  l.st,  counter-quartered,  1st  and  4th,  ar.  a  pale 
gu.  over  all  a  chev.  engr.  betw.  three  lions'  heads  erased,  all 
counterchanged,  for  Monk  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  harry  of  six  or  and 
vair,  on  a  bendcottised  sa.  three  escallops  ar.,  for  Linoard; 
2nd,  sa.  a  quadrangular  castle  ar.  betw.  two  fliiunches  of 
the  second  each  charged  with  a  garb  of  the  field,  for  Bowson; 
3rd,  erm.  six  stags'  heads  cabossed  gu.  three,  two,  and  one, 
for  Bodghet;  4lh,  or,  three  chevronels  engr.  betw.  three 
plummets  az.,  for  Jennings.  Crests — Ist,  Monk  :  A  dragon 
passant  per  pale  gu.  and  ar.  wings  vairee  of  the  same  sup- 
porting with  its  dexter  claw  an  escutcheon  ar.  charged  with 
a  lion's  head  erased  gu. ;  Motto  over — Tout  d'en  haut.  2nd, 
LiNGABD :  A  wolTs  head  erased  sa.  charged  with  an  escallop 
and  holding  in  the  mouth  a  cross  crosslet  fitch^e  both  ar, ; 
Motto  over — Toujours  prcst. 

Moore  (represented  by  FouAMBr-).  Ar.  on  a  chev.  indented 
betw.  three  moor  cocki!  sa.  as  many  pallets  or,  each  charged 
with  a  fleur-de-lis  of  the  second. 

MorBra.n(HowABD-SPEAB  Morgan,  Esq.,  of  Tegfynydd,  Llan- 
falteg,  CO.  Carmarthen,  J. P.,  D.L.,  High  Sheriff,  1875).  Gu. 
on  a  pile  ar.  betw.  two  stags'  beads  couped  of  the  last,  a 
dexter  arm  in  armour  embowed  holding  in  the  band  a  tilting 
spear  all  ppr.  Crest — A  stag's  head  couped  ar.  collared  gu. 
holding  in  the  mouth  a  tilting  spear bendways  ppr.  Motto — 
Fortitudine  et  prudentia. 

Moriarty.    See  Ceompe. 

Morley  (granted  to  the  wife  of  Henry  Hiooins,  Esq.,  of 
Moreton  Jefferies,  J. P.).  Per  saltire  az.  and  gu.  two 
leopards'  faces  jessant-de-lis  in  pale,  and  as  many  anchors 
erect  in  fesse  or. 

Morris  (registered  to  Thomas  Henry  Morris,  Esq.,  of  the 
Lodge,  Halifax,  co.  York.,  J. P.,  Lieut.  2nd  West  York 
Yeomanry  Cavalry,  son  of  the  late  William  Morris,  Esq., 
of  the  Lodge,  J. P.  and  D.L.,  and  the  descendants  of  his 
father.)  Per  saltire  gu.  and  sa.  guttle  d'eau,  a  lion  passant 
arg.  betw.  four  scaling  ladders,  two  in  pale  and  two  in  fesse 
or.  Crest — An  heraldic  antelope  sejant  arg.  guttle  de  sang 
resting  the  dexter  foot  ou  a  scaling  ladder  or.  Motto- 
lies  non  verba  quxso. 

Mounsey  (Castletown,  Carlisle,  co.  Cumberland).  Chequy 
or  and  gu.  a  chief  of  the  first  thereon  betw.  two  estoiles  sa.  a 
pale  also  sa.  charged  with  a  mullet  gold.  Crest — A  derai 
grifHn  gu.  collared  and  chained  or  holding  in  the  dexter 
claw  a  flag  staff  in  bend  ppr.  therefrom  flowing  to  the  sinister 
a  pennon  az.  and  resting  the  sinister  claw  on  a  mullet  sa. 
Motto — Semper  paratus. 

Mountford  (Frederick  Batting  Mountford,  Esq.,  Regina 
Road,  Islington).  Az.  two  chevronels  betw.  as  many 
feathers  erect  in  chief,  and  a  fleur-de-lis  In  base  all  ar. 
Crest— in  front  of  two  feathers  sallirtwise  ar.  a  fleu  de-lis 
az.     3/o»o— Quod  Deus  vult  volo. 

Mount  Temple,  Baron.    See  Temple. 

Mowbray,  Baron.     See  Stodrton. 

Mowbray  (Mortimer,  co.  Berks,  and  Bishopwearmouth, 
CO.  Durham,  bart. ;  created  3  May,  1880).  Quarterly,  1st 
and  4th,  Mowbray  :  Gu.  a  lion  ramp.  erm.  two  flaunches  or, 
each  charged  with  three  billets  in  pale  az. ;  2nd  and  3rd, 
Cornish  :  Per  pale  az.  and  sa.  a  chev.  embattled  betw.  in 
chief  two  roses  and  in  base  a  cross  patteo  or.  Crests — 1st, 
Mowbbay:  An  oak  tree  or,  therefrom  pendent  an  escocheon 
gu.  charged  with  a  lion's  head  erased  ar. ;  2nd,  Cornish  : 
Betw.  two  branches  of  laurel  in  saltire  a  Cornish  chough 
rising  ppr.  charged  on  the  breast  with  a  cross-palt&j  or. 
Motloen—Suo  Stat  roboro  virtus,  for  Mowbray  ;  and  Deus 
pascit  corvos,  for  Cornish. 

Mulchinock  (Cloghers  House,  co.  Kerry;  granted  to 
Edward  Mulchinock,  Esq.,  J. P.,  son  of  Michael  Mulchi- 
nock, of  Trulce,  mercliant).  Quarterly,  or  and  az.  in  tlio 
1st  and  4th  quarters,  a  trefoil  slipped  vert  in  the  2nd  and 
3rd,  a  crescent  ar.  all  within  a  border  gu.  Crest — A  stag's 
head  erased  ppr.  charged  on  the  neck  with  a  trefoil  slipped 
or,  and  holding  in  the  mouth  an  olive  branch  vert.  Motto — 
Itur  ud  astra. 

MusgTOve  (exemplified  to.IoHN  Musobove  Musgrove,  Esq., 
of  Ksworth,  near  Hadleigh,  Suffolk,  on  his  asHumiticr  by 
royal  licence,  1882,  the  surname  and  arms  of  Mustfruvc,  in 


MUS 


SUPPLEMENT. 


OPP 


lieu  of  those  of  Norman,  in  compliance  with  the  testamentary 
injunction  of  Sir  John  Musprove,  bart.).  Ar.  two  bendleta 
en^r.  az.  betw.  three  lozenges,  one  and  two,  of  the  last  each 
charged  with  a  fleur-de-lis  or.  Cresl — A  derai  lion  ppr. 
gorged  with  a  collar  gemelle  sa.  and  holding  betw.  the  paws 
a  lozenge  az.  charged  with  a  cross -irosslet  or.  Motto— Uil 
desperandum. 
Uustard  <East  Lodjce,  CO.  Essex;  Daniel  Mustard,  Esq., 
of  East  Lodge,  Mistley).  Per  pale  gu.  and  or  three  escallops 
betw.  two  chevronels,  the  whole  betw.  two  crosses  pat^e 
counterchanged.  Crest — Issuant  from  a  chaplet  of  ohve  a 
dexter  hand  couped  at  the  wrist  ppr.  holding  a  passion 
cross  gu. 

N 

NATJNTON  (Alderton  and  Letheringham  Abbey,  Suffolk, 
of  great  antiquity  in  that  county.  "Some  avouch,"  says 
Fuller,  in  his  "  Worthies,"  "  that  this  family  came  here  be- 
fore, the  others  that  they  came  in  witii  the  Cimqueror." 
The  representative  temp..  Queen  Elizabeth  and  James  I., 
was  Sir  Robert  Naunton,  Kt.,  Principal  Secretary  of  State, 
and  afterwards  Master  of  the  Wards  and  Councillorof  Stale  ; 
author  of  "  Fragmenta  Kegalia,"  grandson  of  William 
Nacnton,  and  Elizabeth,  his  wife,  dau.  of  Sir  Anthony 
WiNGFiELD,  K.G.,  of  Letheringham.  On  his  monument  in 
old  Letheringham  Church  appeared  a  grand  escutcheon  of 
all  the  quarterings  of  Nadnton.  His  only  dau.,  Penelope, 
j)i.  Pacl,  Lord  Batnino.  Sir  Robert's  brother,  William 
Nadnton,  succeeded  to  Letheringham  Abbey,  and  had  a 
son  and  heir,  Robert  Nadnton,  Esq.,  of  Letheringham 
Abbey,  who  di.Mart,  dau.  and  co-heir  of  Abthcb  Coke, 
and  their  only  child,  Theophila,  wife  of  John  Leman,  Esq., 
of  Charsfleld,  was  great-grandmother  of  Theophila  Lemon, 
an  heiress,  who  m.  Thomas  Rede,  Esq.  and  had  issue; 
the  eldest  dau.,  Elizabeth,  m.  Rev.  Richard  Tdbner,  who 
d.  1835,  and  the  second,  Sarah  Leman,  »i.,  in  1787,  Kev. 
Samdel  Lovick  Cooper.  Of  the  former,  the  great-grandson 
is  Major  Alfred  Edward  Tdrner,  A.D.C.  to  H.  E.  the 
Lord  Lieutenant  of  Ireland.  He  is  entitled,  by  descent 
through  heiresses,  to  the  numerous  quarterings  of  the 
Nauntons).  .'^a.  three  martlets  arg.  Crest — A  basilisk  ppr. 
Mottoes — Ut  vidi,  ut  vici ;  Below,  Constant  et  vray. 

liedham  (Wymondley,  co.  Hertford;  in  1537,  King  Henry 
VI II.  granted  the  lordship  and  site  of  the  dissolved  priory  of 
Wymondley,  to  James  Nedham,  Clerk  and  Surveyor  of  the 
King's  Works  :  his  descendant,  George  Nedham,  Esq.,  of 
Wymondley  Priory,  6.  in  1672,  left  three  daus.  his  co-heirs, 
Susan,  d.  unm.;  Barbar.t,  m.  John  Sherwin,  Esq.;  and 
Martha,  m.  1733,  Thomas  Browne,  Esq.,  Norroy,  afterwards 
Garter  King  of  Arms).  Ar.  on  a  bend  enar.  az.  betw.  two 
bucks"  heads  cabossed  sa.  attired  or,  an  escallop  of  the  last. 
Crest — A  buck's  head  sa.  attired  gold,  rising  out  of  a  crown 
or  garland  pallisado  or. 

Ifeill  (Andrew  Charles  Brisbane  Neill,  Esq.,  22,  Ryder 
Street,  St.  James's,  Westminster).  Per  pale  nebulee  gu.  and 
az.  a  lion  ramp.  betw.  three  pheons  in  chief  and  a  serpent 
nowed  in  base  all  or.  Crest — Upon  a  mount  vert  the  em- 
battlements  of  a  tower  ppr.  surmounted  by  a  pheoa  or. 
Motto — Floresco  favenie  Deo. 

Newborougrh.  (Rarkley,  co.  Somerset ;  George  New- 
borough,  fem/>.  Jamesl.,  son  of  Roger  Newborough,  grand- 
son of  Thomas  Newboboogu,  and  great-grandson  of  John 
Newborow.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623).  Or,  three  bendlets  az. 
a  border  engr.  gu. 

New  Branswick,  Province  of.  See  Canada, 
Dominion  of. 

Ne-wcastle,  See  of.  Arms  on  the  Seal  of  the  Bishop 
of  Newcastle  impaling  WiLBERFORCE.  Per  fesse  az.  and  gu. 
in  chief  a  representation  of  the  cross  of  St.  Cutbbert  or, 
and  in  base  three  castles,  two  and  one,  ar. 

Ne'Wton  (Compton-Deverell.  and  Swell,  co.  Somerset ;  John 
Newton,  of  Compton,  temp.  James  I.,  son  of  Edward 
Newton,  of  Swell,  and  grandson  of  Thomas  Newton,  of 
same  place,  who  was  great-grandson  of  William  Newton 
and  Idonea  Montagu,  his  wife.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623). 
Ar.  a  lion  ramp.  sa.  charged  on  the  shoulder  with  a  cross 
pattee  of  the  field. 

ITorth  (Baron  Nortlt).  Az.  a  lion  passant  or,  between  three 
Beurs-de-lis  arg.  Crest — A  dragon's  head  erased  sa.  ducally 
gorged  and  chained  or.  Supporters — Two  dragon's  wings 
elevated  sa.  ducally  gorged  and  chained  or.  A/o((o— Aninio 
et  fide. 

Northampton,  Marquess  of.    See  Comptos. 


Norrls  (Splate,  co.  Somerset;  John  Norris,  temp.  Jumea  I., 
son  of  Hugh  Nobbis,  of  same  place.  Visit.  Somerset,  1623. 
Granted  by  Cooke,  Clarenceux,  1573).    Sa.  biUettee  ar.  a 

cross  flory  of  the  last. 

Northover  (Aller,  co.  Somerset :  James  Northovbb,  of 
Allei,  temp.  James  1.,  son  of  Thomas  Nobthoveb,  and 
grandson  of  John  Nobthoveb,  both  of  same  place.  Visit. 
Somerset,  1623.  Arms  granted  by  Camden,  Clarenceux, 
1614).  Or,  five  lozenges  in  saltire  betw.  four  crosses  crosslet 
az.     See  p.  739. 

Norton,  Baron.    See  Addeblkt. 

Norton  (Sir  Dddlet  Nobton^  Knt.,  Principal  Secretary  of 
State  for  Ireland,  tevip.  Charles  I.,  page  740).  The  correct 
blazon  of  the  arms  is  as  follows — .4r.  on  a  chev.  betw. 
three  crescents  az.,  a  crescent  of  the  field  for  diff. 

Norton  (Wainsford,  co.  Dublin;  Baggot  Street,  City  of 
Dublin,  and  co.  Wicklow.  Confirmed  1883  to  Captain  Cecil 
William  Nobton,  Cromwell  Boad,  South  Kensington,  co. 
Middlesex,  5th  Lancers,  son  of  Rev.  William  Norton, 
Rector  of  Baltinglass,  and  grandson  of  Tbeophilds  Nobton, 
Esq.,  of  Wainsford,  Capt.  Battle  Axe  Guards,  A.D.C.  to  the 
Marquess  Wellesley,  K.G.,  Lord  Lieutenant  of  Ireland,  who 
was  son  of  William  Norton,  Esq.,  of  Wainsford,  whose 
ancestors  settled  in  Ireland  during  the  Commonwealth,  and 
claimed  descent  from  Nobton,  of  Birlingham,  co.  Worcester). 
Per  pale  az.  and  gu.  a  maunch  erm.  on  a  chief  engr.  or,  a 
lion  pass.  sa.  Crest — A  tiger's  head  erased  or,  charged  with 
a  trefoil  vert  and  holding  in  the  mouth  a  broken  spear  ppr. 
Motto — Frangaa  non  flecte*. 

Nova  Scotia,  Province  of.  See  Canada,  Dominion  or. 


OAKHADI  (co.  Berks;  confirmed  to  Ricbabd  Oakbam,  of 

London,   "  descended  out  of  Berks."    Visit.  1633).     Gu.  a 
fesse  betw.  three  crescents  ar. 

Oates  (Leeds,  co.  York,  descended  from  William  Oates, 
of  Nether  Denby,  co.  York,  temp.  Queen  Elizabeth,  whose 
family  had  possessed  landed  estate  in  that  locality  from  a 
remote  period.  His  grandson  settled  at  Leeds  towards  the 
close  of  the  I7th  century.  The  head  of  the  family,  Joseph 
Henbt  Oates,  of  Carr  House,  Meanwood,  dying  in  1868, 
that  property  was  sold,  and  the  local  representation  devolved 
on  Mrs.  Scsan  Oates,  of  Meanwoodside,  Leeds  (only  sur- 
viving daughter  and  heiress  of  EdwabdGbace,  of  St.  Anne's, 
Burley,  Leeds,  J. P.),  and  her  surviving  sons  by  the  late 
Edwabo  Oates,  of  Meanwoodside,  younger  brother  of 
Joseph  Henry  aforesaid.  The  present  William  Henbt 
Coape  Oatbs,  of  Langford  Hall,  Newark,  late  97th  Regt., 
High  Sheriff  of  Notts,  1880,  comes  vf  the  same  family, 
whence  also  sprang  the  late  Fbedebice  William  Oates,  of 
Barlings,  Lincoln,  J. P.,  and  the  late  Peninsular  veteran, 
James  Poole  Oates,  K.H.,  Lieut.  Col.  88th  Regt.,  Con- 
naught  Rangers).  Ar.  two  bendlets  engr.  az.  in  cTiief  a  cock 
gu.  a  canton  erm.  Crest — A  cubit  arm  in  armour  ppr. 
charged  with  two  bendlets  engr.  az.  the  hand  grasping  a 
dirk,  the  point  upwards,  also  ppr.  pommel  and  hilt  or. 
Motto — Persevere,  changed  by  some  of  the  family  for  Esse 
quam  videri  and  sua  dextra  cuique. 

O'Cuillean  (Carbery,  co.  Cork;  an  ancient  Irish  sept, 
descended  from  Coilean  an  catba,  who  was  of  the  same 
stock  as  the  sept  of  O'Uonovan).  Ar.  two  lions  ramp,  com- 
batant ppr.  armed  and  langued  gu.  Crest — A  pelican 
Tulning  herself  ppr. 

Oge  (Hampton  House,  Brentwood,  co.  Essex;  Sir  William 
Anderson  Ogo,  Knt.,  of  Hampton  House,  Sheriff  of  London 
and  Middlesex  1881-2,  son  of  Robert  Ooq,  of  Arbroath. 
North  Britain).  Az.  a  saltire  betw.  two  towers  triple 
towered,  one  in  chief  and  the  other  in  base,  and  as  many 
stags'  beads  couped  in  fesse  all  or.  Crest — Within  two  amis 
couped  at  the  shoulders  erect  and  embowed  vested  az.  cuffed 
or,  holding  betw.  the  hands  a  thistle  ppr.  a  wreath  of 
oakleaves  vert.     Motto — Fugiendo  vincimus. 

Ogril'vy-Dalg'leish.    See  Dalgleisu. 

Omond  (Carness,  Orkney).  Per  fesse  ar.  and  az  a  two- 
masted  ship  or,  sails  furled,  masts  and  rigging  ppr.  Crest — 
A  dexter  arm  erect,  the  hand  holding  a  spear  in  bend 
sinister  ppr.     Motto — A  vise  le  temps. 

Ontario,  Pro'Vince  of.    See  Canada,  Dominion  of. 

Oppenh.eimer  (Charles  Oppenheimeb,  H.B.M.  Consul  at 

Frankfort-on-Mainr).     Quarterly  gu.  and  ar.  a  cross  invected 


OBD 


SUPPLEMENT. 


PEC 


betw.  a  lion  ramp,  reguardant  supponing  a  flag  staff  there- 
from flowing  to  the  dexter  a  banner  ia  the  first  and  fourth 
quarters  and  an  anchor  erect  in  the  second  and  third  all  or. 
Crest— Two  branches  of  oak  in  saltire  vert  fructed  or,  in 
front  of  a  flag  staff  in  bend  ppr.  therefrom  flowing  a  banner 
?u.  surmounting  a  trident  in  bend  sinister  also  ppr. 

Orde  (Campbell-Obdb  ;  Sir  John  William  Powlett  Om>e, 
3rd  ban.,  of  Morpeth,  assumed  by  royal  licence  1880,  the 
additional  surname  of  Campbell).  Quarterly,  Ist  andl  4thv 
sa.  three  salmons  haurient  per  pale  ar.  and  or,  forOBDE; 
2nd  and  3rd,  gyronny  of  eight  or  and  sa.  a  bordure  componee 
erm.  and  vert,  in  the  centre  a  crescent  of  the  last  for 
difference,  for  Campbell.  C>-e$ts — 1st,  Orde,  an  elk's  head 
erased  or,  gorged  with  a  collar  invected  sa.  ;  2nd,  Camp- 
bell, a  dexter  hand  ppr.  holding  a  spur  or,  strap  also  ppr. 
Mounts — Over  Okde  Creit,  Mitis  et  fortis,  o.ver  Campbell 
Crest,  Forget  not. 

Omxe.     See  Gabnett-Obme. 

O'Shee  (Sheestown  and  Gardcnmorris,  grantied  to  Odoneus 
O'Shee,  1381,  confirmed  to  Sir  Richard  Shee,  by  Clarenceux, 
1582,  and  by  Ulster,  1795,  to  John  O'Shee,  of  Sheestown  and 
Gardcnmorris.    Anns,  <i:c. — See  page  764. 

Osmand  (William  Henry  Seville  Osmaniv,  Esq.,  The  Syca- 
mores, Stawell,  in  the  Colony  of  Victoria).  Az.  three 
cross  crosslets  in  fesse  within  two  barrulels  dancette,  the 
whole  betw.  two  eagles  displ.  all  ar.  Crest — An  eagle  ar. 
supporting  with  the  dexter  leg  a  flag  staff  ppr.  th/erefrom 
flowing  to  the  sinister  a  banner  of  the  arms^  Motto —  Fidem 
servare. 

Over  Darwen,  Boroug'lL  of  (co.  Lancaster).  Or,  a 
fesse  wavy  with  cottises  also  wavy  az.  betw.  three  sprigs  of 
the  cotton  tree  slipped  and  fructed  ppr.  Crest — In  front  of 
a  denii  miner  habited  ppr.  hotding  over  his  shoulder  a  pick 
or,  a  shuttle  fessewise  gold  thread  pendent  ppr.  Motto — 
Absque  labore  nihil. 

Owen  (Glansevem,  ro.  Montgomery;  exemplifled  to  AsTHnB 
Charles  Homphreys-Owen,  Esq.,  of  Glansevem,  M.A., 
J. P.  and  D.L.,  eldest  son  of  Erskine  Humphreys,  Esq., 
harrister-at-Law,  by  Eliza,  his.  wife,  dau.  of  Edward 
JoHNES,  Esq.,  of  Garthmyl,  upon  his  takir»g  by  royal  licence 
the  additional  surname  and  arms^of  Owen  in  1876,  under  a 
settlement  made  by  Mrs.  Owen,  of  Glansevem,  widow 
of  his  maternal  great-grand-uncle).  Sa.  a  tilting  spear 
erect  or,  the  head  ppr.  imhrued  gu.  betw.  three  scaling 
ladders  ar.  on  a  chief  erm.  a  fort  triple-towered  also  ppr. 
Crfit—A.  wolf  salient  ppr.  supporting  a  scaling  ladder  as  in 
the  arms    A/o»oes— Torav  cyn  plygav  and  Flecti  non,  frangi. 

Owen  (Peteb  Owen,  Esq.,  The  Elms,  Eastham,  Chjester). 
Per  chev.  engr.  ar.  and  gu.  in  chief  two  fleur-de-lis  of  the 
last,  and  in  base  a  lion  vert  of  the  first.  Crest — A  demi 
wyvern  ar.  semee  de  lis  ga.  supporting  with  the  dexter  claw 
an  escocheon  of  the  last  charged  with  a  crescent  also.  ar. 
Motto — Deo  duce  comite  induslria. 

Owens  Collegre  (Manchester ;  granted  H  Oct.  1871).  Ar. 
a  serpent  nowed  vert  on  a  chief  ntbult-e  az.  a  sun  issuant  or. 
Cr'^st — Betw.  two  branches  of  laurel  a  palm  tree  ppr. 
suspended  in  front  thereof  by  a  riband  az.  a  shield  ar. 
thareon  a  lion  ramp.  gu.  and  a  chief  of  the  last  cliarKed 
with  three  bendletaor.    MoHo — Arduus  ad  solem. 


PAGE  (Clifton,  CO.  Gloucester,,  and,  Ifcidley,  co.  Middle- 
sex). Gu.  on  a  chev.  cottiscd  or,  betw.  martlets  of  the  last 
two  arrows  chevronwise  points  upwards  ppr.  Cmt — A  dcmi 
Catherine  wheel  or,  thereon  a  dove  ppr.  goiged  with  a  collar 
geniel  and  holding  in  the  beak  an  olive  branch  leaved  and 
slipped  also  or.     AIoUo— Seet  peace  and  ensure  it. 

Palgrrave  (Bryn-y-gynog,  co.  Denbigh;  Thomas  Pal- 
riRAve,  Esq.,  J. P.,  eldest  surviving  son  of  William  Pal- 
ORAVK,  Collector  of  Revenue  and  Customs  at  Yarmouth  and 
Dulilin,  who  was,  according  to  the  pedigree  of  his  family 
recorded  in  the  College  of  Anns,  sixth  in  descent  from 
William  PALfiRAHE,  of  Kulham,  St.  Mary  Magdalen,  co. 
Korfolk, whose  elder  brother,  Thomas  Palobave,  d.  6  March, 
1638,  and  to  whose  memory  a  monument  still  exists  with  the 
arms  of  the  family  of  Pali;bave,  viz.,  "  A  lion  ramp,  and  a 
crescent  for  diff.").  Az.  a  lion  ramp,  guard,  betw.  two 
crescents  in  fesse  ar.  Crent — In  front  of  a  leopard's  head 
affrontce  erased  ar.  gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  az.  a  cre.Hcenl 
also  az.     M'ltlo — Pro  rogc  et  patriA. 

Palk  (Rni-oit  Halrinn).  Ra.  an  eagle  displ.  ar.  beaked  and 
membered  or  within,  a  bordure  engr.  of  the  second.     Sv.p- 


porters—Oa  either  side  an  Indian  ppr.  his  waist  cloth  and 
turban  ar.  Crett  —  On  a  semi-terrestrial  globe  of  the 
northern  hemisphere  ppr.  an  eagle  rising  ar.  beaked  and 
membered  or.     Motto — Ducente  Deo. 

Palmer  (Chables  Mark  Palmer,  Esq.,  of  GrinWe  Fjirk,  co. 
York,  M.P.)  Sa.  on  a  chev.  betw.  thre*  crescents  in  chiel 
and  a  lion  pass,  in  base  ar.  two  lilting  spears  chevronwise 
ppr.  Crest — In  front  of  a  tilling  speap  e»ect  ppr.  a  wyverD 
or  resting  the  dexter  foot  on  a  crescent  ar.  Motto — Par  sit 
fortuna  labori. 

Parker  (Cuerden).    Sec  TawNELEY-PABKEB. 

Parker  (Castle  Lough,  co.  Tipperary  ;  confirmed  to  Anthont 
Parker,  Esq.,  of  Castle  Lough,  High  Sheriff  co.  Tipperary^ 
1876,  eMest  son  of  Rev.  Standish  Grady  Parker,  of  Castle 
Lough,  and  to  the  descendants  of  his  grandfather,  Anthoni 
Parker,  Esq.,  of  Castle  Lough,  High  Sheriff  co.  Limerick, 
1761,  and  of  co.  Tipperary,  17G8).  Sa.  a  stag's  head  cabossed 
belw.  two  flaunches  ar.  in  the  centre  chief  point  a  mullet  or. 
Crtst — A  stag  salient  ppr.  charged  on  the  shoulder  with  a 
mullet  as  in  the  arms.     Mottot — Fideli  certa  merces. 

Parker  (Fair  Oak,  Whitewell,  Clitheroe,  co.  Lancaster; 
exemplified  to  Henry  Chdte  Little,  Esq.,  of  Bowland,  in 
same  co.,  upon  his  assuming  by  royal  licence  the  surname 
ofPABKEBin  lieu  of  Little).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  vert 
on  a  chev.  invected  betw.  three  stags'  heads  caboshed  or  as 
many  stumps  of  oak  trees  eradicated  and  sprouting  ppr. ; 
2nd  and  3rd,  sa.  a  saltire  vair  betw.  four  escocheons  ar. 
Greats— 1st,  a  staig  ppr.  gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  vert 
resting  the  de^xter  forefoot  on  a  stump  of  a  tree,  as  in  the 
anns;  2nd,  a  leopard's  head  erased  sa.  gorged  with  a  collar 
vair,  pendent  therefrom  an  escocheon  ar.  charged  with  a 
crescent  also  sa.     Motto — Non  fluctu  non  flatu  movetur. 

Parker  (Moorehouse  Hill,  co.  Cumberland;  exemplified  to 
Isaac  Field,  Esq.,  of  Moorehouse  Hill,  upon  his  assuming 
by  royal  licence,  dated  11  June,  1790,  the  surname  of 
Pabkeb  only,  in.  compliance  with  the  will  of  his  maternal 
great-uncle  William  Parker,  Esq.,  of  Moorehouse  Hill). 
Vert  two  bars  erm.  betw.  three  stags"  heads  erased  or. 
Crest — X  mount  vert  thereon  a  stag  reguard.  ppr.  collar  and 
line  therefrom  reflexed  over  thi;  back  or,  its  dexter  forefoot 
resting  on  a  shield  erect  az.  charged  with  a  garb  gold. 
3io((o— Medio. tutissimus  ibis. 

Pajnall  (The  Cottage,  Llanstephan^  co.  Carmarthen;  High 
Sheriff  1877;.  Ar.  three  escallops,  in  chev.  within  two 
chevronels  betw.  two  griffins'  heads  erased  in  chief  tnd 
as  many  wings  joined  in  lure  in  base,  all  gu.  Crest — A 
griffin's  head  betw.  two  wings  gvL  each  wing  charged  with 
an  escallop,  and  in  the  mouth  anothen  escallop  ar.  Motto^- 
Spero  in  Deo. 

Parnell  (Thomas-Parnell  Pabnell,  Esq.,  of  Sheephouse, 
CO.  Somerset,  Barrisler-at-law).  Gu.  two  cheveronels  an 
estoile  betw.  two  escallops  in  chief  and  a  griffin  pass,  in 
ba.se  ar.  CreU — A  griffin  pass.  ar.  wings  elevated  gu.  in 
the  beak  an  estoile,  and  holding  in  the  dexter  forepaw  an 
escallop  both  also  gu.     Mot:o — Est  modus  in  rebus. 

Paul  (William.  Bond.  Padl,  Esq.,  of  Wearne  Wyche,  High 
Ham.  Soiiierset,  banker).  Erm.  a  chev.  az.  surmounted 
by  anotlicr  or,  thereon  three  hiu'ts  on  a  chief  sa.  as  many 
cross  crosslets  of  the  third.  Crest — .\  demi  griGBn 
reguard.  or,  gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  and  holding  betw. 
the  claws  a  cross  crosslet  az.  the  winns  addorsed  of  the 
last,  seiiice  of  cross  crosslets  also  or.  Jl/offo-^Per  crucein 
ccelum. 

Payne  (Hutton,  co.  Somerset).   Gu.  three  cross  crosslets  or. 

Peacock  (Willesden,  co>  Middlesex).  As.  on  a  chev.  az. 
bi'tw.  two. cockatrices  in  chief  of  the  last,  and  a  peacock  in 
his  pride  in  base  ppr.  two  annulets  conjoined  palewise  of 
the  first.  Creft — A  cockatrice  az.  charged  with  two  annulets, 
as  in  the  arms,  resting  tho  dexter  leg  on  an  escocheon  ar. 
charged  with  a  peacock  in  his  pride  ppr 

Pease  (Hutton  Low  Cross,  and  Pinchinthorpe,  co.  York, 
hart. ;  created  18  May,  1882).  Per  fesse  az.  and  gu.  a  fesse 
ncbuly  erm.  betw.  two  Iambs  pass,  in  chief  ar.  anil  in  base 
upon  a  mount  ppr.  a  dove  rising  of  the  fourth,  holding  in 
the  beak  a  pea-stalk  the  blossom  and  pods  also  ppr.  Crest — 
Upon  the  capital  of  an  Ionic  column  a  dove  rising,  holding 
in  the  beak  a  pea-stalk  as  in  the  arms  all  ppr.  Motto — 
Pax  et  spes. 

Peckover  (Ai.fJKBnoN  Peckover,  Esq.,  of  Sibald's  Holme, 
Wisbech,  co.  Cambridge;  descended  from  Edmund  Peckover, 
of  Charlton,  co.  Nonhampton,  Ir.uiji.  Oliver  Cromwell).     Per 


PEM 


SUPPLEMENT. 


PON 


j>a1e  en.  and  sa.  a  garb  or,  on  a  chief  nebulee  of  the  last, 
three  lions  Tamp.  az.  Cre^t — A  lion  ramp.  az.  holding  in 
the  dexter  forepaw  a  sprig  of  oak  leaved  fructed  and  slipped 
ppr.  and  resting  the  sinister  forepaw  on  an  escutcheon 
charged  with  the  arms.    Motto — In  Christo  speravi. 

Pember  ^Lyonshall  and  Tuthill,  co.  Hereford ;  as  recorded 
visit.  Coll.  Arms,  16»3.  to  Francis  Pember,  Esq.,  of  New- 
port House,  in  the  parish  of  Almeley,  High  Sheriff  in  16.50). 
Arg.  three  pheasants  ppr.  a  chief  az.  Crest— On  a  mount 
vert  a  pheasant  feeding  on  a  stalk  of  wheat  ppr. 

Pender  (Middleton  Hall,  co.  Linlithgow,  and  Footscray, 
Bexley,  Kent,  as  borne  by  .John  Pender,  Esq.,  M.P.  for 
Wick,  J. P.  and  D.L.).  Gu.  on  a  bend  ar.  two  lions'  heads 
erased  of  the  first.  Crest — A  demi  lion  or,  holding  a  sabre 
ppr.     Motto — Persevero. 

Perrins  (James  Dyson  Perrins,  Esq.,  F.K.A.S.,  of  Daven- 
ham  Bank,  Malvern,  co.  Worcester,  J. P.).  Gu.  three  piles, 
two  in  chief  and  one  in  base  or,  each  charged  with  a  pome- 
eranate  seeded  and  slipped  ppr.  on  a  chief  erm.  three 
leopards'  faces  of  the  first.  Crest — A  demi  talbot  ar.  gorged 
with  a  collar  nebulfe  and  charged  on  the  shouhler  with  two 
annulets  interlaced  fesswise  gu.  holding  between  the  paws 
a  pomegranate  as  in  the  arms.  Motto^Perenne  sub  sole 
nihil. 

Petit  des  Etans  (Huguenot  family  from  the  neighbour- 
hood of  Caen;  the  refugee  Louis  Petit,  Brigadier-General 
and  Governor  of  St.  Phillips  Castle,  in  Minorca,  d.  in  1720; 
the  last  male  representative  was  Rev.  John  Louis  Petit, 
A.M.,  F.S.A.,  who  d.  1868.  He  had  seven  sisters  and  co- 
heiresses, 1  Harriet  Laetitia,  m.  Thomas  Salt,  Esq.,  of 
Weeping  Cross,  Staffordshire;  2  Mary  Ann,  m.  Henry  Chet- 
wynd,  Esq.,  of  Brocton  Lodge  ;  3  Emma  Gentille;  4  Eliza- 
beth, 111.  David  Haig,  Esq.,  of  Lochrin ;  5  Louisa,  d.  unm. ; 
6  Susanna;  and  7  Maria  Katherine,  m.  Kev.  William 
Edward  Jelf,  D.D.,  Vicar  of  Carleton,  Yorkshire).  Gu.  a 
dexter  hand  issuing  from  a  cloud  in  sinister,  holding  a 
Roman  fasces,  axe  to  the  sinister  all  ppr.  in  chief  two 
mullets. 

Pettit  (Leighton  Buzzard,  co.  Bedford;  Ei>wari>  Pettit, 
Esq.).  Per  fesse  erm.  and  sa.an  eagle  displ.  with  two  heads 
counterchanged  in  chief  three  martlets  of  the  second.  Crtst 
— A  demi  eagle  displ.  with  two  heads  erm.  gorged  with  a 
crown  vallery  or,  in  each  beak  a  cross  botoimee  fitchee  sa. 

Phillpps  (Picton  Castle,  co.  Pembroke  ;  exemplified  to 
Charles  Edward  Gregg  Fisher,  Esq.,  eldest  sonof  Ebward 
Fisher,  Esq.,  of  Spring  Dale,  co.  York,  upon  his  assuming 
by  royal  licence,  dated  29  July,  1876,  tlie  gurnaine  of 
I'Hiupps,  in  lieu  of  that  of  Fisher,  in  compliance  with  the 
testamentary  injunction  of  his  father-in-law,  Rev.  James 
Henrt  Alexander  Philipps,  M.A.,  of  Picton  Castle). 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  ar.  a  lion  ramp.  sa.  gorged  with  a 
ducal  coronet,  and  therefrom  a  chain  reflected  over  the 
back  or,  and  for  distinction  in  the  centre  chief  point  a  cross 
crosslet  of  the  second,  for  Philipps;  2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  on  a 
chev.  gu.  three  trefoils  slipped  of  the  field  in  chief  as  many 
fleurs-de-lis  of  the  second,  for  Fisher.  Crests — 1st,  Philipps: 
A  lion  ramp,  gorged  and  chained  as  in  the  arris  charged  on 
the  shoulder  for  distinction  with  a  cross  crosslet  or;  2nd, 
Fisher:  in  front  (  f  a  bulrush  erect  a  kingfisher  ppr.  resting 
the  dexter  claw  on  a  fleur-de-lis  or.  Mottoes — Ducit  amor 
patrise;  Virtute  et  fide. 

Phillimore  (The  Coppice,  Shiplake,  co.  Oxford,  Bart.; 
created  21  Dec.  1881).  Sa.  three  bars  indented  erminois  in 
chief  an  anchor  betw.  two  cinquefoils  or.  Crest — In  front  of 
a  tower  ar.  thereon  a  falcon  volant  ppr.  holding  in  the  beak 
a  lure  gold  three  cinquefoils  fessewise  or.  Motto — Fortem 
posce  animum. 

Phillipps  (Landue,  co.  Cornwall ;  exemplified  to  Thomas 
Winsloe,  Esq.,  upon  his  assuming,  by  royal  licence,  dated 
8  Xov.  1798,  the  surname  and  arms  of  Phillipps).  Oi,  a 
lion  ramp.  sa.  collared  and  chain  reflexed  over  the  back  of 
the  first  and  holding  betw.  the  paws  an  escutcheon  gu. 
charged  with  a  stag's  head  eraseu  ar.  Cresl — .\  lion  pass, 
tail  extended  sa.  resting  the  dexter  forepaw  on  an  escutcheon 
ar.  charged  with  a  chev.  also  sa.     Motto — Ce  m'est  egal. 

Phillips-Treby.    See  Trebt,  of  Goodamoor. 

Pidcock  (originally  of  co.  Derby,  afterwards  of  cos.  SCaffcrd 
and  Worcester).  Per  pale  sa.  and  gu.  a  pied  cock  per  fesse 
or  and  a  .  betw.  three  acorns  of  the  third.  Crest  —  A  bar 
shot  ppr.  thereon  a  griffin  segreant  sa.  holding  within  its 
claws  a  grenade  fired  also  ppr.  .WvtJO— SeiRBetir,  je  te  prie 
garde  ma  vie. 


Pilfold  (Waraham,  Newtimber,  and  Horsham,  co.  Sosser; 
granted  to  James  Pilfold,  of  Newtimber,  and  John  Pilfolb, 
of  Horsham,  Capt.  Royal  Navy,  sons  of  Charles  Pilfold, 
of  EfiBngham,  and  to  their  descendants,  and  to  their  sisters, 
Elizabeth,  wife  of  Timothi  Shelley,  Esq.,  son  and  heir 
apparent  of  Sir  Bysshe  Shelley,  Bart. ;  Charlotte,  wife  of 
Thomas  Grove,  of  Fern,  co.  Wilts ;  and  Bathia,  wife  of 
Rev.  Gilbert  Jackson,  D.D.,  Rector  of  Upper Donhead,  co. 
Wilts;  and  also  to  be  borne  by  Mary,  wife  of  Thomas 
Charles  Medwin,  of  Horsham,  and  Katherine  Pilfold, 
daus.  and  co-heirs  of  John  Pilfold,  of  Horsham,  eldest 
brother  of  said  Charles  Pilfold,  of  Effingham,  which  said 
John  Pilfold,  of  Horsham,  and  Charles  Pilfold,  of  Effing- 
ham, were  sons  of  John  Pilfold,  baptized  at  Warnham,  26 
Aug.  1680,  who  was  6th  in  descent  from  Richard  Pilfold,  of 
Warnham,  who  d.  10  July,  1580).  Az.  a  lion  ramp,  or, 
holding  between  the  paws  a  sword  erect  ppr.  pommel  and 
hilt  gold,  two  flanches  of  the  second,  each  charged  with  an 
anchor  erect  sa.  Crest — A  sea  horse  erect  per  fesse  sa.  and 
or,  supporting  a  trident,  also  sa.  Motto — Audaces  fortuna 
juvat. 

Pilfold  (John  Pilfold,  of  Horsham,  co.  Sussex,  Capt.  Royal 
Navy;  grant  to  him  and  his  descendants  of  Honourable 
Augmentation,  1808).  Same  ^rms  as  the  foregoing,  a  canton 
of  Honourable  Augmentation,  gu.  thereon  pendent  by  a 
ribbon  ar.  fimbriated  az.  from  a  naval  crown  a  representa- 
tion of  the  medal  given  to  the  said  John  Pilfold,  for  hi» 
gallant  service  in  the  battle  off  Cape  Trafalgar,  21  Oct.  1805, 
or.  Crest  same  as  preceding,  gorged  with  a  naval  crown, 
and  pendent  therefrom  a  medal  as  in  the  arms.  Mott» — 
Audaces  fortuna  juvat. 

Pinckney  (Middlesex  House,  Batheaston,  co.  Somerset,  and 
Tawstock  Court,  Barnstaple,  co.  Devon).  Or,  five  fusils  con- 
joined in  fesse  gu.  each  charged  with  an  erm.  spot  of  the  field 
on  a  chief  nebulee  of  the  second  three  griffins'  heads  erased 
of  the  first.  Crest— hehiod  three  fusils  or,  a  griffin's  head 
erased  gn.  collared  gold.     Motto — Deus  nobis. 

Pinney  (Pretor-Pinney,  Somerton,  Curry  Rivel,  and 
Burton  Pynsent,  all  co.  Somerset).  Quarterly,  1st  and 
4th,  gu.  three  crescents  or,  issuing  from  each  a  crosi 
crosslet  fitchee  ar.,  for  Pinney  :  2nd  and  3rd,  or,  an  eagle 
displ.  with  two  heads  vert,  grasping  in  the  claws  a  fasces 
in  base  fessewise  ppr.  in  each  beak  a  trefoil  slipped  of 
the  second,  for  Pretob.  Crests — 1st,  Pinsey:  An  anned 
hand  and  arm  ppr.  holding  a  cross  crosslet  fitchee  ar. :  2nd, 
Pretor :  A  demi  eagle  or,  wings  endorsed  sa.  semee  of 
trefoils  slipped  gold,  in  the  beak  a  like  trefoil  vert.  Mott» 
— Amor  patria. 

Pinney  (Pretor-Pinney;  Frederick  Wake  Pretor-Pikney, 
Esq.,  the  Grange,  Somerton,  co.  Somerset).  Same  A-nsnt,  &c. 

Pinney  (Pbetor-Pinney;  Rev.  John  Charles  Pbetob 
PixsEY,  Vicar  of  Coleshill,  co.  Warwick).    Same  Arms,  &c. 

Pitt-Rivers  (Rushmore,  Salisbury,  co.  Wilts  ;  exemplified 
to  Lieut. -Gen.  Adgcstds  Henry  Lahr  Fo,x-Pi.tt-Rivebs, 
F.R.S.,  late  Vice-President  of  the  Society  of  Antiquaries,. 
President  of  the  Anthropological  Institute  of  Great  Britain 
and  Ireland,  and  Inspector  of  Ancient  Monnraents  in  Great 
Britain,  eldest  surviving  son  of  William  Pitt  Lane  Fox, 
Esq..  Gren.  Gds.,  and  grandsoQ  of  James  Lane  F"ox,  Esq., 
of  Braraham  Park,  co.  York,  by  Hon.  Maroia-  Lucy  Pitt, 
his  wife,  dau.  of  George,  \st  lord  Hirers,  upon  his  assuming, 
by  royal  licence,  25  May,  1880,  the  surname  of  Pitt-Ru-ers, 
in  compliance  with  the  testamentary  injunction  of  his  great- 
uncle,  George,  2nd  Lovd  Rivera.  By  the  aforesaid  royal 
licence  the  children  of  Lieut. -Gen.  Fox-Pitt-Rivers  assume 
the  surname  of  Pltt,  not  Pitt-Rivers.  Quarterly,  1st  and 
4th,  sa.  a  fesse  chequy  ar.  and  az.  betw.  three  bezants, 
for  Pitt;  2nd  and  3fd,  ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  foxes"  heads 
erased  gu.,  for  Fox.  Crests — 1st,  Pitt:  A  stork  ppr.  ;  2nd, 
Fox  :  On  a  five  leaved  ducal  coronet  or,  a  fox  pass.  ppr. 
Motto — .ffiquam  servar*  mentem. 

Piatt  (Bamby  Manor,  Notts,  and  Upper  Breinton,  co. 
Hereford.  Sa.  platce,  a  fret  couped  or,  betw.  four  roses 
aj!g.  seeded  and  barbed  ppr.  Crest — In  front  of  a  demi  lion 
ramp.  ppr.  semife  of  plates,  holding  betw.  the  paws  a  rose 
arg.  an  escallop  or. 

Pontifex  (Bath  ;  Edmund  PosriFES-,  Esq.,  of  Bath, 
descended  from  a  family  long  seated  in  co.  Buckingham, 
and  his  descendants,  and  the  other  descendants  of  his  father, 
William  Pontifex,  Esq.,  of  Cheshunt,  co.  Hertford,  and( 
of  London).  Az.  in  base  barry  wavy  of  four  ar.  and  of  the 
field,  a  bridge  of  three  arches  embattled  ppr.  a  chief  of  the 
second,  thereon  two  pallets  hetw.  as  many  muUets  of  the 


POO 


SUPPLEMENT. 


BED 


fletd.  Crut—A  tower  ppr.  charged  with  a  cross  moline 
az.  and  tunnounted  by  a  rainbow  also  ppr.  Motto — In  hoc 
■igao  Tinces. 
Pooll  (Hbnbt-Batten-Pooll,  Timsbury  and  Road  Manor, 
Somerset.  Kobebt  Fooll  Henbt  Battbn-Fooll,  Esq.,  J. P., 
only  son  of  Joseph  Langfobd,  Esq.,  ofTimsbury,  by  Anne 
Pooll,  his  wife,  dau.  of  William  Bkitton,  Esq.,  of  Corston, 
same  co.,  assumed,  by  royal  licence  1871,  the  surnames  of 
Henbt-Batten-Pooll  in  lieu  of  patronymic).  Ar.  a  lion 
ramp,  az.,  armed  and  langued  g\i.,  charged  on  the  shoulder 
with  a  battle-axe  ppr.  betw.  in  fess  two  fountains  and  in  pale 
as  many  fleurs-de-lis  of  the  second.  Crest— In  front  of  a 
griffin's  head  erased  erm.,  beaked  and  tongued  gu.,  and 
charged  on  the  neck  with  a  fountain,  a  battle-axe  fesswise 
ppr.      Motto — Confide  recte  agens. 

Popple\7ell  (quartered  by  C.  E.  G.  Boldebo  Babnabd, 
Esq.,  of  Cave  Castle,  co.  York;.  Per  bend  az.  and  sa. 
on  a  bend  betw.  two  creecenta  ar.  an  eagle  displ.  of  the 
second. 

Porter  (Henbt  Pobteb,  Esq.,  Birlinghara,  co.  Worcester). 
Quarterly  Ul  and  4th,  per  fesse  nebulee  sa.  and  erm.  a 
pale  counterchanged  and  three  bells  ar.,  for  Pobteb;  2nd 
and  3rd,  or,  on  a  fesse  dancettee  gu.  betw.  two  escallops  sa. 
a  ducal  coronet  of  the  first  betw.  two  roses  ar.  barbed  and 
seeded  ppr.,  for  Taylob.  Greets — 1st,  Pobteb  :  Upon  a 
mount  vert  in  front  of  a  portcullis  with  chains  or,  a  tilting 
spear  fessewise  ppr.;  2nd,  Tatlob:  A  demi  lion  sa.  gorged 
with  a  collar  pendent  therefrom  an  escocheon  or  charged 
with  two  escallops  palewise  sa.  and  holding  betw.  the  paws 
a  ducal  coronet  or.     Motto — Quod  vult,  valde  vult. 

Powell  (Geobge  Powell,  Esq.,  of  Bock  Dale,  Kent).  Per 
fesse  nebulde  or  and  gu.  a  lion  Vamp.  betw.  three  escocheons 
each  charged  with  a  sparrow-hawk  close,  all  counterchanged. 
Crest — Two  arrows  in  saltire  ppr.  thereon  a  sparrow. hawk 
close  ar.  holding  in  the  beak  a  sprig  of  oak  slipped  and 
fructed  vert. 

Powlea  (John  Diston  Powles,  Esq.,  of  London).  Per  pale 
ar.  and  az.  on  a  chev.  erm.  betw.  three  crosses  potent 
counterchanged  as  many  maacles  of  the  second.  Crest — -On 
a  mount  vert  in  front  of  two  battleaxes  in  saltire  or,  a  goat 
statant  sa.  armed  gold.     Motto — Qualis  vita,  finis  ita. 

Preston,  Sorougrh  of  (co,  Lancaster).  Az.  a  paschal 
lamb  couchant  with  the  banner  all  ar.  round  the  head  a 
nimbus  or,  in  base  the  letters  P.  P.  of  the  last. 

Price  (John  Pbioe,  Esq.,  of  the  city  of  Amiens,  France). 
Gu.  an  antelope  pass,  holding  in  the  mouth  a  trefoil  slipped 
or,  on  a  chief  of  the  last  three  spearheads  sa.  imbrued  ppr. 
Crest — An  antelope  holding  in  the  mouth  a  trefoil  slipped  or, 
resting  the  dexter  foreleg  on  an  escocheon  also  or,  charged 
with  a  spearhead  sa.  imbrued  ppr.  Motto — Spee  unica 
virtus. 

Price  (Marrington  Hall,  and  Brompton  Hall,  co.  Salop  ;  con- 
firmed to  Lewis  Kicbabd  Pric:e,  of  those  places,  Esq.,  son 
of  Stafford  Pbice,  of  Ucndon,  Middlesex).  Quarterly, 
nebule  gu.  and  erm.  in  the  Ist  and  4tli  quarters  a  lion  ramp, 
reguard.  arg.  gorged  with  a  collar  sa.,  and  in  the  2nd  and 
3rd  quarters  an  escallop  betw,  three  boars'  heads  erased  of 
the  last.  Crest — A  demi  lion  erininois  holding  betw,  the 
paws  an  escallop  sa.  and  transfixed  through  the  mouth  by  a 
tilling  sjiear  paleways  ppr. 

Price-Davies  (exemplified  to  Stafford  Pavies  Pbice, 
Hooii  Abthub  Lewis  Pbice,  Llewellyn  Albebic  Emilius 
Pbice,  and  Gwendoline  Cholita  Mary  Sceynton  Price 
(the  children  Of  Lewis  Kichabd  Price,  Esq.,  of  Marrington 
Hall,  CO.  Salop,  last  surviving  son  of  Stafford  Pbick,  Esq., 
of  Hendon  House,  Middlesex,  by  Mabcabet,  his  wife,  dnu. 
of  William  Davies,  Esq.,  of  brompton  Hall,  co.  Salop. 
On  their  receiving  a  royal  iirencc,  7  Jan.  laBO,  to  take 
the  surname  of  Imvies  in  addition  to  and  after  that  of 
Price,  and  to  bear  the  arms  of  Davies  and  Price  quarterly. 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  gu.  on  a  bend  arg.  a  lion  pass.  betw. 
two  estoilcs  sa.  in  chief  a  lion's  head  erased  of  the  second 
duially  crowneil  or,  for  Davies;  '<Jnd  and  3rd,  Pbice,  as 
above.  Creit  of  Davies — Upon  a  mount  vert  betw.  two 
antlers  or,  a  lion's  head  erased  arg.  dmally  crowned  gu.  and 
charged  with  an  csUjile  sa.     Crest  of  Pbice — As  above. 

Prior- Wandesforde.    See  Wandesfobde. 

Pyke  (Winckley  Square,  Preston,  Lancashire,  as  assigned  by 
Pau-nt  to  Joseph  Ptke,  Esq.,  of  lliat  place,  J. P.).  Pit 
saltire  sa.  and  or,  two  trefoils  in  pale,  and  in  fess  as  many 
talbot«'  heads  erased,  counterchanged.  trait— In  front  of 
ji  fountain,  a  pike  flih,  fes»ewi»p,  ppr.  Mottfi—Vpo  tavente 
prngredlor. 


QUAIN  (Richard  Qdain,M.D.,  F.R.S.,of  67,  Harley  Street, 
Cavendish  Square,  London,  eldest  son  of  John  Qcain,  of 
Carrigoon,  co.  Cork,  and  the  other  de.icendants  of  his  said 
father).  Ar.  a  chev.  engr.  az.  in  chief  two  fers-de-moline 
gu.  and  issuant  from  the  base  a  rock  covered  with  daisies 
ppr.  Crest — Ont  of  the  battlements  of  a  tower  ppr.  a  denii 
lion  ramp,  or,  charged  on  the  shoulder  with  a  trefoil  vert, 
and  holding  betw.  the  paws  a  battleaxe  also  ppr.  blade  gold. 
Motto — Avorum  non  immemor. 

Quain  (John  Qcain,  Esq.,  of  Pembroke  Road,  Dublin, 
brother  of  Richard  Quain,  M.D.).  Arin*,  Ace,  same  as 
the  preceding  with  due  difference. 

Quebec  Province.    See  Canada,  Dominion  of. 

duicke  (Collection  of  Molyncux,  Ulster,  1597-1632).  Ar.  a 
bend  wavy  betw.  three  cocks  gu.  on  a  canton  per  pale  gu. 
and  vert  a  swan  or.  Crest — A  demi  swan  sans  wings  with 
two  necks  gu.  round  the  necks  a  riband  or. 


B. 

RAMSDBN  (Furness  Abbey,  Barrow-in-Furness,  co. 
Lancaster;  Sib  James  Ramsden,  Knt.,  J. P.  cos.,  Lancaster 
and  Cumberland,  was  first  Mayor  of  the  borough  of  Barrow- 
in-Furness).  Az.  on  a  chev.  or  betw.  in  chief  two  rams' 
head  couped,  and  in  base  a  fleur-de-lis  ar.  a  bee  volant 
betw.  two  arrows  chevronwise,  points  upwards  ppr.  Crest — 
From  the  battlements  of  a  tour  or,  a  cubit  arm  in  armour 
the  hand  in  a  gauntlet  ppr.  holding  a  fleur-de-lis  ar. 
su.spended  from  the  wrist  by  a  chain  gold  an  escocheon  az. 
charged  with  a  ram's  head  (ouped  &r. 

Bankin  (James  Rankin,  Esq.,  of  Bryngwyn,  co.  Hereford, 
J. P.  and  D.L.,  High  Sheriff  1873,  Chief  Steward  of  the  city 
of  Hereford,  and  M.P.,  only  son  of  Robert  Rankin,  Esq.,  of 
Bromborough  Hall,  Cheshire).  Or,  a  cinquefoil  gu.  betw. 
in  chief  a  hatchet  betw.  two  boars'  heads  erased,  and  in  base 
a  boar's  head  erased  betw.  two  hatchets  all  sa.  Crest — In 
front  of  a  cubit  arm  pur.  holding  a  hatchet  sa.  and  charged 
with  a  cinquefoil  gu.  a  boar's  head  erased  of  the  second. 
A/otto— Prudentia  et  virtute. 

Bathdonnell,  Baron.    See  Bcnbdbt. 

Bawlins  (formerly  of  Houghton  and  Hook,  afterwards  of 
Beaucroft,  Wimbor'e,  co.  Dorset,  and  Bournemouth,  co. 
Hants).  Sa.  three  vords  in  pale,  points  in  chief  ar.  hiltij 
and  pommels  or.  Crest — An  arm  embowed  in  armour  ppv. 
holding  in  the  gauntlet  a  falchion  ar.  hilt  or.  Motto— 
Cognosce  teipsum,  et  disce  pati. 

Bay  (Rev.  Joseph  Ray,  M.A.,  Magdalene  Coll.  Camb.,  Patron 
and  Rector  of  Ashton-upon-Mersey,  co.  Chester,  descended 
from  the  family  of  MacUae  of  the  Western  Highlands  of 
Scotland,  distiiuuished  for  its  loyalty  to  the  Royal  House  of 
Stuart.  The  direct  male  ancestor  of  the  Rev.  Joseph  Ray, 
joined  the  Standard  of  Prince  Charles  Edward  in  1745, 
fought  at  Culloden,  and  after  the  defeat  was  proscribed. 
He  eventiiully  found  refuge  in  England).  Ar.  a  fesse  betw. 
two  mullets  in  chief  and  a  lion  ramp,  in  base  gu.  Crest — A 
naked  dexter  arm  erect,  the  hand  holding  a  short  sword,  all 
ppr.    Motto — Fortitudine. 

Raymond  (Baron  Raymond,  extinct  1763).  Quarterly,  Isb 
and  4th,  sa.  a  chev.  betw.  three  eagles  displ.  ar.  onacniefor. 
a  rose  betw.  two  flenrs-dc-lis  gu.,  for  Raymond  ;  2nd  and  3rd, 
or,  a  fesse  gu.  over  all  on  a  bend  sa.  five  mullets  ot  the  field, 
for  FisuEB.  Crest — Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a  demi  dragon 
erm.  Supporters — Two  eagles  reguard.  ppr.  collared  or. 
Motti .iKquam  scrvare  inenteai. 

Bayner  (John  Rayner,  Esq.,  M.D.,  Smatldale  House, 
Highbury  Quadrant,  Middlesex).  Az.  on  a  chev.  or  betw. 
three  demi  lions  ramp,  of  the  last,  five  crosses  crosslet  of 
the  first.  Crest — In  front  of  a  demi  lion  ramp,  or,  holding  in 
the  dexter  paw  a  cross  crosslet  az.  a  serpent  uowed  ppr. 
Motto — Facta  non  verba. 

Bedfoord  (quartered  by  Jaheb  Redfoobd  Bclweb,  Esq., 
Q.C.,  Recorder  of  Cambridtre,  Treasurer  of  the  InnerTumple, 
Lieut. -Col.  Inns  of  Court  Rifle  Volunteers,  son  of  Rev. 
Jamks  Hiilweb,  Rector  of  Hunworth-cuin-Slody,  co.  Norfolk, 
dcceiiHi'd,  by  Eliza  Redfoord,  his  wife,  also  deceased,  only 
dtiu.  and  co-heiress  of  liavAN  Manseboh,  of  Grenane,  co 
Tipperary).  Ar.  a  fesse  wavy  gu,  in  ciiicf  three  piles  vert, 
each  charged  with  a  quatrefoil  of  the  field.  See  also  nnder 
Manseroh. 


K>  £  JS 


SUPPLEMENT. 


BUT 


Beed  (Sir  Edwabd  James  Reed,  K.C.B.).  Ar.  two  pallets 
SE.  betw.  two  eagles  displ.  sa.  within  the  pallets  a  fleur- 
de-lis  of  the  second  betw.  two  roses  gu.  barbed  and 
seeded  ppr.  Ciest — A  demi  man  in  profile  looking  to  the 
sinister  supporting  in  his  dexter  hand  a  hammer  resting  on 
an  anvil  and  holding  in  the  sinister  hand  an  iron  ship  all 
ppr. 

Sendall  (Brigmerston  House,  Amesbury,  Wilts;  exemplified 
to  Francis  Shuttleworth  Holden,  Esq.,  youngest  son  of 
Edward  Anthony  Holden,  Esq.,  of  Aston  Hall,  co.  Derby, 
on  his  assuming  by  royal  license,  1877,  the  surname  and 
arms  of  Kendall,  in  right  of  his  wife,  Rachel  Frances. 
eldest  dau.  of  John  Pincknet,  Esq.,  of  Manor  House,  Great 
Durnford,  Wilts,  and  heiress  of  Charles  E.  Kendall,  Esq., 
of  Brigmerston  House).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  gu.  on  a 
cross  coti?ed  ttory  or,  a  horseshoe  betw.  four  mullets  pierced 
of  the  first,  and  (for  distinction)  a  cross  crosslet  in  canton 
of  the  second,  for  Kendall;  2nd  and  3rd,  sa.  a  fesse  engr. 
erminois  betw.  two  chev.  erm.,  for  Holden.  Crest — 1st, 
Rendall:  An  antelope's  head  couped  or,  gorged  with  a 
collar  gemel,  holding  in  the  mouth  a  horseshoe,  and  charged 
(for  distinction)  with  a  cross  crosslet  all  gu. ;  2nd,  Holden  : 
On  a  mount  vert  a  heathcoek  rising  sa.  winged  or. 

Senton  (Bradston  Brook,  co.  Surrey,  and  Hedgecocks,  co. 
Sussex;  John  Thompson  Kenton,  Esq.,  of  Bradston  and 
Hedgcock,  J.P.,  son  of  William  Kenton,  Esq.,  Edinburgh, 
by  Agnes,  his  wife,  duu.  of  Henry  Duncan,  of  Comely  Green, 
Edinburgh).  Az.  on  a  chev.  invected  or,  betw.  two  towers, 
in  chief  ar.  and  a  lion  ramp,  in  base  of  the  last  holding  in  the 
dexter  forepaw  a  thistle  leaved  and  slipped  ppr.  a  saltire 
couped  of  the  first.  Crest — A  lion  ramp.  az.  holding  in  the 
dexter  forepaw  a  sword  point  downwards  ppr.  pommel  and 
hilt  or,  and  resting  the  sinister  forepaw  on  a  tower  ar. 

Sepingrton  (A'Coubt  -  Repington,  Amington  Hall,  co. 
Warwick).  Quarterly,  Ist  jind  4th,  gu.  afessedancett^eemi. 
betw.  six  billets  ar.,  for  Repington  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  per  fesse 
or  and  paly  of  six  erminois  and  az.,  for  a  A'Court,  in  chief 
an  eagle  displ.  sa.  beak  and  legs  gu.  charged  on  the  breast 
with  two  chevronels  ar.  Crests — Ist,  Repington  :  A  demi 
heraldic  antelope  gu.  armed,  unguled,  and  tufted  or, 
billett^  ar. ;  2nd,  A'Court  :  An  eagle  displ.  sa.  on  the 
breast  two  chevronels  or,  holding  in  the  beak  a  lily  ppr. 
Motto — Virtus  propter  se. 

Shodes  (Loventor,  co.  Devon,  bart. ;  see  Baker,  Upper 
Dunstable  House,  co.  Surrey,  bart.,  page  41).  Sir  Fbciderick 
Edward  Baker,  4th  bart.,  assumed  by  royal  licence,  1878, 
the  surname  of  Rhodes  in  lieu  of  his  patronymic.  Baker, 
and  was  exemplified  the  following  Arias :  Quarterly,  1st  and 
4th,  ar.  a  lion  pass,  guard,  betw.  two  acorns,  slipped,  bend- 
wise,  az.  within  two  bendlets,  nebuly,  sa.  guile  d'or,  the 
whole  betw.  as  many  trefoils  slipped,  vert,  for  Rhodes  :  2nd 
and  3rd,  per  pale  ar.  and  or,  on  a  saltire  nebuly,  sa  five 
escallops  of  the  first,  a  chief  of  the  third,  thereon  a  lion  pass. 
of  the  second,  for  Baker.  Crests — Ist,  Rhodes:  A  cubit 
arm  vested  az.  gutte  d'or,  cuffed  ar.  holding  an  oak  branch 
palewise  ppr.  fructed  or,  and  two  trefoils,  slipped,  in  saltire, 
vert ;  2nd,  Baker:  A  dexter  arm  embowed,  vested  az. 
charged  with  three  annulets  interlaced  or,  cuffed  ar.  holding 
in  the  hand  ppr.  an  arrow  also  ppr. 

Kicarde-Seaver.    See  Seaveb. 

Hichardson  (Lambeg,  co.  Antrim;  granted  to  Jonathan 
Richardson,  Esq.,  of  Lambeg,  formerly  M.P.  for  Lisburn, 
eldest  son  of  John  Richardson,  of  Lisburn,  and  grandson  of 
Jonathan  Richardson,  also  of  Lisburn,  both  deceased,  and 
to  the  other  descendants  of  his  said  grandfather).  Ar.  on  a 
fesse  engr.  per  saltire  az.  and  gu.  betw.  in  chief  a  bull's  head 
couped  of  the  third,  and  in  base  a  galley  ppr.  four  escallops, 
two  in  fesse  and  two  in  pale  or.  Crest — A  lion  ramp.  ar. 
armed  and  langued  gu.  holding  betw.  the  paws  a  laurel 
garland  ppr.     3yo«o— Virtute  acquiritur  hones. 

Sichmond  CGeorge  Rich.mond,  Esq.,  Royal  Acaden)ician, 
Pottern,  co.  Wilts,  and  20,  York  Street,  Portman  Square;. 
Az.  two  fleurs-de-lis  in  pale  betw.  as  many  pallets  ar.  Crest 
—A  demi  lion  ar.  gorged  with  a  collar  and  chain  reflexed 
over  the  back  az.  the  collar  charged  with  two  annulets  or, 
holding  betw.  the  paws  encircled  by  a  chaplet  of  oak  an 
escocbeon  az.  thereon  a  fleur-de-lis  ar.  Motto — Ancora 
imparo  (these  words  were  written  by  Michael  Angelo  below 
a  drawing  of  himself  by  himself  at  the  age  of  90). 

Richmond  (Town  of  co.  York).  Gu.  an  orle  ar.  over  all  a 
bend  enn.     Crest — A  rose  gu.  crowned  or. 

Ridgrway  (Brandfold,  Goudhurst,  Kent,  and  Wallsuches, 
Horwich,  CO.  Lancaster,  J. P.  for  the  said  counties).  Ar. 
two  wings  conjoined  In  lure  and  elevated  sa.  betw.  three 


peacocks'  beads  erased  one  in  chief  and  two  in  base  ppr. 
each  gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  or.  Crest — In  front  of  a 
palm  tree  a  camel  couchant  ppr.  bridled  gu.  burdened  on 
either  side  with  a  bale  also  ppr.  and  gorged  with  a  collar 
gemel  or. 

Ripley  (Acacia  and  Bowling  Lodge,  co.  York,  and  Bedstone 
House,  CO.  Salop,  bart..  created  8  May,  18S0).  Per  chev. 
nebuly  or  and  vert  a  cross  crosslet  betw.  two  lions  ramp,  in 
chief  and  a  lion  ramp.  beiw.  two  cross  crosslets  in  base  all 
counterchanged.  Crest — A  demi  lion  reguard.  vert  gorged 
with  a  collar  gemel,  and  charged  on  the  body  with  a  crosi 
crosslet  or,  holding  betw.  the  paws  an  escocheon  ar.  charged 
with  a  cock  ppr. 

Rivers  (F'ox-Pitt-Rivers).    See  Pitt-Rivers. 

Roberts  (Lieut. -Gen.  Sir  Frederick  Sleigh  Robeets,G.C.B., 
V.C,  CLE.,  Bart.,  created  15  June,  1881).  Az.  three 
estoiles  or,  on  a  chief  wavy  of  the  second  an  eastern  crown 
gu.  Crest  —  A  lion  ramp,  or,  armed  and  langued  gu. 
charged  on  the  shoulder  with  an  eastern  crown,  as  in  the 
arms,  and  holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a  sword  blade  wavy  ar. 
pommel  and  hilt  gold.  Supporters  (to  descend  with  the 
Baronetcy) — Dexter,  a  Highlander  of  the  92nd  regt. ; 
sinister,  a  Gcorka,  both  habited,  and  holding  in  their  ex- 
terior hands  a  rifle  all  ppr.     Motto — Virtute  et  valore. 

Robinson  (Baron  Rokebt,  see  pp.  861-2).  Morris,  3rd 
Baron  Rokeby,  who  d.  unm.  1829,  being  desirous  to  change 
the  supporters  granted  to  and  borne  by  his  predecessors, 
obtained  a  grant  from  Fqrtescue,  Ulster,  9  June,  1801,  of 
the  following.  Supporters— Dexter,  a  roebuck  or,  spotted 
and  charged  on  the  breast,  with  a  mullet  sa.  gorged  with  a 
ducal  coronet  gu.  and  chained  gold.  Sinister,  a  horse  ar. 
holding  in  the  mouth  a  broken  tilting  spear  ppr. 

Robinson  (John  Charles  Robinson,  Esq.,  Swanage,  co. 
Dorset,  and  Portman  Square,  London).  Vert  on  a  chev.  or, 
betw.  three  stags  trippant  reguard.  of  the  last  as  many 
crosses  bottonn^e  fitch^e  of  the  first.  Crest — A  stag  ppr. 
holding  in  the  mouth  three  cinquefoils  slipped  vert,  and 
resting  the  dexter  forefoot  on  a  chaplet  of  roses  also  ppr. 

Rochdale  (Borough  of,  co.  Lancaster).  Ar.  a  woolpack 
encircled  by  two  branches  of  coilon  tree  flowered  and  con- 
joined ppr.  a  border  sa.  charged  with  eight  martlets  of  the 
field.  Crest — A  millrind  sa.  and  above  a  fleece  ar.  banded 
or.     Motto — Crede  signo. 

Rocheid  (Inverlelth,  Edinburgh).  Ar.  a  fess  betw.  a  boar's 
bead  erased  in  chief  and  two  mullets  in  base  az.,  the  fesa 
charged  with  a  crescent  of  the  first  for  difference.  Crest— 
A  savage's  head  ppr.     Motto — Fide  et  virtute. 

Romanis  (Wigston  Magna,  co.  Leicester,  and  Charterhouse, 
Godalming,  co.  Surrey).  Az.  a  passion  cross  or,  on  a  chief 
of  the  last  two  thistles  slipped  and  leaved  ppr.  Crest — On  a 
mount  vert  in  front  of  a  thistle  slipped  and  leaved  ppr.  a 
passion  cross  or.     Motto — Per  incerta  certus  amor. 

Ross  (Cromarty,  Scotland).  Gu.  three  lions  ramp.  ar.  in  the 
centre  a  mullet  of  the  second  for  diff.  Crest — An  eagle, 
wings  closed  ppr.     Motto — Dread  God. 

Ross  (CO.  York,  formerly  Scotland).  Per  pale  sa.  and  gu. 
two  water  bougets  in  chief  and  a  boar's  head  couped  in  base 
ar.     Crest — A  water  bougel  ar.    Motto — Agnoscar  eventu. 

Rossell  (co.  Salop;  Peter  Rossell,  34  Edward  I.,  a.d.  1306. 
Visit  Salop,  1584.  Harleian  MS.  1396).  Gu.  on  a  bend  ar. 
three  roses  of  the  first. 

Routh  (Dinsdale,  co.  Durham,  and  Richmond,  co.  York). 
Ar.  a  chev.  sa.  betw.  three  lions'  heads  erased  gu. 

Row^ton,  Saron.    See  Corrt. 

Royal  University  of  Ireland.    See  University. 

Royds  (Falinge,  near  Rochdale,  and  Heysham,  near  Lancas- 
ter, CO.  Lancaster,  and  Houghton,  co.  Stafford ;  originally 
settled  near  Halifax).  Erm.  on  a  cross  engr.  betw.  four 
lions  ramp.  gu.  a  spear  in  pale  ppr.  betw.  four  bezants. 
Crest — A  leopard  sejant  ppr.  bezant^e  resting  the  dexter 
forepaw  on  a  pheon.     Motto — Semper  paratus. 

Russell  (Baron  Ampthilt).  Ar.  a  lion  ramp.  gu.  on  a  chief 
sa.  three  escallops  ar.  a  mullet  or,  for  diff.  Crest — A  goat 
statant,  ar.  charged  with  a  mullet  sa.  for  diff.  Supporters — 
Dexter,  a  lion,  sinister,  :in  heraldic  antelope,  both  gu.  the 
latter  ducally  gorged,  lined,  armed  and  unguled  or,  and  each 
charged  with  a  mullet  gold,  for  diff.     Motto — Che  sara  sara. 

Rutherford  (Blackburn,  co.  Dumfries,  1880).  A r.  an  orle 
gu.  in  chief  a  mascle  betw.  two  martlets  sa.  Crest— A  white 
horse's  head  erased  sa.— Afofio— Scdulus  et  audax. 


B.  YD 


SUPPLEMENT. 


SAN 


Syde,  Corporation  of  (Isle  of  Wight).  Ar.  in  base  on 
waves  of  the  sea  a  schooner  yacht  under  sail  ppr.  within  a 
bordure  ar.  charged  with  eight  estoiles  or.  Crest — Upon  a 
rock  a  sea-horse  ppr.  charced  on  the  body  with  two  estoiles 
or.     Motto — Amoenitas  salubritas  urbanitas. 


SACKVUiLE,  BABON.    See  West. 

Sackville-West  (Baron  Sacki-ille).    See  West. 

St.  Helen's,  Borough  of  (co.  Lancaster).  Ar.  two  bars 
az.  over  all  a  cross  sa.  in  the  1st  and  4th  quarters  a  saltire 
gu.  and  in  the  2nd  and  3rd  a  gryphon  segreant  of  the  third. 
Crest — A  lion  pass,  guard,  ppr.  charged  on  the  body  with 
two  fleurs-de-lis  gu.  resting  the  dexter  forepaw  on  an  ingot 
of  silver. 

Salter  (cos.  Salop,  Dorset,  and  Bucks;  Thomas  Salter,  of 
Oswestry,  2i  Richard  II.,  a.d.  1393,  from  whom  descended 
in  line  of  heirs,  among  others,  Robert  Salter,  of  Whit- 
church-by-Lyme,  Dorset;  William  Salter,  of  Iver,  Bucks; 
Sir  Edward  Salter,  Knt.,  Master  in  Chancery,  Knight. 
Carver  to  King  James  I.  and  Prince  Charles,  of  Richings 
Park  Iver,  Bucks.  Confirmed  to  William  Salter,  of  Iver, 
by  William  Harvey,  Clarenceux.  Visit.  Bucks,  1575).  Gu. 
ttn  billets,  or,  four,  three,  two,  and  one.  Crest — A  pheasant's 
head  and  neckcouped  gu.  beaked  and  billeted  or  ten  billets, 
one,  two,  three,  and  four. 

Salter  (co.  Salop) ;  JoLN  Salter,  a.d.  1426,  2nd  son  of 
Thomas  Salter,  of  Oswestry,  from  whom  descended  among 
others,  John  Salter,  of  Wrockwardine,  Clerk  of  the  Peace, 
CO.  Salop,  1469;  John  Salter,  of  Newport,  Welsh  Judge, 
1521 ;  Richard  Salter,  who  went  in  to  Essex  about  1525. 
Confirmed  Visit.  Salop,  1584  and  in  1623,  Ly  Thomas  Tres- 
well,  Somerset^.  Gu.  ten  billets  or,  four,  three,  two,  and  one, 
a  bordure  engr.  az.  charged  with  eight  bezants.  Crtxt — A 
cock's  head  and  neck  couped  az.  combed,  wattled,  and  beaked 
gu.  billeted  or,  four  billets,  one,  two,  and  one. 

Salter  (co.  Salop;  Richard  Salter,  of  Oswestry,  temp.  12 
Henry  VI.  a.d.  1434,  a  younger  son  of  Thomas  Salter,  of 
Oswestry.  Visit.  Salop,  1684).  Gu.  ten  billets  or,  four, 
three,  two,  and  one,  a  label  of  three  pendants  across  the 
escutcheon  of  the  last. 

Salter  (co.  Salop ;  John  Salter,  of  Salter's  Hall,  Newport, 
Member  of  the  Council  of  Wales,  Welsh  Judge,  High  Sheriff 
of  Salop,  1621,  descended  from  John  Salter,  1426,  who 
was  2nd  son  of  Thomas  Salter,  of  Oswestry,  1393).  Ar. 
three  pheons  sa.  Judge  Salter  also  used  the  arms  of  his 
branch  of  the  family:  Gu.  ten  billets  or,  four,  three,  two, 
and  one,  a  bordure  engr.  az.  charged  with  eight  bezants. 

Salter  (co.  Salop;  Sir  Thomas  Salter,  Gentleman  of  the 
Privy  Chamber  to  Henry  VIII.,  son  of  Richard  Salter,  of 
Oswestry,  2nd  son  of  Robert,  descended  from  Thomas 
Salter,  1393).  Gu.  ten  billets  or,  a  bordure  engr.  ar. 
charted  with  sixteen  hurts  and  torteaux  alternate,  a  label 
of  three  pendants  across  the  escutcheon  debruising  the  four 
upper  billets  ar.  Crefl — A  pheasant's  head  and  neck  couped 
gu.  beaked  and  billeted  or,  ten  billetc,  one,  two,  three,  and 
four,  on  a  wreath  ar.  and  az.  granted  for  difT.  by  Thomas 
Wriothesley,  Jarretiere  King  at  Arms,  and  John  Young, 
Norroy  King  at  Arms,  to  Sir  Thomas  Salter,  2  May,  1613. 

Salter  (co.  Essex  ;  Richard  Salter,  descended  from  John 
Salter,  1426,  went  from  Salop  to  Essex,  152.'i,  and  there 
became  chief  officer  to  Bishop  Nix,  of  Norwich,  ills  son. 
Blase  Salter,  was  Secretarj'  to  John,  Earl  of  Oxford.  Sir 
John  Salter,  Knt.,  Master  of  the  Mcrchiint  Taylors'  Com- 
pany, 1731-2,  Lord  Mayor  of  London,  1739-40.  Confirmed, 
Visit.  Essex,  IG23).  Gu.  ten  billets  or,  four,  three,  two, 
and  one,  a  bordure  engr.  az.  charged  with  eight  bezants; 
also  the  same  quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  with  ar.  three  pheons 
»a.  2nd  and  3rd — the  latter  being  the  coat  of  Judge  Salter, 
of  Newport,  Salop,  uncle  of  Richard  Salter.  Oral — A 
cock's  head  and  neck  couped  az.  combed,  wattled,  and 
beaked  gu.  billeted  or,  four  billets,  one,  two,  and  one. 

Salter  ^co.  .Salop  ;  Thomas  Salter,  of  Wrockwardine,  de- 
•cended  from  John  .Salter,  1426.  Confirmed  Visit.  .Salop, 
1.084  and  1666).  Quarterly,  j^u,  ten  billets  or,  four,  thref-, 
two,  and  one,  a  bordure  engr.  az.  charged  with  eight  bezants, 
lit  and  4ih;  ar.  three  pheons  sa.  2nd  and  3rd,  the  latter 
being  the  arms  of  his  uncle,  Judge  Salter.  Crrst — A  cock's 
he«d  and  neck  couped  az  combed,  wattled,  and  beaked  gu. 
billeted  or,  four  billets,  one,  two,  and  one. 


Salter  (co.  Suffolk;  Richard  Salter  [about  1620],  son  of 
Richard  Salter,  of  Oswestry,  by  Margaret,  his  second 
wife,  half-brother  of  Sir  Thomas  Salter,  whoee  arms 
he  used.  Confirmed  Visit.  Suffolk,  1612-3).  Gu.  ten 
billets  or,  four,  three,  two,  and  one,  a  bordure  engr.  ar. 
charged  with  sixteen  hurts  and  torteaux  alternate,  a  label 
of  three  pendants  across  the  escutcheon  debruising  the 
four  upper  billets,  ar.  Crest — A  pheasant's  head  and  neck 
couped  gu.  beaked  and  billeted  or,  ten  billets,  one,  two, 
three,  urnl  four.  (Other  Salters  went  from  Essex  into 
Suffolk,  and  the  two  branches  became  confused.  Martin 
Salter,  High  Sheriff  of  Suffolk,  1665,  was  from  Essex, 
being  grandson  of  Blase  Salter.) 

Salter  (cos.  Dorset,  Somerset,  Bucks,  Hants,  and  in  London  : 
George  Salter,  1550,  second  son  of  Robert  Salter,  of 
Whitchurch-by-Lyme,  Dorset,  from  wnom  descended,  among 
others,  George  Salter,  of  Denham  Manor,  Bucks;  Thomas 
Salter,  of  London,  1633  ;  James  Salter,  of  Puddimore, 
Somerset;  Thomas  Salter,  of  Poole,  Dorset,  J. P.,  Con- 
firmed to  Thomas  Salter,  of  London,  Visit.  1633).  Gu.  ten 
billets  or,  four,  three,  two,  and  one,  a  bordure  engr.  ar. 
charged  with  eight  hurts.  Crest — An  eagle's  head  and 
neck  couped  gu.  billeted  or. 

Salter  (cos.  Dorset  and  Middlesex  ;  Robert  Salter,  1655, 
third  son  of  Robert  Salter,  of  Whitchurch-by-Lyme, 
Dorset,  from  whom  descended  Sir  Nicholas  Salter,  of 
Bradpole,  Dorset,  and  Enfield,  Middlesex.  His  only  dau. 
and  heir,  Ann,  m.  Sir  Henry  Bowyer,  of  Denham,  1613  ; 
their  son,  William,  was  created  the  first  Baronet  Bowyer, 
1660).  Gu.  ten  billets  or,  four,  three,  two  and  one,  a  bordure 
engr.  ar. 

Salter  (co.  Bucks;  Sir  William  Salter,  of  Iver,  Barrister- 
at-law,  Gray's-inn,  Knight-CarVer  to  King  Charles  I.  eldest 
son  of  Sir  Edward  Salter,  from  whom  descended,  among 
others,  Nicholas  Salter,  High  Sheriff  of  Bucks,  1687; 
Christopher  Salter,  of  Stoke  Poges,  High  Sheriff,  1810. 
Aciiievement  of  arms  on  Sir  William  Salter's  tomb,  Iver 
Church,  Bucks).  Gu.  ten  billets  or,  four,  three,  two,  and  one, 
a  label  of  five  pendants  across  the  escutcheon  ar.  Crest — 
A  pheasant's  head  and  neck  couped  gu.  beaked  and  billeted 
or,  ten  billets,  one,  two,  three,  and  four. 

Salter  (cos.  Warwick  and  Northampton,  from  Oswestry, 
Salop).  Gu.  ten  billets  or,  four,  three,  two,  and  one,  a 
bordure  engr.  ar.  charged  with  sixteen  hurts  and  torteaux 
alternate.  Crest — A  cock's  head  and  neck  couped  gu. 
combed,  wattled,  beaked,  and  billeted  or.  (These  Salters 
migrated  from  Oswestry  to  these  counties  about  1660,  and 
are  stated  in  the  pedigrees  to  have  come  from  Oswestry,  but 
exact  line  of  parentage  does  not  appear  in  the  pedigrees 
given). 

Salter  (co.  Norfolk;  Capt.  Nicholas  Salter,  of  Norwich, 
1659.  Ven.  Samdel  Salter,  the  elder,  D.D.,  Prebendary  of 
Norwich  Cathedral  and  Archdeacon  of  Norfolk.  1734 ; 
Samuel  Salter,  the  younger,  D.D.,  Prebendary  of  Norwich 
Cathedral,  and  Master  of  the  Charterhouse,  London,  1761). 
Gu.  ten  billets  or,  four,  three,  two,  and  one.  Crest — An 
eagle's  head  and  neck  erased  gu.  billeted  or. 

Sanderson  (Rev.  Edward  Sanderson,  High  Hurst  Wood, 
CO.  Sussex).  Paly  of  six  gu.  and  sa.  on  a  bend  betw.  two 
dragons'  heads  erased  or,  a  cross  patt^e  betw.  two  annulets 
of  the  first.  Crext — In  front  of  a  dragon's  head  erased  sa. 
gorged  with  a  collar  engr.  with  chain  reflected  behind  the 
neck  or,  a  cross  patt^e  of  the  last  betw.  a  branch  of  palm  and 
another  of  laurel  ppr.     Motto — Clarior  ex  obscuro. 

Sanderson (Cheetham,  co.  Lancaster;  Richard  Withington 
Bromley  Sanderson,  of  Clieetham,  only  son  of  Thomas 
Withington  Bromley  Sanderson,  of  Laburnham  House, 
same  co.,  Esq.)  Paly  of  six  or  and  gu.  a  bend  engr.  vair 
on  a  chief  of  the  second  a  lion  statant  betw.  two  annulets  of 
the  fir.st.  Crest — A  demi  talbot  or,  gorged  with  a  collar 
vair  and  supporting  a  flag  staff,  therefrom  flowing  to  the 
sinister  a  banner  quarterly  or  and  gu.  in  the  first  and 
fourth  quarters  an  annulet  of  the  last.  Motto — Deo  favente 
Don  timeo. 

Sandes  (Collib-Sandes,  exempliOed  to  Falkiner-Sandes 
Collis-Sandes,  of  the  Middle  Temple,  Barrister-at-law, 
son  of  Stephen  Edward  Collis  of  Tieraclea,  co.  Kerry, 
gent.,  by  Makcabet  Sandks,  his  wife,  deceased,  sister  of 
Maurice  KitzGebald  J-andes,  Esq.,  of  Oak  Park,  Tralee, 
CO.  Kerry,  on  his  assuming  by  royal  licence,  8  July,  1879, 
the  additional  surname  and  arms  of  Sandes,  pursuant  to  the 
will  of  his  maternal  uncle,  the  said  Maurice  FitzGerald 
Sandes).    Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,.  av.  a  fesse  dancettee  gu. 


SAP 


SUPPLEMENT. 


SHE 


betw.  four  cross  crosslets  fitch^e,  three  in  chief  and  one  in 
base  of  the  last,  for  Sandes  ;  2nd  and  3id,  ar.  on  a  chev. 
ener.betw.  three  lions' heads  erased  sa.  five  cinquefoils  of  the 
first,  for  C0LLI8.  Cre.*ts — 1st,  Sandes:  On  a  mount  vert  a 
griffin  segreant  or,  collared  fleuretteegru.;  2nd,  Collis  :  On  a 
rock  a  sea-pie  ppr.  charged  on  the  brest  with  a  fountain, 
and  preying  on  a  dolphin,  all  ppr.  Motto — Vinus  fortunae 
victrix. 
Sapv^ell  (Benjamin  Beetham  Sapwell,  Esq.,  of  Sankence, 
Aylesham,  co.  Norfolk).  Vert,  a  garb  or  betw.  four 
fountains  in  cross.  Crett — Upon  a  mount  vert  in  front  of  a 
passion  cross  or,  a  well  betw.  two  branches  of  oak  ppr. 
Motto — Clarior  e  tenebris. 

Saunders  (Cheriton  Fitz-Paine,  co.  Devon ;  exemplified  to 
Frederick  William  Akdndell,  Esq.,  upon  his  assuming, 
by  royal  licence,  1873,  the  surname  of  Sacndeks).  Ar.  a 
lion  ramp.  az.  betw.  t-vo  fiaunehes  of  the  last,  each  charged 
with  an  estoile  of  the  first,  a  chief  chequy  of  the  second  and 
erm.  Crest — An  eagle's  head  ar.  gorged  with  a  collar 
chequy  az.  and  erm.  holding  in  the  beak  an  estoile  also  az. 

Saunderson  (Little  Addington,  co.  Northampton ;  a  br^ch 
of  the  noble  family  of  Saunderson,  Eakl  of  Castleton, 
tee  Burke's  Extiiict  Peerage  and  Baronetage.  Martha 
Saunderson,  dau.  and  heiress  of  Anthony  Saunderson,  Esq. 
of  Little  Addington,  baptized  Oct.  1759,  m.  Kev.  Henry 
Etoogh,  Rector  of  Lowick  and  Islip,  and  d.  20  April, 
1835,  leaving  two  sons.  Rev.  Richard  Saunderson  Etodgh, 
and  Captain  Henry  Gladwell  Etough,  R.N.,  who  d.s.p. 
The  elder  son,  Rev.  Richard  Saunderson  Etough,  m. 
Anna  Awdry,  dau.  of  Rev.  D.  S.  Olivier,  rector  of  Clifton, 
Beds,  and  d.  1853,  leaving  issue).  Paly  of  six  ar.and  az.  on 
a  bend  sa.  three  annulets  or.  Crest — A  talbot  pass.  ar. 
eared  sa. 

Sava^e-Graliani.    See  Graham. 

Savile  (.Augustus  William  Savile,  Esq;,  of  Rufford  Abbey, 
CO.  Nottingham).  Ar.  on  a  bend  sa.  three  owls  of  the  first, 
a  bordure  wavy  of  the  second.  Crest — An  owl  ar.  debruised 
by  a  bendlet  sinister  wavy  sa. 

Sawrey  (Cookson-Sawrey,  Neasham  Hall,  co.  Durham). 
Quarterly,  1st  ami  4th,  ar.  on  a  bendengr.  betw.  six  lioncels 
gu.  a  rose  of  the  first  betw.  two  arrows  ppr.  in  the  centre 
chief  point  a  cross  crosslet  of  the  second,  for  Sawrey;  2nd 
and  3rd,  per  pale  nebuly,  or  and  gu.  two  pallets  betw.  as 
many  legs  couped  at  the  thighs  in  armour,  all  counter- 
changed,  for  CooKsoN.  Ci-ests — 1st,  Sawrey:  In  front  of  a 
dexter  arm  embowed  in  armour  the  hand  grasping  an 
arrow  in  bend  sinister  the  pheon  downwards,  the  Roman 
fasces  fessewise  all  ppr.  thereon  a  cross  crosslet  gu.  v  2nd, 
CooKSON  :  A  demi  lion  ppr.  gorged  with  a  collar  nebuly  gu. 
holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a  club  also  ppr.  and  resting  the 
sinister  paw  on  a  spur,  rowel  upwards,  or. 

Sawtell  (co.  Somerset,  page  901).  The  correct  blazon  is  as 
follows: — Ar.  on  a  bend  embattled  counter  embattled  gu. 
betw.  two  cocks  ppr.  a  snake  torqued  or.  Ci-fnt — Out  of  a 
palisado  crown  sa.  a  stag's  head  ppr.  Motto — Coelum  ipsum 
petimus. 

Scarborough,  Borough  of.  The  .^cnis of  the  Borough 
bear  the  marks  of  great  antiquity.  A  ship  of  the  rudest 
form,  a  watch-tower,  and  a  star  appear  on  the  Common  Seal. 
Its  registry  in  the  Herald's  College  is  without  date,  and  it  is 
there  classed  amongst  th«  most  ancient. 

Scarisbrick  (exemplified  to  Remy  Leon  de  Biaudos- 
ScARisBRicK,  of  Scarisbrick  Hall,  co.  Lancaster,  Marquis  de 
Casleja,  upon  his  assuming  by  royal  licence,  1873,  the  sur- 
name of  Scarisbrick.  The  Marquis  de  Cast^ja  m.  1835, 
Eliza  Margaret,  dau.  of  Sir  Thomas  Windsor  Hunloke, 
6th  bart.,  of  Wingerworth,  and  niece  of  Charles  Scaris- 
brick, Esq.,  of  Scarisbrick,  co.  Lancaster).  Quarterly,  1st 
and  4th,  Scarisbrick  :  Gu.  three  mullets  in  bend  betw.  two 
bendlets  engr.  ar.  for  distinction  in  the  centre  chief  point  a 
cross  crosslet  or  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  de  Biaudos.  Crests— 1st, 
Scarisbrick  ;  A  dove  sa.  beaked  and  legged  gu.  holding  in 
the  beak  an  olive  branch  ppr.  charged  for  distinction  with 
a  cross  crosslet  or;  2nd,  de  Biaudos. 

Scott  (Mollance,  co.  Kirkcudbright).  Per  pale  or  and  az.  on 
a  bend  a  mullet  betw.  two  crescents  counterchanged,  in 
sinister  chief  a  horseshoe  of  the  first.  Cmt — A  stag  t)  ippant 
gu.  attired  and  unguled  or,  charged  on  the  shoulder  with  a 
horseshoe  also  or.     Motto— Amo. 

Scott  (Redfordhill,  co.  Peebles,  1878).  Or,  on  a  bend  az. 
betw.  two  annulets  sa.  a  mullet  betw.  two  crescents  ar. 
Crnt—\  stag's  head  ppr.    Motto — Memor  et  fldelis. 


Scott  (Rev.  Thomas  Scabd  Scott,  M.A.  Oxford,  Vicar  of 
Holy  Trinity,  Penge,  co.  Surrey,  and  the  other  descendants 
of  Capt.  John  Scott,  R.N.).  Az  on  a  fesse  ar.  betw.  two 
mascles  in  chief  or  and  a  bull  pass,  in  base  of  the  second, 
an  anchor  erect  betw.  two  cinquefoils  of  the  first  Crest — 
A  sun  rising  in  splendour  from  behind  waves  of  the  sea, 
surmounted  by  a  rainbow  all  ppr.    Motto — Surge  illuminare. 

Seaver  (Ricarde  Seaver  ;  Major  Francis  Ignatius  Ricarde, 
of  Paris  assumed  by  royal  licence,  21  April,  1881,  the  addi- 
tional surname  of  Seaver;  he  is  Fellow  of  the  Royal  Society 
of  Edinburgh;  of  the  Royal  Geographical  Society,  London; 
of  the  Geological  Society,  Burlington  House:  Associate  of 
the  Institution  of  Civil  Engineers,  (fcc,  late  Government 
Inspector-General  of  Mines  of  the  Argentine  Republic,  and 
Vice-Consul  at  Gravesend  for  the  said  Republic  (since  1874), 
Knight  Commander  of  the  Royal  Military  Order  of  Christ  of 
Portugal,  Knight  Commander  of  the  Royal  and  Distinguished 
Order  of  Isabel  the  Catholic  of  Spain,  and  Knight  Officer  of 
the  Imperial  Order  of  the  Rose  of  Brazil.  He  m.  Her  Serene 
Highness  the  Princess  Dona  Maria  Louisa  Christina  de  Looz 
et  Corswarem,  nee  Princess  de  Godoy  de  Bassano,  grand- 
dau.  of  H.S.H.  Don  Manuel  de  Godoy,  Prince  of  Peace; 
which  lady  d.  at  Paris,  28  Jan.  1880).  Az.  a  chev.  em- 
battled betw.  two  wreaths  of  oak  in  chief  or,  and  a  pickaxe 
and  sword  in  saltire  in  base  ppr.  surmounted  by  a  tower  or. 
Crest — In  front  of  a  pickaxe  erect  a  Moor's  head  affrontee 
couped  at  the  stioulders  ppr.  turban  ar.  pierced  through  the 
head  by  a  sword  fessewise  point  to  the  dexter  also  ppr. 
Motto — Malo  mori  quam  foedari. 

Sejrmour  (Baron  Alcester).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  or,  on 
a  pile  gu.  betw.  six  fleurs-de-lis  az.  three  lions  pass,  guard, 
in  pale  or;  2nd  and  3rd,  gu.  two  wings  conjoined  in  iure  or. 
Crest— Om  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a  phoenix  in  flames  ppr. 
Supporters — On  the  dexter  side  a  Sailor,  and  on  the  sinister 
a  Private  of  the  Royal  Marines,  each  habited  and  holding  ia 
the  exterior  hand  a  musket  and  standing  on  an  ArmaCronK 
gun,  all  ppr.     Motto — Foy  pour  devoir. 

Shaw  (Woodfleld,  Yorkshire)  Ar.  a  chev.  erm.  on  a  cantoa 
gu.  a  talbot's  head  erased  or.  Crest— A  talbot  pass.  erm. 
erased  ar. 

Shaw  (Londonderry ;  conflrmed,  1884,  to  Rev.  James  Shaw, 
Prebendary  of  MuUabrack  and  Rector  of  Drumcar,  Diocese 
of  Armagh,  eldest  son  of  Rev.  Matthew  James  Shaw,  of 
Leeson  Park,  Dublin,  Vicar  of  Kilmactranny,  diocese  of 
Elphin,  and  grandson  of  Matthew  Shaw,  of  Lonilonderry, 
who  was  of  Scotti.sh  ancestry,  and  to  the  other  descendants 
of  his  said  grandfather).  Az.  three  covered  cups  or,  on  a 
chief  erm.  as  many  crosses  patee  gu.  Crest— A  pelican  in 
her  piety  ppr.  charged  with  a  covered  cup  gu.  Motto — I 
die  for  those  1  love. 

Shawe  (Weddington  Hall,  Nuneaton,  co.  Warwick ;  repre- 
senting Shawe,  of  Kesgrave  Hall,  co.  Suffolk,  William 
Cunlifie  Shawe,  Esq.,  of  Singleton  Lodge,  co.  Lancaster, 
)(i.  1st,  Dorothy,  dau.  of  Richard  Whitehead,  by  whom  he 
had  a  son,  Robert  Newton  Shawe,  of  Kesgrave  Hall,  who 
d.  s.  p.  He  ?-i.  2ndly,  Puilippa,  dau.  of  Charles  Pole,  of 
Southgate,  and  </.  1821.  His  eldest  son  by  his  2nd  wife, 
Samuel  Pole  Shaw,  Esq.,  became  heir  of  the. family  on  the 
death  of  his  half-brother  in  l!?5.'>,  and  d.  1862,  leaving  a 
son,  Henry  Cunliffb  Shawe,  Esq.,  ol  Weddington  Hall, 
representative  of  the  family).  Ar.  a  chev.  ermines  a 
canton  gu.,  quartering  Wingfield.  Crest  —  A  falcon 
volant  ar. 

Sheffield,  Borough  of  (co.  York).  Per  fesse  az.  and 
vert  in  chief  eight  arrows  interlaced  saltirewise  banded  ar. 
and  in  base  three  garbs  fessewise  or.  Crest — A  lion  ramp, 
ar.  gorged  with  a  collar  and  holding  betw.  the  paws  an 
antique  shield  az.  charged  with  eight  arrows  as  in  the  arms. 

Sheill  (Smithfield,  co.  Forfar).  Ar.  on  a  fess  az.  betw.  three 
inescutcheons  vert,  as  many  crescents  or.  Crest — A  cubit 
arm  erect,  surrounded  by  flames  of  fire,  the  hand  grasping 
a  dagger  all  ppr.     Motto — .Vgere  et  pati. 

Shepstoue  (Sir  Theophilus  Shepstone,  K.C.M.G., 
Member  of  the  Executive  and  Legislative  Councils,  Cape 
Colony).  Ar.  on  a  fesse  vert  a  lion  couchant  or,  a  chief  az. 
thereon  an  anchor  erect,  with  cable  of  the  third  betw.  two 
assegais  in  saltire  ppr.  Crest — A  demi  eagle  displ.  ar. 
gorged  with  a  wreath  of  oak  vert  in  front  of  two  assegais  in 
saltire  ppr. 

Sherbrooke  ( Viscount).    See  Lowe. 

Sherland  (Thomas  Sherland,  of  Wells  Hall,  co.  Suffolk, 
temp.  James  1.).  Az.  six  lioncels  ramp.  ar.  three,  two,  and 
one,  a  cantcn  erm.  (Impaled  with  the  arms  of  Sir  William 
Salter  in  Ivcr  Church,  Bucks.     Inscription  on  monument). 


SHI 


SUPPLEMENT. 


STE 


Shipman  (Sarington,  CO.  Nottingham,  <fec.,  page  923).    For 

Sarington  read  Scarrington. 
Shorrock  (Eccles  Shorrock,   Esq.,  of  Law  Hill  House, 

Blackburn,  co.  Lancaster).     Az.  a  pile  or,  fretty  sa.  betw. 

two  mallets  in  base  of  the  second,  pierced  of  the  field.    Cn'<t 

— A  demi  stag  ppr.  seraee  of  mullets  and  supporting  betw. 

the  legs  a  cross  pattee  fitch^e  all  sa.     J»/o«o— Perseveranda. 

Shuckburgh.  (Bourton  Hall,  co.  Warwick  ;  exemplified  to 
BicBARD  Henrt  Sbcckburgh,  Esq. ,  of  that  place  on  changing 
his  surname  from  Wood  to  Shuckbcrgh,  by  royal  licence, 
1876,  on  succeeding  to  the  estates  of  his  maternal  uncle,  Kev. 
Charles  Ble.ncowe  Shcckbcrgh.  John  SarcKBCRCH,  of 
Biraingl.ury,  one  of  the  six  Clerks  in  Chancery,  purchased 
Bourton  from  Sir  Humphry  Stafford,  Knt.,  of  Blatherwick, 
about  the  end  of  the  reign  of  Queen  Elizabeth).  Sa.  achev. 
indented  or,  betw.  three  mullets  pierced  ar.  a  border  of  the 
second.  Ci-esl — A  demi  Moor  ppr.  wreathed  about  the 
temples  or  and  sa.  habited  ar.  sem^e  of  mullets  pierced  also 
sa.  and  holding  in  the  dexter  hand  an  arrow  point  down- 
wards ppr.     .Votfo— Vigilate  et  orate. 

Simmons  (Gen.  Sir  John  LintornArabin  Simmons,  (t.C.B.). 
Sa.  guU^d'eau  a  dolphin  naiant  cmbowed  or,  voranta  fishar. 
a  cantoH  erm.,  tneneon  a  mural  crown  gu.  Crext — A  stump 
of  an  oak  tree  sproutmg,  in  front  thereof  a  mount  thereon  a 
branch  of  laurel  fructed,  in  bend  sinister  all  ppr.  Su-pporleis 
— Dexter  an  eagle  sa.  sinister  a  stork  ppr.  each  gorged  with 
a  mural  crown  or,  and  holding  in  the  beak  a  rose  ar.  slipped 
and  leaved  ppr.     3/o»o— Stabilitate  et  Victoria. 

Slade  (Ash  Boleyne,  Yeovil,  co.  Somerset,  and  Kaninbla, 
Hampstead,  co.  Middlesex).  Or,  three  horses'  heads  erased 
sa.  on  a  chief  nebuly  gu.  a  mascle  betw.  two  horse  shoes  of 
the  first.  Crest — In  front  of  a  horse's  head  erased  sa. 
charged  with  a  horse  shoe  three  mascles  interlaced  lessewise 
all  or.     Motlo — Facta  non  verba. 

Smelt  (Kirkby  Fleetham  and  Leases-by-Bedale,  co.  York : 
Leonard  Smelt,  Esq.,  of  Kirkby  Fleetham,  was  aged  7  years 
at  Visit.  York  by  Dugdale,  1665).  Az.  a  chev.  betw,  three 
smelts  naiant  ar.     Crent — A  cormorant's  head  erased. 

Smith.  (Benjamin  Brown  Smith,  Esq.,  of  Wolverhampton, 
CO.  Stafford).  Barry  of  six  ar  gutte  de  poix  and  gu.  a  lion 
ramp,  ducally  crowned  sa.  holding  betw.  the  paws  a  pheon 
or,  betw.  four  pheons,  two  in  chief  and  two  in  base  of  the 
last.  Crest — An  heraldic  tiger  ar.  vulned  in  the  neck  ppr. 
charged  on  the  body  with  two  pheons  and  resting  the  dexter 
foreleg  on  a  pheon  gu. 

Smitll  (Rev.  Jeremiah  Finch  Smith,  Hector  of  Aldridge, 
CO.  Stafford,  JI.  A.,  F.S.A.).  Barry  of  six  erm.  and  gu.  a  lion 
ramp.  sa.  on  the  head  a  crown  vallary  holding  betw.  the 
paws  an  annulet  or,  betw.  three  passion  crosses  of  the  last. 
Crrst — A  lion  ramp.  sa.  crowned  as  in  the  arms  holding  betw. 
the  fore-paws  a  passion  cross  and  the  dexter  hind-paw  resting 
on  an  annulet  or.     Motto — Doctrina  ferro  perennior. 

Smith  (Rev.  Joseph  Denham  Smith,  of  St.  Marylehone, 
Middlesex,  and  Vesey  Place,  Dublin).  Or,  a  lozenge  az. 
charged  with  a  mullet  of  six  points  of  the  first  betw.  three 
dragons'  heads  era.sed  of  the  second,  all  within  a  borduve  of 
the  last  charged  with  eleven  bezants.  Crest — A  dragon's 
head  erased  az.  charged  with  a  mullet  of  six  points  and 
collared  flory  counter  flory  or,  pitrced  through  the  mouth 
by  an  arrow  fessewise,  the  point  to  the  dexter  ppr. 

Smith  (Ryhope,  co.  Durham.  The  heiress  m.  Grey,  now 
represented  by  George  John  Sci'rfield,  formerly  Grey, 
Esq.,  of  Hurworth,  co.  Durham).  Ar.  on  a  bend  betw.  two 
unicorns'  heads  erased  az.  three  bezants. 

Smiith.    See  Lawson-Smith. 

Smyth  (Henlow,  co.  Bedford).  Az.  three  hor.se-shoes  fesse- 
wise  or  lietw.  as  many  horses'  heads  erased  arg.  Crest — A 
horscB  head  urg.  erased  az.  within  a  horse-shoe  or.  Motlo 
—  Kerruni  cqultis  salus. 

Snape  (Stanlake,  co.  Oxford).  Arms,  ic,  correctly  given 
at  p.  916,  but  the  name  is  not  correctly  spelt.  A  branch  of 
thi'  (Hmily  went  "  from  .Stanlake  "  to  Maldun,  Essex,  about 
\b\h,  and  their  pedigree  is  given  in  the  Visitation  of  Essex, 
16.14. 

Snape  (co.  Devon).  Visit,  of  Devon,  16'J3.  Arg.  a  lion 
ramp.  sa. 

Somner  (Seend,  CO.  Wilts;  an  ancient  family  in  that  co., 
the  heiress  of  which,  sister  of  Edward  Somner,  Esq.,  of 
Seend,  m.  Daniel  Webb,  Eiq.,  of  Monckton  Farley,  same 
CO.,  and   had  an  only  dau.  and  heiress.  Mart,  m.  1716, 


Edward,  8th  Duke  of  Somerset,  and  brought  the  Seend  and 
Monckton  Farley  estates  into  the  ducal  family  of  Seymour. 
Arms  on  family  monuments  in  Seend  church :  Vert,  a  fesse 
dancett^  erm. 
Soper  (William  Garland  Soper,  Esq.,  of  Hareston,  Cater- 
ham,  CO.  Surrey,  and  of  the  city  of  London,  B.A.  London 
University).  Per  pale  or  and  gu.  on  a  saltire  betw.  sixteen 
billets,  a  trefoil  slipped  all  counterclianged.  Impaling  for 
Mrs.  Soper  (Maria,  dau  of  George  Davis,  of  Wilderness, 
Hastings)  ar.  a  lion  ramp,  reguard.  pean  betw.  four  mullets 
of  six  points  in  cross  az.  Crest — A  demi  lion  per  pale  or 
and  gu.  holding  in  the  mouth  a  trefoil  slipped  vert  and  sup- 
porting a  torch  erect  fired  ppr. 

Soutnport,  Borougrb  of  (co.  Lancaster).  Ar.  a  fesse 
dancett^e  betw.  in  chief  three  cross  crosslets  fitchee  sa.  and 
in  base  a  lifeboat  with  men,  sky,  and  sea  all  ppr.  Crest — A 
serpent  ppr.  _  entwined  about  a  cross  crosslet  fiichfc  sa. 
Motto — Salus  populi. 

Spalding:  (South  Darenth,  Horton  Kirby,  Kent;  Samdel. 
Spalding,  Esq.,  and  the  other  descendants  of  his  father  the 
late  Rev.  Samuel  Spaldino,  M.A.).  Or,  on  a  cross  az. 
quarterly  pierced  of  the  field,  four  cross  crosslets  of  the  first, 
in  the  Ist  and  2nd  quarters  a  thistle  leaved  and  slipped  ppr. 
Crent — Betw.  two  thistles  as  in  the  Arms,  an  escocheon  az. 
charged  with  a  cross  crosslet  or.     Motto — Hinc  mihi  salus. 

Stallard  (of  Blandford  Square,  Marylehone,  co.  Middlesex). 
Sa.  a  sword  fessewise  point  to  the  dexter  or,  betw.  three 
lions'  heads  era.sed  of  the  last,  each  gorged  with  a  wreath  of 
oak  vert.  Crest — A  stork's  head  erased  sa.  supporting  in 
the  beak  a  sword  point  downwards  ppr.  pomel  and  hilt  or. 

Stansfeld  (Shepley;  granted  by  Barker,  Garter,  8  April, 
1546,  and  confirmed  by  Hervey,  Norroy,  15  Nov.  1550).  Sa. 
three  goats  courant  ar.  attired,  <fcc.,  or,  on  a  bordure  engr. 
of  the  second,  eight  pellets. 

Starkey  (Barber-Starkey,  The  Hall,  Button's  Ambo,  co. 
York;  William  Joseph  Starkey  Barber-Starkey,  Esq., 
only  child  of  Rev.  William  Henry  Barber,  M.A.,  by  Mary, 
his  wife,  dau.  of  John  Starkey,  of  Wheat  House,  Hudders- 
field,  CO.  York,  took  the  name  of  Starkey  in  addition  to  that 
of  Barber,  and  adopted  the  arms  of  Starkey  in  compliance 
with  the  wish  of  his  aunt,  Sarah  Starkey,  of  The  Hall, 
Hutton's  Ambo,  co.  York).  Ar.  a  bend  engr.  vair  betw.  six 
storks  sa.     Crest — A  stork  ar.  sem^e  of  estoiles  az. 

Staveley  (Old  Sleningford  Hall,  and  Stainley  Hall,  near 
Ripon,  CO.  York  ;  exemplified  to  Thomas  Kitchingman 
Hdtchinson,  Esq.,  Capt.  Royal  Engineers,  eldest  son  of 
Michael  Hutchinson,  Esq.,  Doctor  of  I'hysic,  by  Mary,  his 
wife,  dau.  of  John  Tanfiei.d,  Esq.,  of  Carthorp,  co.  York, 
and  great-grandson  of  Susanna  Staveley,  wife  of  Mr. 
Tanfield,  of  Carthorp,  and  dau.  of  Myles  Staveley,  Esq., 
of  Stainley,  who  d.  1722,  upon  his  assuming  by  Royal 
licence,  dated  29  Dec.  1815,  the  surname  of  Staveley  in 
lieu  of  Hutchinson  in  compliance  with  the  wish  expressed 
by  his  kinsman,  General  Miles  Staveley,  then  deceased, 
and  from  grateful  respect  to  his  memory).  Per  pale  embattled 
gu.  and  ar.  on  a  chev.  engr.  betw.  three  mascles  two  bucks' 
heads  cabossed  all  coiinterchanged.  Crest — Within  a  circular 
wreath  of  oak  fructed  ppr.  a  buck's  head  cabossed  also  ppr. 
attired  or.     Motto— Vt  aspirat  cervus. 

Stephen  (Linthouse,  CO.  Lanark).  Ar.  on  a  chev.  az.  betw. 
two  crescents  in  chief  and  a  dexter  hand  couped  in  ba«e  gu. 
three  mullets  of  the  first.  Crest — A  ship  under  sail  ppr. 
Motto — Vi  et  arte. 

Steward  (Falcon-Steward,  Newton  Manor,  Cumberland ; 
exemplified  to  Rev.  Robert  Falcon-Steward,  M.A.,  Hector 
of  SuUiampstead,  Berks,  eldest  .son  of  Robert  Falcon,  M.D., 
ly  MARiiARET  Steward,  his  wife,  sister  of  Anthony  Benm 
Steward,  Esq.,  of  Newton,  on  his  assuming  by  royal  licence 
in  1881  the  additional  surname  and  arms  of  Steward). 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  Steward:  Or,  a  fesse  engr.  chequy 
az.  and  nr.  betw.  two  stags'  heads  cabossed  in  chief  and  a 
round  buckle  in  has  ^  of  the  second,  all  within  a  border 
erm.;  2n(l  and  3rd,  Falcon:  Sa.  a  chev.  betw.  two  falcons 
close  in  chief  and  an  annulet  in  base  all  ar.,  for  Falcon. 
Creits — Isi.  Steward:  A  stag  or,  charged  on  the  body  with 
a  buckle  as  in  the  arms,  and  resting  the  dexter  foreleg  on  a 
Stan's  head  caboshed  ppr.;  2nd,  Falcon:  On  a  rock  ppr. 
and  within  an  annulet  in  front  thereof  sa.  a  falcon  close  ar. 

Stewart  (Charles  Stewart,  Esq.,  late  M.P.  for  Fenryn  and 
Falmouth,  descended  from  Wester  Cluny,  Scotland,  1879). 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  or,  a  fess  chequy  az.  and  ar.  sur- 
mounted  of  a  lion  ramp,  gu.;  2nd  and  3rd,  uz.  three  garbs 
or,  all  within  a  bordure  ar.  charged  with  three  wolfs'  heads 


STE 


SUPPLEMENT. 


SYH 


erased  gu.  (This  quartered  coat  now  counter-quartered 
with  Stewabt,  of  Orandtull}/,  q.  v.)  Crest — A  savage's  head 
ppr.  i\fotto — Xever  unprepared. 
Stewart  (Binny.  co.  Linlithgow,  paternally  Falconeb).  Or, 
a  fess  chequy  az.  and  ar.  in  chief  a  mullet  gu.  in  base  a 
hunting  horn  sa.  garnished  and  stringed  of  the  fourth. 
Crest  —A  dexter  hand  holding  a  dagger  point  downwards 
ppr.    Motto — Candide. 

Stewart  (Lieut.-Gen.  Sir  Donald  Maktin  Stewart,  G.C.B., 
C.S.I.,  Commander-in-Chief  of  H.M.  Forces  in  India,  hart., 
created  1881).  Or,  a  fess  chequy  az.  and  ar.  betw.  in  chief 
two  garbs  of  the  second,  and  in  base  an  Indian  crown  gu. 
Cre.1t — A  dexter  arm,  couped  below  the  elbow  and  erect, 
vested  gu.  holding  in  the  hand  a  dagger  ppr.  hilted  or. 
Motto  over — Pro  rege  et  lege. 

Stock  (Rev.  John  Kcssell  Stock,  M.A.,  of  20,  Bedford 
Square,  Ixindon,  Rector  of  All  Hallows  the  Great  and  the 
Less,  in  the  city  of  London).  Per  chev.  nebuly  erminois 
and  sa.  a  chev.  engr.  counterchanged,  in  base  a  stock 
of  a  tree  couped  and  sprouting  on  either  side  or.  Crest — 
Upon  a  mount  vert  a  stock  ol  a  tree  coupea  and  sprouting 
on  either  side  ppr.  surmounted  by  an  estoil  irradiated  or. 
Motto — Ex  stirpe  nil  turpe. 

Stockton  (United  States  of  America,  formerly  of  Malpas, 
CO.  Chester).     Gu.  a  chev.   vair  ar.   and   az.  betw.  three 
mullets  or.     Crest — A  lion  ramp,  supporting  an  Ionic  pillar. 
Motto — Omnia  Deo  pendent. 
Stone  (Elphinstone-Stone.Webb  Elphimstone  Elphinstone- 
Stone,  Esq.,  7,  Brunswick  Terrace,  Exinouth,  co.  Devon). 
Quarterly,  Isr  and  4th,  per  pale  or  and  az.  an  eagle  displ. 
with  two  heads  betw.  two  flaunches  each  charged  with  an 
anchor  erect,  all  counterchanged,  for  Stone;   2nd  and  3rd, 
ar.  guttee  de  sang  on  a  chev.  embattled    sa.  betw.  three 
boars'  heads  erased  gu.  two  swords  ppr.  hilted  and  pommelled 
or,  for  Elphinstone.     Crests — 1st,  Stone     In  front  of  an 
anchor  lying  fesswaysor,  a  swan's  head  and  neck  couped  ar. 
beaked  sa. ;    2nd,  Elphinstone:    Out  of  a  mural  crown  gu. 
a  lady  from  the  middle,  well  attired   ppr.  holding  in  her 
dexter  hand  a  sword  and  in  her  sinister  hand  a  laurel  branch 
both  also  ppr.     Motto — True  to  the  end. 
Storey  (Shawe-Storet,  Avcot,  co.  Northumberland;  exem- 
plified to  Lawrence  PauletShawe,  Esq.,  of  Arcot,  upon  his 
assumine,  by  royal  licence,  1S73,  the  additional  surname  of 
Stobet).  Quarterly,  Ist  and  4th,  quarterly,  indented,  ar.  and 
sa.  three  falcons  counterchanged,  and  (for  distinction)  in  the 
first  quarter  a  cross   crosslet  of  the    second,  for   Stobet  ; 
2ndand  3rd,  ar.a  chev.  erm.  cottised  sa.  betw.  three  lozenges 
In  chief  and  one  in  base  of  the  second,  for  Shawe.     Crests — 
1st,  Stobet:    A  falcon  sa.  within  a  chap'.et  of  laurel  ppr. 
charged  on  the  breast  with  an  Eastern  crown  or,  and  (for 
distinction)  charged  also  with  a  cross  crosslet  gold;   2nd, 
Shawe  :    A  hind's  head    couped  ar.   charged    with    three 
lozenges,  one  and  two  erm.  holding  in  the  mouth  an  arrow 
in  pale  or,  flighted  ar.     Motto — Sola  virtus  reddit  nobilem. 
Stourton  (Baron  Motebray,  Segrave,  and  Stourton).     Quar- 
terly of  six  .  1st,  sa.  a  bend  or,  betw.  six  fountams  ;  2nd,  gu. 
on  a  bend  betw.  six  crosses  crosslet  ar.  an  escutcheon  or, 
charged  with  a  demi  lion  ramp,  pierced  through  the  mouth 
by  an  arrow,  within  a  double  tressure  flory  counterflory  of 
the  first;  3rd,  gu.  a  lion  ramp.  ar. ;  4th,  sa.  a  lion  ramp.  ar. 
ducally  crowned  or;  5th,   gu.   three  lions  pass,  guard,  or; 
6th,   gu.  a  lion  ramp,  or,  a  border  engrailed  of  the  last. 
Crest — A  demi  grey  friar,   habited  in  russet  ppr.  girt  or, 
holding  in  the  dexter  hand  a  scourge  of  three  lashes,  with 
knots,  and  in  his   sinister  hand  a  cross,   both   gold.    Sap- 
porters — Dexter,  a  lion  ar.  ducally  crowned  or ;  sinister,  a 
sea-dog,  sa.  scaled  and  finned  or.    Motto — Loyal  je  serai 
durant  ma  vie. 
Stoveld  (Stedham  Hall,  co.   Sussex,  exemplified  to  George 
John  Townshend  Stoveld,  Esq.,  of  Stedham,  eldest  son  of 
Rev.    George    Ridsdal£,    vicar    of    South    Raynham,    co. 
Norfolk,  by  Mart  his  wife,   only  dau.   of  John  Stoveld, 
Esq.,  of  Stedham,   upon   his  a-isuming    by    royal   licence 
dated  8th  Dec,  1881,  the  surname  of  Stoveld  in  lieu  of 
RiDSDALE  in  compliance  with  the  will  of  his  maternal  grand- 
father, the  said  John  Stoveld,  Esq.,  of  Stedham).    Or  on  a 
pale  engrailed  az.  betw.  two  stags'  heads  couped  at  the  neck 
and  affronte  of  the  last  a  feather  erect  of  the  first.     Cre.tt — 
A  stdg's  head  couped  at  the  neck  and  affronte  az.  betw.  two 
feathers  or.     Motto — Eimi  o  Eimi. 
Strangman  (co.  Essex,  1614).     Per  bend  ar.  and  sa.  a  bend 
dovetailed    counterchanged.      Crest — A    demi    cockatrice 
rising  sa.  winged  ar.  holding   in   the  beak  a  slip  of  oak 
leaves  vert. 


Strathy  (Canada,  formerly  Scotland,  1882).    Or,  on  a  cher. 
az.  betw.  three  crescents  gu.  a  stag's  head  erased  of  the  first. 
Crest — An  eagle  displ.  holding  in  its  beak  a  thistle  slipped 
and  leaved  ppr.    Motlo—Anda.x  justum  perficere. 
Street  (Captain  James   Frederick  D'Arley  Stbeet.     See 
Wright,  of  Mottram  Hall,  co.  Chester).     Or,  a  cross  parted 
and  fretty   gu.   betw.    in   the    1st  and  4th  quarters  three 
martlets,   and  in  the  2nd  and   3rd  as  many   annulets   sa. 
Crest — A  demi  man  in  armour  ppr.  his  breast-plate  charged 
with  a  cross  as  in  the  arms,  and  supporting  with  his  dexter 
hand  a  flagstaff,  therefrom  flowing  to  the  dexter  a  banner 
gu.  charged  with  an  annulet  or.     Motto— (^mo  virtus  vocat. 
Stuart    (Harrington-Stuart,   of  Torrance,    co.    Lanark). 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  or,  a  bend  gu.  surmounted  of  a  fess 
chequy  az.  and  ar.  a  crescent  of  the  second  in  chief  for  diff., 
for  St0abt:    2nd  and  3rd,  sa.  a  fret  ar.  for  Harrington. 
Cie<( — A  dexter  hand  grasping  a  sword  ppr.  Motto — Avant. 
Stubbs  (Kettel  Hall,  Oxford ;  Rev.  William  Stubds,  Canon 
Residentiary  of  St.  Paul's,  London,  and  Regius  Professor  of 
Modem  History).      Sa.   on  a  bend  nebuly  or,    betw.  two 
bezants,  each  charged  with  a  pheon  of  the  field,  three  round 
buckles  also  sa.     Crest— A.  demi  eagle  displ.  sa.  each  wing 
charged  with  a  pheon,  and  transfixed  through  the  mouth 
with  a  tilting  spear  palewise  or. 
Stuckey  (Hill  House,  Langport,  Somerset;    exemplified  to 
Vincent  Stucket,   Esq.,   of  Hill  House,  J. P.,  son  of  Rev. 
William  Wood,  by  Jdlia,  his  wife,  eldest  dau.  of  Vincent 
Stccket,  Esq.,  of  Hill  House).     Per  bend  sinister  crenellee 
or  and  az.  a  lion  ramp,  double  queued  erm.  on  a  canton  of 
the  second  a  mascle  of  the  first.     Crest- — A  demi  lion  ramp, 
double  queued  erm.  charged  with  a  mascle  az.     Motto — 
Fortitudine  et  fldelitate. 
Sullivan  (GarrydufT,  co.  Cork,  Bart.;  Right  Hon.  Sir  Edward 
SnLLivAN,  LL.D.,  Lord  Chancellor  of  Ireland,  1884,  Master  of 
the  Rolls  in  Ireland,  1870  to  1884,  and  M.P.  for  Mallow,  1865 
to  1870  ;  was  created  a  Baronet,  29  Dec.  1881).    Per  pale  ku. 
and  az.  on  a  fesse  betw.  in  chief  a  boar  pass,  and  in  base 
another  boar    countor-pass.    or.   three  cross    crosslets    sa. 
Cri-st — The  Roman  fasces  fessewise  ppr.  banded  gu.  thereon 
a  robin  redbreast  also  ppr.     Motto — Tot  prsemia  vitse. 
Sulyard  (Wetherden  and  Haughley,  co.  Suffolk,  Flemings, 
CO.  Essex,  and   We.-ston,  co.  Norfolk,   descended  from   Sib 
William  Scltabd,  Knt.  of  Eye,  co.  Suffolk,  temp.  Edward  I. 
Edward   Sdltard,    Esq.,  of  Wetherden,  d.  '24    Oct.    1779, 
leaving    three    daus.,     his     co-heirs,     viz.,    Sophia,    wife 
of  John  Cart,  Esq.,  of  Hampstead  ;  Lucy,  wife  of  HnoH 
Smtthe,  3rd  son  of  the  4th  Bart,  of  Eshe  Hall  ;  and  Fbancis 
Henbietta,  wife  of  Sib  Geobge  William  Jebninoham,  7th 
Bart.,  of  Cossey,  restored  as  Baron  Stafford,  1825).     Ar.  a 
chev.  gu.  betw.  three  pheons  erect  sa.  quartering,  Faibfobd  ; 
Bacon,  Good,  Andbews,  Wetland,  Babnaville,  Stbatton, 
Hetdon,  Lovebd,  Wheatloafe,  Oclton,  Wabben,  Ponton, 
Stopfobd,  Ravenscboft,  Holland,  Skeffington,  Bibkell, 
and  Swettenham.     Crest — A  stag's  head  ar. 
Swettenham    (Wabren- Swettenham,    of   Swettenham; 
Robert  Wabben-Swettenham,  Esq.,  formerly  Wabben,  of 
Swettenham   Hall,  Swettenham,  co.  Chester,  J. P.  for  that 
county).     Quarterly:    1st  and  4th,  Swettenham,  ar.  on  a 
bend  vert  three  half  spades  of  the   first;    2nd  and  3rd, 
Warren,  chequy  or  and  gu.  on  a  canton  az.  a  cross  of  the 
first.     Crent  of  Swettenham — A  lion  rampant  az.  the  fore- 
paws  against  an  oak  tree  ppr.     Crext  of  Warren — Out  of  a 
ducal  coronet  or,  an  eagle's  talon  also  gold  holding  a  cres- 
cent gu.   in  front  of  a  plume  of  five  ostrich  feathers  ar 
Mottoes — Swettenham,  Ex  sudore  vultus  ;   Wabben,   Mox 
virtute  se  toUit  ad  auras. 
Sykes  (Ackworth,  co.  York  ;  Annie  Tilbubn,  wife  of  James 
William  Michell,  Esq.,  of  Audley,  co.  Devon,  Rothesay 
Herald,  and  Maby  Emilt  Stkes,  her  sister,  daus.  and  co- 
heirs  of  Thomas   Sykes,   of  Ackworth).     Ar.   on  a  chev. 
nebuly  gu.   betw.   three  fountains  as  many  eagles  rising 
ppr. 
Symonds    (Lodeb-Stmonds,     Hinton    Manor,    Faringdon, 
CO.    Berks;     Fbedebick    Cleave    Symonds,    Esq.,    son    of 
James  Frederick  Symonds,  Esq.,  of  Okeleinh,  co.  Hereford, 
by  Mary  Elizabeth,  his  wife,  dau.  of  John  Cleave,  Esq., 
of  Hereford,  and  a  descendant  of  the  family  of  Sy.monds, 
of  Pengethly,  in  that  co.,  took,  by  royal  licence,  8  Feb.  1 882, 
the  additional   surname  of  Lodeb).    Sa.  a  dolphin  naianl 
embowed  vorant  a  nsh,  in  chief  three  trefoils  slipped  all  ar. 
Crtst — In   front  of  a   well   sa.    a   dolphin  as  in  the  iirnis. 
Motto — Miseris  succurrere  disco. 
Sjnnonds  (Pengethly,  co.  Hereford).    Sa.  a  dolphin  naiant, 
embowed  vorant  a  fish,  in  chief  three  trefoils  slipped,  all  ar. 
Crest— In  front  of  a  well  sa.  a  dolphin,  as  in  the  armi. 


TAL 


SUPPLEMENT. 


TBE 


TALKE  (Apuldercomb,  Isle  of  Wight,  originally  of  Sussex). 
Ar.  a  cross  Tau  gu.  in  chief  three  chaplets  »ert. 

Tanner  (William  Tanneb  Farncombe-Tan>-ke,  formprly 
WiLLLAM  Tasseb  Farncombe,  of  East  Lenham,  co.  Kent, 
Esq.).  Sa.  three  piles  ar.  two  issuant  from  the  chief,  and 
one  from  the  base,  each  charged  with  a  Moor's  head  in 
profile,  couped  at  the  shoulder  ppr.  wreathed  about  the 
temples  of  the  second  and  gu.  Crest— A  Moor's  head,  as  in 
the  arms,  betw.  two  trefoils  slipped  vert. 

Taylor  CBishopwearmouth,  co.  Durham).  Ar.  a  fesse 
dancett^e  sa.  and  in  chief  three  maunches  gu.  Crest — On 
the  top  of  a  tower  a  stag  at  gaze  gorged  with  a  ducal 
crown,  thence  a  chain  reflexed  over  the  back  and  fastened 
by  a  ring  to  the  battlement. 

Taylor  (Granard,  Eoehampton,  co.  Surrey).  Ar.  a  greyhound 
current  gu.  on  a  chief  dancett^  of  the  last  a  pheon  betw. 
two  escallops  of  the  flrst.  Crest— A  demi  greyhound  gu. 
holding  betw.  the  paws  an  escallop  ar,  and  charged  on  tlie 
shoulder  with  two  escallops  lessewise  or. 

Temple  (Cowpek  -  Temple,  Baron  Mount  Temple 
Quarterly:  1st,  Temple,  counter-quartered.  Island  4th,  or, 
an  eagle  displ.  sa. ;  2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  two  barssa.  each  charged 
with  three  martlets  or.  2nd,  Cowper,  ar.  three  martlets  gu. 
on  a  chief  engr.  of  the  last  three  annulets  or.    3rd,  Nassau 

D'ACVEBQCEBQCE.      4th,    BCTLER,    of  ObMONDE.      SuppOHiVS 

— On  the  dexter  side  alien  with  wings  inverted  pean,  and  on 
the  sinister  side  a  pegasus  wings  inverted  ar.  Crest — 
Cowper:  a  lion's  gamb  erased  or,  holding  an  olive  branch 
vert,  fructed  or.     Motto — Tuum  est. 

Tenison  (King-Tenison  Earl  of  Kingston:  exemplified 
to  Hesbt  EifNEST  Newcomen,  8th  Earl  of  Kint/ston,  and 
Florence  Margaret  Christina,  Countess  of  Kingston,  his 
wife,  upon  their  assuming  by  royal  licence  dated  10  March, 

1883,  the  surname  of  Tenison  in  addition  to  and  after  King). 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  gu.  on  a  bend  engr.  or,  betw.  two 
leopards'  faces  of  the  last  jessant-de-lis  ae.  three  crosses 
crosslet  fitchee  sa.,  for  Tenison  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  gu.  two  lions 
ramp,  combatant  supporting  a  dexter  hand  couped  at  the 
wrist  and  erect  ar.,  for  Kino.  Crests — 1st,  Tenison:  In  front 
of  a  crozier  and  a  cross  crosslet  fitchee  in  saliire  sa.  a  leopard's 
face  or,  jessant-de  lis  az. ;  2nd,  Kino  :  Out  of  a  five  leaved 
ducal  coronet  or,  a  dexter  hand  erect  the  third  and  fourth 
Angers  turned  down  ppr.  Supporters — Two  lions  per  fesse 
ar.  and  gu.  ducally  crowned  also  gu.  AfoUo— Spes  tutissinia 
coelis. 

Tennyson  l Baron  Tenni/son).  Gu.  on  a  bend  nebulee  betw. 
three  leopards'  faces  jessant-de-lis  or,  a  chaplet  veit.  Crest 
— A  dexter  arm  in  armour  embowed  the  hand  gauntlttted 
or,  grasping  a  broken  tilting  spear  enfiled  with  a  garland  of 
laurel  ppr.  Supyiorters — Two  tigers  guardant  gu.  ducally 
crowned  and  seme-de-lis  or.  Motto — Uespiciens,  Prospi- 
ciens. 

Thomas  (GnoU,  Neath,  co.  Glamorgan;  Charles  Evan- 
Tbomas,  Esq.,  J. P.  and  D.L.,   High  Sherifif  co.  Brecknock, 

1884,  2nd  son  of  Evan  Thoma.s,  Esq.,  Llwynmadoc,  co. 
Brecknock).  Ar.  on  a  chev.  engr.  az.  two  griffins  pass, 
counter  pass,  of  the  field  gorged  with  two  bars  gu.  on  a 
chief  of  the  second  three  cinqucfoils  pierced  or.  Crest — 
Out  of  a  mural  crown  ar.  a  demi  sea  horse  gu.  crined  or 
resting  the  paws  on  an  anchor  erect  la  Motto — Dduw 
bordiolch. 

Thorns  (Aberlemno,  co.  Forfar).  Or,  a  lion  ramp.  gu. 
debruised  of  aclicv.  sa.  Crest — A  demi  unicorn  erm.  armed, 
crined,  and  unguled  or,  supporting  a  shield  also  or.  Motto 
— Virtutis  praemium. 

Thomhill.    .See  McCreagu  Thornbill. 

Thurlow,  Baron.     See  Bruce. 

Thwaites  (Krecby,  co.  Leicester,  Billinge  Scarr  and  Wood- 
fuld  I'ark,  co.  Lancaster,  and  Addison  Lodge,  co.  Middlesex; 
r)ANiKL  Thwaites,  Esq.,  of  Blackburn,  co.  Lancaster,  m. 
Betty,  dau.  of  Edward  DncKwoRTii,  of  the  same  place,  and 
d.  I84:t,  leaving,  with  other  issue,  Daniel  Thwaites,  Esq., 
of  Freeby,  h.  1817,  J. P.,  D.L.,  M.P.  for  Blackburn,  1875  to 
1880).  Enn.  across  engr.  sa.  fretty  ar.  in  the  Ist  and  4th 
quarters  a  chaplet  of  oak  vert.  Crent—TUe  battlements  of  a 
t'jwrr  surmounted  by  a  ihcuf  of  seven  arrows  ppr.  bandvd 
together  gu.  betw.  two  branches  of  oak  vert. 

Tilney  (George  Adams  Tilnet,  Esq.,  of  Watts  House, 
Bioh'ips  Lydeurd,  Taunton,  co.  Somerset).  Or  two  chevronels 
bclw.  three  grifTlnB'  heads  erused  az.  on  a  chief  engr.  of 
the  last  three  annuleU  of  the  first.     Crest — In  front  of  a 


mount  vert  the  battlements  of  a  tower  ppr.  therefrom  a 
griffin's  head  gu.  issuunt  from  leaves  alternately  arg.  and 
az.     Motto — Sperando  spiro. 

Tindal-Carill-Worsley   (Piatt    Hall,    co.    Lancaster). 

See  WoRsLEY. 
Tod-Mercer.    See  Mercer. 
Todhunter  (Isaac  Todhcnter,  M.A.,    F.R.S.,  St.  John's 

College,  Cambridge).  Vert  on  a  fesse  with  cottises  invected 
betw.  three  french  horns  ar.  a  fox  current  ppr.  Crest — In 
front  of  a  gate  sa.  a  foxhound  current  ppr. 

Toler-Ayl'ward.    Sec  Aylward. 

Tolhtirst  (Alfred  Tolhubst,  Esq.,  Gravesend,  co.  Kent.)- 
Per  fesse  sa.  and  or,  in  chief  two  bells  of  the  last  and  in  base 
upon  a  mount  a  hurst  ppr.  Cre^t— Upon  a  mount  vert  a 
wolf  reguard  sa.  collared  or,  resting  the  dexter  forepawona 
bell  also  or.     Motto — Ne  cede  malis. 

Tomlinson  (Heysham  House,  co.  Lancaster,  and  Richmond 
Terrace,  Whitehall,  London ;  William  Edward  Mdrrat 
Tomlinson,  Esq.,  M.P.  for  Preston,  M.A.  Christ  Church, 
Oxford,  eldest  son  of  Thomas  Tomlinson,  Esq.,  Bencher 
of  the  Inner  Temple,  in  the  Hall  of  which  Society  the  Amis 
are  emblazoned,  Ar.  three  greyhounds  current  in  pale  sa. 
on  a  chief  engr.  az.  three  cix)ss  crosslets  or.  Crest — On  a 
mount  vert  a  savage  ppr.  wreathed  about  the  temples  ar.  and 
sa.  charged  on  the  breast  with  a  cross  crosslet  gu.  across 
the  sinister  shoulder  a  bearskin,  and  holding  with  both  hands 
in  bend  a  spear  headed  at  either  end  also  ppr.  Motto — 
Propositi  tenax. 

Tooke.    See  Hales-Tooke. 

Tottenham  (confirmed,  1879,  to  Charles  Robert  Worslet 
Tottenham,  Esq.,  of  Tottenham  Green,  co.  Wexford,  of 
Woodstock,  CO.  Wicklow,  and  of  Plas  Berwyn,  co.  Denbigh, 
and  to  the  descendants  John  Tottenham,  of  Barrington, 
CO.  Cambridge,  the  first  of  the  family  settled  in  Ireland). 
Gu.  three  bars  dancettee  ar.  Crest — A  lion  ramp.  gu.  armed 
and  langued  az.     Motto — Ad  astra  scquor. 

Townley-Parker  (Cuerden  and  Rnyle,  co.  Lancaster; 
exemplified  to  Thomas  Townley  Townley-Parker,  Esq.,  of 
Cuerden,  Charnock,  and  Royle  (eldest  son  of  Robert 
Townley  Parker,  Esq.,  M.P.,  of  Cuerden,  deceased,  who 
was  grandson  of  Robert  Parker,  Esq.,  of  Cuerden,  by  Anne, 
his  wife,  dau.  and  heiress  of  Thomas  Townley,  Esq.,  of 
Royle,  on  his  taking  by  royal  licence  the  additional  prefix 
surname  and  arms  of  Townley).  Quarterly,  Ist  and  4th 
Parker  :  Gu.  a  chev.  betw.  three  leopards'  heads  or,  in  the 
mouth  of  each  an  arrow  fesseways  ar.;  2nd  and  3rd, 
Townley:  Ar.  on  a  fcs.se  sa.  a  cinqucfoil  or,  in  chief  three 
mulletsof  the  second.  Crests — 1st,  Parker:  A  buck  trippant 
ppr.  transpierced  through  the  body  with  an  arrow  paleways 
point  downwards  ar.  ;  2nd,  Townley  ;  On  a  perch  sa.  a 
sparrow-hawk  ppr. 

Travers  (co.  Cork  ;  reg.  by  Molyneux,  Ulster).  Sa.  a  chev. 
betw.  in  chief  two  escallops  and  in  ba.se  a  boar's  head  couped 
ar.     Crest — An  heraldic  tiger  statant  gu. 

Travers  (Clarke-Travers,  Ro.ssmore,  co.  Cork,  bart., 
page  102.')).  The  following  is  the  correct  blazon  of  ilu" 
baronet's  Arms,  &c. — Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  sa.  a  ehev.  ar. 
betw.  in  chief  two  escallops  and  in  base  a  boar's  head  erased 
of  the  second,  for  Travers;  2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  on  abend  gu. 
cottised  az.  betw.  three  pellets  an  antique  crown  or,  betwixt 
two  swans  close  of  the  flrst,  for  Clarke.  Crests — 1st, 
Travers  :  An  heraldic  tiger  pass.  ar. ;  2nd,  Clarke  :  On  the 
stump  of  a  tree  couped,  eradicated,  and  .sprouting  on  each 
side,  a  lark  perched  ppr.  wings  expanded,  holding  in  the 
beak  two  wheal  ears  or.  Mottoes — Nee  teniere  nectiinide; 
and  Constantid  et  fidclitate. 

Trayner  (Edinburgh,  1878).  Az.  on  a  fe.sse  betw.  two 
esquires  helmets  plumed  in  chief  and  a  fraise  in  base  ar. 
a  .saltirc  .sa.  Crist— \  lion  sejant  gu.  Motto— Var  loi  et 
droit. 

Treby  (co.  Devon).  Sa.  a  lion  ramp.  ar.  gorged  with  a 
collar  vatre  enninois  and  a*,  in  chief  three  bezants.  Crest 
— A  demi  lion  ar.  gorged  with  a  collar  a.s  in  the  arms. 

Treby  /Phillipps-Tbeby,  Goodamoor,  Plympton  St.  Mary, 
CO.  Devon  ;  Thomas  Winsloe,  Esq  ,  assunu'd  by  royal  licence 
8  Nov.,  1798,  the  surname  and  arms  of  Phillipps  only.  He 
»ft.  Elieareth  Pomeroy  Carpenter,  and  had  a  son,  Thomas 
John  Phillipps,  Esq.,  of  I..andue,  t-o.  Cornwall,  J. P.,  6.  31 
Jan.  1798,  )/(.  Caroline,  dau.  of  Paul  Treby  Treby,  Esq., 
of  Goodamoor,  and  d.  IShh,  leaving,  with  other  issue,  liis 
eldest  son,  Padl  Winsloe  Phillipps,  Major-Oen.  Royal  Regt. 
of  Artillery,  J. P.,  6.  1824,  who  inherited  Goodamoor,  under 


TRE 


SUPPLEMENT. 


WAL 


the  will  of  his  maternal  uncle,  Paul  Ocbbt  Tbkbt,  Esq.,  of 
Goodamoor,  and  assumed  by  royal  licence,  1877,  the 
additional  surname  and  arms  of  Treby.  ^rm«— exemplified 
15  March,  1877).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  Tbebt:  Sa.  a  hon 
ramp.  ar.  gorged  with  a  collar  vaire  erminois  and  az.  in  chief 
three  bezants  ;  2nd  and  3rJ,  Phillipps,  of  Landue  (which 
see).  Cre.^U — 1st  Tbkbt:  A  demi  lion  ar.  gorged  with  a 
collar  as  in  tlie  arms ;  2nd,  Phillipps,  of  Landue.  Motto — 
Benovato  nomine;  and  Ce  m'est  egal. 

Tregoningr  (John  Simmons  Tbegoning,  Esq.,  of  Landue, 
near  Launcesten,  and  Iscoed,  near  Carmarthen,  J. P.,  for  cos. 
Cornwall  and  Carmarthen).  Ar.  on  a  mount  vert  a  stag 
lodged  in  front  of  three  oak  trees  ppr.  a  chief  az.  thereon  a 
passion  cross  belw.  two  mullets  of  the  field.  Crest — Jn  front 
of  a  rock  ppr.  thereon  a  castle  ar.  a  stag  lodged  or.  Motto 
— Semper  paratus  semper  tutus. 

Trenchard  (Cutteridge,  Wilts;  in  the  parish  church  of 
North  Bradley  is  a  monument  to  William  Tbenchard, 
Esq.,  J. P.,  of  Cutteridge,  in  Bradley,  who  d.  22  Aug.  1713). 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  per  pale  ar.  and  az.  on  the  first  three 
palets  sa.;  2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  a  saltire  sa.  His  wife,  who  is 
described  as  a  dau.  of  Sir  Geobge  Norton,  of  Abbot's  Leigh, 
Somei-set,  has  her  An)is  impaled  with  those  of  her  husband. 
Or,  two  bars  gu.  on  a  chief  ar.  an  inscutcheon  erm. 

Trevor  (Hill  -  Trevor,  Baron  Trevor).  Quanerly,  1st  and 
4th,  per  bend  sinister  erm.  and  ermines,  a  lion  ramp,  or 
for  Tbevor  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  sa.  on  a  fesse  ar.  betw.  three 
leopards  pass,  guard,  or,  spotted  of  the  field,  as  many 
escallops  gu.,  for  Hill.  Crests — 1st,  Tbevob  :  A  wyvem  sa.  ; 
2nd,  Hill:  A  reindeer's  head  couped  gu.  attired  and 
collared  or. 

Trundle  (Great  Baddow,  co.  Essex  ;  granted,  10  Sept.  1785. 
to  Thomas  Tbondle,  Esq.,  of  Crosby  Square  and  Brunswick 
Square,  London,  only  son  of  RobebtTrcndle,  Esq.,  of  Great 
Baddow,  represented  by  the  issue  of  Charles  Ehbet  Groveb, 
Esq.,  of  Hemel  Hempsted,  co.  Hertford).  Gu.  a  lion  pass, 
or,  on  a  chief  ar.  three  bees  ppr.  Crest— An  arm  couped  at 
the  elbow  issuant  bendways,  vested  sa.  charged  with  a 
bezant,  cuff  ar.,  in  the  hand  a  pen  ppr.  Motlo — Be  just 
and  fear  not. 

Tweedmouth,  Baron.    See  Mabjobibanes. 

Twells  (Rev.  Henry  Twells,  M.X.,  Rector  of  Waltham,  co. 
Leicester).  Or,  on  a  fess  wavy  cottised,  also  wavy  gu.  betw. 
six  fountains  a  Tau  of  the  first.  Crest — On  a  fountain  a  swan 
ar.  beaked  and  legged  sa.  Motto  —  Benedicite  fontes 
domino. 

Tyrell  (Tcfnell-Ttbell,  Boreham,  co.  Essex ;  exemplified 
to  John  Lionel  Tcfnell,  Esq.,  son  of  William  Michael 
Tcfnell,  Esq.,  of  Hatfield,  same  co.,  D.L.,  by  Eliza 
Isabella,  his  wife,  eldest  dau.  and  co-heir  of  Sir  John 
Tyssen  Tybell,  2nd  bart.  of  Boreham,  upun  his  assuming  by 
royal  licence,  1878,  the  additional  surname  and  arms  of 
Tybell).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  Tybell,  see  Tybell,  hart., 
of  Boreham ;  2nd  and  3rd,  Tufnell,  see  that  name.  Crests 
— 1st,  Tybell;  2Bd,  Tcfnell 

Tyson  (Maryport,  co.  Cumberland ;  Edward  Tyson,  Esq.). 
Vert,  gutte  d'eau,  three  lions  ramp.  ar.  each  holding  in  the 
dexter  paw  a  torch  erect,  fired,  ppr.  Crest — A  demi  lion 
vert  guttee  d'eau,  holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a  torch  as  in 
the  arms,  and  resting  the  sinister  on  a  rose  gu.  barbed  and 
seeded  ppr.    iV/o£(o— Fortiter  et  vigilanter. 


UNIVERSITY  OF  IRELAND,  ROTAL(granted 
1881,  consequent  on  the  institution  of  the  University  by 
royal  charter,  dated  27  April,  ISoO).  Per  saltire  erm.  and 
ermines  an  open  book  ppr.  clasped  and  surmounted  by  the 
royal  crown  or  betw.  four  escutcheons,  two  in  pale  and  two 
in  fess,  the  escutcheons  in  pale  representing  respectively 
the  Arms  of  the  provinces  of  Leinsteb  and  Mcnster,  viz., 
Leinster:  Vert,  an  Irish  harp  or,  stringed  ar. ;  and 
Mcnster:  Az.  three  antique  crowns  or:  the  escutcheons 
in  fess  representing  respectively  th3  Anns  of  the  provinces 
of  DLSTEBand  Connacoht,  viz.,  Ulsteb:  Or,  across  gu.  on 
an  escutcheon  ar.  a  dexter  hand  couped,  also  gu. ;  and 
Connacoht  :  Per  pale  ar.  and  az.  on  the  dexter  a  dimidiated 
eagle  displ.  aa.  and  on  the  sinister,  conjoined  therewith  at 
the  shoulder,  a  sinister  arm  embowed  ppr.  sleeved  of  the 
first,  holding  a  sword  erect,  also  ppr. 


VALIANT  (Major-Gen.).  Per  chev.  embattled  vert  and 
gu.  in  chief  two  garbs  or,  and  in  base  as  many  scimitairs 
saltirewise  ppr.  surmounted  by  a  leopard's  face  or. 

Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone  {Baron  Derwent).  See 
Johnstone. 

Vaugrlian  (Quilly,  co.  Down;  confirmed  to  Georob  Moh't- 
gomery  Vacghan,  Esq.,  of  Quilly,  son  and  heir  of  George 
Vacohan,  Esq.,  of  Quilly,  and  grandson  of  George  Vacghan, 
Esq.,  also  of  Quilly,  and  to  the  other  descendants  of  his  said 
grandfather).  Per  pale  sa.  and  az.  on  a  chev.  engr.  ar. 
betw.  three  boys'  heads  couped  at  the  shoulders  and  entwined 
round  the  neck  with  snakes  all  ppr.  a  cross  of  Ulster  gu. 
Crtsi — A  boy's  head,  as  in  the  arms,  charged  on  the  neck 
with  a  cross  of  Ulster  gu.     Motto — Honeste  audax. 

Vickers  (SbefiBeld,  co.  York).    Ar.  on  a  cross  flory  gu.  five 
mullets  of  six  points  of  the   first  a  chief  sa.  thereon  three 
millrinds  or.     Crest — Two  arms  embowed  vested  gu.  cuffed 
'  ar.  the  hands  ppr.  holding  a  millrind  or.     Motto — Vigore. 

Vivian  (Singleton  and  Park  Wem,  co.  Glamorgan,  bart. ; 
created  13  May,  1882).  Or,  on  a  chev.  az.  betw.  three  lions' 
heads  erased  ppr.  as  many  annulets  of  the  field,  a  chief 
embattled  gu.  thereon  a  wreath  of  oak  of  the  first,  betw. 
two  martlets  ar.  Crest — Issuant  from  a  bridge  of  one  arch 
embattled  at  each  end,  a  tower  ppr.  a  demi-hussar  of  His 
Majesty's  ISth  regiment  of  dragoons  (hussars),  habited, 
armed,  and  accoutred,  holding  in  his  dexter  hand  a  sabre, 
all  ppr.  and  in  his  sinister  a  pennon  flying  to  the  sinister,  gtx. 
Motto — Vive  revicturus. 

Vo'wles  Brisington,  co.  Somerset;  William  Vowles,  Esq.). 
Az.  a  cock's  head  erased  or  betw.  three  bezants,  each 
charged  with  a  rose  gu.  barbed  ppr.  Crest — Upon  a  rock 
ppr.  a  cock  or,  the  dexter  foot  resting  on  an  escocheon  also 
or,  charged  with  a  rose  gu.  barbed  ppr.  Motto — Perse- 
verantia. 


W 

WADDINO-TON  (Waddinoton  in  Cba\-bn,  Yorkshire, 
Alice,  dau.  and  heiress  of  William  de  Waddington, 
feudal  Lord  of  Waddington,  m.  temp.  Edward  I.,  Sir 
Roger  Tempest,  of  Bracewell,  ancestor,  by  her,  of  the 
Tempests  of  Bracewell,  Tong,  Broughton,  Studley,  Stella, 
W^ynyard,  ifec).  Arg.  a  chev.  between  three  martlets 
gu.  (sometimes  sa.).  The  Waddington  arms  are 
erroneously  given  at  p.  1060.  The  error  arose  from 
a  mistake  made  by  Warburton,  in  the  Visitation 
of  1666.  One  of  the  Waddington's  of  Otierbum 
and  Allerton  Gledhow,  co.  York,  m.  the  ht-iress  of  John 
Thwaites,  whose  arms  were  arg.  on  a  fess.  betw.  three  fleurs- 
deUs  gu.  as  many  bezants,  and  this  coat  was  ascribed 
incorrectly  to  Waddington,  his  son-in-law.  Of  the  Wad- 
dingtons  of  York.shire,  M.  Waddington,  French  Ambassador 
at  the  Court  of  St.  James's,  is  a  descendant. 

Wade-Dalton  (Hawxwell  Hall,  co.  York).    See  Dalton. 

Walker  (Kebrich-Walker,  Newker  House,  Chester-le» 
Street,  co.  Durham;  exemplified  to  Henry  Walker  Kerbich, 
Esq.,  eldest  son  of  Edward  Kerrich,  Esq.,  of  Arnolds,  co. 
Surrey,  and  grandson  of  John  Kebrich,  Esq.,  of  Harleston, 
CO.  Norfolk,  by  Elizabeth,  his  wife,  dau.  of  John  Walker, 
Esq.,  of  Walls  End,  co.  Northumberland,  upon  his  assuming 
by  royal  licence,  1877,  the  additional  surname  of  Walker, 
in  compliance  with  the  will  of  John  Walker,  Esq.,  of  Steb- 
bing  Hall,  in  the  latter  co.).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  ar.  a 
fesse  embattled,  counter  embattled  with  plain  cottises  sa.  in 
chief  a  quatrefoil  betw.  two  crescents  and  in  base  a  crescent 
betw.  two  qualrefoils  gu.,  for  Walker;  2nd  and  3rd,  sa.  on 
pileagu.  betw.  two  galtraps  or,  a  galtrap  of  the  field,  for 
Kerrich.  Crests — Ist,  Walker:  In  front  of  a  greyhound's 
head  couped  ar.  gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  sa.  a  crescent 
gu. ;  2nd,  Kebrich  :  In  front  of  two  .spears  in  saltire  ppr.  a 
galtrap  sa.    Motto — Faire  sans  dire. 

Walker  (Scotland,  1881).     Or,  a  saltire  sa.  on  a  chief  erm.  a 

cross  moline  of  the  second  betw.  two  pallets  gu.     Crest A 

staghound's  head  ppr.  collared  or.     Motto — Sapere  aude. 

Walton  (Henry  Crane  Walton,  Esq.,  Preston,  co.  .Lan- 
caster). Sa.  three  swans  ar.  on  a  chief  of  the  last,  as  many 
pallets  gu.,  each  charged  with  a  buckle  or.  Crest— A  wild- 
man,  wreathed  about  the  temples  and  waist  with  oak  leaves, 
over  the  dexter  shoulder  a  chain  in  bend  sinister,  supporting 


WAN 


SUPPLEMENT. 


WHI 


with  the  dexter  hand  an  axe,  head  downwards,  and  holding 
in  the  sinister  hand  an  oak  sapling  eradicated  and  sprouting, 
all  ppr. 

Wandesforde  (Prior- Wandesfobde;  exemplified  to  Sarah 
Prior- Wandesforue,  widow  of  Rev.  John  Prior,  of  Mount 
Dillon,  CO.  Dublin,  and  only  surviving  dau.  of  Hon.  Charles 
Harward  Bdtler-Clarke-Soithwell-Wandesfobde,  of 
Castlecomer,  co.  Kilkenny,  on  lier  a.'ssuming  by  royal 
licence,  30  Aug.  1882,  the  additional  surname  and  arms  of 
V7andesporde).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  Wandesforde:  Or, 
a  lion  ramp,  double  queued  az.  armed  and  langued  gu. : 
2nd  and  3rd,  Prior:  Vert,  on  a  bend  erm.  three  chevronels 
gu.  Ci-t.v(«— (exemplified  for  the  male  descendants  of  the 
said  Sarah  Priob-W'andesforde),  1st,  Wandesforde:  A 
church  ppr.  the  spire  az.,  over  it  the  motto  Pour  I'eglise: 
2nd,  Prior  :  An  estoile  vert,  over  it  the  motto  Quis  audeat 
luci  aggredi? 

Warren-Swettenham.    See  Swettenham. 

Warrin^on  (Thomas  Warrington,  Esq.,  of  Durham 
Villas,  Phillimore  Gardens,  Kensington).  Ar.  on  a  bend 
invected  gu.  betw.  two  bulls'  heads  erased  sa.  three  eagles 
displ.  of  the  first.  CrcU — A  demi  eagle  displ.  and  erased  sa. 
charged  on  the  breast  with  a  shield  ar.  thereon  a  bull's  head 
as  in  the  arms  and  holding  in  the  beak  a  cross  pattee  fitchce 
gu.     Motto — Constantia  et  labore. 

"Waterfall  (Rev.  George  Howard  Waterfall,  M.A. 
Eector  of  Tollard  Royal,  Salisbury,  co.  Wilts,  and  the  other 
descendants  of  his  father,  John  Gray  Waterfall).  Sa. 
gutte  d'cau  on  a  pale  ar.  betw.  two  pallets  wavy  of  the  last 
three  fountains.  Crtst — In  front  of  a  demi  eagle  wings 
addorsed  sa.  holding  in  the  beak  an  escallop  or,  a  fountain. 
3/o(to— Aqua  cadit  resurgere. 

Waterlow  (Alfred  James  Waterlow,  Esq.,  J. P.,  Member 
of  the  Common  Council  of  the  City  of  London,  and  his  son, 
Alderman  Herbert  J.  Waterlow,  Sheriff  of  London  and 
Middlesex,  1881).  Ar.  a  lion  ramp,  within  a  bordure  nebuly 
az.  on  a  chief  sa.  two  shin  bones  saltirewise,  the  dexter  sur- 
mounted by  the  sinister  or.  Creft — A  demi  lion  guard. 
az.  in  the  mouth  a  shin  bone  in  bend  and  holding  betw.  the 
paws  a  human  skull  both  or.     Motto — Per  mortem  vinco. 

Watkin  (Rose  Hill,  Northenden,  co.  Chester,  hart.  Created 
12  May,  1880).  Ar.  gulte  de  poix  a  leopard's  face  jes.sant- 
de-lis  az.  betw.  three  harvest  files  volant  ppr.  Crest — A 
cock's  head  eouped  transfixed  through  the  mouth  by  a  tilting 
spear  pale«ise  all  ppr.     Motto — Sale  and  doe. 

Wateon  {Baron  ]\'atMn).  Or,  an  oak  tree  ppr.  growing 
out  of  a  mount  in  base  vert  surmounted  of  a  fesse  erm. 
charged  with  two  mullets  az.  CreH — The  stump  of  an  oak  tree 
with  two  branches  sprouting  from  it  and  grasped  on  either 
side  by  a  hand  issuing  from  a  cloud,  all  ppr.  Supporters — 
On  the  dexter  side  a  highland  deerhound  ppr.  and  on  the 
sinister  side  a  lion  ar.  each  charged  on  the  shoulder  with  a 
thistle  leaved  and  slipped  ppr.     Motto — A  Deo  floruit. 

Watson  (Henry  Edward  Watson,  Esq.,  of  Shirccliffe  Hall, 
Sheffield,  co.  York).  Or,  a  pale  gu.  surmouiited  by  a  chev. 
Invected  thereon  three  crescents  betw.  as  many  martlets  all 
counterchanged.  Crest — In  front  of  an  eagle's  head  eouped 
gu.  gorged  with  p  crown  vallcry  three  crescents  all  or. 

W^atson  (John  Watson,  Esq.,  Whitney  Terrace,  Bowdon,  co. 
ChpHter,  and  Thomas  Clemans  Watson,  Esq.,  Holland  Park, 
London).  Az.  on  a  chev.  ncbulce  betw.  in  chief  two  martlets 
and  in  base  a  rose  ar.  as  many  crescents  of  the  first.  Crest 
— In  front  of  a  griffin's  head  erased  az.  collared  gemel  ar. 
holding  in  the  beak  two  white  rosea  slipped  and  leaved  ppr. 
an  escutcheon  also  ar.  charged  with  a  martlet  also  az. 
Motto — Esto  quod  esse  videris. 

Watson  (I^ngley,  co.  Bucks,  late  Scotland).  Ar.  an  oak 
tree  pj^r.  growing  out  of  a  mount  in  base  vert  surmounted 
of  a  feK.te  sa.  charged  with  three  stars  of  six  points  of  the 
first ;  en  surlout,  ar.  a  cross  flory  vert  betw.  four  martlets  gu. 
a  chief  dovetail  uz.,  for  Bird.  Crest— An  oak  tree  ppr. 
growing  out  of  a  mount  vert.     Motto — Klorescit. 

Watt  (CJibson-Watt,  Doldowlod,  co.  Radnor;  exemplified 
to-JAMyjt  Watt-Ojbson,  Esq.,  upon  his  assuming,  by  royal 
licence,  the  additional  surnuiiic  of  Watt).  (Quarterly,  Island 
4th,  hurry  of  six  or  and  az.  over  all  a  club  in  bend  sinister 
surmnunted  by  u  caduceus  sultirewise  all  ppr.,  for  Watt  ; 
2nd  and  Srd,  az.  on  a  fesse  engr.  betw.  two  keys  fes.sewise 
wards  downwards  az.  a  like  key  of  the  Held,  for  Gibson. 
CrtAt'—]»l,  Watt:  Upon  a  ferde-mollne  fessewise  or,  an 
elsphsnt  tlatont   ppr.  charged  on  the    body  witli  a  cross 


moline  gold;  2nd,  Gibson:  Upon  a  key  fessewise  wards 
downwards  az.  a  pelican  in  her  piety  or,  wings  addorsed  az. 
senile  of  crescents  ar.     Motto — Pandite  coelestes  portae. 

Weldon  (Shottisbrook,  co.  Berks,  William  Weldon,  of 
Sliottisbrook,  temy).  Charles  I.,  ni.  Margaret,  dau.  and  co-heir 
of  Clarke  of  Streatley,  same  CO.,  and  had  William,  Richard, 
George,  John,  Robert,  Charles,  and  Thomas,  Visit.  Berks, 
1665).  Ar.  acinquefoil  gu,  on  a  chief  of  the  second  a  demi 
lion  ramp,  of  the  field,  quartering  ar.  on  a  chev.  sa,  three 
e.scallops  or,  on  a  chief  of  the  second  a  lion  pass,  regard. 
Crtsl — .\  demi  lion  ramp.  ar.  gutted  de  sang. 

Weldon  (Cookham,  co.  Berks,  Georoe  Weldon,  of  Cookhara. 
William  Weldon  of  same  place,  b.  1614,  and  Christian 
Weldon,  sons  of  George  Weldon  of  same  place,  d.  161G, 
Visit.  Berks,  1665).     Same  Arms  and  Crest. 

Weston  (Joseph  Dodge  Weston,  Esq.,  four  years  Mayor  of 
Bristol).  Ar.  on  a  fess  sa.  an  eagle's  head  era.sed  betw.  two 
fleurs-de-lis  or,  in  chief  an  arm  enibowed,the  hand  grasping 

a  sei-pent  entwined  about  the  arm  ppr.,  the  whole  within  a 

bordure  nebuly  gu.  charged  with  eight  bezants.  Crest — Upon 
a  mount  vert  an  eagle's  head  erased  or,  around  the  neck  a 

ribbon  gu.  pendent  therefrom  an  escocheon  sa.  charged  with 

an  estoile  gold.     Mntto — Semper  sursum. 

Wells  (Bart.).  Az.  a  lion  ramp.  ar.  holding  betw.  the  paws 
a  horse  shoe  or,  in  chief  a  serpent  nowcd  of  the  last.  Crest — 
In  front  of  a  demi  ostrich  displ.  ar.  holding  in  the  beak  a 
horse  shoe  or,  a  serpent  nowed  ppr.  il/ot(6— In  scientia 
Veritas,  in  arte  honestas. 

West  (Sackville-West,  Baron  SackciUe).  Quarterly,  1st 
and  4th,  ar.  a  fesse  dancettce  sa.,  for  WfcsT;  2nd  and 
3rd,  quarterly,  or  and  gu.  a  bend  vair,  for  Sackville.  C)-ests 
— 1st,  West:  Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a  griffin's  head  az. 
beaked  and  eared  gold  ;  2nd,  Sackville:  Out  of  a  coronet  com- 
posed of  fleurs-de-lis  or,  an  estoile  ar.  Stipjtorters — On  either 
side  a  griffin  a,z.  gorged  with  a  ducal  coronet  or,  therefrom 
pendent  on  the  dexter  an  escutcheon  of  the  arms  of  West, 
and  on  the  sinister  an  escutcheon  of  the  arms  of  Sackville. 
Motto — Jour  de  ma  vie. 

WharnclifFe,  Earl  of.    See  Mackenzie. 

Whitburn  (C.  J.  Sofer  M'hitburn,  Esq.,  16,  Ennismore 
Gardens,  London).  Az.  a  lion  ramp.  ar.  holding  betw.  the 
paws  a  bezant,  on  a  chief  or,  a  palet  gu.  charged  with  two 
swords  in  saltire  points  upwards  ppr.  betw.  as  many  mullets 
of  six  points  of  the  first.  Crest — An  eagle's  head  erased  az. 
charged  with  a  mullet  of  six  points  arg.  and  holding  in  the 
beak  a  bezant.     Motto — Virtus  difflcilia  vincit. 

Wnite  (Kilbyme  and  Nursctown,  co.  Cork.  Confirmed  to 
James  Grove  White,  Esq.,  Captain  Duke  of  Cambridge's 
Own  Middlesex  Regt.  and  to  the  other  descendants  of  John 
White,  Esq.,  of  Kilburne,  son  of  the  marriage  in  Nov.  1694, 
of  James  White,  Jun.,  of  Dronianagh,  in  the  Barony  of 
Decies,  co.  Waterford,  with  Grace,  dau.  and  heir  of  John 
Grove,  Esq.,  of  Caliirduggan  and  Kilburne,  co.  Cork). 
Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  ar.  on  a  chev.  gu.  betw.  three  roses 
of  the  last  barbed  vert  seeded  gold  a  cross  pattee  or,  for 
White;  2nd  and  3rd,  erm.  on  a  chev.  engr.  gu.  three 
escallops  ar.,  for  Grove.  Cre.it — A  dexter  arm  in  armour 
embowed  holding  in  the  hand  a  dagger  all  ppr.  the  arm 
charged  with  a  cross  pattee  or.  Motto — Nounssez  I'es- 
pe  ranee. 

Whitehead  (Tayi.or-Whitehead,  Burton  Closes,  Bake- 
well,  CO.  Derby  ;  S.mith  Taylor,  Esq.,  only  son  of 
Georoe  Taylor,  Esq.,  of  Spring  Side,  Lees,  co.  Lancaster  ; 
in.  1863,  Alice  Jane  Whitehead,  niece  and  hejre.ss  of 
William  Whitehead,  Esq.,  of  Dobcross,  co.  York,  and 
a.ssumed,  by  royal  licence,  1866,  the  surname  of  Whitehead). 
Ar.  a  fesse  dancett(5e  az.  betw.  in  chief  two  taus,  and  in  base 
a  pheon  gu.  Crest — In  front  of  a  tau  gu.  a  pheon  ar.  Moilo 
— Cruce  non  hasta. 

Whitfeld  (Haniesey  House,  near  Lewes,  co  Su.'scx,  as 
borne  by  GF,oR(iE  Whitfeld,  Esq.,  of  thai  place,  J.  P.,  ninth 
in  descent  from  Robert  Whitfeld  of  Wadhurst).  Ar.  a 
bend  plain  within  two  cotises  engr.  sa.  Crest — <)ut  of  a 
pullisade  crown  ar.  a  buck's  head  or.  Motto — Medio  tutis 
Biiiius  ibis. 

Whitney  (Fetherston-Whitney,  exemplified  to  John 
Henry  Ketiikbston-Whitnev,  lOsq.,  of  New  Pass,  co.  Wesl- 
nieath,  grand-nepliew  of  Elizabeth  Westby,  widow  of 
William  Westby,  of  Thomliill,  co.  Dublin,  and  dau.  of 
George  Boleyn  Whitney,  of  New  Pass,  co.  W(tslmeath, 
decea.sed,  on  his  assuming,  by  royal  licence,  26  Oct.,  1880, 
the  additional  surname  and  arms  of  Whitney).     Quarterly 


WHI 


SUPPLEMENT. 


WOB 


l9t  and  4th,  az.  a  cross  chequy  or  and  sa.  in  ttie  dexter 
quarter  a  crescent  of  the  second,  for  Whitney;  2nd  and  3rd, 
gu.  on  a  chev.  betw.  tliree  ostrich  feathers  ar.  a  pellet,  for 
Fethebston.  Cre.its — lit,  Whitney:  A  bull's  head  couped 
sa.  homed  ar.  tipped  gu,  gorged  with  a  collar  chequy  or  and 
sa.  ;  2nd,  Fetherston  :  An  antelope  statant  ar.  armed  or. 
Motto— Volens  et  valens. 

Whitney  (Fethebston- Whitney,  exemplified  to  Henbt 
Ernest  Willia.m  Fetuebstonhaugh-Whitnet,  Esq.,  Capt. 
7th  Batt.  King's  Royal  Rifle  Corps,  brother  of  the 
foregoing  John-Henry  Fetuerston-Whitney,  Esq.,  on  his 
a.ssuming,  by  royal  licence,  23  Aug.,  1881,  the  additional 
surname  and  arms  of  Whitney).  Same  Amis,  Crest,  and 
Motto. 

Wig'an  (Fbedk.  Wioan,  Esq.,  of  Clare  Lawn,  Surrey).  Vair 
on  a  pile  or  a  mount  in  ba.se  vert  thereon  a  mountain  ash 
tree  ppr.  Crest— Upon  a  mount  a  mountain  ash  tree,  sur- 
mounted by  a  rainbow,  all  ppr. 

"Wilcox  (Creswell,  parish  of  Bray,  co.  Berks,  Thomas  Wil- 
cox, snn  of  Thomas  Wilcox,  of  Creswell,  d.  1662,  and 
grandson  of  Eichard  Wilcox,  of  Tysoe,  co.  Warwick; 
Visit.  Berks,  1665).  Gu.  a  lion  ramp.  ar.  on  a  chief  of  the 
second  three  Cornish  choughs  sa. 

Whiles  (Charles  Barsham  Wiles,  Esq.,  of  Attleborough,  co. 
Norfolk,  and  the  other  descendants  of  his  father,  William 
Wiles,  Esq.,  of  Waterbeach,  co.  Cambridge).  Ar.  three  bars 
az.  each  charged  with  as  many  cross  crosslets  tilchee  of  the 
first,  all  betw.  two  flaunches  of  the  second.  Cie??— Upon  a 
rock  ppr.  three  arrows,  one  in  pale  and  two  in  saltire  az. 
interlaced  with  a  Catherine  wheel  ar.  Motto — (Equam 
servare  mentem. 

Williams  (Appledore,  co.  Devon,  and  St.  Edmunds  Terrace, 
Regent's  Park,  co.  Middlesex:  John  Edger  Williams,  Esq., 
son  of  William  Williams,  Esq.,  of  Northam,  co.  Devon,  by 
Betty,  his  wife,  rtau.,  and  heir  of  C«sab  Edger,  Esq., 
representative  of  an  ancient  family  long  settled  in  co. 
Devon,  whose  name  was  spelled  Adgeb  from  a.d.  1450  to 
teriip.  George  HI.).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  ar.  on  a  pile  az. 
betw.  two  horses'  heads,  erased  in  base,  a  like  horse's  head, 
each  charged  with  a  trefoil  slipped,  all  counterchanged  for 
Williams  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  gu.  on  a  fesse  raguly  or,  three 
pellets  in  chief  a  fleur-de-lis  betw.  two  escallops,  and  in  base 
an  escallop  betw.  two  fleurs-de-lis  ar.  for  Edger.  Cre.H — 
In  front  of  two  spears  in  saltire  ppr.  a  horse's  head  erased 
per  pale  ar.  and  az.  charged  with  a  trefoil  slipped  counter- 
changed.     Motto — Nulla  dies  sine  linca. 

Williams  (Beaumaris,  co.  Anglesey).  Ar.  a  lion  pass.  sa. 
gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  or,  in  chief  a  quatrefoil  betw. 
two.  fleurs-de-lis,  and  in  base  a  fleur-de-lis  betw.  two  quatre- 
foils  gu.  Crest — A  lion  pass  sa.  semee  of  quatrcfoils  and 
gorged  with  a  coUar  gemel  ar.  holding  in  the  dexter  forepaw 
a  fleur-de-lis  gu. 

Williams  (Mugmoor,  co.  Gloucester ;  Rev.  George 
Williams,  of  Mugmoor,  left  an  only  dau.  and  heiress  ;  ?/i. 
William  Wright  Hoole,  Esq.,  of  Ravenfield,  co.  Vork).  Or, 
on  a  fesse  engr.  betw.  three  bull's  heads  cabossed  sa.  two 
bezants. 

W^illmott  (Cheltenham,  co.  Gloucester :  registered  to 
Henry  Willmott,  Esq.,  of  that  place).  Gyronny  of  eight  ar. 
and  or,  a  lion  ramp,  guard,  sa.  betw.  in  chief  two  leopards' 
fisices,  and  in  base  a  pa.s.sion  cross  gu.  Cre.<t — A  riemi  lion 
guard  sa.  gorged  with  a  collar  pendent  therefrom  an 
escutcheon  or,  resting  the  sinister  paw  on  an  escutcheon 
also  or,  charged  with  a  passion  cross  gu.  Motto — Migremus 
hinc. 

Willougllby  (Dbummond  -  WiLLODGHBY,  Barnness  Wil- 
loughbi/  d' Eresby,  pages  302  and  1117).  The  Arras  of 
Clementina-Elizabeth,  Baroness  WiUouyhhy  d'Eresby,  are: 
— Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  or,  fretty  az. ;  2nd  and  3rd,  or, 
three  bars  wavy  gu.  Supporters — Dexter,  a  pilgrim,  or 
friar,  vested  in  rus.set,  with  his  crutch  and  rosary  or;  Sinister, 
a  savage,  wreathed  about  the  temples  and  waist  with  ivy, 
all  ppr. 

Wilson  (Western  Bank,  Sheffield,  co.  York).  Ar.  a  ?.olf 
ramp.  ppr.  betw.  two  buglehoms  in  fesse  sa.  garnished  and 
stringed  or,  in  chief  three  estoiles  az.  Crest — A  demi  wolf 
ppr.  charged  on  the  shoulder  with  an  estoile  az.  betw.  the 
paws  a  buglehom  as  in  the  arms.  Motto—  V  incit  qui  se 
vincit. 

Wilson  (Cumberland  Terrace,  Regent's  Park,  co.  Middlesex; 
Greenwich,  co.  Kent;  and  of  Molesworth  House,  Brighton, 
CO.  Sussex).     Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  a  quatrefoil  betw.   two 


mullets  in  chief  and  a  cart  wheel  in  base,  all  gu.  Ci-esl — 
A  demi  lion  gu.  betw.  the  paws  an  escocheon  ar.  charged 
with  a  cart  wheel,  as  in  the  arms,  and  holding  in  the  mouth 
three  cinquefoils  slipped  vert. 

Wimborne,  Baron.     See  Guest. 

Winwood  (Tyglyn  Ayron,  co.  Cardigan,  and  Wellesford 
Manor,  Wellington,  Somerset;  Thomas  Henry  Winwood, 
Esq.,  High  Sheriff  co.  Cardigan,  1856,  m.  Phcebe  Anne,  dau. 
of  David  Henderson,  Esq.,  M.D.,  and  d.  that  year,  leaving 
a  son,  Thomas  Henby  Ricketts  Winwood,  Esq.,  J. P.,  Capt. 
Cardigan  Artillery  Militia).  Gu.  on  a  pile  ar.  betw.  two 
roses  in  base  of  the  last  barbed  and  seeded  ppr.  a  cross 
botonn^e  sa.  Crest — Upon  a  mount  vert  in  front  of  an 
eagle's  head  erased  sa.  holding  in  the  beak  a  wreath  of 
laurel  ppr.  two  wings  saltirewise  ar.  Motto — Merere  et 
confide. 

Wise  (Hillbank,  co.  Forfar,  ISTS).  Per  chev.  sa.  and  or,  in 
chief  two  chevronels  erm.  and  in  base  a  stag  trippant  az. 
Crest — A  demi  Moor  in  armour  ppr.  issuing  out  of  the  top  of 
a  tower  ar.  holding  in  his  dexter  hand  a  dart  of  the  last 
'plumed  and  barbed  or,  with  the  point  downwards  and  in  his 
sinister  a  Roman  shield  ppr.     Motto — Circumspice. 

Wolseley  {Baron  Wolseley).  Ar.  a  talbot  passant  gu.  a 
crescent,  for  diff.  Crest — Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a  wolfs 
head  ppr.  Supporters — Two  wolves  ppr.  each  charged  on  the 
shoulder  with  a  laurel  and  palm  branch  in  saltire  or,  gorged 
with  a  mural  crown  also  or,  and  holding  in  the  paw  a  sword 
erect  ppr.  pommelled  and  hilted  gold.  Motto — Homo  homini 
lupus. 

Wood  (Newbold  Revel,  co.  Warwick  ;  Raasay,  Isle  of  Skye). 
Per  fesse  or  and  sa.  a  wolf  ramp,  counterchanged  betw.  two 
trees  eradicated  in  chief  ppr.  C^-ent — A  demi  lion  ramp.  ar. 
sem^e  of  buckles  sa.  resting  the  .sinister  paw  on  a  shield  also 
sa.  charged  with  a  wolfs  head  erased  ar.  il/o»o— Virtute  et 
labore. 

Wood  (George  Swinford  Wood,  Esq.,  and  Albert  Wood, 
Esq.,  of  Bodlondcb,  en.  Carnarvon,  J. P.  and  D.L.  High 
Sheriff,  1884,  of  an  old  co.  Worcester  family).  Or,  three 
mullets  of  six  points  in  bend  betw.  two  bendlets  nebuly  the 
whole  betw.  three  roses  all  gu.  Crest — In  front  of  a  moimt 
thereon  an  oak  tree  fructod  ppr.  three  bezants. 

Wood  (Talbot  House,  GIossop,  co.  Derby;  Samuel  Wood, 
Esq.,  J. P.,  son  of  Samuel  Wood,  Esq.,  of  same  place).  Sa. 
on  a  bend  engr.  ar.  betw.  two  roses  of  the  last  barbed  and 
seeded  ppr.  three  fleur-de-lis  gu.  Crest — On  a  mount  in 
front  of  an  oak  tree  fnicted,  the  trunk  of  a  tree  fessewise, 
eradicated  and  sprouting,  all  ppr.  Motto — Omne  bonum 
Dei  donum. 

Wood  (impaled  by  Osmand  for  Mary  Jane,  his  wife,  only 
child  of  Thomas  Wood,  Esq.,  of  Bideford,  co.  Devon).  Gu  a 
cross  betw.  a  demi  man  couped  and  afrontfc  holding  over  his 
dexter  shoulder  a  club  in  the  first  quarter,  an  oak  tree  eradi- 
cated in  the  second,  a  bull's  head  caboshed  in  the  third,  and 
a  leopard's  face  in  the  fourth,  aU  or. 

Wood-Wrigbt  (William  Henry  Edward  Wood- Wright, 
Esq.,  of  Golagh,  co.  Monaghan,  J. P.,  D  L.,  High  Sheriff, 
1877,  only  child  of  Rev.  William  Henby  Wood-Wbight, 
M.A.,  of  Golagh,  by  Jane  Elizabeth,  his  wife,  only  dau.  of 
Nathaniel  Stewabt,  Esq.,  of  Shellficld,  co.  Donegal,  and 
grandson  of  James  Wood,  Esq.,  Capt.  18th  Begt.,  J. P., 
High  Sheriff  co.  Monaghan,  1825.  by  Elizabeth  Isabella, 
his  wife,  only  dau.  of  William  Cairnes  Wright,  Esq.,  of 
Golagh).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  Wood-Wbight:  Az.  on 
two  bars  engr.  ar.  three  oak  leaves  vert,  in  chief  as  many 
leopards'  faces  or ;  2nd  and  3id,  Stewart  :  Or  a  fesse  chequy 
az.  and  ar.  betw.  in  chief  a  thistle  ppr.  and  in  base  a  trefoil 
slipped  vert  a  bordure  gu.  Cre.it — A  cubit  arm  vested  az. 
cuffed  ar.  charged  with  a  leopard's  face  of  the  arms  holding 
in  the  hand  a  broken  tilting  spear  ppr.  headed  or.  Motto — 
■Veritas  vincit. 

Worthingrton  (Burton-on-Trent  and  Derwont  Bank,  co. 
Derby).  Per  fesse  dancettde  ar.  and  sa.  a  pale  counter- 
changed  and  three  tridents  erect  of  the  .second.  Crest — On 
the  trunk  of  a  tree  fcs.sewise  eradicated  and  sprouting  ppr.  a 
goat  pa-ss.  ar.  gorged  with  a  collar  gemel  sa.  holding  in  the 
mouth  a  sprig  of  oak  fructed  also  ppr.  Motto— Viitate 
dignus  avorum. 

Worsley  (Tindal-Cabili.-Worsley,  of  Piatt  Hall,  co.  Lan- 
caster;  exemplified  to  Nicholas  Tindal,  Esq.,  eldest  son  of 
Acton  Tindal,  Esq.,  of  the  Manor  House,  Aylesbury,  upon 
his  assiuning,  by  royal  licence,  1878.  the  additional  surnames 
of  Cabill-Worsley,  in  consequence  of  his  marriage,  1875, 
with  Elizabeth,  dau.  and  heir  of  Charles  Cabill-Wobslei, 


WRI 


SUPPLEMENT. 


YOU 


Esq.,  of  Piatt  Hall).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  ar.  on  a  chief 
gu.  a  mural  crown  or,  and  for  distinction  a  cross  crosslet  of 
the  last,  for  W'obslet;  2nd,  ar.  three  bars  sa.  in  cliief  as 
many  martlets  and  for  distinction  a  cross  crosslet  all  of  the 
la.st,  for  Carill:  3rd,  ar.  a  fesse  dancettee  gu.  in  chief  a 
fleur-de-lis  az.  beiw.  two  crescents  of  the  second,  and  in 
base  a  crescent  of  the  last  betw.  two  fleurs-de-lis  of  the 
third,  for  Ti.sdal.  Crest.^ — 1st,  Worslet:  On  a  mural  crown 
or,  a  wyvern  wings  expanded  gu.  charged  on  the  body  for 
distinction  with  a  cross  crosslet  ar. ;  motto  over,  Quod  adest 
graturajuvat.  2nd,  Cabill:  Ona  mount  vert  astagreguard. 
lodged  or,  charged  en  the  body  for  distinction  with  a  cross 
crosslet  sa.  ;  hiotto  over.  Per  castra  ad  astra.  3rd,  Tindal: 
In  front  of  five  ostrich  feathers  ar.  a  fleur-de-lis  az.  betw. 
two  crescents  gu.  :  motto  over,  Nosce  teipsum. 

Wrig-ht  (Caleb  Weight,  Esq.,  of  Lower  Oak,  Tylde.sley,  co. 
Lanca-ster).  Per  fosse  az.  and  ar.  a  pale  counterchanged, 
three  unicorns,  heads  erased,  two  and  one  of  the  second, 
and  as  many  sprigs  of  the  cotton  tree  slipped  and  frucled, 
one  and  two  ppr.  Crest—  A  demi  unicorn  ar.  gorged  with 
a  collar  vair,  and  supporting  betw.  the  legs  a  battle  axe 
erect  and  proper.     Motto — Audax  et  Justus. 

Wrigrht  (impaled  by  Fbeake,  bart.  for  Eliza  Pddset,  dau. 
of  Charles  Wright,  Esq.,  of  St.  Mary  Abbots,  and  one  of 
the  Hon.  Corps  of  Gentlemen  at  Arms,  to  be  borne  by  her 
descendants).  Or  a  fesse  vair  betw.  in  chief  two  eagles' 
heads  erased,  and  in  base  a  portcullis  az. 

Wrigley  (Timberhurst,  co.  Lancaster,  and  The  Greenways, 
Leamington,  co  Warwick  ;  Edwin  Gbcndt  Wrigley,  of 
Timberhurst,  and  the  Greenways,  Esq.,  eldest  son  of  Thomas 
Wbiolst,  Esq.,  ofTimberhurst,  and  of  Wansfell,  Westmorland, 
.J.P.  and  D.L.,  High  Sheriff,  Lancashire,  1872,  by  Hannah, 
his  wife,  dau.  of  Edmund  Gbdndt,  Esq.,  of  Park  Hills,  near 
Bury).  Or,  a  chev.  sa.  thereon  three  mullets  of  the  first, 
betw.   two   flaunches   gu.  each  charged  with  a  stag's  head 


erased  of  the  field.  Crext — A  stag's  head  erased  or,  semSe- 
of  mullets  sa.  holding  in  the  mouth  a  trefoil  slipped  vert. 
Motto — Aquiret  qui  tuetur. 

Wigan  (Fbedebick  Wigan,  Esq.,  of  Clare  Lawn,  Surrey). 
Vair  on  a  pile  or,  a  mount,  in  base  vert,  thereon  a 
mountain  ash  tree  ppr.  Creat — Upon  a  mount  a  mountain 
ash  tree  ppr.  surmoimted  by  a  rainbow.  Motto — Carpe 
diem. 

Wylie  (Twynersh,  Chertsey,  co.  Surrey,  as  borne  by 
Alexander  Henry  Wylie,  Esq.,  of  a  branch  of  the  family 
of  WiLiE,  Bart.,  and  of  Wylie,  of  Corlock).  Az.  a  bend  ar. 
betw.  a  fox  pass,  in  chief  and  two  mullets  in  base  of  the 
second.     Crest — A  fox  courant  ppr. 


Yates  (Oakwood  Hall,  co.  York ;  Ernest  Bentlet  Sbaw- 
Yates,  E.sq.,  of  Oakwood  Hall,  is  eldest  son  of  the  late 
Egbert  Bentley  Shaw-Yates,  Esq.,  by  Elizabeth  Ellbn, 
his  wife,  only  dau.  and  heir  of  James  Yates,  Esq.,  of  Oak 
wood  Hall,  and  grandson  of  Bentley  Shaw,  Esq.,  of  Wood- 
field,  CO.  York).  Az.  on  a  chev.  engr.  erminois,  betw.  two 
goats'  heads  erased  in  chief  ar.  armed  or,  and  a  gate  in 
base  of  the  last  three  pellets  quartering  Shaw,  of  Ardersley, 
and  Lancaster,  of  Richmond.  Crest — Upon  a  mount  vert 
a  goat's  head  erased  ar.  armed  or,  charged  on  the  neck  with 
a  pellet  and  surmounting  two  branches  of  oak  in  saltire  ppr. 
fructed  or. 

Yeatman-Biggrs.    See  Biggs. 

Younger  (Auchen  Castle,  Dumfries,  1880).  Ar.  three  piles 
in  point  sa.  each  charged  with  an  annulet  of  the  first,  on  8. 
chief  gu.  a  crescent  betw.  two  mullets  also  of  the  first. 
Crest — A  dexter  arm,  the  hand  holding  a  Unce  bendways 
ppr.    Motto — Tout  prest. 


THE 


GENEEAL   AEMOEY. 


ASADAlff  (Sir  John  Abadam,  Baron  of  Beverston,  co. 
Gloucester;  summoned  to  Parliament  temp.  Edward  I.). 
Ar.  on  a  cross  gu.  five  mullets  or.  In  the  ancient  painted 
glass  in  Tidenham  church,  Gloucestershire,  the  mullets  are 
pierced  of  the  field.  The  heiress  of  Ahadam,  'm.  Tomlin 
Huntley. 

Abarle  (1572).  Or,  three  falcons  ppr.  Crest — A  flute  in 
pale  ppr. 

Abarough,  or  Abarow  (Dychet,  co.  Somerset).  Sa.  two 
swords  in  saltire  ar.  betw.  four  fleurs-de-lis  or,  a  bordure 
erm.     Crest — A  ferret  ar.  collared  or,  lined  az. 

Abbeford  (Leicestershire).  Erm.  a  chief  gu.  fretty  or. 
Creet — On  a  chapeau  ppr.  a  water-bouget  sa. 

Abbeball  (Gloucestershire  ;  temp.  Edward  II.  The  place 
is  now  called  Abenhall).    Or,  a  fosse  gu. 

Abberbury,  or  Aberbury  (Oxfordshire  and  Suffolk).  Or, 
a  fess  embattled  sa.  Cred — A  hawk  with  wings  expanded, 
resting  its  dexter  claw  upon  a  mount,  ppr. 

Abberton.    Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  wolves'  heads  erased  sa. 

Abbetot.    See  D'Aeetot. 

Abbetot  (Warwickshire).  Az.  a  chev.  or,  betw.  three  be- 
zants. Crest — A  dexter  hand,  holding  a  cutlas  in  pale  ppr. 
hilted  or. 

Abbetot  (Elmlcy  Castle,  co.  Worcester).    See  D'Abbetot. 

Abbey.  Gu.  five  fusils  conjoined  in  fessc,  betw.  three  escal- 
lops ar.     Crest — An  eagle's  head  erased  ppr. 

Abbis,  Abbes,  or  Abbs  (Norfolk).  Gu.  a  fesse  lozengy 
betw.  three  escallops  ar.  Crest — A  spur  az.  leather  sa. 
buckle  of  the  first. 

Abbome.  Az.  a  chev.  or.  Crest — A  dexter  arm  vested  az. 
cuffed  or,  in  the  hand  ppr.  a  baton  gu.  tipped  with  gold. 

Abbot.  Erm.  on  a  pale  gu.  three  pears  or.  Cre-it — A  demi 
unicorn  erm.  armed  and  maned  ar.  gorged  with  a  collar,  az. 
studded  or. 

Abbot  (Lord  Mayor  of  London,  1638).  Gu.  a  chev.  betw. 
three  pears  pendent  stalked  or.  Crest — Out  of  a  ducal  coro- 
net a  unicorn's  head  or,  betw.  two  ostrich  feathers  ar. 

Abbot  {Baron  Colchester).  Gu.  on  a  chev.  betw.  three  pears 
or,  as  many  crosses  raguly  az.  within  a  tressure  flory  of  the 
second.  Crest— Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a  unicorn's  head 
erm.  maned  and  tufted  of  the  first  betw.  six  ostrich  feathers 
ar.  quilled  gold.  Supporters — On  either  side  a  unicorn  erm. 
maned  hoofed  and  tufted  or,  gorged  with  a  collar  az.  within 
another  gemel  flory  counter-flory  gu.  therefrom  a  chain 
reflexed  over  the  back  gold  and  charged  on  the  shoulder 
with  a  cross  raguly  of  the  third.  Motto  —  Deo  patriae 
amicis. 

Abbot  (Baron  Tenterden).  Vwrp.  a  pile  wavy  vaird  gu.  and 
ar.  in  base  two  water  bougets  or,  on  a  canton  of  the  second 
a  crosier  erect  sa.  Crest — A  fox  pass.  sa.  charged  on  the 
shoulder  with  a  water  bouget,  per  pale  or  and  ar.  Sup- 
porters— Dexter,  a  dragon  wings  elevated  vert,  gorged  with 
the  collar  of  Lord  Chief  Justice,  and  charged  on  the  wing 
with  a  water  bouget  or;  sinister,  a  pelican  wings  elevated 
or,  beaked  vulned  and  gorged  with  a  collar  of  roses  gu. 
Motto — Lahore . 

Abbot  (Shropshire).    Ar.  three  shredding  knives  sa. 

Abbot  (Lincolnshire).  Ar.  on  a  pale  sa.  betw.  two  ogresses, 
a  demi  lion  issuant  from  the  base  or.  Crest — A  unicorn's 
bead  erased  ar.  attired  and  crined  or,  charged  with  a  bar 
gemel  sa. 

Abbot  (Bellasis,  co.  York.  Quartered  by  Webster  of  Flam- 
boro').    Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  wolves'  heads  erased  gu. 

Abbot.  Erm.  on  a  bend  engr.  sa.  three  crescents  or.  Crest — 
A  cubit  arm  erect  vested  az.  cuffed  erm.  holding  in  the  hand 
ppr.  a  crescent  ar. 
1 


A'bbot  (Hartland,  co.  Devon,  Vis.  Devon,  1620;  one  of  the 
heiresses  )7i.  Luttrell).  Sa.  a  cross  voided  betw.  four  eagles 
displ.  or.  Crest — A  griffin  sejant  az.  platt^e  winged  and 
beaked  or. 

Abbotsbury  Abbey  (Dorset).  Az.  three  pair  of  keys 
two  in  chief  and  one  in  base  or,  each  pair  addorsed  and  con- 
joined in  the  rings  wards  in  chief. 

Abbott.  Ar.  a  cross  sa.  fimbriated  or,  betw.  four  eagles 
di.<!pl.  of  the  second.     Crest — A  griffin  sejant  az.  bezant^e. 

Abbs  (Cleadon,  co.  Durham).  Gu.  a  bend  engr.  or,  betw. 
six  hons  ramp.  ar.  Crest — The  sun  in  splendour.  Motto — 
Noli  irritare  leonem. 

Abbs  (The  Hall,  Barrow  Point  HiU,  Pinner,  co.  Middle- 
sex). Gu.  on  a  fesse  betw.  three  escallops  ar.  five  fusUs  in 
fesse  sa.  Crest— OmX,  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  an  eagle's  head 
with  wings  displ.  ar.  collared  gold.  Motto — In  te  Domine 
speravi. 

Abby.  Gu.  five  fusils  in  fesse  betw.  three  escallops  ar. 
Crest — A  cross  crosslet  az. 

Abden.  Ar.  three  fleurs-de-lis  sa.  Crest — A  swan's  head 
betw.  two  wings  az. 

Abdy  (Yorkshire,  London,  Felix  Hall,  co.  Essex,  and  Chob- 
ham  Place,  co.  Surrey,  Bart.).  Or,  two  chev.  betw.  three 
trefoils  slipped  sa.  Crest — An  eagle's  head  erased  ppr. 
beaked  or. 

Abdy  (Albyns,  co.  Essex,  Bart.).  Or,  two  chev.  betw.  three 
trefoils  slipped  sa.  Crest — An  eagle's  head  couped  ppr. 
Motto — Tenax  et  fidelis. 

Abdy  (Moores,  co.  Essex,  extinct  baronet,  a  cadet,  of  Felix 
Hall).     Same  j4/ms. 

Abdy  (Essex).    Or,  a  chev.  betw.  three  trefoils  slipped  sa. 

Abeck  or  Habeck.  Or,  two  bars  vert.  Crest — Out  of  a 
mural  coronet  an  arm  from  the  elbow  vested  az.  cuff  ar. 
holding  in  the  hand  ppr.  a  mullet  gu. 

A'Beckett.     See  Beckett. 

Abeinsherles  (Suffolk).    Gu.  a  bend  crenelMe  ar. 

Abeleyn,  Abeline,  or  Abeleine.  Ar.  three  fleurs-de- 
lis  sa.     Crest — A  peacock  ppr. 

Abeline.  Ar.  on  a  cross  sa.  five  (another  four)  eagles  di?;)!. 
of  the  field.  Crest — A  sword  in  pale  enfiled  with  a  savage's 
head  ppr. 

Abell  (Essex).  Ar.  a  fesse  purp.  betw.  three  boars'  heads 
couped  gu.  Cred — An  arm  in  armour  embowed  ppr.  hold- 
ing a  sword  ar.  hilted  or,  enfiled  on  the  arm  with  a  wreath 
ar.  and  gu. 

Abell  (co.  Kent).  Barry  of  four  or  and  az.  on  a  chief  sa. 
three  plates. 

Abell,  or  Abel  (Kent  and  London).  Ar.  a  saltire  engr.  aa. 
(another  gu.).     Crest — The  same  as  Abell  of  Essex. 

Abell  (Stapenhill,  co.  Derby.  Visit.  1611).  Ar.  on  a  saltire 
engr.  az.  nine  fleurs-de-lis  of  the  field. 

Abell.     Ar.  on  a  saltire  engr.  az.  twelve  fleurs-de-lis  or. 

Abell.     Vert  fretty  ar.  and  a  fesse  gu. 

Abelon,  or  Abilou,  as  Abeleyn.  Crest — A  mitre  ppr. 
stringed  gu. 

Abeljm,  Abyleyne,  or  Aylin.  Ar.  three  chess-rooks 
sa. 

Abelyn.  Ar.  on  a  cross  sa.  an  eagle  displ.  with  two  heads 
or.  Crest — On  a  globe  ppr.  an  eagle  wings  expanded  and 
inverted  gu. 

Abelyne.  Ar.  in  chief  three  chess-rooks  sa.  Crest — The 
same  as  the  last. 

Abenball  (.\benhall,  co.  Gloucester).    Or,  a  fesse  gu. 

Abenhall,  or  Ablehall  (Gloucestershire).  Gu.  a  fcss? 
or.  Crest — Two  branches  of  laurel  issuing  from  the  wreath 
chevronways  vert. 


ABE 


THE  GENERAL  ARMORY. 


ABE. 


Aber.    Or,   a  fesse  embattled    a2.      Oest — A    demi  talbot 

ramp.  ar.  ducaUy  gorged  gu. 
Aberbury.    See  Abberbukt. 
Abercom,  Duke  of.    See  Hamilton. 
Abercom.     Ar.  a  chev.  sa.  betw.  three  mullets  gu. 
Abercromby  (of  that  Ilk,  co.  Banff).    Ar.  a  chev.  gu. 
betw.  three  boars'  heads  erased  az.     Crest — An  oak  tree 
acomed  on  a  mount  ppr.     Motto — Tace. 
Abercromby  (Birkenbog,  co.  Banff,  Bart.,  representative 
Bince  the  17th  century  of  Abercromby  of  that  Ilk).    Ar.  a 
chev.  gu.  betw.  three  boars'  heads  erased  az.     Crest — A  fal- 
con rising  belled  ppr.     Supporters— Two  greyhounds    ar. 
collared  gu.     Mottoes — Above  the  crest,   Petit  alta;  under 
the  shield,  "Vive  ut  vivas. 
Abercromby  (Tullibody  co.  Clackmannan).    Ar.  a  chev. 
indent,  gu.  betw.  three  boars'  heads  erased  az.  armed  and 
langued  or,  in  the  middle  chief  point  a  crescent  vert. 
Abercromby  (Baron  Abercrombn,  representative  of  Aber- 
cromby, of  Tullibody).    Ar.  a  fesse  embattled  gu.  therefrom 
issuant  in  chief  a  dexter  arm  embowed  in    armour  ppr. 
garnished  or,  encircled  by  a  wreath  of  laurel,  the  hand  sup- 
porting the  French  invincible  standard,  in  bend  sinister,  also 
ppr.;  in  base,  a  chev.  indented  gu.  betw.  three  boars'  heads 
erased  az.     Crest— \  bee  volant  ppr.     Motto — Vive  ut  vivas. 
Supporters — Two  greyhounds  per  fesse  ar.  and  or,  coUared 
and  lined  gu.  each  charged  on  the  shoulder  with  a  thistle 
ppr. 
Abercromby  {Baron  Dunfermline,  extinct).     Ar.  a  fess 
embattled  gu.  betw.  in  base  the  ancient  family  arms  of  Aber- 
cromby, viz.,  a  chev.  indent,  gu.  betw.  three  boars'  heads 
erased  az.  and  in  chief  issuing  out  of  the  battlements  of  the 
fess  a  dexter  arm  embowed  in  armour  ppr.  garnished  or, 
the  cubit  part  of  the  arm  encircled  by  a  wreath  of  laurel, 
and  the  hand  grasping  a  French  republican  military  flag,  in 
bend  sinister.      Crest — A  bee  erect  ppr.    Supporters — Two 
greyhounds  per  fess  ar.  and  or,  each  plain  collared  with  line 
reflexed  over  the  back  gu.  and  suspended  from  the  collar  a 
shield  az.  charged  with  the  Speaker's  mace  in  pale  gold, 
betw.  the  shield  a  thistle  ppr. 
Abercromby  (Fettemier,  a  scion  of  Birkenbog,  created  in 
ltJS5,  Lord  Glassfoord).    Ar.  a  chev.  engr.  gu.  betw.  three 
boars'  heads  erased  az.    Crfist — A  cross  crosslet  fitch^e  or. 
Motto — In  cruce  salus. 
Abercromby  (Glasshaugh).   Ar.  a  chev.  indented  gu.  betw. 
three  boars'  heads  erased  az.      Crest — A   bee  volant  ppr. 
Motto — Vive  ut  vivas. 
Abercrom.by  (South  Carolina,  1778).    Ar.  on  a  chev.  gu. 
betw.  three  boars'  heads  erased  az.  langued  of  the  field  an 
antique  crown  or.     Crest — A  cross  Calvary  gu.     Motto — In 
cruce  .salus. 
Aberdare,  Baron.    See  Brcce. 
Aberdeen,  Earl  of.    See  Gordon. 

Aberdeen  (Cairnbulg).    Gu.  a  chev.  ar.  betw.  three  mullets 
or.     Cre-U  —  A  dexter    hand    holding    up  an  annulet  ppr. 
Motto — Intcmerata  Fides. 
Aberdeen,  Town  of.    Gu.  three  towers  triple  towered 
within  a  double  tressure  flowered  and  counter-flowered  arg. 
Supporters — Two  leopards  ppr.     Motto — Bon  Accord.    The 
honourable  augmentation  of  the  double  tressure  was  granted 
as  a  recompense  for  the  loyalty  of  the  citizens  of  Aberdeen, 
in  their  services  against  the  English. 
Aberdour.      Ar.  three  swords  paleways  in  fesse  ppr.  sur- 
mounted by  a  bend   gu.  within  a  bordurc  az.    Crest — An 
anchor  and  cable  and  a  Sword  saltireways,  all  ppr.     Motto — 
Hinc  spes  cffulgct. 
Aberdwell,  or  Abredrobell.    Gu.  a  fosse  betw.  six 
annulets  ar.     Cre:t — A  greyhound  ar.  running  towards  a 
tree  vert. 
Abergavenny,  Earl  of.    See  Neville. 
AberberdoTir,  Aberkirdor,  or  Aberkerdour.  Az. 
three  swords  in  fesse  paleways,  points  upward,  hilted  and 
pomelled  or,  surmounted  of  a  bend  gu.     Crest — A  sword  in 
pale  ppr.    Motto — Pro  rcge  et  patrid. 
Abemethy  (of  that  Ilk,  co.   Fife  ;    Alexander  Abernethy, 
dominus  de   eodem,  temp.   Robert  I.  left  three  daus.   his 
coheirs  :  Margaret,  wife  of  John  Stewart,   Earl  of  Angus ; 
Helen,  m.  to  Norman  Lindsay,  of  Crawford ;  and  Mary,  m. 
to  Andrew  Lcsly,  of  Itothcs).    Or,  a  lion  ramp.  gu.  sur- 
mounted of  a  ribbon  sa. 
Abemethy  (iorrf  .Sa/(oun).    Quarterly:  1st  and  4th,  as  the 
laet;  '2nd  and  .3rd,  ar.  three  piles  with  points  conjoined  in 
base  gu.,    for  Wisuabt.  Crext—A  parrot  feeding  on  a  bunch 
of   cherries  ppr.      Supporters — Two    falcons    ppr.    armed 
Jessed,  and  belled  or.     Motto — Salus  per  Christum. 
Abemethy  (Auchindoich).      Quartcriy,  as   Lord   Saltoun, 
within  a  bordure  engr.  az.  Crest — A  parrot  ppr.    Motto — In 
Cbristo  salus. 
2 


Abernie,  or  Aberton.    Az.  a  chev.  or. 

Aberton.     Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  bears'  heads  erased  sa. 

Aberton,  or  Aburton.  Or,  on  a  fesse  gu.  betw.  three 
mullets  sa.  a  cross  crosslet  fitch^e  of  the  first.  Crest — On  a 
human  heart  gu.  an  eagle's  claw  erased  ppr. 

Aberton,  or  Aburton.  Or,  on  a  fesse  gu.  betw.  three 
mullets  pierced  sa.  as  many  crosses  crosslet  fitch^  ar.  Crest 
— The  same  as  the  last. 

Abew.     Ar.  on  a  cross  gu.  five  bezants. 

Abew  (Cornwall).     Erm.  on  a  cross  gu.  five  annulets  or. 

Abibson.     Ar.  a  fesse  botonnee  gu. 

Abing-don  (Abingdon,  co.  Cambridge,  Whichcnford,  Brok- 
harapton,  and  HindJip,  co.  Worcester:  the  heiresses  were 
Mary,  wife  of  Walter  Compton,  of  Hartpury ;  Francis,  wife 
of  John  Branthwaite ;  and  Elizabeth,  7)i.  to  Francis  Fountain, 
Esq.).  Ar.  on  a  bend  gu.  three  eagles  displ.  or,  beaked  and 
legged  az.     Crest — An  eagle  close  or. 

Abingdon,  or  Abing-ton  (Dowdeswell,  co.  Gloucester, 
granted  1595,  to  Anthony  Abinton,  gentleman-usher  to 
Queen  Elizabeth,  Ad.  MS.  B.  M.,  14,'295).  Ar.  on  a  bend  gu. 
three  eagles  displ.  or,  an  annulet  of  the  second.  Crest — A 
hand  and  arm,  couped  at  the  shoulder,  in  armour,  garnished 
or,  embowed  fesseways,  holding  in  the  hand  an  ancient  mace, 
handled  sa.  headed  and  studded  gold,  girt  round  the  arm 
near  the  shoulder  with  a  sash  tied  in  a  bow  ar.  fringed  of 
the  first. 

Abingrdon.     Ar.  a  cross  patonce  betw.  five  martlets  sa. 

Abingrdon,  Town  of  (co.  Berks.  Confirmed  to  the  borough 
in  1623).  Vert  a  cross  patonce  or,  between  four  crosses 
pattde  ar. 

Abing'don,  Earl  of.    See  Bertie. 

Abing-er,  Baron.    See  Scarlett. 

Abing-ton  (Dorsetshire).  Ar.  on  a  bend  cottised  sa.  three 
eagles  displ.  of  the  field  in  the  sinister  chief  point  an  escal- 
lop sa. 

Abitot.    See  D'Abitot. 

Abland.    Ar.  on  a  bend  sa.  three  pheons  of  the  field. 

Able.  Sa.  two  bars  ar.  in  chief  as  many  plates.  Crest — An 
arm  in  armour  embowed  holding  a  sword  all  ppr. 

Ablehall.     Or,  a  chief  gu. 

Ablehall,  or  Abelhall.  Gu.  a  fesse  or.  Cre.t — A  lion's 
head  erased  sa.  betw.  two  wings  or. 

Ablehall,  or  Ableshall  (Warwickshire  and  Gloucester- 
shire).    Or,  a  fesse  gu. 

Abnet  (Staffordshire).  Gu.  an  eagle  displ.  betw.  three 
pheons  ar. 

Abney  (Willesley,  co.  Derby).  Ar.  on  a  cross  sa.  five  be- 
zants. This  was  the  true  coat  of  the  family,  and  was  borne 
by  Sir  Thomas  Abnet,  Knt.,  Lord  Mayor  of  London,  1694 
(Harleian  MSS.  6076),  but  in  consequence  of  the  marriage, 
circa  1400,  of  John  de  Abeney,  with  the  co-heiress  of  Ing- 
wardby  of  Willesley,  most  of  the  Abneys,  descendants  thereof, 
adopted  for  their  hereditary  arms  the  coat  of  Ingwardbt, 
viz.,  or,  on  chief  gu.  a  Iionpas.sant  ar.  Le  Neve's  "Knights," 
gives  as  the  arms  of  Sir  Edward  Abnet,  of  Willesley, 
knighted  at  Wiitehall,  2  Aug.  1673,  this  latter  coat. 

Abney  (Measham  Hall,  co.  Derby).  Or,  on  a  chief  gu.  a  lion 
pass.  ar.  Crest — A  demi  lion  ramp,  or,  a  pellet  betw.  the 
paws.     Motto — Fortiter  et  honeste. 

Abney-Hastings.    See  Hastings. 

Abnott.     Az.  a  smew,  or  white  nun,  ppr. 

Abrahall  (Eaton  Tregoz,  Abrahall,  and  Ingeston,  Hereford- 
shire: Johan,  daughter  and  heir  of  Hugh  Abrahall,  Esq.  m. 
Walter  Kyrle,  Esq.  of  Walford  Court,  co.  Hereford).  Az. 
three  hedge-hogs  (or  porcupines)  or.  Crest—  A  hedge-hog 
ppr. 

Abraham  (SwarthmoorHall,  co  Lane).  Sa.  a  chev.  betw. 
three  cstoiles  ar.     Cre.tl — A  raven  ppr. 

Abraham  (John  Abraham,   slain   at  Beggar's  Bush,  near 
Dublin,  l.')97,  then  secretary  to  Sir  John  Norreys,  President 
of  Munster).    Per  fess  or  and  sa.  on  a  bend  three  annulets 
all  counter-charged. 
Abraham.    Az.  a  sun  or.    Ci-est — A  sun  or. 

Abrahams.     Lozcngy  or  and  gu  on  a  chief  sa.  the  sun  in 
his  splendour  or.     Crest — A  cap  of  maintenance  decorated 
with  a  plume  of  ostrich  feathers,  all  ppr.    Another  crest — 
The  sun  rising  from  a  cloud  ppr. 
Abram  (Abram,  co.  Lancaster;  descended  from  Richard  de 
Edburgham,  mentioned  in  the  Ti'Kta  de  NfviU.  John  Abram, 
of  Abram,  temp.  Henry  V.  left  an  only  dau.  m.  to  James 
Holt,  of  Grizzlchurst).    Az.  a  sun  or.     Crest — A  sun  or. 
Abrell.     Az.  three  boars  pass.  or. 
Abrey.     Bendy  of  six  erm.  and  gu.     Cre^t — A  chevalier  on 

horseback,  at  full  speed,  holding  a  broken  spear  all  ppr. 
Abrincis  [Earl  of  Clicxlcr).    Az.  a  wolf's  head  erased  ar. 
Abrincis  (Folkestone,  co.  Kent).     Or,  five  chev.  gu. 
Abris.    Gu.  a  chev.  betw.  three  rowels  ar. 


ABB 


THE  GENERAL  ARMORY. 


ACS 


AbriscoTlTt  (Oxfordshire).  Erm.  (or  vert)  three  bars  hu- 
mett^e  gu.  (or  or,)  Cresl  —  A  hare  close  among  grass 
ppr. 

Abrol,  or  Aboril  (Worcestershire).  Per  pale  or  and  gu. 
three  roundles  counterchanged.  Crest — A  lion's  head  vomit- 
ing flames  ppr. 

Abrook.  Or,  a  cross  engr.  per  pale  gu.  and  sa.  a  chief  erm. 
Crest — A  woirs  head  erased  sa. 

Abry  (Glamorgan).  Az.  a  chev.  betw.  three  grififins'  heads 
erased  or. 

Absall.     Ar.  a  cross  sa. 

Abyne.     Erm.  on  a  cross  gu.  five  annulets  or. 

Abys  (Derbyshire).    See  Abbis,  Norfolk. 

Academy,  Koyal  Irish.  Ar.  a  saltire  gu.  charged  with 
the  imperial  crown  of  England  ppr.  Crest — Out  of  a  pointed 
or  Irish  crown  or,  an  etoile  of.  eight  points  ar.  charged  with 
a  cross  gu.  Supporters — On  the  dexter  a  female  figure 
representing  Liberty,  holding  in  her  right  hand  a  wand, 
thereon  a  cap  gu.,  on  the  sinister  a  figure  of  Minerva,  hold- 
ing in  her  right  hand  a  lance,  and  in  the  left  a  scroll.  Motto 
— We  will  endeavour. 

Academy  of  the  Muses.  Ar.  two  bars  wavy  az.,  on  a 
chief  of  the  second  a  music  book  open  or,  betw.  two  swords 
in  saltire,  of  the  first,  hilted  and  pommelled  of  the  third. 
Crest — A  Sagittarius  in  full  speed  ppr.  shooting  with  a  bow 
or,  and  arrow  ar.  Supporters — Dexter,  a  satyr,  sinister,  a 
merman  with  two  tails,  both  ppr.  Motto — Nihil  invita 
Minerva. 

Acberts.     Az.  three  fishes  haurient  two  and  one  ar. 

Accotts  (Ireland).  Or,  on  a  cross  quarter-pierced  az.  twenty 
plates  five  in  each  quarter. 

Aceles  (Cornwall).    Or,  four  pallets  sa. 

Acgniillum.  Gu.  three  fleurs-de-lis  ar.  Crest — A  dexter 
hand  holding  a  holly-branch  ppr. 

Acliam.ber  (Suggerton).  Az.  a  key  in  pale,  ward  upwards, 
betw.  two  mullets  of  six  points  or. 

Achannay,  or  Aliannay  (Sorbia,  an  old  family  in  Gallo- 
way, the  name  of  which  is  now  written  Hannat).  Ar.  three 
roebucks'  heads  couped  az.  collared  or,  with  a  bell  pendant 
to  the  collar  gu.  Crest — Out  of  a  crescent  a  cross  crosslet 
fitch^e  sa.     Motto — Per  ardua  ad  alta. 

Acbard  (Berkshire).    Or,  a  bend  engr.  sa. 

Acbard  (Berkshire).  Gyronny  of  six  ar.  and  gu.  a  label  of 
five  points  az. 

Acbard  (co.  Gloucester).  Barry  wavy  of  six  ar.  and  gu. 
a  label  of  five  points  az. 

Acbard.    Or,  a  bend  of  five  fusils  sa. 

Acbart.    Barry  wavy  of  six  ar.  and  gu. 

Acbas  (Leicestershire).    Sa.  three  fleurs-de-lis  ar. 

Ache,  Acche,  or  Achey  (Devonshire).  Sa.  (another  gu.) 
two  demi  lions  pass,  guard,  in  pale  or. 

Acbefield.  Per  chev.  ar.  and  sa.  three  leopards'  faces 
counterchanged. 

Achefield.  Per  chev.  ar.  and  sa.  in  chief  a  label  of  three 
points  gu.  in  base  three  leopards'  faces  or. 

Acbeley  (London  and  Shropshire).    See  Atcheblet. 

Acheley.  Gu.  on  a  fesse  engr.  betw.  three  leopards'  heads 
erased  or,  as  many  crosses  crosslet  filnh^e  sa.  Crest  —  A 
griffin's  head  erased  ppr. 

Acbeley.  Per  pale  gu.  and  or,  a  Hcur-de-lis  counter- 
changed. 

Acbeney.  Ar.  five  lozenges  in  salUre  betw.  four  of  the 
lozenges  gu. 

Acbeltou.     Gu.  three  falcons  close  ar.  belled  or. 

Acheson  {Earl  of  Oof-ford).  Ar.  an  eagle  displ.  with  two 
heads  sa.  beaked  and  membered  or,  on  a  chief  vert  two 
mullets  of  the  third.  Crest— A  cock  gu.  standing  on  a 
trumpet  or.  Supporters — Two  leopards  ppr.  the  sinister 
reguard.  both  collared  and  chained  or.    Motto — Vigilantibus. 

Acbeson.    See  Aitcheson. 

Achmuty  (that  Ilk,  Fifeshire).  Ar.  a  broken  spear  bend- 
ways  betw.  two  mullets  az. 

Aobmuty,  or  Auchmuty  (Brianstown,  co.  Longford). 
Ar.  a  broken  spear  bendwise  betw.  two  spur  rowels  of  six 
points  az.  pierced  of  the  field.  Another  coat — Ar.  two  spur 
Towels  in  chief  pierced  of  the  field  and  a  spear's  head  in 
base  az.  Crest — An  arm  embowed  in  armour  holding  a 
broken  spear,  the  arm  ppr.  the  lance  az.  Motto — Dum  spiro 
epero. 

Achym  (Pelynt,  co.  Cornwall).  Ar.  sem^e  of  cinquefoils  a 
maunch  gu,  (monument  in  Bodmin  church,  1639).  Cre^t — 
A  lion  sejant  or,  collared  and  lined  sa.  and  sometimes  a  demi 
lion  ar.  holding  a  maunch  gu. 

Achym  (Trenake,  Pelynt,  Cornwall).  Ar.  a  maunch  within 
a  bordure  sa.  charged  with  eight  cinquefoils  of  the  field. 
Crest — A  crescent  or. 

Ackelam.    See  Acloue. 
3 


Ackers  (Lancashire,  and  The  Heath,  Leintwardlne,  co.  Salop). 

Ar.  on  a  bend  sa.  three  acorns  or,  husked  vert.    Crest — A 

dove  rising  ppr.  in  the  beak  an  acorn  of  the  arms.    Motto— 

La  Libert^. 

Ackers  (Prinknash  Park,  co.  Gloucester).   As  of  Lancashire. 

Ackers  (Moreton  Hall,  co.  Chester).    Ar.  on  a  bend  sa.  three 

acorns  or,  husked  vert.     Creit — A  dove  rising  in  the  beak 

an  olive  branch  ppr.     Motto — La  liberty. 
Ackerson,  or  Akers.    Sa.  a  bend  betw.  three  acorns  or. 

Crest — A  doric  column  or. 
Ackford.     Ar.  a  horse's  head  sa.  bridled  or,  issuing  out  of 

water  in  base  az.  on  a  chief  gu.  a  cross  of  the  first.     Crest — 

A  horse's  head,  as  in  the  arms. 
Ackhurst.     Ar.  on  a  bend  sa.  three  acorns  or.     Cre-t — A 

demi  lion  ar.  holding  in  the  dexter  paw  an  acorn  slipped 

vert  fructed  or. 
Ackles.    See  Aclet. 
Ackleward,   or  Acle-ward.    Sa.  a  chev.  betw.  three 

garbs  or. 
Acklow.     Quarterly,  indented  ar.  and  az. 
Ackroyd,  or  Ackeroyd.     Per  saltire  or  and  az.  on  a 

saltire  betw.    four    fleurs-de-lis    an    annulet    all    counter- 
changed.     Crest — A  dog  sleeping  ppr. 
Ackworth  (Suffolk).    Ar.  a  griffin  segreant  (another,  salient 

per  fesse  az.  and  purp.)  and  sonutimcs  sa.  and  az.  armed  or. 

Crest — A  griffin's  head  erased  ppr. 
Ackworth.    Erm.  on  a  chief  indented  gu.  three  coronets  or. 
Acland  (Colomb   John,  and  KiUerton,   co.   Devon,   Bart.). 

Chequy  ar.  and  sa.  a  fesse  gu.     Crest — A  man's  hand  couped 

at   the  wrist  in  a  glove  lying  fesseways  thereon  a  falcon 

perched  all  ppr.     Molto — Inebranlable. 
Acland  (Fairfield,  co.  Somerset,  and  Newhouse,  co.  Devon, 

created  a  baronet  3  Oct.  181S).    Arms  as  the  last,  homo 

quarterly  with  Palmer  and  Fdllee. 
Acland  (Devonshire).    Gu.  a  bend  or,  charged  with  three 

trefoils  vert  betw.  a  lion  ramp,  in  chief  and  three  lozenges 

in  base  of  the  second. 
Acle  (Devonshire).    Gu.  two  lions  pass,  reguard.  or.  Crcsl — 

An  annulet  or,  stoned  sa. 
Acley,  or  Ackles.    Or,  three  palets  az. 
Aclome  (Moreby,  co.  York).    Gu.  a  maunch  ar.  within  an 

orle  of  cinquefoils  of  the  last  (another  or).     Crest — ^A  deuii 

lion  holding  a  maunch  ar. 
Acock.     Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  three  fleurs-de-lis  gu.     Crest — Out 

of  a  mural  coronet  a  demi  swan  issuing  ppr. 
Acombe  (Granted  1574,  to  John  Acombe,  of  Stratford-upon- 
Avon).     Erm.  three  Uons  pass,  in  fesse  gu.     Crest — A  dext<?r 

arm  in  armour  embowed  sa.  garnished  or,  tied  roimd  with  a 

ribbon  ar.  and  gu.  in  the  hand  a  broken  tilting  spear. 
Acootes,   or  Acotes.     Ar.  on  a  cross  quarterly  pierced 

az.  twenty  bezants  placed  by  fives  in  saltire. 
Acotes  (Ireland).  Az.  a  cross  voided  betw.  four  cinquefoils  or. 
Acotes   (Caton    Hall,  co.  York).    Or,  on  a   cross  az.   five 

cinquefoils  or. 
Acottes.     Or,  on  a  cross  counterpierced  az.  twenty  bezants 

five  at  each  end  in  saltire.    Crest — A  lion  ramp.  gu.  support- 
ing a  standard  az.  charged  with  a  saltire  ar. 
Acotts.     Or,  on  a  cross  pierced  az.  four  cinquefoils  of  the 

field.     Crest — Same  as  the  last. 
Acotts.     Or,  a  cross  pierced  az.  bezant^e. 
A'Cotirt  (Baron  Heytesbury).    Per  fesse  or,  and  paly  of  six 

erminois  and  az.,  in  chief  an  eagle  displ.  sa.,  beaked  and 

membered  gu.,  charged  on  the  body  with  two  chevronels  ar. 

Crest — An  eagle  displ.  sa.,  charged  with  two  chevronels  or, 

beaked  and  legged  gu.,  holding  in  the  beak  a  Uly  sUpped  ppr. 

Supporters — On  either  side  an  eagle,  wings  elevated  sa.,  each 

holding  in  the  beak  a  lily  slipped  ppr.    J/otto— Grandescunt 

aucta  labore. 
A'Court.    Per  fesse  in  chief  az.  an  eagle  displ.  ar.  in  base, 

paly  of  six  of  the  first  and  second.     Crest — A  Icon's  head 

reguard.  gu. 
A'Court-Holmes  {Baron  Heytesbury).    See  Holmes. 
Acre,  or  D'Acre.    Gu.  three  escallops  ar. 
Acre  (Westmorland).     Gu.  three  fusils  in  fesse  or,  and  in 

chief  as  many  escallops  ar. 
Acre.    Gu.  three  escallops  betw.  nine  trefoils  slipped,  three 

three  two  and  one  ar. 
Acre.     Gu.  a  fesse  fusily  betw.  three  escallops  ar. 
Acre.     Gu.  three  lozenges  or,  in  chief  as  many  escallops  ar. 
Acres.     Gu.  three  trefoUs  shpped  in  fesse  or,  betw.  as  many 

escallops  ar. 
Acres  (Northumberland).    Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  six  fleurs-de-lis 

sa.     Crest — An  eagle  displ.  ppr.  charged  on  the  breast  with 

a  torteau  sa. 
Acres.    Or,  a  cross  potent  gu. 
Acrit,  or  Acre  (Westmorland).   Az.  on  a  cross  or,  (another 

ax.)  four  escallops  gu. 


ACT 


THE  GENERAL  ARMORY. 


ADA 


Acton  (Aldenham,  co.  Salop).  Gu.  two  lions  pass.  ar.  betw. 
nine  crosses  crosslet  fitch^e  or.  Crest — Within  a  wreath  ar. 
and  gu.  a  human  let;  and  thigh  in  armour  ppr.  garnished  or. 
couped  and  dropping  blood. 

Acton  (Gatacre  Park,  co.  Salop,  the  second  branch  of  the 
Actons  of  Aldenham).  Arms  and  Crtst — As  Acton  of 
Aldenham. 

Acton  (Acton  Scott,  co.  Salop).  Arms  and  Crest— As  Actok 
of  Aldenham. 

Acton,  Dalbergr  (Baron  Acton).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th, 
gu.  semfe  of  cross  crosslets  fitch^e  or,  two  lions  pass,  in  pale 
ar.,  for  .4.cton;  2nd  and  3rd,  quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  az.  six 
fleurs-de-Us  three  two  and  one  ar. ;  a  chief  dancett^e  of 
the  last ;  2nd  and  3rd,  or,  a  cross  patonce  gu.,  over  all  an 
escutcheon  of  the  first  thereon  a  tower  of  the  second  and 
chief  dancett^e  of  the  last.  Supporters — Two  lions  guard, 
ppr.  each  gorged  with  a  chain  or,  and  charged  with  a  cross 
patonce  gu.  Crest  —  A  human  leg  and  thigh  in  armour 
couped  and  dropping  blood  all  ppr.  embellished  or. 

Acton  (Cheshire).  Gu.  a  fesse  erm.  in  chief  and  in  base  a 
lion  pass.  ar.  betw.  two  crosses  crosslet  or.  Crest — A  demi 
lion  ramp,  guard,  ar.  grasping  a  spear  or,  enflled  with  a 
boar"s  head  sa.  couped  gu. 

Acton  (Cheshire).    Ar.  a  chev.  gu. 

Acton  (Leicestershire).  Quarterly,  per  fesse  indented  ar. 
and  az. 

Acton  (London).  Quarterly,  per  fesse  indented  ar.  and  gu. 
in  the  first  quarter  a  Cornish  chough  sa. 

Acton  (Bipford).    Ar.  a  fesse  within  a  bord.  engr.  erm. 

Acton  (Shropshire).  Quarterly,  per  fesse  indented  ar.  and 
gu.  in  the  first  a  bordure  sa. 

Acton  (Warwickshire).    Gu.  a  fesse  within  a  bordure  erm. 

Acton  (Worcestershire.  The  Sutton  branch  terminated  with 
an  heiress,  Joice  Acton,  m.  to  Sir  Thomas  Lucy,  of  Charle- 
cote,  but  its  male  representation  vested  in  William  Joseph 
Acton,  of  Wolverton,  Esq.).  Gu.  a  fesse  erm.  within  a  bor- 
dure engr.  of  the  second.  Creat — An  arm  in  armour  em- 
bowed  ppr.  holding  in  the  hand  a  sword  ar.  hilt  or,  thereon 
a  boar's  head  couped  sa.  the  neck  distilling  blood.  Motto — 
Vaillance  avance  I'homme. 

Acton  (Bockleton,  co.  Worcester).  Same  as  preceding  with 
a  mullet  for  difference. 

Acton  (Acton  Hall,  Ombersley).  Gu.  a  chev.  betw.  three 
cinquefoils  ar.    Visit.  1634,  has  the  chev.  or. 

Acton  (Worcester).  Gu.  a  fesse  and  bordure  both  engr. 
erm.  in  chief  a  chaplet  ppr. 

Acton  (granted  to  Sib  Robert  Acton,  of  Worcestershire, 
Knt.,  and  to  his  nephew,  Robert,  "  who  at  ye  siege  of  BuUeyn 
toke  Mons.  Honingcourt  prisoner").  Gu.  a  fesse  and  bordure 
engr.  erm.  on  a  canton  or,  a  tree  eradicated  of  the  field. 
Crest — An  arm  embowed  in  armour  sa.  garnished  or,  in  the 
gauntlet  a  sword  thereon  impaled  a  boar's  head  erased  of 
the  first  armed  of  the  second. 

Acton.    Gu.  a  bordure  engr.  erm. 

Acton.  Per  fesse  indented  ar.  and  az.  Crest — A  pine  tree 
leaved  vert  fructed  or. 

Acton.  Quarterly,  per  fosse  indented  ar.  and  gu.  on  a  bend 
az.  three  crosses  formde  fitchde  or. 

Acton.    Gu.  a  cross  or,  within  a  bordure  engr.  erm. 

Acton.    Or,  three  bars  vair. 

Acton  (Cheshire,  two  distinct  male  branches  of  Hellesley). 
Az.  a  chev.  between  three  mullets  or  (another  without 
the  chev.). 

Acton.    Ar.  three  piles  wavy  gu. 

Acton  (Gloucester).    Gyronny  of  eight  ar.  and  gu. 

Acton.  The  same ;  adding  in  the  second  quarter  a  cross 
patt<;e  ar.  charged  with  five  escallops  gu. 

Acton.  Gu.  crusilfe  of  crosses  crosslet  fltch^  or,  two  lions 
pass.  ar. 

Acton.  Quarterly,  ar.  and  gu.  in  chief  an  annulet  counter- 
chunccd,  on  a  bend  az.  three  crosses  patt^e  fitch^e  or. 

AcAvell.  Paly  of  six  ar.  and  az.  on  a  chief  gu.  a  leopard 
paiss.  or. 

Acwrell.    Paly  of  six  ar.  and  az.  a  chief  sa. 

Acworth  (Suffolk).  Ar.  a  griffin  segreant  per  fesse  vert 
and  az.  armed  or. 

Acworth  (The  Hook,  co.  Herts).  Erm.  on  a  chief  indented 
gu.  three  coronets  or.    Motto — Vincit  qui  patitur. 

Adair  (Kinhilt,  co.  Wigton).  Per  bend  or  and  sa.  three 
dexter  hands  appaum<k;  couped  and  erect  gu.  Crest — A 
man'D  head  couped  and  bloody  ppr.     Motto — Loyal  au  mort. 

Adair  nicatherton  Park,  co.  Somerset).  Arms,  Ac,  same  as 
preceding, 

Adair  (Baron  Waventy).  Arms — Per  bend  or  and  ar.  three 
dexter  hands  couped  and  erect  gu.  quartering  SnAFTo. 
Supporters  —  Dexter  a  knight-banneret  armed  all  ppr. 
holding  banneret  of  family  arms  diapl. ;  sinister,  an  Irish 


chief  armed  all  ppr.  Crest  —  A  man's  head  affronts 
couped  at  the  neck  ppr.    Motto — Loyal  au  mort. 

Adair  (Genoch,  1772).  Ar.  a  lion  rampant  az.  between  three 
dexter  hands  appaum^e  erected  and  couped  gu.  Crest — A 
man's  head  affront^e  couped  ppr.  distilling  drops  of  blood, 
and  fixed  on  the  point  of  a  sword  erected  in  pale,  also  ppr. 
hilted  and  pommeled  or.  Mottoes — Arte  et  niarte ;  and  For- 
titudine. 

Adair  (Loughanmore,  co.  Antrim).  Arms,  &c.  as  the  pre- 
ceding. 

Adam  (Blair  Adam,  co.  Kinross,  1815).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th, 
ar.  a  mullet  az.  pierced  of  the  field  betw.  three  cross  crosslets 
fitchde  gu. ;  2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  three  arrows  gu.  the  midmost 
paleways  the  other  two  saltireways,  points  downwards  baaded 
together  vert,  accompanied  with  six  trefoils  slipped  of  the 
last,  two  in  chief  two  in  fess  and  two  in  base,  for  Little- 
JOHN.  Crest — A  cross  crosslet  fitchfe  gu.  surmounted  of  a 
sword  in  saltire  ppr.     Motto — Crux  mihi  grata  quies. 

Adam  (Whiteslaid,  co.  Selkirk,  1731).  Quarterly,  1st  and  4th, 
ar.  three  passion  crosses  gu.;  2nd  and  3rd.,  or,  a  burning  hill 
az.  in  chief  three  ravens  wings  expanded  ppr.  a  borduro 
of  the  second  charged  with  eight  passion  crosses  of  the 
first.  Crest — A  passion  cross  or,  charged  with  a  man's  heart 
ppr.     Motto — In  cruce  salus. 

Adam  (Walden,  co.  Essex,  assigned  by  Camden,  Clarencenx 
to  Thomas  Adam,  Esq.,  30  Sept.  1614).  Vert  on  a  cross  or, 
an  etoile  sa.  Crest — Atalbot  passant  az.  bezant^e  collared  ar. 

Adam  (London).  Gu.  on  a  bend  or,  three  leopards'  heads 
vert. 

Adam  (Lincolnshire).  Sa.  three  bars  ar.  in  chief  three 
mullets  of  the  last. 

Adam  (Christchurch,  co.  Hants).  Ar.  a  crescent  betw.  three 
crosses  crosslet  fltchfe  gu.  Crest  —  A  crescent  as  in  the 
arms. 

Adam.  Az.  a  ray  of  the  sun  issuing  out  of  the  dexter 
corner  bendways  ppr. 

Adam  (Lord  ap  Adam  temp.  Edward  I.).  Ar.  on  a  cross  gu. 
five  mullets  or. 

Adam.    Gu.  five  estoiles  in  cross  ( — ). 

Adam  (Bury  St.  Edmunds).  Erm.  on  a  cross  gu.  five  mullets 
or. 

Adam  (London,  1590).    Ar.  on  a  cross  gu.  five  estoiles  or. 

Adams  (London,  1598).  Ar.  on  a  cross  gu.  five  mullets 
(another  five  estoiles)  or,  quartering  Squire,  &c.  Crest — Out 
of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a  demi  lion  affront^e  arg.  Another 
crest — A  lion  saliant  or. 

Adams  (Paterchurch,  co.  Pembroke,  a.d.  1422).  Sa.  a 
martlet  ar.  Another  coat — Quarterly,  1st  and  4th,  sa.  two 
martlets  ar. ;  2nd,  sa.  five  martlets  in  saltire  ar. ;  3rd,  sa.  a 
lion  ramp,  within  a  bordure  engr.  or.  (See  Lewis  Dwnn's 
Visitation  of  Wales,  a.d.  1591). 

Adams  (Holyland  and  Loveston,  both  co.  Pembroke,  de- 
scended from  Adams  of  Paterchurch).  Quarterly,  1st  and 
4th,  ar.  on  a  cross  gu.  five  mullets  or. ;  2nd  and  3rd,  sa.  a 
martlet  ar.  Crest — A  martlet  ar.  Motto — Certior  in  coelo 
domus. 

Adams  (Drummer  Grange,  Hants,  Thorpe,  Surrey,  and 
Chastleton,  Oxon,  descended  from  Adams  of  Loveston).  Or 
on  a  cross  betw.  four  martlets  sa.  five  mullets  of  the  field. 
C-cst — A  martlet  sa.  holding  in  the  beak  a  mullet  or. 
Ji/oMo— Cruce  Duce. 

Adams  (London,  a.d.  1682,  from  Broseley,  Salop).  Quarterly, 
1st  and  4th  sa.  a  martlet  ar. ;  2nd,  quarterly,  ar.  and  sa.  on. 
a  cross  gu.  five  mullets  or. ;  3rd,  per  pale  az.  and  sa.  three 
fleur-de-lis  or,  over  aU  a  mullet  for  difference.  Crest — A 
martlet  ar. 

Adams  (Middleton  Hall,  co.  Carmarthen).  Ar.  on  a  cross 
gu.  five  mullets  or.  ft-e't — Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a  demi 
lion  affronttje  gu.   Motto — Aspire,  persevere,  and  indulge  not. 

Adams  (Anstey,  CO.  Warwick,  lormerly  of  Northamptonshire, 
now  represented  by  Henry  Cadwallader  Adams,  of 
Anstey  Hall,  Esq.).  Vert  on  a  cross  or,  an  estoile  sa.  Crest 
— A  talbot  passant  az.  bezants  collared  ar.  Motto— S\xh 
crucc  Veritas. 

Adams.  Vert  a  cross  or.  Crest— A  griffin's  head  betw.  two 
wings  endorsed  vert  charged  on  the  breast  with  a  cross  or. 

Adams.    Vert  on  a  cross  or,  a  mullet  gu. 

Adams.    Arg.  on  a  cross  gu.  a  mullet  or. 

Adams  (Longdon,  Salop  a.d.  1584,  1623  and  1663).  Quarterly, 
1st  and  4tli,  erra.  three  cats  pass.  az.  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  per 
pale  ar.  and  gu.  a  chevron  between  three  bees  counter- 
changed,  for  Mascott. 

Adams,  alias  Tasker  (London,  descended  from  Doning- 
ton,  Salop).  Erm.  three  cats  pass,  az.,  quartering  Mascott, 
Tasker,  .fee.  Crcii — (a.d.  1584)  Issuing  outof  aducul  coronet 
a  boar's  head  erect  or.  Crest  (altered  in  a.d.  1590)  A  boar'B 
head  ar.  couped  gu. 


ADA 


THE  GENERAL  ARMORY. 


ADD 


Adams  (London,  a.d.  1634,  Norfolk,  a.d.  16G4,  descended 
from  Wcm,  Salop).  Erm.  three  cats  passant  az.  Crest — A 
greyhound's  head  erased  erm. 

Adams  (Charwelton,  co.  Northampton,  descended  from 
William  Adams,  Esq.  who  purchased  Charwelton  Manor  in 
1360.  The  heiress,  Selina  Anne,  daughter  of  the  Rev. 
Fitzherbert  Adams,  LL.B.  of  Charwelton,  m.  George 
Wharton  Marriott,  of  the  Middle  Temple,  Esq.).  Erm.  three 
cats-a-mountain  in  pale  az.  Crczt — A  greyhound's  head 
erased  erm. 

Adams  (Welton  co.  Northampton,  a  branch  of  Adams  of 
Charwelton).     Same  Aruis  and  Crest. 

Adams  (Owston,  Stainsby,  East  Hardwick  and  Camblcsforth, 
all  in  CO.  York,  a.d.  16G5,  granted  1612  by  St.  George).  Gu. 
a  lion  ramp,  or,  between  three  escallops  ar.  on  a  chief  of 
the  last  three  pallets  engr.  sa.  Crext — A  demi  griffin  erm. 
winged  and  beaked  az.  holding  an  escallop  or. 

Adams  (Cheaton  and  Kaynham,  Salop,  a.d.  1584,  London, 
1634).  Erm.  a  fess  vaire  (in  another  place  chocquy)  or  and 
sa.  between  three  roses  gu.  Cre^t — A  griffin's  head  erased 
erm.  beaked  gu.  charged  with  a  chevron  chequy  or  and  sa. 

Adams  (Tydd  St.  Mary,  co.  Lincoln,  1559  and  1634).  Vert 
a  pale  arg.  between  two  griffins  segreant  or.  Cmt — A 
griffin's  head  couped  gu.  beaked  az.  between  two  wings  or, 
pcUetfee.     Granted  1559,  and  confirmed  1562. 

Adam.s  (Middle  Temple,  1639).  Sa.  on  a  bend  or,  betw.  two 
bezants  three  martlets  of  the  field.  Crest — On  a  bezant  a 
demi  eagle  sa. 

Adam.s  (.Middlesex).  Ar.  on  a  bend  az.  (another,  sa.)  three 
trefoils  slipped  or. 

Adams  (Middlesex).  Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  four  martlets  gu. 
three  and  one.     Crest — .Vn  eagle  volant  reguardant. 

Adam.s  (St.  Ives).  Ar.  on  a  chev.  sa.  three  mullets  or, 
pierced  gu. 

Adam.s  (Wales).    Az.  a  crescent  betw.  three  mullets  or. 

Adams.  Quarterly,  erm.  and  az.  in  the  2nd  and  3rd  an 
eagle  rising  or. 

Adams.     Barry  of  six  or  and  az.  a  saltire  gu. 

Adams.     Barry  of  six  ar  and  gu.  over  all  a  lion  ramp.  or. 

Adam.s,  alias  Apadam.  (formerly  of  Charlton, co.  Somerset, 
and  afterwards  of  Fenne,  co.  Devon,  recorded  in  the  Visita- 
tion of  Devon,  1564).  Or,  a  lion  ramp.  betw.  six  cross  crosslets 
sa.,  quartering  Godrnet  and  others. 

Adams  (Brompton,  co.  Kent,  descended  from  Adams  of 
Devonshire).  Or,  a  lion  ramp.  betw.  eight  crosses  ci»r~let 
fitcn^e  sa.  all  within  a  bordure  engr.  az. 

Adam.s  (liowdon,  co.  Devon,  originally  of  Charlton  Adam, 
CO.  Somerset).  Or,  sem^e  of  crosses  crosslet  fitch^e  sa.  a 
lion  ramp.  gu.  within  a  bordure  engr.  of  the  second.  CreU — 
A  dexter  arm  in  armour  ppr.  embowed,  grasping  a  cross 
crosslet  fitch^e  sa.  charged  on  the  elbow  with  a  torteau. 
Motto — Libertas  et  natale  solum. 

Adams  (quartered  by  the  late  Sir  Wiluam  Adams  Rawson, 
knt.  of  Putney,  Surrey).  Per  fesse,  az.  and  sa.  on  a  pale 
betw.  two  mullets  in  chief  ar.  a  mullet  betw.  two  crescents 
of  the  second.  Crest — On  a  mount  vert  an  eagle,  standing 
the  reverse  way  and  reguardant,  wings  expanded  ppr.,  beak 
and  logs  or,  holding  in  the  mouth  a  mullet  sa.,  the  sinister 
claw  resting  on  a  crescent,  reversed,  gold. 

Adam.s  (Fun.  Entry  Ireland,  1630).  Or,  senile  of  cross  cross- 
lets  and  a  lion  ramp.  sa. 

Adams  (Fun.  Ent.  of  John  Adams,  son  of  Randall  Adams, 
Esq.  of  Lcdwichtown  co.  Westmeath  1669).  Vert,  a  pallet 
betw.  two  griffins  segreant  or. 

Adams  (Francis  Ottiwell  Adams,  Esq.,  Secretary  of  Her 
Brittanic  Majesty's  Embassy  at  Paris).  Az.  on  a  fesse  engr. 
betw.  two  cats-a-mountain  passant  guardant  ar.  a  like  cat-a- 
mountain  of  the  first.  Crest — A  cat-a-mountain  guardant 
ar.  collared  az.  resting  the  dexter  fore  paw  on  a  terrestrial 
globe  ppr.     Motto — Suaviter  sed  fortiter. 

Adams  (Northlands,  co.  Cavan).  Gu.  a  heart  between  three 
cross  crosslets  fitch^e  or.  Crest — On  a  mount  vert,  a  cross 
crosslet  fitch^e  or,  charged  with  a  bleeding  heart  gu. 
Motto — In  cruce  salus. 

Adams  (granted  to  Thomas  Adams,  Esq.  of  Bath).      Ar.  a 
cross  engr.   gu.  quarterly  pierced  and  charged    with  four 
mullets  of  the  field  and  in  the  centre  point  a  mullet  of  the 
second  and  in  dexier  canton  a  battle-axe  erect  sa.    Crest — 
Out  of  a  crown  vallery  or,  a  demi  lion  affrontde  ar.  sem^e  of 
mullets  gu. 
Adams  (Tuos.  Adams,  Esq.  of  Nottingham,  J. P.).    Vert  a 
cross  parted  and  fretty  betw.  two  mullets  in  the  1st  and  4th, 
and  as  many  cinquefoils  in  the  2nd  and  3rd  quarters  or. 
Crest— A    talbot   sa.   sem^e    of   cinquefoils  or,   resting  the 
dexter  paw  upon  a  mullet  also  or. 
A  dam  son  (Westmorland).  Vert  on  a  cross  or,  an  estoile  sa. 
Crett — A  talbot  passant  az.  bezant^e  collared  or. 
5 


Adamson.  Ar.  three  crosses  crosslet  fitchfe  gu.  Crest — 
A  lion  passant  holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a  cross  crosslet 
fitchee  gu. 

Adamson  (Graycroock,  North  Britain).  Ar.  a  crescent  gu. 
betw.  three  crosses  crosslet  fitchee  az. 

Adamson  (John  Adamson,  of  Newcastle,  Esq.).  Ar.  three 
crosses  crosslet  fitclnSe  gu.     Crest — A  cross  crosslet  gu. 

Adamson  (Scotland).  Ar.  a  star  gu.  betw.  three  crosses 
cros.^let  fitchee  az. 

Adcock.  Az.  on  a  saltire  ar.  nine  pellets.  Crest — A  foi's 
head  issuing  ar. 

Adan.     Vert  on  a  chev.  ar.  three  pheons  of  the  field. 

Addelley.     Gu.  on  a  chev.  or,  three  crosses  bottony  sa. 

Addenbrooke  (Wollaston  Hall,  co.  Worcester,  granted  20 
April,  1795,  to  John  Addendrooke  Addenbrooke,  Esq.  of 
Wollaston,  high  sheriff  of  Worcestershire,  1798.  He  was  only 
child  of  John  Homfray;  assumed  the  surname  and  arms  of 
Addenbrooke,  under  the  will  of  his  kinsman,  Edw.  .\ddes- 
BRooKE,  Esq.  of  Over  Sapey,  co.  Hereford ;  m.  in  1780,  Ehza- 
bcth,  daiL  of  Michael  Graztbrook,  Esq.  of  Audnam,  and  was 
father  of  the  late  Edw.  Addenbrooke  Addenbrooke,  Esq. 
of  Kingswinford  House,  co.  Stafford,  whose  eldest  son,  the 
Rev.  Edw.  Addenbrooke,  vicar  of  Smethwick,  co.  Stafford, 
is  the  present  representative  of  the  family).  Quarterly,  az. 
and  ar.  a  fesse  wavy  or,  between  three  crescents  counter- 
changed.  Cnst — On  the  banks  of  a  river  an  otter  party  per 
pale  ar.  and  sa.  and  ';harged  with  two  crescents  counter- 
changed. 

Adderbury  (Sussex).    Or,  a  fesse  embattled  sa. 

Adderley  (originally  of  Blakehagh,  co.  Stafford,  and  sub- 
sequently of  Weddington,  co.  Warwick,  Coton,  co.  Stafford, 
and  Hams  Hall,  co.  Warwick,  conDrmed  by  the  Deputies  of 
Camden,  Clarenceux,  to  Hcmfredus  Adderley,  of  Widding- 
ton  or  Weddington,  co.  Warwick,  son  of  Humfredus  Ad- 
derley, of  the  same,  fourth  son  of  Tho.mas  Adderley,  of 
Blackhagh,  co.  Stafford,  and  fourth  in  descent  from  Henrt 
Adderley).  Ar.  on  a  bend  az.  three  mascles  of  the  field. 
Cr,st — On  a  chapeau  gu.  turned  up  erm.  a  stork  ar. 

Adderley  (Coton  Hall,  co.  Stafford).  Ar.  on  a  bend  az. 
three  lozenges  of  tlie  liey  each  charged  with  a  pheon  gu. 
Visit,  of  Stafford,  158:). 

Adderley  (Staffordshire).  Ar.  on  a  bend  gu.  betw.  two 
lions'  heads  erased  sa.  three  crosses  pattee  of  the  field. 

Addice.     Ar.  three  addices  az.  handles  or. 

Adding-ton,  or  Adington  (London).  Per  pale  erm.  and 
ermines  a  chev.  countcrchanged. 

Addingi;on.  Per  pale  erm.  and  ermines  on  a  chev.  five 
lozenges  all  countcrchanged  betw.  three  fleurs-de-lis  or. 
Crest — A  cat-a-mountain  sejant  ppr.  bezantee  supporting 
an  escutcheon  az.  charged  with  a  mace  in  pale  or,  ensigned 
with  a  regal  crown  ppr.  within  a  bordure  engr.  ar. 

Addington  (High  Bickington,  Devon,  came  from  London 
temp.  Henry  VIII.  The  sisters  and  coheirs  of  Thomas 
Addington,  Esq.  who  died  in  168S,  married  Incledon,  Docton, 
and  Willyams).  Per  pale  ermine  and  ermines  on  a  chev. 
betw.  three  fleurs-dchs  four  lozenges  all  countcrchanged. 
Crest — A  leopard  sejant  guardant  ar.  pellett^e. 

Adding1;on  (Viscount  H'diuoi'th).  Per  pale  ermine  and 
ermines  a  chev.  charged  with  five  lozenges  countcrchanged 
betw.  three  fleurs-de-lis  or.  C/'csS— A  cat-a-mountain  sejant 
guardant  ppr.  bezantee,  his  dexter  fore  paw  resting  on  an 
escutcheon  az.  charged  with  a  mace  erect  surmounted  with 
a  regal  crown  or,  (in  memory  of  the  first  lord  having  been 
Speaker  of  the  House  of  Commons)  within  a  bordure  engr. 
ar.  Supporters — Two  stags,  the  dexter  ermines,  the  sinister 
ermine,  each  attired  and  gorged  with  a  chain  therefrom 
pendant  a  key  all  or.     Motto — Libertas  sub  rege  pio. 

Addison  (Preston,  co.  Lancaster).  Same  Arms.  Crest — A 
tower  ar. 

Addison  (Sudbury,  and  of  Chilton).  Erm.  on  a  bend  gu. 
three  annulets  ar.  on  a  chief  az.  three  etoiles  of  the  third. 
Cre^t — A  unicorn's  head  erased  ar.  pierced  through  the  neck 
with  an  arrow  and  charged  on  the  breast  with  three  an- 
nulets 

Addison  (Joseph  Addison,  Secretary  of  State  temp.  Queen 
Anne).  Erm.  on  a  bend  gu.  three  annulets  or,  a  chief  az. 
charged  with  three  leopards'  heads  of  the  third.  Crest — A 
unicorn's  head  erased  transpierced  by  an  arrow  in  bend 
sinister. 

Addison.  Erm.  on  a  bend  gu.  three  annulets  or,  on  a  chief 
vert  as  many  leopards'  faces  of  the  third. 

Addison  (Newark  House,  Maidstone,  Kent).  Sa.  a  bend  enn. 
betw.  two  snakes  nowed  or,  a  chief  ar.  thereon  three  leopards' 
faces  gu.  Cresi — A  snake  nowed  as  in  the  arms  in  front  of  a 
demi  eagle  wings  displ.  sa.  holding  in  the  beak  a  snake  en- 
twined round  the  neck  ppr.    Afo(to— Addecet  honeste  vivere. 

Addison  (Wednesbury,  co.  Stafford).    Ar.  a  pile  gu.  three 


ADD 


THE  GENERAL  ARMORY. 


AG  A 


annulets  one  and  two  counterchanged  a  chief  of  the  second 
thereon  three  garbs  or.  Crest— X  demi  unicorn  couped  ar. 
armed  hoofed  and  crined  or,  the  sinister  foot  resting  on  an 
inescutcheon  gu.  charged  with  a  leopard's  face  gold. 

Addott.     Per  chev.  gu.  and  ar. 

Addots.  Per  chcv.  gu.  and  ar.  two  squirrels  in  chief  sejant 
cracking  nuts  or,  and  three  piles  in  base  vert. 

Addreston,  or  Aderston.  Az.  three  martlets  within  a 
bordure  cngr.  ar.  two  and  one. 

Addyes  (Droitwich,  co.  Worcester).  Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three 
crosses  patt^e  gu. 

Addyes,  or  Addis  (Great  Barr,  CO.  Stafford,  descended 
from  Sir  Degoby  .iVddis,  Knt.,  who  died  1521).  Arms  as  the 
last. 

Adeane  (Babraham,  co.  Cambridge).  Vert  on  a  chev.  betw. 
three  griffins'  heads  erased  or,  as  many  estoiles  sa.,  quarter- 
ing JorfEs,  Bbtdges,  and  Chandos.  Crest— A  griffin's  head 
collared  betw.  two  wings. 

Adeleigh,  or  Audley.    Gu.  fretty  or. 

Adeley.     Or,  three  ravens  in  pale  sa. 

Adelmare,  alias  Caesar.  Gu.  three  roses  ar.  on  a  chief 
of  the  second  as  many  roses  of  the  first.  Crest — The  sea 
vert  thereon  a  dolphin  embowed  ppr. 

Aderson.  Lozengy  az.  and  ar.  a  chief  or.  Crest — A  cup 
ar.  therefrom  three  branches  of  laurel  vert. 

Aderton,  or  Alderton  (Lancashire).  Sa.  three  sword 
chapes  or.     Crest— A.  hand  holding  a  scimetar  ppr. 

Adgrer.  Az.  on  a  fesse  ar.  three  water  bougets  sa.  Crest — 
A  swan  with  wings  endorsed  rcguard.  ar.  murally  crowned 
gu.  resting  the  foot  upon  an  escallop  shell  or. 

Adey  (Daniel  Goodson  Adey,  of  Merkyate  Cell  or  Prioij', 
CO.  Hertford,  Esq.,  descended  from  the  Kentish  family  of  the 
.■same  name,  formerly  settled  at  Doddington,  in  that  county, 
and  representative  of  the  branch  domiciled  for  the  last  two 
centuries  at  Combe,  co.  Gloucester).  Ar.  on  a  bend  az. 
three  leopards'  faces  or.  Crest— A  leopard's  face  or,  jessant 
a  fleur-de-hs  gu. 

Adingrton.    Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  three  escallops  sa. 

Adingrton.    Sa.  a  bend  ar. 

Adinstoun  (that  Ilk,  co.  Berwick).  Ar.  a  cross  engr.  sa. 
cantoned  with  four  crosses  crosslet  fitch^e  gu. 

Adis  (Middlesex).    Gu.  a  chev.  betw.  three  crosses  patt(5e  ar. 

Adkins.  Erm.  in  chief  two  lions  ramp.  az.  Crest — A  lion 
ramp.  gu.  supporting  a  flagstaff  and  ropes  ppr.  flag  ar. 
charged  with  a  cross  gu. 

Adlam  (Manor  House,  Chew  Magna,  co.  Somerset,  con- 
firmed to  William  /U)lam,  Esq.  of  that  place,  J. P.,  F.S.A.). 
Az.  seven  rays  issuing  from  the  sun  in  the  dexter  canton 
bendwise  ppr.  the  centre  ray  betw.  two  etoiles  in  bend  sinis- 
ter ar. ;  quartering  ar.  two  bars  engr.  vert  each  charged 
with  a  spear  head  or,  betw.  nine  martlets  gu.,  for  Moobe; 
on  an  escutcheon  of  pretence  ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  stags' 
heads  affront^e  gu.,  for  Pahker.  Cre^i — A  mount  vert, 
thereon  in  front  of  rays  of  the  sun  an  eagle  ppr.  gorged  with 
a  collar  sa.     Motto — Tyine  proveth  trvth. 

Adlam.  Or,  three  mullets  az.  on  a  bordure  of  the  last  as 
many  bezants  in  chief.    Cre.tt — A  hand  gu.  holding  a  lure  or. 

Adlard.  Ar.  on  a  fesse  gu.  betw.  three  wolves'  heads  erased 
sa.  as  many  mullets  of  the  field.  Crest — A  cubit  arm  holding 
in  the  hand  a  dagger  erect  all  ppr. 

Adler  (Ilaverstoke,  co.  Essex).  Sa.  two  bends  erm.  on  a 
caViton  ar.  a  lion  ramp,  of  the  first.  Crest — A  denii  eagle 
with  wings  displ.  sa.  charged  on  the  breast  with  an  etoile  or. 

Adley,  or  Adelley  (Somersetshire).  Gu.  on  a  chev.  or, 
three  crosses  crosslet  sa. 

Adlington  (Cheshire).    Ar.  a  cross  flory  sa. 

Adllngton  (Adlington,  co.  Lancaster,  1567,  IGl.?,  1664). 
Sa.  a  ctuT.  hetw.  three  antelopes'  heads  ar.  attired  or. 

Adlington  (Holme  Hale  Hall,  Norfolk).  Sa.  a  cliev.  betw. 
three  goats'  heads  erased  ar.  Crext — A  goat's  head  as  in  the 
arms.     Motto — Per  antiquam  cartam. 

Adlyn  (London,  1590).  Gu.  nine  martlets,  three,  three,  two, 
and  one,  or.     Crest — On  a  mount  vert  a  martlet  or. 

Adney.  Az.  a  fesse  dancett<$e  betw.  thiec  cherubs'  heads 
ar.  Crest — An  eagle's  head  holding  in  the  beak  an  acorn, 
slipped  ani  leaved  ppr. 

Adokes  (Lancashire).  Ar.  across  sa.  in  the  first  quarter  a 
fleur-Oe-lis  gu. 

AdolphuB  (Sir  Jacob  Adolpiids,  M.D.,  Knt.,  Inspector- 
general  of  Army  Hospitals).  Az.  a  knight's  helmet  with 
snake  entwined  round  it  betw.  three  lions'  heads  erased  or. 
Crr.t — A  dcmi  lion  ramp,  murally  crowned  holding  a 
knight  s  helmet  betw.  the  pawa. 

Adott.  Per  chev.  gu.  and  paly  of  six  Tcrt  and  az.  in  chief 
two  squirrels  respecting  each  other  cracking  nuts  or. 

Adrian.     Gu.  four  escallops  in  cross  or,  the  top  of  each 
•hell  meeting  in  the  centre  point. 
ti 


Adronkel.     Ar.  on  a  cross  form^e  gu.  a  mullet  pierced  or. 

Adryan.     Barry  nebula  ar.  and  sa.  a  chief  chequy  or  and  az. 

Adrypayn  (Lincolnshire).     Gu.  a  fesse   hummett^  ar. 
chief  three  griffins'  heads  erased  or. 

Adston.     Ar  a  bend  indented  sa. 

Adston,  or  Adiston.     Ar.  a  fesee  gu.  betw.  three  pellets. 

Adventurers  (Merchant),  or  Hambrough  Mer- 
cliants.  (This  society  was  incorporated  2i  Edw.  I.,  1296, 
and  obtained  ample  privileges,  and  a  confirm^ition  of  their 
charter  from  Queen  Elizabeth.)  Barry  nebulee  of  six  ar. 
and  az.  a  chief  quarterly  gu.  and  or,  on  the  1st  and  4tli 
quarters  a  lion  pass,  guard,  of  the  fourth;  on  the  2nd 
and  3rd,  two  roses  gu.  barbed  vert.  Cre:t — .V  pegasus  cur- 
rent with  wings  indorsed  ar.  Supporters — Two  pegasi  ar. 
with  wings  indorsed  each  charged  on  the  wing  with  three  roses 
in  pale  gu.     Motto — Dieu  nous  adventure  donne  bonne. 

Adventurers  (Ne-w),  or  Frencli  Merchants.  Barry 
wavy  of  six  ar.  and  az.  a  chief  quarterly  gu.  and  or,  on  the 
1st  and  4th,  a  Hon  pass,  guard,  of  the  last;  on  the  2nd 
and  3rd  two  roses  gu.  seeded  or,  barbed  vert  over  all  on  an 
inescutcheon  az.  a  sceptre  in  pale  or.  Crest— Two  anchors 
in  saltire  and  a  sceptre  in  pale  all  or.  Supporter.^ — Two 
pegasi  ar.  with  wings  indorsed  or.  maned  and  hoofed  of  the 
last.     Motto — Reddite  cuique  suum. 

Adwood.     Gu.  a  lion  ramp,  tail  fourohiSe  nowed  ar. 

Ady  (Kent  and  Southwark,  granted  1615).  Az.  a  fesse  daun- 
cett^  betw.  three  cherubims'  heads  or,  faces  ar.  Crest — 
On  a  mount  vert  a  stag  lodged  ar.  attired  and  ducally 
crowned  or. 

Ady,  or  Adry.  Gu.  on  a  bend  ar.  three  leopards'  faces  sa. 
Crest — A  leopard's  face  or,  jessant  a  fleur-de-lis  gu. 

Ady,  Adey,  or  Addey  (Kent,  London,  and  Hereford- 
shire). Gu.  on  a  bend  ar.  three  leopards'  faces  vert  langucd 
of  the  field. 

Adyer  (Kent).  Ar.  a  chev.  dauncett^  betw.  three  cherubims 
gu.     Crest — 'A  cherub's  head  ppr. 

Adyn  (Dorchester).  Ar.  on  a  saltire  gu.  five  lions  saliant  or. 
Crest — A  lion's  head  ppr. 

Adys  (Herefordshire  and  London).  Ar.  a  chev.  couped 
betw.  three  crosses  pattee  gu.  Crest — A  cock  erm.  (Vis. 
of  London,  1633-4.     JIarl.  MSS.  1476.) 

Adzwood.     Ar.  three  ravens'  heads  couped  ppr. 

Aerboroug-h,  or  Aerburg'.  Or,  an  eagle's  head  with 
hounds'  ears  az. 

Afla.eck  (Dalham  Hall,  co.  Suffolk,  Bart.).  Ar.  three  bars  sa. 
Crest — An  ear  of  wheat  bearded  ppr.  Motto — Pretiosum 
quod  utile. 

Affleck,  or  Auchinleck  (Glenbcrvie,  Kincardineshire). 
Ar.  a  cross  embattled  sa.     Crest — An  eagle  rising  ppr. 

Afordbie  (Afordby,  co.  Lincoln).  Ar.  a  saltire  engr.  sa. 
Crest — A  horse's  head  erased  sa.  bridled  or. 

Afton  (Devonshire).  Ar.  a  chev.  cngr.  betw.  three  fleurs- 
de-lis  sa. 

African  (Royal)  Company  (Incorporated  20  Jan.  14 
Charles  II.  1G62).  Or,  an  elepliant  az.  on  his  back  a  quad- 
rangular castle  ar.  masoned  ppr. ;  on  the  sinister  tower  a 
flagstaff  and  banner  gu.  on  the  dexter  corner  of  the 
banner  a  canton  arg.  chai-ged  with  a  cross  gu.  on  the 
dexter  corner  of  the  escutcheon  a  canton  quarterly  of 
France  and  England.  Crest — On  a  ducal  coronet  or.  an 
anchor  erect  sa.  cabled  of  the  first  betw.  two  dragons' 
wings  expanded  ar.  each  charged  with  a  cross  gu.  Sup- 
jiortcrs — Two  African  blacks  ppr.  vested  rounii  the  waist 
with  a  skirt  ar.  pearls  in  their  ears  and  round  their  necks 
banded  round  the  temples  or,  thereon  feathers  erect  of  va- 
rious colours  each  holding  in  his  exterior  hand  an  arrow  or, 
barbed  and  feathered  ar.  Motto — Regio  floret  patiocinio 
commercium  commercioque  regnuni. 

Agane.  Per  pale  ar.  and  sa.  a  chev.  erm.  betw.  six  mart- 
lets counterchanged  of  the  field. 

Agar  (Gowran  Castle,  co.  Kilkenny).  Az.  a  lion  rairip.  or. 
Crest — A  demi  lion  ramp.  or. 

Agar  (Viscount  Cii/den).  Same  Arms  and  Crest.  Sup- 
porters— Two  lions  per  fess  or  and  az.  collared  and  chained 
gu.  Motto — Spectcmur  agendo.  The  second  Viscount  Clif- 
den  assumed  the  name  and  arms  of  ElLis,  'whicK  see. 

Agar  {Lord  Callan).  The  same  Arms  and  Cirst  as  Agar  of 
Gowran.  Supporters — Dexter  a  unicorn  ar.  horned  maned 
hoofed  and  tufted  or ;  sinister  a  white  horse  ppr.  Motto — 
Via  trita  via  tuta. 

Agar  {Counlcsi  of  Brn)idon).     Same  Arms  and  Supporters. 

Agar  (Eiirl  of  Normnnton).  Arms  and  Crest  same  as  AoAR 
of  Gowran.  A  nudlet  for  difT.  Supporters — Two  lions  the 
dexter  per  bend  and  the  sinister  per  bend-sinister  or,  and 
az.  collared  and  chained  gu.  each  charged  on  the  shoulder 
with  a  crescent.     Motto — Via  trita  via  tuta. 

Agar  (Ireland,  and  Cranham  llall,  co.  Essex).    Az.  a  lioD 


A  G  A 


THE  GENERAL  ARMORY. 


AIT 


ramp.  or.     Crest — A  demi  lion  ramp.  or.    Motto — Spectemur 
agendo. 
Agrar-Robartes.    See  Robartes. 

Agard  (Lancashire).     Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  boars'  heads 
erased  sa.  langued  eu.  armed  or.     Crest — A  buglchorn  ar. 

garnished  or,  stringed  sa. 
Agrard  (Lancashire).    Ar.  a  chev.  (another  engr.)  gu.  betw. 
three  boars'  heads  coui)ed  sa.     Crest — An  ibex's  head  or, 
charged  with  hurts  mancd  tufted  horned  and  collared  az. 
Agrard    (Koston,   co.   Derby  :    the   last  male    heir,  Charles 
Agard,  Esq.  d.  temp.  Charles  IL;  one  of  his  coheiresses  m. 
John  Stanhope,  of  Elvaston).    Same  Arms  as  foregoing,  ex- 
cept that  the  chev.  is  engr. 
Ag'ard  (Sudbury,  co.   Derby).      Ar.  on  a  chev.  gu.  betw. 

three  boars'  heads  coupcd  sa.  a  fleur-de-lis  or. 
Ag'as  (Wymondham,  co.  Norfolk).     Az.  a  fesse  cottiscd  erm. 

in  chief  three  stags'  heads  cabossed  or.     Crest — A  Moor's 

head  sa.  wreathed  about  the  temples  ar.  and  gu. 
Aeayle,  or  Ayale.    Or,  three  pallets  sa. 
Ag'g'assiz.    Az.  three  savages'  heads  in  profile  ar. 
Ag'g'e  (Overbury,  co.  Worcester).    Ar.  a  fess  engr.  sa.  betw. 

three  fleurs-de-lis  gu. 
Ag'g'S,  or  Ag'all.    Gu.  a  fesse  cottised  or,  surmounted  by 

two  sabres  addorsed  saltireways  az.   hilt  and  pomel  of  the 

second.    Crest — On  a  chapeau  ppr.  a  bull  statant  sa. 
Ag'illon,  Agrillun,  and  Ag-ilmo.    Gu.  a  fleur-de-lis  ar. 
Aginal  (Cresscley).    Ar.  a  lion  ramp,  reguard.  gu. 
Aglionby  (Aglionby,  co.  Cumberland,  Carlisle  and  Nunnery). 

Arg.  two  bars  and  in  chief   three    martlets  sa.     Crest — A 

demi  eagle  displ.  or. 
Aglionby  (Bulsall  Temple).    Same  as  the  preceding. 
Agmondesham  (Horseley,  co.  Surrey;.    Ar.  on  a  chev.  az. 

between  three  boars'  heads  couped  sa.  langued  or,  five  cinque- 
foils  of  the  last.     Cre^t — A  stag  or. 
Agnew  (Lochnaw,  co.  Wigton,  Bart.).    Ar.  a  chev.  between 

two  cinquefoils  in  chief  gu.  and  a  saltier  couped  in  base  az. 

Crest — An  eagle  issuant  and  reguard.   ppr.      Supporters — 

Two  heraldic  tigers  ppr.  collared  and  chained  or.     Motto— 

Consilio,  non  impetu. 
AgTLe'W    (Dalragle,    co.    Wigton).     As  Lochnaw   within  a 

bordure  engr.  gu.     Cre^t — An  eagle  reguard.  ppr.    Motto — 

Consil'o  non  impetu. 
Agnew    (Vans  -  Agnew,    of    Bambarroch,    co.    Wigton, 

as  representative    of   Vans  of   Bambarroch,  and    Agnew 

of  Sheuchan,  a  scion  of   Lochnaw).      Quarterly,    1st    and 

4th,  ar.  a  bend   gu. ;    2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  a  chev.  ensigned 

with  a  cross  crosslet  fltch^e  sa.  betw.  in  chief   two  cinque- 
foils gu.  and  in  base  a  saltire  couped  az.     Crests — 1st,  a  lion 

ramp,  holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a  pair  of  balances  ppr. ; 

2nd,  an  eagle  issuant  and  reguard.  ppr.    Mottos — Be  faithful, 

for  Vans  ;  Consilio  non  impetu,  for  Agnew. 
Agnew  (Castlewige,   co.  Wigton).      As  Lochnaw  within  a 

bordure  ar.  charged  with  fleurs-de-lis  gu. 
Agollon,  or  Agnlltin  (Yorkshire).    Gu.  on  a  canton  ar. 

a  cross  flory  sa. 
Agon.    Ar.  a  chev.  between  three  martlets  sa. 
Agras.    Ar.  a  hind  trippant  gu.  on  a  canton  of  the  second 

three  lozenges  of  the  first. 
Agxevell  (Chesley).    Or,  a  lion  ramp,  reguard.  az.    Crest 

— A  bezant. 
Agruall.    Gu.  crusul^  or,  a  lion  ramp,  guard,  of  the  second. 

Crest — A  lion's  face  guard,  betw.  two  wings  ppr. 
Aguilliams.  Ar.  a  lion  ramp,  ermines  armed  sa.  collared  or. 
Agnillon.     Sa.  a  lion  ramp.  erm.     Crest — A  pelican  vulning 

herself  ppr. 
Agnilluni,  or  Agnllum.    Gu.  on  a  canton  ar.  a  cross 

flory  az. 
Agworthi    Ar.  a  fesse  gu.  betw.  three  torteaux.      Crest — 

A  torteau. 
Ahlen.     Per  fesse  ar.  and  az.  a  stock  or  trunk  of  a  tree 

couped  and  eradicated  in  bend  or. 
A Tl rends.     Ar.  five  stalks  of  rye  growing  out  of  ground  in 

base  vert.  Cre^t — An  eagle  ppr.  Motto — Post  nubila  Phoebus. 
Aicken  (Fun.  Ent.  of  David  Aicken,  of  Dublin,  gent.,  died 

8  Sept.  1654).    Barry  of  six  ar.  and  az.  on  a  chief  of  the  last 

a  cinquefoil  or,  betw.  two  bezants. 
Aidgman.    Sa.  five  plates  on  a  chief  or,  a  lion  pass.  gu. 

between  two  thistles  ppr.     Crest — A  demi  eagle  or,  charged 

on  the  breast  with  a  thistle  ppr. 
Aigler,  or  Ayler.    Az.  a  cinquefoil  erm.  pierced  witliin 

a  bordure  engr.  or.     Crest — Two  wings  in  lure. 
Aigbton  (Lancashire).    Sa.  three  garbs  or.     Crest — A  snake 

ceiled  up  ppr. 
Aigles  (Northumberland  and  Northamptonshire).    Sa.  three 

lions    ramp,    (sometimes   guard,   or   pass.)   ar.      Crest — A 

hunting  horn  ppr. 
Aiken.    Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  cockt'  heads  ta. 
7 


Aiken,  or  Aicken.    Gu.  a  cross  crosslet  or,  cantoned  with 

four  bezants.     Crest — A  fountain  throwing  up  water  ppr. 
Aikenhead  (of  that  Ilk,  Scotland).    Ar.  three  acorns  slipped 
vert.     Crest — A  demi  savage  holding  in  the  right  hand  three 
laurel  sprigs  fructed  ppr.     3/o((o— Kupto  robore  nati. 
Aikin  (Liverpool).    Ar.  on  a  chev.  az.  betw.  two  cocks  in 
chief  and  a  buckle  in  base  gu.  a  lion  ramp,  of  the  field 
crowned  or  (as  maternally  descended  from  the  family  of 
Macdowal).     Crest — An  oak  tree  vert.     Motto — Sub  robore 
virtus. 
Aikman  (Lodurn,   afterwards  Caimie,  co.  Forfar;    William 
Aikman,  the  Painter,  was  representative  of  this  family).  Ar. 
a  sinister  hand  holding  an  oaken  batton  paleways  ppr.  sur- 
mounted of   a    bend   engr.    gu.     Crest — An  oak  tree  ppr. 
Motto — Sub  robore  virtus. 
Ailard.    Ar.  two  bars  betw.  nine  martlets  vert. 
Aile,  or  Ayles.     Chequy  or  and  gu.  a  bend  ar.     Crest— A 

dexter  arm  embowed  fist  clenched  ppr. 
Ailesbnry,  Marquess  of.    See  Bkcdenell-Bbuce. 
Ailsa,  Marquess  of.    See  Kennedy. 
Aime,  or  Aine.    Az.  a  ship  in  full  sail  or,  in  the  sea  ppr. 
Crest — A  pillar  barry  of  four  gu.  and  or  winged  ppr. 

Ainge  (London).  Az.  a  chev.  erm.  betw.  three  crosses  patt^e 
ar.     Crest — A  cross  form^e  fitch^e  or,  betw.  two  wings  az. 

Ainslie  (Pilton,  co.  Edinburgh,  representative  of  Dolphing- 
ton).  Or,  a  cross,  flory  gu.  Crest — On  ti  chapeau  a  naked 
arm  embowed  grasping  a  scimitar  ppr.  Supporters — Two 
knights  in  chain  armour  armed  at  all  points,  the  dexter  hav- 
ing the  beaver  of  his  helmet  up  and  leaning  on  a  shield  or, 
charged  with  a  cross  flory  gu.,  the  sinister  capuched  with  a 
skull  cap  holding  a  spear  with  a  flowing  pennon  az.  in 
which  in  a  canton  ar.  is  the  above-mentioned  crest.  Motto 
— Pro  patria  ssepe,  pro  rege  semper. 

Ainslie  (Bart.  1804).  Or,  a  cross  flory  gu.  charged  with  a 
mullet  ar.  Crest — A  naked  arm  from  the  shoulder  embowed 
grasping  a  scimitar  all  ppr.  Supporters — Two  chevaliers 
armed  at  all  points  ppr.,  the  dexter  leaning  on  a  shield  or, 
charged  with  a  cross  flory  gu.,  the  sinister  holding  over  his 
shoulder  a  battleaxe  ppr.     Motto— Vto  rege  et  patria. 

Ainslie  (Blackhill,  Scotland).  Or,  across  flory  gu.  a  bordure 
az.  Crest — A  pelican's  head  erased  ppr.  Motto — Pietas 
tutissima  virtus. 

Ainslie  (Grizedale,  Lancashire).  Or,  a  cross  flory  sa.  Crest — 
An  eagle's  head  erased  ppr.  Motto  —  Pietas  tutissima 
virtus. 

Ainsworth  (Smithills  Hall,  and  of  Moss  Bank,  co.  Lane.). 
Gu.  three  battleaxes  ar.  Crest — A  man  in  armour  holding 
a  battleaxe  ppr.     Motto — Spero  meliora. 

Ainsworth  (formerly  of  Plessington,  now  of  Showley,  co. 
Lancashire).  Az.  three  spades  within  a  bordure  or.  Crest 
— A  man  at  arms  fully  armed  affront^e  holding  a  battleaxe 
over  his  right  shoulder  all  ppr. 

Ains'wortll  (Spotland,  co.  Lancashire).  Gu.  three  battleaxes 
ar.  Crest — A  man  at  arms  in  complete  armour  holding  in 
his  right  hand  arm  extended  a  battleaxe  all  ppr, 

Aiphant.     Gu.  three  crescents  ar. 

Air.  Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  quatrefoils  sa.  Cre^t — ^The 
stump  of  an  oak  sprouting  out  new  branches,  ppr. 

Airay.    Paly  of  six  gu.  and  ar.  in  chief  a  mullet  or. 

Aird.  Sa.  on  a  chev.  betw.  three  wolves'  heads  erased  ar.  a 
falcon's  head  couped  of  the  first.  Crest — A  cock  ppr. 
Motto — Vigilantia. 

Aire.    Az.  three  water  bubbles  ppr. 

Airlie,  Earl  of.    See  Ogilvie. 

Airmine.    See  Armine. 

Airth. (Scotland :  Sir  William  de  Airth  of  that  Ilk,  mentioned 
in  Ragman's  Roll  as  one  of  the  great  proprietors  who  swore 
fealty  to  Edward  I.,  died  without  male  issue.  His  elde.st 
daughter  and  co-heir  conveyed  the  estate  of  Airth,  in 
marriage,  to  Robert  Bruce,  ancestor  of  the  Brdces  of 
Airth).    Ar.  achiefsa.     Crest — A  cock  crowing  ppr. 

Airy.    Sa.  a  fesse  or. 

Aiscough,  or  Ayscoghe  (of  Stallingbro'  and  Kelscy,  co. 
Line).  Sa.  a  fesse  or  betw.  three  asses  passant  ar.  Crest — A 
cross  crosslet  fitchfe  az.     Motto — In  hoc  signo  vinces. 

Aisincourt.  Ar.  an  eagle  displ.  with  two  heads  gu.  Crest 
— A  demi  eagle  displ.  with  two  heads. 

Aiskell,  Aiskill,  and  Askill.  Erm.  a  chief  embattled 
gu.     Crest — In  the  sea  an  anchor  in  pale  ppr. 

Aislabie  (Osgodby,  Yorkshire,  1623).  Gu.  three  lozenges 
conjoined  in  fesse  ar.  betw.  as  many  lions'  heads  erased  or. 
Crest — A  lion's  head  erased  gu.  gorged  with  three  lozenges 
conjoined  in  fesse  ar. 

Aitclieson  (Gosford,  co.  Edinburgh).  Ar.  a  two-headed 
eagle  displ.  sa.  on  a  chief  vert  two  spur  rowels  or. 

Aitcheson  (Sydserff,  Scotland).  The  same  within  a  bordure 
invecked  of  the  second.    Motto — Ane  chast  arbor. 


AIT 


THE  GENERAL  ARMORY. 


A  L  C 


Aitcheson  (Pittenweem  Scotland,  1672).  Or,  a  double- 
headed  eagle  displ.  sa.  on  a  chief  vert  a  cross  staff  between 
two  spur  rowels  gold.  Crest— An  astrolob  ppr.  Motto- 
Observe. 

Aitcheson  (RochsoUoch,  co.  Lanark).  Ar.  a  double-headed 
eagle  displ.  sa.  on  a  chief  vert  a  crescent  of  the  field 
betw.  two  spur  rowels  or.  Crest — A  cock  ppr.  ilotto — 
"Vigilantibus. 

Aitcheson  (Gen.  Sir  John  Aitcheson,  K.C.B.,  1867).  Ar. 
a  double-headed  eagle  displ.  sa.  charged  on  the  breast  with 
a  garland  of  laurel  or,  a  bordure  embattled  of  the  third, 
on  a  chief  also  of  the  third  a  mural  crown  between  two 
mullets  of  the  fourth.  Crest— A  cock  standing  on  a  trumpet 
or.     Motto — Vigilaniibus. 

Aitken  (Saltcoats,  co.  Stirling,  1871).  Ar.  a  chevron  gu. 
between  three  cocks  sa.  Crest — An  oak  tree  ppr.  Motto — 
Eobore  et  \ieilantia. 

Aitkin,  or  Atkin.  Or,  a  bend  chequey  gu.  and  ar.  in  chief 
a  talbot  pass.  sa.     Crest— A  boat  ppr. 

Aito,  or  Auito  (Devonshire).  Or,  three  Moors'  heads  in 
profile  sa.  two  and  one  wreathed  about  the  temples  ar.  and 
pearls  in  their  ears.  Crest— Out  of  a  cloud  an  arm  ppr. 
holding  a  sword  erect  ar.  hilt  or,  on  the  blade  a  Moor's  head 
as  in  the  arms. 

Akarys,  Akers,  Akeris,  or  Akjrris.  Ar.  on  a  bend 
sa.  three  acorns  or,  husked  vert.   Crest — A  griffin's  head  gu. 

Akaster.  Ar.  on  a  chev.  sa.  three  acorns  or.  Crest — A 
demi  griffin  or. 

Akeholt  (Kent).  Quarterly  ar.  and  az.  a  bend  compony 
counter  compony  or  and  gu. 

Akeland  (Devonshire).  Barry  of  eight  ar.  and  sa.  a  pale 
counterchanged  and  afesse  gu. 

Akeland  (Devonshire).  Ar.  a  pale  sa.  overall  a  fesse  gu. 
voided  of  the  first  cottised  of  the  second. 

Akeland,  or  Akelout  (Gloucestershire).  Ar.  on  a  bend 
cottised  gu.  three  mullets  (another,  martlets)  or. 

Akelham  (Yorkshire).  Gu.  a  maunch  betw.  eight  cinque- 
foils  in  orle  ar. 

Akelyot.  Gu.  a  fesse  dancett^e  "ar.  betw.  three  battle- 
axes  or. 

Akeney.    Ar.  a  cross  betw.  four  lions  ramp.  vert. 

Akenbead  (Northumberland,  1685).  Per  fesse  or  and  ar. 
three  acorns  erect  in  base  gu.  and  in  chief  a  woodman  with 
a  club  over  his  dexter  shoulder  wreathed  round  the  middle 
all  ppr. 

Akenhead  (Otterington  Hall,  co.  York).  Ar.  three  acorns 
Bhpped  vert.  Crest — A  demi  savage  holding  in  his  dexter 
hand  three  laurel  slips  fructed  ppr.  Motto— Rupto  robore 
nati. 

Akenside.  Sa.  a  chev.  betw.  three  darts  points  upwards 
.shafts  broken  ar.     Crest — An  arrow  ppr. 

Akenthorp  (Akenthorp,  co.  Derby).  "Vert,  a  chev.  betw. 
three  escallops  or. 

Aker,  or  Acre.  Gu.  three  fusils  in  fesse  or,  betw.  as 
many  escallops  ar.     Crest — A  triangular  harrow. 

Akerman,  or  Ackerman  (granted  20  May,  1761,  to  Isaac 
Akerman,  of  London  and  Surrey).  Quarterly  per  fesse  in- 
dented tirst  and  fourth,  gu.  in  chief  a  maunch  ar.  in  base  an 
acorn  sprig  or,  second  and  third  or,  three  dragons'  heads 
couped  of  the  first.  Crest — Out  of  a  palisado  coronet  or,  an 
arm  eml)owed  habited  gu.  cuff  ar.  holding  in  the  hand  ppr. 
an  oak-branch  leaved  vert  fructed  gold. 

Akeroyd  (Koggathorpc,  co.  York).  Az.  a  chev.  erm.  betw. 
three  stags'  heads  erased  ar. 

Akers.    See  Aokarys,  and  Ackers. 

Akers  (Kent;  and  St.  Christopher,  St.  Vincent,  and  other 
islands  of  the  West  Indies).  Quarterly,  1st  an  4th,  Douolas 
of  liaads;  2nd  and  3rd,  Akers.    See  Douglas  of  Baads. 

Aket  (Derbyshire).     Ar.  two  bends  gu. 

Aket.  Ar.  on  a  fesse  betw.  two  cottises  gu.  three  fleurs- 
do-lis  of  the  field. 

Akroyd  (Banlifield,  co.  Y'ork.  Edward  Akhotd,  Esq.  of 
Bankficld  and  Denton  Park,  co.  York,  M.P.,  J. P.  and  D.L., 
ton  of  the  late  Jonathan  Akroyd,  Esq.)  Az.  a  chev.  and  in 
base  a  stag's  head  erased  arg.  on  a  chief  of  the  last  two 
•tags'  heads  erased  of  the  field.  Crest— In  front  of  a  stag's 
head  ppr.  three  spear  heads  sa.  encircled  by  a  wreath  of  oak, 
mho  ppr.     Motto — In  veritale  victoria. 

Alaband.    Sa.  a  dog  couchant  on  a  cushion  or. 

Alan  (Galloway).    Az.  a  lion  ramp.  ar.  crowned  or. 

Alan.     Sa.  a  cross  crosslet  or. 

Alan.     Gu.  ten  mancles  or. 

Alanby.     Ar.  a  chev.  cngr.  sa. 

Alanby.     Ar.  a  chev.  engr.  within  a  bordure  ac. 

Aland  (Ireland).  Az.  a  bend  engr.  ar.  betw.  two  cottises  or. 
'■.''■'<( — A  leopard  pass.  or. 

Alanson.     Or,  three  pallets  az.  on  a  chief  gu.  a  lion  pass. 


gfuard.   ar.     Crest — A  lion  ramp,  guard,   gu.   supporting  a 

long  cross  or. 
Alanson.    See  Allanson. 
Albalanda   (Nansavallon  or  Blanchland,  in   Kea,  Comw. 

whose  heiress  m.  Boscawen).     Gu.  three  bendlets  arg. 
Albam  (Cornwall).      Erm.   on    a    cross    gu.    five    bezants. 

Crest — An  urchin  ppr. 
Alban.     Erm.  a  crescent  in  the  fesse  point  gu.     Crest — A 

lion's  head  erased  pierced  in  the  breast  with  an  arrow. 
Albane,  erm. 

(This  coat  belonged   to   Albane,   Earl  of  Britain,   upon 

whom  William  the  Conqueror   conferred  the   earldom   of 

Richmond,  and  honour  of  Middleham). 
Albange.     Gu.  a  wolf  saliant  or. 
Albany  (London,  Shropshire,  and  Bedfordshire).    Ar.  on  a 

fesse  betw.  three  cinquefoils  gu.  a  greyhound  pass,  of  the 

field.    (Another,  courant  or).     Crest — Out  of  a  ducal  coronet 

gu.  a  demi  dolphin  hauriant  or. 
Albany  (Shropshire.     Francis  Albany,   of  Fernehill  and 

Whittington,  Esq.,  sheriff,  1595).     Ar.  on  a  fesse  betw.  three 

cinquefoils  gu.  a,  greyhound  courant  or. 
Albany.     Or,  two  chev.  and  a  bordure  gu. 
Albany,  or  Daubig-ny.    Gu.  an  eagle  displ.  within  a 

bordure  ar. 
Albany.     Or,  a  lion  ramp.  az. 
Albaster.     See  Arblaster. 
Albemarle,  Earl  of.    See  Keppel. 


Albemarle 
Albemarle. 

gu- 
Alb  er  bury. 
Albert.    Az. 


Gu.  a  cross  patonce  vair. 

Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  lions'  heads  erased 


See  Abbesburt. 

a  griffin  segreant  or.     Cre'<t — A  demi  savage 

wreathed  about  the  middle  with  leaves,  and  over  his  shoulder 

a  sled-hammer,  all  ppr. 
Alberton  (Devonshire).     Ar.    two    bars   sa.    betw.    three 

ogresses  within  a  bordure  engr.  of  the  second. 
Alberton.     Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  bulls'  heads  erased  sa. 

Crest — A  pennon  in  bend  gu.  staff-headed  sa.  and  tasselled 

or. 
Alberton  (Plympton).    Az.  a  talbot  pass.  ar.  collared  gu. 
Alberton.    Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  bears'  heads  erased  sa. 

langued  gu.  muzzled  or. 
Albery  (Wickingham,  co.  Berks,  1590).     Gu.  a  cross  engr. 

betw.  four  stock  doves  ar.     Crest — A  stock  dove  az.  holding 

in  its  beak  a  branch,  leaves  and  stalk  vert  fructed  gu. 
Albing".     Ar.  three  bendlets  gu. 
Albini  (Earl  of  Arundel).    Gu.  a  lion  ramp.  or. 
Albominster  (Cornwall).     Ar.  a  chief  az. 
Albon.    Vert  on  a  bend  ar.  three  crosses  form^e  fitch€e  az. 

Crest — A  bull's  head  affrontije. 
Alon,  or  Albin.    Ar.  a  tombstone  gu. 
Albone.     Ar.  a  lion  unarmed  gu. 

Alborougb.    Gu.  (or  sa.)  a  fesse  betw.  six  crosses  cross- 
let  ar. 
Alborough,   or  Albrough.     Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  three 

cros.«es  crosslet  fitch^e  az. 
Albrecht,  or  Albreg-ht.    Gu.  a  fleur-de-lis  or.    Cred—A 

dexter  hand  ppr.  holding  a  fleur-de-lis  or. 
Albrizth,    St.  (a  Dane,  founder  of  the  Minster  of  Hert- 
ford).    Az.  three  chev.  or,  a  label  of  as  many  points  ar. 
Alby.     Paly  of  six  or  and  sa. 
Alby.     Gu.  a  fesse  chequy  or  and  az.  betw.  three  fleurs-de-lis 

gold. 
Albyn.    Or,  on  a  cross  sa.  five  eaglets  displ.  ar.    Crest — A 

lion's  gamb  issuing  sa.  holding  a  spear  or,  at  thetopaflag  gu. 
Alche.     Or,  two  chev.  sa. 
Alchorn  (Kent).    Ar.  a  buck's  head  cabossed  sa.  and  chief 

indented  of  the  second.     Crest — A  human  heart  gu.  ducaUy 

crowned  or,  betw.  a  pair  of  wings,  ar. 
Alcock   (Cheshire).     Ar.   a   fesse    gu.   bebv.  three  scythes 

sa. 
Alcock  (Badly,  co.  Suffolk).    Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  cocks' 

hearts  erased  gu.  beaked  and  wattled  ar. 
Alcock  (Bi  hop   of  Ell/)..      At  &  (esse   betw.   three  cocks' 

heads  erased  sa.  within  a  bordure  gu.  chorgcd  with  eight 

crowns  or. 
Alcock  (Kent).     Ar.  on  a  fe.<:9e  gu.  betw.  three  scythes  ssl 

as  many  fleurs-de-lis  or.     Ci-e.'t — Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  az. 

a  demi  swan  erm.  wings  expanded,   and  ducally   crowned 

or. 
Alcock   (Silvertoft,   co.   Northampton.     Granted,   8  June, 

1616).     Gu.   a  fesse  betw.  three  cocks'  heads  erased  ar. 

beaked  and  crested  or.      Crest — A  cock  erm.   beaked  and 

mcmbered  or. 
Alcock.    Ar.  on  a  chev.  betw.  three  cocks'  heads  erased  sa. 

the  two  in  chief  respecting  each  other,  an  escallop  shell  or, 

in  the  middle  chief  point  the  letters  a  i,  az. 


AL  C 


THE  GENERAL  ARMORY. 


Ali  B 


Alcock.  Per  pale  or  and  az.  a  chev.  betw.  three  eagles  displ. 
all  counterchangcci,  on  a  chief  gu.  three  lozenges  erm. 

Alcock.  Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  three  cocks'  heads  erased  sa. 
membered  gu.     Crest — A  cock. 

Alcock  (WiLLiA.M  Alcock,  Esq.  Waterford,  tem'p.  Charles 
II.).  Gu.  a  fesse  betw.  three  cocks'  heads  erased  ar.  combed 
and  wattled  or.  Crest  —  A  pomeis  charged  with  a  cross 
patt^e  or,  thereon  a  cock  sa.     Motto — 'Vigilate. 

Alcock  (Grange,  co.  Waterford,  and  Wilton,  co.  Wexford). 
Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  three  cocks'  heads  erased  sa.  Crest — On  a 
pomeis  charged  with  a  cross  pat^e  or,  a  cock  sa.  Motto — 
Vigilate. 

Alcock  (Kilbritain  Castle,  co.  Cork).  Sa.  a  fesse  betw.  three 
cocks'  heads  erased  ar.  combed  and  wattled  or.  Crest — A 
cock  ar.  combed  and  wattled  gu.  spurred  az.  Motto— \igi- 
lanter. 

Alcocke  (Ridge,  CO.  Chester,  1449).  Ar.  a  fesse  az.  betw. 
three  scythes  sa. 

Aldaine.    Az.  a  pile  or. 

Aldam  (Kent).    Az.  the  sun  in  splendour  or. 

Aldam  (Kent  and  Sussex).  Az.  a  pile  waved,  issuing  out 
of  the  dexter  corner  of  the  escutcheon  bendways  or. 

Aldam  (SuffolU).    Az.  a  bend  wavy  or. 

Aldam.  Az.  one  ray  of  the  sun  issuing  out  of  the  dexter 
corner  of  the  escutcheon  bendways  or.  Cre^t — Out  of  a  ducal 
coronet  a  plume  of  five  ostrich  feathers. 

Aldam.  (Frickley  Hall,  co.  York).  Per  fesse  az.  and  erm.  in 
the  sinister  chief  and  dexter  base  an  eagle  displ.  or,  in  the 
dexter  canton  issuant  towards  the  sinister  base  seven  rays, 
the  centre  one  gold  the  others  ar.  Crest — Issuant  from  a 
mount  vert  four  ostrich  feathers  ar.  conjoined  at  the  points 
by  a  mill-rind  or. 

Aldam.,  or  Alden.  Gu.  three  crescents  erm.  (Another, 
the  same  within  a  bordure  engr.  ar.) 

Alday.  Gu.  a  chev.  erm.  betw.  three  griffins  segreant  of  the 
second,  those  in  chief  respecting  each  other. 

Aldboroug'h,  Earl  of.    See  Stratfokd. 

Aldboroug-h,  or  Aldebiirg-h  (Town  of  Suffolk.  Granted 
20  Oct.  1561).  A  ship  of  three  masts  in  full  sail,  on  the  waves 
of  the  sea,  the  mainsail  charged  with  a  lion  rampant,  and 
the  sail  on  the  foremast  charged  with  the  cross  of  St.  George, 
on  the  round  top  of  each  are  four  spears  with  their  barbs 
upwards. 

Aldborough.  Gu.  a  chev.  engr.  betw.  three  escallops  or. 
Crest — An  escallop  or,  betw.  two  wings  az. 

Aldborougrh,  or  Aldeburgrhe  (Aldborough,  Yorkshire). 
Az.  a  fesse  ar.  betw.  three  crosses  crosslet  or.  Crest — An 
ibex  pass.  or. 

Aldborougrll  (in  the  great  chamber  of  Harwood  Castle, 
A.D.  1584).  Gu.  a  lion  ramp.  ar.  charged  on  the  shoulder 
with  a  fleur-de-lis  az. 

Aldburg'h.  Gu.  a  lion  ramp.  ar.  charged  on  the  breast 
with  a  fleur-de-lis  az. 

Aldbri^bt.    Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  three  crosses  crosslet  az. 

Aide  (Kent).  Erm.  on  a  chief  sa.  two  griffins  combatant  ar. 
Crest — A  torteau. 

Aide.  Ar.  on  a  pale  sa.  betw.  two  ogresses,  a  demi  lion 
ramp.  or. 

Aldeburgll  (Baron  Aldeburgh,  summoned  to  Parhament, 
1371).     Az.  a  fess  ar.  betw.  three  crosses  crosslet  or. 

Aldelym.  (Audlem,  co.  Chester,  descended  from  Hugh 
Traylebrw,  lord  of  Audlem,  teiup.  Wm.  Conq.).  Gu.  three 
boars'  heads  erased  erm. 

Alden  (Hertfordshire,  and  the  Temple,  London. By  Camden, 
Clarcnceux,  Sept.  1607).  Gu.  three  crescents  within  a  bor- 
dure engr.  erm.  Crest — Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  per  pale  gu. 
and  sa.  a  demi  lion  or. 

Alden.  Or,  a  bat's  wing  gu.  surmounted  of  another  ar. 
Crest — Out  of  a  coronet  ar.  two  wings  as  in  the  arms. 

Alden.  Gu.  three  crescents  within  a  bordure  engr.  erm. 
(sometimes  ar.). 

Alden,  or  Aldon.  Gu.  a  mullet  ar.  betw.  three  crescents 
erm.  within  a  bordure  engr.  of  the  second.  CreU —  Out  of  a 
ducal  coronet  or,  a  demi  lion  gu. 

Alder.  Gu.  three  crescents  erm.  and  bordure  engr.  ar. 
Crest — A  griflin's  head  gu. 

Alderbery.     Ar.  three  bunches  of  alder  berries  ppr. 

Alderbery.    Or,  a  fesse  embattled  sa. 

Alderby.    See  Alberbori. 

Alderford  (Norfolk).    Ar.  a  saltire  az.     Crest— A  rat  ppr. 

Alderford  (Warwickshire).  Ar.  on  a  saltire  az.  betw.  four 
griflSns'  heads  erased  erm.  a  leopard's  face  and  four  lozenges 
or. 

Alderford  (Warwickshire  and  'Worcestershire,  allowed 
with  three  quarterings  by  the  Deputies  of  Camden,  Clarcn- 
ceux, to  John  Alderford,  of  Knightwick,  co.  Worcester, 
and  Salford,  co.  Warwick,  fourth  in  descent  from  John 
9 


Alderford,  of  Salford).    Ar.  on  a  saltire  az.  a  tiger's  bead 

erased  or. 
Alderford.    Or,  a  saltire  az. 
Alderley.    See  Addeblet. 
Alderley  (Alderley,  co.  Chester).    Ar.  on  a  bend  gu.  betw. 

two  boars'  heads  couped  sa.,  three  crosses  patt^e  of  the  first 

(or,  in  some).    Crest— A  mailed  dexter  arm  embowed  ppr. 

grasping  a  cross-hilted  sword  ppr.,  hilt  or,  piercing  or  trans- 
fixing a  boar's  head  sa. 
Alderley.     Ar.  on  a  chev.  gu.  betw.  three  boars'  head* 

couped  sa.  three  crosses  crosslet  or. 
Aldemam.     Az.  the  sun  in  splendour  ppr. 
Alderne  (Suffolk).     Gu.  three  crosses  crosslet  or,  a  chief  of 

the  second. 
Alderne.     'Vert,  a  lion  ramp,  or,  crowned  gu. 
Aldersey  (London  and  Kent).  Gu.  on  a  bend  engr.  ar.  betw. 

two    cinquefoils  of  the  second  three  leopards'  faces  vert. 

Crest — On  a  plume  of  feathers  ar.  a  demi  griffin  gu. 
Aldersey  (Cheshire).    Gu.  on  a  bend  betw.  two  cinquefoils 

or,  three  leopards'  faces  az. 
Aldersey  (.Vldersey,  co.  Chester).    Gu.  on  a  bend  engr.  ar. 

betw.  two  cinquefoils  or,  three  leopards'  faces  vert.     Crest — 

A  demi  griffin  segreant  gu.  beaked  and  armed  issuing  from 

a  plume  of  tive  ostrich  feathers  or. 
Aldersey  (London,  lier.  Visit.  1563).    Same  Arms. 
Alderson  (Christopher  Aldebson  Alderson,  of  Homerton, 

Middlesex,   Esq.,   who,  by   sign  manual   1812,   changed  his 

patronymic  Llotd  for  the  name  of  Aldersok  only).    Ar. 

three  saracens'  heads  affront^e  couped  at  the  shoulders  ppr. 

wreathed  about  the  temples  of  the  first  and  sa.  quartering 

az.  three   boars'  heads  couped  in  pale  or,  for  Llotd.    Crests 

— A  dove,  holding  in  the  beak  an  olive  branch  ppr.,  for 

Aldebson  ;  and  a  boar's  head  couped  or,  for  Lloyd. 
Alderson.     Az.   a  chev.  engr.   erm.   betw.   three  suns  in 

splendour  ppr.  Cre  t — Behind  a  mount  vert,  thereon  a  branch 

of  alder,  the  sun  rising  ppr. 
Alderson.     Ar.  three  chev.  az.  on  each  a  cinquefoil  of  the 

field.     Crest — A  pillar  ppr. 
Alderton  (Ipswich).    Vert  on  a  bend  ar.  three  crescents  sa. 

in  the  sinister  chief  point  a  mullet  of  the  second.     Crect — A 

crescent  ar. 
Alderwicke.    Az.  a  pale  or,  betw.  six  cross  crosslets  of  the 

last. 
Alde'winckle  (confirmed  1584).     Ar.  a  cross  form^e  gru. 

Crest— A  wivern,  wings  endorsed  and  ducally  crowned, vomit- 
ing fire. 
Aldewinckle.    Gu.  four  lozenges  ar.  one,  two,  and  one. 

Crest — The  same  as  above. 
Alde'winckell.    Erm.  on  a  cross  form^e  gu.  a  mullet  or. 

Crc't — The  s.iriie  as  above. 
Aldford  (Aldford,  and  Alderley,   co.  Chester).    Gu.  fretty 

erm. 
Alciham  (Shrimpling,  co.  Norfolk).    Or,  two  talbots  pass.  sa. 

langued  gu.  betw.  two  flflunches  of  the  second.     Crest — A. 

talbot's  head  erased  or,  gorged  with  a  collar  sa.  lined  gu. 
Aldliam  (Suffolk).    Or,  a   chev.   gu.  on  a  chief  az.  three 

mullets  of  the  field. 
Aldham  (Kent).     Az.  a  pile  or. 
Aldh.am.     Az.  a  star  of  nine  points  or. 
Aldbam.     Az.  a  sun  or. 

Aldham.     Az.  an  etoile  of  sixteen  points  pierced  or. 
Aldhouse,   Aldus,  or  Aldous  (Suffolk).    Ar.  a  chev. 

betw.  three  birds  rising  gu.  on  a  chief  sa.  three  mullets  of 

the  first.     Crest — A  bird  rising  of  the  arms. 
Aldine.     Gu.  a  saltire  ar. 
Aldington   (of  that  Ilk,  Scotland).    Ar.  a  lion  ramp.  sa. 

betw.  three  escallops  of  the  last. 
Aldixford.     Ar.  a  saltire  az.     Crest — A  monkey's  head  ppr. 
Aldjo.     Ar.  three  human  hearts  conjoined  at  the  points  gu. 

in  base  a  buck's   head  cabossed   of   the   second  within  a 

bordure  az.      Crest — A    stump  of   an  oak    sprouting    new 

branches  ppr. 
Aldjoy  (Scotland,  came,    it  is  said,   originally  from   Italy: 

Peter  Aldjoy  obtained  the  lands  of  Easter  Walkinshatw,  by 

marrying,  in  1547,  the   heiress.  Marion  Morton).    Ar.  three 

hearts  gu.  their  points  meeting  in  the  centre,  in  base  a 

martlet  sa. 
Aldmen.    Ar.  three  bars  humettde  gu.  betw.  four  martlets 

in  pale  sa. 
Aldred.     Gu.  a  chev.  (another  engr.)  betw.  three  griflBns' 

heads  erased  ar.     Crest — An  arm  frum  the  elbow  in  armour 

holding  a  cross  crosslet  fitchfe  in  pale. 
Aldrich  (Ipswich  and  Oxfordshire).     Or,  on  a  fesse  vert  a 

bull  pass.  ar. 
Aldricll  (Suffolk).    Erm.  on  a  chev.  engr.  ar.  betw.  three 

griffins'  heads  erased  as  many  lozenges.    Crest— A  griffin 

segreant. 


Ali  D 


THE  GENERAL  ARMORY. 


ALF 


fesse  vert  a  bull 


Aldrich  (Cheam,  co.  Surrey).    Ar. 

pass,  of  the  first. 
Aldridg-e  (Kingsclere,  co.  Hants,  by  giant,   1/72).    Ar.  a 
bordure  az.  bezant^e  on  a  dexter  cnnton  gu.  three  swords 
barways  in  pale  of  the  first,  hilt  and  pommels  or,  the  points 
to  the  dexter  side.     Crest— A  phoenix  in  flames  ppr.  on  the 
breast  and  each  wing  a  bezant. 
Aldrid^e.     Vert  on  a  fesse  or,  betw.   three  garbs  of  the 
second  a  crown  enclosed  by  a   mound  and  a  bird  az.  two 
leaves  in  saltire  in  the  crown  of  the  first.     Crest— A  phcenix 
in  flames  ppr. 
Aldrig-h.  Vert  a  chev.  betw.  three  garbs  or.over  all  a  bend  gu. 
Aldrington.     Sa.  on  three  hawks'  lures  ar.  as  many  annu- 
lets gu.     Crest— A  dexter  band  holding  a  hawk's  lure  ppr. 
Aldrin^on.     Sa.   three  hawks'  lures,   penned,  stringed, 

and  ringed  ar.     Crest— The  same  as  the  last. 
Aid-well  (>Ioyne,  CO.  Tipperary).    Per  lesse  nebulee  ar.  and 
sa.  in  chief  two  lions  ramp,  of  the  second,  and  in  base  an 
osprey  wings  displ.  ppr.     Crest — An  osprcy,  as  in  the  arms, 
resting  the  dexter  claw  on  an  escutcheon  of  the  Botur 
arms,  viz.,  or  a  chief  indented  az. 
Aid-worth.  (Bristol  and  Wiltshire).    Ar.  a  chev.   gu.  betw. 
three  boars"  heads  couped  within  an  orle  of  eight  crosses 
crosslet  fitchde  az. 
Aid-worth  (Newmarket,  co.  Cork,  originally  Stanlake,  Berks: 
Fun.  Ent.  of  Sir  Richard  Aldworth,  of  that  place.  Provost 
Marshal  of  Munster,  who  d.  21  June,  1629.)    Ar.   a  fesse 
engr.  betw.  six  billets  gu.     Crest— A  dexter  arm  embowed 
in  armour  the  hand  grasping  a  straight  sword,   all  ppr. 
ytotto—'Sec  temere  nee  timide. 
Aid-worth.    Ar.  crusilly  fitch^e  az.  a  chev.  gu.  betw.  three 

boars'  heads  couped  of  the  second.     Crest — A  tortcau. 
Aleg-h.     Vert  a  saltire  betw.  four  eagles  displ.  or. 
Alement.    Gu.  on  a  bend  ar.  betw.  six  fleurs-de-lis  or,  a 

rose  of  the  first. 
Alen  (St.  Wolstan's,  co.  Kildare,  originally  of  Cotteshall,  co. 
Norfolk,  confirmed  to  Sir  John  Alen,  lord  chancellor  of 
Ireland,  a.d.  1551,  and  borne  by  his  grandnephew.  Sir 
Thomas  Alek,  Bart,  of  St.  "Wolstan's  :  the  present  represen- 
tative is  Capt.  Luke  John  Henry  Alen).  Ar.  a  chev.  gu. 
betw.  three  torteaux  each  charged  with  a  talbot  pass,  or,  on 
a  chief  az.  a  lion  pass.  betw.  two  crescents  erm.  Crest — A 
demi  heraldic  tiger  quarterly  or  and  gu.  gorged  with  a 
collar  counterchanged  chained  gold  holding  betw.  the  paws 
a  juilie  flower  of  three  branches  ppr.  JVfoffo— Fortis  et  fidelis. 
Alen.     Sa.  three  lozenges  or. 

Alencanthorp.    Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  three  escallops  gu. 
Alresford.    Gu.  a  fret  engr.  erm. 

Aleston.     Az.  an  escutcheon  ar.     Crest — A  lion  pass,  re- 
guard,  gu.  ducally  gorged  and  chained  or. 
Alestry.    Ar.  on  a  bend  az.  three  escutcheons  of  the  first  on 

each  a  chief  of  the  second,  a  chief  gu. 
Alexander  (of  Menstrie,  Earls  of  Stirlixg).    Quarterly,  1st 
and  4th,  per  pale  ar.  and  sa.  a  chev.  and  in  base  a  crescent, 
all  counterchanged ;  2nd  and  3rd,  or,  a  lymphad   sa.  saTls 
furled  and  flags  flying  betw.  three  crosses  crosslet  fitchde  gu. 
for  Mac  Donald.     Crest — A  bear  sejant,  erect,  ppr.     Svp- 
porlers — Dexter,  an  Indian  with  long  hair,  and  a  dart  in  his 
right  hand  all  ppr.  having  a  circle  of  gold  on  his  head  with 
a  plume  of  seven  feathers  or  and  az.  and  round  his  waist  a 
like  circle  of  feathers ;  sinister,  a  mermaid  with  a  comb  and 
mirror  all  ppr.     Motto — Per  mare  per  terras. 
Alexander  {Earl  of  Cakdon).    Per  pale  ar.  and  sa.  a  chev. 
and  in  base  a  crescent  counterchanged  on  a  canton  az.  a 
harp  or,  stringed  of  the  flret.      Crest — An  arm  in  armour 
embowed  ppr.  holding  a  sword  of  the  last  hilt  and  pommel 
or.    Supporters — Dexter,  a  mermaid  holding  a  mirror  ppr. ; 
sinister,  an  elephant  ar.     Hollo — Per  mare  per  terras. 
Alexander   (confirmed,    witli    ten   quarterings,   to   Henbt 
Alexander,  Esq.  of  Forkhill,  co.  Armagh,  D.L.,  fourth  son 
of  Nathaniel  Alexander,  Bishop  of  Meath  (nephew  of  the 
first  Karl  of  Calcdon),  by  Anne,  his  wife,  dau.  and,  in   her 
Isaac,   heiress  of    the   Right    Hon.  Richard    Jackson,    of 
Coleraine).     Per  pale  ar.  and  sa.  a  chev.  betw.  In  chief  an 
annulet  and  in  base  a  crescent  all  counterchanged.     Crest — 
An  arm  in  armour  embowed   the  hand  grasping  a  sword  all 
ppr.  on  the  clliow  an  annulet  sa.      Motto — Per  marc  per 
terras. 
Alexander  (Frowick  House,  Essex,  and  Ahilly,  co.  Done- 
gal).    Per  pale  ar.  and  sa.  a  chev.  and  in  base  a  crescent, 
all  counterchanged.      Crest — An  arm  in    armour  embowed 
ppr.  holding  a  sword  of  the  last  hilt  and  pommel  or.     Motto 
— Per  marc  per  terras. 
Alexander    (Ncwtownllmavndy,  and  Londonderry).      Per 
pale  ar.  and  sa.  a  chev.,  and  in  base  a  crescent  counter- 
changed,  on  a  canton  az.  a  harp  or,  stringed  of  the  first. 
Alexander  (.Sir  Jkrome).    Bee  ALLEXAMoea. 
10 


Alexander  (City  of  Dublin,  Bart.).  Per  pale  ar.  and  sa.  s 
chev.  and  in  base  a  crescent  counterchanged,  on  a  canton 
az.  a  liarp  or,  stringed  of  the  first,  in  the  sinister  chief  point 
a  mullet  of  the  last.  Crest — A  dexter  arm  embowed,  holding 
a  dagger,  all  ppr.  charged  on  the  wrist  with  a  mullet  or. 
Motto — Per  marc,  per  terras. 
Alexander  (Dover,  Kent).  Barry  of  ten  (another  fourteen) 
ar.  and  az.  (another  gu.)  a  lion  ramp.  gu.  holding  a  battle- 
axe  or. 
Alexander  (Scotland).     Gu.  a  chev.  betw.  three  talbots' 

heads  erased  or.     Crest — A  talbot  ar.  coUared  gu. 
Alexander  (Francis  Alexander,  D.  D.,  prebendary  of  Win- 
chester, son  of  John  Alexander,  of  Hampshire,  by  Mary,  his 
wife,  sister  of  Thomas  Belsonn,  Bishop  of  Winchester).     Az. 
a  chev,  betw.  three  talbots'  heads  erased  ar.   collared  gu. 
Crest — A  talbot's  head  erased  ar.  collared  gu. 
Alexander  (Auchmull,  co.   Aberdeen).     Per  pale  ar.  and 
sa.  a  chev.  betw.  two  mullets  in  chief,  and  a  crescent  in  base, 
all  counterchanged.     Cred — A   hand  sustaining  a  pair  of 
balances  of  equal  scales  ppr.     Motto — Quod  tibi  ne  alteri. 
Alexander  (Kinglassie,  Scotland).    Quarterly:  1st  and  4th, 
per  pale  ar.  and  sa.  a  chev.  bruised  at  the  top,  and  in  base  a 
crescent  counterchanged  ;  2nd  and  3rd,  ar.  on  a  cross  engr. 
betw.  four  roses  gu.  a  mullet  of  the  field,  for  Aytoun.     Creit 
— A  horse's  head  couped  gu.  bridled  ar.    Motto — Ducitur 
non  trahitur. 
Alexander  (Pitkclly,  co.  Perth).    Per  pale  engr.  ar.  and  sa. 
a  chev.  and  in  base  a  crescent  all  counterchanged.     Crest — 
Two  hands  conjoined  in  fess  ppr.     Motto — Ora  et  labora. 
Alexander  (Knockhill,  Scotland).      Per  pale  ar.   and   sa. 
a  chevron   and  in   base  a  crescent  all  counterchanged,  a 
mullet  for  difference. 
Alexander  (Boghall,  co.  Edinburgh).     Per  pale  ar.  and  sa. 
a  chev.  betw.  a  writing  pen  fesseways  in  chief  and  a  cre- 
scent in   base  all  counterchanged.     Crest — A  hand  holding 
a  quiU  ppr.    Motto — Fidem  servo. 
Alexander  (Boyd,  3rd   son  of  Claud  Alexander,  of  Bog- 
haU,  1784).    As  the  last  within  a  bordure  per  pale  gu.  and 
or.     Same  Crest  and  Motto. 
Alexander  (Ballochmyle,   1788).     Per  pale  ar.  and  sa.  a 
chev.  betw.  a  fleur-de-lis  in  chief  and  a  crescent  in  base  all 
counterchanged,  a  bordure  per  pale  gu.  and  or.     Crest — An 
elephant  pass.  ppr.     Motto — Per  mare  per  terras. 
Alexander  (Haughton,  Scotland,  M.D.,  1772).   Per  pale  sa. 
and  or,  a  chev.  and  a  chief  of  the  last  charged  with  three 
cushions    all  counterchanged.      Crest — A    crested    serpent 
gliding  ppr.     Motto — Ingcnium  vires  supcrat. 
Alexander  (Glasgow,  1861).     Per  pale  ar.  and  sa.  a  chev. 
and  in  base  a  crescent  all  counterchanged,  in  dexter  chief  a 
cross  crosslet  fitch^c  gu.,  in  sinister  chief  a  galley   sails 
furled   or.      Crest  —  On  a  mount  vert  on  otter  pass.   ppr. 
Motto — Per  mare  per  terras. 
Alexander.    Gu.  a  lion  sejant  on  a  chair,  and  holding  in 

the  paws  a  battle-axe  ar. 
Alexander.    Paly  of  six  ar.  and  az.  on  a  bend  gu.  three 

mullets  of  the  first. 
Alexander.    Az.  on  a  mount  ppr.  a  falcon  with  wings  ex- 
panded looking  at  an  ctoile  ar. 
Alexander.     Per  palo  ar.  and  sa.  a  chev.  betw.  two  mullets 

in  chief  and  a  crescent  in  ba.'io  all  counterchanged. 
Alexander,  or  Sanderson  (Durham).    Paly  of  six  ar. 

and  az.  on  a  bend  sa.  a  sword  or. 
Aleyn.     Or,  a  chev.  betw.  three  leopards'  heads  gu. 
Aleyn.     Az.  a  buck's  head  cabossed  ar.  attired  or. 
Aleyne.    Ar.  three  pellets,    m  a  chief  gu.  a  lion  ramp. 

guard,  erm.  betw.  two  an<'     s  of  the  first. 
Aleynsherls.    Gu.  a  b( 


■■nibattled  counter-embattled  ar. 


Alfe-w,  or  Alfwyn.  t. :.  a  fesse  betw.  three  boars'  heads 
couped  sa.  armed  or. 

Alfeyn.    Gu.  a  fret  erm. 

Alford  (Berkshire).  Gu.  six  pears  or,  three  and  three,  bar- 
ways  a  chief  of  the  second.  Crest — A  boar's  head  ar.  with 
a  broken  spear  handle  thrust  down  the  mouth  or. 

Alford  (of  Holt,  CO.  Denbigh,  P'awlcy,  co.  Berks,  and  of 
Mcux,  CO.  York,  Su.ssex,  and  Hertfordshire,  descended  from 
Thomas  Alford,  of  Holt,  mentioned  in  the  last  visitation 
of  York,  1015).  Gu.  six  pears  or,  three,  two,  and  one,  a 
chief  of  the  second.  Cred — A  boar's  head  ar.  in  his  mouth 
three  feathers  of  a  pheasant's  tail  ppr. 

Alford  (Ipswich,  CO.  SufTolk).  Ar.  a  hind's  head  couped  az. 
collared  or,  betw.  two  hazel  boughs  vert  fructcd  gold.  Crest 
— A  hind's  head  ppr. 

Alford  (Devon).    Ar.  two  greyhounds  courant  in  pale  sa. 

Alford  (Northamptonshire).     Gu.  fretty  erm. 

Alford  (Suffolk).  Ar.  on  a  saltire  az.  betw.  four  griffins' 
head.^  erased  gu.  a  lion  pas.s.  or. 

Alford.    Gu.  a  croii  moline  ar. 


ALF 


THE  GENERAL  ARMORY. 


Alil. 


Alfounder   (Kirkby  and  Dedbam,  co.   Essex).     Ar.  on  a 

cross  az.  betw.  four  birds  sa.  five  nails  or.  Crest — An  arm 
couped  at  the  elbow  and  erect  vested  gu.  cuffed  ar.  in  the 
hand  ppr.  three  nails  or,  all  betw.  two  wings  also  ar. 

Alfray.      Ar.  on  a  chev.  sa.  a  fleur-de-Us  ar. 

Alfred.  Gyronny  of  four  az.  and  gu.  a  cross  botton^e,  on 
the  upper  end  a  crown  or,  on  the  nether  end  a  bezant. 

Alfreton,  or  Alfretton  (the  coheirs  m.  Latham  and  Cha- 
worth).     Az.  two  chev.  or. 

Alfrey  (Salchurst,  Battel,  and  Portsman's  Catsfleld,  Sussex, 
1591).  Per  fesse  sa.  and  erm,  a  pale  countercbanged,  three 
ostrichs'  necks  erased  ar.  gorged  with  crowns  and  lines 
or.  Crest — An  ostrich's  head  and  neck  betw.  two  ostrich 
feathers  ar. 

Alfrey.  Erm.  on  a  chief  indented  sa.  three  swans'  necks 
erased  ar.  gorged  with  a  crown  gu.  and  thereto  chains 
affixed  or. 

Alfrey  (Gulledge,  in  East  Grinstead,  co.  Sussex).  Ar.  on  a 
chev.  sa.  a  Ueur-de-lis  of  the  field. 

Alfrey.     Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  three  boars*  heads  couped  sa. 

Alfrey  (Sussex).  Ar.  on  a  chev.  sa.  three  fleurs-de-lis  of  the 
field. 

Alfroy.  Party  per  fesse  gu.  and  sa.  three  swans'  heads 
"rased  ar.  crowned  or. 

Alfwyn.    See  Alfew. 

Alg'ar,  or  Algrer.  Or,  an  eagle  displ.  sa.  membered  gu. 
Crest — A  greyhound's  head  sa.  charged  with  four  bezants. 

Algreo  (confirmed  to  Henry  James  Algeo,  Esq.,  Ballybrack, 
CO.  Dublin,  grandson  of  Robert  Algeo,  Esq.  of  Hollymount, 
CO.  Leitrim).  Ar.  in  chief  three  hearts  in  triangle  gu.  and 
in  base  a  martlet  sa.  Crest — The  stump  of  a  tree  ppr. 
Motto — Non  deficit  alter. 

Alg'emon.     Or,  a  lion  ramp.  az.  maned  gu. 

Al'^ist.  Gu.  a  saltire  or.  Crest— T\ro  arms  from  the 
shoulder  in  saltire  vested  gu.  cuffed  or,  each  holding  in  the 
hand  ppr.  a  scimetar  ar.  hilt  of  the  second. 

Alg'Oe,  or  Alg-eo.  Ar.  two  pallets  gu.  on  a  chief  of  the 
last  two  mullets  of  the  first.  Crest — A  bear  ramp,  sup- 
porting a  baton. 

ATherley  (Shanklin,  Isle  of  Wight).  Or,  on  a  bend  az. 
three  lozenges  of  the  field.  Crest  —  On  a  chapeau  gu. 
turned  up  erm.  a  stork  ppr.    Motto — Pro  patria. 

Alicock  (Northamptonshire;  confirmed,  1616).  Gu.  a  fesse 
or,  betw.  three  cocks'  heads  erased  ar.  combed  and  wattled 
gold.    Crest — A  cock  erm.  combed  and  wattled  or. 

AJie,  or  Ally.  Az.  a  pale  erm.  Crest— A  dexter  hand 
holding  up  the  sun  ppr. 

AUngton  (Wymondley,  co.  Herts,  and  Horsheath,  co.  Cam- 
bridge, Barons  Alington).  Sa.  a  bend  engr.  betw.  eight 
billets  ar.  Crest — A  talbot  p.iss.  ppr.  biUette'e  or.  Suppor- 
ters—Tvio  talbots  ppr.  billett^e  or.     Motto — Dieu  est  tout. 

Alington  (of  Swinhope,  co.  Lincoln,  descended  (rom  Horse- 
heath).     Arms  and  Crest — As  Alington,  of  Wymondley. 

Alisbome.    Az.  a  cross  ar. 

Alison  (Bart.).  Az.  a  bear's  head  arg.  muzzled  gu.  betw. 
in  chief  two  fleurs-de-lis  or,  and  in  base  a  fir-tree  eradicated 
of  the  last  surmounted  of  a  sword  in  bend.  Crest — A  hawk's 
head  erased  ppr.     JV/ot(o— Vincit  Veritas. 

Alison.  Party  per  bend  gu.  and  or,  a  fleur-de-lis  (another, 
in  bend  sinister)  counterchanged. 

Aliston,  or  Aleston  (co.  Kent).  Per  pale  gu.  and  vert  an 
eagle  displayed  ar.  beaked  and  legged  or.  Crest  —  An 
eagle's  head  ar.  beaked  and  erased  gu.  and  murally  gorged 
az. 

Alliston  (Tillingham,  co.  Essex,  Visit.  Essex,  1634).  See 
Aliston. 

Aljoy.    See  Aldjo. 

Alkington  (Shropshire).  Quarterly  or  and  gu.  an  eagle 
displ.  counterchanged. 

ATkins.    Ar.  three  bars  az.  in  chief  three  torteaux. 

Allaire  (Guernsey).  Gu.  a  chev.  or,  betw.  three  butterflies 
ar.     Crest — On  a  lily  a  butterfly  volant  ppr. 

Allan  (Herefordshire  and  Staffordshire).  Sa.  a  cross  po- 
tent or. 

Allan  (Blackwell  Grange,  and  Blackwell  Hall,  co.  Durham, 
descended  from  the  Allans  of  Buckenhall  and  Brockhouse, 
CO.  Stafford,  seated  there  temp.  Edward  III.  and  now  re- 
presented by  lioBERT  Henbt  Allan,  Esq.,  F.S.A.  of  Black- 
well  and  Barton).  Sa.  a  cross  potent  quarter  pierc"d  or, 
charged  with  four  guttes  de  sang,  in  chief  two  lions'  heads 
erased  of  the  second  all  within  a  bordure  engr.  erminois. 
Quartering,  Pemberton,  Hindmabsh,  Killinghall,  Hbrde- 
WYK,  Lambton,  and  Dodswobth,  /or  the  arms  of  which  see 
their  respective  names.  Crest — A  demi  lion  ramp.  ar.  ducally 
crowned  gu.  holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a  cross  potent  or, 
and  supporting  in  the  sinister  paw  a  rudder  of  the  second. 
Motto — Fortiter  gerit  crucem. 
11 


Allan  (Glen,  CO.  Peebles,  1813).    Ar.  a  pelican  in  her  piety, 

gu.  on  a  chief  of  the  last  three  mullets  of  the  first.  Crest— A 
dexter  arm  bendways  grasping  a  sabre  ppr.  Afo«o— Dirigat 
Deus. 

Allan  (Sauchnell,  Scotland).  Per  bend  indented  ar.  and  gu. 
in  chief  two  crescents  and  in  base  a  mullet  all  counter- 
changed.     Crest— A  comet  ppr.     Jl/o«o— Luceo  sed  terreo. 

Allan  (Rotterdam).  Per  bend  wavy  ar.  and  gu.  in  chief  a 
crescent  of  the  second,  in  base  a  stags  head  couped  or. 
Crest— A  cross  crosslet  gu.     Motto— Fide  et  labore. 

Allan  (Glasgow,  1870).  Per  bend  indent,  erm.  and  gu.  in 
sinister  chief  a  stag's  head  erased  of  the  second  attired  or, 
in  dexter  base  a  crescent  of  the  last.  Crest— A  talbofs  head 
erased  sa.     Motto — Spero. 

Allan-Fraser.    See  Fbaseb. 

Allanby  {temp.  Rich.  II.).  Ar.  a  chev.  az.  within  a  bordure 
of  the  last. 

Allanson.  Erm.  on  a  fesse  vert  three  eagles  displ.  sa. 
Crest— A  demi  eagle  wings  expanded.  J*/o«o  — Virtute  et 
labore. 

Allanson.     Az.  an  incscutcheon  ar. 

Allanson  (Middleton  Quernhow,  co.  York,  originally  of 
Adhngton,  co.  Lancaster).  Az.  an  incscutcheon  ar.  within 
an  orle  of  quatrefoils  or,  borne  quarterly  with  Wade  and 
NowELL,  by  the  late  Rev.  George  Allanson,  of  Broughton. 
Crest — A  demi  grifiSn  wings  dispU  erm.  collared  gemclle. 

Allard.  Ar.  three  bars  gu.  on  a  canton  az.  a  leopard's 
liead  or. 

Allardice  (of  that  Ilk).  Ar.  a  fesse  wavy  gu.  betw.  three 
boars'  heads  erased  sa.  Crest— A  naked  man  from  the 
middle  holding  in  the  dexter  hand  a  scimetar  all  ppr. 
Motto — In  the  defence  of  the  distressed. 

Allardice  (Duninnald,  co.  Forfar).  The  same  Arm^  within  a 
bordure  of  the  second.  Crest— An  ear  of  wheat  and  branch 
of  palm  in  saltire  ppr.     Motto — Bene  qui  pacifice. 

Allaton,  Allatton,  or  Alton.  Gu.  three  chev.  vair,  on 
a  chief  ar.  a  lion  pass,  guard,  az. 

Allaunson  (Durham).  Ar.  a  fesse  az.  betw.  two  boars' 
heads  sa.  couped  gu.  Crest— A  pheon  ar.  in  it  a  broken 
staff-handle  or. 

Allaxinson  (Huby,  co.  York,  co.  Essex,  and  London; 
Anthony  Allaunson,  of  Huby,  John  Alladnson,  of  co. 
Essex,  and  Richard  and  Christopher  Allacnson,  both  of 
London,  temp.  Queen  Elizabeth,  sons  of  Edward  Allaiinson, 
who  was  son  of  Christopher  Allaunson,  of  co.  Durham. 
Visit.  London,  1.^68).  Ar.  a  fess  az.  betw.  three  boars'  beads 
couped  sa.  a  martlet  for  diff.  Ci-cst — A  pheon  ar.  staff 
broken,  handle  or,  charged  with  a  martlet  for  diff. 

Allaway  (Pencraig  Court,  co.  Hereford).  Per  bend  az.  and 
sa.  three  boars'  heads  couped  bendways  betw.  two  estoiles 
ar.  Crest — Two  anchors  in  saltire  sa.  tlioreon  a  dove  hold- 
ing in  the  beak  a  branch  of  olive  ppr.  Hollo — Dei  dono 
sum  quod  sum. 

Allaway.    See  Supplemmt. 

Allcard  (Warrington,  co.  Lancaster,  as  borne  by  the  late 
Wm.  Allcard,  Esq.,  J.P.).  Quarterly,  ar.  and  or,  on  a  bend 
nebulee  az.  three  swans  heads  erased  of  the  first,  beaked  gu. 
Crest — A  demi  swan  wings  elevated  ar.  seinee  of  mullets 
az.  in  the  beak  a  buUrush  ppr.     Motto— Semel  et  semper. 

Alleet  (Fun.  Entry,  Ireland,  1659).  Az.  a  fess  embattled 
between  three  unicorns'  heads  erased  ar.  horned  and  maned 
or.  Crest — A  demi  unicorn  salient  reguardant  ar.  horned 
and  maned  or. 

Allen  {Viscount  AUenJ.  Ar.  two  bars  wavy  az.  on  a  chief  of 
the  last,  an  etoile  betw.  two  escallops  or.  Crest — A  bezant 
charged  with  a  talbofs  head  erased  sa.  Supporters — Two 
talbots  sa.    Motto — Triumpho  morte  tarn  vita. 

Allen,  or  Alleyn  (Cheshire,  Suffolk,  and  Wilts).  Per  bend 
sinister  rompu.  ar.  and  sa.  six  martlets  counterchanged. 
Crest — A  martlet  ar.  winged  and  holding  in  the  beak  an 
acorn  or,  leaved  vert. 

Allen  (Dale  Castle,  co.  Pembroke,  whose  heiress  Elinor, 
daughter  of  John  Allen,  of  Dale  Castle,  Esq.  m.  in  177& 
John  Llotd,  of  Foes-y-blsidiad  and  Mabws).  Per  bend 
rompu  ar.  and  sa.  six  martlets  counterchanged.  Crest — A 
bird  ar.  holding  in  the  beak  an  acorn  or  leaved  vert.  Motto 
— Amicitia  sine  fraude. 

Allen  (Cresselly,  co.  Pembroke,  a  younger  branch  of  the 
Allens  of  Dale  Castle,  now  represented  by  John  Hensleigh 
Allen,  of  Cresselly,  Esq.).  Arms,  and  ftesi — Same  as  Allen 
of  Dale  Castle. 

Allen  (Dorothy  Allen,  dau.  of  Patrick  Allen,  Esq.,  and 
wife  of  Adam  Loftos,  Viscount  Lisburne).  Ar.  a  chev.  engr. 
gu.  betw.  three  pellets  each  charged  with  a  talbot  pass,  of  the 
Seld  on  a  chief  az.  a  lion  pass.  betw.  two  crescents  of  the  first. 

Allen  (Chelsea,  1563).  Ar.  a  pale  gu.  surmounted  with  a 
chev.    counterchanged  charged   with  a  cinqucfoil  of  the 


A    li    l4 


THE  GENERAL  ARMORY. 


Alil. 


second.  Crest— A  talbot's  head  erased  per  pale  indented  ar. 
and  gu.  collared  and  chained  sa. 
Alien  (Errol,  CO.  Perth).  Per  bend  indented  ar.  and  gu.  in 
chief  three  cre.<:cents  two  and  one.  in  base  a  mullet  all 
counterehanged.  Ciest—.\n  eagle  rising  ppr.  Motto— 
Fortiter. 
Allen  (Stanton  ■Woodhouse,  Derbyshire,  1586).     Or,  a  fesse 

gu.  betw.  three  oak  leaves  ppr. 
Allen  (Derbyshire,  London,  and  Staffordshire).    Per  chev. 
gu.  and  erm.  in  chief  two  lions'  heads  erased  or.     Crest— Out 
of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a  horse's  head  ar. 
Allen  (Devonshire).    Barry  of  six  ar.  and  gu.  six  mullets, 

three  two  and  one  or.     Crc^it-A  mullet  gu.  pierced  or. 
Allen   (F:ssex).     Or,  on  a  chev.  engr.  az.  throe  crescents  of 
the  first   betw.  as  many  pellets  each  charged  with  a  grcy- 
hoimd  current  gold  collared  gu. 
Allen  (Essex).  Sa.  on  a  chev.  or,  betw.  three  bezants  charged 

with  as  many  talbots  pass,  of  the  first  three  crescents  az. 
Allen  (Essex).    Or,  on  a  fesse  vert  three  lions  ramp,  of  the 

field. 
Allen  (Grove,  near  Maidstone,  co.  Kent,  1610).    Or,  a  chev. 
betw.  three  bloodhounds  pass.  sa.  collared  of  the  first  armed 
gu.     Ci-e^t — On  a  coronet  or,  lined  erm.  a  bloodhound  pass. 
sa.  collared  gold  armed  gu. 
Allen  (Kent).    Per  fesse  sa.  and  or,  a  pale  engr.  counter- 
changed  and  three  talbots  pass,  or,  collared  gu.      Crest — 
A  talbot  pass,  or,  collared  gu. 
Allen  (Kent).    Or,  a  chev.  betw.  three  bloodhounds  upon  the 
scent  sa.     Crest — On  a  mount  vert  poled  round  or,  a  hound 
sa.  collared  of  the  last. 
Allen    (Hoyland,   W.  R.  co.  York).    Or,  three  greyhounds 
pass.  sa.  two  and  one.     Cr^it — A  demi  greyhound  ramp.  sa. 
holding  in  his  dexter  paw  a  crescent  ar.     Motto — Diligenter 
et  fideUter. 
Allen  (Brouehton,  co.  Lane.  1664).    Erm.  on  a  chev.  betw. 
threel  eopards'  faces  gu.  a  bezant.     Crest — Out  of  a  coronet 
a  wolf's  liead  erm.  mancd  or. 
Allen   (Brindley,  co.   Chester,  granted  by  Sir  Richard  St. 
George,  1613).    Per  bend  sinister  or  and  sa.   six  martlets 
counterchanged.     Crest — A  martlet  or,  wings  elevated  sa. 
collared  gu. 
Allen  (The  Rhyd).    Same  as  last. 

Allen  (City  of  Chester,  1697).    Per  bend  sinister  ar.  and  sa. 

six  martlets,  counterchanged.     Crest — A  martlet  rising  or 

winged  sa. 

Allen  (Rathtimney,  co.Wcxford,"Visit.  co. Wexford,  1618).  Ar. 

two  bars  sa.  in  chief  a  mullet  betw.  two  crescents  of  the  last. 

Allen,  or  Alen  (Alenscourt  or  St.  Wolstan's).    See  Alen. 

Allen  (Lancashire).    Barry  nebulee  of  six  ar.  and  gu.  a  label 

of  three  points  az. 
Allen  (^yhetston,  Leicestershire,  Visit.  Leicester,      19).   Per 
pale  ar.  and  sa.  a  chev.  betw.  three  talbots  pass,  collared  or, 
all  counterchanged. 
Allen  (London).    Same  arms  (the  talbots  sejant).     Crest — A 

demi  griffin  holding  in  the  paws  a  brnnch  vert  fructed  or. 

Allen  (Sheriff  of  London,  1620,  Camden's  Grants).     Per  fesse 

gu.  and  sa.  a  chev.  rompu  betw.  three  griffin's  heads  erased 

erm.     Crest — A  griffin's  head  erased  per  fesse  erm.  and  gu. 

Allen  (London),     l^er   fesse  gu.    and    sa.   a    chev.   rompu, 

counterchanged. 
Allen  (London).    Per  pale  ar.  and  sa.  a  chev.  engr.  betw. 

three  talbots  counterchanged. 
Allen    (London).      Harry    of  six  ar.   and  az.    over  all  an 
anchor  in  pale  with  two  cables  fixed  to  the  ring  noded  and 
pendent  or. 
Allen  (London).    Ar.  a  bend  indented  betw.  a  crescent  and 

mullet  gu. 
Allen  (Suffolk  and  Sussex).    Ar.  two  bars  sa.  in  chief  three 

mullets  of  the  second. 
Allen,  or  Alleyn  (Edward,  Founder  of  Dulwich  College, 

CO.  Surrey,  Ij.  in  1.S60,  d.  in  16i6).  Sec  Alle¥n. 
Allen  (St.  Wolstan's,  CO.  Klldarc).  See  Alen. 
Allen  (Capt.  KoDNTAiNE  Hogoe-Allen,  had  royal  license  to 
take  the  name  and  arms  of  Allen  in  addition,  dated  1st  July, 
18.%7).  Quarterly,  Ist  and  4th,  Allen  :  per  chev.  engr.  gu. 
and  or,  two  chcvroncls  counterchanged,  in  chief  two  lions' 
heads  couped  of  the  second.  '2nd  and  3id,  Hoooe  :  ar.  scmee 
of  acorns  vert,  three  boars'  heads  erased,  two  and  one,  az. 
Crctli — Allen  :  the  battlements  of  a  tower  ppr.  therefrom 
issuing  a  horse's  heail  per  chev.  engr.  ar.  and  gu.  IIqc.c.e: 
two  spears  in  saltire  in  front  of  an  oak  tree,  eradicated  and 
fructed,  nil  ppr.  Motto — Quercus  glandifera  arnica  porcis. 
Allen.  Or,  three  pellets,  two  and  one,  each  charged  with  a 
talbot  pass,  of  the  first;  on  a  chief  gu.  a  lion  pass,  guard, 
betw.  iwo  anchors  ar.  Crext — A  demi  greyhound  ramp,  paly 
of  aix  ar.  und  sa.  collared  gu.  holding  betw.  the  paws  a 
crescent  or. 

12 


Allen  (William  Feknelet  Allen,  Esq.,  J. P.,  Aldermatj  of 

the  city  of  London).     Per  chev.  gu.  and  erm.  in  chief  two 

lions'  heads  erased  or.     Crest — Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a 

horse's  ^ead  ar.    Motto — Sine  labe  decus. 

Allen    (llossal,   CO.   Lancaster,   to    which    family    belonged 

Cardinal  Allen,  who  d.  1594).    Ar.  three  conies  pass.  sa. 
Allen  (Huddersfield,  Yorkshire).  Sa.  a  fesse  engr.  erm.  betw. 

tliroe  talbots  pass,  or,  collared  gu. 
Allen  (Perthshire,  of  Errol,  in  Carse  of  Gowrie).    Per  bend 
indented  ar.  and  gu.  in  sinister  chief  three  crescents,  and  in 
dexter  base  a  mullet,  all  counterchanged.     Crest — An  eagle, 
rising,  ppr. 
Allen  (William  Allen,  Esq.  of  Streatly,  co.  Berks,  J. P.,  who 

d.  1745).    Ar.  two  bars  az.  over  all  an  anchor  or. 
Allen  (Sir  William  Allen,   Lord  Mayor  of  London,   157'2). 
Per  fesse  sa.   and   or,  a  pale  engr.   counterchanged  three 
talbots  pass,  of  the  second  collared  gu.     Crest — A  talbot  pass, 
sa.  collared  gu.  ears  and  chain  or. 
Allen  (from  brass  tablet,  St.  Michael's  church,  Pembroke,  to 
the  memory  of  Joshda  Allen,  grandfather  of  Ven.  John 
Allen,  M.A.,  archdeacon  of  Salop  and   vicar  of  Rees,  co. 
Salop).    Per  bend  rompu  ar.  and  sa.  six  martlets  counter- 
changed. 
Allen    (allowed    by    Narbonne,    Ulster,    to   Giles    Allen, 
Mayor  of  Dublin,  1577,  6.  in  London,  d.  1600).    Ar.  a  chev. 
gu.  betw.  three  torteaux,  on  each  a  lalbot  pass,  of  the  field 
collared  az.  on  a  chief  of  the  last  a  lion  pass,  guard,  of  the 
first,  armed  and  langued  of  the  second. 
Allen  (Lyno  Shany,  co.  Cavan,  1633,  Killowning,  co.  Tippe- 
rary,  1G91,  afterwards  of  Dublin).    Gu.  three  plates,  two  and 
one,  each  charged  with  a  talbot  pass,  sa.,  on  a  chief  or,  an 
anchor  of  the  second  betw.  two  lions  pass,  counterpass.  of 
the  first.     Crest — A  demi  tiger  ramp.  gu.     Motto — Virtus 
auro  praefercnda. 
Allen  (granted  by  St.  George,  Garter,  to  William  Allen, 
capt.   of  a  company  of  foot).    Gu.   a  castle  triple-towered 
or,  in  base  two  swords  saltierwise  ppr.   Crest — Out  of  a  ducal 
coronet  or  two  swords  or,  falchions  saltierwise  all  ppr. 
Allen.    Or,  on  a  chev.  sa.  three  martlets  ar.  betw.  as  many 
ogresses,  each  charged  with  a  talbot  or,  on  a  chief  az.  a 
demi  lion   ramp.   betw.  two  dragons'  heads  erased  of  the 
first. 
Allen.    Ar.  on  a  chev.  gu.  three  lozenges  of  the  field,  each 

charged  with  a  cross  crosslet  sa. 
Allen.     Gu.  on  a  cross  patt^e  ar.  five  escallops  az. 
Allen.     Sa.  a  cross  patoncfe  or,  fretty  gu. 
Allen.    Ar.  three  bars  gu.  over  all  as  many  towers  triple- 
towered  two  and  one  or. 
Allen.    Sa.  a  cross  form^e  or. 

Allen.     Per  chev.  ar.  and  sa.  six  martlets  counterchanged. 
Allen.     Az.  a  fesse  nebulee  erm. 
Allen.     Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  roses  gu. 
Allen.    Sa.  three  lozenges  or. 
Allen.    Ar.  three  lozenges  sa. 
Allen,  or  Alleine.     Or,  a  chev.   betw.  three  leopards' 

faces  gu. 
Allenson.     Sa.  a  fesse  erm.  betw.  three  talbots  pass,  or, 
over  all  a  sinister  bendlet.     Crest — A  talbot's  head  or,  col- 
lared and  ringed  az.  betw.  two  wings  expanded  of  the  last. 
Allenson.     Paly  wavy  of  six  or  and  az.  on  a  chief  gu.  a  lion 
pass,  guard,  or.     Crest — A  demi  lion  ramp,  guard,  or,  hold- 
ing a  cross  gu. 
Allenson,  or  Allanson  (granted  1635  to  Allanson,  Lord 
Mayor  of  York).    Same  Arms.     Crest — On  a  mount  ppr.  a 
lion  ramp,  guard,  or,  holding  a  long  cross  gu. 
AUerton.    Per  chev.  sa.  and  ar.  in  chief  two  barrulets  of 

the  last. 
Allerton.    Ar.  three  (another  two)  bars  sa.  in  chief  three 

pellets  within  a  bordure  engr.  of  the  second. 
Allerton.     Ar.  two  bars  sa.  in  chief  three  pellets. 
Allerton.     Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  lions'  heads  erased  sa. 

Crest — A  lion's  head  collared. 
Allerton.     Per  chev.  sa.  and  or,  three  bars  gemels  ar.  the 

bottom  one  passing  behind  the  chev.  point. 
Alles,  or  Allez  (Guernsey).     A  chev.  betw.  three  mullets 
in  chief  and  as  many  annulets  in  base.    Crest — A  thistle  ppr. 
Allesley  (Warwickshire).    Vert  three  chev.  in  base  inter- 
laced and  a  chief  or. 
Allesley.    Ar.  a  bend  az.  in  chief  an  annulet  of  the  second. 
Allesley.     Az.  fretty  ar.  a  chief  of  the  last. 
Allestrey.   (Tumditch,  Alva-Ston,  and  Walton,   co.  Derby, 
mentioned  in  deeds  of  the  13th  rontury,  and  in  the  Visita- 
tions of  1634  and  1662).    Ar.  a  chief  gu.  over  all  a  bend  az. 
charged  with  three  escutcheons  or. 
Allestrey.    Ar.  a  bend  oz.  betw.  three  escutcheons  gu.  each 

charged  with  a  fesse  of  the  first,  a  chief  of  the  second. 
Allestry.    Ar.  a  chief  az.  on  a  bend  gu.  three  escutcbeona 


ALL 


THE  GENERAL  ARMORY. 


ALM 


parted  per  fesse  vert   and  ar.     Crest — A  demi  lion  az. 
brandishing  a  scimctar  ar.  hilted  or. 
Allett  (I wood,  CO.  Somerset).    Or,  on  a  pale  sa.  betw.  two 
pellets  a  demi  lion  ramp.  gold.     Crest — A  unicorn's  head  ar. 
collared  sa. 
Allexander  (Sir  Jerojie  Allexander,  d.  25th  July,  1670, 
F.  E.  I.).    Sa.  achev.  betw.  three  talbots'  heads  erased  ar. 
collared  gu. 
Allexander.    See  Alexander. 

Alley.  Az.  a  pa'.e  erm.  betw.  two  lions  ramp,  of  the  second, 
ducaUy  crowned  or.  Crest — A  lion's  head  cabossed  or, 
betiv.  two  wings  ppr. 
Alley  (Ireland).  Or,  a  cross  gu.  on  a  chief  of  the  same  three 
mullets  of  the  field.  Crest — Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a 
mullet  gu.  betw.  two  laurel  branches  vert. 
Alley.    Gu.  a  cross  ar.  within  a  bordure  invecked  of  the 

second. 
Alley.     Gu.  a  cross  engr.  within  a  bordure  ar. 
Alley.    Az.  a  pale  erm. 

Alleyn  (Edward  Alleyn,  Esq.,  Master  of  his  Majesty's  game 
of  bulls,  bears,  and  mastive  dogs,  1623,  and  Founder  of  the 
College  of  Godsgift  in  Dulwiche).    Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three 
cinquefoils  gu.     Crest — An  arm  couped  at  the  elbow  and 
erect,  holding  a  human  heart,  the  arm  issuing  out  of  flames 
of  fire,  all  ppr. 
Alleyn  (Thaxted  and  Hatfield  Peverill,  Essex,  barts.  created 
1629,  extinct  1759).    Sa.  a  cross  potent  or.     Crest — A  demi 
lion  az.  holding  in  the  paws  a  rudder  of  a  vessel  or. 
Alleyn  (The  Mote,  co.  Kent,  and  Greseley,  co.  Derby.    Sir 
John  Alleyn,  twice  Lord  Mayor  of  London,  temp.   Henry 
VIII.).     Artiw,  &c.   as   Alleyn  of  Hatfield  and  Thaxted, 
quartered  by  Hincks. 
Alleyn.    See  Allen  (Cheshire). 

Alleyne    (Bart.)     Per  chev.  gu.   and   erm.,  in  chief  two 

lions'  heads  erased  or.     Crest— Out  of  a  ducal  coronet   a 

horse's  head  ar.     Motto — Non  tua  te  moreant,  sed  publica 

Tota ;  or,  Non  tua  te  sed  publica  vota. 

Alleyne  (Hayesleigh,  co.  Essex).    Or,  on  a  fess  vert  three 

fleurs-de-lis  of  the  first. 
Alleyne.     Per  bend  sinister  double  dancett^  ar.  and  sa. 

six  martlets  counterchanged. 

AUfrey  (Wokcfield  Park,  Berks,  Hemingford,  co.  Warwick). 

Per    fesse    sa.    and    erm.    a   pale    counterchanged    three 

ostrichs'  heads  erased,   ar.  gorged  with  crowns  and  lines 

or.     Crest — An  ostrich's  head  and  neck  gorged  with  a  crown 

as  in  the  arms  betw.  two  ostrichs'  feathers  ar. 

Allg'OOd  (Nunwick,  Northumberland).      Ar.  a  cross  engr. 

gu.  betw.  four  mullets  az.  on  a  chief  or,  three  darnask  roses 

of  the  second  seeded  gold  barbed  vert.     Crest — Two  arms 

embowed  in  armour   ppr.  holding  in  the  hands  a  human 

heart  gu.  inflamed  or,  charged  with  a  tower  triple  towered 

arg.    Motto — Age  omne  bonum. 

Allg'OOd.     Or,  a  leopard's  head  az.  and  two  cocks  gu.  in  pale 

betw.  as  many  flaunches  sa.  each  charged  with  afleur-de-Iis  ar. 

Alii  bone.     Vert  on  a  bend  ar.  three  crosses  form^e  fitch^e 

az.     Crest — A  bull's  head  affrontfe. 
Allieson,  or  Allison.    Party  per  cross  quarterly  ar.  and 
gu.  a  cross  betw.  four  cinquefoils  counterchanged.     Crest 
— A  demi  savage  wielding  a  scimetar  ppr. 
Allin    (Blundeston  and  Somerleyton,   co.  Suffolk).     Gu.   a 
cinquefoil  pierced  or.     Crest— A  snake  coiled  up  and  en- 
vironed with  flags  {i.e.  rushes)  ppr. 
Allin  (Bart.).     Gu.  three  swords  barwise  ar.  points  to  the 
sinister  side  hUts  and  pomels   or,   betw.  four  (sometimes 
twelve)  mullets  of  the  third.     Crest — A  sword  erect  ar.  hilt 
and  pomel  or.       Anotlier  Crest — On  a  Bible  open  a  hand 
couped  close  holding  a  sword  erect. 
Allin.     Gu.  three  swords  barwise  ar.  points  to  the  sinister 
hilts  and  pomels  or,  betw.  four  mullets  two  in  chief  and  two 
in  base  of  the  third.      Crest— Pl  sword   in  pale  point  up- 
wards ppr. 
Allingham.     Or,  three  lozenge  buckles    az.      Crest  —  A 

church  environed  with  trees  ppr. 
Allingidgre.     Gu.  a  cross  engr.  or.     Crest— A.  castle  triple 
towered  ppr.  on  the  sinister  tower  a  flag  displ.  ar.  charged 
with  a  cross  sa. 
Allington  (London).    Or,  a  lion  ramp,  within  a  bordure 
engr.  az.     Crest — Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a  buck's  head 
ppr.  attired  of  the  first  pierced  through  the  neck  with   an 
arrow  of  the  last  barbed  and  flighted  ar. 
Allington  (Timswell,  co.  Rutland,  Her.  Visit.  1619).    Sa.  a 

bend  engr.  betw.  six  billets  ar. 
Allington  (Horsheath,  co.  Cambridge).    See  Alington. 
Allison  (described  in  the  Visitations  as  having  been  settled 
for  five  generations  at  Yardslcy  Hall,  co.  Cambridge).    Ar.  a 
fesse  gu.  betw.  three  blackbirds  within  a  bordure  of  the 
second.     Crest — A  peacock  ppr. 
13 


Allison.  Sa.  a  fesse  engr.  betw.  three  talbots  pass,  ar 
Cr«s(— An  eagle's  head  erased  ppr.    Motto— Wncet  Veritas 

Allison.  Ar.  an  inescutcheon  gu.  Crest  —  A  pheasant 
holding  in  the  dexter  foot  a  key,  and  in  his  beak  an  ear  of 
barley  ppr. 

Allison.  Sa.  a  fesse  engr.  betw.  three  talbots  pass.  ar.  sur- 
mounted by  a  bend  sinister. 

Allix  (WUloughby  Hall,  co.  Lincoln,  and  Swaffhani,  Cam- 
bridgeshire, founded  in  England  by  Dr.  Peter  Allix,  of 
Alencjon,  in  Normandy).  Ar.  a  wolf's  head  erased  at  the 
neck  ppr.  in  the  dexter  chief  point  a  mullet  gu.  Crest— A 
wolfs  head  erased,  as  in  the  arms. 

Allmack.    See  Awmack. 

Allott  (South  Kirkby,  Yorkshire,  granted  9  June,  1729).  Or, 
a  fesse  az.  betw.  four  barrulets  wavy  of  the  last,  on  a  canton 
of  the  second  two  barrulets  ar.  charged  with  three  swallows 
volant  sa.,  viz.  on  the  first  two,  second  one.  Crest— X 
cubit  arm  erect  vested  or,  charged  with  a  fesse  betw.  four 
barrulets  cuffed  ar.  holding  in  the  hand  ppr.  a  mullet  gold. 

Allott  (Great  Easton).  Ar.  a  fesse  double  cotisert  wavy 
sa.  Crest— A  dexter  arm  from  the  elbow-  vested  gu.  cuffed 
or,  hand  ppr.  holding  a  mullet  gold. 

Allott  (Hague  Hall,  co.  York).  Or,  a  plain  fesse  double 
cotised,  wavy,  az. ;  on  a  canton  of  the  second  two  bars  ar. 
charged  with  three  swallows  volant  sa.  Crest— A  dexter 
arm  couped  at  the  elbow  habited  or,  charged  with  a  fesso 
double  cotised  wavy  az.  cuff  ar.  the  hand  ppr.  holding  a 
mullet  gold.    Jl/otto— Fortiter  et  recte. 

Allott  (Lancashire  and  Lincolnshire).  Ar.  (another,  or)  on 
a  bend  sa.  betw.  two  ogresses  a  demi  lion  of  the  field.  Crest 
An  arm  couped  at  the  shoulder  embowed  ppr.  vested  gu. 
and  resting  the  elbow  on  a  wreath  holding  a  sword  enfiled. 
with  a  leopard's  head. 

Allott  (Lord  Mayor  of  London,  1591).  Ar.  on  a  pale  sa. 
betw.  two  pellets  a  demi  lion  couped  or. 

Allport  (Cannock,  Staffordshire).    See  Alport. 

All  Souls  CoUegre,  of  Oxford.  Or,  a  chev.  betw.  thre& 
cinquefoils  gu. 

Allsopp  (Hindlip  Hall,  co.  Worcester.  Henry  Allsopp, 
Esq.,  J. P.  and  D.L.)  Sa.  three  plovers  rising  ar.  legged 
and  beaked  gu.,  quartering  ar.  three  bears  passant  ppr. 
for  Bearcroft.  Crest— A  plover  wings  expanded  or,  beaked 
and  legged  gu.  in  its  beak  an  ear  of  wheat  gold.  Jl/otto — 
Festina  lente. 

Allwent.     Gu.  a  chev.  betw.  three  fleurs-de-lis  erm. 

Allworth  (Devonshire).    Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  six  billets  gu. 

Allwright,  or  Alwright.  Gu.  a  bend  or,  and  thi-ee 
sinister  bendlets  ar.  the  centre  one  surmounting  the  bend. 
Crest — On  a  chapeau  a  greyhound  statant  all  ppr. 

Allye  (Tewkesbury,  co.  Gloucester).  Az.  a  lion  ramp.  ar. 
Ci-est — A  leopard's  head  or,  betw.  two  wings  sa. 

Allye  (Dorsetshire).  Or,  a  lion's  head  erased  sa.  on  a  chief 
embattled  of  the  second  three  plates.  Crest— A  stag's  head 
erased  per  pale  ar.  and  or,  attired  of  the  first  gorged  with 
a  collar  double  embattled  gu.  charged  with  three  escallops 
gold. 

Allym,  or  Audlym.    Ar.  three  crabs  erect  sa. 

Alljm.  Per  fesse  gu.  and  sa.  a  chev.  rompu  betw.  three 
griffins'  heads  erased  erm.  on  a  canton  ar.  a  cross  potent 
betw.  four  crosses  patt&  az.  Crest — A  tree  eradicated  vert 
fructed  with  branches  of  berries  gu. 

Allyn  (Bampton,  co.  Devon).  Per  bend  rompu  ar.  and  sa. 
six  martlets  and  an  annulet  in  the  dexter  chief  point  coun- 
terchanged. 

Allyn  (London).    Az.  a  pale  engr.  erm. 

Alljm.  Ar.  on  a  chev.  gu.  three  lozenges  of  the  first  each 
charged  with  a  cross  crosslet  sa. 

Allyn  (William  Allyn,  of  Aylmer,  whose  dau,  and  heiress 
m.  Gilbert,  son  and  heir  of  Gilbert  Gerrard,  Lord  Chan- 
cellor of  Ireland  temp.  Henry  VII  ,  Reg.  Fed.  Ulster's  office). 
Ar.  two  bars  nebulae  gu.  in  chief  a  label  of  three  points  sa. 

Allyson  (Pardsey  Hall,  co.  Cumberland,  Her.  Visit.,  1615). 
Ar.  a  fess.  gu.  betw.  three  birds  sa.  a  border  of  the  last. 

Allyn.    See  Alen. 

Almack  (Suffolk).  Per  bend  ar.  and  sa.  a  cross  potent 
counterchanged.  Crest — On  a  tower  sa.  a  flag  az.  with  the 
word  PAX  ar.    Motto — Mack  al  sicker. 

Alman  (Pcvensey  and  Warbleton,  co.  Sussex,  descended 
from  Robert  Alman,  living  10  Edw.  III. :  the  representation 
vested  in  the  families  of  Parnell  and  Meres).  Per  bend  or 
and  sa.  a  cross  potent  counterchanged.  Cres; — A  leg  in 
armour  spurred  or,  couped  in  the  middle  of  the  thigh. 

Alman.     Ar.  an  eagle  displayed  sa.  armed  or. 

Almand.     Vair,  on  a  fesse  gu.  three  martlets  or. 

Almarade.     Ar.  a  dragon  segrcant  winged  az. 

Alxnard.  Per  pale  indented  ar.  and  gu.  Crest — A  stag 
trippant  ppr. 


AI.  K 


THE  GENERAL  ARMORY. 


Ali  T 


Almayne.  Or,  an  eagle  displ.  sa.  armed  gu.  Crest — On  a 
ducal  coronet  or,  a  cinquefoil  gu. 

Almears,  or  Almeers.  Ar.  a  long  cross  gu.  on  three 
grieces  or  steps  the  upper  one  az.  the  second  as  the  cross 
and  the  undermost  sa.  Creit — Along  cross  recrossed  on 
three  steps  ar. 

Aimer,  and  Almor  (John  Almor,  one  of  the  Marshals  of 
the  Hall  to  Henry  VH.,  derived  from  Efnydd  ap  Gwenllian). 
Az.  a  lion  ramp,  or,  armed  and  langued  gu.  Crest— A  pal- 
mer's staff  erect  or. 

Almert.    Gu.  a  cross  vert. 

Almiger.  Az.  two  bars  or,  betw.  three  helmets  ar.  Crest — 
On  a  ducal  coronet  ppr.  a  tiger  sejant  gu. 

Almond.  Ar.  an  almond  slip  fructed  ppr.  Crett — ^Three 
cinquefoils  az.  stalked  and  leaved  vert. 

Almond.  Az.  two  piles  in  point  or,  a  canton  erm.  Crest— 
A  terrestrial  globe  vert  garnished  and  ensigned  with  a  cross 
patt^e  or. 

Almonder.    Or,  an  almond  slip  fructed  ppr. 

Almont.     Gu.  a  cross  vair^. 

Almot  (Suffolk).    Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  escallops  sa. 

Almot,  Alneot,  and  Alnot.  Quarterly,  per  pale  in- 
dented or  and  gu.,  in  the  1st  and  4th  quarters  five  mascles 
conjunct  in  cross.     Crest — A  thunderbolt  ppr. 

Alms.  Gu.  three  stags'  beads  erased  or.  Crest— A  stag's 
head  as  in  the  arms. 

Alneham.    Az.  five  fusils  in  fesse  or  a  benillet  gu. 

Alnwick,  or  Alnwyk.    Ar.  a  cross  moUnc  sa. 

Alnwick,  or  Almewake.  Paly  of  six  ar.  and  or,  on  a 
chief  gu.  three  crosses  crosslet  of  the  first.  Creit — On  a 
chapeau  a  cock  ppr. 

Alors.    Gu.  a  chcv.  betw.  three  rowels  ar. 

Alpe  (Gressenhall,  co.  Norfolk).  Az.  a  fesse  erm.  betw. 
three  alpes  ar.     Crest — A  bull's  head  erased  sa. 

Alphe  (Hampshire).  Ar.  a  lion  pass.  betw.  three  boars' 
heads  couped  sa.  Crest  —  Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  a 
hawk's  head  ar. 

Alphen.  Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  three  boars'  heads  erased  (some- 
times cooped)  sa. 

Alphraham.  Az.  three  eagles  displ.  betw.  nine  crosses 
crosslet  or. 

Alpin.     Or,  a  fesse  betw.  three  bullfinches  ppr. 

Alfram.  (Cheshire).    Az.  three  eagles  displ.  or. 

Alfram.     Az.  crusily  three  eagles  displ.  or. 

Alport  (Cannock,  co.  Stafford ;  quartered  by  Fletchek  of 
Dudley).  Barry  wavy  of  eight,  ar.  and  az.  on  a  bend  gu. 
three  mullets  or.  C)-est — A  demi  lion  ramp,  erminois  col- 
lared with  a  mural  crown  gu. 

Alport  of  Overton.  Gu.  six  peara,  three,  two,  and  one, 
and  a  chief  or. 

Aired  (llolderness,  co.  York).  Gu.  a  chcv.  betw.  three 
griffins'  heads  erased  ar.  armed  or.  Crest — A  grifiSn's  head 
ppr. 

Alrey.    Ar.  three  escallop  shells  gu.  two  and  one. 

Alsacber,  or  Alsager  (Cheshire).  Az.  three  askers*  (or 
water  lizavU.s')  heads  couped  or. 

Alsarin.    Az.  an  asker's  (or  water  lizard's)  head  erased  or. 

Alshonier  (Scotland).  Gu.  a  chev.  or,  in  base  a  cres- 
cent ar. 

Alsop  (Alsop,  CO.  Derby.  Settled  there  about  the  time  of 
the  Conquest,  and  continued  in  an  uninterrupted  descent 
for  nineteen  or  twenty  generations).  Sa.  three  doves  rising 
ar.  legged  and  beaked  gu.  Crest — A  dove  with  wings  ex- 
panded or,  beiiked  and  legged  gu.  holding  in  the  beak  an 
ear  of  wheat  gold. 

Alton  (Nottingham).    Or,  on  a  chief  vert  a  lion  pass.  ar. 

Alsop  (London,  granted  1738).  Az.  three  doves  ppr.  on  a 
canton  or,  a  key  erect  sa.  Crest — A  dove  holding  in  the  beak 
an  ear  of  corn  all  ppr.  in  the  dexter  claw  a  key  as  in  the 
canton. 

Alsop  (Lord  Mayor  of  London,  1752).  Az.  three  doves  or, 
on  a  canton  ar.  a  key  in  pale  gu. 

Alsope  (Derbyshire).  Per  fesse  or  and  erm.  a  pale  counter- 
changed  three  mullets  sa.  Ci-c^t — A  dove  with  an  olive 
blanch  in  the  be.ik  ppr. 

Alsoppe  (London,  1797).  Sa.  on  a  bend  betw.  six  doves 
ar.  legged  gu.  three  phcons  of  the  first.  Crest — A  dove  ar. 
legged  gu.  betw.  two  ostrich  feathers  sa. 

Alspach.  Ar.  a  bend  cottiscd  within  a  bordurc  cngr.  in 
tlif  sinister  corner  a  mullet  pierced  sa. 

Alspath  (Kai.pii  I'ECJIK  temp.  Kdward  II.,  m.  Annora,  dau. 
and  heir  of  Gkhrahij  de  Alspath,  grandson  of  William  de 
Albpath,  temp.  Kdward  I.,  who  was  son  of  Walter,  Lord  of 
Alspath,  Dugdale).  Ar.  a  bend  sa.  cotiscd  gu.  a  mullet 
for  dilT. 

Alspath,  or  Alspach.    Ar.    a   bend   sa.    cottiscd   gu. 
Crut — Two  Rjicars  in  saltire  az. 
14 


Alspathe.    Ar.  a  bend  sa.  cottised  gu.  within  a  bordure  of 

the  third. 

Alstanton.  Az.  three  sea-urchins  (or  hedgehog  fish)  erect 
ar.  Crest — Out  of  a  mural  coronet  or,  an  arm  in  armour 
embowed  holding  a  dagger  all  ppr. 

Alstoines.    Az.  ten  etoiles  or,  four,  three,  two,  and  one. 

Alston  (Elmdon  Hall,  co.  Warwick).  Az.  ten  estoiles  or, 
four,  three,  two,  and  one,  on  a  chief  ar.  a  crescent  reversed 
gu.  between  two  boars'  heads  sa.  Crest — A  demi  eagle, 
wings  displayed  or,  on  each  wing  a  crescent  reversed  gu. 
Motto — In  altum. 

Alston  (Saxham  Hall,  Suffolk,  and  Odell,  co.  Beds,  Extinct 
Baronet).  Az.  ten  estoiles  or,  four,  three,  two,  and  one. 
Crest — Out  of  a  crescent  ar.  an  etoile  or.     Motto — Immotus. 

Alston  (Edwardston,  Suffolk,  and  Chelsea,  Middlesex, 
descended  from  a  second  son  of  the  Alstons  of  Saxham 
Hall ;  Sir  Joseph  Alston,  of  Chelsea,  younger  brother  of  Sir 
Edward  Alston,  Knt.,  M.D.,  President  of  the  College  of 
Physicians,  was  created  a  baronet  in  1681).  Same  Aimis  as 
Alston  of  Odell. 

Alston  (Westertown,  co.  Dumbarton,  1792).  Az.  a  unicorn's 
head  erased  in  chief  ar.  maned  and  horned  or,  and  a  cross 
moline  of  the  second  in  base  betw.  ten  stars,  four,  three, 
two,  and  one,  of  the  third.  Crest — A  demi  eagle  rising  ppr. 
Motto — Sursum. 

Alston  (JoBN  Alston,  Banker,  Glasgow,  1816).  Az.  ten 
Btars  of  six  points,  four,  three,  two,  and  one,  or.  Crest — 
A  demi  eagle  rising  ppr.    Motto— In  altum. 

Alston  (Craighead,  co.  Lanark,  1869).  The  same  within  a 
bordure  ar.    Same  Crest  and  Motto. 

Alston  (Stockbriggs,  co.  Lanark,  1872).  Az.  ten  stars  of 
six  points,  four,  three,  two,  and  one  or,  a  bordure  of  the  last 
charged  with  three  fleurs-de-Us  gu.  Crest — A  demi  eagle 
rising  ppr.  on  each  wing  a  crescent  reversed  gu.  Motto — In 
altum. 

Alston  Stewart  (Urrard,  co.  Perth,  1830).  Coupe  one, 
parti  two :  Ist  and  6th,  az.  ten  stars,  four,  three,  two,  and 
one  or,  a  bordure  embattled  gu.,  for  Alston  ;  2nd,  or,  a  fess 
checquy  ar.  and  az.  surmounted  of  a  lion  ramp.  gu.  a 
bordure  of  the  last ;  3rd,  az.  three  garbs  or;  4th,  ar.  a  bend 
az.  charged  with  three  buckles  or;  the  last  three  quartenngs 
for  Stewart  of  Urrard ;  5th,  gyronny  of  eight  or  and  sa., 
for  Campbell. 

Alstone.  Az.  ten  etoiles  or,  on  a  chief  ar.  a  crescent 
reversed  gu.  betw.  two  boars'  heads  couped  sa.  Cresi — A 
demi  eagle  with  wings  expanded  and  inverted  ppr.  on  each 
wing  a  crescent  reversed  gu.    Motto— In  altum. 

Alstowne.     Gu.  three  sea-urchins  in  pale  ar. 

Alswin,  or  Alswyn  (F.  E.  I.  1C38).  Ar.  a  fess  betw. 
three  boars'  heads  couped  sa. 

Alsworthy.  Or,  a  chev.  sa.  betw.  three  trefoils  slipped  in 
chief  vert  and  a  muUet  in  base  gu. 

Alt  (Loughborough,  co.  Leicester).  Quarterly,  gu.  and  ar. 
within  a  bordure  of  annulets  and  crosses  patte'e  alternately 
counterchanged. 

Altaripa.    Az.  five  fusils  in  fesse  ar.  a  bendlet  gu. 

Altaripa  (The  dau.  of  John  de  Altaripa  m.  William 
Sidney  ;  Sidney  ped.  by  Cooke,  Clarenceux).  Ar.  four  lions 
pass,  in  bend  gu.  betw.  two  double  cottises  of  the  last. 

Alten.  Ar.  a  bend  of  lozenges  and  roses  alternately  dis- 
posed gu. 

Alten.    Gu.  three  eagles'  wings  expanded  or. 

Alten.     Ar.  a  ragged  staff  embowed  to  the  sinister  sa. 

Alteripe.  Az.  five  fusils  in  fesse  ar.  on  the  third  a  crescent 
gu. 

Altham  (London  and  Essex).  Paly  of  six  erm.  and  az.  on 
a  chief  gu.  a  lion  pass,  guard,  or.  Crest — A  demi  lion  hold- 
ing a  ship's  rudder  sa. 

Altham.  (Timbercombe,  co.  Somerset,  exemplified  to  Wil- 
liam Sdbtees  Cook,  Esq.,  on  his  assuming  the  surname  of  his 
maternal  grandmother,  Mary,  dau.  of  Koger  Altham,  Esq. 
of  Mark  Hall,  co.  Essex,  by  royal  licence  in  1862).  Quarterly, 
Ist  and  4th,  paly  of  six  erm.  and  az.  on  a  chief  gu.  a  lion 
pass,  reguard.  or,  armed  and  langticd  gu.,  for  Altham  ; 
2nd  and  3rd  az.  on  a  chcv.  ar.  betw.  three  garbs  or,  as  many 
fleurs-de-lis  gu.,  for  Cook.  Crests — 1st,  a  demi  lion  or, 
holding  a  ship's  rudder  sa.,  Ai.tham;  2nd.  A  talbot  sejant 
sa  collared  or,  reposing  the  dexter  fore  paw  on  an  escut- 
cheon ar.  charged  with  an  cstoile  az.,  Cook.  Motto — Pro 
Deo  ct  catholica  fide. 

Altham  (Essex).  Ar.  a  lion  salient  sa.  Crcst-'Thc  same  as 
the  last. 

Althan.    Per  pale  beviled  az.  and  or. 

Althan,  or  Althaun.  Gu.  a  fe.s,sc  ar.  Crest— A  demi 
art'her  shooting  a  bow  ppr.  clothed  vert  cap  sa. 

Althoun.  Gu.  on  a  fesse  ar.  a  Roman  A.  Crest— A  dexter 
hand  apaum^o  ppr. 


AliT 


THE  GENERAL  ARMORY. 


AM  E 


Altreuw.    Per  fesse  gu.  and  ar.  two  hands  couped  and  con- 
joined chevronways  countcrchanRed. 
Altrew,  or  Altrue.      Sa.  two  bands  couped  above  the 

wrist  conjoined  chevronways  sleeved  or,  cuffed  ar. 
Altringliain,  Town  of  (Cheshire).    Quarterly,  gu.  and 

or,  in  the  first  quarter  a  lion  pass.  ar. 
Alvanley,  Baron.    See  Arden. 
Alvanston.    Ar.  three  crabs  erect  gu. 
Alvarde.     Ar.  on  a  saltire  az.  betw.  four  griffins'  heads 

erased  gu.  a  leopard's  head  enclosed  by  four  lozenges  or, 

pointing  to  the  ends  of  the  saltire. 
Alvares.     Chequy  ar.  and  gu.     Crest — X  demi  lion  ramp. 

ppr.  holding  in  the  dexter  paw  a  mascle  az. 
Alvas.    SeeALVES. 
Alverd,  or  Alured  (Ipswich).    Ar.  on  a  saltier  az.  hetw. 

four  griffins'  heads  erased  gu.  a  leopard's  head  betw.  four 

lozenges  or.     Crest — A  mill-rinde  or. 
Alverston   (Dunmore).    Az.   a   cross    patonce   betw.  four 

fleurs-de-lis  or.     Crest — A  greyhound  salient  sa. 
Alvert.      Ar.  on    a  saltier   az.   betw.  four  griffins'  heads 

erased  gu.  a  leopard's  head  or.     Crest — An  eagle's  head  ppr. 

charged  with  a  saltier  gu. 
Al'verthorp.    Sa.  a  cross  pattfe  or. 
Alves,  or  Alvas.    Ar.  on  a  chev.  az.  betw.  three  trefoils 

slipped  vert  as  many  mullets   of  the  field   a   bordure  sa. 

Crest — A  garb  or.     Jfb<(o— Deo  favente. 
Al'vey,  or  All'vey.    Sa.  a  boar  pass.  or.    Crest — A  plough 

ppr. 
Alving'haiii  Abbey  (co.  Lincoln).     Ar.  threfc  bars  gu. 

over  all  a  crozier  in  bend  or. 
Al'way.     Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  three  lions  ramp.  sa.  crowned  or. 
Al'Waye  (Streetley,  co.  Bed.).    Or,  a  talbot  pass.  sa.  on  a 

chief  of  the  second  three  mullets  of  the  first.      Crest — A 

hind's  head  ar.  betw.  two  holly  branches  vert  fructed  with 

berries  gu. 
Al'well  (Gloucestershire).     Ar.  a  pile  sa.  over  all  a  chev. 

coimterchanged. 
Alworth,  or  Aylworth    (Oxfordshire).     Or,    a    saltier 

engr.  betw.  twelve  billets  sa. 
Alworthy.    Or,  on  a  chev.  betw.  three  trefoils  slipped  sa. 

three  muUets  of  the  field. 
Alwrigrht.    See  Allweight. 
Alwyn.  (Devonshire).    Two  coats :  first,  ar.  three  lions  pass. 

(another,  ramp.)  sa.  fretty  az.;  second,  per  pale  or  and  az. 

three  eagles  counterchanged. 
Alwyn,  or  Aylwin  (Canons  in  West  Dean,  Preston  in 

Biderton,    and    Treyford,    co.   Sussex:    the  daus.    and  co- 
heirs were  MaetAlwin,  wile  of  the  Hon.  Chaeles  Talbgt; 

and  Elizabeth,  m.  to  Sir  William  Mannock,  Bart.)    Ar.  a 

fesse  nebulae  gu.  betw.  three  lions  ramp.  sa.   Crest — A  lion's 

gamb.  erect  and  erased  sa.  enfiled  with  a  mural  crown  or. 
Al'Wyn  (Lord  Mayor  of  London,  1499).    Ar.  a  fesse  nebulae 

az.  betw.  three  lions  ramp,  guard,  sa. 
Al'wyn  (London).     Ar.  a  fesse  wavy  az.  betw.  three  lions 

salient  sa. 
Alwyn.    Ar.  a  fesse  nebulae  az.  betw.  two  lions  pass.  sa. 
Alwyn.    Sa.  a  chev.  hetw.  three  goats  ar. 
Al'wyn.    Or,  a  chev.  betw.  three  goats  pass.  sa. 
Alwyne.    Or,  a  chev.  az.  betw.  three  goats'  heads  of  the 

second  attired  of  the  first. 
Alye  (Gloucestershire).    Az.  a  Uon  ramp.  ar.    Crest — A  lion's 

head  cabossed  betw.  two  wings  sa. 
Alye  (Edwakd  Alte,  of  Tewkesbury,  gent.,   at  Visit,  co. 

Gloucester,  1623,  and  confirmed  to  his  grandson,  Bicbabd 

Alte,  citizen  of  London,  by  the  Earl  of  Aylesbury,  D.E.  Mar- 
shall, 2  Nov.  1679).      Az.    a  lion   saUent    ar.      Crest — A 

leopard's  head  or,  betw.  a  pair  of  wings  displayed  sa. 
Alye  (co.  Dorset,  Visit.  Dorset,  1623).     Or,  a  talbot's  head 

erased  sa.  on  a  chief  crenelliS  of  the  last  three  plates.     Crest 

—A  stag's  head  erased  i^er  pale  ar.  and  or,  on  the  neck  a  fesse 

crenelle  gu.  charged  with  three  escallops  gold. 
Alyn.     Az.  a  fess  nebuly  erm. 

Alyne.     Ar.  three  bars  and  betw.  them  as  many  towers  gu. 

Alyson  (Kent,   1583).      Ar.  a  fesse  az.  betw.  three  boars' 

heads  couped  sa.     Crest — A  pheon  ar.  with   part  of   the 

broken  shaft  in  it,  or. 

Alyson.    Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  three  bears'  heads  couped  sa. 

armed  gu. 
Amade.    Ar.  an  oak-branch  acomed  (or,  fructed)  ppr. 
Amades  (Plymouth,  CO.  Devon.)     Az.  a  chev.  erm.  betw. 

three  oaken  slips  acorned  ppr. 
Amand.     Or,  fretty  sa.   on    a   chief  of  the   second  three 

bezants  (another,  three  plates ;  and  another,  two  mullets). 
Amand.     Ar.  a  Uon  ramp,  coward  purp. 
Amand,  Amane,  or  Amarme.    Per  pale  ar.  and  sa.  a 

chev.  erm.  and  ermines  betw.  six  martlets  counterchanged. 
Crest — A  pomegranate  ppr. 
15 


chief   of  the    last    three 


Amant.     Or,  a    fret   sa. 

bezants. 
A  marie.     Az.  two  bars  within  a  bordure  ar.  guttde-de- 

sang. 
Amarle,  or  Armarle.     Ar.  gutt^e-de-sang,  three  bars 

humel^e  az.     Crest — A  lion  pass,  or,  resting  the  dexter  paw 

on  a  mullet  gu. 
Amary  (Essex).    Gu.  a  cross  engr.  ar.  charged  with  five 

cinquefoils  of  the  field.     Crest — A  cat's  head  and  neck  issu- 
ing affront^e  ar.  in  the  mouth  a  rat  sa. 
Amary.    Gu.  on  a  cross  engr.  ar.  four  cinquefoils  of  the 

field. 
Amatyst.     Ar.  on  a  bend  sa.  three  cinquefoils  of  the  field. 
Ambemont.     Erm.  on  a  pile  az.  three  fleurs-de-lis  or. 
Amberg".     Gyronny  of  six  az.  and  or. 
Ambers.    Gu.  a  chev.  betw.  three  rowels  or. 
Ambersam.   Or,  on  a  chev.  betw.  three  boars'  heads  couped 

sa.  as  many  (another,  five)  cinquefoils  of  the  first. 
Ajnbesace,  and  Amboraes.  Or,  three  dice  sa.  (another, 

gu.)  each  charged  with  an  ace  ar.     Crest — Out  of  a  ducal 

coronet  or  a  man's  head  in  profile  ppr. 
Ajubett.     Gyronny  of  eight  or  and  az.  four  annulets  of  the 

first. 
Ambler,  and  Anbler.      Sa.  on  a  fesse  or,  betw.  three 

pheons  ar.  a  lion  pass,  guard,  gu.    Crest — Two  dexter  hands 

conjoined,  sustaining  a  royal  crown. 
Ambler   (Kirton -in -Holland,    co.    Lincoln).      Sa.  across 

ermine  in  the  dexter  quarter  a  leopard's  face  ar. 
Amboraes.    See  Ambesace. 
Amborrow,  Anbury,  or  Anborow.    Ar.  a  chev.  ea. 

betw.  three   bears'  heads  erased  of   the  last  muzzled  or. 

Crest — A  bear's  head  as  in  the  arms. 
Ambridge.    Gu.  two  lions  ramp,  in  pale  ar.  Oiest—A  cross 

crosslet  fitch^e  in  pale  gu.  surmounted  by  two  swords  in 

saltire  ppr. 
Ambrose  (Lancashire).    Or,  three  humets  sa.  charged  with 

as  many  annulets  ar. 
Ambrose   (Lancashire).     Ar.  three  dice  (by  some   called 

billets)  sa.  each  charged  with  a  mullet  of  the  field  (another, 

annulets  or).     Crest— A.  hand  holding  a  billet  ar. 
Ambrose  (Ambrose  Hall,  co.  DubUn).     Per  fess  or  and  sa. 

three  dice  each  charged  with  an  annulet  all  counterchanged. 

Crest— A.  pelican  in  her  piety  or,  charged  on  the  breast  with 

a  shamrock  ppr.     Motto — In  heaven  is  aU  my  trust. 
Am  cotes  (Astrop,  co.  Lincoln,  granted  1548).     Ar.  a  tower 

betw.  three  covered  cups  az.     Crest — A  squirrel  sejant  gu. 

holding  in  the  mouth  a  nut  or. 
Amcotes  (Writenby,  co.  Lincoln).     The  same,  a  crescent 

for  diff. 
Amcots  (Essex).     Ar.  a  tower  triple  towered  betw.  three 

covered  cups  az.      Crest — A  squirrel  pass.  gu.  holding  ia 

the  mouth  a  nut  or. 
Amcotts  (Kettlethorpe,  co.  Lincoln,  Bart.).     Ar.  a  tower 

triple  towered  betw.  three  covered  cups,  two  and  one,  az. 

Crest — A  boar's  head  couped  and  erect  arg.  issuing  out  of 

the  mouth  an  estoile  or. 
Amcotts   (Hackthom,   co.  Lincoln.)     See  Cbaceoft-Am- 

COTTS. 

Amenes  and  Annennell.  Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  six  annu- 
lets gu. 

Amentom.  Gu.  a  cross  patonce  ar.  Crest — An  antelope's 
head  ppr. 

Amerance.  Gu.  four  mascles  in  bend  ar.  betw.  eight 
crosses  crosslet  or.     Crest — A  mascle  ar. 

Amerdley.  Ar.  a  Uon  ramp.  sa.  ducaUy  gorged  and  chain 
reflexed  or.     Crest — A  heart  inflamed  gu.  winged  or. 

Ameredith  (Marston  and  Tamerton,  co.  Devon).  Gu.  a 
lion  ramp,  reguard.  or.  Crest — A  demi  Uon  sa.  ducaUy 
gorged  and  Uned  or. 

Ameredith  (Devonshire).  Ar.  a  lion  ramp.  sa.  coUared  and 
chained  or. 

Amerex,  or  Americe.  Paly  wavy  of  six  or  and  sa. 
Crest — A  torteau  gu.  charged  with  a  talbot's  head  ar. 
erased  or. 

Amerie.  Per  pale  dancett^e  gu.  and  ar.  Crest — A  dexter 
hand  ppr.  holding  a  fleur-de-hs  in  pale  or. 

Amerie.  Gu.  a  cross  patonce  vair  (another,  ar.).  Crest- 
As,  the  last. 

Amerley.    See  Amcadle. 

Amervile.  Party  per  fess  indented  ar.  and  gu.  three 
annulets  counterchanged. 

Amervill.  Party  per  fesse  indented  ar.  and  gu.  three 
annulets  counterchanged. 

Amery  (John  Ameet,  Esq.,  F.S.A.,  J.P.  and  D.L.  co.  'Wor- 
cester, who  claims  to  be  descended  from  Amort  of  CodA'ins- 
ton).    See  Amobt.    Motto— To.  ne  cede  malls. 

Ames.    See  Amos. 


AH  E 


THE  GENERAL  ARMORY. 


AMY 


Ames  (granted  to  Henrt Metcalfe  Ames,  Esq.  ofLindon,  co. 

Northumberland,  and  his  descendants,  and  the  descendants 
ofLioNELAMEs,  Esq.,  of  theHyde,  co.  Bedford).  Ar.onabend 
cottised  between  two  annulets  sa.  a  quatrefoil  betw.  two  roses 
of  the  field;  quartering  for  Poole,  per  pale  or  and  gu.  a 
saltier  betw.  two  mascles  in  pale  and  in  fesse  as  many 
leopards'  faces  jessant  de  lis,  counterchanged,  and  for  Met- 
CALF,  per  fesse  or  and  sa.  in  chief  two  calves  statant  and  in 
base  a  dove  volant  counterchanged.  Crest— A.  rose  ar.  slipped 
and  leaved  ppr.  in  front  thereof  an  annulet  or. 

Ames  (Cote  House,  Wcstbury-on-Trym,  co.  Somerset).  Same 
Arrm,  quartering  Poole,  Cha-cncet,  <fcc.  Motto — Fama 
Candida  rosa  dulcior. 

Amest.  Ar.  three  holly  leaves  barways  the  stalks  towards 
the  dexter  ppr. 

Amherst  (Earl  Amhurst,  representative  of  an  ancient 
family  seated  in  the  13th  century  at  Amhurst,  Pembury, 
Kent,  whence  the  name).  Gu.  three  tilting  speass  two 
and  one  erect  or,  points  ar.  Crest  —  On  a  mount  vert 
three  tilting  spears  or,  headed  ar.,  one  in  pale  and  two 
in  saltire  environed  with  a  chaplet  of  laurel  vert.  Sup- 
jMrlers — Two  Canadian  war  Indians,  of  a  copper  colour, 
rings  in  their  noses  and  ears,  and  bracelets  ou  their  arms 
and  wrists  ar.  cross-belts  over  their  shoulders  buff.  To  one 
a  powder-horn  pendent,  to  the  other  a  scalping-knife  ;  each 
of  their  waists  covered  with  a  short  apron  gu.,  their  gaiters 
az.  seamed  or,  their  legs  fettered  and  fastened  by  a  chain 
to  the  bracelet  of  the  outer  wrist  ppr.,  the  dexter  Indian 
holding  in  his  exterior  hand  a  battle-axe  the  sinister  hold- 
ing in  his  exterior  hand  a  tomahawk,  thereon  a  scalp  all 
ppr.     JV/o££o— Constantia  et  Viriute. 

AJnlierst,  or  Amliurst  (Amhurst,  co.  Kent,  Didling- 
ton  Hall,  co.  Norfolk,  and  Hackney,  co.  Middlesex,  ex- 
emplified, Coll.  of  Arms,  to  William  -  Amhcbst  Ttssen- 
Amhuest,  Esq.  of  those  places).  Quarterly:  1st  and  4th, 
as  preceding,  viz.,  gu.  three  tilting  spears  two  and  one 
erect  or,  points  ar.  for  Amhdrst,  as  representing  Nicho- 
las Amhurst,  living  at  Judds,  in  Tudeley,  temp.  Queen 
Elizabeth,  one  of  the  four  sons  of  Thomas  Amherst,  of 
Amherst,  and  brother  of  John  Amherst,  ancestor  of  Earl 
Amherst ;  2nd,  Daniel,  per  saltire  ar.  and  or,  two  dexter 
arms  fessewise,  couped  in  pale,  vested  gu.  cuff  az.  the  hand 
ppr.  holding  a  cross  crosslet  fltch^e  erect  of  the  third  and  as 
many  lions  ramp,  in  fesse,  also  of  the  third;  3rd,  Ttssen, 
or,  on  a  chev.  az.  betw.  three  French  marygolds  slipped 
ppr.  two  lions  pass,  respecting  each  other  of  the  first, 
within  a  bordure  compony  ar.  and  of  the  second.   Quartering 

AUCHMCTY,    EVEBING,    WaTLAND,     StDNOB,    MoRB!3,     EaRDE, 

Babisfobd,  and  Leach.  Crests — Amhurst  :  On  a  mount 
TCrt  three  tilting  spears,  one  in  pale  and  two  in  saltire  or, 
encircled  by  a  wreath  of  laurel  ppr.  Daniel  :  In  front  of 
a  trefoil  slipped  vert  a  dexter  arm  couped  fesseways  habited 
gu.  cuffed  az.  the  hand  ppr.  holding  a  cross-crosslct  erect 
abogu.  Tyssen  :  A  demi-lion  rampant  per  fesse  wavy  or 
and  az.  ducally  crowned  gu.  and  holding  in  the  paws  an 
escutcheon  of  the  second  charged  with  an  estoile  of  the  first. 
Mottoes  —  Amhcbst  :  Victoria  concordift  crescit.  Daniel  : 
Toujours  pret.    Tyssen  :  Post  mortem  virtus  virescit. 

Amherst,  or  Amhurst  (Pembury  Court  Lodge,  East 
Farleigh,  Barnjett  and  Boxley  Abbey,  Kent,  confirmed  by 
Camden,  May,  1607).  Gu.  three  tilting  spears  two  and  one 
erect  or,  points  ar.  Crest — On  a  mount  vert  three  tilt- 
ing spears  headed  ar.  environed  with  a  chaplet  of  laurel 
vert. 

Amias.     Gu.  three  pallets  sa. 

Amicable  Society  (Incorporated  by  Royal  Charter  of 
Queen  Anne,  1706).  Az.  encircled  by  a  snake  or  two  hands 
conjoined  in  fcssc  couped  above  the  wrist  ppr.  on  a  chief 
embattled  of  the  second  an  hour  glass  sa.  betw.  two  wings 
expanded  of  the  Held.  Cre>t—A  snake  nowed  the  head 
dcbruiacd  towards  the  sinister  thereon  a  dove  ppr.  beaked 
and  legged  gu.  from  the  beak  an  escroll  with  the  motto 
Prudens  Simplicitas.  Motto  —  Beneath  the  arms,  Esto 
perpetua. 

Amidas  (London).  Az.  a  chev.  crm.  betw.  three  oakslips, 
within  a.  bordure  engr.  or  (sometimes  ar.).  Crest — A  branch 
of  oak  ppr.  acorned  or. 

Amiel.  Gu.  »ix.  escallops  three  and  three  arg.  Crest — A 
hunting  horn  unntrung  sa. 

Amlel  (Guadaloupe,  Charleston,  and  Boston,  U.S.  North 
America).  Gu.  six  escallops  three  and  three  ar.  Crest — A 
bunting  horn  unstrung  Ra. 

Amltesly  (Gloucestershire).  Per  pale  or  and  ar.  a  fesse  wavy 
gu.  fnomctimcs  four  bars  wavy).  Crest — A  bezant  charged 
with  a  palo  Indented  gu. 

Amler  (.Ioiin  Amleb,  of  Ford,  co.  Salop,  Esq.,  Sheriff,  1758). 
Ax.  a  fesse  betw.  three  crescents  ar. 
16 


Ammory  (Oxfordshire).  Az.  on  a  bend  or,  three  eaglets 
displ.  sa.  (sometimes  gu.)  armed  gu. 

Amock.  Erm.  a  chev.  couped  gu.  Crest — A  man's  head 
in  profile  ppr.  vested  gu.  wreathed  round  the  head  ar. 
and  sa. 

Amondeville  (Wotton,  in  'Wardall).    Vair  three  palets  gu. 

Amonde'vill  (Nottinghamshire).    Az.  a  fret  or. 

Amorie  (Lord  d'Amorie,  summoned  to  parliament,  ISIT). 
Barry  nebulae  of  six  ar.  and  gu.  a  bend  az. 

Amory  (Heathcoat-Amory,  Knightshayes  Court,  co.  Devon, 
Bart.).  Quarterly  :  1st  and  4tli,  Amory,  viz.,  ar.  two  bars  gu. 
on  a  bend  engr.  with  plain  cottises  sa.  two  annulets  of  the 
field ;  2nd  and  3rd,  Heathcoat,  vert,  three  piles  one  re- 
versed in  base  betw.  the  others  issuant  from  the  chief  each 
charged  with  a  pommels  thereon  a  cross  of  the  2nd.  Crests — 
Amoby:  The  battlements  of  a  tower  or,  therefrom  issuant 
a  talbot's  head  az.  charged  with  two  annulets  fessewise  and 
interlaced  gold.  Heathcoat:  Upon  a  mount  vert.  betw. 
two  roses  springing  from  the  same  gu.  stalked  and  leaved 
ppr.  a  pommels  charged  with  a  cross  or.  il/o(;o— Amore 
non  vi. 

Amory.     Az.  on  a  bend  or,  three  eaglets  displ.  gu. 

Amory,  or  D' Amory  (Codrington,  co.  Gloucester,  'Wor- 
cestershire Visit.  1634).  Barry  nebulde  of  six  ar.  and  gu. 
over  all  a  bend  engr.  az.  Crest— Out  of  a  mural  crown  or,  a 
talbot's  head  az.  eared  of  the  first. 

Amory  (St.  Ann's,  near  Bristol,  co.  Somerset,  Bunratty 
Castle,  CO.  Clare,  and  Boston,  United  States  of  America.  The 
Amobys  of  America  are  a  family  of  considerable  distinction; 
Thomas  Amory,  Esq.  of  Bunratty  Castle,  was  Lord  Palatine 
of  South  Carolina,  under  John  Locke's  charter,  and  his  uncle, 
Jonathan  Amory,  Esq.,  also  emigrated  to  South  Carolina 
about  1690,  and  became  Advocate-General  and  Speaker  of  the 
House  of  Assembly  there.  His  descendant  is  the  present 
Thomas  C.  Amory,  Esq.  of  Boston,  U.S.).  Barry  nebulee  of 
six  ar.  and  gu.  a  bend  az.  Crest— Out  of  a  mural  crown  or,  a 
talbot's  head  az.  eared  of  the  first.   Motto~Ta  ne  cede  malis. 

Amos  or  Ames.  Potent  counterpotent  gu.  and  ar.  a  chev. 
or.    Ci-est — A  square  collegiate  cap  sa. 

Amphlett  (Hadsor  and  Clent,  co.  Worcester,  anciently  of 
Sahvarpe,  descended  from  William  Amphlett,  Lord  of  the 
Manor  of  Hadsor  temp.  James  I.  The  Hadsor  line  is  repre- 
sented by  Sir  Richard-Paul  Amphlett,  now  of  Wychbold 
Hall,  CO.  Worcester,  one  of  the  Barons  of  the  Court  of  Ex- 
chequer; the  Clent  branch  is  represented  by  John  Amph- 
lett, Esq.  of  Clent  House).  Ar.  on  a  fesse  betw.  three 
lozenges  az.  a  cinquefoil  or.     Crest — A  dromedary  ppr. 

Amphlett  (Kev.  Charles  Amphlett,  Earlscombe,  Worces- 
ter, who  adopted  the  surname  of  Amphlett  in  lieu  of  his 
patronymic,  Dunne).  Erm.  two  barrulets  az.  in  chief  a 
cinquefoil  sa.  betw.  two  lozenges  of  the  2nd,  and  in  base  a 
cinquefoil  of  the  3rd.  Crest — On  a  mount  vert,  a  dromedary 
statant  ppr.  charged  with  three  cinquefoils  sa. 

Amras  (Norfolk,  originally  Kent).  Erm.  on  a  bend  sa.  three 
acorns  or.  Crest — A  stag's  head  erased  gorged  with  a 
wreath  tied  in  a  bow. 

Amreuell.    Ar.  a  fesse  betw.  six  annulets  gu. 

Amsden,  or  Amsdon.  Ar.  a  chev.  betw.  three  sinister 
wings  gu.  Crest — A  cross  flory  fitch^e  or  fleuHy  gu.  betw. 
two  wings  ppr. 

Amsou  (Chester).  Ar.  on  two  bars  az.  betw.  three  leopards' 
faces  in  pale  gu.  six  bezants.  Crest — A  cock  blackbird  ppr. 
betw.  two  ostrich  feathers  ar. 

Amuaule,  and  Amerley.    Gu.  a  cross  pattde  vair. 

Amunde'ville  (Winthorpo,  Nottingham).    Az.  a  fret  or. 

Amy  (Cornwall).  Gu.  on  a  pile  ar.  three  bears'  heads  couped 
sa.  muzzled  or. 

Amy  (Jersey).  Or,  on  a  chief  embattled  sa.  three  annulets 
ar.  Crest — Out  of  a  ducal  coronet,  a  peacock's  head  ppr. 
holding  a  sprig  vert.     Motto — Hostis  honori  invidia. 

Amy  (Botienno  Castle,  Cornwall).  On  an  escutcheon  three 
bears'  heads  erased  and  muzzled.  Monument  in  Minster 
Ch.  Cornwall,  1656. 

Amy.  Or,  on  a  chief  embattled  sa.  three  mullets  ar.  Crest— 
Out  of  a  ducal  coronet  or,  an  eagle's  head  holding  in  the 
beak  a  sprig  ppr. 

Amyand  (London,  Bart.).  Vert  a  chev.  betw.  three  garbs 
or.  Crest — A  naked  arm  embowed  ppr.  holding  in  the  hand 
three  ears  of  corn  bladed  all  or,  (sometimes  an  arm  em- 
bowed  vested  or,  holding  in  the  hand  ppr.  three  stalks  of 
wheat  gold). 

Amyas  (Cambridgeshire).  Ar.  a  fesse  az.  in  chief  a  demi 
lion  ramp.  gu. 

Amyas  (Essex).  Ar.  two  bars  gu.  charged  with  three  mullets 
or.     Crest — A  hind  ppr.  collared  gu. 

Amyas  (Norfolk).  Ar.  a  boar's  head  couped  sa.  armed  or, 
betw.  three  crosses  crosslet  (sometimes  six  crosses  crosslet 


AMY 


THE  GENERAL  ARMORY. 


AND 


fltclJ*)  of  the  second.    Crest— X  staff's  head  erased  or,  gorged 

with  a  wreath  ar.  and  sa.  tied  at  the  end. 
Amyas  (Yorkshire).    Ar.  on  a  bend  cottised  sa.  three  roses 

of  the  field. 
Amyas.    Sa.  a  chev.  hetw.  three  escallops  ar. 
Amyas.     Gu.  three  pallets  az. 
Amyatt  (Southampton).    Or,  on  a  chief  embattled  sa.  three 

mullets  of  the  first.     Crest — A  ram  pass.  ar. 
Am.ys  (Ksscx).     Ar.  on  two  bars  gu.  three  mullets  of  the 

first.     Crest— K  hind  pass.  ar.  collared  gu. 
Anables.     See  Annabell. 
Anby,  Andby,  or  Andelby.    Gu.  a  fcsse  hetw.  two 

chev.  or. 
Ancell.    Gu.  a  bend  masculy  ar. 
Ancell.    Gu.  a  bend  lozengy  or. 
Ancell,  or  Anscell  (Cornwall).    Gu.  a  saltire  engr.  ar. 

betw.  four  bezants. 
Anchitel  (Dorsetshire).    Or,  a  saltire  ragiily  vert. 
Ancketill  (Shaftesbury,  co.  Dorset).    Ar.  a  cross  embattled 

vert.     Cre^t — Dn  a  mount  vert,  an  oak  tree  ppr. 
Ancketill  (Dorsetsliire).    Ar.  a  saltire  raguly  vert.     Crest— 

The  root  of  an  oak  tree  erased,  out  of  it  a  Uvo  branch 

sproutins  ppr.  acomed  or. 
Ajicketill  (Ancketill's  Grove,  co.  Monaghan,  descended  from 

the  old  Dorsetshire  family).   Ar.  a  saltire  raguly  vert.     Crest 

.^An  oak  tree  ppr.  acomed  or.    Motto — Vade  ad  formicam. 
Ancketill  (Killyfaddy,  co.  Tyrone,  descended  from  the  old 

Dorsetshire  family).    Ar.  a  saltire  raguly  vert  a  martlet  for 

difference.     Cce.J— An  oak  tree  ppr.  acorncd  or,  and  charged 

on  the  stem  with  a  martlet  of  the  last  for  difference.  Motto— 

Vade  ad  formicam. 
Ancotes  (Lincolnshire).    Az.  a  castle  betw.  three  covered 

cups  ar. 
Ancottes.   Ar.  three  covered  cups  sa.  on  a  chief  gu.  a  castle 

betw.  two  lions  pass.  or. 
Ancram  (Hill  H